Pharmacodynamic differences between species exemplified by the novel anticancer agent CHS 828
2004 (English)In: Drug development research (Print), ISSN 0272-4391, E-ISSN 1098-2299, Vol. 61, no 4, 218-226 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
When a candidate drug enters clinical trials, decisions regarding dosing are mainly based on animal data. Occasionally, toxicity problems are faced in the clinic because of unexpected species differences in pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics between humans and preclinical species. Fludarabine and topotecan are examples of such drugs. In the first clinical trials of the new agent CHS 828, the maximum tolerated dose was reached earlier than expected from animal data. This paper discusses the issue of species differences in the development of anticancer drugs, and preclinical models for detection and quantification of such differences. Pharmacokinetic and hematological toxicity data of CHS 828 from studies in rats and humans are presented. In vitro sensitivity to CHS 828 and some established cytotoxic agents was measured in lymphocytes from humans and rats and in a panel of human and rodent cell-lines. 10–100 times higher CHS 828 exposure was tolerated by rats than by patients. In both in vitro cell systems, CHS 828 showed higher potency in human cells compared to rodent cells. A species difference was evident also for fludarabine, but not for doxorubicin and cisplatin. CHS 828 pharmacokinetics were similar across species. In conclusion, the lower tolerance of CHS 828 in humans than in rats could be detected in vitro in cultures of peripheral lymphocytes. Preclinical studies of species differences could help the interpretation of in vivo effect studies as well as the choice of starting dose for clinical trials. We suggest peripheral lymphocytes from different species as a potential model system for such studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 61, no 4, 218-226 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-71903DOI: 10.1002/ddr.10353OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-71903DiVA: diva2:99814