Stroop interference for food- and body-related words: A meta-analysis
2005 (English)In: Eating behaviors, Vol. 6, no 3, 271-281 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
According to cognitive theories of eating disorders, biased information processing in favour of dysfunctional attitudes about food and body appearance play a vital role in the development and maintenance of such disorders. Data from 27 studies evaluating Stroop interference for food- and body-related words with negative overtones were included in a meta-analysis in order to investigate whether such processing biases are specific to eating disordered samples. Participants were females characterised as eating disordered, non-eating disordered but nevertheless over-concerned with body appearance and eating, and normal controls. Mean Stroop interference for eating disordered females was of medium effect size (Cohen´s d = 0.48) and significantly larger than for both non-eating disordered females concerned with body appearance and eating, and normal control females (both d = 0.21). Stroop interference for eating disordered females was thus of fairly modest magnitude where it was unclear whether such interference is specific to this sample.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 6, no 3, 271-281 p.
stroop interference, attentional bias
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-70418OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-70418DiVA: diva2:98329