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  • 1.
    Abdallah, Ali
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    The perception of Nuclear powerin Sweden: How engineering students view it2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nuclear power has been an important part of the electricity generatingin Sweden in almost half a century. However, the use of nuclear powerraises many complex issues such as economy, accident risks, andradioactive waste management and storage. Nuclear power has thereforebeen debated intensively in Sweden as in many other countries since the1970s. Several countries have changed their nuclear policy and starteddecommissioning programs following the nuclear accident in Fukushimaback in 2011. Citizens' support for nuclear power has declined worldwidein last few years, including in Sweden. This study aims to investigatethe perception of nuclear power among engineering students and showsthat the majority of engineering students, who generally are positivetowards technology, have been affected by their surrounding and areagainst nuclear power. Engineering students in general, both supportersand opponents of nuclear power, agree that Sweden should gradually phaseout nuclear power and replace it by renewable energy sources.

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  • 2.
    Aboud, Mathilde
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Corporate Sustainability as a Foresight Activity: Can Corporate Sustainability help companies survive in an increasingly competitive environment?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In many corporations, sustainability has become an important activity to focuson, with the aim of preparing corporations for the future. Foresight, a newerfield, is increasingly becoming an important activity of corporations, with thepurpose of surviving long-term. These motives make companies’ involvement with corporate sustainability and with corporate foresight fundamental. However, because foresight is a recent field, it implies processes that are less mastered by professionals than sustainability.

    Since the motives of corporate sustainability and corporate foresight are similar, the purpose of this thesis is therefore to understand if corporate sustainability can contribute to corporate foresight implementation. Specifically, the purpose of this thesis is to identify which corporate sustainability (CS) activities can be integrated to which corporate foresight (CF) activities, to facilitate and foster foresight.

    Consequently, the contributions of the research consist in extending the knowledge about sustainability as a foresight activity and in proposing suggestions to incorporate sustainability to foresight activities.

    This study reviews several CS frameworks and several CF frameworks, provides a deeper understanding of the underlying processes needed for the implementation of CS and CF, and identifies the similarities. The study specifically builds on the Maturity Model of Corporate Foresight from the book Corporate Foresight – Towards a Maturity Model for the Future Orientation of a Firm from Rohrbeck (2010). Based on the theoretical findings, qualitative interviews of sustainability professionals are carried out. Those interviews are meant to test the theoretical findings.

    The research provides knowledge on the management of corporate foresightby providing insights on foresight practices that benefit from incorporating sustainability practices. The conclusion of the paper consists in a model thatpresents explicit ways in which corporate sustainability contributes tocorporate foresight. In fact, it is shown that corporate sustainability fosters strong internal and external networks and creates a corporate culture favourable to change. Internal and external networks facilitate cross-functional collaboration and communication; and employees favourable to change are more open to new ideas; both being key for foresight implementation. Thus, Corporate Sustainability supports Corporate Foresight because it sets up a favourable corporate culture, and because it paves the way for appropriate work processes (internal and external collaboration for instance).

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  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Scientific Computing.
    Using Function as a Service for Dynamic Application Scaling in the Cloud2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Function as a Service is a new addition to cloud services that allow a user to execute code in form of a function, in the cloud. All underlying complexity is handled by the cloud provider and the user only pay per use. Cloud services have been growing significantly over the past years and many companies want to take advantages of the benefits of the cloud. The cloud services deliver computing resources as a service over a network connection, often by the Internet. To use the benefit of the cloud, one can not just move an application to the cloud and think that it will solve itself. First of all, an application needs to be optimized to be able to take advantages of the cloud. Therefore, together with Tieto, a microservice architecture have been the main architectural pattern when Function as a Service has been evaluated. A major problem with applications, both application built with a monolithic and microservice architecture, is to handle great amounts of information flows. An application may have scaling issues when an information flow becomes too large.

    A person using Function as a Service does not have to buy, rent or maintain their own servers. However, Function as a Service has a certain memory and runtime restrictions, so an entire application cannot be applied to a Function as a Service. This thesis examines the possibility of using Function as a Service in different architectural environments and estimating the cost of it. Function as a Service is a new addition to cloud services, so cloud providers are also compared and evaluated in terms of the Function as a Service functionality. Function as a Service has been tested directly on various

    cloud platforms and even developed and executed locally, encapsulated in containers. The results show that Function as a Service is a good complement to an application architecture. The results also show that Function as a Service is highly flexible and cost-effective, and it is advantageous compared to physical servers and Virtual Machines. Depending on how a function is built, the developer can lower the cost even more by choosing the cloud supplier that fits best for their use. With the flexibility of Function as a Service, applications can handle greater information flow without bottlenecks in the infrastructure and therefore, becomes more efficient and cost-effective. 

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  • 4.
    Abu Al Shaikh, Ahmed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    A summary of and a phenomenological study on ethics within the project management practitioner community2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Project managers typically work under constant and strict time, money and quality pressures which can, alongside other factors, lead to professional ethics within the project environment taking a backseat. This paper provides an overview on ethics; project management and ethics within project management with focus on the conventional vs. alternative deliberations taking place in this field of study. Fixed codes of ethics; rationalist-derived standards which are imposed on the field vs. Aristotelian (and other accounts of) virtue ethics are covered. The paper also provides an account of the epistemological shift that has been deemed necessary due to the existential disruptions being caused by the rising rates of failure in projects across multiple industries under the conventional metalanguage: from a natural sciences perspective toward a more existentially-derived phenomenological attitude in the hopes of coming to a better theoretical and practical understanding of project management. The paper finally utilizes a phenomenological analysis methodology after interviewing seven experienced project managers working in different fields while summarizing the two splits present throughout the paper in a Dreyfusian-helped Coeckelberghian framework: with the ultimate aim of seeing how the phenomena of ethics are being experienced from within the project management practitioner world.

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  • 5.
    Abuzohri, Ahmed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Business Development: Market research & feasibility study of a PV-wind hybrid system for commercial use2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The definition of environmental sustainability has emerged strongly in the past decades. Industrial organizations worldwide have gone through a number of changes to take their social responsibilities and maintain sustainability by, among other things, replacing the conventional energy-based applications by renewable energy-based solutions. A so-called hybrid power system for electrification, consisting of wind turbines and solar panels, was developed by Vertical Wind AB to be installed on rooftops of residential buildings. The present thesis project analyzed the willingness of the large real estate companies in Uppsala region to adopt the new concept for electrification and conducted a market research on the new developed wind turbines, by Vertical Wind AB, in addition to solar- and wind resources in the target locations. It turned out that the willingness of having such a power system for electrification was high but not extremely high as expected and the hybrid power system was perceived as any other product or investment on the market where profitability is the vital decision parameter while the environmental aspect was slightly considered.

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  • 6.
    Ackeby, Susanne
    et al.
    STRI.
    Bollen, Math
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Munkhammar, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Prosumer with demand-response:Distribution network impact and mitigation2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result from a project funded by ELFORSK done by STRI. Theproject is studying the effects the introduction of so called “prosumers”(customers with own production) and electrical vehicles will have on differenttypes of networks. Four different cases are studied: covering urban and ruralareas with different types of customers.In the urban areas the power through the transformer will be the limitingfactor. The major impact in the cases studied is from the introduction ofproduction from photovoltaics at the customer-side of the meter. This willresult in an introduction of surplus due to production which in one case led toan increase of the absolute power through the transformer with more than30%, which resulted in transformer overloading.In the rural areas the voltage drop or rise will be the limiting factor. The casesstudied had already high voltage drops even in the base cases. In the casestudies it was seen that the voltage drop could be slightly reduced whenintroducing more local production, but the production also led to that voltagerise could appear. As a result the interval of the voltage variations wasincreased, which in turn leads to difficulties with designing the network suchthat neither overvoltage nor undervoltage occurs.Introducing control algorithms had a very positive effect on reducing the netproduction from the photovoltaics. Using both hard and soft curtailment madeit possible to remove all overcurrents or overvoltages. Using hard curtailment,where all production is turned off during overcurrent or overvoltage, leadshowever to a large reduction in energy from renewable energy sources.Therefore soft curtailment should as much as possible be used.The control algorithms studied for reducing the net consumption had a morelimited effect and even resulted in an increase of the maximum netconsumption. When trying to reduce the net consumption during an overload,the reason of the overload could only be moved in time and not removed as inthe case of reducing the net production. And since often the period duringwhich the power exceeds the limit is longer than the number of hours possibleto move the energy, sometimes moving the energy had an adverse effect.The model used for controlling the net consumption needs furtherdevelopment, but it is still possible to draw the conclusion that this type ofcontrol offers only limited possibilities for mitigating overload or undervoltage.The effects of introducing prosumers and more electrical vehicles as defined inthe selected cases did not show any alarming results in this study. However,studies to learn more about the possible consequences of changes atcustomer-side are important to be able to handle the impact of such changeson the network.Further future studies needed: database with load and production data;improved control algorithms; demonstration project; experience from othercountries and studies on reactive power compensation.

  • 7.
    Adamopoulos, Emmanouil
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Malik, Wasim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Crisis Management and Early-Stage Greek Startups: The case of COVID-19 pandemic crisis2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic had a worldwide economic effect, and it seems to have produced a challenging economic climate for startups to work in. Thus, the aim of this degree project is to investigate how startups survived the financial and organizational crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, and what was the role of their employees during the crisis. The objective is to look at how early-stage startups in Greece are dealing with the COVID-19 crisis, whether they can utilize crisis management models, and how the crisis encourages creative destruction. Schumpeterian innovation theory has been merged with crisis management theories to achieve this goal. The thesis employs a qualitative methodology and uses a multiple case study design where cases are the individual startups interviewed. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with a top-management representative of each company. 

    The results indicate that the startups under discussion are experiencing significant changes. At the beginning of the crisis, they faced a threatening disengagement and demotivation of their employees, which they managed to overcome by focusing on their wellbeing, coaching them, and guiding them through the crisis. The Caplanian model was utilized to analyze their approach. Based on the companies’ core competencies, they are actively pivoting to emerging business models and new markets. These companies are discovering new possibilities and innovating in a number of areas, following both the Schumpeterian evolutionary theories of creative destruction and creative accumulation. Overall, the findings suggest that in responding to the crisis, startups modified and strengthened their strategies. The shift in customer purchasing behavior was a major reason why businesses needed to develop their strategies. The modified consumer behavior was the outcome of actions taken by the Greek government and the Public Health Agency to avoid the spread of the virus such as social distancing, travel bans, and closed borders.

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    Crisis Management and Early-Stage Greek Startups
  • 8.
    Aggarwal, Shubhesh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Kaldi, Kjzal
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Agile Project Management for Knowledge-Based Projects in Manufacturing Industry: Case Study: Epiroc Drilling Tools, Fagersta, Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Epiroc Drilling Tools is a manufacturing company that produces tools for rock mining and excavation. The company adopted the principles and framework of Lean Product Development in their R&D department with few practices of an agile framework called Scrum. These agile practices are used in the pre-study phase or the knowledge value stream of their lean product development. Hence, this research is limited to the knowledge value stream within the R&D department.

    The use of agile project management in manufacturing industry is unique and majority of the agile frameworks are specifically designed to suit the needs of software development companies. Several theories like Scrum, Lean, Kanban and DSDM were studied by the researchers to scrutinize the current framework of the department. The challenges and the similarities of the currently used framework with several other agile frameworks and the companies are discussed. Several qualitative research methods were adopted to know the viewpoints of the working employees in the department which are compared with other companies like Volvo Cars, ABB, LShift, EnergySoftware and from another division of Epiroc called Rocktec Automation who faced some similar challenges while practicing agile project management. After further research on the theories and comparison of the process, roles of the working employees and documentations within the knowledge value stream, DSDM had more similarities with the currently used framework than Scrum. This allowed to recommend ways that can fill the missing gaps using practices of DSDM without altering the existing working procedure in the knowledge value stream. This ensures that the improvement in the knowledge value stream remains continuous. On the contrary, a brief discussion is included on whether there is a need to be agile for manufacturing industries or is it just a changing trend in the field of project management.

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    Aggarwal_Kaldi_MT21_MILI
  • 9.
    Ahl, Matilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hållbar utveckling: Utveckling av en organisations hållbarhetsarbete genom benchmarking2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work with sustainable development can result in several benefits to an organization and is above all important when it comes to the organization's opportunities to handle the changes in the world around it and survive in the long run. Previous research shows, however, that it is not an easy task to conduct successful work with sustainable development, partly due to conflicting aspects and lack of guidance regarding which strategies, methods or activities that need to be implemented to achieve the desired result. Making decisions regarding how competent work with sustainable development should be conducted and developed is therefore difficult, which is why a case study has been carried out in order to assess how a specific organization can develop the work with sustainable development based on the benchmarking method Sustainability Progress Indicator Comparative Evaluation (SPICE). Based on this method, which is specifically developed for benchmarking regarding organizations' sustainability work, several of the mistakes that can undermine an organization's work with sustainable development could be studied and assessed. In this way, it became possible to assess the current situation of the specific organization based mainly on public information, but also to identify differences in performance and learn from the competitors in the energy and communications industry who have come further with their sustainability work. It then emerged that the organization's competitors are making more progress and conducting more extensive work with sustainable development, which was judged to be due to the specific organization lacking sufficient knowledge in the area. Due to the fact that knowledge, constant learning and development work form the basis for successful sustainability work, training of the organization's employees was therefore recommended in the first place. How the organization's sustainability work should be developed thereafter is not answered by the case study, however, which is why the necessary guidance to some extent is still lacking. It is therefore important that further investigation is carried out.

  • 10.
    Ahlqvist, Carolina Marianne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Projektorganiseringen som drivkraft och hinder för industriell förnyelse i byggindustrin: en fallstudie av Skandionkliniken2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding how innovation and renewal occurs in an industry is important for how to manage technical development for individual companies. It is also important for creating a beneficial industrial context for renewal, from both a political and an industrial perspective, in which new solutions can arise and spread through the involvement of several actors of the industry. How innovation and renewal occurs in the construction industry in Sweden is however viewed differently. One challenge that has been pointed to is that most of the work performed in the construction industry is organized in projects, which in turn should affect how innovation and renewal can be achieved.

     

    The aim of this thesis is to provide an understanding of how the project organizing in the industry affects innovation and renewal. This is executed through a case study of the construction of Skandionkliniken, a proton therapy clinic, and by using an industrial network theory that challenges the traditional view of how innovation is achieved. One important understanding drawn from this study is that renewal is created in the interface between companies and their resources. The kinds of innovation and renewal that can take place in the projects highly rely on technical interdependencies and organizational features of the involved actors. Three conclusions are drawn from this study; firstly, innovation and renewal in the construction industry occurs gradually across projects, secondly, the type of innovation that occurs is not what is expected from a traditional point of view, and thirdly, therefore it is not necessarily obvious when or how it takes place, which has implications both for policy and company management.

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  • 11.
    Ahlström, Emil
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Fors, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Play hard, work harder: Workification of gaming in a Swedish World of Warcraft Classic guildIn: Ephemera : Theory and Politics in Organization, ISSN 2052-1499, E-ISSN 1473-2866Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to problematize and further develop the concept of workification in studies on the intersection of play and work. The literature on workification is scarce and focuses mainly on how game design transforms potentially playful activities in games into work-like tasks. In this study, which utilizes material from interviews and autoethnography, we illustrate the transformation of a World of Warcraft Classic guild, evolving from an informal gathering of friends into a structured organization with clear hierarchies and defined functions. By adopting the theoretical perspective of dominant logic, we show how the governing values and decision premises of the studied organization create a balancing act for management. The differing values of individuals within the organization led to the creation of administrative tools and rules to govern the organization’s members. Our conceptualization of workification emphasizes how aspects traditionally related to work – such as task management and organizational hierarchies – are being employed by guilds to enable new ways of enjoying the gaming experience. Committed players devote time and effort to producing spreadsheets, codes of conducts, and performance indicators, in addition to actually playing the game. While this may detract from the ‘magic’ of the game, we argue that workification can also offer new opportunities for playfulness and enjoyment.

  • 12.
    Ahmadi, Mostafa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Chamoun, Afram
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Artificiell intelligens som beslutsfattande medel vid ROT-arbeten: En kvalitativ intervjustudie för kartläggning av beslutfattningsprocessen2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The construction industry stands for a third of the total carbon dioxide emissions globally , this includes the building process as well as the usage of the buildings. This in combination with the need for renovating older buildings in Sweden can lead to additional stress on the environment. This project aims to map out the decision-making process for property owners and consultants when working with renovation projects. The purpose of the study is to identify problematic areas that hinder efficient decision-making and sustainability efforts. With the problem areas mapped out, different solutions containing artificial intelligence will be explored and discussed. Ethical implications with the implementation of artificial intelligence will also be discussed in this study. In this qualitative study, a set of steps were taken to answer the research questions. Firstly, a literature review was conducted to explore existing research. Secondly, semi-structured interviews were held to gather empirical data. Lastly, the interviews were transcribed and analyzed with thematic analysis, to identify problematic areas in the renovation projects. The research strategy applied for this study is abductive. Due to the existing pandemic, the usage of software such as Zoom and Microsoft Teams have been used to conduct the interviews. The results show that the factors hindering the decision-making process were regulations & laws, economy & sustainability, lack of recycling, and lack of documentation. These were areas that both the consultants and property owners described as bottlenecks in the decision- making process. Artificial intelligence solutions were discussed for the problem areas regulations & laws and economy & sustainability because there is statistical data that could be used for training an artificial intelligence, unlike the other two problem areas that have to be dealt with manually due to the neglect of workers. The artificial intelligence solutions presented in this study can be considered ethical due to their assisting purpose. Although this research provides ideas for the implementation of artificial intelligence they are very brief and theoretical, further development and exploration are needed to implement the solutions. 

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  • 13.
    Aicardi, Christine
    et al.
    King’s College London.
    Akintoye, Simisola
    De Montfort University.
    Fothergill, B. Tyr
    De Montfort University.
    Guerrero, Manuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Departament of Bioethics and Medical Humanities, University of Chile.
    Klinker, Gudrun
    Technical University Munich.
    Knight, William
    De Montfort University.
    Klüver, Lars
    The Danish Board of Technology.
    Morel, Yannick
    University of Maastricht.
    Morin, Fabrice O.
    Technical University Munich.
    Stahl, Bernd
    De Montfort University.
    Ulnicane, Inga
    De Montfort University.
    Ethical and Social Aspectos of Neurorobotics2020In: Science and Engineering Ethics, ISSN 1353-3452, E-ISSN 1471-5546Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interdisciplinary field of neurorobotics looks to neuroscience to overcome limitations of modern robotics technology, to robotics to advance our understanding of the neural system's inner workings, and to information technology to develop tools that support those complementary endeavours. The development of these technologies is still at an early stage, which makes them an ideal candidate for proactive and anticipatory ethical reflection.

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    Ethical and Social Aspects of Neurorobotics
  • 14.
    Al Dawood, Hayder Mahdi A
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bridging the gap between AI systems and society: algorithmic accountability and ethics within small AI organisations in Sweden: Is Sweden ready for AI Ethics?2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years, ethics has gained greater attention in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Stakeholders engage in debates on how to apply ethical principles in various AI organisations with many differing viewpoints. The importance of ethics in AI continuously increases as this area grows rapidly, with a considerable amount of small organisations appearing every day. At the same time, AI solutions enter all the spheres of human activities. Algorithmic accountability can be seen as one of the ways to achieve AI ethics. This thesis will, therefore, explore how small AI organisations can ensure algorithmic accountability. The thesis is based on qualitative data collected from semi-structured interviews in four Swedish small AI organisations. Findings reveal that small AI organisations in Sweden do not apply or consider applying ethical principles when developing their products. The reasons for such decisions are mainly a lack of policies and regulations. The lack of legislation makes ethics of less priority. This thesis proposes governmental bodies facilitate the AI industry by establishing clear policies, standards, and certifications. Such initiatives can assist AI organisations, especially small ones, to address ethical implications and push them towards a high level of AI. 

    Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Algorithmic accountability, Small organisations, AI governance 

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    Bridging the gap between AI systems and society
  • 15.
    Al Dawood, Hayder Mahdi A
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Seeking legitimacy through specialization and diversification: How do film festivals select films2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Seeking legitimacy through specialization and diversification
  • 16.
    Al-Barghouthi, Mohammad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Towards Understanding Knowledge Interchange In Cross-Functional Teams: A case study on organizational learning2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, many organizations are facing an increased necessity to employ cross-functional teams. Its growing popularity is rooted in its positive impacts on innovation. Additionally, these teams are an excellent way of managing complex organizational tasks without the need for a significant modification of the existing organizational structure. Despite the benefits of the cross-functional team, the diversity in the profession and the specialized knowledge possessed by the team members lead to different thought worlds and perceptions, causing communication barriers. This is problematic because communication is needed to share, transfer, and create knowledge, which are the prerequisites of both individual and organizational learning. There is various literature on knowledge management and learning; however, our understanding of how knowledge interchanges in cross-functional teams remain limited. Therefore, this thesis conducts semi-structured interviews at five successful companies to examine the policies and procedures established by management to facilitate the interchange of knowledge in the organization. Also, it investigates the activities used by coordinators to maximize learning and create a sense of belonging in the cross-functional team.

    The findings of this study revealed several activities that could increase both the knowledge interchange and the team’s learning. First, it is preferred to have decent knowledge accessibility, where the bar to contact anyone is low. Second, it seems that knowledge receptivity has to be increased, which can be done by giving knowledge a meaning, using pictures, analogies, metaphors, Etc. Third, a frame of reference could be needed, where people can get into each other’s shoes through, for example, job rotations and learn each other’s jobspecific terminologies. Fourth, competition is preferred to be eliminated, which can be achieved by establishing a common team goal, removing internal bonuses, and eliminating ranking systems. Finally, it seemed essential to have cohesion in the group, which can be accomplished by having, for instance, afterworks, group travel activities, and collective organizational culture

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  • 17.
    Alderhell, William
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hamad, Gulnaz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management. Uppsala University.
    The Challenge Of Incubating Sustainability In The Swedish Innovation System: An Exploratory Study Of Business Incubators And Entrepreneurs Tackling Sustainability Issues2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years there has been an increased focus on preservation of our environment and natural resources. As a result, in a notably natural resource consuming world, sustainable development has evolved in societies for the conservation of the environment. Even though the term sustainability has become more frequently discussed, the subject remains complex. The aim of the study is to explore how high-profile business incubators in Sweden and the startups they support relate to sustainability, and to understand the conditions for pushing more progressive sustainability agendas, in a country that boasts about its sustainability ambitions. Fourteen in-depth, semi-structured interviews were held with both incubator business developers, startup founders, an expert within the innovation system and a professional investor. This qualitative study analyses different perceptions regarding sustainability and the incubators and startups role within the innovation system in a country that boasts about its sustainability ambitions. The results indicate that there is a demand for stricter institutional pressures, with increased support for entrepreneurs. It also turns out that incubators have room for improvement when it comes to motivational inspiration and behavioural changes for their tenants. However, they show to be receptive and attentive towards a systematic approach in order to enhance sustainability work. It is also shown that entrepreneurs', compared to the incubators, appears to have taken a greater distance from understanding the sustainability topic. As many as 56 percent of the entrepreneurs claimed that a forced method could be beneficial but might require more time than it is worth. The remaining 44 percent saw it as purely advantageous. Future studies are encouraged to conduct an investigation including a greater number of participants as an attempt to generalise these findings, and also try to identify if gender has a significant role regarding the matter.

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  • 18. Alfateh, Muhammad
    et al.
    Khan, Yasir Ali
    The effects of client’s requirements on construction innovation: A case study of the new Ångström Laboratory construction project2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has often been noted that the construction sector is quite inefficient in producing innovation especially when compared with other industries (Winch,2003). Moreover, innovation is becoming more and more a key competence in competitive environment of construction. Clients were found to play a pivotal role of clients in promoting construction innovation. However, how clients contribute to innovation is less investigated. Also, the construction project consists of a network of actors who interact with each other on different levels.These interactions affect and shape the requirements of the clients which then influence the innovation process of the construction project. It is important to take into account the several aspects of these interactions into consideration (Havenvid et al., 2016).The aim of this study is to investigate the role of clients in driving construction innovation by studying how their requirements may generate change within the project network. The second question aims to capture the different project actors’ views and perspective on construction innovation. This is done by conducting a case study on the construction project of the New Ångström Laboratory; an academic building of Uppsala University in Sweden. The data were collected following a qualitative approach. The results were analysed using ARA model (Actors, Activities and resources) framework.The study concludes that partnering can lead to an increase in productivity and efficiency of carrying out construction project work. The study also found that clients requirements can trigger innovation in a construction project. Another finding is that process innovation may generate greater effects on the actor's network than product innovations and suggest focusing on process innovation to accelerate the overall innovation process.

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  • 19. Alfredsson, Axel
    et al.
    Berefelt, Erik
    Hur kan ett utökat BIM-användande uppnås i infrastruktursektorn?: En fallstudie av NCC:s lokala projektorganisation i Uppsala2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine how BIM can be used in a more widespread way at a contractor's project organization within infrastructure. This includes an analysis of the factors that are important to take into account and what barriers an organization must overcome. The thesis has also compared infrastructure- and real-estate projects in terms of BIM-usage.

    A case study has been carried out at the construction company NCC in Sweden with a qualitative approach. The study builds on a theoretical framework and empirical data that have been gathered through a literature review and interviews.

    The results show that there is a need for at least one person responsible, and with mandate to drive change at a local level in the organization. The planning and production phase need a consensus on how to work with BIM and how the technology should be used within a project organization. There is also a need for a requirement and monitoring process towards planners and consultants before the planning process starts.

    Moreover, the study concludes that BIM usage in infrastructure projects differ from that of real estate project. It therefore suggests that the two should not be directly compared in terms of the potential of the technology.

    Keywords: BIM, Building information modelling, Infrastructure, Case study, Innovation, Project-based organizations

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  • 20.
    Almassri, Fatma
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Holmgren, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Att optimera resursanvändandet för att främja kapacitet och tillgänglighet till vård: En kartläggning för att möta framtidsutmaningar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health care is facing major future challenges with a changing demographic. An aging population means increasing multi-morbidity and complex care needs. This means that more people need to share the same resources. The study intends to investigate how existing resources can be optimized to promote accessibility to care from a quality engineering perspective.

    Method: Data collection was carried out with combination of a systematic literature study and a case study. A deductive thematic analysis was used to analyze collected qualitative data which was compiled into categories and themes. The results of both studies were analyzed using pattern analysis, where similarities and differences were highlighted.

    Results: Several barriers in hospital-wide flow were identified and compiled into eight categories; management, planning & collaboration, quality, capacity, system understanding, communication, patient and staff. Process indicators are demonstrated in many parts of the care process and the various functions of healthcare. Proposed solutions for resource optimization to promote accessibility to care were summarized into six themes and 28 categories. Identified themes are, the patient at the center, mission and organization, strategic leadership, people in the organization, applying new technology and developing the care services.

    Conclusion: Previous studies that examined factors which affects capacity in hospitals emphasizes the importance of holistic understanding, which is confirmed in this study. If the capacity and thus accessibility to care is to be promoted, it is required that the development takes place with an understanding of the healthcare system. It also requires knowledge of how care can meet patients' needs with the help of quality technology. By using a variety of principles, methods and tools, performance can be improved and accessibility to care can be promoted.

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  • 21.
    Altenburg, Sido
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    The Swedish System of Protein Extraction Industry from Legumes and the System Limitations: A Technical Innovation System Study2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background – The climate impact of the agricultural sector calls for sustainable transitions in the food industry. One solution to a more environmentally friendly sector, is the transition towards plant-based diets. Legumes play an important role in the sustainability transitions towards more plant-based protein.

    Purpose – The study aims to explore and define the system functions for plant-based protein extraction from legumes in Sweden and to analyse the current limiting functions of the system. To investigate the above aim, this research intends to adres the following two research questions:

    1) What actors and system functions shape the plant-based protein extraction industry out of legumes look like in Sweden from a system perspective?

    2) What functions are limiting the establishment of protein extraction facilities in Sweden?

    Method – The methodology used is a qualitative case study of the Swedish plant-based protein extraction industry. The data was collected through interviews and literature review. The data collected was analysed according to the Technical Innovation System (TIS) framework.

    Findings – The current Swedish system of protein extraction is lacking the ability to provide a wide variety of high-quality extracted protein due to lack of technology, infrastructure and actors for establishing a well-developed Swedish plant-based protein extraction industry. The main limitations found for the protein extraction industry are the high economic investment needed to establish extraction facilities. This together with high uncertainties for new actors to enter the field and due to limited knowledge of providing high-quality and tasty protein to the industry.

    Implications – The findings of this study provide a guideline to developers and policymakers which aim to encourage the development of the Swedish plant-based food industry. And will allow the emerging protein extraction industry to get more support in the areas which are currently the most important obstacles.

    Limitations – The study is limited in that perspectives of certain actors are not represented in the interviews. One example of this is the perspectives of equippment suppliers, which is important as this group of actors have been highlighted to have significant knowledge in the studied area. 

    Keywords – Sustainability transitions, Socio-technical systems, Technical Innovation System, Value Chain, Protein Extraction, Legumes

  • 22.
    Ambekar, Shubham
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Samuel Jonathan Andrews, Danny Duke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Investigating Perceive Value in B2B Setting2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Value is fundamental in business-to-business marketing, where marketing revolves around the term value. Understanding the value of offering through customers' eyes is important for business success. Due to the subjective nature of value, it's imperative to understand the value based on the customer's individual interpretation. In this context, perceived value plays a central theme for this study, and analyzed in the terms of benefits and sacrifices. But to capture the broader picture of customers' value functional, social, and emotional perceived values were considered. The research questions were formed to investigate the kind of values that customers perceive, and another question was framed to investigate the multidimensionality of values. In order to answer the research questions, a qualitative descriptive approach was applied and through judgmental sampling, respondents were chosen. The five potential customers were interviewed through semi-structured technique.

    The authors applied the model “value hierarchy” to investigate the customer's perceived value which consists of three layers: attributes, consequences and objects; it shows correlation among the three layers. The laddering technique was used in connection with hierarchy, through this technique authors understood how consumers were able to perceive value in each layer. The tangibilization strategy was used to provide cues that helped build mental construct of services in customer’s minds. Customers assess the services by evaluating its value. The value from the consequences were perceived multidimensionally by customers depending on the attributes. Customers perceived functional value in aspects of saving time and ease of workload. They were able to perceive value socially, when some features helped manage stress among the employees and through provision of these services to end customers saw an increase in firm awareness in the market. Customers also felt a feeling of happiness when using certain attributes especially among the end customers thereby bringing emotional value into the picture. All the different values perceived helped reach their respective end-goals.  The model found useful to investigate the customer value sequentially, also evaluating current customer’s needs. The study revealed that the attributes aren't chosen without a purpose. Customers perceive some benefits from the attributes that help achieve their specific needs. The study was confirmation about integrating the model with different value dimensions helped determine the connection of these dimensions with customer value. The study ends with presenting managerial, theoretical and practical implications and provides ground for future research in exploring other framework of values, followed by limitations of the study.

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  • 23.
    Anand Alagamanna, Aravindh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Juneja, Simarjit Singh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Man-Hour Estimations in ETO: A case study involving the use of regression to estimate man-hours in an ETO environment2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The competition in the manufacturing industry has never been higher. Owing to the technological changes and advancements in the market, readily available data is no longer a thing of the past. Numerous studies have discussed the impact of industry 4.0, digital transformation as well as better production planning methods in the manufacturing industry.  The Mass-Manufacturing industry, in specific, has gained efficiency levels in production that were previously unimaginable. Industry 4.0 has been discussed as the ‘next big thing’ in the manufacturing context. In fact, it is seen as a necessity for manufacturing companies to stay competitive. However, efficient production planning methodologies are a preliminary requirement in order to successfully adopt the new manufacturing paradigms. The Engineering-to-order (ETO) industry is still widely unexplored by the academia ETO industries, barely have any production planning methodologies to rely on owing to their complex production processes and high reliance on manual-labour. Regression techniques have repeatedly been used in the production planning context. Considering its statistical prowess, it is no surprise that even the newer machine-learning techniques are based on regression. Considering its success in the mass-manufacturing industry for production planning, is it possible that its usage in the ETO industry might lead to the same results?

    This thesis involves a case study that was performed at an electrical transformer manufacturing plant in Sweden. After understanding the several operations that are performed in the production process, regression techniques are employed to estimate man-hours. The results from the study reconfirm the statistical prowess of regression and show the possibility of using regression in order to estimate man-hours in the ETO industry. In addition, several factors that can affect successful adoption of this tool in the production planning context are discussed. It is hoped that this study will lay the foundation for better production planning methodologies for the ETO industries in the future which might subsequently result in more data-driven decision making rather than instincts.

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  • 24.
    Anandarao, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bandi, Sukrit Reddy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Factors affecting the adoption of solar thermal technology: A study on Food and Chemical Industries2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rising concerns of climate change and global warming have made the current practices of industrial energy generation and consumption highly unsustainable. There is a growing awareness of the importance of renewable energy use in addressing climate change and establishing sustainable development. One of the renewable sources which have gained popularity over time is solar energy. Among the various solar technologies, one potential segment is solar thermal technology which involves solar thermal collectors. This technology mainly concentrates on providing industrial process heat across a wide range of temperature, and it's classified within the industry of Solar Heat for Industrial Process (SHIP). Though the SHIP technologies show strong technical feasibility, only few industries employ solar heat and there is a decreasing trend of adoption. 

    Hence, this research aims to understand the reasons for decreasing adoption by studying what and how are the factors affecting the adoption of solar thermal technology. This is done by performing a qualitative study across two industrial sectors food and chemical in the region of Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The obtained data by conducting semi-structured interviews are analysed using the Technological-Organization-Environment (TOE) theoretical framework. 

    The results from the study show that there are 9 important factors affecting the adoption of solar thermal technology that are categorized into technological factors (reliability, flexibility, financial attractiveness, and competitive alternatives), organizational factors (management support and resources) and environmental factors (regulatory environment, technology support provider and competitive pressure). Apart from the technological factors of lack of reliability and financial attractiveness, the organizational factors of lack of resources and the environmental factor of low incentives in MENA region, the aspect of cheap competitive alternatives especially in the MENA region, is causing the decrease in adoption within the food and chemical industry.

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  • 25.
    Anantharramu, Gurruraj
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Kaiser, Pascal
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Understanding the design and delivery of customer experience from multiple perspectives: A case study within luxury travel industry2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Staging experiences and providing optimal customer experience has become the new battlefield within the marketing segment, since the introduction of experience economy. The modern customer has multiple devices, channels and touchpoints to interact with the organization and with rapidly changing digital technology, where the product or service information are available online 24/7, he/ she is in-charge of his/ her own experiences. This multitude of options pose great challenges for the organization to understand customer needs, expectations, and behavior, and predict and manage customer experience. Despite numerous studies and streams of literature, several authors, scholars, and practitioners have developed fragmented frameworks and models that partially addresses this multidimensional construct of customer experience. Furthermore, things get complicated when these fragmented constructs are used by the luxury travel industry to design, develop, and manage customer experience.

    Therefore, in order to address this broad concept and provide the organization with a holistic framework that can be leveraged for providing customer experience, we conducted a qualitative multi-case study, that included 14 semi-structured interviews from various actors within the supply- chain of the luxury travel industry. Using thematic analysis, the rich empirical data from the interviews were analyzed and transformed into sub-themes and themes. Keeping these themes as the foundation, we propose an integrated conceptual model that captures a firm integrating customer and co-creation perspectives to provide customer experience. This integrated model consists of five building blocks, Organizational Factors, Design, Delivery and Management of customer experience, Co-Creation, Customer Experience Insights / Metrics and Moderating Factors, that coupled together should influence customer experience. Using this conceptual model, we analyzed how different actors within the supply-chain provide customer experience. Subsequently, we also develop a customer journey map (from a customer perspective) consisting of customer needs, channels, and touchpoints to understand the critical touchpoint that act as the primary contributors for providing customer experience. And finally, we highlight the driving factors and barriers for providing customer experience within luxury travel industry.

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    Understanding CX - A case study within luxury travel industry
  • 26.
    Anderberg, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Kundtillfredsställelse inom hållbarhetsarbete: Metoder för att mäta kundtillfredsställelse inom hållbarhetsarbete i en kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study seeks to identify methods of measurements of sustainability development from a customer satisfaction point of view in a municipality at the urban management section. The studied organization is experiencing a potential for development within how sustainability development is being measured. The sustainability work is being performed cross-sectional within the municipality. The sustainability management is being performed with various methods. In order to reach the purpose with this essay the formal and official control documents for the department and the municipality has been analyzed with qualitative methods through direct observations as means to identify primary data. After collection of the data semi-structured interviews has been performed with individuals within different areas that has a direct connection to the organizations sustainability work, in order to complete the direct observations. As theory concepts within sustainability, methods for reporting and measuring sustainability, quality, customer satisfaction, LCA-analysis and earlier research has been used. Earlier research has mainly debated methods of measurements of social sustainability or methods and reasons for sustainability reporting. The most important results is that the organisation has a clear and structured sustainability program but do not perform any kind of measurements of the work from a customer satisfaction perspective. It has not been possible to identify a standard method for measuring this within any available theory. The conclusions within the study gives that the municipality hast he possibility to collect information about what the customer expectations is regarding sustainability through for example a poll. It is likely possible to standardize methods to follow up on sustainability from a customer satisfaction perspective in order to increase the customer satisfaction.

  • 27.
    Anderson Kronlid, Carl
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Sundin, Robin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Varför tror vi att vissa företagär mer hållbara än andra?: - En studie om hur företags motiv och kommunikation kringhållbarhet är relaterat till konsumenters uppfattning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Why do we assume certain companies as more sustainable?
  • 28.
    Andersson, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Utvecklingen av samverkansregler mellan hälso- och sjukvården och näringslivet: Samverkan och krishantering i fält av legitimitet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration is a form of organization on the rise in Sweden. For health care, it is ofinterest to collaborate with industry to ensure that needs for specialist education andtraining are met and that products developed meet the relevant requirements.Conversely, industry actors have an interest to have a close collaboration with healthcare in order to gain insight into customer needs, provide information about theirproducts and to test products in development.The starting point of this study is an agreement and regulatory framework for formsof collaboration between public health care in Sweden in general and thepharmaceutical industry, the medical device industry and the laboratory technologyindustry. The research questions concerns how this agreement has evolved and theprocess surrounding its emergence may contribute to knowledge about collaborationas a form of organization and the relationship to concepts such as legitimacy,corruption and institutional theory.By tracking the emergence of the current regulatory framework genealogicalthroughout history, the study uncovers how the agreements have played a role in andcontributed to the legitimization and institutionalization of collaboration practices andhow crises have changed the shape of the practices. A theoretical treatment ofrelevant concepts such as legitimacy, institutionalization of practices, corruption andstigmatization of organizations form the basis for an interpretation and analysis of theprocess.The conclusions of the examination of the historical process that led to the currentagreements contribute to empirical knowledge of how crises and stigma affect thelegitimacy of collaboration practices and how the repair of legitimacy can be donesuccessfully after a crisis. The treatment of the empirical material is also a historicalsource for the development of ethics agreements between public health care andpharmaceutical industry and the medical industry in Sweden.

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  • 29.
    Andersson, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Uppdraget och ansvaret: En fallstudie hur några lärare uppfattar sitt uppdrag och dess ansvar på en grundskola2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last couple of years, an increasing number of teachers have chosen to leave their profession in the world of teaching. There a number of reasons as to why teachers are leaving their current employment; some teachers describe their administrative workload being overwhelming whilst others state that the general responsibility at the workplace has increased. In addition, some teachers declare that the general workload also has increased. Nowadays there is a lack of educated teachers, approximately around 60 000 vacant posts need to be filled in the Swedish school-system. In a school, located in the south of Sweden, there has been a large shift of employees. There has been a large number of teachers, who have been on sick leave or left their employment voluntarily. In a pre-study, made in the spring of 2019, which this essay is based on, ambiguities were identified in regard to the job description and the division of responsibility, in the teaching profession. In order to carry out the study of this essay, a case study with an abductive approach was chosen to investigate the factors behind the problems previously mentioned, in the previously mentioned a south-Swedish school. The premise of the study was to present different factors which influence and support the teachers’ mission. The intention of the essay was to identify and map factors which can promote mission- and responsibility-comprehension in the school.  To enable the essay and the study, the following questions were used: Which factors are hindering the teachers’ mission- and responsibility comprehension? and Which factors create mission- and responsibility comprehension?. To understand the teachers’ challenges in everyday tasks and discover possible factors that are influencing the teachers’ mission, the author of the essay has studied results which previous research has produced. The collection of data is a qualitative data collection method consisting of observations of teachers as well as individual with the teachers. In chapter 4, results, the results of the observation-schedule and the teachers’ dictums are presented. The factors which obstructed the teachers in their daily work were (1) Digitalized communication, (2) Confidence and honesty between staff, (3) Lack of cooperation between colleagues, (4) The meeting’s agenda, which took time from the teachers’ work, (5) The lack of leadership and (6) The teachers’ working methods. The factors which promoted mission- and responsibility comprehension were (1) The teachers’ comprehension of their mission, (2) The structure of the meetings, in the shape of a scheduled day and time for the meeting, (3) The motivation and dedication the teachers feel for their job as well as (4) The willingness to cooperate between teachers. To create better opportunities for mission- and responsibility comprehension, a PDSA-cycle was presented for the continuation of the work improvement for the school.

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  • 30. Andersson, Hampus
    et al.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Storlöpare, Petri
    Slowlife Film.
    When the climate apocalypse comes I’ll make it: 16 yr old Hampus' survival month in the forest2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    When the climate apocalypse comes I’ll make it: 16 year old Hampus Andersson’s survival month living off the lands and waters in the forests of Norrbotten, Sweden. There is a lot of talk of crisis and apocalypse, due to war, to climate change. Young people worried about their future go on school strike and manifest, around the world. But, when the climate or any other crisis happens, how are these young (and adult) protesters prepared to fend for themselves? How long can you survive without electricity and water in the tap, with access to food in the supermarket? Thinking about all of this, 16 year old Hampus Andersson decided to try to live off the lands and waters for a full month, on his own. If there is such a crisis, would he make it on his own? From mid July to mid August 2019, the experiment went on. He made sure to learn from more experienced and older reindeer herders and others with experience from the forests. Hampus is not completely unaware on how to get access to food in the forest. His father is a Sámi reindeer herder, and his mother’s family are an agriculture family. But until this day he had never done such an experiment. How would he find food, water, shelter? What would be the hardest? Some things that he had never even thought about turned out to be harder than expected. During the stay Hampus documented his everyday life with photos and short films, and posted on his Facebook page and Instagram. This is a film made from those photos and videos, along with an interview by film maker Petri Storlöpare, Slowfilm AB. Hampus speaks of his experiences, thoughts and ideas on how to continue this experiment. Will he try the same in the Arctic winter, with temperatures down to minus 40 Celsius? The film project is supported by Dálkke: Indigenous Climate Change Studies, led by Dr. May-Britt Öhman, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism, CEMFOR, Uppsala University.

  • 31. Andersson, Johnn
    et al.
    Plummer, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Socio-techno-ecological transition dynamics in the re-territorialization of food production: the case of wild berries in Sweden2024In: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent geopolitical and economic crises underline the need for a European transition towards a more sustainable food system. Scholars and policymakers have called for a re-territorialization of food production to strike a better balance between local, regional and global value chains. This paper explores the role of re-territorialization through an analysis of the emergence, development and current transformation of the Swedish wild berry value chain. The analysis combines the multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions with a socio-techno-ecological system approach and draws on interviews, informal conversations, participant observations and a range of secondary sources. The resulting case narrative shows how processes of de-territorialization may result in regimes that fail to address sustainability potential and problems. It also highlights that processes of re-territorialization challenge established regimes by promoting niches that represent different, albeit complementary, value chain configurations. Apart from a rich empirical narrative that brings useful knowledge to stakeholders to the Swedish wild berry value chain, the paper contributes to the theoretical understanding re-territorialization, shows how the ecological dimension can be accounted for with the multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions and presents a number of general policy implications.

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  • 32.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Gabre, Viktor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Lagbasens roll i byggproduktion: en studie om motivation och ledarskap2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the construction industry, there has been a drop in productivity in recent years, and despite the fact that motivation is a key factor when it comes to create productive work, there seems to be few studies that focus specifically on what motivates the construction worker. The studies that exist actually seem to exclude the great influence of the foreman and impact on the construction worker motivation, which this paper intends to investigate further.

    The aim of the study is therefore to understand what motivates and demotivates the construction worker and understand the role and impact of the foreman on constructions worker motivation. The influence of the foreman on the construction team seems to be non-present in studies and research within the construction industry and therefore, this thesis refers to emphasize this important role.

    The work is performed at the construction company Skanska during the spring term 2015 where the interviews took place with employed construction workers, foremen and supervisors. The study has shown that workers are proud and want to create a quality end product. Standstills and revised planning is common within construction but are obstacles to their creation and a significant demotivator at work. Lack of commitment from other co-workers creates dissatisfaction and irritation, which negatively impacts the overall motivation.

    The position as a foreman requires both extensive knowledge and experience in construction management. As it seems the foreman also should be a people person. The study has shown that the foreman has a major effect on construction worker motivation by scheduling and distribute the work fairly among the workers. It also appears that the foreman has some form of intermediate impact on workers motivation, by adjusting how the worker interprets the external factors that affect their motivation.

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    Examensarbete_MalinAndersson_ViktorGabre
  • 33.
    Andersson, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Sigvardson, Patric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Embracing Blockchain: The Challenges of Collaborative Innovation Within the Financial Industry2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creating standardized infrastructures for new technologies has become a frequent event in recent years, forcing competing firms to together collaborate in order to develop and mutually agree on a common standard. This is due to technologies such as blockchain (distributed ledger) technology that need interoperability to reach its full potential, making the collaboration aspect crucial for organizations that want to adapt to the technology. Therefore, this study’s purpose is to identify and analyze the challenges of creating such a standardized infrastructure. A case study was used to analyze these challenges, which involved experts of blockchain technology and three Nordic banks connected to the blockchain consortium R3. First, a pre-study took place with the help of blockchain experts, who helped identify potential problems regarding blockchain (distributed ledger) technology. Secondly, a main study was conducted consisting of four interviews with key persons representing the banks, in addition to collecting secondary data via news articles, and press releases. With the help of co-opetition theory and a technical description of blockchain (distributed ledger) technology, an analytical model was developed to support the analysis of the data collection. The analysis focus on aspects of co-opetition drivers, co-opetition capabilities, co-opetition dynamics and blockchain aspects, which were used to showcase the challenges of collaborating on creating a standardized infrastructure. The result of this study highlights the importance of learning and educational aspects, the size of a cooperation and threats from other competing solutions, which generates challenges. In addition to the identified challenges, this study has also contributed to an understanding of how these aspects can come to affect a collaboration.

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  • 34.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Ek, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Hedman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Johansson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Sehlstedt, Viktor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Stocklassa, Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Snögren, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Pettersson, Victor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Larsson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Vizuete, Olivier
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Hjort, Klas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Klintberg, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Thin film metal sensors in fusion bonded glass chips for high-pressure microfluidics2017In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, ISSN 0960-1317, E-ISSN 1361-6439, Vol. 27, no 1, article id 015018Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-pressure microfluidics offers fast analyses of thermodynamic parameters for compressed process solvents. However, microfluidic platforms handling highly compressible supercritical CO2 are difficult to control, and on-chip sensing would offer added control of the devices. Therefore, there is a need to integrate sensors into highly pressure tolerant glass chips. In this paper, thin film Pt sensors were embedded in shallow etched trenches in a glass wafer that was bonded with another glass wafer having microfluidic channels. The devices having sensors integrated into the flow channels sustained pressures up to 220 bar, typical for the operation of supercritical CO2. No leakage from the devices could be found. Integrated temperature sensors were capable of measuring local decompression cooling effects and integrated calorimetric sensors measured flow velocities over the range 0.5-13.8 mm/s. By this, a better control of high-pressure microfluidic platforms has been achieved.

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  • 35.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Hjort, Klas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Klintberg, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Fracture strength of glass chips for high-pressure microfluidics2016In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, ISSN 0960-1317, E-ISSN 1361-6439, Vol. 26, no 9, article id 095009Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-pressure microfluidics exposes new areas in chemistry. In this paper, the reliability of transparent borosilicate glass chips is investigated. Two designs of circular cavities are used for fracture strength tests, either 1.6 mm wide with rounded corners to the fluid inlets, or 2.0 mm wide with sharp inlet corners. Two kinds of tests are done, either short-term,e.g. pressurization to fracture at room temperature, or long-term, with fracture at constant pressurization for up to one week, in the temperature region 11–125 °C. The speed of crack fronts is measured using a high-speed camera. Results show fracture stresses in the range of 129 and 254 MPa for short-term measurements. Long-term measurements conclude the presences of a temperature and stress dependent delayed fracture. For a reliability ofone week at 11–38 °C, a pressure limit is found at the lower end of the short-term measurements, or 15% lower than the average. At 80 °C, this pressure limit is 45% lower. Crack speeds are measured to be 10−5 m s-1 during short-term fracture. These measurements are comparable with estimations based on slow crack growth and show that the growth affects the reliability of glass chips. This effect is strongly affected by high temperatures, thus lowers the operating window of high-pressure glass microfluidic devices.

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  • 36.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Hjort, Klas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Klintberg, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    High pressure glass microfluidics for supercritical CO2 with aqueous solutions2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A microfluidic system is presented to investigate interactions between supercritical CO2 and H2O using high-pressure glass chips. The reliability of these chips at pressures necessary to sustain CO2 in the supercritical phase is dependent of both time and temperature. 130 bar can be kept at 38°C for more than a week. These systems can be used to investigate fluid interaction between supercritical CO2 and aqueous solutions by the addition of pH sensitive dye and high speed absorption light imagining, making it possible to demonstrate acidification is in a multiphase chip. By the addition of integrated temperature sensors, better control of the states of the fluids inside the chips can be achieved.

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  • 37.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Hjort, Klas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Klintberg, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    High-Speed Imaging Of The ph Drop In Aqueous solutions In Contact With Supercritical Co2 Segments2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A high-speed imaging system based on light absorption of bromophenol blue (BPB) pH sensitivedye in a glass high-pressure microchip is used to study the instantaneous dynamics of a pH drop in anaqueous phase in contact with segments of subcritical (liquid) and supercritical CO2. The dynamics ofthe pH-drop has been studied and visualized, demonstrating acidification rates of up to 3.5 pH/s.

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  • 38.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Knaust, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Ogden, Sam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Hjort, Klas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Bodén, Roger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystems Technology.
    Integrated high-pressure fluid manipulation in microfluidic systems2014Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 39.
    Andersson, Per
    Uppsala University, University Administration. Kansliet för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Engineering Education and Active Students2006Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Andersson, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Kärnkraftssäkerhet i Ukraina efter 20222024Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Andersson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Holcombe, Scott
    OECD Halden Reactor Project.
    Feasibility Study of Using Gamma Emission Tomography for Identification of Leaking Fuel Rods in Commercial Fuel Assemblies2017Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 42.
    Andersson, Rasmus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Edström, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Integrating security into agile software development: A case study on the role of inertia2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The security directives at Ericsson Group IT have recently been re-worked to apply to modern security requirements. For Ericsson's software development teams developing internal applications, security tools have been implemented into the daily workflow to follow these new directives. Before, security mainly was considered during the reviews and scheduled assessments of the software projects. The goal of these new tools is to add security to every part of the software development process. Security thus adds to the scope of work of the developers at Ericsson Group IT, which has, in the past, evolved from being solely a developer to being responsible for development and operations to development, security and operations.

    However, adding methods and tools to the developer's workflow can create inertia and friction in daily work. We intend to apply the concept of inertia to agile work practices to examine how small-scale projects are affected when new security tools and methods are introduced and implemented in the agile workflow. Research suggests that linked processes and methods should be put in place to achieve desirable results from the implemented tools and be integrated into the team's agile methodologies. The thesis aims to identify the factors that affect inertia by investigating and analysing the developers' use of methods and tools.

    As for data collection, a pilot study and a case study were applied to a team at Ericsson Group IT. The data was collected through qualitative surveys conducted on twelve proven factors regarding successfulness in work implementations. The data was then analysed through the Gioia methodology by compiling the collected data into first-order concepts and linking them to familiar second-order themes. These themes were then translated into aggregate dimensions synthesised from the study's theoretical framework.

    The results showed that several factors affected the change process: personnel training and education, appropriate communication, and adaptability to the change process. These are all factors attributing inertia to the change process, and awareness of these can help mitigate and facilitate a successful change process. Streamlining successful change processes is vital when integrating security as a requirement into an agile software development team.

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  • 43.
    Andersson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    The Dissertation project at Uppsala University Library: Background2021Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Andreas, Jonsson
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Roos, Arne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Simulations of the energy performance of smart windows based on user presence using a simplified balance temperature approachIn: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a simulation tool for simulating and comparing windows have been further developed so that the software also can simulate smart windows with the ability to vary the g-value or the solar heat gain coefficient. The g-value can be controlled using different control strategies, which can be based on time control, user control and different types of daylight control. The software is basically a simulation tool to calculate the energy for heating and cooling caused by the windows as a building component. Due to the simplicity of the program, it is suitable as a tool for selecting the right type of window for a certain building. Six different control strategies have been developed to show different approaches for controlling smart windows. Some results are shown as examples of how the new functionality is working. This new functionality of the software makes it easy to compare smart windows between themselves and also to make fair comparisons with static windows.

  • 45. Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management. Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden.
    Simonsson, Johan
    Agarwal, Girish
    Dynamics of related and unrelated digital diversification in established firms: Strategies, programs, process, and outcomes2024In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 202, article id 123300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on digital transformation focuses on business models and technological innovation but it often lacks a detailed exploration of how firms develop, execute, and evaluate related and unrelated digital diversification strategies. To address this gap, this study employs a multiple case study approach to uncover the varied processes and outcomes of implementing digital diversification programs in established firms. The findings reveal that established firms frequently refine and adjust their digital diversification strategies to achieve desired results. Specifically, related digital diversification strategies benefit from well-defined market segments, clear technological focus, and robust senior management support. In contrast, unrelated digital diversification strategies thrive through extensive exploration and experimentation with novel digital technologies and markets, reduced senior managerial intervention and increased middle- and lower-level management involvement. Semi-related digital diversification strategies, which incorporate elements of both related and unrelated approaches, often encounter tensions owing to conflicting traditional and new program execution methods, posing significant realization challenges. Key factors identified as instrumental in the success of digital diversification strategies include technology, markets, management & organization, and program execution. The study concludes by discussing the managerial and academic implications and offers recommendations for future research in this domain.

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  • 46.
    Andreasson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Lindblom, Jessica
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Thorvald, Peter
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Distributed Cognition in Manufacturing: Collaborative Assembly Work2016In: Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXX / [ed] Yee Mey Goh, Keith Case, IOS Press , 2016, p. 243-248Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive science is becoming increasingly central within humanfactors and ergonomics (HF&E) and there has long been a call for a more systemicperspective in the area with a somewhat broader unit of analysis. This paperpresents a case study applying the theoretical framework of distributed cognition(DCog), which shows how DCog would offer a more complete understanding ofmanufacturing within its greater context, including the social, cultural, andmaterial surroundings. This paper aims to characterize and analyse dock assemblyof forest machines as a complex socio-technical system from a DCog perspective;focusing on the creation of enacted landscapes in this particular setting. The paperalso exemplifies benefits of using the DCog framework in the manufacturingdomain as a way of grasping the assembly workers’ tacit competence and skills.

  • 47.
    Andreasson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Lindblom, Jessica
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Thorvald, Peter
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Interruptions in the wild: portraying the handling of interruptions in manufacturing from a distributed cognition lens2017In: Cognition, Technology & Work, ISSN 1435-5558, E-ISSN 1435-5566, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 85-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study examining interruptionsin the wild by portraying the handling of interruptionsin manufacturing from a distributed cognitionlens. By studying how interruptions occur and are handledin the daily activities of a work team at a large foundry forcasting heavy diesel engines, we highlight situations whenthe propagation, transformation, and representation ofinformation are not supported by prescribed work processesand propose recommendations for how this can beamended. The study was conducted by several visits to theaforementioned factory with cognitive ethnography as thebasis for the data collection. The focus was on identifyinginterruptions and analysing these through a distributedcognition framework as an initial step towards studyinginterruptions in a manufacturing environment. The keyfindings include the identification of three, previouslyundefined, types of interruptions and the conclusion thatinterruptions do indeed affect the distributed workload ofthe socio-technical system and thus the overall productionperformance at the casting line.

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  • 48.
    Andén, Amanda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Zetterberg, Elise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Mätning av kundnöjdhet enligt Kano-metodiken: En undersökning av produktegenskapers betydelse för kundnöjdhet hos ekologisk kombucha2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis was conducted in collaboration with a company that manufactures organic kombucha. The company wanted to know whether organic kombucha is the way forward, as the flavour range of their kombucha is limited due to the availability of organic fruit juices. The decreasing demand for organic foods was an additional incentive to research the issue. The purpose of the study was therefore to deliver an opinion on whether the product attribute organic is the way forward, in terms of its significance for customer satisfaction. To do that, a method within the customer satisfaction measurement field inspired by the Kano model was used, where consumers were asked about their attitudes toward current and potential product attributes.

    The study’s results show that different customer groups value and prioritize attributes differently. However, most of the attributes meet unconscious customer needs which indicates that the company has a good opportunity to stand out. Although the attribute ’organic’ is not as important to include as ’produced in Sweden’, it may remain since a wide flavour range and a lower price are neither must-be nor one-dimensional attributes. Also, not including ’organic’ has a much greater impact on customer dissatisfaction than not including a wider range of flavours.

    Proposals for implementation include investigating the possibility of producing the kombucha in Sweden, continuous customer satisfaction measurement, reviewing the visibility of the product’s labels and examining if only some flavours in the range can be organic. By considering these proposals, the company could further meet their customers’ needs.

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  • 49.
    Ansari, Asif Akhtarhussain
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
    Decoding Agile: Challenges and Solutions A Qualitative study of the transition to Agile method2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The needs of the consumer are drastically changing with increased awareness, technology, and innovation. Information technology services are no longer part of the support function but a full-scale solution; the increased demand for personalized, real-time, and hassle-free services has burdened software solution providing companies. Over the last decade, Agile project management has gained popularity among various industries and specifically in the Information Technology industry and is often considered a silver bullet to solve different software project management challenges. Agile project management revolutionized the way software projects are developed and organized. However, organizations find it challenging to implement agile principles as the process requires an organization-wide cultural and social transformation. Managers face several barriers when they try to bring agile approaches in traditional organizations regarding technology, mindset, practices. It’s not adequate to just start learning and implementing new ways of working. The transition process needs parallel or equally salient activities of dealing with challenges on the organization and team level. This study provides insights for software organizations willing to undergo an agile transition that needs an initial understanding of various challenges, which can be a potential pitfall in the transition process. 

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  • 50. Ansari, Iman
    et al.
    Barati, Masoud
    Sadeghi Moghadam, Mohammad Reza
    Ghobakhloo, Morteza
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    An Industry 4.0 readiness model for new technology exploitation2023In: International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, ISSN 0265-671X, E-ISSN 1758-6682, Vol. 40, no 10, p. 2519-2538Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Considering the importance and the broad applications of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in various organizations and industries and enjoying the many benefits of this digital transformation framework, organizations need to measure their Industry 4.0 readiness as a starting point and take steps to achieve the strategic goals of Industry 4.0. This study aims to design a comprehensive and practical model that can determine Industry 4.0 readiness level, allowing organizations to implement and exploit technological constituents of this phenomenon.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A systematic literature review (SLR) methodology was used to evaluate and summarize a clear and comprehensive literature overview of Industry 4.0 readiness models and to certify the validity and transparency of the review process. After reviewing 71 articles and survey and then the consensus of Industry 4.0 experts, the 10 dimensions of the 4.0 Industry readiness model were finalized with their indicators having the most frequency in the published articles and models.

    Findings

    The application of the SLR to the development of the new Industry 4.0 readiness model which includes 10 dimensions and 37 indicators and can assess the Industry 4.0 readiness of firms and industries accurately and effectively.

    Research limitations/implications

    An extensive review of the previous literature yielded the current Industry 4.0 readiness model. The comprehensiveness of this model leads to its wide application in different companies. Future research suggestions are presented at the end of the manuscript.

    Practical implications

    The concept of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the application of its technologies are vague and complicated for many organizations and managers, while the need to implement the components and technologies of Industry 4.0 is essential to achieve organizational goals. The presented readiness model helps companies to measure their readiness to enter the Fourth Industrial Revolution and achieve long-term goals.

    Originality/value

    In this study, an attempt was made to examine the Industry 4.0 readiness models thoroughly and extensively and identify their different approaches. Finally, a comprehensive and multi-dimensional readiness model is presented to assess the position of organizations in order to enter Industry 4.0.

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