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  • 1.
    Ahlberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Johansson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Zhang, Zhibin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Jansson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Zhang, Shi-Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Lindblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Nyberg, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Defect formation in graphene during low-energy ion bombardment2016In: APL Materials, ISSN 2166-532X, Vol. 4, no 4, 046104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This letter reports on a systematic investigation of sputter induced damage in graphene caused by low energy Ar+ ion bombardment. The integral numbers of ions per area (dose) as well as their energies are varied in the range of a few eV's up to 200 eV. The defects in the graphene are correlated to the dose/energy and different mechanisms for the defect formation are presented. The energetic bombardment associated with the conventional sputter deposition process is typically in the investigated energy range. However, during sputter deposition on graphene, the energetic particle bombardment potentially disrupts the crystallinity and consequently deteriorates its properties. One purpose with the present study is therefore to demonstrate the limits and possibilities with sputter deposition of thin films on graphene and to identify energy levels necessary to obtain defect free graphene during the sputter deposition process. Another purpose is to disclose the fundamental mechanisms responsible for defect formation in graphene for the studied energy range.

  • 2.
    Ahlberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Seung, Hee Jeong
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Jiao, Mingzhi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Wu, Zhigang
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Zhang, Shi-Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Zhang, Zhi-Bin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Graphene as a Diffusion Barrier in Galinstan-Solid Metal Contacts2014In: IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, ISSN 0018-9383, Vol. 61, no 8, 2996-3000 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the use of graphene as a diffusion barrier to a eutectic Ga-In-Sn alloy, i.e., galinstan, for electrical contacts in electronics. Galinstan is known to be incompatible with many conventional metals used for electrical contacts. When galinstan is in direct contact with Al thin films, Al is readily dissolved leading to the formation of Al oxides present on the surface of the galinstan droplets. This reaction is monitored ex situ using several material analysis methods as well as in situ using a simple circuit to follow the time-dependent resistance variation. In the presence of a multilayer graphene diffusion barrier, the Al-galinstan reaction is effectively prevented for galinstan deposited by means of drop casting. When deposited by spray coating, the high-impact momentum of the galinstan droplets causes damage to the multilayer graphene and the Al-galinstan reaction is observed at some defective spots. Nonetheless, the graphene barrier is likely to block the formation of Al oxides at the Al/galinstan interface leading to a stable electrical current in the test circuit.

  • 3.
    Ahlström, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Characterizing the state of water in an amorphous magnesium carbonate using Dielectric spectroscopy2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the industry of today, materials which can adsorb and hold large amounts of water are playing an important role. Here, the free and bound water carrying capacity of an amorphous magnesium carbonate is investigated. It is also determined how these parameters depend on the relative humidity of the surrounding environment. To do this, the technique of dielectric spectroscopy is employed. Along with the water binding properties, the concentration of charge carriers and the diffusion coefficient was determined. A smaller part of around 10-30 % of the water adsorbed was shown to behave as free water in the material. The concentration of charge carriers was calculated to be in an order of magnitude of 1018-1022 m-3 for the higher relative humidity environments. The diffusion coefficient was shown to be about 5*10-9 m2/s for the adsorption spectrum. This value is in good agreement with the value for OH- ions in water.

  • 4.
    Ahmadi, Majid
    et al.
    University of Puerto Rico.
    Sahoo, Satyaprakash
    University of Puerto Rico.
    Younesi, Reza
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Gaur, Anand P. S.
    Katiyar, Ram S.
    Guinel, Maxime J-F
    WO3 nano-ribbons: their phase transformation from tungstite (WO3·H2O) to tungsten oxide (WO3)2014In: Journal of Materials Science, ISSN 0022-2461, E-ISSN 1573-4803, Vol. 49, no 17, 5899-5909 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Ahmadi, Majid
    et al.
    University of Puerto Rico.
    Younesi, Reza
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Guinel, Maxime J-F.
    University of Puerto Rico.
    Synthesis of tungsten oxide nanoparticles using a hydrothermal method at ambient pressure2014In: Journal of Materials Research, ISSN 0884-2914, Vol. 29, no 13, 1424-1430 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6. Ahrentorp, Fredrik
    et al.
    Blomgren, Jakob
    Jonasson, Christian
    Sarwe, Anna
    Sepehri, Sobhan
    Eriksson, Emil
    Kalaboukhov, Alexei
    Jesorka, Aldo
    Winkler, Dag
    Schneiderman, Justin F.
    Nilsson, Mats
    Albert, Jan
    Zardán Gómez de la Torre, Teresa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Johansson, Christer
    Sensitive magnetic biodetection using magnetic multi-core nanoparticles and RCA coils2016In: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, ISSN 0304-8853, E-ISSN 1873-4766, Vol. 427, 14-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use functionalized iron oxide magnetic multi-core particles of 100 nm in size (hydrodynamic particle diameter) and AC susceptometry (ACS) methods to measure the binding reactions between the magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and bio-analyte products produced from DNA segments using the rolling circle amplification (RCA) method. We use sensitive induction detection techniques in order to measure the ACS response. The DNA is amplified via RCA to generate RCA coils with a specific size that is dependent on the amplification time. After about 75 min of amplification we obtain an average RCA coil diameter of about 1 µm. We determine a theoretical limit of detection (LOD) in the range of 11 attomole (corresponding to an analyte concentration of 55 fM for a sample volume of 200 µL) from the ACS dynamic response after the MNPs have bound to the RCA coils and the measured ACS readout noise. We also discuss further possible improvements of the LOD.

  • 7.
    Akhtar, Sultan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Rubino, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Leifer, Klaus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    A simple TEM method for fast thickness characterization of suspendedgraphene flakesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Alvebratt, Caroline
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
    Petersson, E.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Bergström, Christel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
    Dissolution studies of solid formulations - Applicability of µDiss inmonitoring supersaturation, nucleation and crystallization behavior; Casestudy: Carrier-based formulation.2016In: pION Fiber Optic Advanced Training Course. Uppsala, June 14-15, 2016., 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Alvebratt, Caroline
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
    Petersson, E.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Bergström, Christel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
    A small scale method to determine release rate from complexcarrier-mediated systems. 2016In: AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition. Denver, November 13-17, 2016. / [ed] AAPS, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Alvebratt, Caroline
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
    Petersson, Erik
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Bergström, Christel
    A small scale method to determine release rate from complex carrier-mediated systems2016In: Emerging Technologies in Drug Discovery and Development. Zhuhai, August 23-26, 2016., 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Amorim, Rodrigo G.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Scheicher, Ralph H.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Silicene as a new potential DNA sequencing device2015In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 26, no 15, 154002Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Silicene, a hexagonal buckled 2D allotrope of silicon, shows potential as a platform for numerous new applications, and may allow for easier integration with existing silicon-based microelectronics than graphene. Here, we show that silicene could function as an electrical DNA sequencing device. We investigated the stability of this novel nano-bio system, its electronic properties and the pronounced effects on the transverse electronic transport, i.e., changes in the transmission and the conductance caused by adsorption of each nucleobase, explored by us through the non-equilibrium Green's function method. Intriguingly, despite the relatively weak interaction between nucleobases and silicene, significant changes in the transmittance at zero bias are predicted by us, in particular for the two nucleobases cytosine and guanine. Our findings suggest that silicene could be utilized as an integrated-circuit biosensor as part of a lab-on-a-chip device for DNA sequencing.

  • 12.
    Andersson, M.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Kiselev, A.
    Umeå University.
    Österlund, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Palmqvist, A E C
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Microemulsion-mediated room-temperature synthesis of high-surface-area rutile and its photocatalytic performance2007In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 111, no 18, 6789-6797 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanosized titania having the rutile crystalline structure was synthesized at room temperature using a microemulsion-mediated system. The formed rutile particles had a diameter of 3 nm, which corresponds well with the droplet size of the water-in-oil microemulsion used for their preparation. The crystallinity was monitored by both X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron diffraction, together with dark-field electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM. The rutile had a high specific surface area (similar to 300 m(2)/g) according to N-2 adsorption and the BET equation. To our knowledge, this is the highest specific surface area ever reported for rutile. The rutile crystals aligned in a specific crystallographic direction forming elongated aggregates 200-1000 nm in size, as observed by TEM and high-resolution TEM. The titania formation was followed in situ using dynamic light scattering and UV-vis spectroscopy, and together with TEM and XRD performed on samples collected throughout the duration of the titania synthesis, the results gave support for a formation scheme involving the initial formation of amorphous titania followed by crystallization of rutile. The photocatalytic performance of the formed material was evaluated by in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and compared to that of a rutile sample having a lower specific surface area (similar to 40 m(2)/g). The TEM and formate adsorption experiments revealed that the high-surface-area rutile had a much higher fraction of (101) facets than the low-surface-area sample, which predominantly exposed (110) facets. In particular, a new bidentate formate (mu-formate) species bridge-bonded to the (101) facet could be identified with characteristic bands at 1547 and 1387 cm(-1). The photodegradation rate of this species was found to be similar to the mu-formate species on the (110) facet. However, the overall formate degradation rate was larger on the high-surface-area rutile sample because of a high concentration of the more readily photodegradable monodentate formate (eta(1)-formate) on that sample.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Mikael Svante
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Mathieu, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Lee, Su Seong
    The Nanos, Inst Bioengn & Nanotechnol, Singapore 138669, Singapore..
    Normile, Peter S.
    Univ Castilla La Mancha, IRICA, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain.;Univ Castilla La Mancha, Dept Fis Aplicada, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain..
    Singh, Gurvinder
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway..
    Nordblad, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Angel De Toro, Jose
    Univ Castilla La Mancha, IRICA, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain.;Univ Castilla La Mancha, Dept Fis Aplicada, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain..
    Size-dependent surface effects in maghemite nanoparticles and its impact on interparticle interactions in dense assemblies2015In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 26, no 47, 475703Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of the dominant interparticle magnetic interaction type in random closely packed assemblies of different diameter (6.2-11.5 nm) bare maghemite nanoparticles (NPs) is addressed. Single-particle magnetic properties such as particle anisotropy and exchange bias field are first of all studied in dilute (reference) systems of these same NPs, where interparticle interactions are neglible. Substantial surface spin disorder is revealed in all particles except the smallest, viz. for diameters d = 8-11.5 nm but not for d = 6.2-6.3 nm. X-ray diffraction analysis points to a crystallographic origin of this effect. The study of closely packed assemblies of the d >= 8 nm particles observes collective (superspin) freezing that clearly appears to be governed by interparticle dipole interactions. However, the dense assemblies of the smallest particles exhibit freezing temperatures that are higher than expected from a simple (dipole) extrapolation of the corresponding temperatures found in the d >= 8 nm assemblies. It is suggested that the nature of the dominant interparticle interaction in these smaller particle assemblies is superexchange, whereby the lack of significant surface spin disorder allows this mechanism to become important at the level of interacting superspins.

  • 14. Angel Nino, Miguel
    et al.
    Kowalik, Iwona Agnieszka
    Jesus Luque, Francisco
    Arvanitis, Dimitri
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics, Physics V. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Miranda, Rodolfo
    Jose de Miguel, Juan
    Enantiospecific Spin Polarization of Electrons Photoemitted Through Layers of Homochiral Organic Molecules2014In: Advanced Materials, ISSN 0935-9648, E-ISSN 1521-4095, Vol. 26, no 44, 7474-7479 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Antila, Liisa J.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Ghamgosar, Pedram
    Maji, Somnath
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics.
    Tian, Haining
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Ott, Sascha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics.
    Hammarström, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Dynamics and Photochemical H-2 Evolution of Dye-NiO Photocathodes with a Biomimetic FeFe-Catalyst2016In: ACS ENERGY LETTERS, ISSN 2380-8195, Vol. 1, no 6, 1106-1111 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mesoporous NiO films were cosensitized with a coumarin 343 dye and a proton reduction catalyst of the [Fe-2(CO)(6)(bdt)] (bdt = benzene-1,2-dithiolate) family. Femtosecond ultraviolet visible transient absorption experiments directly demonstrated subpicosecond hole injection into NiO from excited dyes followed by rapid (t(50%) similar to 6 ps) reduction of the catalyst on the surface with similar to 70% yield. The reduced catalyst was long-lived (2 mu s to 20 ms), which may allow protonation and a second reduction step of the catalyst to occur. A photo electrochemical device based on this photocathode produced H-2 with a Faradaic efficiency of similar to 50%. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography experiments demonstrated that the observed device deterioration with time was mainly due to catalyst degradation and desorption from the NiO surface. The insights gained from these mechanistic studies, regarding development of dye-catalyst cosensitized photocathodes, are discussed.

  • 16.
    Anttila-Eriksson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Electrical Characterizationon Commercially Available Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) Graphene2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Field-effect transistors (FET) based on graphene as channel has extraordinaryproperties in terms of charge mobility, charge carrier density etc. However, there aremany challenges to graphene based FET due to the fact graphene is a monolayer ofatoms in 2-dimentional space that is strongly influenced by the operating conditions.One issue is that the Dirac point, or K-point, shifts to higher gate voltage whengraphene is exposed to atmosphere. In this study graphene field-effect transistors(GFET) based on commercially available CVD graphene are electrically characterizedthrough field effect gated measurements. The Dirac point is initially unobservable andlocated at higher gate voltages (>+42 V), indicating high p-doping in graphene.Different treatments are tried to enhance the properties of GFET devices, such astransconductance, mobility and a decrease of the Dirac point to lower voltages, thatincludes current annealing, vacuum annealing, hot plate annealing, ionized water bathand UV-ozone cleaning. Vacuum annealing and annealing on a hot plate affect thegated response; they might have decreased the overall p-doping, but also introducedDirac points and non-linear features. These are thought to be explained by localp-doping of the graphene under the electrodes. Thus the Dirac point of CVDgraphene is still at higher gate voltages. Finally, the charge carrier mobility decreasedin all treatments except current – and hot plate annealing, and it is also observed that charge carrier mobilities after fabrication are lower than the manufacturer estimatesfor raw graphene on SiO2/Si substrate.

  • 17. Apell, S. P.
    et al.
    Hanson, G. W.
    Hägglund, Carl
    epartment of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, USA.
    High optical absorption in grapheneManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Araujo, Rafael B.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Banerjee, Amitava
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Panigrahi, Puspamitra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Hindustan Univ, Ctr Clean Energy & Nanoconvergence, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Yang, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Sjödin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Araujo, C. Moyses
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Dept Mat, Appl Mat Phys, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.; Royal Inst Technol KTH, Dept Engn, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Assessing Electrochemical Properties of Polypyridine and Polythiophene for Prospective Application in Sustainable Organic Batteries2017In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 19, no 4, 3307-3314 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conducting polymers are being considered promising candidates for sustainable organic batteries mainly due to their fast electron transport properties and high recyclability. In this work, key properties of polythiophene and polypyridine have been assessed through a combined theoretical and experimental study focusing on such applications. A theoretical protocol has been developed to calculate redox potentials in solution within the framework of the density functional theory and using continuous solvation models. Here, the evolution of the electrochemical properties of solvated oligomers as a function of the length of the chain is analyzed and then the polymer properties are estimated via linear regressions using ordinary least square. The predicted values were verified against our electrochemical experiments. This protocol can now be employed to screen a large database of compounds in order to identify organic electrodes with superior properties.

  • 19.
    Araujo, Rafael B.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Banerjee, Amitava
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Panigrahi, Puspamitra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Hindustan Univ, Ctr Clean Energy & Nanoconvergence, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Yang, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Sjödin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Araujo, C. Moyses
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Dept Mat & Engn, Appl Mat Phys, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Designing strategies to tune reduction potential of organic molecules for sustainable high capacity batteries application2017In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 5, no 9, 4430-4454 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organic compounds evolve as a promising alternative to the currently used inorganic materials in rechargeable batteries due to their low-cost, environmentally friendliness and flexibility. One of the strategies to reach acceptable energy densities and to deal with the high solubility of known organic compounds is to combine small redox active molecules, acting as capacity carrying centres, with conducting polymers. Following this strategy, it is important to achieve redox matching between the chosen molecule and the polymer backbone. Here, a synergetic approach combining theory and experiment has been employed to investigate this strategy. The framework of density functional theory connected with the reaction field method has been applied to predict the formal potential of 137 molecules and identify promising candidates for the referent application. The effects of including different ring types, e.g. fused rings or bonded rings, heteroatoms, [small pi] bonds, as well as carboxyl groups on the formal potential, has been rationalized. Finally, we have identified a number of molecules with acceptable theoretical capacities that show redox matching with thiophene-based conducting polymers which, hence, are suggested as pendent groups for the development of conducting redox polymer based electrode materials.

  • 20. Aroutiouinian, V. M.
    et al.
    Mkhitaryan, Z. H.
    Shatveryan, A. A.
    Ghulinyan, M.
    Pavesi, L.
    Granqvist, C.-G.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Kish, L.-B.
    Noise Spectroscopy of Gas Sensors2007In: Conference on Nanoelectronic Devices for Defence & Security (Nano-DDS), 2007, 69- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Arvizu, Miguel A
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Granqvist, Claes G.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Niklasson, Gunnar A
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Rejuvenation of degraded electrochromic MoO3 thin films made by DC magnetron sputtering: Preliminary results2016In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2016, Vol. 764, 012009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Molybdenum oxide thin films were deposited by reactive DC magnetron sputtering and were subjected to voltammetric cycling in an electrolyte comprised of lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate. The films were heavily degraded during 20 voltammetric cycles in an extended voltage range. The films were subsequently rejuvenated by use of potentiostatic treatments under different voltages during 20 hours. Optical changes were recorded during the electrochemical degradation and ensuing rejuvenation.

  • 22. Asano, Kohta
    et al.
    Westerwaal, Ruud J.
    Anastasopol, Anca
    Mooij, Lennard P. A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
    Boelsma, Christiaan
    Ngene, Peter
    Schreuders, Herman
    Eijt, Stephan W. H.
    Dam, Bernard
    Destabilization of Mg Hydride by Self-Organized Nanoclusters in the Immiscible Mg-Ti System2015In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 119, no 22, 12157-12164 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mg is an attractive hydrogen storage material not only because of its high gravimetric and volumetric hydrogen capacities but also because of it low material costs. However, the hydride of MgH2 is too stable to release hydrogen under moderate conditions. We demonstrate that the formation of nanometer-sized clusters of Mg reduces the stability of MgH2 by the interface energy effect in the immiscible Mg-Ti system. Ti-rich MgxTi1-x (x < 0.5) thin films deposited by magnetron sputtering have a hexagonal close packed (HCP) structure, which forms a face-centered cubic (FCC) hydride phase upon hydrogenation. Positron Doppler broadening depth profiling demonstrates that after hydrogenation, nanometer-sized MgH2 clusters are formed which are coherently embedded in an FCC TiH2 matrix. The P (pressure)-T (optical transmission) isotherms measured by hydrogenography show that these MgH2 clusters are destabilized. This indicates that the formation of nanometer-sized Mg allows for the development of a lightweight and cheap hydrogen storage material with a lower desorption temperature.

  • 23.
    Asfaw, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Nyholm, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Edström, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
    Surface-oxidized NbO2 nanoparticles for high performance lithium microbatteriesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Asper, M.
    et al.
    Charles River Biopharmaceut Serv GmbH, D-51105 Cologne, Germany..
    Hanrieder, T.
    Charles River Biopharmaceut Serv GmbH, D-51105 Cologne, Germany..
    Quellmalz, Arne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Mihranyan, Albert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Removal of xenotropic murine leukemia virus by nanocellulose based filter paper2015In: Biologicals (Print), ISSN 1045-1056, E-ISSN 1095-8320, Vol. 43, no 6, 452-456 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The removal of xenotrpic murine leukemia virus (xMuLV) by size-exclusion filter paper composed of 100% naturally derived cellulose was validated. The filter paper was produced using cellulose nanofibers derived from Cladophora sp. algae. The filter paper was characterized using atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, helium pycnometry, and model tracer (100 nm latex beads and 50 nm gold nanoparticles) retention tests. Following the filtration of xMuLV spiked solutions, LRV >= 5.25 log(10) TCID50 was observed, as limited by the virus titre in the feed solution and sensitivity of the tissue infectivity test. The results of the validation study suggest that the nanocellulose filter paper is useful for removal of endogenous rodent retroviruses and retrovirus-like particles during the production of recombinant proteins.

  • 25. Atluri, Rambabu
    et al.
    Iqbal, Muhammad Naeem
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Hedin, Niklas
    Villaescusa, Luis Angel
    Garcia-Bennett, Alfonso E
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Self-assembly mechanism of folate-templated mesoporous silica.2013In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 29, no 38, 12003-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method to form ordered mesoporous silica based on the use of folate supramolecular templates has been developed. Evidence based on in situ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and in situ conductivity measurements are used to investigate the organic-inorganic interactions and synthesis mechanism. The behavior of folate molecules in solution differs distinctively from that of surfactants commonly used for the preparation of ordered mesoporous silica phases, notably with the absence of a critical micellar concentration. In situ SAXS studies reveal fluctuations in X-ray scattering intensities consistent with the condensation of the silica precursor surrounding the folate template and the growth of the silica mesostructure in the initial stages. High-angle X-ray diffraction shows that the folate template is well-ordered within the pores even after a few minutes of synthesis. Direct structural data for the self-assembly of folates into chiral tetramers within the pores of mesoporous silica provide evidence for the in register stacking of folate tetramers, resulting in a chiral surface of rotated tetramers, with a rotation angle of 30°. Additionally, the self-assembled folates within pores were capable of adsorbing a considerable amount of CO2 gas through the cavity space of the tetramers. The study demonstrates the validity of using a naturally occurring template to produce relevant and functional mesoporous materials.

  • 26.
    Baruah, Sunandan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Jaisai, Mayuree
    Center of Excellence in Nanotechnology, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani, Thailand.
    Dutta, Joydeep
    Center of Excellence in Nanotechnology, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani, Thailand, and Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.
    Development of a visible light active photocatalytic portable water purification unit using ZnO nanorods2012In: Catalysis Science & Technology, ISSN 2044-4753, Vol. 2, no 5, 918-921 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A ZnO nanorods based water purification unit was designed which operates with solar energy as the source of activation. The purifier was tested on two model bacteria Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus with concentration as high as 10(10) colony forming units (CFU) per litre, which is about 10(5) times higher than the bacterial concentration in tap water. Up to 99% (0.99 x 10(10) CFU L-1) removal of viable bacterial cells was achieved under sunlight activation.

  • 27.
    Basu, Alex
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Ferraz, Natalia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Ion-crosslinked nanocellulose hydrogels for biomedical applications2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Basu, Alex
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Ferraz, Natalia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Nanofibrillated cellulose hydrogels for wound healing solutions: the status quo and future prospects2015In: Uppsala Biomaterials Conference 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Basu, Alex
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Ferraz, Natalia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Nanocellulose hydrogels for topical wound care applications2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Basu, Alex
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Ferraz, Natalia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Nanocellulose hydrogels for wound-healing applications2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Basu, Alex
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Ferraz, Natalia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Nanocellulose hydrogels: preparation, characterization and cytotoxicity studies toward biomedical applications2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Basu, Alex
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Tummala, Gopi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Heitz, Karen
    Gustafsson, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strietzel, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Yang, Jiaojiao
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Notfors, Celina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Wang, Huan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Miljövänliga nanomaterial från växtriket tillåter gröna alternative för framtiden2017In: SciFest 2017 / [ed] Uppsala Universitet, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Bayrak Pehlivan, I.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Marsal, R.
    Pehlivan, E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Runnerstrom, E. L.
    Milliron, D. J.
    Granqvist, C.-G.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Niklasson, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Electrochromic Devices with Polymer Electrolytes Functionalized by SiO2 and In2O3:Sn Nanoparticles: Rapid Coloration/Bleaching Dynamics and Strong Near-Infrared Absorption2014In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, E-ISSN 1879-3398, Vol. 126, 241-247 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Bayrak Pehlivan, İlknur
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Functionalization of polymer electrolytes for electrochromic windows2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Saving energy in buildings is of great importance because about 30 to 40 % of the energy in the world is used in buildings. An electrochromic window (ECW), which makes it possible to regulate the inflow of visible light and solar energy into buildings, is a promising technology providing a reduction in energy consumption in buildings along with indoor comfort. A polymer electrolyte is positioned at the center of multi-layer structure of an ECW and plays a significant role in the working of the ECW.

    In this study, polyethyleneimine: lithium (bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide (PEI:LiTFSI)-based polymer electrolytes were characterized by using dielectric/impedance spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, viscosity recording, optical spectroscopy, and electrochromic measurements.

    In the first part of the study, PEI:LiTFSI electrolytes were characterized at various salt concentrations and temperatures. Temperature dependence of viscosity and ionic conductivity of the electrolytes followed Arrhenius behavior. The viscosity was modeled by the Bingham plastic equation. Molar conductivity, glass transition temperature, viscosity, Walden product, and iso-viscosity conductivity analysis showed effects of segmental flexibility, ion pairs, and mobility on the conductivity. A connection between ionic conductivity and ion-pair relaxation was seen by means of (i) the Barton-Nakajima-Namikawa relation, (ii) activation energies of the bulk relaxation, and ionic conduction and (iii) comparing two equivalent circuit models, containing different types of Havriliak-Negami elements, for the bulk response.

    In the second part, nanocomposite PEI:LiTFSI electrolytes with SiO2, In2O3, and In2O3:Sn (ITO) were examined. Adding SiO2 to the PEI:LiTFSI enhanced the ionic conductivity by an order of magnitude without any degradation of the optical properties. The effect of segmental flexibility and free ion concentration on the conduction in the presence of SiO2 is discussed. The PEI:LiTFSI:ITO electrolytes had high haze-free luminous transmittance and strong near-infrared absorption without diminished ionic conductivity. Ionic conductivity and optical clarity did not deteriorate for the PEI:LiTFSI:In2O3 and the PEI:LiTFSI:SiO2:ITO electrolytes.

    Finally, propylene carbonate (PC) and ethylene carbonate (EC) were added to PEI:LiTFSI in order to perform electrochromic measurements. ITO and SiO2 were added to the PEI:LiTFSI:PC:EC and to a proprietary electrolyte. The nanocomposite electrolytes were tested for ECWs with the configuration of the ECWs being plastic/ITO/WO3/polymer electrolyte/NiO (or IrO2)/ITO/plastic. It was seen that adding nanoparticles to polymer electrolytes can improve the coloring/bleaching dynamics of the ECWs.

    From this study, we show that nanocomposite polymer electrolytes can add new functionalities as well as enhancement in ECW applications.

    List of papers
    1. PEI-LiTFSI electrolytes for electrochromic devices: Characterization by differential scanning calorimetry and viscosity measurements
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>PEI-LiTFSI electrolytes for electrochromic devices: Characterization by differential scanning calorimetry and viscosity measurements
    Show others...
    2010 (English)In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, E-ISSN 1879-3398, Vol. 94, no 12, 2399-2404 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Polymer electrolytes containing poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) and lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide (LiTFSI) can serve as model electrolytes for electrochromic devices. Such electrolytes were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, conductivity, and viscosity measurements. The glass transition temperature (T-g) and viscosity of the PEI-LiTESI electrolytes have minima at a [N]:[Li] ratio of 100:1. Both T-g and viscosity increased at high salt concentrations. The temperature dependences of ionic conductivity and viscosity followed an Arrhenius equation with parameters depending only weakly on the salt concentration. The fluid behavior of the electrolytes could be reconciled with the Bingham plastic model with parameters being functions of salt concentration.

    Keyword
    Polymer electrolyte, Electrochromic, Smart window, PEI, DSC, Viscosity
    National Category
    Chemical Sciences Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135307 (URN)10.1016/j.solmat.2010.08.025 (DOI)000283959500066 ()
    Available from: 2011-09-21 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2016-04-18Bibliographically approved
    2. Ion conduction of branched polyethyleneimine-lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide electrolytes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ion conduction of branched polyethyleneimine-lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide electrolytes
    Show others...
    2011 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 1873-3859, Vol. 57, 201-206 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Ionic conductivity of polymer electrolytes containing branched poly (ethylene imine) (BPEI) and lithium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) was measured between temperatures of 20 and 70◦C and molar ratios of 20:1 and 400:1. The electrolytes were characterized by impedance spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and viscosity measurements. At room temperature, the maximum conductivity was 2×10−6 S/cm at a molar ratio of 50:1. The molar conductivity of the electrolytes displayed first a minimum and then a maximum upon increasing salt concentration. A proportionality of molar conductivity to segmental mobility was seen from glass transition temperature and viscosity measurements. Analysis of the Walden product and isoviscosity conductivity showed that the percentage of ions bound in ion pairs increased at low concentrations below 0.1 mol/kg. The average dipole moment decreased with salt concentration. The temperature dependence of the ionic conductivity showed an Arrhenius behavior.

    Keyword
    Ionic conductivity, Poly (ethylene imine), Arrhenius behavior, Walden rule, Ion pairing
    National Category
    Other Materials Engineering
    Research subject
    Chemistry with specialization in Polymer Chemistry; Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-163443 (URN)10.1016/j.electacta.2011.04.040 (DOI)000298463900029 ()
    Available from: 2011-12-12 Created: 2011-12-12 Last updated: 2016-04-19Bibliographically approved
    3. Ionic relaxation in polyethyleneimine-lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide polymer electrolytes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ionic relaxation in polyethyleneimine-lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide polymer electrolytes
    Show others...
    2010 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 108, no 7, 074102- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Polymer electrolytes containing polyethyleneimine and different concentrations of lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide were investigated by impedance spectroscopy at different temperatures. Two equivalent circuit models were compared for the bulk impedance response. The first one includes a conductive Havriliak-Negami (HN) element which represents ionic conductivity and ion pair relaxation in a single process, and the second model includes a dielectric HN element, which represents ion pair relaxation, in parallel with ion conductivity. Comparison of the two circuit models showed that the quality of the fit was similar and in some cases better for the conductive model. The experimental data follow the Barton-Nakajima-Namikawa relation, which relates the ion conductivity and the parameters of the relaxation. This indicates that ion conductivity and ion pair relaxation are two parts of the same process and should be described by the conductive model.

    National Category
    Physical Sciences Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-133611 (URN)10.1063/1.3490133 (DOI)000283222200101 ()
    Available from: 2011-09-21 Created: 2010-11-11 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved
    4. [PEI-SiO2]:[LiTFSI] nanocomposite polymer electrolytes: Ion conduction and optical properties
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>[PEI-SiO2]:[LiTFSI] nanocomposite polymer electrolytes: Ion conduction and optical properties
    Show others...
    2012 (English)In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, Vol. 98, 465-471 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Ion conductivity and optical properties were investigated for polymer electrolytes based on poly (ethyleneimine) and lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and also containing up to 9 wt.% of 7-nm-diameter SiO2 nanoparticles. The [N]:[Li] molar ratio was kept constant at 50:1. Impedance measurements were performed in the frequency range 10(-2)-10(7) Hz and between the temperatures 20 and 70 degrees C with an applied ac voltage of 1 V. Spectrophotometric data of total and diffuse transmittance were taken between the wavelengths 300 and 2500 nm. The bulk impedance was fitted to a conductive Havriliak-Negami circuit model. The ion conductivity increased monotonically for increasing SiO2 contents: specifically its room temperature value went from 8.5 x 10(-7) S/cm without nanoparticles to 3.8 x 10(-5) S/cm for 8 wt.% of SiO2 while the diffuse transmittance remained at similar to 1% so that optical clarity prevailed.

    Keyword
    Polymer electrolyte, Nanocomposite, PEI, LiTFSI, SiO2
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Research subject
    Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-171404 (URN)10.1016/j.solmat.2011.11.021 (DOI)000300536500065 ()
    Available from: 2012-03-20 Created: 2012-03-19 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved
    5. Ion conduction mechanism of nanocomposite polymer electrolytes comprised of polyethyleneimine–lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and silica
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ion conduction mechanism of nanocomposite polymer electrolytes comprised of polyethyleneimine–lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and silica
    2014 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 0019-4686, Vol. 119, 164-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    National Category
    Nano Technology
    Research subject
    Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-204451 (URN)10.1016/j.electacta.2013.12.032 (DOI)000335877000023 ()
    Available from: 2013-08-05 Created: 2013-08-05 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved
    6. A polymer electrolyte with high luminous transmittance and low solar throughput: Polyethyleneimine-lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide with In2O3:Sn nanocrystals
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A polymer electrolyte with high luminous transmittance and low solar throughput: Polyethyleneimine-lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide with In2O3:Sn nanocrystals
    Show others...
    2012 (English)In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 100, no 24, 241902- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Chemically prepared similar to 13-nm-diameter nanocrystals of In2O3:Sn were included in a polyethyleneiminelithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide electrolyte and yielded high haze-free luminous transmittance and strong near-infrared absorption without deteriorated ionic conductivity. The optical properties could be reconciled with effective medium theory, representing the In2O3:Sn as a free electron plasma with tin ions screened according to the random phase approximation corrected for electron exchange. This type of polymer electrolyte is of large interest for opto-ionic devices such as laminated electrochromic smart windows.

    National Category
    Physical Sciences Engineering and Technology
    Research subject
    Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178647 (URN)10.1063/1.4728994 (DOI)000305269200024 ()
    Available from: 2012-08-02 Created: 2012-08-01 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved
    7. Electrochromic Devices with Polymer Electrolytes Functionalized by SiO2 and In2O3:Sn Nanoparticles: Rapid Coloring/Bleaching Dynamics and Strong Near-Infrared Absorption
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electrochromic Devices with Polymer Electrolytes Functionalized by SiO2 and In2O3:Sn Nanoparticles: Rapid Coloring/Bleaching Dynamics and Strong Near-Infrared Absorption
    Show others...
    2014 (English)In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, Vol. 126, 241-247 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We studied the optical properties and coloring/bleaching dynamics of electrochromic devices based on tungsten oxide and nickel oxide and incorporating polymer electrolytes functionalized by adding about one percent of nanoparticles of SiO2 (fumed silica) or In2O3:Sn. SiO2 improved the coloring/bleaching dynamics and In2O3:Sn quenched the near-infrared transmittance. Both of these effects can be important in electrochromic smart windows, and our results point at the advantage of a polymer laminated construction over a monolithic one.

    National Category
    Nano Technology
    Research subject
    Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-204448 (URN)10.1016/j.solmat.2013.06.010 (DOI)000338395100035 ()
    Conference
    10th International Meeting on Electrochromism (IME), Holland, MI, August 12-16, 2012
    Available from: 2013-08-05 Created: 2013-08-05 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved
  • 35.
    Bayrak Pehlivan, Ilknur
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Granqvist, Claes-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Niklasson, Gunnar A
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Ion conduction mechanism of nanocomposite polymer electrolytes comprised of polyethyleneimine–lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and silica2014In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 0019-4686, Vol. 119, 164-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Bejhed Stjernberg, Rebecca
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Svedlindh, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Ahlford, Annika
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Biochem & Biophys, Sci Life Lab, Solna, Sweden..
    Strömberg, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Magnetic nanobeads present during enzymatic amplification and labeling for a simplified DNA detection protocol based on AC susceptometry2015In: AIP Advances, ISSN 2158-3226, E-ISSN 2158-3226, Vol. 5, no 12, 127139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Magnetic biosensors are promising candidates for low-cost point-of-care biodiagnostic devices. For optimal efficiency it is crucial to minimize the time and complexity of the assay protocol including target recognition, amplification, labeling and read-out. In this work, possibilities for protocol simplifications for a DNA biodetection principle relying on hybridization of magnetic nanobeads to rolling circle amplification (RCA) products are investigated. The target DNA is recognized through a padlock ligation assay resulting in DNA circles serving as templates for the RCA process. It is found that beads can be present during amplification without noticeably interfering with the enzyme used for RCA (phi29 polymerase). As a result, the bead-coil hybridization can be performed immediately after amplification in a one-step manner at elevated temperature within a few minutes prior to read-out in an AC susceptometer setup, i.e. a combined protocol approach. Moreover, by recording the phase angle xi = arctan(chi ''/chi'), where chi and chi '' are the in-phase and out-of-phase components of the AC susceptibility, respectively, at one single frequency the total assay time for the optimized combined protocol would be no more than 1.5 hours, often a relevant time frame for diagnosis of cancer and infectious disease. Also, applying the phase angle method normalization of AC susceptibility data is not needed. These findings are useful for the development of point-of-care biodiagnostic devices relying on bead-coil binding and magnetic AC susceptometry.

  • 37.
    Bhandary, Sumanta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Penazzi, Gabriele
    Univ Bremen, BCCMS, D-28359 Bremen, Germany..
    Fransson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Frauenheim, Thomas
    Univ Bremen, BCCMS, D-28359 Bremen, Germany..
    Eriksson, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Sanyal, Biplab
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Controlling Electronic Structure and Transport Properties of Zigzag Graphene Nanoribbons by Edge Functionalization with Fluorine2015In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 119, no 36, 21227-21233 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we report a detailed study of the electronic structure and transport properties of mono- and difluorinated edges of zigzag graphene nanoribbons (ZGNR) using density functional theory (DFT). The calculated formation energies at 0 K indicate that the stability of the nanoribbons increases with the increase in the concentration of difluorinated edge C atoms along with an interesting variation of the energy gaps between 0.0 to 0.66 eV depending on the concentration. This gives a possibility of tuning the band gaps by controlling the concentration of F for terminating the edges of the nanoribbons. The DFT results have been reproduced by density functional tight binding method. Using the nonequilibrium Green functional method, we have calculated the transmission coefficients of several mono- and difluorinated ZGNR as a function of unit cell size and degree of homogeneous disorder caused by the random placement of mono and difluorinated C atoms at the edges.

  • 38.
    Bi, Dongqin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström.
    El-Zohry, Ahmed M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Improved Morphology Control Using a Modified Two-Step Method for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells2014In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 6, no 21, 18751-18757 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A two-step wet chemical synthesis method for methylammonium lead(II) triiodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite is further developed for the preparation of highly reproducible solar cells, with the following structure: fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)/TiO2 (compact)/TiO2 (mesoporous)/CH3NH3PbI3/spiro-OMeTAD/Ag. The morphology of the perovskite layer could be controlled by careful variation of the processing conditions. Specifically, by modifying the drying process and inclusion of a dichloromethane treatment, more uniform films could be prepared, with longer emission lifetime in the perovskite material and longer electron lifetime in solar cell devices, as well as faster electron transport and enhanced charge collection at the selective contacts. Solar cell efficiencies up to 13.5% were obtained.

  • 39.
    Bjärnhall Prytz, Nicklas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Interactions of cellulose and aromatic organic molecules modelled with density functional theory: A computational study2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the interaction energies between aromatic organic molecules (AOMs) and cellulose are explored using density functional theory (DFT) through the software SIESTA and the exchange-correlational functional VDW-DRSLL. Three AOMs will be modelled: benzene, benzamide and benzoic acid. Firstly, the interaction energies of the dimers of the AOMs are determined. Then, the obtained interaction energies of the cellulose-AOM complexes are compared to the former in order to decide which interaction is stronger. It is found that the studied AOMs are more likely to interact with cellulose than with another identical monomer; benzamide has the highest propensity to interact, followed by benzoic acid and benzene. Furthermore, for all interaction energy calculations a counterpoise correction term will be introduced as an addition to the SIESTA optimisation and it will be shown that without this correction the acquired energy minima will deviate significantly from accepted values from previous studies.

  • 40.
    Blom, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Jafri, Hassan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Leifer, Klaus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Welch, Ken
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Systematic assessment of trapped gold nanoparticles in a nanogap platform for electrical characterization of conducting and non-conducting moleculesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Blom, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Jafri, Hassan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Widenkvist, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Jansson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Grennberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
    Quinlan, R A
    Holloway, B C
    Leifer, Klaus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    An In-Situ Prepared Nano-Manipulator Tip for Electrical Characterization of Free Standing Graphene Like Sheets Inside a Focused Ion Beam/Scanning Electron Microscope2011In: Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics, ISSN 1555-130X, E-ISSN 1555-1318, Vol. 6, no 2, 162-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although contacting and moving atoms has been demonstrated using probe techniques, for many nano-objects, a fast and reproducible nano-probe technique is needed to acquire a large number of electrical measurements on nano-objects that are often similar but not the identical. Nano-manipulators have become a common tool in many scanning electron microscopes (SEM) and focussed ion beam devices (FIB). They can be rapidly and reproducibly moved from one nano-object to another. In this work we present a procedure to obtain reproducible electrical measurements of nano- to micron-sized objects by using a sharp, tungsten tip with well defined surface properties. The tip is a part of a manipulator and is sharpened in-situ by using the gallium ion beam inside a focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope (FIB/SEM). The contact resistance between a Au surface and the tip is 70 kΩ before the sharpening procedure and 10 Ω after sharpening. The leakage current of the total set-up of 10pA makes it possible to measure currents through a variety of nano-objects. This measurement technique is applied to measure the resistance of as grown, water treated and two HCl treated carbon nanosheets (CNS). These CNS vary in size and morphology. Using this nano-contacting set-up, we could obtain measurements of more than 400 different CNS. The obtained histograms allow us to observe a clear decrease of the resistance between original and 3 hour acid treated CNSs. We observe that longer periods of exposure of the CNS to the HCl do not further modify the resistance.

  • 42.
    Blom, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Jafri, S.H. M
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    di Cristo, V.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Leifer, Klaus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    In-situ electrical characterization during defect insertion in exfoliated graphene sheets with a focused gallium ion beam at room and cryogenic temperaturesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Blom, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Jafri, S.H. M
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Körber, N.
    Leifer, Klaus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
    Fabrication and characterization of high resistance sub-5 nm gaps made by electrodeposition of gold in 30 nm gaps cut by using a focused gallium ion beamManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Braesch-Andersen, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Magnetic fluids under applied field studied by light scattering and microscopy2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The optical response of several magnetic nanoparticle dispersions is studied by angle resolved transmittance at wavelength of 600 nm in zero-field and under an applied magnetic field of 0.1 T, with the purpose of exploring to what extent this could be used as a method of monitoring the colloidal dispersions. In an external magnetic field, magnetic particles will start to order into needle-like structures aligned with the field, which was observed by microscopy. This will change the light scattering caused by the particles. Results showed a clear effect from applying the magnetic field by a dip in the transmitted intensity at angles around 3-5 degrees. The scattering is compared to that of a homogeneous infinite cylinder and theoretical explanations to the effect are discussed. Spectrophotometry at wavelengths between 300-1100 nm is performed and compared with calculations from Kubelka-Munk approximation to give a first characterization of the particle dispersions. Particles used in this project are magnetite, Fe3O4, and maghemite, gamma-Fe2O3, nanoparticles with sizes ranging from 5-250 nm.

  • 45.
    Brohede, Ulrika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Atluri, Rambabu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Garcia Bennett, Alfonso
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Sustained Release from Mesosporous Nanoparticles: evaluation of structural properties associated with controlled release rate2008In: Current Drug Delivery, ISSN 1567-2018, E-ISSN 1875-5704, Vol. 5, no 3, 177-185 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present here a detailed study of the controlled release of amino acid derived amphiphilic molecules from the internal pore structure of mesoporous nanoparticle drug delivery systems with different structural properties; namely cubic and hexagonal structures of various degrees of complexity. The internal pore surface of the nanomaterials presented has been functionalised with amine moieties through a one pot method. Release profiles obtained by Alternating Ionic Current measurements are interpreted in terms of specific structural and textural parameters of the porous nanoparticles such as pore geometry and connectivity. Results indicate that diffusion coefficients are lower by as much as four orders of magnitude in 2-dimensional structures in comparison to 3-dimensional mesoporous solids. A fast release in turn is observed from mesocaged materials AMS-9 and AMS-8 where the presence of structural defects is thought to lead to a slightly lower diffusion coefficient in the latter. Amount of pore wall functionalisation and number of binding sites on the model drug are found to have little effect on the drug release rate.

  • 46.
    Cai, Yanling
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysis in Biomaterials Applications2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite extensive preventative efforts, the problem of controlling infections associated with biomedical materials persists. Bacteria tend to colonize on biocompatible materials and form biofilms; thus, novel biomaterials with antibacterial properties are of great interest. In this thesis, titanium dioxide (TiO2)-associated photocatalysis under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation was investigated as a strategy for developing bioactivity and antibacterial properties on biomaterials. Although much of the work was specifically directed towards dental materials, the results presented are applicable to a wide range of biomaterial applications.

    Most of the experimental work in the thesis was based on a resin-TiO2 nanocomposite that was prepared by adding 20 wt% TiO2 nanoparticles to a resin-based polymer material. Tests showed that the addition of the nanoparticles endowed the adhesive material with photocatalytic activity without affecting the functional bonding strength. Subsequent studies indicated a number of additional beneficial properties associated with the nanocomposite that appear promising for biomaterial applications. For example, irradiation with UV light induced bioactivity on the otherwise non-bioactive nanocomposite; this was indicated by hydroxyapatite formation on the surface following soaking in Dulbecco’s phosphate-buffered saline. Under UV irradiation, the resin-TiO2 nanocomposite provided effective antibacterial action against both planktonic and biofilm bacteria. UV irradiation of the nanocomposite also provided a prolonged antibacterial effect that continued after removal of the UV light source. UV treatment also reduced bacterial adhesion to the resin-TiO2 surface.

    The mechanisms involved in the antibacterial effects of TiO2 photocatalysis were studied by investigating the specific contributions of the photocatalytic reaction products (the reactive oxygen species) and their disinfection kinetics. Methods of improving the viability analysis of bacteria subjected to photocatalysis were also developed. 

    List of papers
    1. Dental adhesives with bioactive and on-demand bactericidal properties
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dental adhesives with bioactive and on-demand bactericidal properties
    2010 (English)In: Dental Materials, ISSN 0109-5641, E-ISSN 1879-0097, Vol. 26, no 5, 491-499 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of the present work was to perform the first in vitro evaluation of a new interfacial bond-promoting material-and-method concept for on-demand long term bacteria inhibition in dental restoration procedures. Methods: The bioactivity, mechanical bonding strength and photocatalytic bactericidal properties, induced by low dose ultraviolet-A (UV-A) irradiation of dental adhesives containing crystalline titania nanoparticles (NPs), were analyzed. Results: Dental adhesives with a NP content of 20 wt% were shown to be bioactive in terms of spontaneous hydroxylapatite formation upon storage in simulated body fluid and the bioactivity was found to be promoted by chemical etching of the adhesives. The mechanical bonding strength between the adhesives and a HA tooth model was shown to be unaffected by the NPs up to a NP content of 30 wt%. Elimination of Staphylococcus epidermidis in contact with the adhesives was found to depend both on UV photocatalytic irradiation intensity and time. Efficient elimination of the bacteria could be achieved using a UV-A dose of 4.5 J/cm2 which is about 6 times below the safe maximum UV dose according to industry guidelines, and 20 times below the average UV-A dose received during an ordinary sun bed session. Significance: The combined features of bioactivity and on-demand bactericidal effect should open up the potential to create dental adhesives that reduce the incidence of secondary caries and promote closure of gaps forming at the interface towards the tooth via remineralization of adjacent tooth substance, as well as prevention of bacterial infections via on-demand UV-A irradiation.

    Keyword
    Antibacterial, Bioactivity, Dental adhesive, Nanoparticles, Photocatalysis, Titanium oxide
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Research subject
    Materials Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-121515 (URN)10.1016/j.dental.2010.01.008 (DOI)000275815300012 ()20189237 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2010-03-24 Created: 2010-03-24 Last updated: 2016-11-30Bibliographically approved
    2. Photocatalysis induces bioactivity of an organic polymer based material
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Photocatalysis induces bioactivity of an organic polymer based material
    Show others...
    2014 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, no 101, 57715-57723 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Several materials, like bioglasses, sintered hydroxyapatite and Ti metals and alloys, have the ability to bond to living bone in vivo, which is a desirable property of biomaterials called bioactivity. In this work, we present a novel strategy to develop bioactivity on the non-bioactive surface of a resin-TiO2 nanocomposite through photocatalysis. The results show that UV irradiation (365 nm, 10 mW cm(-2)) for 8 to 16 h on the resin-TiO2 nanocomposite immersed in water induces bioactivity as indicated by hydroxyapatite growth following immersion of the samples in Dulbecco's phosphate buffered saline for 7 days at 37 degrees C. While a nonirradiated resin-TiO2 surface did not show any hydroxyapatite deposition, a surface after 16 h of UV irradiation was fully covered by hydroxyapatite. In vitro cell adhesion of osteoblast-like MG63 cells confirmed the biocompatibility and bioactivity of the resin-TiO2 surfaces with a hydroxyapatite deposition layer, while the non-irradiated resin-TiO2 surface showed no cell adhesion. Resin-TiO2 nanocomposites, with or without UV irradiation, proved to be nontoxic to two human cell lines, human dermal fibroblasts (hDF) and MG63 cells. It was also shown that an increased dose of UV irradiation decreased bacterial adhesion, which is an additional benefit of the UV treatment and a favourable property for biomedical applications. The combined benefits of biocompatibility, bioactivity, decreased bacterial adhesion and the highly efficient disinfection property of TiO2 photocatalysis under UV light make this resin-TiO2 material an interesting candidate for implant and biomedical device applications.

    National Category
    Materials Engineering
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197798 (URN)10.1039/c4ra08805k (DOI)000345651600048 ()
    Available from: 2013-04-04 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2016-11-30Bibliographically approved
    3. A Method for Quantitative Determination of Biofilm Viability
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Method for Quantitative Determination of Biofilm Viability
    2012 (English)In: Journal of Functional Biomaterials, ISSN 2079-4983, Vol. 3, no 2, 418-431 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    National Category
    Nano Technology
    Research subject
    Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182501 (URN)10.3390/jfb3020418 (DOI)
    Available from: 2012-10-11 Created: 2012-10-11 Last updated: 2016-11-30Bibliographically approved
    4. Bacteria viability assessment after photocatalytic treatment
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bacteria viability assessment after photocatalytic treatment
    2014 (English)In: 3 Biotech, ISSN 2190-5738, E-ISSN 2190-5738, Vol. 4, no 2, 149-157 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present work was to evaluate several methods for analyzing the viability of bacteria after antibacterial photocatalytic treatment. Colony-forming unit (CFU) counting, metabolic activity assays based on resazurin and phenol red and the Live/Dead® BacLight™ bacterial viability assay (Live/Dead staining) were employed to assess photocatalytically treated Staphylococcus epidermidis and Streptococcus mutans. The results showed conformity between CFU counting and the metabolic activity assays, while Live/Dead staining showed a significantly higher viability post-treatment. This indicates that the Live/Dead staining test may not be suitable for assessing bacterial viability after photocatalytic treatment and that, in general, care should be taken when selecting a method for determining the viability of bacteria subjected to photocatalysis. The present findings are expected to become valuable for the development and evaluation of photocatalytically based disinfection applications

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2014
    National Category
    Biomaterials Science Engineering and Technology
    Research subject
    Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197796 (URN)10.1007/s13205-013-0137-1 (DOI)000358045200005 ()
    Funder
    Carl Tryggers foundation Göran Gustafsson Foundation for promotion of scientific research at Uppala University and Royal Institute of TechnologySwedish Research CouncilVINNOVASwedish Foundation for Strategic Research
    Available from: 2013-04-04 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2017-07-05Bibliographically approved
    5. Photocatalytic inactivation of biofilms on bioactive dental adhesives
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Photocatalytic inactivation of biofilms on bioactive dental adhesives
    Show others...
    2014 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B - Applied biomaterials, ISSN 1552-4973, E-ISSN 1552-4981, Vol. 102, no 1, 62-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Biofilms are the most prevalent mode of microbial life in nature and are 10-1000 times more resistant to antibiotics than planktonic bacteria. Persistent biofilm growth associated at the margin of a dental restoration often leads to secondary caries, which remains a challenge in restorative dentistry. In this work, we present the first in vitro evaluation of on-demand photocatalytic inactivation of biofilm on a novel dental adhesive containing TiO2 nanoparticles. Streptococcus mutans biofilm was cultured on this photocatalytic surface for 16 h before photocatalytic treatment with ultraviolet-A (UV-A) light. UV-A doses ranging from 3 to 43 J/cm(2) were applied to the surface and the resulting viability of biofilms was evaluated with a metabolic activity assay incorporating phenol red that provided a quantitative measure of the reduction in viability due to the photocatalytic treatments. We show that an UV-A irradiation dose of 8.4 J/cm(2) leads to one order of magnitude reduction in the number of biofilm bacteria on the surface of the dental adhesives while as much as 5-6 orders of magnitude reduction in the corresponding number can be achieved with a dose of 43 J/cm(2). This material maintains its functional properties as an adhesive in restorative dentistry while offering the possibility of a novel dental procedure in the treatment or prevention of bacterial infections via on-demand UV-A irradiation. Similar materials could be developed for the treatment of additional indications such as peri-implantits.

    Keyword
    photocatalysis, titanium dioxide, biofilm inactivation, Streptococcus mutans, metabolic activity assay
    National Category
    Biomaterials Science Engineering and Technology
    Research subject
    Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197797 (URN)10.1002/jbm.b.32980 (DOI)000328153100007 ()23847027 (PubMedID)
    Funder
    Carl Tryggers foundation Göran Gustafsson Foundation for promotion of scientific research at Uppala University and Royal Institute of TechnologySwedish Research CouncilVINNOVASwedish Foundation for Strategic Research
    Available from: 2013-04-04 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2017-07-05Bibliographically approved
    6. Disinfection Kinetics and Contribution ofReactive Oxygen Species When EliminatingBacteria with TiO2 Induced Photocatalysis
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disinfection Kinetics and Contribution ofReactive Oxygen Species When EliminatingBacteria with TiO2 Induced Photocatalysis
    2014 (English)In: Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, ISSN 2158-7027, E-ISSN 2158-7043, Vol. 5, no 3, 200-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Titania (TiO2) induced photocatalysis has been widely investigated and applied as a disinfectionstrategy in many industrial and clinical applications. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydroxylradicals (•OH), superoxide radicals ( •−2 O ) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), generated in thephotocatalytic reaction process are considered to be the active components prompting the bactericidaleffect. In the present work, the kinetics of photocatalytic inactivation of Staphylococcus epidermidisand specific contributions of •OH, •−2 O and H2O2 to the bactericidal process were studiedusing two disinfection settings sutilizing photocatalytic resin-TiO2 nanocomposite surfacesand suspended TiO2 nanoparticles, respectively. In antibacterial tests against S. epidermidis with alayer of bacterial suspension on the resin-TiO2 surfaces, H2O2 was found to be the most efficientROS component contributing to the antibacterial effect. Disinfection kinetics showed a two-stepbehavior with an initial region having a lower disinfection rate followed by a higher rate regionafter 10 min of UV irradiation. By contrast, in antibacterial tests with suspended bacteria andphotocatalytic TiO2 nanoparticles, •OH and H2O2 showed equal significance in the bacterial inactivationhaving a typical Chick-Watson disinfection kinetics behavior with a steady disinfection rate.The results contribute to the understanding of the bactericidal mechanism and kinetics of photocatalyticdisinfection that are essential for designing specific antibacterial applications of photocatalyticmaterials.

    National Category
    Materials Engineering Nano Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197799 (URN)10.4236/jbnb.2014.53024 (DOI)
    Available from: 2013-04-04 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2016-11-30Bibliographically approved
    7. Post-UV antibacterial properties of a resin-TiO2 nanocomposite
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post-UV antibacterial properties of a resin-TiO2 nanocomposite
    (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
    National Category
    Materials Engineering
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197800 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-04-04 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2013-08-30Bibliographically approved
  • 47.
    Cai, Yanling
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Engqvist, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Welch, Ken
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Analyzing the viability of bacteria after TiO2 induced photocatalysis2012In: European Cells and Materials, ISSN 1473-2262, Vol. 23, no Suppl.5, 31- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Cai, Yanling
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Engqvist, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Welch, Ken
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Biofilm susceptibility to photocatalytic dental mateirals2011In: European Cells and Materials, ISSN 1473-2262, Vol. 21, no Suppl.1, 55- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Cai, Yanling
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Engqvist, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Welch, Ken
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    TiO2 surface for biofilm elimination, quantified by a novel method2012In: 9th World Biomaterials Congress, June 1-6, Chengdu, China, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Cai, Yanling
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Engqvist, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Strømme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Welch, Ken
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Analyzing the viability of bacteria after TiO2 induced photocatalysis2012In: Scandinavian Society for Biomaterials 5th annual meeting, 2012, Uppsala, Sweden, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
1234567 1 - 50 of 736
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