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Effect of thin oblique moving plates on long rod projectiles: a reverse impact study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid Mecanics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid Mecanics.
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Impact Engineering, ISSN 0734-743X, E-ISSN 1879-3509, Vol. 32, no 10, 1696-1720 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The geometry and motion of long rod projectiles after penetrating thin obliquely oriented and moving armour plates were studied. Plates moving in their normal directions towards as well as away from the projectile (scalar product of velocities negative and positive, respectively) were considered. The influences of plate velocity and obliquity (angle between the normal of the plate and the axis of the projectile) were investigated through small-scale reverse impact tests with tungsten projectiles of length 30 mm and diameter 2 mm, and with 2 mm-thick steel plates. The obliquity (30°, 60° and 70°) and the plate velocity (300 to −300 m/s) were varied systematically for a projectile velocity of 2000 m/s. The disturbing effect of the plate on the projectile was characterised in terms of changes in length, velocity, angular momentum, linear momentum and kinetic energy. Plates with obliquity 60–70° moving away from the projectiles with velocity 200–300 m/s were found to cause extensive fragmentation of the projectile and to have large disturbing effects in terms of all measures used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 32, no 10, 1696-1720 p.
Keyword [en]
Oblique plate, Reactive armour, Long rod projectile, Residual projectile, Reverse impact, Test, Experiment
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-70699DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2005.02.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-70699DiVA: diva2:98610
Available from: 2007-02-14 Created: 2007-02-14 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Interaction between High-velocity Penetrators and Moving Armour Components
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction between High-velocity Penetrators and Moving Armour Components
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This work was aimed at understanding mechanisms of importance for the design of weight-efficient armour against long-rod projectiles (LRP) and shaped charge (SC) warheads. The focus was on how to achieve effective mechanical disturbances on the threat before it hits the target.

Methods were developed for laboratory tests in full and reduced scale, and for registration and evaluation of the fast and violent events involved. For numerical simulations, the Xue-Wierzbicki fracture model was implemented and used for the LRP in order to allow fractures due to shear load without extensive damage of the entire projectile. In order to reproduce the scattering of the SC jet after interaction with reactive armour, use was made of a very fine computational mesh.

Severe disturbances and fractures of the penetrators (LRP and SC jet) originate from the interaction phase in which a plate slides along the penetrator. In the case of an SC jet, this sliding contact results in severe scattering of the SC jet due to instabilities of the same kind as those between two fluids in contact, moving in parallel with different tangential velocities (Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities). The generation of such instabilities is caused by the very high velocity (in the order of 10000 m/s) and the relatively low material strength of the SC jet in combination with the high contact pressure and the motion of the plate. In the case of an LRP, the high strength of the material of the projectile and its low velocity (in the order of 2000 m/s) relative to that of an SC jet, prevent the generation of KH-instabilities. Instead, fractures of the projectile may occur due to abrupt change of contact pressure at the exit of the plate. The positive pressure gradient and longer interaction time of forwards moving plates compared to backwards moving plates make the former plates more effective. A side-hitting steel rod gives approximately the same effect on an LRP as that of a steel plate with the same thickness, velocity and angle of obliquity.

The results obtained can be used for assessment and optimisation of reactive armour modules and active protection systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 65 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 784
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Solid Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-132922 (URN)978-91-554-7940-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-12-15, Häggsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
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Note
Felaktigt tryckt som Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 714Available from: 2010-11-24 Created: 2010-10-29 Last updated: 2011-03-21Bibliographically approved

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Lidén, EwaLundberg, Bengt

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