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  • 1.
    Aarts, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Hofvander, Yngve
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Gebre-Medhin, Meharigm
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Growth under privileged conditions of healthy Swedish infants exclusively breastfed from birth to 4-6 months:  a longitudinal prospective study based on daily records of feeding2003Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 92, nr 2, s. 145-151Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    In most studies the methodology used to study growth in relation to breastfeeding patterns cannot ensure that exclusive breastfeeding has in fact occurred since birth. The aim of this study was to investigate the growth of healthy infants in Sweden in whom exclusive breastfeeding for the first 4–6 mo was ascertained through daily feeding records and to compare the results with the World Health Organization (WHO) “12-month breastfed pooled data set” and the Euro-Growth references for exclusively breastfed infants, as well as with the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO reference.

    Methods:

    147 exclusively breastfed infants and 325 non-exclusively breastfed Swedish infants, with a birthweight of ≥3 kg, were included. The mothers had previous breastfed at least one infant for at least 4 mo. Weight was recorded fortnightly and length monthly.

    Results:

    Infants exclusively breastfed since birth showed similar growth in weight and height to that of the non-exclusively breastfed infants. During the first 6 mo of life the growth of exclusively breastfed infants was also similar to that of the infants regularly receiving formula at 12–16 wk of age, mostly in addition to breast milk. The monthly growth increments were fairly similar to those of the “WHO pooled breastfed data set” and the Euro-Growth references for exclusively breastfed infants.

    Conclusion:

    In an affluent society truly exclusively breastfed infants seem to have the same growth during the first half year of life as non-exclusively breastfed infants with a high breastfeeding rate.

  • 2.
    Aarts, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Hornell, A
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Hofvander, Yngve
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Gebre-Medhin, Mehari
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Greiner, Ted
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    How exclusive is exclusive breastfeeding? A comparison of data since birth with current status data:  2000Ingår i: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685, Vol. 29, nr 6, s. 1041-1046Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    There is no accepted and widely used indicator for exclusive breastfeeding since birth. Indeed, the difference between 'current status' data on exclusive breastfeeding and data on 'exclusive breastfeeding since birth' is rarely recognized. We used data from a longitudinal study to examine this issue.

    METHODS:

    A descriptive longitudinal, prospective study design was used in which 506 mother-infant pairs were included. The mothers completed daily recordings on infant feeding during the first nine months after birth. A research assistant conducted fortnightly home visits with structured interviews. The resulting data on breastfeeding patterns are presented in two different ways: analysis of 'current status' data based on a single 24-hour recording of infant feeding at 2, 4 and 6 months of age, and analysis of data 'since birth', i.e. data on infant feeding for every day, starting from birth until the ages of 2, 4 and 6 months.

    RESULTS:

    A wide discrepancy between the results obtained from the two analyses was found. The difference in the exclusive breastfeeding rate was over 40 percentage points at both 2 and 4 months of age (92% versus 51% at 2 months and 73% versus 30% at 4 months) and 9 percentage points at 6 months (11% versus 1.8%).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Current status indicators based on a 24-hour period may be inadequate and even misleading for many purposes. We propose that in many studies an indicator called 'exclusive breastfeeding since birth' could be added.

  • 3.
    Aasheim, Vigdis
    et al.
    Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bergen, Norway..
    Nilsen, Roy M.
    Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bergen, Norway..
    Vik, Eline Skirnisdottir
    Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bergen, Norway.;Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Bergen, Norway..
    Small, Rhonda
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.;Judith Lumley Ctr, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Schytt, Erica
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning Dalarna. Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bergen, Norway..
    Epidural analgesia for labour pain in nulliparous women in Norway in relation to maternal country of birth and migration related factors2020Ingår i: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 26, artikel-id 100553Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate associations between maternal country of birth and other migration related factors (length of residence, reason for migration, paternal origin) and epidural analgesia for labour pain in nulliparous women in Norway.

    Design: Population-based register study including nulliparous migrant women (n = 75,922) and non-migrant women (n = 444,496) with spontaneous or induced labour. Data were retrieved from the Medical Birth Registry and Statistics Norway, 1990-2013. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by logistic regression, and adjusted for maternal age, marital status, maternal education, gross income, birth year, hospital size and health region.

    Main outcome: Epidural analgesia for labour pain.

    Results: Epidural analgesia was administered to 38% of migrant women and 31% of non-migrant women. Compared with non-migrants, the odds of having epidural analgesia were lowest in women from Vietnam (adjOR 0.54; CI 0.50-0.59) and Somalia (adjOR 0.63; CI 0.58-0.68) and highest in women from Iran (adjOR 1.32; CI 1.19-1.46) and India (adjOR 1.19; CI 1.06-1.33). Refugees (adjOR 0.83; CI 0.79-0.87) and newly arrived migrants (adjOR 0.92; CI 0.89-0.94) had lower odds of epidural analgesia. Migrant women with a non-migrant partner (adjOR 1.14; CI 1.11-1.17) and those with length of residence >= 10 years (adjOR 1.06; CI 1.02-1.10) had higher odds.

    Conclusion: The use of epidural analgesia varied by maternal country of birth, reason for migration, paternal origin and length of residence. Midwives and obstetricians should pay extra attention to the provision of adequate information about pain relief options for refugees and newly arrived migrants, who had the lowest use.

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  • 4.
    Abbafati, Cristiana
    et al.
    Univ Roma La Sapienza, Dept Jurid & Econ Studies, Rome, Italy..
    Abbas, Kaja M.
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, London, England..
    Abbasi, Mohammad
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Internal Med, Hamadan, Iran..
    Abbasifard, Mitra
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Unit, Rafsanjan, Iran.;Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Internal Med, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Abbasi-Kangevari, Mohsen
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Abbastabar, Hedayat
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Adv Diagnost & Intervent Radiol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Abd-Allah, Foad
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abdelalim, Ahmed
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abdollahi, Mohammad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sch Pharm, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Inst Pharmaceut Sci TIPS, Tehran, Iran..
    Abdollahpour, Ibrahim
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Neurosci Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Abedi, Aidin
    Univ Southern Calif, Dept Orthopaed Surg, Los Angeles, CA 90007 USA..
    Abedi, Parisa
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Sch Med, Tehran, Iran.;Harvard Univ, Neuroendocrine, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Abegaz, Kedir Hussein
    Near East Univ, Biostat Dept, Nicosia, Cyprus.;Madda Walabu Univ, Biostat & Hlth Informat, Bale Robe, Ethiopia..
    Abolhassani, Hassan
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Tehran, Iran.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Abosetugn, Akine Eshete
    Debre Berhan Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia..
    Aboyans, Victor
    Dupuytren Univ Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Limoges, France.;Univ Limoges, Limoges, France..
    Abrams, Elissa M.
    Univ Manitoba, Sect Allergy & Clin Immunol, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.;Univ British Columbia, Dept Pediat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Abreu, Lucas Guimaraes
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Pediat Dent, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Abrigo, Michael R. M.
    Philippine Inst Dev Studies, Dept Res, Quezon City, Philippines..
    Abu Haimed, Abdulaziz Khalid
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dept Internal Med, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Abualhasan, Ahmed
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abu-Gharbieh, Eman
    Univ Sharjah, Dept Clin Sci, Sharjah, U Arab Emirates..
    Abu-Raddad, Laith Jamal
    Weill Cornell Med Coll Qatar, Dept Healthcare Policy & Res, Doha, Qatar..
    Abushouk, Abdelrahman I.
    Harvard Univ, Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Ain Shams Univ, Dept Med, Cairo, Egypt..
    Acebedo, Alyssa
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ackerman, Ilana N.
    Monash Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Adabi, Maryam
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Hamadan, Iran..
    Adair, Tim
    Univ Melbourne, Melbourne Sch Populat & Global Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Adamu, Abdu A.
    Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Global Hlth, Cape Town, South Africa.;South African Med Res Council, Cochrane South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Adebayo, Oladimeji M.
    Univ Coll Hosp, Coll Med, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi
    Olabisi Onabanjo Univ, Dept Sociol, Ago Iwoye, Nigeria..
    Adekanmbi, Victor
    Cardiff Univ, Sch Med, Cardiff, Wales..
    Adelson, Jaimie D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Adeoye, Abiodun Moshood
    Univ Coll Hosp, Sch Lab Med & Sci, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Univ Ibadan, Inst Cardiovasc Dis, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Adetokunboh, Olatunji O.
    Stellenbosch Univ, Ctr Excellence Epidemiol Modelling & Anal, Cape Town, South Africa.;Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Global Hlth, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Adham, Davoud
    Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Sch Hlth, Ardebil, Iran..
    Advani, Shailesh M.
    NIH, Social Behav Res Branch, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Georgetown Univ, Dept Oncol, Washington, DC USA..
    Afarideh, Mohsen
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Mayo Clin, Dept Dermatol, Rochester, MN USA..
    Afshari, Mahdi
    Zabol Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Zabol, Iran..
    Afshin, Ashkan
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Agardh, Emilie E.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Agarwal, Gina
    McMaster Univ, Dept Family Med, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Agasthi, Pradyumna
    Mayo Clin, Dept Cardiovasc Med, Rochester, MN USA..
    Agesa, Kareha M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Aghaali, Mohammad
    Qom Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Qom, Iran..
    Aghamir, Seyed Mohammad Kazem
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Urol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Agrawal, Anurag
    CSIR, Inst Genom & Integrat Biol, Delhi, India.;Baylor Coll Med, Internal Med, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Ahmad, Tauseef
    Southeast Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Hlth Stat, Nanjing, Peoples R China..
    Ahmadi, Alireza
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Anesthesiol, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Ahmadi, Keivan
    Univ Nottingham, Lincoln Med Sch, Nottingham, England.;Univ Lincoln, Lincoln Med Sch, Lincoln, England..
    Ahmadi, Mehdi
    Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Environm Hlth Engn, Ahwaz, Iran.;Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Environm Technol Res Ctr, Ahwaz, Iran..
    Ahmadieh, Hamid
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Ophthalmol, Tehran, Iran.;Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Ophthalm Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Ahmadpour, Ehsan
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Infect & Trop Dis Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Ahmed, Muktar Beshir
    Jimma Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Jimma, Ethiopia.;Univ South Australia, Australian Ctr Precis Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Aji, Budi
    Jenderal Soedirman Univ, Fac Med & Publ Hlth, Purwokerto, Indonesia..
    Akalu, Temesgen Yihunie
    Univ Gondar, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola
    Univ Ibadan, Inst Adv Med Res & Training, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Newcastle Univ, Inst Neurosci, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Akinyemiju, Tomi
    Duke Univ, Dept Populat Hlth Sci, Durham, NC USA.;Duke Univ, Duke Global Hlth Inst, Durham, NC USA..
    Akombi, Blessing
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Akunna, Chisom Joyqueenet
    Intercountry Ctr Oral Hlth ICOH Africa, Dept Publ Hlth, Jos, Nigeria.;Fed Minist Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth, Garki, Nigeria..
    Alahdab, Fares
    Mayo Clin Fdn Med Educ & Res, Mayo Evidencebased Practice Ctr, Rochester, MN USA..
    Al-Aly, Ziyad
    Washington Univ, John T Milliken Dept Internal Med, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Dept Vet Affairs, Clin Epidemiol Ctr, St Louis, MO USA..
    Alam, Khurshid
    Murdoch Univ, Murdoch Business Sch, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Alam, Noore
    Queensland Hlth, Prevent Div, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Griffith Univ, Ctr Environm & Populat Hlth, Nathan, Qld, Australia..
    Alam, Samiah
    Dalhousie Univ, Dept Community Hlth & Epidemiol, Halifax, NS, Canada..
    Alam, Tahiya
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Alanezi, Fahad Mashhour
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Alanzi, Turki M.
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Hlth Informat Management & Technol Dept, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Albertson, Samuel B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Alcalde-Rabanal, Jacqueline Elizabeth
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Hlth Syst Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Alema, Niguse Meles
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Pharm, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Alemu, Biresaw Wassihun
    Arba Minch Univ, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.;Arba Minch Univ, Dept Midwifery, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Alemu, Yihun Mulugeta
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Alhabib, Khalid F.
    King Saud Univ, Dept Cardiac Sci, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Alhassan, Robert Kaba
    Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Inst Hlth Res, Ho, Ghana..
    Ali, Muhammad
    Quaid I Azam Univ, Dept Biotechnol, Islamabad, Pakistan..
    Ali, Saqib
    Sultan Qaboos Univ, Coll Econ & Polit Sci, Dept Informat Syst, Muscat, Oman..
    Alicandro, Gianfranco
    Italian Natl Inst Stat, Directorate Social Stat & Populat Census, Rome, Italy..
    Alijanzadeh, Mehran
    Qazvin Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Qazvin, Iran..
    Alinia, Cyrus
    Urmia Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Care Management & Econ, Orumiyeh, Iran..
    Alipour, Vahid
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Econ Dept, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Alizade, Hesam
    Hormozgan Univ Med Sci, Infect & Trop Dis Res Ctr, Bandar Abbas, Iran..
    Aljunid, Syed Mohamed
    Kuwait Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Safat, Kuwait.;Natl Univ Malaysia, Int Ctr Casemix & Clin Coding, Bandar Tun Razak, Malaysia..
    Alla, Francois
    Univ Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sch Publ Hlth, Bordeaux, France..
    Allebeck, Peter
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Almadi, Majid Abdulrahman Hamad
    King Saud Univ, Coll Med, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.;McGill Univ, Div Gastroenterol & Hepatol, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Almasi, Ali
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Almasi-Hashiani, Amir
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Arak, Iran..
    Almasri, Nihad A.
    Univ Jordan, Physiotherapy Dept, Amman, Jordan..
    Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M.
    Jazan Univ, Med Res Ctr, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.;Sanaa Univ, Dept Parasitol, Sanaa, Yemen..
    Almulhim, Abdulaziz M.
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Coll Med, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Alonso, Jordi
    Pompeu Fabra Univ, Res Program Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Barcelona, Spain.;Biomed Res Networking Ctr Epidemiol & Publ Hlth C, Dept Expt & Hlth Sci, Madrid, Spain..
    Al-Raddadi, Rajaa M.
    King Abdulaziz Univ, Dept Community Med, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia..
    Altirkawi, Khalid A.
    King Saud Univ, Pediat Intens Care Unit, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Alumran, Arwa Khalid
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Hlth Informat Management & Technol Dept, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Alvis-Guzman, Nelson
    Univ Cartagena, Hlth Econ Res Grp, Cartagena, Colombia.;Univ Costa, Res Grp Hosp Management & Hlth Policies, Barranquilla, Colombia..
    Alvis-Zakzuk, Nelson J.
    Univ Costa, Dept Econ Sci, Barranquilla, Colombia.;Natl Inst Hlth, Colombian Natl Hlth Observ, Bogota, Colombia..
    Amare, Azmeraw T.
    Bahir Dar Univ, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.;Univ Adelaide, Sch Med, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Amare, Bekalu
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Pharmacol, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Amini, Saeed
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Hlth Serv Management Dept, Arak, Iran..
    Amini-Rarani, Mostafa
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Reasearch Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Aminorroaya, Arya
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran Heart Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Amiri, Fatemeh
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Radiol & Nucl Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Amit, Arianna Maever L.
    Univ Philippines Manila, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Manila, Philippines.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Amugsi, Dickson A.
    African Populat & Hlth Res Ctr, Maternal & Child Wellbeing, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Amul, Gianna Gayle Herrera
    Natl Univ Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew Sch Publ Policy, Singapore, Singapore..
    Anbesu, Etsay Woldu
    Samara Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Samara, Ethiopia..
    Ancuceanu, Robert
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Pharm, Bucharest, Romania..
    Anderlini, Deanna
    Univ Queensland, Ctr Sensorimotor Performance, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Royal Brisbane & Womens Hosp, Dept Neurol, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Anderson, Jason A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Andrei, Catalina Liliana
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Cardiol, Bucharest, Romania..
    Andrei, Tudorel
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania..
    Androudi, Sofia
    Univ Thessaly, Dept Med, Volos, Greece..
    Angus, Colin
    Univ Sheffield, Sch Hlth & Related Res, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England..
    Anjomshoa, Mina
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Ansari, Fereshteh
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Evidence Based Med, Tabriz, Iran.;Agr Res Educ & Extens Org AREEO, Razi Vaccine & Serum Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Ansari, Iman
    Shahed Univ, Med Students Res Comm, Tehran, Iran..
    Ansari-Moghaddam, Alireza
    Zahedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Zahedan, Iran..
    Antonazzo, Ippazio Cosimo
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Res Ctr Publ Hlth, Monza, Italy..
    Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.
    Univ Philippines Manila, Dept Hlth Policy & Adm, Manila, Philippines.;Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Appl Social Sci, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Antony, Catherine M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Antriyandarti, Ernoiz
    Sebelas Maret Univ, Agribusiness Study Program, Surakarta, Indonesia..
    Anvari, Davood
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Parasitol, Sari, Iran.;Iranshahr Univ Med Sci, Dept Parasitol, Iranshahr, Iran..
    Anwer, Razique
    Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic Univ, Dept Pathol, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw
    Kwame Nkrumah Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Sociol & Social Work, Kumasi, Ghana.;Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Ctr Int Hlth, Munich, Germany..
    Arabloo, Jalal
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Arab-Zozani, Morteza
    Birjand Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Birjand, Iran..
    Aravkin, Aleksandr Y.
    Univ Washington, Dept Appl Math, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Arba, Aseb Arba Kinfe
    Wolaita Sodo Univ, Dept Nursing, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia..
    Aremu, Olatunde
    Birmingham City Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Ariani, Filippo
    Local Hlth Unit Tuscany Ctr, Reg Ctr Anal Data Occupat & Workrelated Injuries, Florence, Italy..
    Aripov, Timur
    Tashkent Inst Postgrad Med Educ, Publ Hlth & Healthcare Management, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Boston, MA USA..
    Armoon, Bahram
    Saveh Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Saveh, Iran.;Yasuj Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Yasuj, Iran..
    Arnlov, Johan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.;Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Arowosegbe, Oluwaseyi Olalekan
    Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Basel, Switzerland.;Univ Basel, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Basel, Switzerland..
    Aryal, Krishna K.
    Abt Associates Nepal, Monitoring Evaluat & Operat Res Project, Lalitpur, Nepal..
    Arzani, Afsaneh
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Babol, Iran.;Babol Univ Med Sci, Babol, Iran..
    Asaad, Malke
    Univ Texas Houston, Dept Plast Surg, Houston, TX USA..
    Asadi-Aliabadi, Mehran
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Asadi-Pooya, Ali A.
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Epilepsy Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran.;Thomas Jefferson Univ, Dept Neurol, Philadelphia, PA 19107 USA..
    Asgari, Samaneh
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Prevent Metab Disorders Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Asghari, Babak
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Microbiol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Jafarabadi, Mohammad Asghari
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Biostat & Epidemiol, Tabriz, Iran.;Zanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Biostat & Epidemiol, Zanjan, Iran..
    Ashbaugh, Charlie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Assmus, Michael
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Atafar, Zahra
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Athari, Seyyed Shamsadin
    Zanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Immunol, Zanjan, Iran..
    Atnafu, Desta Debalkie
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Hlth Syst & Hlth Econ, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Atout, Maha Moh'd Wahbi
    Philadelphia Univ, Fac Nursing, Amman, Jordan..
    Atre, Sachin R.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Ctr Clin Global Hlth Educ, Baltimore, MD USA.;DY Patil Vidyapeeth, DY Patil Med Coll Hosp & Res Ctr, Pune, Maharashtra, India..
    Atteraya, Madhu Sudhan
    Keimyung Univ, Dept Social Welf, Daegu, South Korea..
    Ausloos, Floriane
    Univ Liege, Dept Gastroenterol, Liege, Belgium..
    Ausloos, Marcel
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania.;Univ Leicester, Sch Business, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Avila-Burgos, Leticia
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Hlth Syst Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel Gbenato Arthur
    Benin Clin Res Inst IRCB, Epidemiol & Clin Res, Abomey Calavi, Benin.;Fdn Sci Res FORS, Epidemiol & Clin Res, Cotonou, Benin..
    Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala
    La Trobe Univ, Judith Lumley Ctr, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Ayano, Getinet
    Curtin Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Ayanore, Martin Amogre
    Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dept Hlth Policy Planning & Management, Ho, Ghana..
    Aynalem, Getie Lake
    Univ Gondar, Dept Clin Midwifery, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Aynalem, Yared Asmare
    Debre Berhan Univ, Dept Nursing, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia..
    Ayza, Muluken Altaye
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Azari, Samad
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Azarian, Ghasem
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Hamadan, Iran..
    Azene, Zelalem Nigussie
    Univ Gondar, Dept Reprod Hlth, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Azhar, Gulrez
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Azzopardi, Peter S.
    Burnet Inst, Global Adolescent Hlth Grp, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;South Australian Hlth & Med Res Inst, Wardliparingga Aboriginal Res Unit, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Darshan, B. B.
    Babaee, Ebrahim
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Badawi, Alaa
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Publ Hlth Risk Sci Div, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Univ Toronto, Dept Nutr Sci, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Badiye, Ashish D.
    Govt Inst Forens Sci, Dept Forens Sci, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India..
    Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba
    Sharif Univ Technol, Dept Chem, Tehran, Iran..
    Bagli, Eleni
    Univ Hosp Ioannina, Dept Ophthalmol, Ioannina, Greece.;Fdn Res Technol, Inst Mol Biol & Biotechnol, Ioannina, Greece..
    Bahrami, Mohammad Amin
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Dept Healthcare Management & Educ, Shiraz, Iran..
    Baig, Atif Amin
    Sultan Zainal Abidin Univ, Biochem Unit, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia..
    Bairwa, Mohan
    All India Inst Med Sci, Ctr Community Med, New Delhi, India..
    Bakhshaei, Mohammad Hossein
    Hamedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Anesthesiol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Bakhtiari, Ahad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Hlth Policy Management & Econ, Tehran, Iran..
    Bakkannavar, Shankar M.
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Mangalore, India..
    Balachandran, Arun
    Univ Groningen, Dept Demog, Groningen, Netherlands.;Inst Social & Econ Change, Populat Res Ctr, Bengaluru, India..
    Balakrishnan, Senthilkumar
    Haramaya Univ, Dept Med Microbiol, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Balalla, Shivanthi
    Auckland Univ Technol, Dept Psychol & Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Balassyano, Shelly
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Baldasseroni, Alberto
    Local Hlth Author Florence, Dept Epidemiol, Florence, Italy..
    Ball, Kylie
    Deakin Univ, Inst Phys Act & Nutr, Burwood, Vic, Australia..
    Ballew, Shoshana H.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Balzi, Daniela
    USL Tuscany Ctr, Dept Prevent, Florence, Italy..
    Banach, Maciej
    Med Univ Lodz, Dept Hypertens, Lodz, Poland.;Polish Mothers Mem Hosp Res Inst, Lodz, Poland..
    Banerjee, Srikanta K.
    Walden Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Minneapolis, MN USA..
    Banik, Palash Chandra
    Bangladesh Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Bannick, Marlena S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bante, Agegnehu Bante
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Nursing, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Bante, Simachew Animen
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Midwifery, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Baraki, Adhanom Gebreegziabher
    Univ Gondar, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Barboza, Miguel A.
    Costa Rican Dept Social Secur, Dept Neurosci, San Jose, Costa Rica.;Univ Costa Rica, Sch Med, San Pedro, Costa Rica..
    Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn
    Univ Auckland, Sch Psychol, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Barnighausen, Till Winfried
    Harvard Univ, TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Barrero, Lope H.
    Pontifical Javeriana Univ, Dept Ind Engn, Bogota, Colombia..
    Barthelemy, Celine M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Barua, Lingkan
    Bangladesh Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Barzegar, Akbar
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Occupat Hlth Engn, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Basaleem, Huda
    Aden Coll, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Aden, Yemen.;Int Ctr Diarrhoeal Dis Res, Maternal & Child Hlth Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Bassat, Quique
    Univ Barcelona, Barcelona Inst Global Hlth, Barcelona, Spain.;Catalan Inst Res & Adv Studies ICREA, Barcelona, Spain..
    Basu, Sanjay
    Harvard Univ, Ctr Primary Care, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Baune, Bernhard T.
    Univ Munster, Dept Psychiat, Munster, Germany.;Melbourne Med Sch, Dept Psychiat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Bayati, Mohsen
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Hlth Human Resources Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Baye, Bayisa Abdissa
    Ambo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Ambo, Ethiopia..
    Bazmandegan, Gholamreza
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Unit, Rafsanjan, Iran.;Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Internal Med, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Becker, Jacob S.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Bedi, Neeraj
    Jazan Univ, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.;Gandhi Med Coll Bhopal, Dept Community Med, Bhopal, India..
    Beghi, Ettore
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Neurosci, Milan, Italy..
    Behzadifar, Masoud
    Lorestan Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Khorramabad, Iran..
    Bejot, Yannick
    Univ Hosp Dijon, Dept Neurol, Dijon, France.;Univ Burgundy, Dijon Stroke Registry UFR Sci Sante, Dijon, France..
    Bekuma, Tariku Tesfaye Tesfaye
    Wollega Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Nekemte, Ethiopia..
    Bell, Michelle L.
    Yale Univ, Sch Environm, New Haven, CT USA..
    Bello, Aminu K.
    Univ Alberta, Dept Med, Edmonton, AB, Canada..
    Bender, Rose G.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bennett, Derrick A.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Oxford, England..
    Bennitt, Fiona B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bensenor, Isabela M.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Internal Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Benziger, Catherine P.
    Essentia Hlth, Heart & Vasc Ctr, Duluth, MN USA..
    Berhe, Kidanemaryam
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Nutr & Dietet, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Berman, Adam E.
    Augusta Univ, Med Coll Georgia, Dept Med, Augusta, GA USA..
    Bernabe, Eduardo
    Kings Coll London, Fac Dent Oral & Craniofacial Sci, London, England..
    Bernstein, Robert S.
    Emory Univ, Hubert Dept Global Hlth, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Bertolacci, Gregory J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth
    United Arab Emirates Univ, Dept Internal Med, Al Ain, U Arab Emirates.;Charles Univ Prague, Dept Social & Clin Pharm, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Bhageerathy, Reshmi
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Hlth Informat Management, Mangalore, India.;Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Mangalore, India..
    Bhala, Neeraj
    Queen Elizabeth Hosp Birmingham, Inst Appl Hlth Res, Birmingham, W Midlands, England.;Queen Elizabeth Hosp Birmingham, Inst Translat Med, Birmingham, W Midlands, England.;Univ Birmingham, Inst Appl Hlth Res, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Bhandari, Dinesh
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Publ Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia.;Tribhuvan Univ, Publ Hlth Res Lab, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Bhardwaj, Pankaj
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med & Family Med, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India..
    Bhat, Anusha Ganapati
    Univ Massachusetts, Sch Med, Div Gen Internal Med, Springfield, MA USA..
    Bhattacharyya, Krittika
    Natl Inst Biomed Genom, Dept Stat & Computat Genom, Kalyani, W Bengal, India.;Univ Calcutta, Dept Stat, Kolkata, India..
    Bhattarai, Suraj
    Global Inst Interdisciplinary Studies, Dept Global Hlth, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.
    Univ Toronto, Ctr Global Child Hlth, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Aga Khan Univ, Ctr Excellence Women & Child Hlth, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Bibi, Sadia
    Univ Agr Faisalabad, Inst Soil & Environm Sci, Faisalabad, Pakistan..
    Biehl, Molly H.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bijani, Ali
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Babol, Iran..
    Bikbov, Boris
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Milan, Italy..
    Bilano, Ver
    Creativ Ceut, Hlth Econ & Outcomes Res, London, England..
    Bin Sayeed, Muhammad Shahdaat
    Australian Natl Univ, Natl Ctr Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, Canberra, ACT, Australia.;Univ Dhaka, Dept Clin Pharm & Pharmacol, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Biondi, Antonio
    Univ Catania, Dept Gen Surg & Med Surg Specialties, Catania, Italy..
    Birihane, Binyam Minuye
    Ethiopian Publ Hlth Inst, Adis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Debre Tabor Univ, Dept Nursing, Debretabor, Ethiopia..
    Bisanzio, Donal
    Res Triangle Inst Int, Global Hlth Div, Res Triangle Pk, NC USA.;Univ Nottingham, Sch Med, Nottingham, England..
    Bisignano, Catherine
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Biswas, Raaj Kishore
    Univ New South Wales, Transport & Rd Safety TARS Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Bitew, Helen
    Mekelle Univ, Sch Pharm, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Bjorge, Tone
    Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Bergen, Norway.;Canc Registry Norway, Oslo, Norway..
    Bockarie, Moses John
    European & Developing Countries Clin Trials Partn, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Dept Med, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Bohlouli, Somayeh
    Islamic Azad Univ, Dept Vet Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Bohluli, Mehdi
    Inst Adv Studies Basic Sci, Dept Comp Sci & Informat Technol, Zanjan, Iran.;Petanux Res GmBH, Dept Res & Innovat, Bonn, Germany..
    Bojia, Hunduma Amensisa
    Haramaya Univ, Sch Pharm, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Bolla, Srinivasa Rao
    Nazarbayev Univ, Dept Biomed Sci, Nur Sultan City, Kazakhstan..
    Boloor, Archith
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Internal Med, Mangalore, India..
    Boon-Dooley, Alexandra S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Borges, Guilherme
    Ramon de la Fuente Muniz Natl Inst Psychiat, Dept Epidemiol & Psychosocial Res, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Borzi, Antonio Maria
    Univ Catania, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Catania, Italy..
    Borzouei, Shiva
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Endocrinol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Bose, Dipan
    World Bank, Transport Global Practice, 1818 H St NW, Washington, DC 20433 USA..
    Bosetti, Cristina
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Oncol, Milan, Italy..
    Boufous, Soufiane
    Univ New South Wales, Transport & Rd Safety TARS Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Bourne, Rupert
    Anglia Ruskin Univ, Vis & Eye Res Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Brady, Oliver J.
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, London, England..
    Braithwaite, Dejana
    Georgetown Univ, Div Hematol & Oncol, Washington, DC USA..
    Brauer, Michael
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Brayne, Carol
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge, England..
    Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.
    Ohio State Univ, Dept Psychol, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.;Ohio State Univ, Psychiat & Behav Hlth Dept, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Breitner, Susanne
    Ludwig Maximilian Univ Munich, Inst Med Informat Proc Biometry & Epidemiol, Munich, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Inst Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Brenner, Hermann
    German Canc Res Ctr, Div Clin Epidemiol & Aging Res, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Breusov, Alexey V.
    RUDN Univ, Inst Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Briant, Paul Svitil
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Briggs, Andrew M.
    Curtin Univ, Sch Physiotherapy & Exercise Sci, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Briko, Andrey Nikolaevich
    Bauman Moscow State Tech Univ, Dept Biomed Technol, Moscow, Russia..
    Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Britton, Gabrielle B.
    Inst Sci Res & High Technol Serv, Neurosci Unit, Panama City, Panama.;Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Brugha, Traolach
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Bryazka, Dana
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Buchbinder, Rachelle
    Monash Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Cabrini Inst, Cabrini Hosp, Monash Dept Clin Epidemiol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Bumgarner, Blair R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Burkart, Katrin
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Burnett, Richard Thomas
    Hlth Canada, Populat Studies Div, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Nagaraja, Sharath Burugina
    Employee State Insurance Post Grad Inst Med Sci &, Dept Community Med, Bengalore, India..
    Busse, Reinhard
    Tech Univ Berlin, Dept Hlth Care Management, Berlin, Germany..
    Butt, Zahid A.
    Univ Waterloo, Sch Publ Hlth & Hlth Syst, Waterloo, ON, Canada.;Al Shifa Trust Eye Hosp, Al Shifa Sch Publ Hlth, Rawalpindi, Pakistan..
    Caetano dos Santos, Florentino Luciano
    Fed Polytech Sch Lausanne, Inst Microengn, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Cahill, Leah E.
    Harvard Univ, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Dalhousie Univ, Dept Med, Halifax, NS, Canada..
    Cahuana-Hurtado, Lucero
    Peruvian Univ Cayetano Heredia, Sch Publ Hlth & Adm, Lima, Peru..
    Cai, Tianji
    Univ Macau, Dept Sociol, Macau, Peoples R China..
    Callender, Charlton S. K. H.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Camera, Luis Alberto
    Hosp Italiano Buenos Aires, Dept Internal Med, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.;Argentine Soc Med, Board Directors, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Campos-Nonato, Ismael R.
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Hlth & Nutr Res Ctr, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Rincon, Julio Cesar Campuzano
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.;Univ Valley Cuernavaca, Sch Med, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Cao, Jackie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Car, Josip
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Nanyang Technol Univ, Ctr Populat Hlth Sci, Singapore, Singapore..
    Cardenas, Rosario
    Metropolitan Autonomous Univ, Dept Hlth Care, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Carreras, Giulia
    Inst Canc Res Prevent & Clin Network, Florence, Italy..
    Carrero, Juan J.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Carvalho, Felix
    Univ Porto, Res Unit Appl Mol Biosci UCIBIO, Porto, Portugal..
    Castaldelli-Maia, Joao Mauricio
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.
    Natl Inst Hlth, Colombian Natl Hlth Observ, Bogota, Colombia.;Univ Nacl Colombia, Epidemiol & Publ Hlth Evaluat Grp, Bogota, Colombia..
    Castelpietra, Giulio
    Univ Udine, Dept Med, Udine, Italy.;Healthcare Agcy Friuli Occidentale, Dept Mental Hlth, Pordenone, Italy..
    Castle, Chris D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Castro, Emma
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Castro, Franz
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Catala-Lopez, Ferran
    Inst Hlth Carlos III, Natl Sch Publ Hlth, Madrid, Spain.;Ottawa Hosp Res Inst, Clin Epidemiol Program, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Causey, Kate
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cederroth, Christopher R.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Nottingham, Natl Inst Hlth Res Nottingham Biomed Res Ctr, Nottingham, England..
    Cercy, Kelly M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cerin, Ester
    Australian Catholic Univ, Mary MacKillop Inst Hlth Res, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Hong Kong, Sch Publ Hlth, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Chalek, Julian
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Chandan, Joht Singh
    Univ Birmingham, Inst Appl Hlth Res, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Chang, Alex R.
    Geisinger Hlth Syst, Kidney Hlth Res Inst, Danville, PA USA..
    Chang, Angela Y.
    Univ Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Chang, Jung-Chen
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Coll Med, Taipei, Taiwan.;Natl Taiwan Univ Hosp, Dept Nursing, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Chang, Kai-Lan
    Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.;NOAA, Div Chem Sci, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA..
    Charan, Jaykaran
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India..
    Charlson, Fiona J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Queensland, Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Chattu, Vijay Kumar
    Univ Toronto, Dept Med, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Chaturvedi, Sarika
    DY Patil Univ, Res Dept, Pune, Maharashtra, India..
    Cherbuin, Nicolas
    Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Populat Hlth, Canberra, ACT, Australia..
    Chimed-Ochir, Odgerel
    Univ Occupat & Environm Hlth, Inst Ind Ecol Sci, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan..
    Chin, Ken Lee
    Monash Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Melbourne, Melbourne Med Sch, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Chirinos-Caceres, Jesus Lorenzo
    Cayetano Heredia Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Adm & Social Sci, Lima, Peru..
    Cho, Daniel Youngwhan
    Univ Washington, Div Plast Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Choi, Jee-Young Jasmine
    Seoul Natl Univ Hosp, Biomed Informat, Seoul, South Korea..
    Christensen, Hanne
    Univ Copenhagen, Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Chu, Dinh-Toi
    Hanoi Natl Univ Educ, Fac Biol, Hanoi, Vietnam..
    Chung, Michael T.
    Wayne State Univ, Dept Otolaryngol, Detroit, MI 48201 USA..
    Chung, Sheng-Chia
    UCL, Dept Hlth Informat, London, England.;Hlth Data Res UK, London, England..
    Cicuttini, Flavia M.
    Monash Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Ciobanu, Liliana G.
    Univ South Australia, Sch Pharm & Med Sci, Adelaide, SA, Australia.;Univ Adelaide, Adelaide Med Sch, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Cirillo, Massimo
    Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Publ Hlth, Naples, Italy..
    Cislaghi, Beniamino
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Global Hlth & Dev, London, England..
    Classen, Thomas Khaled Dwayne
    North Rhine Westphalia NRW Ctr Hlth, Dept Key Quest & Int Cooperat, Bochum, Germany.;Bielefeld Univ, Bielefeld Sch Publ Hlth, Bielefeld, Germany..
    Cohen, Aaron J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Hlth Effects Inst, Boston, MA USA..
    Collins, Emma L.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Comfort, Haley
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Compton, Kelly
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Conti, Sara
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Sch Med & Surg, Monza, Italy..
    Cooper, Owen R.
    Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.;NOAA, Chem Sci Lab, Boulder, CO USA..
    Corso, Barbara
    CNR, Inst Neurosci, Padua, Italy..
    Cortesi, Paolo Angelo
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Sch Med & Surg, Monza, Italy..
    Costa, Vera Marisa
    Univ Porto, Res Unit Appl Mol Biosci UCIBIO, Porto, Portugal..
    Cousin, Ewerton
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Cowden, Richard G.
    Univ Free State, Dept Psychol, Park West, South Africa..
    Cowie, Benjamin C.
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Peter Doherty Inst Infect & Immun, WHO Collaborating Ctr Viral Hepatitis, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Cromwell, Elizabeth A.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Croneberger, Andrew J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cross, Di H.
    NIH, Off Director, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Cross, Marita
    Univ Sydney, Fac Med & Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Crowe, Christopher Stephen
    Univ Washington, Div Plast & Reconstruct Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cruz, Jessica A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Cummins, Steven
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Publ Hlth Environm & Soc, London, England..
    Cunningham, Matthew
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Dahlawi, Saad M. A.
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dept Environm Hlth, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Dai, Haijiang
    Cent South Univ, Dept Cardiol, Changsha, Peoples R China.;York Univ, Dept Math & Stat, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Dai, Hancheng
    Peking Univ, Coll Environm Sci & Engn, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Damasceno, Albertino Antonio Moura
    Eduardo Mondlane Univ, Fac Med, Maputo, Mozambique..
    Damiani, Giovanni
    Univ Milan, IRCCS Ist Ortoped Galeazzi, Dermatol Clin, Milan, Italy.;Case Western Reserve Univ, Dept Dermatol, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA..
    D'Amico, Emanuele
    Univ Catania, Dept GF Ingrassia, Catania, Italy..
    Dandona, Lalit
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurugram, India..
    Dandona, Rakhi
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurugram, India..
    Daneshpajouhnejad, Parnaz
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Pathol, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Dangel, William James
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Danielsson, Anna-Karin
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gela, Jiregna Darega
    Ambo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Ambo, Ethiopia..
    Dargan, Paul I.
    Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, London, England.;Guys & St Thomas NHS Fdn Trust, Dept Clin Toxicol, London, England..
    Darwesh, Aso Mohammad
    Univ Human Dev, Dept Informat Technol, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Daryani, Ahmad
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Toxoplasmosis Res Ctr, Sari, Iran..
    Das, Jai K.
    Aga Khan Univ, Div Women & Child Hlth, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Das Gupta, Rajat
    Univ South Carolina, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Columbia, SC 29208 USA.;BRAC Univ, James P Grant Sch Publ Hlth, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Das Neves, Jose
    Univ Porto, Inst Res & Innovat Hlth, Porto, Portugal.;Univ Porto, Inst Biomed Engn INEB, Porto, Portugal..
    Dash, Aditya Prasad
    Cent Univ Tami Nadu, Thiruvarur, India..
    Davey, Gail
    Brighton & Sussex Med Sch, Dept Global Hlth & Infect, Brighton, E Sussex, England.;Addis Ababa Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Davila-Cervantes, Claudio Alberto
    Latin Amer Fac Social Sci Mexico, Dept Populat & Dev, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Davis, Adrian C.
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Surg & Canc, London, England.;UCL, Ear Inst, London, England..
    Davitoiu, Dragos Virgil
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Gen Surg, Bucharest, Romania.;Clin Emergency Hosp Sf Pantelimon, Dept Surg, Bucharest, Romania..
    Davletov, Kairat
    Al Farabi Kazakh Natl Univ, Hlth Res Inst, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan..
    De Leo, Diego
    Griffith Univ, Australian Inst Suicide Res & Prevent, Nathan, Qld, Australia..
    De Neve, Jan-Walter
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Dean, Frances E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    DeCleene, Nicole K.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Deen, Amanda
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Degenhardt, Louisa
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ New South Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    DeLang, Marissa
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Dellavalle, Robert Paul
    Dept Vet Affairs, Dermatol Serv, St Louis, MO USA.;Univ Colorado Denver, Dept Dermatol, Aurora, CO USA..
    Demeke, Feleke Mekonnen
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Med Lab Sci, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Demoz, Gebre Teklemariam
    Aksum Univ, Sch Pharm, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Demsie, Desalegn Getnet
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Pharm, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Denova-Gutierrez, Edgar
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Nutr & Hlth Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Dereje, Nebiyu Dereje
    Addis Ababa Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Wachemo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Hossana, Ethiopia..
    Deribe, Kebede
    Brighton & Sussex Med Sch, Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Ctr Global Hlth, Brighton, E Sussex, England.;Addis Ababa Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Dervenis, Nikolaos
    Royal Liverpool Univ Hosp, St Pauls Eye Unit, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.;Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Dept Ophthalmol, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Desai, Rupak
    Atlanta Vet Affairs Med Ctr, Div Cardiol, Decatur, GA USA..
    Desalew, Assefa
    Haramaya Univ, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Dessie, Getenet Ayalew
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Nursing, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Deuba, Keshab
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.;Save Children, Natl Ctr AIDS & STD Control, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Dharmaratne, Samath Dhamminda
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Peradeniya, Dept Community Med, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka..
    Dhungana, Govinda Prasad
    Far Western Univ, Dept Microbiol, Mahendranagar, Nepal..
    Dianatinasab, Mostafa
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Shiraz, Iran.;Shahroud Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Shahroud, Iran..
    da Silva, Diana Dias
    Univ Porto, Toxicol Lab, Porto, Portugal..
    Diaz, Daniel
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Ctr Complex Sci, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.;Autonomous Univ Sinaloa, Fac Vet Med & Zootechn, Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico..
    Forooshani, Zahra Sadat Dibaji
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Dichgans, Martin
    Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Inst Stroke & Dementia Res, Munich, Germany..
    Didarloo, Alireza
    Urmia Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Orumiyeh, Iran..
    Dingels, Zachary V.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Dippenaar, Ilse N.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Dirac, M. Ashworth
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Swedish Family Med First Hill, Seattle, WA USA..
    Djalalinia, Shirin
    Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Dev Res & Technol Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Do, Hoa Thi
    Nguyen Tat Thanh Univ, Ctr Excellence Publ Hlth Nutr, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Dokova, Klara
    Med Univ Varna, Dept Social Med & Hlth Care Org, Varna, Bulgaria..
    Doku, David Teye
    Univ Cape Coast, Dept Populat & Hlth, Cape Coast, Ghana..
    Dolecek, Christiane
    Univ Oxford, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit, Bangkok, Thailand..
    Dolgert, Andrew J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Dorostkar, Fariba
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Fac Allied Med, Tehran, Iran..
    Doshi, Chirag P.
    Univ Southern Calif, Keck Sch Med, Los Angeles, CA 90007 USA..
    Doshi, Pratik P.
    Duke Univ, Sch Med, Durham, NC USA..
    Doshmangir, Leila
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Tabriz, Iran..
    Douiri, Abdel
    Kings Coll London, Sch Populat Hlth & Environm Sci, London, England..
    Doxey, Matthew C.
    Seattle Indian Hlth Board, Urban Indian Hlth Inst, Seattle, WA USA..
    Doyle, Kerrie E.
    Western Sydney Univ, Sch Med, Sydney, Vic, Australia.;RMIT Univ, Hlth Sci, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Driscoll, Tim Robert
    Univ Sydney, Sydney Sch Publ Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Dubljanin, Eleonora
    Univ Belgrade, Inst Microbiol & Immunol, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Dunachie, Susanna J.
    Univ Oxford, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit, Bangkok, Thailand..
    Duncan, Bruce B.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Duraes, Andre Rodrigues
    Univ Fed Bahia, Sch Med, Salvador, BA, Brazil.;Escola Bahiana Med & Saude Publ, Dept Internal Med, Salvador, BA, Brazil..
    Eagan, Arielle Wilder
    Harvard Univ, Dept Global Hlth & Social Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Tufts Med Ctr, Dept Social Serv, Boston, MA 02111 USA..
    Ebrahimi, Hedyeh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Liver & Pancreaticobilliary Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Kalan, Mohammad Ebrahimi
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Miami, FL 33199 USA..
    Edvardsson, David
    La Trobe Univ, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Umeå Univ, Dept Nursing, Umeå, Sweden..
    Effiong, Andem
    Univ Newcastle, Ctr Clin Epidemiol & Biostat, Newcastle, NSW, Australia..
    Ehrlich, Joshua R.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Ophthalmol & Visual Sci, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.;Univ Michigan, Inst Hlth Care Policy & Innovat, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    El Nahas, Nevine
    Ain Shams Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    El Sayed, Iman
    Alexandria Univ, Biomed Informat & Med Stat Dept, Alexandria, Egypt..
    Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed
    Mansoura Univ, Dept Clin Pathol, Mansoura, Egypt..
    El Tantawi, Maha
    Alexandria Univ, Pediat Dent & Dent Publ Hlth Dept, Alexandria, Egypt..
    Elbarazi, Iffat
    Abu Dhabi Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Khalifa City, U Arab Emirates..
    Elgendy, Islam Y.
    Harvard Univ, Dept Cardiol, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Div Cardiol, Boston, MA 02114 USA..
    Elhabashy, Hala Rashad
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurophysiol, Cairo, Egypt..
    El-Jaafary, Shaimaa I.
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Elsharkawy, Aisha
    Cairo Univ, Endem Med & Hepatogastroentrol Dept, Cairo, Egypt..
    Elyazar, Iqbal R. F.
    Eijkman Inst Mol Biol, Eijkman Oxford Clin Res Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia..
    Emamian, Mohammad Hassan
    Shahroud Univ Med Sci, Ophthalm Epidemiol Res Ctr, Shahroud, Iran..
    Emmons-Bell, Sophia
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Erskine, Holly E.
    Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Eshrati, Babak
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Eskandari, Khalil
    Kerman Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Chem, Kerman, Iran.;Kerman Univ Med Sci, Pharmaceut Res Ctr, Kerman, Iran..
    Eskandarieh, Sharareh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Multiple Sclerosis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Esmaeilnejad, Saman
    Islamic Azad Univ, Tehran Med Sci Branch, Kermanshah, Iran.;Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Physiol, Tehran, Iran..
    Esmaeilzadeh, Firooz
    Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Maragheh, Iran..
    Esteghamati, Alireza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Esteghamati, Sadaf
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Estep, Kara
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Etemadi, Arash
    NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Etisso, Atkilt Esaiyas
    Hawassa Univ, Unit Med Physiol, Hawassa, Ethiopia..
    Ezekannagha, Oluchi
    Int Inst Trop Agr, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Fanzo, Jessica
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Adv Int Studies, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Farag, Tamer
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Farahmand, Mohammad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sch Publ Hlth, Tehran, Iran..
    Faraj, Anwar
    Univ Human Dev, Dept Polit Sci, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Faraon, Emerito Jose A.
    Univ Philippines Manila, Dept Hlth Policy & Adm, Manila, Philippines..
    Fareed, Mohammad
    Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic Univ, Coll Med, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Faridnia, Roghiyeh
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Parasitol, Sari, Iran..
    Farinha, Carla Sofia e Sa
    Natl Inst Stat, Disseminat Div, Lisbon, Portugal.;Directorate Gen Hlth DGS, Activ Planning & Control Unit, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Farioli, Andrea
    Univ Bologna, Dept Med & Surg Sci, Bologna, Italy..
    Faris, Pawan Sirwan
    Univ Pavia, Dept Biol & Biotechnol Lazzaro Spallanzani, Pavia, Italy.;Salahaddin Univ Erbil, Dept Biol, Erbil, Iraq..
    Faro, Andre
    Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Psychol, Sao Cristovao, Brazil..
    Faruque, Mithila
    Bangladesh Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Noncommunicable Dis, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Farzadfar, Farshad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Fattahi, Nazir
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Fazaeli, Ali Akbar
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Hlth Policy Management & Econ, Tehran, Iran..
    Fazlzadeh, Mehdi
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Tehran, Iran.;Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Ardebil, Iran..
    Feigin, Valery L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Auckland Univ Technol, Natl Inst Stroke & Appl Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Feldman, Rachel
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Ottawa, Div Neurol, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Fernandes, Eduarda
    Univ Porto, Associated Lab Green Chem LAQV, Porto, Portugal..
    Ferrara, Giannina
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ferrara, Pietro
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Res Ctr Publ Hlth, Monza, Italy..
    Ferrari, Alize J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Ferreira, Manuela L.
    Univ Sydney, Inst Bone & Joint Res, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Feyissa, Garumma Tolu
    Jimma Univ, Dept Hlth Educ & Behav Sci, Jimma, Ethiopia..
    Filip, Irina
    Kaiser Permanente, Dept Psychiat, Fontana, CA USA.;AT Still Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Mesa, AZ USA..
    Fischer, Florian
    Ravensburg Weingarten Univ Appl Sci, Inst Gerontol Hlth Serv & Nursing Res, Weingarten, Germany..
    Fisher, James L.
    Ohio State Univ, James Canc Hosp, Columbus, OH 43210 USA..
    Fitzgerald, Ryan
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Flohr, Carsten
    Kings Coll London, Unit Populat Based Dermatol Res, London, England..
    Flor, Luisa Sorio
    Sergio Arouca Natl Sch Publ Hlth, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.;Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Vitoria, ES, Brazil..
    Foigt, Nataliya A.
    Natl Acad Med Sci Ukraine, Inst Gerontol, Kiev, Ukraine..
    Folayan, Morenike Oluwatoyin
    Obafemi Awolowo Univ, Dept Child Dent Hlth, Ife, Nigeria..
    Fomenkov, Artem Alekseevich
    Timiryazev Inst Plant Physiol, Dept Cell Biol & Biotechnol, Moscow, Russia..
    Force, Lisa M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;St Jude Childrens Res Hosp, Dept Global Pediat Med, 332 N Lauderdale St, Memphis, TN 38105 USA..
    Fornari, Carla
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Sch Med & Surg, Monza, Italy..
    Foroutan, Masoud
    Abadan Sch Med Sci, Abadan Fac Med Sci, Abadan, Iran..
    Fox, Jack T.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Francis, Joel Msafiri
    Univ Witwatersrand, Dept Family Med & Primary Care, Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Frank, Tahvi D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Franklin, Richard Charles
    James Cook Univ, Coll Publ Hlth Med & Vet Sci, Douglas, Qld, Australia..
    Freitas, Marisa
    Univ Porto, Associated Lab Green Chem LAQV, Porto, Portugal..
    Fu, Weijia
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Fukumoto, Takeshi
    Kobe Univ, Dept Dermatol, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan..
    Fukutaki, Kai
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Fuller, John E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Fullman, Nancy
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Furtado, Joao M.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Div Ophthalmol, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Gad, Mohamed M.
    Univ N Carolina, Gillings Sch Global Publ Hlth, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA.;Cleveland Clin, Dept Cardiovasc Med, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA..
    Gaidhane, Abhay Motiramji
    Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Wardha, India..
    Gakidou, Emmanuela
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Galles, Natalie C.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gallus, Silvano
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy..
    Gamkrelidze, Amiran
    Natl Ctr Dis Control & Publ Hlth, Tbilisi, Georgia..
    Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.
    Manh Hlth Res Ctr CISM, Dept TB, Manhica, Mozambique.;Barcelona Inst Global Hlth, Viral & Bacterial Infect Res Program, Barcelona, Spain..
    Gardner, William M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Geberemariyam, Biniyam Sahiledengle
    Madda Walabu Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Bale Robe, Ethiopia..
    Gebrehiwot, Abiyu Mekonnen
    Haramaya Univ, Dept Med Lab Sci, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Gebremedhin, Ketema Bizuwork
    Addis Ababa Univ, Dept Nursing & Midwifery, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Gebremeskel, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Nursing, Mekelle, Ethiopia.;Aksum Univ, Dept Nursing, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Gebremeskel, Leake G.
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Pharm, Mekelle, Ethiopia.;Aksum Univ, Sch Pharm, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Gebresillassie, Begashaw Melaku
    Univ Gondar, Dept Clin Pharm, Gondar, Ethiopia.;Newcastle Univ, Sch Med & Publ Hlth, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Gebreslassie, Assefa Ayalew Ayalew Ayalew
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Reprod Hlth, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Geramo, Yilma Chisha Dea
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Geremew, Abraham
    Haramaya Univ, Dept Environm Hlth, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Hayoon, Anna Gershberg
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gesesew, Hailay Abrha
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Mekelle, Ethiopia.;Flinders Univ S Australia, Coll Med & Publ Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Gething, Peter W.
    Curtin Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Perth, WA, Australia.;Telethon Kids Inst, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Gezae, Kebede Embaye
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Biostat, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Ghadimi, Maryam
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Radiol & Radiol Sci, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Ghadiri, Keyghobad
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Infect Dis Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Pediat, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Ghaffarifar, Fatemeh
    Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Parasitol & Entomol, Tehran, Iran..
    Ghafourifard, Mansour
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Surg Nursing, Tabriz, Iran..
    Ghajar, Alireza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Ghamari, Farhad
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Occupat Hlth, Arak, Iran..
    Ghashghaee, Ahmad
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Student Res Comm, Tehran, Iran..
    Ghiasvand, Hesam
    Univ Exeter, Inst Hlth Res, Exeter, Devon, England..
    Ghith, Nermin
    Tech Univ Denmark, Res Grp Genom Epidemiol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Gholamian, Asadollah
    Islamic Azad Univ, Dept Biol, Kermanshah, Iran.;Islamic Azad Univ, Young Researchers & Elite Club, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Ghosh, Rakesh
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Inst Global Hlth Sci, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA..
    Giampaoli, Simona
    Italian Natl Inst Hlth, Dept Cardiovasc Endocrine Metab Dis & Aging, Rome, Italy..
    Gilani, Syed Amir
    Univ Lahore, Fac Allied Hlth Sci, Lahore, Pakistan.;Afro Asian Inst, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Gill, Paramjit Singh
    Univ Warwick, Sch Med, Coventry, W Midlands, England..
    Gill, Tiffany K.
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide Med Sch, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Gillum, Richard F.
    Howard Univ, Dept Community & Family Med, Washington, DC 20059 USA.;Howard Univ, Div Gen Internal Med, Washington, DC 20059 USA..
    Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageed
    Minist Hlth, Family Med Res Ctr, Hail, Saudi Arabia..
    Ginindza, Themba G.
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Discipline Publ Hlth Med, Durban, South Africa..
    Gitimoghaddam, Mojgan
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Pediat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Giussani, Giorgia
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Lab Neurol Disorders, Milan, Italy..
    Glagn, Mustefa
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Glushkova, Ekaterina Vladimirovna
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Gnedovskaya, Elena V.
    Res Ctr Neurol, Dept Neurol 3, Moscow, Russia..
    Godinho, Myron Anthony
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Goharinezhad, Salime
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Golechha, Mahaveer
    Indian Inst Publ Hlth Gandhinagar, Hlth Syst & Policy Res, Gandhinagar, India..
    Goli, Srinivas
    Jawahar Lal Nehru Univ, Ctr Studies Reg Dev CSRD, New Delhi, India.;Univ Western Australia, Publ Policy Inst, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Gomez, Ricardo Santiago
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Oral Surg & Pathol, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Gona, Philimon N.
    Univ Massachusetts Boston, Dept Exercise & Hlth Sci, Boston, MA USA..
    Gopalani, Sameer Vali
    Univ Oklahoma, Hlth Sci Ctr, Hudson Coll Publ Hlth, Oklahoma City, OK USA.;Govt Federated States Micronesia, Dept Hlth & Social Affairs, Palikir, Micronesia..
    Goren, Emily
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gorini, Giuseppe
    Inst Canc Res Prevent & Clin Network, Oncol Network Prevent & Res Inst, Florence, Italy..
    Gorman, Taren M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gottlich, Harrison Chase
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Goudarzi, Houman
    Hokkaido Univ, Ctr Environm & Hlth Sci, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.;Hokkaido Univ, Dept Resp Med, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan..
    Goudarzian, Amir Hossein
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Fac Nursing & Midwifery, Sari, Iran..
    Goulart, Alessandra C.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Clin & Epidemiol Res, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Internal Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Goulart, Barbara Niegia Garcia
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Grada, Ayman
    Boston Univ, Dept Dermatol, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Greaves, Felix
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Publ Hlth England, Hlth Improvement Directorate, London, England..
    Grivna, Michal
    United Arab Emirates Univ, Inst Publ Hlth, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Al Ain, U Arab Emirates.;Charles Univ Prague, Dept Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Grosso, Giuseppe
    Univ Catania, Dept Biomed & Biotechnol Sci, Catania, Italy..
    Gubari, Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen
    Univ Sulaimani, Dept Family & Community Med, Sulaimani, Iraq..
    Gudi, Nachiket
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Hlth Policy, Mangalore, India..
    Gugnani, Harish Chander
    St James Sch Med, Dept Epidemiol, The Valley, Anguilla.;St James Sch Med, Dept Microbiol, The Valley, Anguilla..
    Guimaraes, Andre Luiz Sena
    Univ Estadual Montes Claros, Sch Dent, Montes Claros, MG, Brazil..
    Guimaraes, Rafael Alves
    Univ Fed Goias, Inst Trop Pathol & Publ Hlth IPTSP, Goiania, Go, Brazil..
    Guled, Rashid Abdi
    Jigjiga Univ, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Gultie, Teklemariam
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Midwifery, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Guo, Gaorui
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Guo, Yuming
    Monash Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Binzhou Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Yantai, Peoples R China. Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Sevagram, India..
    Gupta, Rahul
    Eternal Heart Care Ctr & Res Inst, Dept Prevent Cardiol, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.;March Dimes, Med Resources, Arlington, VA USA..
    Gupta, Rajeev
    Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci, Dept Med, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.;West Virginia Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hlth Policy Management & Leadership, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA..
    Sharan, Subodh
    Gupta, Tarun
    Indian Inst Technol Kanpur, Dept Civil Engn, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Haagsma, Juanita A.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Publ Hlth, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Hachinski, Vladimir
    Univ Western Ontario, Clin Neurol Sci, London, ON, Canada.;Lawson Hlth Res Inst, London, ON, Canada..
    Haddock, Beatrix
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hafezi-Nejad, Nima
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sch Med, Tehran, Iran.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Radiol & Radiol Sci, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Hafiz, Abdul
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Epidemiol Programme, London, England.;Umm AL Qura Univ, Coll Med, Mecca, Saudi Arabia..
    Hagins, Hailey
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Haile, Lydia M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Haile, Teklehaimanot Gereziher
    Aksum Univ, Dept Nursing, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Haj-Mirzaian, Arvin
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Tehran, Iran.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Radiol & Radiol Sci, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Haj-Mirzaian, Arya
    Hall, Brian J.
    Univ Macau, Dept Psychol, Macau, Peoples R China..
    Halvaei, Iman
    Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Anat Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Hamadeh, Randah R.
    Arabian Gulf Univ, Dept Family & Community Med, Manama, Bahrain..
    Abdullah, Kanaan Hamagharib
    Univ Human Dev, Coll Law & Polit Sci, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Hameed, Sajid
    Univ Lahore, Univ Inst Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Hamidi, Samer
    Hamdan Bin Mohammed Smart Univ, Sch Hlth & Environm Studies, Dubai, U Arab Emirates..
    Hamilton, Erin B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hammer, Melanie S.
    Washington Univ, Dept Energy Environm & Chem Engn, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Dalhousie Univ, Dept Phys & Atmospher Sci, Halifax, NS, Canada..
    Han, Chieh
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Han, Hannah
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Handiso, Demelash Woldeyohannes
    Wachemo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Hossana, Ethiopia..
    Hanif, Asif
    Univ Lahore, Univ Inst Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Hankey, Graeme J.
    Univ Western Australia, Sch Med, Perth, WA, Australia.;Sir Charles Gairdner Hosp, Dept Neurol, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Haririan, Hamidreza
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Tabriz, Iran..
    Haro, Josep Maria
    Univ Barcelona, Res Unit, Barcelona, Spain.;Biomed Res Networking Ctr Mental Hlth Network Cib, Barcelona, Spain..
    Harvey, James D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hasaballah, Ahmed I.
    Al Azhar Univ, Dept Zool & Entomol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Hasan, Md Mehedi
    Univ Queensland, ARC Ctr Excellence Children & Families Life Cours, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Univ Queensland, Social Sci Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Hasanpoor, Edris
    Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Healthcare Management, Maragheh, Iran..
    Hasanzadeh, Amir
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Microbiol, Tehran, Iran.;Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Microbiol, Maragheh, Iran..
    Hashemian, Maryam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran.;Utica Coll, Dept Biol, Utica, NY 13502 USA..
    Hashi, Abdiwahab
    Jigjiga Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Hassan, Amr
    Cairo Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Hassan, Shoaib
    Univ Bergen, Ctr Int Hlth CIH, Bergen, Norway.;Univ Bergen, Bergen Ctr Eth & Prior Setting BCEPS, Bergen, Norway..
    Hassanipour, Soheil
    Guilan Univ Med Sci, Caspian Digest Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran.;Guilan Univ Med Sci, Gastrointestinal & Liver Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran..
    Hassankhani, Hadi
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz, Iran..
    Havmoeller, Rasmus J.
    Skaane Cty Council, Skaane Univ Hosp, Malmö, Sweden..
    Hay, Roderick J.
    Kings Coll London, St Johns Inst Dermatol, London, England.;Int Fdn Dermatol, London, England..
    Hay, Simon I.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hayat, Khezar
    Univ Vet & Anim Sci, Inst Pharmaceut Sci, Lahore, Pakistan.;Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Dept Pharm Adm & Clin Pharm, Xian, Peoples R China..
    Heibati, Behzad
    Univ Oulu, Ctr Environm & Resp Hlth Res, Oulu, Finland..
    Heidari, Behnam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Heidari, Golnaz
    Heidari-Soureshjani, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Tehran, Iran..
    Hendrie, Delia
    Curtin Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Henny, Kiana
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Henok, Andualem
    Mizan Tepi Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia..
    Henrikson, Hannah J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Henry, Nathaniel J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Herbert, Molly E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Herteliu, Claudiu
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania.;London South Bank Univ, Sch Business, London, England..
    Heydarpour, Fatemeh
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Med Biol Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Hird, Thomas R.
    Univ Bath, Dept Hlth, Bath, Avon, England..
    Ho, Hung Chak
    Univ Hong Kong, Dept Urban Planning & Design, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Hoek, Hans W.
    Univ Groningen, Dept Psychiat, Groningen, Netherlands.;Columbia Univ, Dept Epidemiol, New York, NY USA..
    Hole, Michael K.
    Univ Texas Austin, Dept Pediat, Austin, TX 78712 USA..
    Holla, Ramesh
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Kasturba Med Coll, Mangalore, India..
    Hollingsworth, Bruce
    Univ Lancaster, Dept Hlth Econ, Lancaster, Lancs, England..
    Hoogar, Praveen
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Ctr Bio Cultural Studies CBiCS, Mangalore, India..
    Hopf, Kathleen Pillsbury
    Operat Smile, Metr & Evaluat, Virginia Beach, VA USA..
    Horita, Nobuyuki
    NHGRI, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Yokohama City Univ, Dept Pulmonol, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Hosgood, H. Dean
    Albert Einstein Coll Med, Dept Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, Bronx, NY 10467 USA..
    Hossain, Naznin
    Bangladesh Ind Gases Ltd, Dept Pharmacol, Tangail, Bangladesh..
    Hosseini, Mostafa
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Pediat Chron Kidney Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi
    Univ Human Dev, Dept Comp Sci, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Hostiuc, Mihaela
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Internal Med, Bucharest, Romania..
    Hostiuc, Sorin
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Legal Med & Bioeth, Bucharest, Romania.;Natl Inst Legal Med Mina Minovici, Clin Legal Med Dept, Bucharest, Romania..
    Househ, Mowafa
    Hamad Bin Khalifa Univ, Div Informat & Comp Technol, Doha, Qatar..
    Hoy, Damian G.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Hsairi, Mohamed
    Univ Tunis El Manar, Fac Med Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia..
    Hsiao, Thomas
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hsieh, Vivian Chia-Rong
    China Med Univ, Dept Hlth Serv Adm, Taichung, Taiwan..
    Hu, Guoqing
    Cent South Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Hlth Stat, Changsha, Peoples R China..
    Hu, Kejia
    Zhejiang Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Hangzhou, Peoples R China..
    Huda, Tanvir M.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney Sch Publ Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Hugo, Fernando N.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Prevent & Social Dent, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Humayun, Ayesha
    Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Med Coll, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Hussain, Rabia
    Univ Sci Malaysia, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, George Town, Malaysia..
    Huynh, Chantal K.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hwang, Bing-Fang
    Kings Coll London, Sch Populat Hlth & Environm Sci, London, England.;China Med Univ, Dept Occupat Safety & Hlth, Taichung, Taiwan..
    Iannucci, Vincent C.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Iavicoli, Ivo
    Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Publ Hlth, Naples, Italy..
    Ibeneme, Charles Ugochukwu
    African Field Epidemiol Network, Nigerian Field Epidemiol & Lab Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria.;Minist Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth & Dis Control, Umuahia, Nigeria.;Duke Kunshan Univ, Global Hlth Res Ctr, Kunshan, Peoples R China..
    Ibitoye, Segun Emmanuel
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Hlth Promot & Educ, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Ikeda, Nayu
    Natl Inst Biomed Innovat Hlth & Nutr, Int Ctr Nutr & Informat, Tokyo, Japan..
    Ikuta, Kevin S.
    Univ Washington, Div Allergy & Infect Dis, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen
    Univ Coll Hosp, Dept Community Med, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Univ Ibadan, Dept Community Med, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Ilic, Irena M.
    Univ Belgrade, Fac Med, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Ilic, Milena D.
    Univ Kragujevac, Dept Epidemiol, Kragujevac, Serbia..
    Imani-Nasab, Mohammad Hasan
    Lorestan Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Khorramabad, Iran..
    Inbaraj, Leeberk Raja
    Bangalore Baptist Hosp, Div Community Hlth & Family Med, Bangalore, Karnataka, India..
    Ippolito, Helen
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Iqbal, Usman
    Taipei Med Univ, Coll Publ Hlth, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Irvine, Caleb Mackay Salpeter
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Islam, M. Mofizul
    Taipei Med Univ, Grad Inst Biomed Informat, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Islam, MdMohaimenul
    La Trobe Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful
    Deakin Univ, Inst Phys Act & Nutr, Burwood, Vic, Australia.;Univ Sydney, Sydney Med Sch, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Islami, Farhad
    Amer Canc Soc, Surveillance & Hlth Serv Res, Atlanta, GA 30329 USA..
    Iso, Hiroyasu
    Osaka Univ, Dept Social Med, Suita, Osaka, Japan..
    Ivers, Rebecca Q.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Iwu, Chidozie C. D.
    Univ Ft Hare, Dept Biochem & Microbiol, Alice, South Africa..
    Iwu, Chinwe Juliana
    Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Global Hlth, Cape Town, South Africa.;South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Iyamu, Ihoghosa Osamuyi
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada.;Ctr Hlth Evaluat & Outcome Sci, Knowledge Translat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Jaafari, Jalil
    Guilan Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Rasht, Iran..
    Jacobsen, Kathryn H.
    George Mason Univ, Dept Global & Community Hlth, Fairfax, VA 22030 USA..
    Jadidi-Niaragh, Farhad
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Immunol, Tabriz, Iran..
    Jafari, Hussain
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Jafarinia, Morteza
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Dept Immunol, Esfahan, Iran..
    Jahagirdar, Deepa
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Jahani, Mohammad Ali
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Babol, Iran..
    Jahanmehr, Nader
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Safety Promot & Injury Prevent Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Sch Management & Med Educ, Tehran, Iran..
    Jakovljevic, Mihajlo
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, NA Semashko Dept Publ Hlth & Healthcare, Moscow, Russia.;Univ Kragujevac, Dept Global Hlth Econ & Policy, Kragujevac, Serbia..
    Jalali, Amir
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Hlth Inst, Kermanshah, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Subst Abuse Prevent Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Jalilian, Farzad
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    James, Spencer L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Janjani, Hosna
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth Engn, Tehran, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Janodia, Manthan Dilipkumar
    Javaheri, Tahereh
    Boston Univ, Hlth Informat Lab, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Javidnia, Javad
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Mycol, Sari, Iran..
    Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra
    Univ Colombo, Postgrad Inst Med, Colombo, Sri Lanka.;Inst Violence & Injury Prevent, Fac Grad Studies, Colombo, Sri Lanka..
    Jeemon, Panniyammakal
    Sree Chitra Tirunal Inst Med Sci & Technol, Achutha Menon Ctr Hlth Sci Studies, Trivandrum, Kerala, India..
    Jenabi, Ensiyeh
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Autism Spectrum Disorders Res Ctr, Hamadan, Iran..
    Jha, Ravi Prakash
    Baba Saheb Ambedkar Med Coll & Hosp, Dept Community Med, Delhi, India.;Banaras Hindu Univ, Dept Community Med, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Jha, Vivekanand
    Univ New South Wales, George Inst Global Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Mangalore, India..
    Ji, John S.
    Duke Univ, Nicholas Sch Environm, Durham, NC USA.;Duke Kunshan Univ, Environm Res Ctr, Kunshan, Peoples R China..
    Jia, Peng
    Univ Twente, Dept Earth Observat Sci, Enschede, Netherlands..
    Johansson, Lars
    John, Oommen
    Univ New South Wales, Dept Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Univ New South Wales, Renal & Cardiovasc Div, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    John-Akinola, Yetunde O.
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Hlth Promot & Educ, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Johnson, Catherine Owens
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Johnson, Sarah Charlotte
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Jonas, Jost B.
    Heidelberg Univ, Dept Ophthalmol, Heidelberg, Germany.;Beijing Tongren Hosp, Beijing Inst Ophthalmol, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Joo, Tamas
    Semmelweis Univ, Hlth Serv Management Training Ctr, Budapest, Hungary..
    Joshi, Ankur
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med & Family Med, Bhopal, India..
    Joukar, Farahnaz
    Guilan Univ Med Sci, Caspian Digest Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran.;Guilan Univ Med Sci, Gastrointestinal & Liver Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran..
    Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy
    Univ Opole, Dept Family Med & Publ Hlth, Opole, Poland..
    Jurisson, Mikk
    Univ Tartu, Inst Family Med & Publ Hlth, Tartu, Estonia..
    Kabir, Ali
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Minimally Invas Surg Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Kabir, Zubair
    Univ Coll Cork, Sch Publ Hlth, Cork, Ireland..
    Kalani, Hamed
    Univ Washington, Dept Neurol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Golestan Univ Med Sci, Infect Dis Res Ctr, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran..
    Kalani, Rizwan
    Kalankesh, Leila R.
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Hlth Serv Management Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Kalhor, Rohollah
    Qazvin Univ Med Sci, Hlth Serv Management Dept, Qazvin, Iran.;Qazvin Univ Med Sci, Inst Prevent Noncommunicable Dis, Qazvin, Iran..
    Kamath, Aruna M.
    Univ Washington, Dept Anesthesiol & Pain Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kamiab, Zahra
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Unit, Rafsanjan, Iran.;Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Family Med, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Kanchan, Tanuj
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India..
    Kapoor, Neeti
    Govt Inst Forens Sci, Dept Forens Sci, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India..
    Matin, Behzad Karami
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Karanikolos, Marina
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Hlth Serv Res & Policy, London, England.;London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, European Observ Hlth Syst & Policies, London, England..
    Karch, Andre
    Univ Munster, Inst Epidemiol & Social Med, Munster, Germany..
    Karim, Mohd Anisul
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Oxford, England.;Ctr Therapeut Target Validat, Cambridge, England..
    Karimi, Salah Eddin
    Karimi, Seyed Asaad
    Karimi, Seyed M.
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran.;Hamedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Neurosci, Hamadan, Iran.;Hamedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Physiol, Hamadan, Iran.;Univ Louisville, Dept Hlth Management & Syst Sci, Louisville, KY 40292 USA.;Louisville Metro Dept Publ Hlth & Wellness, Ctr Hlth Equ, Louisville, KY USA..
    Kasa, Ayele Semachew
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Adult Hlth Nursing, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Kassa, Getachew Mullu
    Debre Markos Univ, Coll Hlth Sci, Debre Markos, Ethiopia..
    Kassebaum, Nicholas J.
    Univ Washington, Dept Anesthesiol & Pain Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal
    Univ Glasgow, MRC CSO Social & Publ Hlth Sci Unit, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Kawakami, Norito
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Mental Hlth, Tokyo, Japan..
    Kayode, Gbenga A.
    Inst Human Virol Nigeria, Int Res Ctr Excellence, Abuja, Nigeria.;Univ Utrecht, Julius Ctr Hlth Sci & Primary Care, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Karyani, Ali Kazemi
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Keddie, Suzanne H.
    Univ Oxford, Big Data Inst, Oxford, England..
    Keiyoro, Peter Njenga
    Univ Nairobi, Open Distance & eLearning Campus, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Keller, Cathleen
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kemmer, Laura
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kendrick, Parkes J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kereselidze, Maia
    Natl Ctr Dis Control & Publ Hlth, Tbilisi, Georgia..
    Khader, Yousef Saleh
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Publ Hlth, Irbid, Jordan..
    Khafaie, Morteza Abdullatif
    Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Ahwaz, Iran..
    Khalid, Nauman
    Univ Management & Technol, Sch Food & Agr Sci, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Khammarnia, Mohammad
    Zahedan Univ Med Sci, Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Zahedan, Iran..
    Khan, Ejaz Ahmad
    Hlth Serv Acad, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Islamabad, Pakistan..
    Khan, Gulfaraz
    United Arab Emirates Univ, Dept Med Microbiol & Immunol, Al Ain, U Arab Emirates..
    Khan, Maseer
    Jazan Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Jazan, Saudi Arabia..
    Khang, Young-Ho
    Seoul Natl Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Seoul, South Korea.;Seoul Natl Univ, Inst Hlth Policy & Management, Seoul, South Korea..
    Khatab, Khaled
    Sheffield Hallam Univ, Fac Hlth & Wellbeing, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England.;Ohio Univ, Coll Arts & Sci, Zanesville, OH USA..
    Khater, Amir M.
    Cairo Univ, Natl Hepatol & Trop Med Res Inst, Cairo, Egypt..
    Khater, Mona M.
    Cairo Univ, Dept Med Parasitol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Khatib, Mahalaqua Nazli
    Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci, Global Evidence Synth Initiat, Wardha, India..
    Khayamzadeh, Maryam
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.;Iranian Acad Med Sci, Tehran, Iran..
    Khazaei, Salman
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Khazaie, Habibolah
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Psychiat, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Khodayari, Mohammad Taghi
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Tabriz, Iran.;Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Maragheh, Iran..
    Khoja, Abdullah T.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA.;Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Khubchandani, Jagdish
    Ball State Univ, Dept Nutr & Hlth Sci, Muncie, IN 47306 USA..
    Khundkar, Roba
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Surg Sci, Oxford, England..
    Kianipour, Neda
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Kieling, Christian
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Psychiat, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.;Clin Hosp, Div Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Kim, Cho-Il
    Korea Hlth Ind Dev Inst, Cheongju, South Korea..
    Kim, Daniel
    Northeastern Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Kim, Young-Eun
    Korea Univ, Dept Prevent Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Kim, Yun Jin
    Xiamen Univ Malaysia, Sch Tradit Chinese Med, Sepang, Malaysia..
    Kimokoti, Ruth W.
    Simmons Univ, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA USA..
    Kinfu, Yohannes
    Univ Canberra, Fac Hlth, Canberra, ACT, Australia.;Qatar Univ, Coll Med, Doha, Qatar..
    Kisa, Adnan
    Kristiania Univ Coll, Sch Hlth Sci, Oslo, Norway.;Tulane Univ, Global Community Hlth & Behav Sci, New Orleans, LA 70118 USA..
    Kisa, Sezer
    Oslo Metropolitan Univ, Dept Nursing & Hlth Promot, Oslo, Norway..
    Kissimova-Skarbek, Katarzyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, Dept Hlth Econ & Social Secur, Krakow, Poland..
    Kissoon, Niranjan
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Pediat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Kivimaki, Mika
    UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kneib, Cameron J.
    Univ Washington, Div Plast Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Knibbs, Luke D.
    Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Knight, Megan
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Dis Burden, Bergen, Norway..
    Kocarnik, Jonathan M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Fred Hutchinson Canc Res Ctr, Div Publ Hlth Sci, 1124 Columbia St, Seattle, WA 98104 USA..
    Kochhar, Sonali
    Univ Washington, Dept Global Hlth, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Global Healthcare Consulting, New Delhi, India..
    Koh, David S. Q.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore.;Inst Hlth Sci, Gadong, Brunei..
    Kohler, Stefan
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Kolola, Tufa
    Ambo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Ambo, Ethiopia..
    Komaki, Hamidreza
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Neurophysiol Res Ctr, Hamadan, Iran.;Inst Res Fundamental Sci, Brain Engn Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Kopec, Jacek A.
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada.;Arthrit Res Canada, Richmond, BC, Canada..
    Korotkova, Anna V.
    Minist Hlth FRIHOI, Fed Res Inst Hlth Org & Informat, Moscow, Russia..
    Korshunov, Vladimir Andreevich
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Kosen, Soewarta
    Kotlo, Anirudh
    Vancouver Virol Ctr, Dept Global Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Koul, Parvaiz A.
    Sheri Kashmir Inst Med Sci, Dept Internal & Pulm Med, Srinagar, India..
    Koyanagi, Ai
    Catalan Inst Res & Adv Studies ICREA, Barcelona, Spain.;Biomed Res Networking Ctr Mental Hlth Network CIB, San Juan Dios Sanitary Pk, St Boi De Llobregat, Spain..
    Kraemer, Moritz U. G.
    Harvard Univ, Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Oxford, England..
    Kravchenko, Michael A.
    Res Ctr Neurol, Moscow, Russia..
    Krishan, Kewal
    Panjab Univ, Dept Anthropol, Chandigarh, India. Govt Med Coll Thrissur, Dept Psychiat, Trichur, India. Kerala Univ Hlth Scinces, Trichur, India..
    Krohn, Kris J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Kromhout, Hans
    Univ Utrecht, Inst Risk Assessment Sci IRAS, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Shaji, K. S.
    Defo, Barthelemy Kuate
    Univ Montreal, Dept Demog, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Univ Montreal, Dept Social & Prevent Med, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Bicer, Burcu Kucuk
    Gazi Univ, Dept Med Educ & Informat, Ankara, Turkey..
    Kugbey, Nuworza
    Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dept Family & Community Hlth, Ho, Ghana..
    Kulkarni, Vaman
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India..
    Kumar, G. Anil
    Kumar, Manasi
    UCL, Div Psychol & Language Sci, London, England.;Univ Nairobi, Dept Psychiat, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Kumar, Nithin
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India..
    Kumar, Pushpendra
    Kumar, Vivek
    Harvard Univ, Brigham & Womens Hosp, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Kumaresh, Girikumar
    Indian Inst Technol, Mech & Ind Engn, Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Kurmi, Om P.
    McMaster Univ, Dept Med, Hamilton, ON, Canada.;Univ Birmingham, Inst Occupat & Environm Med, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Kusuma, Dian
    Imperial Coll London, Imperial Coll Business Sch, London, England.;Univ Indonesia, Fac Publ Hlth, Depok, Indonesia..
    Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    La Vecchia, Carlo
    Univ Milan, Dept Clin Sci & Community Hlth, Milan, Italy..
    Lacey, Ben
    Lal, Dharmesh Kumar
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurugram, India..
    Lalloo, Ratilal
    Univ Queensland, Sch Dent, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Lallukka, Tea
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Publ Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Lam, Jennifer O.
    Kaiser Permanente, Div Res, Fontana, CA USA..
    Lami, Faris Hasan
    Univ Baghdad, Dept Community & Family Med, Baghdad, Iraq..
    Lan, Qing
    NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Landires, Ivan
    Inst Med Sci, Unit Genet & Publ Hlth, Las Tablas, Panama.;Minist Hlth, Herrera, Panama..
    Lang, Justin J.
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Ctr Surveillance & Appl Res, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Langan, Sinead M.
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Fac Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, London, England.;Guys & St Thomas NHS Fdn Trust, St Johns Inst Dermatol, London, England..
    Lansingh, Van Charles
    HelpMeSee, New York, NY USA.;Mexican Inst Ophthalmol, Queretaro, Mexico..
    Lansky, Sonia
    Municipal Hlth Dept Belo Horizonte, Belo Horizonte City Hall, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Larson, Heidi Jane
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, London, England.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Larson, Samantha Leigh
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk kemi. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Chem & Pharmacol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Lasrado, Savita
    Father Muller Med Coll, Dept Otorhinolaryngol, Mangalore, India..
    Lassi, Zohra S.
    Univ Adelaide, Robinson Res Inst, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Lau, Kathryn Mei-Ming
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lauriola, Paolo
    CNR, Inst Clin Physiol, Padua, Italy..
    Lavados, Pablo M.
    German Clin Santiago, Dept Neurol & Psychiat, Santiago, Chile.;Univ Dev, Fac Med, Santiago, Chile..
    Lazarus, Jeffrey V.
    Leal, Lisiane F.
    McGill Univ, Epidemiol Biostat & Occupat Hlth, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Jewish Gen Hosp, Ctr Clin Epidemiol, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Leasher, Janet L.
    Nova Southeastern Univ, Coll Optometry, Ft Lauderdale, FL 33314 USA..
    Ledesma, Jorge R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lee, Paul H.
    Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Sch Nursing, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Lee, Shaun Wen Huey
    Monash Univ, Sch Pharm, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Taylors Univ Lakeside Campus, Sch Pharm, Subang Jaya, Malaysia..
    Leever, Andrew T.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    LeGrand, Kate E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Leigh, James
    Univ Sydney, Asbestos Dis Res Inst, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Leonardi, Matilde
    Carlo Besta Neurol Inst IRCCS, Neurol Publ Hlth & Disabil Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Lescinsky, Haley
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Leung, Janni
    Univ Queensland, Ctr Youth Subst Abuse Res, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Levi, Miriam
    USL Tuscany Ctr, Dept Prevent, Florence, Italy..
    Lewington, Sarah
    Univ Oxford, Med Res Council Populat Hlth Res Unit, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Oxford, England..
    Li, Bingyu
    Shenzhen Univ, Dept Sociol, Shenzhen, Peoples R China..
    Li, Shanshan
    Monash Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Lim, Lee-Ling
    Univ Malaya, Dept Med, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.;Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Med & Therapeut, Shatin, Peoples R China..
    Lin, Christine
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lin, Ro-Ting
    China Med Univ, Coll Publ Hlth, Taichung, Taiwan.;Asbestos Dis Res Inst, Concord, NSW, Australia..
    Linehan, Christine
    Univ Coll Dublin, UCD Ctr Disabil Studies, Dublin, Ireland..
    Linn, Shai
    Univ Haifa, Sch Publ Hlth, Haifa, Israel..
    Listl, Stefan
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Dentistry Qual & Safety Oral Hlth Care, Nijmegen, Netherlands.;Heidelberg Univ Hosp, Dept Translat Hlth Econ, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Liu, Hung-Chun
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Liu, Shiwei
    Brown Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Providence, RI 02912 USA..
    Liu, Simin
    Liu, Xuefeng
    Univ Michigan, Dept Syst Populat & Leadership, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Liu, Yang
    Emory Univ, Rollins Sch Publ Hlth, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Liu, Zichen
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lo, Justin
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lodha, Rakesh
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Paediat, New Delhi, India..
    Logroscino, Giancarlo
    Univ Bari Aldo Moro, Dept Basic Med Sci Neurosci & Sense Organs, Bari, Italy.;Fdn Cardinale Giovanni Panico Hosp, Dept Clin Res Neurol, Tricase, Italy..
    Looker, Katharine J.
    Univ Bristol, Populat Hlth Sci, Bristol, Avon, England..
    Lopez, Alan D.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Melbourne, Melbourne Sch Populat & Global Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Lopez, Jaifred Christian F.
    Univ Philippines Manila, Dept Nutr, Manila, Philippines.;Alliance Improving Hlth Outcomes Inc, Quezon City, Philippines..
    Lopukhov, Platon D.
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Lorkowski, Stefan
    Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Nutr Sci, Jena, Germany.;Competence Cluster Nutr & Cardiovasc Hlth nutriCA, Jena, Germany..
    Lotufo, Paulo A.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Lozano, Rafael
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lu, Alton
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lucas, Tim C. D.
    Univ Oxford, Big Data Inst, Oxford, England..
    Lugo, Alessandra
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy..
    Lunevicius, Raimundas
    Liverpool Univ Hosp NHS Fdn Trust, Dept Gen Surg, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.;Univ Liverpool, Dept Surg, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Lyons, Ronan A.
    Swansea Univ, Sch Med, Swansea, W Glam, Wales..
    Ma, Jianing
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Machado, Daiane Borges
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Ctr Global Mental Hlth CGMH, London, England.;Oswald Cruz Fdn FIOCRUZ, Ctr Integrat Data & Hlth Knowledge, Salvador, BA, Brazil..
    MacLachlan, Jennifer H.
    Peter Doherty Inst Infect & Immun, Epidemiol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Madadin, Mohammed
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dept Pathol, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Maddison, Emilie R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Maddison, Ralph
    Deakin Univ, Inst Phys Act & Nutr, Burwood, Vic, Australia..
    Madotto, Fabiana
    IRCCS MultiMed, Value Based Healthcare, Sesto San Giovanni, Italy..
    Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy
    Mansoura Fac Med, Dept Radiol, Mansoura, Egypt..
    Abd El Razek, Muhammed Magdy
    Minist Hlth Populat, Dept Ophthalmol, Aswan, Egypt..
    Mahasha, Phetole Walter
    South African Med Res Council, Grants Innovat & Product Dev Unit, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Mahdavi, Mokhtar Mahdavi
    Saveh Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Saveh, Iran.;Michigan State Univ, Acad Med Sci, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Mahmoudi, Morteza
    Michigan State Univ, Radiol & Precis Hlth Program, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Mai, Hue Thi
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Majeed, Azeem
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Malagon-Rojas, Jeadran N.
    Natl Inst Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth Res, Bogota, Colombia.;El Bosque Univ, Fac Med, Bogota, Colombia..
    Maled, Venkatesh
    Rajiv Gandhi Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Forens Med, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.;Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara Univ, Dept Forens Med, Dharwad, Karnataka, India..
    Maleki, Afshin
    Kurdistan Univ Med Sci, Environm Hlth Res Ctr, Sanandaj, Iran..
    Maleki, Shokofeh
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Malekzadeh, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Malta, Deborah Carvalho
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Maternal & Child Nursing & Publ Hlth, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Mamun, Abdullah A.
    Univ Queensland, Social Sci Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Manafi, Amir
    Univ Virginia, Dept Surg, Charlottesville, VA USA..
    Manafi, Navid
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Ophthalmol, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Manitoba, Dept Ophthalmol, Winnipeg, MB, Canada..
    Manda, Ana Laura
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Gen Surg, Bucharest, Romania.;Emergency Univ Hosp Bucharest, Dept Gen Surg 1, Bucharest, Romania..
    Manguerra, Helena
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mansour-Ghanaei, Fariborz
    Guilan Univ Med Sci, Caspian Digest Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran.;Guilan Univ Med Sci, Gastrointestinal & Liver Dis Res Ctr, Rasht, Iran..
    Mansouri, Borhan
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Subst Abuse Prevent Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Mansournia, Mohammad Ali
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Tehran, Iran..
    Herrera, Ana M. Mantilla
    Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, Psychiat Epidemiol & Burden Dis Res, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Mapoma, Chabila Christopher
    Univ Zambia, Dept Populat Studies, Lusaka, Zambia..
    Maravilla, Joemer C.
    Univ Queensland, Social Sci Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Marks, Ashley
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Martin, Randall V.
    Dalhousie Univ, Dept Phys & Atmospher Sci, Halifax, NS, Canada.;Washington Univ, Dept Energy Environm & Chem Engn, St Louis, MO USA..
    Martini, Santi
    Airlangga Univ, Fac Publ Hlth, Surabaya, Indonesia.;Indonesian Publ Hlth Assoc, Surabaya, Indonesia..
    Martins-Melo, Francisco Rogerlandio
    Fed Inst Educ Sci & Technol, Campus Caucaia, Caucaia, Brazil..
    Martopullo, Ira
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Masaka, Anthony
    Botho Univ Botswana, Fac Hlth & Educ, Gaborone, Botswana..
    Masoumi, Seyedeh Zahra
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Midwifery, Hamadan, Iran..
    Massano, Joao
    Univ Porto, Dept Clin Neurosci & Mental Hlth, Porto, Portugal.;Univ Hosp Ctr Sao Joao, Dept Neurol, Porto, Portugal..
    Massenburg, Benjamin Ballard
    Univ Washington, Div Plast & Reconstruct Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mastrogiacomo, Claudia I.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mathur, Manu Raj
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Hlth Policy Res, Gurugram, India.;Univ Liverpool, Inst Populat Hlth Sci, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Matsushita, Kunihiro
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Maulik, Pallab K.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Univ New South Wales, Div Res, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    May, Erin A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mazidi, Mohsen
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London, England..
    McAlinden, Colm
    Singleton Hosp, Dept Ophthalmol, Swansea, W Glam, Wales..
    McGrath, John J.
    Univ Queensland, Queensland Brain Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Aarhus Univ, Natl Ctr Register Based Res, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Mckee, Martin
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Hlth Serv Res & Policy, London, England..
    Medina-Solis, Carlo Eduardo
    Autonomous Univ Hidalgo State, Acad Area Dent, Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico..
    Meharie, Birhanu Geta
    Wollo Univ, Dept Pharm, Dessie, Ethiopia..
    Mehndiratta, Man Mohan
    Janakpuri Super Specialty Hosp Soc, Dept Neurol, New Delhi, India.;Govind Ballabh Inst Med Educ & Res, Dept Neurol, New Delhi, India..
    Nasab, Entezar Mehrabi
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran Heart Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mehri, Fereshteh
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Nutr Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mehrotra, Ravi
    Indian Council Med Res, India Canc Res Consortium, New Delhi, India..
    Mehta, Kala M.
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, San Francisco, CA USA..
    Meitei, Wahengbam Bigyananda
    Int Inst Populat Sci, Dept Publ Hlth & Mortal Studies, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India..
    Mekonnen, Teferi
    Univ Oslo, Dept Nutr, Oslo, Norway..
    Melese, Addisu
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Med Lab Sci, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Memiah, Peter T. N.
    Univ Maryland, Inst Human Virol, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Memish, Ziad A.
    Alfaisal Univ, Coll Med, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.;Minist Hlth, Res & Innovat Ctr, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Mendoza, Walter
    United Nations Populat Fund UNFPA, Peru Country Off, Lima, Peru..
    Menezes, Ritesh G.
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Forens Med Div, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Mengesha, Endalkachew Worku
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Reprod Hlth & Populat Studies, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Mengesha, Meresa Berwo
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Midwifery, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Mensah, George A.
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Med, Cape Town, South Africa.;NIH, Ctr Translat Res & Implementat Sci, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Mereke, Alibek
    Asfendiyarov Kazakh Natl Med Univ, Dept Cardiovasc Surg, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan..
    Mereta, Seid Tiku
    Jimma Univ, Dept Environm Hlth Sci & Technol, Jimma, Ethiopia..
    Meretoja, Atte
    Univ Melbourne, Sch Hlth Sci, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Helsinki Univ Hosp, Neurol Unit, Helsinki, Finland..
    Meretoja, Tuomo J.
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.;Helsinki Univ Hosp, Breast Surg Unit, Helsinki, Finland..
    Mestrovic, Tomislav
    Zora Profoz Polyclin, Clin Microbiol & Parasitol Unit, Zagreb, Croatia.;Univ North, Univ Ctr Varazdin, Varazhdin, Croatia..
    Miazgowski, Bartosz
    Pomeranian Med Univ, Ctr Innovat Med Educ, Szczecin, Poland.;Pomeranian Med Univ, Szczecin, Poland..
    Miazgowski, Tomasz
    Pomeranian Med Univ, Dept Propedeut Internal Dis & Arterial Hypertens, Szczecin, Poland..
    Michalek, Irmina Maria
    Vaud Univ Hosp Ctr, Dept Women Mother Child, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Mihretie, Kebadnew Mulatu
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Miller, Ted R.
    Curtin Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Perth, WA, Australia.;Pacific Inst Res & Evaluat, Calverton, MD USA..
    Mills, Edward J.
    McMaster Univ, Dept Hlth Res Methods Evidence & Impact, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Milne, George J.
    Univ Western Australia, Dept Comp Sci & Software Engn, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Mini, G. K.
    Ananthapuri Hosp & Res Inst, Global Inst Publ Hlth, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.;Womens Inst Social & Hlth Studies, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.;Sabzevar Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth, Sabzevar, Iran..
    Miri, Mohammad
    Sabzevar Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Sabzevar, Iran..
    Mirica, Andreea
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania..
    Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.
    Kyrgyz State Med Acad, Internal Med Programme, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.;Natl Ctr Cardiol & Internal Dis, Dept Atherosclerosis & Coronary Heart Dis, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan..
    Mirzaei, Hamed
    Kashan Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Biochem & Nutr Metab Dis, Kashan, Iran..
    Mirzaei, Maryam
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Rehabil & Sports Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Mirzaei, Roya
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Water Qual Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Comprehens Res Lab, Tehran, Iran..
    Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Mehdi
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Misganaw, Awoke Temesgen
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mitchell, Philip B.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Psychiat, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Mithra, Prasanna
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India..
    Moazen, Babak
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany.;Frankfurt Univ Appl Sci, Inst Addict Res ISFF, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Moghadaszadeh, Masoud
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Biotechnol Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran.;Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Mol Med Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Mohajer, Bahram
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mohamad, Osama
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Radiat Oncol, San Francisco, CA USA..
    Mohamadi, Efat
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Hlth Equ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mohammad, Dara K.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Salahaddin Univ Erbil, Dept Forestry, Erbil, Iraq..
    Mohammad, Yousef
    King Saud Univ, Dept Internal Med, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Mezerji, Naser Mohammad Gholi
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Biostat, Hamadan, Iran..
    Mohammadbeigi, Abolfazl
    Qom Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Qom, Iran.;Qom Univ Med Sci, Neurosci Res Ctr, Qom, Iran..
    Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Abdollah
    Shahrekord Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Shahrekord, Iran..
    Mohammadifard, Noushin
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Isfahan Cardiovasc Res Inst, Esfahan, Iran..
    Mohammadpourhodki, Reza
    Mashhad Univ Med Sci, Kashmar Ctr Higher Hlth Educ, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran..
    Mohammed, Ammas Siraj
    Haramaya Univ, Sch Pharm, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Mohammed, Hussen
    Dire Dawa Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia..
    Mohammed, Jemal Abdu
    Samara Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Samara, Ethiopia..
    Mohammed, Shafiu
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg Inst Global Hlth HIGH, Heidelberg, Germany.;Ahmadu Bello Univ, Hlth Syst & Policy Res Unit, Zaria, Nigeria..
    Mohebi, Farnam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Natl Inst Hlth Res NIHR, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Bandpei, Mohammad A. Mohseni
    Univ Social Welf & Rehabil Sci, Pediat Neurorehabilitat Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mokari, Amin
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Nutr, Tehran, Iran..
    Mokdad, Ali H.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Molokhia, Mariam
    Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, London, England..
    Momen, Natalie C.
    Aarhus Univ, Natl Ctr Register Based Res, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Monasta, Lorenzo
    Burlo Garofolo Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Clin Epidemiol & Publ Hlth Res Unit, Trieste, Italy..
    Mondello, Stefania
    Messina Univ, Dept Biomed & Dent Sci & Morphofunct Imaging, Messina, Italy..
    Mooney, Meghan D.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Moosazadeh, Mahmood
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Sci Res Ctr, Sari, Iran..
    Moradi, Ghobad
    Kurdistan Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sanandaj, Iran.;Kurdistan Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Sanandaj, Iran..
    Moradi, Masoud
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Moradi-Joo, Mohammad
    Iran Hlth Insurance Org, Natl Ctr Hlth Insurance Res, Tehran, Iran..
    Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Moradzadeh, Rahmatollah
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Arak, Iran..
    Moraga, Paula
    Univ Bath, Dept Math Sci, Bath, Avon, England..
    Morales, Linda
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Poplulat Hlth Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Morawska, Lidia
    Queensland Univ Technol, Int Lab Air Qual & Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Velasquez, Ilais Moreno
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama..
    Morgado-da-Costa, Joana
    Univ Porto, Hosp Ctr Porto, Porto, Portugal..
    Morrison, Shane Douglas
    Univ Washington, Div Plast & Reconstruct Surg, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mosapour, Abbas
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Dept Clin Biochem, Babol, Iran.;Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Clin Biochem, Tehran, Iran..
    Mosser, Jonathan F.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mouodi, Simin
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Babol, Iran..
    Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Hlth Policy Management & Econ, Tehran, Iran..
    Khaneghah, Amin Mousavi
    Univ Campinas Unicamp, Dept Food Sci, Campinas, Brazil..
    Mueller, Ulrich Otto
    Ctr Populat & Hlth, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    Mukhopadhyay, Satinath
    Seth Sukhlal Karnani Mem Hosp, Dept Endocrinol & Metab, Kolkata, India..
    Mullany, Erin C.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mumford, John Everett
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Munro, Sandra B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Muriithi, Moses K.
    Univ Nairobi, Sch Econ, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Musa, Kamarul Imran
    Sci Univ Malaysia, Sch Med Sci, Kubang Kerian, Malaysia..
    Mustafa, Ghulam
    Childrens Hosp & Inst Child Hlth, Dept Pediat Med, Multan, Pakistan.;Inst Mother & Child Care, Dept Pediat & Pediat Pulmonol, Multan, Pakistan..
    Muthupandian, Saravanan
    Mekelle Univ, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Nabavizadeh, Behnam
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Urol, Tehran, Iran..
    Nabhan, Ashraf F.
    Ain Shams Univ, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Cairo, Egypt.;Egyptian Ctr Evidence Based Med, Knowledge Translat & Utilizat Unit, Mansoura, Egypt..
    Naderi, Mehdi
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Clin Res Dev Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman
    Initiat Financing Hlth & Human Dev, Res & Analyt Dept, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.;Bioinsilico Technol, Dept Res & Analyt, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Nagel, Gabriele
    Ulm Univ, Inst Epidemiol & Med Biometry, Ulm, Germany..
    Naghavi, Mohsen
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Naghshtabrizi, Behshad
    Hamedan Univ Med Sci, Dept Cardiol, Hamadan, Iran..
    Naik, Gurudatta
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Ctr Comprehens Canc, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Naimzada, Mukhammad David
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia.;Kursk State Med Univ, Expt Surg & Oncol Lab, Kursk, Russia..
    Nair, Sanjeev
    Govt Med Coll Trivandrum, Dept Pulm Med, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.;Hlth Act People, Trivandrum, Kerala, India..
    Najafi, Farid
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Epidemiol & Biostat Dept, Kermanshah, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Naldi, Luigi
    San Bortolo Hosp, Dept Dermatol, Vicenza, Italy.;Italian Grp Epidemiol Res Dermatol GISED Study Ct, Study Ctr, Bergamo, Italy..
    Nandakumar, Vishnu
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Nandi, Anita K.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Nangia, Vinay
    Suraj Eye Inst, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India..
    Nansseu, Jobert Richie
    Minist Publ Hlth, Dept Control Dis Epidem & Pandem, Yaounde, Cameroon.;Univ Yaounde I, Dept Publ Hlth, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Naserbakht, Morteza
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Mental Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Nayak, Vinod C.
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Mangalore, India..
    Nazari, Javad
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Pediat, Arak, Iran..
    Ndejjo, Rawlance
    Makerere Univ, Dis Control & Environm Hlth, Kampala, Uganda..
    Ndwandwe, Duduzile Edith
    South African Med Res Council, Cochrane South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Negoi, Ionut
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Gen Surg, Bucharest, Romania.;Emergency Hosp Bucharest, Dept Gen Surg, Bucharest, Romania..
    Negoi, Ruxandra Irina
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Anat & Embryol, Bucharest, Romania.;Cardio Aid, Bucharest, Romania..
    Netsere, Henok Biresaw
    Univ Gondar, Sch Nursing, Gondar, Ethiopia.;Bahir Dar Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Dept Surg Nursing, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
    Neupane, Subas
    Univ Tampere, Dept Hlth Sci, Tampere, Finland..
    Ngari, Kiirithio N.
    Synotech Consultants, Res & Stat Unit, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Nguefack-Tsague, Georges
    Univ Yaounde I, Dept Publ Hlth, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Ngunjiri, Josephine W.
    Univ Embu, Dept Biol Sci, Embu, Kenya..
    Nguyen, Cuong Tat
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Nguyen, Diep Ngoc
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam.;Duy Tan Univ, Fac Pharm, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Nguyen, Jason
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Nguyen, Michele
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Oxford, Malaria Atlas Project, Oxford, England..
    Nguyen, Ming
    Nguyen, Trang Huyen
    Nguyen Tat Thanh Univ, Ctr Excellence Behav Med, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Nichols, Emma
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Nigatu, Dabere
    Nigatu, Yeshambel T.
    Bahir Dar Univ, Dept Reprod Hlth & Populat Studies, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.;Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth, Inst Mental Hlth Policy Res, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Inst Clin Evaluat Sci, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Nikbakhsh, Rajan
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Nikpoor, Amin Reza
    Hormozgan Univ Med Sci, Bandar Abbas, Iran..
    Nixon, Molly R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Nnaji, Chukwudi A.
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Sch Publ Hlth & Family Med, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Nomura, Shuhei
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Global Hlth Policy, Tokyo, Japan.;Keio Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Tokyo, Japan..
    Norheim, Ole F.
    Harvard Univ, Dept Global Hlth & Populat, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Bergen, Norway..
    Norrving, Bo
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Malmö, Sweden..
    Noubiap, Jean Jacques
    Univ Adelaide, Ctr Heart Rhythm Disorders, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Motlagh, Soraya Nouraei
    Lorestan Univ Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Khorramabad, Iran..
    Nowak, Christoph
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nsoesie, Elaine Okanyene
    Boston Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Global Hlth, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Nunez-Samudio, Virginia
    Inst Med Sci, Unit Microbiol & Publ Hlth, Las Tablas, Panama.;Minist Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth, Herrera, Panama..
    Oancea, Bogdan
    Univ Bucharest, Adm & Econ Sci Dept, Bucharest, Romania..
    Odell, Christopher M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ogbo, Felix Akpojene
    Western Sydney Univ, Translat Hlth Res Inst, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Oghenetega, Onome Bright
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Oh, In-Hwan
    Kyung Hee Univ, Dept Prevent Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Okunga, Emmanuel Wandera
    Minist Hlth, Dis Surveillance & Epidem Response, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Oladnabi, Morteza
    Golestan Univ Med Sci, Gorgan Congenital Malformat Res Ctr, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran..
    Olagunju, Andrew T.
    McMaster Univ, Dept Psychiat & Behav Neurosci, Hamilton, ON, Canada.;Univ Lagos, Dept Psychiat, Lagos, Nigeria..
    Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola
    Ctr Healthy Start Initiat, Lagos, Nigeria..
    Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun
    Ctr Healthy Start Initiat, Lagos, Nigeria..
    Oluwasanu, Mojisola Morenike
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Hlth Promot & Educ, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Bali, Ahmed Omar
    Univ Human Dev, Diplomacy & Publ Relat Dept, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq..
    Omer, Muktar Omer
    Jigjiga Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Ong, Kanyin L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ong, Sokking
    Pantai Jerudong Specialist Ctr, Early Detect & Canc Prevent Serv, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei.;Pantai Jerudong Specialist Ctr, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei.;Minist Hlth, Noncommunicable Dis Prevent Unit, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei..
    Onwujekwe, Obinna E.
    Univ Nigeria Nsukka, Dept Pharmacol & Therapeut, Enugu, Nigeria..
    Oren, Eyal
    Univ Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;San Diego State Univ, Grad Sch Publ Hlth, San Diego, CA 92182 USA..
    Orji, Aislyn U.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Orpana, Heather M.
    Publ Hlth Agcy Canada, Subst Related Harms Div, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Univ Ottawa, Sch Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Ortega-Altamirano, Doris V.
    Natl Publ Hlth Inst, Hlth Syst Res Ctr, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Ortiz, Alberto
    Autonomous Univ Madrid, Dept Med, Madrid, Spain.;Fdn Jimenez Diaz Univ Hosp, Inst Hlth Res, Dept Hypertens & Nephrol, Madrid, Spain..
    Osarenotor, Osayomwanbo
    Univ Benin, Dept Environm Management & Toxicol, Benin, Nigeria..
    Osei, Frank B.
    Univ Twente, Fac Geoinformat Sci & Earth Observat, Enschede, Netherlands.;Univ Energy & Nat Resources, Dept Math & Stat, Sunyani, Ghana..
    Ostojic, Sergej M.
    Univ Novi Sad, Biomed Sci, Novi Sad, Serbia..
    Ostroff, Samuel M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Oiu, Adrian O.
    Otstavnov, Nikita
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia..
    Otstavnov, Stanislav S.
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia.;Natl Res Univ Higher Sch Econ, Dept Project Management, Moscow, Russia. Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeswara Acad Hlth Educ &, Dept Resp Med, Mysore, Karnataka, India..
    Overland, Simon
    Univ Bergen, Dept Psychosocial Sci, Bergen, Norway.;Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Div Mental & Phys Hlth, Bergen, Norway..
    Owolabi, Mayowa O.
    Univ Coll Hosp, Dept Med, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Univ Ibadan, Dept Med, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Section, Mahesh P. A.
    Padubidri, Jagadish Rao
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med, Mangalore, India..
    Pakhale, Smita
    Ottawa Hosp Res Inst, Dept Med, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Pakhare, Abhijit P.
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med & Family Med, Bhopal, India..
    Pakshir, Keyvan
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Dept Parasitol & Mycol, Shiraz, Iran..
    Palladino, Raffaele
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Publ Hlth, Naples, Italy..
    Pana, Adrian
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Stat & Econometr, Bucharest, Romania.;Ctr Hlth Outcomes & Evaluat, Dept Hlth Metr, Bucharest, Romania..
    Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra
    Heidelberg Univ, Dept Ophthalmol, Heidelberg, Germany..
    Pandey, Anamika
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Dept Res, Gurugram, India..
    Pangaribuan, Helena Ullyartha
    Minist Hlth, Natl Inst Hlth Res & Dev, Jakarta, Indonesia..
    Park, Eun-Kee
    Kosin Univ, Dept Med Humanities & Social Med, Busan, South Korea..
    Park, James
    Harvard Univ, Dept Biostat, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Parmar, Priya G. Kumari
    Auckland Univ Technol, Dept Biostat & Epidemiol, Auckland, New Zealand.;Auckland Univ Technol, Natl Inst Stroke & Appl Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Parry, Charles D. H.
    Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Psychiat, Cape Town, South Africa.;South African Med Res Council, Alcohol Tobacco & Other Drug Res Unit, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Pasovic, Maja
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pasupula, Deepak Kumar
    Univ Pittsburgh, Med Ctr, Div Gen Internal Med, Pittsburgh, PA USA..
    Patel, Jenil R.
    Univ Arkansas Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Little Rock, AR 72205 USA..
    Patel, Sangram Kishor
    Populat Council, Dept Poverty Gender & Youth, New Delhi, India..
    Paternina-Caicedo, Angel J.
    Univ Sinu, Sch Med, Cartagena, Colombia..
    Pathak, Ashish
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth Hlth Syst & Policy HSP Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;RD Gardi Med Coll, Dept Pediat, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India..
    Pathak, Mona
    Kalinga Inst Med Sci, Dept Res & Dev, Bhubaneswar, India..
    Patten, Scott B.
    Univ Calgary, Dept Community Hlth Sci, Calgary, AB, Canada..
    Patton, George C.
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Paediat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Murdoch Childrens Res Inst, Populat Hlth Theme, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Paudel, Deepak
    Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Ctr Int Hlth, Munich, Germany.;Save Children, Hlth Nutr & HIV AIDS Program, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Paudel, Sagun
    Publ Hlth Youth Soc Nepal, Pokhara, Nepal.;Publ Hlth Update, Pokhara, Nepal..
    Paulson, Katherine R.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Toroudi, Hamidreza Pazoki
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Physiol, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Physiol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Pease, Spencer A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Peden, Amy E.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;James Cook Univ, Coll Publ Hlth Med & Vet Sci, Douglas, Qld, Australia..
    Pennini, Alyssa
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pepito, Veincent Christian Filipino
    Ateneo Manila Univ, Ctr Res & Innovat, Pasig, Philippines..
    Peprah, Emmanuel K.
    NYU, Sch Global Publ Hlth, New York, NY USA..
    Pereira, Alexandre
    Harvard Univ, Dept Genet, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Genet & Mol Cardiol, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Pereira, David M.
    Univ Porto, Associated Lab Green Chem LAQV, Porto, Portugal..
    Pereira, Jeevan
    Yenepoya Med Coll, Dept Orthoped, Mangalore, India..
    Perico, Norberto
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Milan, Italy..
    Pescarini, Julia Moreira
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Ctr Integrat Data & Hlth Knowledge, Salvador, BA, Brazil..
    Pesudovs, Konrad
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Optometry & Vis Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Pham, Hai Quang
    Duy Tan Univ, Inst Global Hlth Innovat, Da Nang, Vietnam..
    Phillips, Michael R.
    Columbia Univ, Dept Psychiat, New York, NY USA.;Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai Mental Hlth Ctr, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Piccinelli, Cristiano
    City Hlth & Sci Univ Hosp Turin, SSD Epidemiol Screening, Turin, Italy..
    Pierce, Maxwell
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pigott, David M.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pilgrim, Thomas
    Univ Bern, Dept Cardiol, Bern, Switzerland..
    Pilz, Tessa M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pinheiro, Marina
    Univ Porto, Dept Chem, Porto, Portugal..
    Piradov, Michael A.
    Res Ctr Neurol, Moscow, Russia..
    Pirsaheb, Meghdad
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Pishgar, Farhad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Urooncol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Plana-Ripoll, Oleguer
    Aarhus Univ, Natl Ctr Register Based Res, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Plass, Dietrich
    German Environm Agcy, Dept Environm Hyg, Dessau Rosslau, Germany..
    Pletcher, Martin
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Pokhrel, Khem Narayan
    Integrated Dev Fdn Nepal, HIV & Mental Hlth Dept, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Polibin, Roman V.
    IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Evidence Based Med, Moscow, Russia..
    Polinder, Suzanne
    Erasmus MC, Dept Publ Hlth, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Polkinghorne, Kevan R.
    Monash Univ, Dept Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Pond, Constance Dimity
    Univ Newcastle, Discipline Gen Practice, Newcastle, NSW, Australia..
    Postma, Maarten J.
    Univ Groningen, Sch Business & Econ, Groningen, Netherlands.;Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Pottoo, Faheem Hyder
    Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Univ, Dept Pharmacol, Dammam, Saudi Arabia..
    Pourjafar, Hadi
    Alborz Univ Med Sci, Dietary Supplements & Probiot Res Ctr, Karaj, Iran.;Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Dept Nutr & Food Sci, Maragheh, Iran..
    Pourmalek, Farshad
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Kalhori, Reza Pourmirza
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Emergency Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Pourshams, Akram
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Poznanska, Anna
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Populat Hlth Monitoring & Anal, Warsaw, Poland..
    Prada, Sergio I.
    ICESI Univ, Clin Res Ctr, Valle Lili Fdn, Cali, Colombia.;ICESI Univ, Ctr Studies Social Protect & Hlth Econ, Cali, Colombia..
    Prakash, Sanjay
    Smt BKS Med Inst & Res Ctr, Dept Neurol, Vadodara, India..
    Prakash, V.
    Charotar Univ Sci & Technol, Rita Patel Inst Physiotherapy, Anand, Gujarat, India..
    Prasad, Narayan
    Sanjay Gandhi Postgrad Inst Med Sci, Dept Nephrol, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Preotescu, Liliana
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Infect Dis, Bucharest, Romania.;Natl Inst Infect Dis, Bucharest, Romania..
    Pribadi, Dimas Ria Angga
    Muhammadiyah Univ Surakarta, Dept Hlth Sci, Sukoharjo, Indonesia..
    Pupillo, Elisabetta
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Dept Neurosci, Milan, Italy..
    Quazi Syed, Zahiruddin
    Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Wardha, India..
    Rabiee, Mohammad
    Amirkabir Univ Technol, Dept Biomed Engn, Tehran, Iran..
    Rabiee, Navid
    Sharif Univ Technol, Dept Chem, Tehran, Iran..
    Radfar, Amir
    Univ Cent Florida, Coll Med, Orlando, FL 32816 USA..
    Rafiee, Ata
    Univ Alberta, Dept Med, Edmonton, AB, Canada..
    Rafiei, Alireza
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Immunol, Sari, Iran.;Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Mol & Cell Biol Res Ctr, Sari, Iran..
    Raggi, Alberto
    Carlo Besta Neurol Inst IRCCS, Neurol Publ Hlth & Disabil Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Rahim, Fakher
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Metabol & Genom Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Thalassemia & Hemoglobinopathy Res Ctr, Ahwaz, Iran..
    Rahimi-Movaghar, Afarin
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Iranian Natl Ctr Addict Studies INCAS, Tehran, Iran..
    Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur
    La Trobe Univ, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Maharishi Markandeshwar Inst Med Sci & Res, Dept Community Med, Ambala, India..
    Rahman, Muhammad Aziz
    Federat Univ Australia, Sch Nursing & Healthcare Profess, Berwick, Vic, Australia..
    Rajabpour-Sanati, Ali
    Birjand Univ Med Sci, Fac Med, Birjand, Iran..
    Rajati, Fatemeh
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Rakovac, Ivo
    World Hlth Org WHO, European Off Prevent & Control Noncommunicable Di, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Ram, Pradhum
    Emory Univ, Div Cardiol, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Ramezanzadeh, Kiana
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Sch Pharm, Tehran, Iran..
    Rana, Saleem Muhammad
    Univ Lahore, Univ Inst Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan.;Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal
    Policy Res Inst, Res Dept, Kathmandu, Nepal.;Global Ctr Res & Dev, Hlth & Publ Policy Dept, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Ranta, Annemarei
    Univ Otago, Dept Med, Wellington, New Zealand.;Capital & Coast Dist Hlth Board, Dept Neurol, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Rao, Puja C.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Rao, Sowmya J.
    Srinivas Inst Dent Sci, Dept Oral Pathol, Mangalore, India..
    Rasella, Davide
    Univ Fed Bahia, Inst Collect Hlth, Salvador, BA, Brazil..
    Rashedi, Vahid
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Tehran Inst Psychiat, Tehran, Iran..
    Rastogi, Prateek
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Mangalore, India..
    Rath, Goura Kishor
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Radiat Oncol, New Delhi, India.;All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Radiat Oncol, New Delhi, India..
    Rathi, Priya
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Kasturba Med Coll, Mangalore, India..
    Rawaf, David Laith
    Imperial Coll London, WHO Collaborating Ctr Publ Hlth Educ & Training, London, England.;Univ Coll London Hosp, London, England..
    Rawaf, Salman
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England.;Publ Hlth England, Acad Publ Hlth England, London, England.;Publ Hlth England, Acad Publ Hlth England, London, England..
    Rawal, Lal
    CQ Univ, Sch Hlth Med & Appl Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Rawassizadeh, Reza
    Boston Univ, Dept Comp Sci, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Rawat, Ramu
    Int Inst Populat Sci, Dept Math Demog & Stat, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India..
    Razo, Christian
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Boston, Sofia
    Regassa, Lemma Demissie
    Haramaya Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Reiner, Robert C., Jr.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Reinig, Nickolas
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Reitsma, Marissa Bettay
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Remuzzi, Giuseppe
    Mario Negri Inst Pharmacol Res, Milan, Italy..
    Renjith, Vishnu
    Royal Coll Surg Ireland Bahrain, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Muharraq Governorate, Bahrain..
    Renzaho, Andre M. N.
    Western Sydney Univ, Sch Social Sci & Psychol, Sydney, Vic, Australia.;Western Sydney Univ, Translat Hlth Res Inst, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Resnikoff, Serge
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Optometry & Vis Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Brien Holden Vis Inst, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Rezaei, Negar
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Sci Educ & Res Network USERN, Network Immun Infect Malignancy & Autoimmun NIIMA, Tehran, Iran..
    Rezaei, Nima
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Pediat Infect Dis Res Ctr, Sari, Iran..
    Rezapour, Aziz
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Rhinehart, Phoebe-Anne
    Riahi, Seyed Mohammad
    Birjand Univ Med Sci, Cardiovasc Dis Res Ctr, Birjand, Iran..
    Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz P.
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Ctr Telehlth, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.;Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Internal Med, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Ribeiro, Daniel Cury
    Univ Otago, Sch Physiotherapy, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Ribeiro, Daniela
    Univ Porto, Dept Chem Sci, Porto, Portugal..
    Rickard, Jennifer
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Surg, Box 242 UMHC, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA.;Univ Teaching Hosp Kigali, Dept Surg, Kigali, Rwanda..
    Rivera, Juan A.
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Hlth & Nutr Res Ctr, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Robalik, Toshana
    Roberts, Nicholas L. S.
    Roberts, Shaun
    Auckland Univ Technol, Natl Inst Stroke & Appl Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Robinson, Stephen R.
    RMIT Univ, Dept Psychol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Rodriguez-Ramirez, Sonia
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Nutr & Hlth Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Roever, Leonardo
    Univ Fed Uberlandia, Dept Clin Res, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil..
    Rolfe, Sam
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Romoli, Michele
    Univ Perugia, Dept Neurosci, Perugia, Italy.;Rimini Infermi Hosp AUSL Romagna, Dept Neurol, Rimini, Italy..
    Ronfani, Luca
    Burlo Garofolo Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Clin Epidemiol & Publ Hlth Res Unit, Trieste, Italy..
    Room, Robin
    La Trobe Univ, Ctr Alcohol Policy Res CAPR, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Stockholm Univ, Ctr Social Res Alcohol & Drugs, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Roshandel, Gholamreza
    Golestan Univ Med Sci, Golestan Res Ctr Gastroenterol & Hepatol GRCGH, Gorgan, Golestan, Iran..
    Rostamian, Morteza
    Gonabad Univ Med Sci, Sch Med, Gonabad, Iran..
    Roth, Gregory A.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Div Cardiol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Rothenbacher, Dietrich
    Ulm Univ, Inst Epidemiol & Med Biometry, Ulm, Germany..
    Rubagotti, Enrico
    Agrosavia, Palmira, Colombia..
    Rumisha, Susan Fred
    Univ Oxford, Malaria Atlas Project, Oxford, England.;Natl Inst Med Res, Dept Hlth Stat, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Rwegerera, Godfrey M.
    Univ Botswana, Dept Internal Med, Gaborone, Botswana..
    Saadatagah, Seyedmohammad
    Mayo Clin, Dept Cardiovasc Med, Rochester, MN USA..
    Sabour, Siamak
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Tehran, Iran..
    Sachdev, Perminder S.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Psychiat, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Prince Wales Hosp, Neuropsychiat Inst, Randwick, NSW, Australia..
    Saddik, Basema
    Univ Sharjah, Dept Family & Community Med, Sharjah, U Arab Emirates..
    Sadeghi, Ehsan
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Sadeghi, Masoumeh
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Cardiac Rehabil Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran..
    Saeedi, Reza
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Safety & Environm HSE, Tehran, Iran..
    Moghaddam, Sahar Saeedi
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Saeidi, Shahram
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Safari, Yahya
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Safi, Sare
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Ophthalm Epidemiol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Ophthalm Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Safiri, Saeid
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Aging Res Inst, Tabriz, Iran.;Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Tabriz, Iran..
    Sagar, Rajesh
    All India Inst Med Sci, Dept Psychiat, New Delhi, India..
    Sahebkar, Amirhossein
    Mashhad Univ Med Sci, Neurogen Inflammat Res Ctr, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran.;Food & Drug Adm Islamic Republ Iran, Halal Res Ctr IRI, Tehran, Iran..
    Sahraian, Mohammad Ali
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Multiple Sclerosis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Sajadi, S. Mohammad
    Soran Univ, Dept Phytochem, Soran, Iraq.;Cihan Univ Erbil, Dept Nutr, Kurdistan Region, Iraq..
    Salahshoor, Mohammad Reza
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Anat Sci, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Salam, Nasir
    Cent Univ Punjab, Dept Microbiol, Bathinda, India..
    Salama, Joseph S.
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Hlth Hub, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA..
    Salamati, Payman
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Sina Trauma & Surg Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Zahabi, Saleh Salehi
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Radiol & Nucl Med, Kermanshah, Iran.;Taleghani Hosp, Res Dept, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Salem, Hosni
    Cairo Univ, Dept Urol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Salem, Marwa R.
    Cairo Univ, Publ Hlth & Community Med Dept, Cairo, Egypt..
    Salimi, Yahya
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Kermanshah, Iran.;Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Salimzadeh, Hamideh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Salman, Omar Mukhtar
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Global Hlth & Dev, London, England.;Amer Univ Beirut, Global Hlth Inst, Beirut, Lebanon..
    Salomon, Joshua A.
    Stanford Univ, Ctr Hlth Policy, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Stanford Univ, Ctr Primary Care & Outcomes Res, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Salz, Inbal
    Minist Hlth, Hlth & Disabil Intelligence Grp, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Samad, Zainab
    Duke Univ, Dept Med, Durham, NC USA..
    Kafil, Hossein Samadi
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Drug Appl Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Sambala, Evanson Zondani
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Samy, Abdallah M.
    Ain Shams Univ, Dept Entomol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Sanabria, Juan
    Case Western Reserve Univ, Dept Nutr & Prevent Med, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA.;Marshall Univ, Dept Surg, Huntington, WV USA..
    Sanchez-Pimienta, Tania G.
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Santomauro, Damian Francesco
    Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Queensland Ctr Mental Hlth Res, West Moreton Hosp Hlth Serv, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Santos, Itamar S.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Clin & Epidemiol Res, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Internal Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Santos, Joao Vasco
    Univ Porto, Ctr Hlth Technol & Serv Res, Porto, Portugal.;Northern Reg Hlth Adm, ACES Grande Porto VIII Espinho Gaia, Publ Hlth Unit, Vila Nova De Gaia, Portugal..
    Santric-Milicevic, Milena M.
    Univ Belgrade, Fac Med, Belgrade, Serbia.;Univ Belgrade, Sch Publ Hlth & Hlth Management, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Saraswathy, Sivan Yegnanarayana Iyer
    PSG Inst Med Sci & Res, Dept Community Med, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.;PSG FAIMER South Asia Reg Inst, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo
    Univ Appl & Environm Sci, Fac Med, Bogota, Colombia.;Carlos III Hlth Inst, Natl Sch Publ Hlth, Madrid, Spain..
    Sarrafzadegan, Nizal
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Isfahan Cardiovasc Res Inst, Esfahan, Iran.;Univ British Columbia, Sch Populat & Publ Hlth, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Sartorius, Benn
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Fac Infect & Trop Dis, London, England.;Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sarveazad, Arash
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Colorectal Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Sathian, Brijesh
    Hamad Med Corp, Dept Geriatr & Long Term Care, Doha, Qatar.;Bournemouth Univ, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Bournemouth, Dorset, England..
    Sathish, Thirunavukkarasu
    McMaster Univ, Populat Hlth Res Inst, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Sattin, Davide
    Carlo Besta Neurol Inst IRCCS, Neurol Publ Hlth & Disabil Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Savic, Miloje
    GSK Biol, Wavre, Belgium..
    Sawyer, Susan M.
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Paediat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Murdoch Childrens Res Inst, Ctr Adolescent Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Saxena, Deepak
    Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Wardha, India.;Indian Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Gandhinagar, India..
    Saxena, Sonia
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Saylan, Mete
    Bayer, Market Access, Istanbul, Turkey..
    Sbarra, Alyssa N.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Schaeffer, Lauren E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Schiavolin, Silvia
    Carlo Besta Neurol Inst IRCCS, Neurol Publ Hlth & Disabil Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Schlaich, Markus P.
    Univ Western Australia, Dobney Hypertens Ctr, Perth, WA, Australia.;Baker Heart & Diabet Inst, Hypertens & Kidney Dis Lab, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Schmidt, Maria Ines
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth
    Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia. George Inst Global Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;North West Univ, Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Dis, Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Schwebel, David C.
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Dept Psychol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Schwendicke, Falk
    Charite Univ Med Ctr Berlin, Oral Diag Digital Hlth & Hlth Serv Res, Berlin, Germany..
    Seedat, Soraya
    Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Psychiat, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Sekerija, Mario
    Univ Zagreb, Dept Med Stat Epidemiol & Med Informat, Zagreb, Croatia.;Croatian Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Prevent Chron Noncommunicable Di, Zagreb, Croatia..
    Senbeta, Anbissa Muleta
    Jigjiga Univ, Dept Food Sci & Nutr, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Senthilkumaran, Subramanian
    Manian Med Ctr, Emergency Dept, Erode, India..
    Sepanlou, Sadaf G.
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran.;Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Serdar, Berrin
    Univ Colorado Denver, Sch Publ Hlth, Aurora, CO USA.;Environm Hlth Associates LLC, Englewood, CO USA..
    Serre, Marc L.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Servan-Mori, Edson
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Ctr Hlth Syst Res, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Sha, Feng
    Shenzhen Inst Adv Technol, Ctr Biomed Informat Technol, Shenzhen, Peoples R China..
    Shabani, Mahsima
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Cardiol, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Shackelford, Katya Anne
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Shadid, Jamileh
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Shafaat, Omid
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Radiol & Radiol Sci, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Shahabi, Saeed
    Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Ctr Hlth Policy Res, Shiraz, Iran..
    Shahbaz, Mohammad
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Tehran, Iran..
    Shaheen, Amira A.
    An Najah Natl Univ, Publ Hlth Div, Nablus, Palestine..
    Shaikh, Masood Ali
    Shalash, Ali S.
    Ain Shams Univ, Dept Neurol, Cairo, Egypt..
    Shams-Beyranvand, Mehran
    Alborz Univ Med Sci, Sch Med, Karaj, Iran..
    Shamsi, MohammadBagher
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Rehabil & Sports Med, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Shamsizadeh, Morteza
    Univ Borås, Fac Caring Sci Work Life & Social Welf, Borås, Sweden..
    Shannawaz, Mohammed
    BLDE Univ, Dept Community Med, Vijayapur, India..
    Sharafi, Kiomars
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Sharafi, Zeinab
    Lorestan Univ Med Sci, Razi Herbal Med Res Ctr, Khorramabad, Iran..
    Sharara, Fablina
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sharifi, Hamid
    Kerman Univ Med Sci, HIV STI Surveillance Res Ctr & WHO Collaborating, Kerman, Iran..
    Sharma, Rajesh
    Delhi Technol Univ, Univ Sch Management & Entrepreneurship, Delhi, India..
    Shaw, David H.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sheena, Brittney S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sheikh, Aziz
    Harvard Univ, Div Gen Internal Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Univ Edinburgh, Med Informat Ctr, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Sheikhtaheri, Abbas
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Hlth Informat Management, Tehran, Iran..
    Shetty, B. Suresh Kumar
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurugram, India..
    Shetty, Ranjitha S.
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India.;Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Forens Med & Toxicol, Mangalore, India..
    Shibuya, Kenji
    Kings Coll London, Inst Populat Hlth, London, England..
    Shield, Kevin David
    Univ Toronto, Dalla Lana Sch Publ Hlth, Toronto, ON, Canada.;Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth, Inst Mental Hlth Policy Res, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Shiferaw, Wondimeneh Shibabaw
    Debre Berhan Univ, Dept Nursing, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia..
    Shigematsu, Mika
    Natl Inst Infect Dis, Bucharest, Romania..
    Il Shin, Jae
    Yonsei Univ, Coll Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Shin, Min-Jeong
    Korea Univ, Seoul, South Korea..
    Shiri, Rahman
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Shirkoohi, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Canc Biol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Canc Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Shivakumar, K. M.
    Krishna Inst Med Sci, Fac Dent Sci, Karad, India..
    Shrime, Mark G.
    Harvard Univ, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Shuval, Kerem
    Univ Haifa, Sch Publ Hlth, Haifa, Israel..
    Siabani, Soraya
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Educ & Hlth Promot, Kermanshah, Iran.;Univ Technol Sydney, Sch Hlth, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Sierpinski, Radoslaw
    Med Res Agcy, Warsaw, Poland.;Cardinal Wyszynski Univ, Sch Med, Warsaw, Poland..
    Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora
    Columbia Univ, Dept Hlth & Behav Studies, New York, NY USA.;Reykjavik Univ, Dept Psychol, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig
    Reykjavik Univ, Dept Psychol, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Silva, Diego Augusto Santos
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Dept Phys Educ, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Silva, Joao Pedro
    Univ Porto, Res Unit Appl Mol Biosci UCIBIO, Porto, Portugal..
    Simonetti, Biagio
    Univ Sannio, Dept Law Econ Management & Quantitat Methods, Benevento, Italy.;WSB Univ, Gdansk, Poland..
    Simpson, Kyle E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Singh, Ambrish
    Univ Tasmania, Menzies Inst Med Res, Hobart, Tas, Australia.;Eli Lilly & Co, Global Patient Outcome & Real World Evidence, Indianapolis, IN 46285 USA..
    Singh, Jasvinder A.
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Sch Med, Birmingham, AL USA.;US Dept Vet Affairs VA, Med Serv, Birmingham, AL USA..
    Singh, Pushpendra
    Indian Inst Technol, Dept Humanities & Social Sci, Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Sinha, Dhirendra Narain
    Sch Prevent Oncol, Dept Epidemiol, Patna, Bihar, India.;Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India..
    Skiadaresi, Eirini
    Hywel Dda Univ Hlth Board, Dept Ophthalmol, Llanelli, Wales..
    Skou, Soren T.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Sports Sci & Clin Biomech, Odense, Denmark.;Naestved Slagelse Ringsted Hosp, Dept Physiotherapy & Occupat Therapy, Slagelse, Denmark..
    Skryabin, Valentin Yurievich
    Moscow Res & Pract Ctr Addict, Dept 16, Moscow, Russia..
    Sliwa, Karen
    Univ Cape Town, Hatter Inst Dept Med, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Smith, Amanda
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Smith, Emma U. R.
    Univ Sydney, Inst Bone & Joint Res, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Univ Sydney, Pain Management Res Inst PMRI, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Sobngwi, Eugene
    Univ Yaounde I, Dept Internal Med & Specialties, Yaounde, Cameroon.;Yaounde Cent Hosp, Dept Endocrinol & Diabet, Yaounde, Cameroon..
    Soheili, Amin
    Semnan Univ Med Sci, Nursing Care Res Ctr, Semnan, Iran..
    Sokhan, Anton
    Kharkiv Natl Med Univ, Dept Infect Dis, Kharkiv, Ukraine..
    Soltani, Shahin
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Somefun, Oluwaseyi Dolapo
    Univ Witwatersrand, Demog & Populat Studies Dept, Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Soofi, Moslem
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Sorensen, Reed J. D.
    Univ Washington, Dept Global Hlth, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Soriano, Joan B.
    Autonomous Univ Madrid, Princess Univ Hosp, Madrid, Spain.;Ctr Invest Biomed Red Enfermedades Resp CIBERES, Madrid, Spain..
    Sorrie, Muluken Bekele
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Soshnikov, Sergey
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia.;Minist Hlth FRIHOI, Fed Res Inst Hlth Org & Informat, Res Dev Dept, Moscow, Russia..
    Soyiri, Ireneous N.
    Univ Hull, Hull York Med Sch, Kingston Upon Hull, N Humberside, England..
    Spencer, Cory N.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Spotin, Adel
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Dept Parasitol & Mycol, Tabriz, Iran..
    Spurlock, Emma Elizabeth
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.
    Int Med Univ, Div Community Med, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
    Srinivasan, Vinay
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, David Geffen Sch Med, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    Sripada, Kam
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Ctr Global Hlth Inequal Res CHAIN, Trondheim, Norway..
    Stanaway, Jeffrey D.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Stark, Benjamin A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Steel, Nicholas
    Publ Hlth England, London, England.;Univ East Anglia, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, Norwich, Norfolk, England..
    Stefan, Simona Catalina
    Bucharest Univ Econ Studies, Dept Management, Bucharest, Romania..
    Stein, Caroline
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Postgrad Program Epidemiol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Stein, Dan J.
    South African Med Res Council, Risk & Resilience Mental Disorders Res Unit, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Steiner, Caitlyn
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Steiner, Timothy J.
    Imperial Coll London, Div Brain Sci, London, England.;Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Neuromed & Movement Sci, Trondheim, Norway..
    Steuben, Krista M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Stockfelt, Leo
    Univ Gothenburg, Occupat & Environm Med Dept, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Stokes, Mark A.
    Deakin Univ, Dept Psychol, Burwood, Vic, Australia..
    Stovner, Lars Jacob
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Neuromed & Movement Sci, Trondheim, Norway.;St Olavs Hosp, Dept Neurol & Clin Neurophysiol, Trondheim, Norway..
    Straif, Kurt
    Boston Coll, Schiller Inst, Boston, MA USA..
    Stranges, Saverio
    Univ Western Ontario, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, ON, Canada.;Luxembourg Inst Hlth, Dept Populat Hlth, Strassen, Luxembourg..
    Stubbs, Jacob L.
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Psychiat, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Suchdev, Parminder S.
    Emory Univ, Dept Pediat, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA..
    Sudaryanto, Agus
    Muhammadiyah Univ Surakarta, Dept Nursing, Sukoharjo, Indonesia..
    Sufiyan, Mu'awiyyah Babale
    Ahmadu Bello Univ, Dept Community Med, Zaria, Nigeria..
    Suleria, Hafiz Ansar Rasul
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Agr & Food Syst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi
    Indian Council Med Res, Natl Inst Epidemiol, New Delhi, India.;Manonmaniam Sundaranar Univ, Dept Stat, Tirunelveli, India..
    Sulo, Gerhard
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Bergen, Norway..
    Sultan, Iyad
    King Hussein Canc Ctr, Serv Pediat, Amman, Jordan.;Univ Jordan, Dept Pediat, Amman, Jordan..
    Swope, Carolyn B.
    Delos Living, Delos Labs, New York, NY USA..
    Sykes, Bryan L.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Criminol Law & Soc, Irvine, CA USA..
    Sylte, Dillon O.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Szocska, Miklos
    Semmelweis Univ, Fac Hlth & Publ Adm, Budapest, Hungary..
    Szumowski, Lukasz
    Inst Cardiol Poland, Minister Hlth, Warsaw, Poland..
    Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael
    Biomed Res Networking Ctr Mental Hlth Network Cib, Carlos III Hlth Inst, Barcelona, Spain.;Univ Valencia, Dept Med, Valencia, Spain..
    Tabb, Karen M.
    Univ Illinois, Sch Social Work, Urbana, IL 61801 USA..
    Tabuchi, Takahiro
    Osaka Int Canc Inst, Canc Control Ctr, Osaka, Japan..
    Tadakamadla, Santosh Kumar
    Griffith Univ, Sch Dent & Oral Hlth, Nathan, Qld, Australia..
    Taddele, Biruk Wogayehu
    Arbaminch Coll Hlth Sci, Dept Pharm, Arbaminch, Ethiopia..
    Tadesse, Degena Bahrey
    Aksum Univ, Dept Nursing, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Taherkhani, Amir
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Mol Med, Hamadan, Iran..
    Tahir, Zarfishan
    Inst Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Tajdini, Masih
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran Heart Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Takahashi, Ken
    Asbestos Dis Res Inst, Concord, NSW, Australia..
    Takala, Jukka S.
    Univ Tampere, Dept Hlth Sci, Tampere, Finland.;Monteporzio Catone, Int Comion Occupat Hlth, Rome, Italy..
    Tamiru, Animut Tagele
    Univ Gondar, Dept Midwifery, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Tang, Muming
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Tanser, Frank C.
    Africa Hlth Res Inst, Berea, South Africa..
    Tareque, Md Ismail
    Univ Rajshahi, Dept Populat Sci & Human Resource Dev, Rajshahi, Bangladesh..
    Tarigan, Ingan Ukur
    Natl Inst Hlth Res Dev, Res & Dev Ctr Humanities & Hlth Management, Jakarta, Indonesia..
    Taveira, Nuno
    Univ Inst Egas Moniz, Monte De Caparica, Portugal.;Univ Lisbon, Res Inst Med, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Taylor, Heather Jean
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Teagle, Whitney L.
    NIH, NEI, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Teame, Hirut
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Tediosi, Fabrizio
    Univ Basel, Basel, Switzerland..
    Tefera, Yonas Getaye
    Univ Gondar, Dept Clin Pharm, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Community & Family Med, Tehran, Iran.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Teklehaimanot, Berhane Fseha
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Tela, Freweini Gebrearegay
    Mekelle Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Temsah, Mohamad-Hani
    King Saud Univ, Pediat Intens Care Unit, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Terrason, Sonyah
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Tesema, Getayeneh Antehunegn
    Univ Gondar, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Tessema, Zemenu Tadesse
    Univ Gondar, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Thakur, Bhaskar
    Harvard Univ, Massachusetts Vet Epidemiol Res & Informat Ctr MA, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Texas Tech Univ, Div Biostat & Epidemiol, El Paso, TX USA..
    Thankappan, Kavumpurathu Raman
    Cent Univ Kerala, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Kasaragod, India..
    Thapar, Rekha
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Dept Community Med, Mangalore, India..
    Thomas, Nihal
    Christian Med Coll & Hosp CMC, Dept Endocrinol Diabet & Metab, Vellore, India..
    Thomson, Azalea M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Thrift, Amanda G.
    Monash Univ, Dept Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Thurston, George D.
    NYU, Dept Environm Med, 550 1St Ave, New York, NY 10016 USA..
    Titova, Mariya Vladimirovna
    Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Lab Publ Hlth Indicators Anal & Hlth Digitalizat, Dolgoprudnyi, Russia.;Russian Acad Sci, Timiryazev Inst Plant Physiol, Moscow, Russia..
    Tlou, Boikhutso
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Discipline Publ Hlth Med, Durban, South Africa..
    Tohidinik, Hamid Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Tehran, Iran.;Kerman Univ Med Sci, HIV STI Surveillance Res Ctr & WHO Collaborating, Kerman, Iran..
    Tonelli, Marcello
    Univ Calgary, Dept Med, Calgary, AB, Canada..
    Topor-Madry, Roman
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, Inst Publ Hlth, Krakow, Poland.;Agcy Hlth Technol Assessment & Tariff Syst, Warsaw, Poland..
    Topouzis, Fotis
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Dept Ophthalmol 1, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Torre, Anna E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Touvier, Mathilde
    Natl Inst Hlth & Med Res INSERM, Nutrit Epidemiol Res Team EREN, Paris, France.;Sorbonne Paris Nord Univ, Hlth Med & Human Biol, Bobigny, France..
    Tovani-Palone, Marcos Roberto
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol & Legal Med, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Modestum LTD, London, England..
    Traini, Eugenio
    Univ Utrecht, Inst Risk Assessment Sci IRAS, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Tran, Bach Xuan
    Hanoi Med Univ, Dept Hlth Econ, Hanoi, Vietnam..
    Travillian, Ravensara
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Trias-Llimos, Sergi
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Noncommunicable Dis Epidemiol, London, England..
    Troeger, Christopher E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Truelsen, Thomas Clement
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Tsai, Alexander C.
    Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Mbarara Univ Sci & Technol, Mbarara, Uganda..
    Tsatsakis, Aristidis
    Univ Crete, Dept Med, Iraklion, Greece..
    Car, Lorainne Tudor
    Nanyang Technol Univ, Lee Kong Chian Sch Med, Singapore, Singapore..
    Tyrovolas, Stefanos
    Biomed Res Networking Ctr Mental Hlth Network Cib, Barcelona, Spain.;St John God Hlth Pk, San Juan Dios Sanitary Pk, St Boi De Llobregat, Spain..
    Uddin, Riaz
    Univ Queensland, Sch Hlth & Rehabil Sci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Deakin Univ, Inst Phys Act & Nutr, Burwood, Vic, Australia..
    Ullah, Irfan
    Iqra Natl Univ, Dept Microbiol, Peshawar, Pakistan.;Mufti Mehmood Mem Teaching Hosp, TB Culture Lab, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan..
    Ullah, Saif
    Univ Agr Faisalabad, Inst Soil & Environm Sci, Faisalabad, Pakistan..
    Umeokonkwo, Chukwuma David
    Alex Ekwueme Fed Univ Teaching Hosp Abakaliki, Dept Community Med, Abakaliki, Nigeria..
    Undurraga, Eduardo A.
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Sch Govt, Santiago, Chile.;Brandeis Univ, Schneider Inst Hlth Policy, Waltham, MA USA..
    Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran
    Manipal Acad Higher Educ, Kasturba Med Coll, Mangalore, India..
    Upadhyay, Era
    Amity Univ Rajasthan, Amity Inst Biotechnol, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India..
    Uthman, Olalekan A.
    Univ Warwick, Div Hlth Sci, Coventry, W Midlands, England..
    Vacante, Marco
    Univ Catania, Dept Gen Surg & Med Surg Specialties, Catania, Italy..
    Vaicekonyte, Regina
    Delos Living, Delos Labs, New York, NY USA..
    Vakilian, Alireza
    Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Dept Neurol, Rafsanjan, Iran.;Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Rafsanjan, Iran..
    Valdez, Pascual R.
    Argentine Soc Med, Board Directos, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.;Velez Sarsfield Hosp, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Valli, Alessandro
    Univ Catania, Dept Gen Surg & Med Surg Specialties, Catania, Italy..
    Van Donkelaar, Aaron
    Washington Univ, Dept Energy Environm & Chem Engn, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Dalhousie Univ, Dept Phys & Atmospher Sci, Halifax, NS, Canada..
    Vardavas, Constantine
    Univ Crete, Toxicol Lab, Iraklion, Greece..
    Varughese, Santosh
    Christian Med Coll & Hosp CMC, Dept Nephrol, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Vasankari, Tommi Juhani
    UKK Inst, Tampere, Finland..
    Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Nogales
    Univ Brasilia, Dept Stat, Brasilia, DF, Brazil..
    Vasseghian, Yasser
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Res Ctr Environm Determinants Hlth, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Veisani, Yousef
    Ilam Univ Med Sci, Psychosocial Injuries Res Ctr, Ilam, Iran..
    Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy
    Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Singapore, Singapore.;Raffles Hosp, Raffles Neurosci Ctr, Singapore, Singapore..
    Vidale, Simone
    Infermi Hosp, Dept Neurol, Rimini, Italy.;St Anna Hosp, Dept Neurol, Como, Italy.;St Anna Hosp, Stroke Unit, Como, Italy..
    Violante, Francesco S.
    Univ Bologna, Dept Med & Surg Sci, Bologna, Italy.;St Orsola Malpighi Hosp, Occupat Hlth Unit, Bologna, Italy..
    Vlassov, Vasily
    Natl Res Univ Higher Sch Econ, Dept Hlth Care Adm & Econ, Moscow, Russia..
    Vollset, Stein Emil
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Vongpradith, Avina
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Vos, Theo
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Vu, Giang Thu
    Nguyen Tat Thanh Univ, Ctr Excellence Behav Med, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam..
    Vujcic, Isidora S.
    Univ Belgrade, Fac Med, Inst Epidemiol, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Vukovic, Ana
    Univ Belgrade, Dept Pediat & Prevent Dent, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Vukovic, Rade
    Univ Belgrade, Sch Med, Belgrade, Serbia.;Mother & Child Healthcare Inst Serbia Dr Vukan Cu, Dept Pediat Endocrinol, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Hawariat, Feleke Gebremeskel W.
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Waheed, Yasir
    Fdn Univ Islamabad, Fdn Univ Med Coll, Islamabad, Pakistan..
    Wallin, Mitchell Taylor
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA.;George Washington Univ, Dept Neurol, Washington, DC USA..
    Walters, Magdalene K.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wamai, Richard G.
    Univ Nairobi, Sch Publ Hlth, Nairobi, Kenya.;Northeastern Univ, Cultures Soc & Global Studies & Integrated Initia, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Wang, Fang
    Wuhan Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Haidong
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Hong Kong Univ Sci & Technol, Div Social Sci, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Hongbo
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wang, Jiayu
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wang, Yafeng
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psychiat, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Wuhan Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Yanzhong
    Wang, Yuan-Pang
    Ward, Joseph L.
    UCL, Great Ormond St Inst Child Hlth, London, England..
    Watson, Alexandrea
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Watson, Stefanie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wei, Jingkai
    George Washington Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Washington, DC USA..
    Wei, Melissa Y. Wei
    Univ Michigan, Sch Med, Ann Arbor, MI USA..
    Weintraub, Robert G.
    Murdoch Childrens Res Inst, Crit Care & Neurosci Dept, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Royal Childrens Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Weiss, Daniel J.
    Univ Oxford, Malaria Atlas Project, Oxford, England..
    Weiss, Jordan
    Univ Penn, Leonard Davis Inst Hlth Econ, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.;Univ Penn, Ctr Populat Studies, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Welay, Fissaha Tekulu
    Adigrat Univ, Dept Midwifery, Adigrat, Ethiopia..
    Weldesamuel, Girmay Teklay
    Aksum Univ, Dept Nursing, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Werdecker, Andrea
    Fed Inst Populat Res, Demog Change & Aging Res Area, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    West, J. Jason
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Environm Sci & Engn, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Westerman, Ronny
    Fed Inst Populat Res, Competence Ctr Mortal Follow Up German Natl Cohor, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    Whisnant, Joanna L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Whiteford, Harvey A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Wiangkham, Taweewat
    Naresuan Univ, Dept Phys Therapy, Phitsanulok, Thailand..
    Wickramasinghe, Nuwan Darshana
    Rajarata Univ Sri Lanka, Dept Community Med, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka..
    Wiens, Kirsten E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wijeratne, Tissa
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Neurol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Rajarata, Dept Med, Saliyapura Anuradhapuray, Sri Lanka..
    Wilner, Lauren B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wilson, Shadrach
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wiysonge, Charles Shey
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Sch Publ Hlth & Family Med, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Wojtyniak, Bogdan
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Populat Hlth Monitoring & Anal, Warsaw, Poland..
    Woldu, Gebremariam
    Aksum Univ, Sch Pharm, Aksum, Ethiopia..
    Wolfe, Charles D. A.
    Kings Coll London, Sch Populat Hlth & Environm Sci, London, England.;Guys & St Thomas Hosp, NIHR Biomed Res Ctr, London, England.;Kings Coll London, London, England..
    Wondmeneh, Temesgen Gebeyehu
    Samara Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Samara, Ethiopia..
    Wondmieneh, Adam Belay
    Addis Ababa Univ, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Wollo Univ, Dept Nursing, Dessie, Ethiopia..
    Wool, Eve E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wozniak, Sarah S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wu, Ai-Min
    Wenzhou Med Univ, Dept Orthopaed, Wenzhou, Peoples R China..
    Wu, Chenkai
    Duke Univ, Duke Global Hlth Inst, Durham, NC USA..
    Wu, Junjie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Hanson, Sarah Wulf
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Wunrow, Han Yong
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Xie, Yang
    Beijing Adv Innovat Ctr Big Data Based Precis Med, Dept Behav & Operat Management, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Gelin
    Nanjing Univ, Sch Med, Nanjing, Peoples R China..
    Xu, Rixing
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Yadgir, Simon
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Jabbari, Seyed Hossein Yahyazadeh
    Milad Gen Hosp, Clin Canc Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Yamada, Tomohide
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Diabet & Metab Dis, Tokyo, Japan..
    Yamagishi, Kazumasa
    Osaka Univ, Grad Sch Med, Suita, Osaka, Japan.;Univ Tsukuba, Res & Dev Ctr Hlth Serv, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Yaminfirooz, Mousa
    Babol Univ Med Sci, Gen Educ Dept, Babol, Iran.;Babol Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Babol, Iran..
    Yano, Yuichiro
    Duke Univ, Dept Family Med & Community Hlth, Durham, NC USA..
    Yaya, Sanni
    Univ Oxford, George Inst Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Univ Ottawa, Sch Int Dev & Global Studies, Ottawa, ON, Canada..
    Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Vahid
    Kerman Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Management Policy & Econ, Kerman, Iran.;Kerman Univ Med Sci, Hlth Serv Management Res Ctr, Kerman, Iran..
    Yearwood, Jamal A.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Yeheyis, Tomas Y.
    Hawassa Univ, Sch Nursing, Hawassa, Ethiopia..
    Yeshitila, Yordanos Gizachew
    Arba Minch Univ, Dept Nursing, Arba Minch, Ethiopia..
    Yilgwan, Christopher Sabo
    Univ Jos, Dept Pediat, Jos, Nigeria.;Jos Univ Teaching Hosp, Dept Pediat, Jos, Nigeria..
    Yilma, Mekdes Tigistu
    Wollega Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Nekemte, Ethiopia..
    Yip, Paul
    Univ Hong Kong, Ctr Suicide Res & Prevent, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.;Univ Hong Kong, Dept Social Work & Social Adm, Hong Kong, Peoples R China..
    Yonemoto, Naohiro
    Natl Ctr Neurol & Psychiat, Dept Neuropsychopharmaol, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan.;Juntendo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Tokyo, Japan..
    Yoon, Seok-Jun
    Korea Univ, Dept Prevent Med, Seoul, South Korea..
    Lebni, Javad Yoosefi
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Educ & Promot, Tehran, Iran..
    York, Hunter W.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Younis, Mustafa Z.
    Jackson State Univ, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Jackson, MS USA.;Tsinghua Univ, Sch Med, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Younker, Theodore Patrick
    Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Immunol, Pittsburgh, PA USA..
    Yousefi, Bahman
    Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Mol Med Res Ctr, Tabriz, Iran..
    Yousefi, Zabihollah
    Mazandaran Univ Med Sci, Dept Environm Hlth, Sari, Iran..
    Yousefifard, Mahmoud
    Iran Univ Med Sci, Physiol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Yousefinezhadi, Taraneh
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Injury Prevent & Safety Promot Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Yousuf, Abdilahi Yousuf
    Jigjiga Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Jijiga, Ethiopia..
    Yu, Chuanhua
    Wuhan Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Wuhan, Peoples R China.;Wuhan Univ, Global Hlth Inst, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Yu, Yong
    Hubei Univ Med, Sch Publ Hlth & Management, Shiyan, Peoples R China..
    Yuan, Chun-Wei
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Yuce, Deniz
    Hacettepe Univ, Inst Canc, Ankara, Turkey..
    Yusefzadeh, Hasan
    Urmia Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Care Management & Econ, Orumiyeh, Iran..
    Zadey, Siddhesh
    Duke Univ, Duke Global Hlth Inst, Durham, NC USA..
    Moghadam, Telma Zahirian
    Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Ardebil, Iran..
    Zaidi, Syed Saoud
    Dow Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Pharmaceut, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Zaki, Leila
    Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Parasitol & Entomol, Tehran, Iran..
    Zakzuk, Josefina
    Univ Cartagena, Immunol Res Inst, Cartagena, Colombia..
    Bin Zaman, Sojib
    Monash Univ, Monash Hlth, Sch Clin Sci, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Int Ctr Diarrhoeal Dis Res, Maternal & Child Hlth Div, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Zamani, Mohammad
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Dept Epidemiol, Arak, Iran.;Babol Univ Med Sci, Student Res Comm, Babol, Iran..
    Zamanian, Maryam
    Zandian, Hamed
    Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Ardebil, Iran.;Ardabil Univ Med Sci, Social Determinants Hlth Res Ctr, Ardebil, Iran..
    Zangeneh, Alireza
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Social Dev & Hlth Promot Res Ctr, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Zarafshan, Hadi
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Psychiat & Psychol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Zastrozhin, Mikhail Sergeevich
    Moscow Res & Pract Ctr Addict, Lab Genet & Genom, Moscow, Russia.;Russian Med Acad Continuous Profess Educ, Addictol Dept, Moscow, Russia..
    Zewdie, Kaleab Alemayehu
    Mekelle Univ, Sch Pharm, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Zhang, Jianrong
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Gen Practice, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Victorian Comprehens Canc Ctr, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Zhang, Yunquan
    Wuhan Univ Sci & Technol, Hubei Prov Key Lab Occupat Hazard Identificat & C, Wuhan, Peoples R China.;Wuhan Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Publ Hlth, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Zhi-Jiang
    Wuhan Univ, Sch Med, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Jeff T.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zhao, Xiu-Ju George
    Wuhan Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Wuhan, Peoples R China.;Wuhan Polytech Univ, Sch Biol & Pharmaceut Engn, Wuhan, Peoples R China..
    Zhao, Yingxi
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Zheleva, Bistra
    Childrens HeartLink, Global Strategy & Advocacy Unit, Minneapolis, MN USA..
    Zheng, Peng
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zhou, Maigeng
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Natl Ctr Chron & Noncommunicable Dis Control & Pr, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Cong
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Dept Epidemiol Human Genet & Environm Sci, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Ziapour, Arash
    Kermanshah Univ Med Sci, Dept Hlth Educ & Hlth Promot, Kermanshah, Iran..
    Zimsen, Stephanie R. M.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zlavog, Bianca S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zodpey, Sanjay
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Indian Inst Publ Hlth, Gurugram, India..
    Lim, Stephen S.
    Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Murray, Christopher J. L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Global burden of 369 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 20192020Ingår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 396, nr 10258, s. 1204-1222Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In an era of shifting global agendas and expanded emphasis on non-communicable diseases and injuries along with communicable diseases, sound evidence on trends by cause at the national level is essential. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) provides a systematic scientific assessment of published, publicly available, and contributed data on incidence, prevalence, and mortality for a mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive list of diseases and injuries. Methods GBD estimates incidence, prevalence, mortality, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) due to 369 diseases and injuries, for two sexes, and for 204 countries and territories. Input data were extracted from censuses, household surveys, civil registration and vital statistics, disease registries, health service use, air pollution monitors, satellite imaging, disease notifications, and other sources. Cause-specific death rates and cause fractions were calculated using the Cause of Death Ensemble model and spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression. Cause-specific deaths were adjusted to match the total all-cause deaths calculated as part of the GBD population, fertility, and mortality estimates. Deaths were multiplied by standard life expectancy at each age to calculate YLLs. A Bayesian meta-regression modelling tool, DisMod-MR 2.1, was used to ensure consistency between incidence, prevalence, remission, excess mortality, and cause-specific mortality for most causes. Prevalence estimates were multiplied by disability weights for mutually exclusive sequelae of diseases and injuries to calculate YLDs. We considered results in the context of the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a composite indicator of income per capita, years of schooling, and fertility rate in females younger than 25 years. Uncertainty intervals (UIs) were generated for every metric using the 25th and 975th ordered 1000 draw values of the posterior distribution. Findings Global health has steadily improved over the past 30 years as measured by age-standardised DALY rates. After taking into account population growth and ageing, the absolute number of DALYs has remained stable. Since 2010, the pace of decline in global age-standardised DALY rates has accelerated in age groups younger than 50 years compared with the 1990-2010 time period, with the greatest annualised rate of decline occurring in the 0-9-year age group. Six infectious diseases were among the top ten causes of DALYs in children younger than 10 years in 2019: lower respiratory infections (ranked second), diarrhoeal diseases (third), malaria (fifth), meningitis (sixth), whooping cough (ninth), and sexually transmitted infections (which, in this age group, is fully accounted for by congenital syphilis; ranked tenth). In adolescents aged 10-24 years, three injury causes were among the top causes of DALYs: road injuries (ranked first), self-harm (third), and interpersonal violence (fifth). Five of the causes that were in the top ten for ages 10-24 years were also in the top ten in the 25-49-year age group: road injuries (ranked first), HIV/AIDS (second), low back pain (fourth), headache disorders (fifth), and depressive disorders (sixth). In 2019, ischaemic heart disease and stroke were the top-ranked causes of DALYs in both the 50-74-year and 75-years-and-older age groups. Since 1990, there has been a marked shift towards a greater proportion of burden due to YLDs from non-communicable diseases and injuries. In 2019, there were 11 countries where non-communicable disease and injury YLDs constituted more than half of all disease burden. Decreases in age-standardised DALY rates have accelerated over the past decade in countries at the lower end of the SDI range, while improvements have started to stagnate or even reverse in countries with higher SDI. Interpretation As disability becomes an increasingly large component of disease burden and a larger component of health expenditure, greater research and development investment is needed to identify new, more effective intervention strategies. With a rapidly ageing global population, the demands on health services to deal with disabling outcomes, which increase with age, will require policy makers to anticipate these changes. The mix of universal and more geographically specific influences on health reinforces the need for regular reporting on population health in detail and by underlying cause to help decision makers to identify success stories of disease control to emulate, as well as opportunities to improve. Copyright (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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  • 5.
    Abbafati, Cristiana
    et al.
    Univ Roma La Sapienza, Dept Jurid & Econ Studies, Rome, Italy.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk kemi.
    Murray, Christopher J. L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA; Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA; Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Hlth Metr Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
    Five insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 20192020Ingår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 396, nr 10258, s. 1135-1159Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 provides a rules-based synthesis of the available evidence on levels and trends in health outcomes, a diverse set of risk factors, and health system responses. GBD 2019 covered 204 countries and territories, as well as first administrative level disaggregations for 22 countries, from 1990 to 2019. Because GBD is highly standardised and comprehensive, spanning both fatal and non-fatal outcomes, and uses a mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive list of hierarchical disease and injury causes, the study provides a powerful basis for detailed and broad insights on global health trends and emerging challenges. GBD 2019 incorporates data from 281 586 sources and provides more than 3.5 billion estimates of health outcome and health system measures of interest for global, national, and subnational policy dialogue. All GBD estimates are publicly available and adhere to the Guidelines on Accurate and Transparent Health Estimate Reporting. From this vast amount of information, five key insights that are important for health, social, and economic development strategies have been distilled. These insights are subject to the many limitations outlined in each of the component GBD capstone papers.

  • 6. Abdelmagid, Nada
    et al.
    Southgate, Rosamund J
    Alhaffar, Mervat
    Ahmed, Matab
    Bani, Hind
    Mounier-Jack, Sandra
    Dahab, Maysoon
    Checchi, Francesco
    Sabahelzain, Majdi M
    Nor, Barni
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård och migration.
    Rao, Bhargavi
    Singh, Neha S
    The Governance of Childhood Vaccination Services in Crisis Settings: A Scoping Review2023Ingår i: Vaccines, E-ISSN 2076-393X, Vol. 11, nr 12, artikel-id 1853Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The persistence of inadequate vaccination in crisis-affected settings raises concerns about decision making regarding vaccine selection, timing, location, and recipients. This review aims to describe the key features of childhood vaccination intervention design and planning in crisis-affected settings and investigate how the governance of childhood vaccination is defined, understood, and practised. We performed a scoping review of 193 peer-reviewed articles and grey literature on vaccination governance and service design and planning. We focused on 41 crises between 2010 and 2021. Following screening and data extraction, our analysis involved descriptive statistics and applying the governance analysis framework to code text excerpts, employing deductive and inductive approaches. Most documents related to active outbreaks in conflict-affected settings and to the mass delivery of polio, cholera, and measles vaccines. Information on vaccination modalities, target populations, vaccine sources, and funding was limited. We found various interpretations of governance, often implying hierarchical authority and regulation. Analysis of governance arrangements suggests a multi-actor yet fragmented governance structure, with inequitable actor participation, ineffective actor collaboration, and a lack of a shared strategic vision due to competing priorities and accountabilities. Better documentation of vaccination efforts during emergencies, including vaccination decision making, governance, and planning, is needed. We recommend empirical research within decision-making spaces.

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  • 7.
    Abdelmenan, Semira
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Univ Gondar, Inst Publ Hlth, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Gondar, Ethiopia..
    Berhane, Hanna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr & Behav Sci, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Turner, Christopher
    Fac Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Populat Hlth, London, England..
    Worku, Alemayehu
    Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Ekholm Selling, Katarina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Ekström, Eva-Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Berhane, Yemane
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Perception of affordable diet is associated with pre-school children's diet diversity in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: the EAT Addis survey2024Ingår i: BMC Nutrition, E-ISSN 2055-0928, Vol. 10, artikel-id 47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite improvements in food access and nutrition security over the last few decades, malnutrition remains a major public health problem. One of the significant contributors to these problems is affordability of nutritious food. This study aimed to examine the association between perceived food affordability and pre-school children's diet diversity in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Methods: Cross-sectional data from 2017 to 18 were used for the analysis. A 24-hour dietary recall assessment was done to assess children's dietary diversity (DD). We used a modified operational definition of affordability indicator called perceived affordability of dietary diversity (afford-DD) to evaluate the impact of the food environment in terms of affordability at the household level. A sample (n 4,898) of children aged 6-59 months representative of households in Addis Ababa was randomly selected using a multistage sampling procedure including all districts in the city. Mixed-effects linear regression models were used to assess the association between children's DD and afford-DD.

    Results: The survey revealed that the mean (standard deviation [SD]) of children's DD was 3.9 [±1.4] while the mean [SD] of afford-DD was 4.6 [±2.1]. Overall, 59.8% of children met the minimum dietary diversity (≥ 4 food groups). White roots and tubers were the most commonly consumed food groups regardless of their affordability. Considerable variations were observed between households that reported the food item affordable and not affordable in consumption of Vitamin A rich vegetables and fruits, meat and fish, egg, and dairy. The children's DD was positively associated with afford-DD after adjusting for maternal education, household wealth status and other relevant confounding. Higher maternal education modified the association between affordability and children's diet diversity.

    Conclusions: This study suggests higher perceived food affordability was associated with better diet diversity in children. A higher level of maternal education had the potential to mitigate affordability challenges in meeting the children's dietary diversity needs. Our study emphasizes the need for inclusive food programs and nutrition interventions addressing social differences, intensifying efforts to make nutrient-rich diets affordable for the less privileged, and highlights the potential benefits of targeting maternal education in addressing child dietary diversity.

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  • 8.
    Abdelmenan, Semira
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, 26751/1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, 196 Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Berhane, Hanna Y.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, 26751/1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Jirström, Magnus
    Trenholm, Jill
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård och migration.
    Worku, Alemayehu
    Ekström, Eva-Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, 26751/1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Berhane, Yemane
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, 26751/1000 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    The Social Stratification of Availability, Affordability, and Consumption of Food in Families with Preschoolers in Addis Ababa: The EAT Addis Study in Ethiopia2020Ingår i: Nutrients, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 12, nr 10, artikel-id 3168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand the quality of diet being consumed among families in Addis Ababa, and to what extent social stratification and perceptions of availability and affordability affect healthy food consumption. Data were collected from 5467 households in a face-to-face interview with mothers/caretakers and analyzed using mixed effect logistic regression models. All family food groups, except fish were perceived to be available by more than 90% of the participants. The food groups cereals/nuts/seeds, other vegetables, and legumes were considered highly affordable (80%) and were the most consumed (>75%). Households with the least educated mothers and those in the lowest wealth quintile had the lowest perception of affordability and also consumption. Consumption of foods rich in micronutrients and animal sources were significantly higher among households with higher perceived affordability, the highest wealth quintile, and with mothers who had better education. Households in Addis Ababa were generally seen to have a monotonous diet, despite the high perceived availability of different food groups within the food environment. There is a considerable difference in consumption of nutrient-rich foods across social strata, hence the cities food policies need to account for social differences in order to improve the nutritional status of the community.

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  • 9.
    Abdi Ali Ahmed, Yousra
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Factors associated with utilization of Antenatal Care in Zambia.: A secondary analysis of 2018 Zambia Demographic Health Survey2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    ANC comprises of trainings and treatments provided to promote a healthy pregnancy, labour and child delivery. Any complications or issues with pregnancy are identified during ANC visits. The aim of this study is to identify and analyse the factors which affect the basic antenatal care utilization by women in Zambia and to give an overall view of the status of women in the country with the 2018 Zambia Demographic Health Survey (ZDHS).

    Method

    After the correlations were found, bivariate logistic regression was done with all exposure variables against the dependent variable. A multivariate analysis was conducted with significant variable against the dependent variable, in order to find the association between the variables.

    Result

    The type of place of residence was significant as well as education which showed lower education was associated with lower basic ANC use. Wealth also demonstrated a negative association to basic ANC visits for poor and for the middle class. Working women had a higher likelihood of attending basic ANC along with those who attended ANC with a doctor and nurse or midwife. To not have a health insurance showed a lower likelihood to attend basic ANC visits

    Conclusion

    The study found that factors such as type of place of residence, education, wealth, occupation, health insurance coverage and ANC with doctor, midwife or nurse are associated with utilization of basic ANC in Zambia among women aged between 15-49.

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  • 10.
    Abdi, Saida
    et al.
    Univ Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55414 USA..
    Akinsulure-Smith, Adeyinka M.
    CUNY City Coll, New York, NY USA.;CUNY, New York, NY USA..
    Sarkadi, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin/CHAP.
    Fazel, Mina
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Ellis, B. Heidi
    Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA..
    Gillespie, Sarah
    Univ Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55414 USA..
    Juang, Linda P.
    Univ Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany..
    Betancourt, Theresa S.
    Boston Coll, Sch Social Work, Chestnut Hill, MA USA..
    Promoting positive development among refugee adolescents2023Ingår i: Journal of research on adolescence, ISSN 1050-8392, E-ISSN 1532-7795, Vol. 33, nr 4, s. 1064-1084Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Of the estimated 35.3 million refugees around the world (UNHCR, Figures at a Glance, 2022), approximately 50% are children under the age of 18. Refugee adolescents represent a unique group as they navigate developmental tasks in an unstable and often threatening environment or in resettlement contexts in which they often face marginalization. In addition to physiological, social, and psychological changes that mark adolescence, refugee youth often face traumatic experiences, acculturative stress, discrimination, and a lack of basic resources. In this consensus statement, we examine research on refugee adolescents' developmental tasks, acculturative tasks, and psychological adjustment using Suarez-Orozco and colleague's integrative risk and resilience model for immigrant-origin children and youth proposed by Suarez-Orozco et al. Finally, we discuss recommendations-moving from proximal to more distal contexts.

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  • 11.
    Abdulla, Salim
    et al.
    Ifakara Hlth Inst, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Ashley, Elizabeth A.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit MORU, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Bassat, Quique
    Univ Barcelona, Ctr Invest Saude Manhica Manhica Mozamb & ISGloba, Barcelona Ctr Int Hlth Res CRESIB, Hosp Clin, Barcelona, Spain..
    Bethell, Delia
    AFRIMS, Dept Immunol & Med, Bangkok, Thailand..
    Bjorkman, Anders
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumour & Cell Biol, Malaria Res, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Borrmann, Steffen
    Kenya Govt Med Res Ctr, Wellcome Trust Res Programme, Kilifi, Kenya.;Univ Magdeburg, Sch Med, D-39106 Magdeburg, Germany..
    D'Alessandro, Umberto
    Inst Trop Med, Unit Malariol, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium.;MRC Unit, Fajara, Gambia..
    Dahal, Prabin
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England..
    Day, Nicholas P.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit MORU, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Diakite, Mahamadou
    Univ Bamako, Malaria Res & Training Ctr, Bamako, Mali..
    Djimde, Abdoulaye A.
    Dondorp, Arjen M.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit MORU, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Duong, Socheat
    Ctr Parasitol Entomol & Malaria Control, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..
    Edstein, Michael D.
    Fairhurst, Rick M.
    NIAID, Lab Malaria & Vector Res, NIH, Rockville, MD USA..
    Faiz, M. Abul
    Malaria Res Grp MRG & Dev Care Fdn, Dhaka, Bangladesh..
    Falade, Catherine
    Univ Ibadan, Coll Med, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Flegg, Jennifer A.
    Monash Univ, Sch Math Sci, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia..
    Fogg, Carole
    Univ Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Hants, England..
    Gonzalez, Raquel
    Ctr Invest Saude Manhica Manhica Mozamb, Barcelona, Spain.;CRESIB, Barcelona, Spain..
    Greenwood, Brian
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Fac Infect & Trop Dis, London WC1, England..
    Guerin, Philippe J.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England..
    Guthmann, Jean-Paul
    Epicentre, Paris, France..
    Hamed, Kamal
    Novartis Pharmaceut, E Hanover, NJ USA..
    Hien, Tran Tinh
    Htut, Ye
    Dept Med Res, Lower Myanmar, Yangon, Myanmar..
    Juma, Elizabeth
    Kenya Govt Med Res Ctr, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Lim, Pharath
    NIAID, Lab Malaria & Vector Res, NIH, Rockville, MD USA.;US & Natl Ctr Parasitol Entomol & Malaria Control, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..
    Mårtensson, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD). Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Cell & Tumour Biol, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Malaria Res, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mayxay, Mayfong
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahosot Hosp, Lao Oxford Mahosot Hosp, Wellcome Trust Res Unit LOMWRU, Viangchan, Laos.;Univ Hlth Sci, Fac Postgrad Studies, Viangchan, Laos..
    Mokuolu, Olugbenga A.
    Univ Ilorin, Dept Paediat & Child Hlth, Ilorin, Nigeria..
    Moreira, Clarissa
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England..
    Newton, Paul
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahosot Hosp, Lao Oxford Mahosot Hosp, Wellcome Trust Res Unit LOMWRU, Viangchan, Laos..
    Noedl, Harald
    Med Univ Vienna, Inst Specif Prophylaxis & Trop Med, Vienna, Austria..
    Nosten, Francois
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Shoklo Malaria Res Unit, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Ogutu, Bernhards R.
    Kenya Govt Med Res Ctr, US Army Med Res Unit, Kisumu, Kenya..
    Onyamboko, Marie A.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Kinshasa Sch Publ Hlth, Kinshasa, DEM REP CONGO..
    Owusu-Agyei, Seth
    Kintampo Hlth Res Ctr, Kintampo, Ghana..
    Phyo, Aung Pyae
    Mahidol Univ, Shoklo Malaria Res Unit, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Premji, Zul
    Muhimbili Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania..
    Price, Ric N.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England.;Menzies Sch Hlth Res, Global & Trop Hlth Div, Darwin, NT, Australia.;Charles Darwin Univ, Darwin, NT 0909, Australia..
    Pukrittayakamee, Sasithon
    Mahidol Univ, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Ramharter, Michael
    Med Univ Vienna, Div Infect Dis & Trop Med, Dept Med 1, Vienna, Austria.;Univ Tubingen, Inst Tropenmed, Tubingen, Germany.;Ctr Rech Med Lambarene, Lambarene, Gabon..
    Sagara, Issaka
    Univ Bamako, Fac Med Pharm & Odontostomatol, Dept Epidemiol Parasit Dis, Malaria Res & Training Ctr, Bamako, Mali..
    Se, Youry
    AFRIMS, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..
    Suon, Seila
    Natl Ctr Parasitol Entomol & Malaria Control, Phnom Penh, Cambodia..
    Stepniewska, Kasia
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, Oxford, England..
    Ward, Stephen A.
    Univ Liverpool, Liverpool Sch Trop Med, Dept Parasitol, Liverpool L3 5QA, Merseyside, England..
    White, Nicholas J.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Clin Med, Ctr Trop Med & Global Hlth, Oxford, England.;Mahidol Univ, Mahidol Oxford Trop Med Res Unit MORU, Fac Trop Med, Bangkok 10700, Thailand..
    Winstanley, Peter A.
    Univ Warwick, Warwick Med Sch, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England..
    Baseline data of parasite clearance in patients with falciparum malaria treated with an artemisinin derivative: an individual patient data meta-analysis2015Ingår i: Malaria Journal, ISSN 1475-2875, E-ISSN 1475-2875, Vol. 14, artikel-id 359Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum manifests as slow parasite clearance but this measure is also influenced by host immunity, initial parasite biomass and partner drug efficacy. This study collated data from clinical trials of artemisinin derivatives in falciparum malaria with frequent parasite counts to provide reference parasite clearance estimates stratified by location, treatment and time, to examine host factors affecting parasite clearance, and to assess the relationships between parasite clearance and risk of recrudescence during follow-up. Methods: Data from 24 studies, conducted from 1996 to 2013, with frequent parasite counts were pooled. Parasite clearance half-life (PC1/2) was estimated using the WWARN Parasite Clearance Estimator. Random effects regression models accounting for study and site heterogeneity were used to explore factors affecting PC1/2 and risk of recrudescence within areas with reported delayed parasite clearance (western Cambodia, western Thailand after 2000, southern Vietnam, southern Myanmar) and in all other areas where parasite populations are artemisinin sensitive. Results: PC1/2 was estimated in 6975 patients, 3288 of whom also had treatment outcomes evaluate d during 28-63 days follow-up, with 93 (2.8 %) PCR-confirmed recrudescences. In areas with artemisinin-sensitive parasites, the median PC1/2 following three-day artesunate treatment (4 mg/kg/day) ranged from 1.8 to 3.0 h and the proportion of patients with PC1/2 > 5 h from 0 to 10 %. Artesunate doses of 4 mg/kg/day decreased PC1/2 by 8.1 % (95 % CI 3.2-12.6) compared to 2 mg/kg/day, except in populations with delayed parasite clearance. PC1/2 was longer in children and in patients with fever or anaemia at enrolment. Long PC1/2 (HR = 2.91, 95 % CI 1.95-4.34 for twofold increase, p < 0.001) and high initial parasitaemia (HR = 2.23, 95 % CI 1.44-3.45 for tenfold increase, p < 0.001) were associated independently with an increased risk of recrudescence. In western Cambodia, the region with the highest prevalence of artemisinin resistance, there was no evidence for increasing PC1/2 since 2007. Conclusions: Several factors affect PC1/2. As substantial heterogeneity in parasite clearance exists between locations, early detection of artemisinin resistance requires reference PC1/2 data. Studies with frequent parasite count measurements to characterize PC1/2 should be encouraged. In western Cambodia, where PC1/2 values are longest, there is no evidence for recent emergence of higher levels of artemisinin resistance.

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  • 12.
    Abedi, Oscar
    et al.
    Aide Rapide aux victimes des catastrophes et Recherche, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo..
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mwambari, David
    African Leadership Centre, Social Science & Public Policy, King’s College London (UK)..
    Parashar, Swati
    Gothenburg Centre for Globalization and Development, Sweden. School of Global Studies, Gothenburg University, Sweden..
    Toppo, Anju Oseema Maria
    Department of History, St. Xavier’s College, Ranchi in Jharkhand, India.
    Vincent, James B.M.
    The Covid-19 Opportunity: Creating More Ethical and Sustainable Research Practices2020Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Contributing to the “Covid-19 and the Social Sciences” essay series, Oscar Abedi, Maria Eriksson Baaz, David Mwambari, Swati Parashar, Anju Oseema Maria Toppo, and James Vincent outline various paths toward reducing field research’s potential for exploitation, especially that of Global South collaborators. The pandemic has highlighted inequalities and immobility that differently affect facilitating researchers and contracting researchers. In response, the authors identify key issues that institutions, publishers, and individual researchers must reflect on in order to counteract these imbalances—and take advantage of an opportunity to fundamentally transform field research into collaborative knowledge production.

  • 13.
    Abeid, Muzdalifat
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH). Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania .
    Muganyizi, Projestine
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH). Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania .
    Massawe, Siriel
    Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Mpembeni, Rose
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Darj, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Axemo, Pia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH). Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway .
    Knowledge and attitude towards rape and child sexual abuse - a community-based cross-sectional study in Rural Tanzania2015Ingår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, nr 1, artikel-id 428Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Violence against women and children is globally recognized as a social and human rights concern. In Tanzania, sexual violence towards women and children is a public health problem. The aim of this study was to determine community knowledge of and attitudes towards rape and child sexual abuse, and assess associations between knowledge and attitudes and socio-demographic characteristics.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken between May and June 2012. The study was conducted in the Kilombero and Ulanga rural districts in the Morogoro Region of Tanzania. Men and women aged 18-49 years were eligible for the study. Through a three-stage cluster sampling strategy, a household survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire included socio-demographic characteristics, attitudes about gender roles and violence, and knowledge on health consequences of rape. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 21. Main outcome measures were knowledge of and attitudes towards sexual violence. Multivariate analyses were used to assess associations between socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge of and attitudes towards sexual violence.

    RESULTS: A total of 1,568 participants were interviewed. The majority (58.4%) of participants were women. Most (58.3%) of the women respondents had poor knowledge on sexual violence and 63.8% had accepting attitudes towards sexual violence. Those who were married were significantly more likely to have good knowledge on sexual violence compared to the divorced/separated group (AOR = 1.6 (95% CI: 1.1-2.2)) but less likely to have non-accepting attitudes towards sexual violence compared to the single group (AOR = 1.8 (95%CI: 1.4-2.3)). Sex of respondents, age, marital status and level of education were associated with knowledge and attitudes towards sexual violence.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that these rural communities have poor knowledge on sexual violence and have accepting attitudes towards sexual violence. Increasing age and higher education were associated with better knowledge and less accepting attitudes towards sexual violence. The findings have potentially important implications for interventions aimed at preventing violence. The results highlight the challenges associated with changing attitudes towards sexual violence, particularly as the highest levels of support for such violence were found among women.

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  • 14.
    Abolhassani, Hassan
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.;Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Pediat Ctr Excellence, Childrens Med Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Vosughimotlagh, Ahmad
    North Khorasan Univ Med Sci, Dept Pediat, Bojnurd, Iran.
    Asano, Takaki
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.
    Landegren, Nils
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Autoimmunitet. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk diabetologi och metabolism. Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Boisson, Bertrand
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.;Necker Hosp Sick Children, Necker Branch, Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, INSERM U1163, Paris, France.;Univ Paris, Imagine Inst, Paris, France.
    Delavari, Samaneh
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Pediat Ctr Excellence, Childrens Med Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Bastard, Paul
    Necker Hosp Sick Children, Necker Branch, Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, INSERM U1163, Paris, France.;Univ Paris, Imagine Inst, Paris, France.
    Aranda-Guillen, Maribel
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wang, Yating
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Zuo, Fanglei
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Sardh, Fabian
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi. Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med Solna, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Marcotte, Harold
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Lab Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ, Hosp Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Du, Likun
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Zhang, Shen-Ying
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.
    Zhang, Qian
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.
    Rezaei, Nima
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Res Ctr Immunodeficiencies, Pediat Ctr Excellence, Childrens Med Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Kampe, Olle
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Med Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Endocrinol Metab & Diabet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Casanova, Jean-Laurent
    Rockefeller Univ, Rockefeller Branch, St Giles Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021 USA.;Necker Hosp Sick Children, Necker Branch, Lab Human Genet Infect Dis, INSERM U1163, Paris, France.;Univ Paris, Imagine Inst, Paris, France.;Howard Hughes Med Inst, New York, NY USA.
    Hammarstrom, Lennart
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Pan-Hammarstrom, Qiang
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
    X-Linked TLR7 Deficiency Underlies Critical COVID-19 Pneumonia in a Male Patient with Ataxia-Telangiectasia2022Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0271-9142, E-ISSN 1573-2592, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) exhibits a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic to critical conditions. Understanding the mechanism underlying life-threatening COVID-19 is instrumental for disease prevention and treatment in individuals with a high risk.

    Objectives We aimed to identify the genetic cause for critical COVID-19 pneumonia in a patient with a preexisting inborn error of immunity (IEI).

    Methods Serum levels of specific antibodies against the virus and autoantibodies against type I interferons (IFNs) were measured. Whole exome sequencing was performed, and the impacts of candidate gene variants were investigated. We also evaluated 247 ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) patients in the Iranian IEI registry.

    Results We report a 7-year-old Iranian boy with a preexisting hyper IgM syndrome who developed critical COVID-19 pneumonia. IgM only specific COVID-19 immune response was detected but no autoantibodies against type I IFN were observed. A homozygous deleterious mutation in the ATM gene was identified, which together with his antibody deficiency, radiosensitivity, and neurological signs, established a diagnosis of A-T. Among the 247 A-T patients evaluated, 36 had SARS-CoV-2 infection, but all had mild symptoms or were asymptomatic except the index patient. A hemizygous deleterious mutation in the TLR7 gene was subsequently identified in the patient.

    Conclusions We report a unique IEI patient with combined ATM and TLR7 deficiencies. The two genetic defects underlie A-T and critical COVID-19 in this patient, respectively.

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  • 15.
    Abouzid, Mohamed
    et al.
    Poznan Univ Med Sci, Dept Phys Pharm & Pharmacokinet, 6 Swiecickiego St, PL-60781 Poznan, Poland..
    El-Sherif, Dina M.
    Natl Inst Oceanog & Fisheries, NIOF, Cairo, Egypt..
    Al Naggar, Yahya
    Tanta Univ, Fac Sci, Zool Dept, Tanta 31527, Egypt.;Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol, Gen Zool, Hoher Weg 8, D-06120 Halle, Saale, Germany..
    Alshehri, Mohammed M.
    Jazan Univ, Phys Therapy Dept, Jazan, Southern Region, Saudi Arabia..
    Alothman, Shaima
    Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman Univ, Lifestyle & Hlth Res Ctr, Hlth Sci Res Ctr, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    El-Seedi, Hesham
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap. Jiangsu Univ, Int Res Ctr Food Nutr & Safety, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.;Jiangsu Univ, Jiangsu Educ Dept, Int Joint Res Lab Intelligent Agr & Agriprod Proc, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Trabelsi, Rayhana
    EHS Matern & Pediat, Touggourt, Algeria..
    Ibrahim, Osama Mohamed
    Cairo Univ, Fac Pharm, Cairo, Egypt.;Univ Sharjah, Coll Pharm, Sharjah, U Arab Emirates..
    Temraz, Esraa Hamouda
    Menoufia Univ, Fac Med, Menoufia, Egypt..
    Buimsaedah, Ahmad
    Aljala Hosp, Benghazi, Libya..
    Aziz, Ibrahim Adel
    Al Neelian Univ, Fac Med, Khartoum, Sudan..
    Alwan, Muhammad
    Aleppo Univ, Fac Med, Aleppo, Syria..
    Al Hasan, Nuha Hadi Jasim
    Univ Basrah, Coll Engn, Dept Engn Mat, Basrah, Iraq..
    Ragab, Heba Nasser
    Fayoum Univ, Fac Med, Al Fayyum, Egypt..
    Koraiem, Abdullah Muhammed
    Al Azhar Univ, Fac Pharm, Cairo 11884, Egypt..
    Ahmed, Mareb H.
    Univ Mosul, Mosul Med Coll, Mosul, Iraq..
    Temraz, Heba Hamouda
    Menoufia Univ, Fac Med, Menoufia, Egypt..
    Madeeh, Alyaa Khaled
    Fayoum Univ, Fac Med, Al Fayyum, Egypt..
    Alshareif, Mohanned Osama
    Islamic Univ Gaza, Fac Med, Gaza, Palestine..
    Elkhafeefi, Fatimah Saad
    Aljala Hosp, SHO Gen Surg Dept, Benghazi, Libya..
    Badis, Imed-Eddine
    Tlemcen Fac Med, Tilimsen, Algeria..
    Abdelslam, Asmaa E.
    Al Azhar Univ, Fac Med Girls, Cairo, Egypt..
    Ali, Almajdoub Ali Mohammed
    Brega Gen Hosp BGH, Brega, Libya..
    Kotni, Nour El Imene
    Univ Oran, Fac Med, Sch Med & Hlth Care, Oran City, Algeria..
    Amer, Thuraya
    Al Turath Univ Coll, Radiog Tech Dept, Baghdad, Iraq..
    Investigating the current environmental situation in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region during the third wave of COVID-19 pandemic: urban vs. rural context2022Ingår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 22, nr 1, artikel-id 177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to a massive global socio-economic tragedy that has impacted the ecosystem. This paper aims to contextualize urban and rural environmental situations during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region.

    Results

    An online survey was conducted, 6770 participants were included in the final analysis, and 64% were females. The majority of the participants were urban citizens (74%). Over 50% of the urban residents significantly (p < 0.001) reported a reduction in noise, gathering in tourist areas, and gathering in malls and restaurants. Concerning the pollutants, most urban and rural areas have reported an increase in masks thrown in streets (69.49% vs. 73.22%, resp.; p = 0.003). Plastic bags and hospital waste also increased significantly with the same p-value of < 0.001 in urban areas compared with rural ones. The multifactorial logistic model for urban resident predictors achieved acceptable discrimination (AUROC = 0.633) according to age, crowdedness, noise and few pollutants.

    Conclusion

    The COVID-19 pandemic had a beneficial impact on the environment and at the same time, various challenges regarding plastic and medical wastes are rising which requires environmental interventions.

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  • 16.
    Abozid, Hazim
    et al.
    Vienna Healthcare Grp, Clin Penzing, Dept Resp & Pulm Dis, Vienna, Austria.;Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Lung Hlth, Sanat Str 2, A-1140 Vienna, Austria..
    Patel, Jaymini
    Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England..
    Burney, Peter
    Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England..
    Hartl, Sylvia
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Lung Hlth, Sanat Str 2, A-1140 Vienna, Austria.;Sigmund Freud Univ, Fac Med, Vienna, Austria..
    Breyer-Kohansal, Robab
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Lung Hlth, Sanat Str 2, A-1140 Vienna, Austria.;Vienna Healthcare Grp, Clin Hietzing, Dept Resp & Pulm Dis, Vienna, Austria..
    Mortimer, Kevin
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England.;Liverpool Univ Hosp NHS Fdn Trust, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Nafees, Asaad A.
    Aga Khan Univ, Dept Community Hlth Sci, Karachi, Pakistan..
    Al Ghobain, Mohammed
    King Saud Bin Abdulaziz Univ Hlth Sci, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.;King Abdullah Int Med Res Ctr, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Welte, Tobias
    German Ctr Lung Res, Hannover Sch Med, Dept Resp Med Infect Dis, Hannover, Germany..
    Harrabi, Imed
    Univ Sousse, Ibn El Jazzar Fac Med Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia..
    Denguezli, Meriam
    Univ Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Fac Med Annaba, Dept Pneumol, Annaba, Algeria..
    Loh, Li Cher
    Royal Coll Surgeons Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.;Univ Coll Dublin, Malaysia Campus, George Town, Malaysia..
    Rashid, Abdul
    Royal Coll Surgeons Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.;Univ Coll Dublin, Malaysia Campus, George Town, Malaysia..
    Gislason, Thorarinn
    Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland.;Natl Univ Hosp Iceland, Dept Neurol, Landspitali, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Barbara, Cristina
    Univ Lisbon, Fac Med, Inst Saude Ambiental, Lisbon, Portugal.;Ctr Hosp Univ Lisboa Norte, Serv Pneumol, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Cardoso, Joao
    Ctr Hosp Univ Lisboa Cent, Pulmunol Dept, Lisbon, Portugal.;Nova Univ Lisbon, NOVA Med Sch, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Rodrigues, Fatima
    Ctr Hosp Univ Lisboa Norte, Serv Pneumol, Lisbon, Portugal.;Lisbon Univ, Inst Environm Hlth, Lisbon Med Sch, Associate Lab TERRA, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Seemungal, Terence
    Univ West Indies St Augustine, Fac Med Sci, St Augustine, Trinidad Tobago..
    Obaseki, Daniel
    Obafemi Awolowo Univ, Dept Med, Ife, Nigeria.;Univ British Columbia, Fac Med, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Juvekar, Sanjay
    KEM Hosp Res Ctr, Vadu Rural Hlth Program, Pune, Maharashtra, India..
    Paraguas, Stefanni Nonna
    Philippine Coll Chest Phys, Manila, Philippines..
    Tan, Wan C.
    Univ British Columbia, Ctr Heart Lung Innovat, St Pauls Hosp, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Franssen, Frits M. E.
    Maastricht Univ, Med Ctr, Maastricht, Netherlands..
    Mejza, Filip
    Jagiellonian Univ, Ctr Evidence Based Med, Dept Internal Med 2, Med Coll, Krakow, Poland..
    Mannino, David
    Univ Kentucky, Lexington, KY USA.;COPD Fdn, Miami, FL USA..
    Janson, Christer
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
    Cherkaski, Hamid Hacene
    Univ Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Fac Med Annaba, Dept Pneumol, Annaba, Algeria..
    Anand, Mahesh Padukudru
    JSSAHER, JSS Med Coll, Dept Resp Med, Mysuru 570015, India..
    Hafizi, Hasan
    Tirana Univ Hosp Shefqet Ndroqi, Fac Med, Tirana, Albania..
    Buist, Sonia
    Oregon Hlth & Sci Univ, Portland, OR 97201 USA..
    Koul, Parvaiz A.
    Sheri Kashmir Inst Med Sci, Dept Pulm Med, Srinagar, India..
    Sony, Asmael
    NIHR Imperial Biomed Res Ctr, London, England..
    Breyer, Marie-Kathrin
    Vienna Healthcare Grp, Clin Penzing, Dept Resp & Pulm Dis, Vienna, Austria.;Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Lung Hlth, Sanat Str 2, A-1140 Vienna, Austria..
    Burghuber, Otto C.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Lung Hlth, Sanat Str 2, A-1140 Vienna, Austria.;Sigmund Freud Univ, Fac Med, Vienna, Austria..
    Wouters, Emiel F. M.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Lung Hlth, Sanat Str 2, A-1140 Vienna, Austria.;NIHR Imperial Biomed Res Ctr, London, England..
    Amaral, Andre F. S.
    Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England.;Epi Lab, Khartoum, Sudan.;NIHR Imperial Biomed Res Ctr, London, England..
    Prevalence of chronic cough, its risk factors and population attributable risk in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study: a multinational cross-sectional study2024Ingår i: eClinicalMedicine, E-ISSN 2589-5370, Vol. 68, artikel-id 102423Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Chronic cough is a common respiratory symptom with an impact on daily activities and quality of life. Global prevalence data are scarce and derive mainly from European and Asian countries and studies with outcomes other than chronic cough. In this study, we aimed to estimate the prevalence of chronic cough across a large number of study sites as well as to identify its main risk factors using a standardised protocol and definition. Methods We analysed cross-sectional data from 33,983 adults (>= 40 years), recruited between Jan 2, 2003 and Dec 26, 2016, in 41 sites (34 countries) from the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study. We estimated the prevalence of chronic cough for each site accounting for sampling design. To identify risk factors, we conducted multivariable logistic regression analysis within each site and then pooled estimates using random -effects metaanalysis. We also calculated the population attributable risk (PAR) associated with each of the identifed risk factors. Findings The prevalence of chronic cough varied from 3% in India (rural Pune) to 24% in the United States of America (Lexington,KY). Chronic cough was more common among females, both current and passive smokers, those working in a dusty job, those with a history of tuberculosis, those who were obese, those with a low level of education and those with hypertension or airflow limitation. The most influential risk factors were current smoking and working in a dusty job. Interpretation Our findings suggested that the prevalence of chronic cough varies widely across sites in different world regions. Cigarette smoking and exposure to dust in the workplace are its major risk factors.

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  • 17.
    Absetz, Pilvikki
    et al.
    Univ Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland;Collaborat Care Syst Finland, Helsinki, Finland.
    Van Olmen, Josefien
    Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Alvesson, Helle
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Delobelle, Peter
    Univ Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa.
    Kasujja, Francis
    Makerere Univ, Kampala, Uganda.
    Guwatudde, David
    Makerere Univ, Kampala, Uganda.
    Puoane, Thandi
    Univ Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa.
    Daivadanam, Meena
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap. Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    SMART2D: a self-management approach linking health care and community in prevention and management of type 2 diabetes2018Ingår i: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 25, s. S113-S114Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Absetz, Pilvikki
    et al.
    Collaborat Care Syst Finland, Helsinki 00270, Finland..
    Van Olmen, Josefien
    Univ Antwerp, Dept Primary & Interdisciplinary Care, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium.;Inst Trop Med, Dept Publ Hlth, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium..
    Guwatudde, David
    Makerere Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Blostat, Sch Publ Hlth, Kampala, Uganda..
    Puoane, Thandi
    Univ Western Cape, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Community & Hlth Sci, ZA-7535 Bellville, South Africa..
    Alvesson, Helle Molsted
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, S-17165 Solna, Sweden..
    Delobelle, Peter
    Univ Western Cape, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Community & Hlth Sci, ZA-7535 Bellville, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Chron Dis Initiat Africa, Dept Med, Fac Hlth Sci, ZA-7701 Rondebosch, South Africa..
    Mayega, Roy
    Makerere Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Blostat, Sch Publ Hlth, Kampala, Uganda..
    Kasujja, Francis
    Makerere Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Blostat, Sch Publ Hlth, Kampala, Uganda..
    Naggayi, Gloria
    Makerere Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Blostat, Sch Publ Hlth, Kampala, Uganda..
    Timm, Linda
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, S-17165 Solna, Sweden..
    Hassen, Mariam
    Univ Western Cape, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Community & Hlth Sci, ZA-7535 Bellville, South Africa..
    Aweko, Juliet
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, S-17165 Solna, Sweden..
    De Man, Jeroen
    Univ Antwerp, Dept Primary & Interdisciplinary Care, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium.;Inst Trop Med, Dept Publ Hlth, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium..
    Ahlgren, Jhon Alvarez
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, S-17165 Solna, Sweden..
    Annerstedt, Kristi Sidney
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, S-17165 Solna, Sweden..
    Daivadanam, Meena
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, S-17165 Solna, Sweden..
    SMART2D-development and contextualization of community strategies to support self-management in prevention and control of type 2 diabetes in Uganda, South Africa, and Sweden2020Ingår i: Translational Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1869-6716, E-ISSN 1613-9860, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 25-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its complications are increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries, as well as among socioeconomically disadvantaged populations in high-income countries. Support for healthy lifestyle and self-management is paramount but not well implemented in health systems, and there is need for knowledge on how to design and implement interventions that are contextualized and patient centered and address special needs of disadvantaged population groups. The SMART2D project implements and evaluates a lifestyle and self-management intervention for participants recently diagnosed with or being at increased risk for T2D in rural communities in Uganda, an urban township in South Africa, and socioeconomically disadvantaged urban communities in Sweden. Our aim was to develop an intervention with shared key functions and a good fit with the local context, needs, and resources. The intervention program design was conducted in three steps facilitated by a coordinating team: (a) situational analysis based on the SMART2D Self-Management Framework and definition of intervention objectives and core strategies; (b) designing generic tools for the strategies; and (c) contextual translation of the generic tools and their delivery. This article focuses on community strategies to strengthen support from the social and physical environment and to link health care and community support. Situational analyses showed that objectives and key functions addressing mediators from the SMART2D framework could be shared. Generic tools ensured retaining of functions, while content and delivery were highly contextualized. Phased, collaborative approach and theoretical framework ensured that key functions were not lost in contextualization, also allowing for cross-comparison despite flexibility with other aspects of the intervention between the sites.

  • 19.
    Abuelgasim, Khalda
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
     “Who do I turn to?” The experiences of Sudanese women and Eritrean refugee women when trying to access healthcare services in Sudan after being subject to gender-based violence2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To explore the experiences of Sudanese women and Eritrean refugee women in Sudan when seeking healthcare after being subject to gender-based violence.

    Background: In Sudan there is a general assumption that anyone who is subject violence, including gender-based violence, must first go to the police department to file a report and be given “Form Eight”, a legal document, which they must present to the healthcare provider before they receive any care. Without this form healthcare providers are, supposedly, by law not allowed to treat the person. This complicates an already vague system of services for women subject to gender-based violence.

    Methods: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews of eight Sudanese women and seven Eritrean refugee women. Data was analyzed through a framework analysis (a form of thematic analysis).

    Results: Women had to bring Form Eight before they received any help, this led to a delay in the time to receive care. There was a general lack of cooperation by police officers. Some women feared the consequences of help seeking, apparent amongst those subject to domestic violence and the Eritrean refugee women. Generally, the healthcare provided to these women was inadequate.

    Conclusion: This study concludes the experiences of all the women in this study when seeking healthcare after being subject to gender-based violence were far from international standards. A lot needs to be done in order for women to know the clear answer to the question posed in the title of this study; “Who do I turn to?”.

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  • 20.
    Accordini, Simone
    et al.
    Univ Verona, Dept Diagnost & Publ Hlth, Unit Epidemiol & Med Stat, Verona, Italy.
    Calciano, Lucia
    Univ Verona, Dept Diagnost & Publ Hlth, Unit Epidemiol & Med Stat, Verona, Italy.
    Johannessen, Ane
    Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Ctr Int Hlth, Bergen, Norway.
    Portas, Laura
    Univ Verona, Dept Diagnost & Publ Hlth, Unit Epidemiol & Med Stat, Verona, Italy.
    Benediktsdottir, Bryndis
    Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen
    Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Bergen, Norway;Haukeland Hosp, Dept Occupat Med, Bergen, Norway.
    Braback, Lennart
    Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Div Occupat & Environm Med, Umea, Sweden.
    Carsin, Anne-Elie
    Ctr Res Environm Epidemiol CREAL, ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain;UPF, Barcelona, Spain;CIBER Epidemiol & Salud PUbl CIBERESP, Barcelona, Spain.
    Dharmage, Shyamali C.
    Univ Verona, Dept Diagnost & Publ Hlth, Unit Epidemiol & Med Stat, Verona, Italy;Univ Melbourne, Sch Populat & Global Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Dratva, Julia
    ZHAW Sch Hlth Profess, Inst Hlth Sci, Winterthur, Switzerland;Basel Univ, Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Basel, Switzerland.
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Div Occupat & Environm Med, Umea, Sweden.
    Real, Francisco Gomez
    Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Bergen, Norway.
    Heinrich, Joachim
    Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Univ Hosp Munich, Inner City Clin, Inst & Outpatient Clin Occupat,Social & Environm, Munich, Germany.
    Holloway, John W.
    Univ Southampton, Fac Med, Human Dev & Hlth, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Holm, Mathias
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Janson, Christer
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
    Jogi, Rain
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning. Tartu Univ Hosp, Lung Clin, Tartu, Estonia.
    Leynaert, Benedicte
    INSERM, Pathophysiol & Epidemiol Resp Dis, UMR 1152, Paris, France.
    Malinovschi, Andrei
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk fysiologi.
    Marcon, Alessandro
    Univ Verona, Dept Diagnost & Publ Hlth, Unit Epidemiol & Med Stat, Verona, Italy.
    Martinez-Moratalla Rovira, Jesus
    CHUA, Hlth Serv Castilla La Mancha SESCAM, Pneumol Serv, Albacete, Spain;Univ Castilla La Mancha, Sch Med, Albacete, Spain.
    Raherison, Chantal
    Bordeaux Univ, INSERM, U1219, Bordeaux, France.
    Luis Sanchez-Ramos, Jose
    Univ Huelva, Dept Nursing, Huelva, Spain.
    Schlunssen, Vivi
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark;Natl Res Ctr Working Environm, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Bono, Roberto
    Univ Turin, Dept Publ Hlth & Pediat, Turin, Italy.
    Corsico, Angelo G.
    Univ Pavia, IRCCS San Matteo Hosp Fdn, Div Resp Dis, Pavia, Italy.
    Demoly, Pascal
    Univ Montpellier, Hop Arnaud Villeneuve, Dept Pneumol & Addictol, Montpellier, France;Sorbonne Univ, INSERM, IPLESP, Paris, France.
    Dorado Arenas, Sandra
    Galdakao Usansolo Hosp, Pulmonol Dept, Biscay, Spain.
    Nowak, Dennis
    Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Univ Hosp Munich, Inner City Clin, Inst & Outpatient Clin Occupat,Social & Environm, Munich, Germany;Comprehens Pneumol Ctr Munich, German Ctr Lung Res, Munich, Germany.
    Pin, Isabelle
    CHU Grenoble Alpes, Pediat, Grenoble, France;Inst Adv Biosci, INSERM 1209, Grenoble, France;Univ Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.
    Weyler, Joost
    Univ Antwerp, Dept Epidemiol & Social Med, Antwerp, Belgium;Univ Antwerp, StatUA Stat Ctr, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Jarvis, Deborah
    Imperial Coll, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Populat Hlth & Occupat Dis, London, England;Imperial Coll, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England.
    Svanes, Cecilie
    Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Ctr Int Hlth, Bergen, Norway;Haukeland Hosp, Dept Occupat Med, Bergen, Norway.
    Ageing, Lungs European Cohorts A. L. E. C. Study
    A three-generation study on the association of tobacco smoking with asthma2018Ingår i: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685, Vol. 47, nr 4, s. 1106-1117Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mothers' smoking during pregnancy increases asthma risk in their offspring. There is some evidence that grandmothers' smoking may have a similar effect, and biological plausibility that fathers' smoking during adolescence may influence offspring's health through transmittable epigenetic changes in sperm precursor cells. We evaluated the three-generation associations of tobacco smoking with asthma. Methods: Between 2010 and 2013, at the European Community Respiratory Health Survey III clinical interview, 2233 mothers and 1964 fathers from 26 centres reported whether their offspring (aged <= 51 years) had ever had asthma and whether it had coexisted with nasal allergies or not. Mothers and fathers also provided information on their parents' (grandparents) and their own asthma, education and smoking history. Multilevel mediation models within a multicentre three-generation framework were fitted separately within the maternal (4666 offspring) and paternal (4192 offspring) lines. Results: Fathers' smoking before they were 15 [relative risk ratio (RRR) = 1.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01-2.01] and mothers' smoking during pregnancy (RRR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.01-1.59) were associated with asthma without nasal allergies in their offspring. Grandmothers' smoking during pregnancy was associated with asthma in their daughters [odds ratio (OR) = 1.55, 95% CI: 1.17-2.06] and with asthma with nasal allergies in their grandchildren within the maternal line (RRR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.02-1.55). Conclusions: Fathers' smoking during early adolescence and grandmothers' and mothers' smoking during pregnancy may independently increase asthma risk in offspring. Thus, risk factors for asthma should be sought in both parents and before conception.

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  • 21.
    Adams, A. M.
    et al.
    McGill Univ, Dept Family Med, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Montreal, PQ, Canada; BRAC Univ, BRAC James P Grant Sch Publ Hlth, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Khan, Akib
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Roy, A. S.
    McGill Univ, Dept Family Med, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Montreal, PQ, Canada.
    Hassan, Md. T.
    BRAC Univ, BRAC James P Grant Sch Publ Hlth, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Mridha, M. K.
    BRAC Univ, BRAC James P Grant Sch Publ Hlth, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Ahmed, N. U.
    Shornokishori Network Fdn, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Mustaphi, P.
    UNICEF Bangladesh Country Off, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Chowdhury, I.
    UNICEF Bangladesh Country Off, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Khondker, R.
    Global Alliance Improved Nutr GAIN, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Hyder, Z.
    World Bank Grp Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    Growth dynamics among adolescent girls in Bangladesh: Evidence from nationally representative data spanning 2011-20142021Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 16, nr 7, artikel-id e0255273Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Adolescence is the last opportunity to reverse any growth faltering accumulated from fetal life through childhood and it is considered a crucial period to optimize human development. In Bangladesh, a growing double burden of underweight and obesity in adolescents is recognized, yet limited data exists on how, when, and where to intervene. This study assesses the dynamics of growth among adolescent girls in Bangladesh, providing insight about critical junctures where faltering occurs and where immediate interventions are warranted.

    Methods

    We pooled data from Bangladesh’s Food Security and Nutrition Surveillance Project collected between 2011 and 2014 to document the age dynamics of weight and linear growth. 20,572 adolescent girls were measured for height and 19,345 for weight. We constructed growth curves for height, weight, stunting, and underweight. We also stratified growth dynamics by wealth quintile to assess socioeconomic inequities in adolescent trajectories.

    Results

    Height-for-age z-score (HAZ) in Bangladeshi girls deteriorates throughout adolescence and especially during the early years. Mean HAZ decreases by 0.20 standard deviations (sd) per year in early adolescence (10–14 years) vs 0.06 sd/year during late adolescence (15–19 years), while stunting increases by 16 percentage points (pp) vs 6.7 pp, respectively. Conversely, BMI-for-age z-score (BAZ) increases by 0.13 sd/year in early adolescence vs 0.02 sd/year in late adolescence, and underweight decreases by 12.8 pp vs 3.2 pp. Adolescent girls in all socioeconomic groups show a similar pattern of HAZ and BAZ dynamics, but the curve for the richest quintile stays above that of the poorest across all ages.

    Conclusions

    Trends and levels of stunting and underweight among adolescent girls in Bangladesh are worrisome, suggesting substantial linear growth faltering in early adolescence, with improving weight-for-age occurring only as linear growth slows and stops. Given the rising burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Bangladesh and emerging evidence of the link between stunting and later chronic diseases, greater attention to adolescent growth and development is needed. Our findings suggest that, to address stunting, interventions in early adolescence would have the greatest benefits. School-based interventions could be a way to target this population.

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  • 22.
    Adams, Emma A.
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, Dept Publ Hlth & Nursing, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway;Ontario Shores Ctr Mental Hlth Sci, Strateg Initiat, Whitby, ON, Canada.
    Darj, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård och migration. Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, Dept Publ Hlth & Nursing, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway;St Olavs Univ Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Wijewardene, Kumudu
    Univ Sri Jayewardenepura, Fac Med Sci, Dept Community Med Hlth, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka.
    Infanti, Jennifer J.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, Dept Publ Hlth & Nursing, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
    Perceptions on the sexual harassment of female nurses in a state hospital in Sri Lanka: a qualitative study2019Ingår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 12, nr 1, artikel-id 1560587Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Sexual harassment occurs within the nursing profession globally, challenging the health and safety of nurses and the quality and efficiency of health systems. In Sri Lanka, no studies have explored this issue in the health sector; however, female employees face sexual harassment in other workplace settings.

    Objective:

    To explore female nurses' perceptions of workplace sexual harassment in a large state hospital in Sri Lanka.

    Methods:

    This is a qualitative study conducted in an urban, mainly Buddhist and Singhalese context. We invited all female senior and ward nurses working in the hospital to participate in the study. We conducted individual in-depth interviews with four senior nurses and focus group discussions with 29 nurses in three groups.

    Results:

    The nurses described a variety of perceived forms of sexual harassment in the hospital. They discussed patient-perpetrated incidents as the most threatening and the clearest to identify compared with incidents involving doctors and other co-workers. There was significant ambiguity regarding sexual consent and coercion in relationships between female nurses and male doctors, which were described as holding potential for exploitation or harassment. The nurses reported that typical reactions to sexual harassment were passive. Alternatively, they described encountering inaction or victim blaming when they attempted to formally report incidents. They perceived that workplace sexual harassment has contributed to negative societal attitudes about the nursing profession and discussed various informal strategies, such as working in teams, to protect themselves from sexual harassment in the hospital.

    Conclusions:

    Sexual harassment was a perceived workplace concern for nurses in this hospital. To develop effective local prevention and intervention responses, further research is required to determine the magnitude of the problem and explore differences in responses to and consequences of sexual harassment based on perpetrator type and intent, and personal vulnerabilities of the victims, among other factors.

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  • 23.
    Adamsson, Viola
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    A Healthy Nordic Diet and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: Intervention Studies with Special Emphasis on Plasma Lipoproteins2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A healthy diet is important in the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Several risk factors, modifiable by diet, are involved in the development of CVD, e.g. hyperlipidaemia, hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance, obesity and hypertension. Little data however exist on diets composed of foods originating from the Nordic countries, and their potential to reduce CVD risk.

    This thesis aimed to investigate whether an ad libitum healthy Nordic diet (ND), either provided as a whole diet, or as a prudent breakfast (PB) alone, could influence CVD risk factors in healthy, mildly hypercholesterolemic men and women. Another aim was to describe the nutrient and food composition of the ND, both by using self-reported data and serum biomarkers of dietary fat quality.

    The primary clinical outcome measure was LDL-cholesterol, and other cardiometabolic risk factors were secondary outcomes.

    Two parallel, randomised, controlled intervention studies were conducted in free-living subjects. Clinical and dietary assessments were performed at baseline and at the end of dietary interventions. All foods were provided to subjects randomised to ND, whereas only breakfast items were supplied to subjects randomised to PB. Control groups followed their habitual diet/breakfast.

    Compared with controls, ND reduced body weight and improved several CVD risk factors including LDL-cholesterol, insulin sensitivity and blood pressure. Several, but not all effects were probably partly mediated by diet-induced weight loss. ND accorded with Nordic nutrition recommendations and was defined as “a plant-based diet, where animal products are used sparingly as side dishes”. Compared with average Swedish diet, ND was high in dietary fibre, but low in sodium, meat, high-fat dairy products, sweets and alcohol. A decreased intake of saturated fat and increased intake of n-3 PUFA during ND was partly reflected in serum lipids. Eating a PB without other dietary changes did not improve lipid or glucose metabolism, but decreased markers of visceral fat and inflammation, without influencing body weight.

    This thesis suggests that a whole ND, but not PB alone, promotes weight loss and improves multiple CVD risk factors in healthy subjects after 6 weeks. These results suggest that ND could have a potential role in the prevention of cardiometabolic diseases.

    Delarbeten
    1. Effects of a healthy Nordic diet on cardiovascular risk factors in hypercholesterolaemic subjects: a randomized controlled trial (NORDIET)
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Effects of a healthy Nordic diet on cardiovascular risk factors in hypercholesterolaemic subjects: a randomized controlled trial (NORDIET)
    Visa övriga...
    2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 269, nr 2, s. 150-159Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a healthy Nordic diet (ND) on cardiovascular risk factors. Design and subjects. In a randomized controlled trial (NORDIET) conducted in Sweden, 88 mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects were randomly assigned to an ad libitum ND or control diet (subjects' usual Western diet) for 6 weeks. Participants in the ND group were provided with all meals and foods. Primary outcome measurements were low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and secondary outcomes were blood pressure (BP) and insulin sensitivity (fasting insulin and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance). The ND was rich in high-fibre plant foods, fruits, berries, vegetables, whole grains, rapeseed oil, nuts, fish and low-fat milk products, but low in salt, added sugars and saturated fats. Results. The ND contained 27%, 52%, 19% and 2% of energy from fat, carbohydrate, protein and alcohol, respectively. In total, 86 of 88 subjects randomly assigned to diet completed the study. Compared with controls, there was a decrease in plasma cholesterol (-16%, P < 0.001), LDL cholesterol (-21%, P < 0.001), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (-5%, P < 0.01), LDL/HDL (-14%, P < 0.01) and apolipoprotein (apo)B/apoA1 (-1%, P < 0.05) in the ND group. The ND reduced insulin (-9%, P = 0.01) and systolic BP by -6.6 +/- 13.2 mmHg (-5%, P < 0.05) compared with the control diet. Despite the ad libitum nature of the ND, body weight decreased after 6 weeks in the ND compared with the control group (-4%, P < 0.001). After adjustment for weight change, the significant differences between groups remained for blood lipids, but not for insulin sensitivity or BP. There were no significant differences in diastolic BP or triglyceride or glucose concentrations. Conclusions. A healthy ND improves blood lipid profile and insulin sensitivity and lowers blood pressure at clinically relevant levels in hypercholesterolaemic subjects.

    Nyckelord
    cardiovascular risk factors, cholesterol, diet, Nordic foods, nutrition
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146074 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-2796.2010.02290.x (DOI)000286110100004 ()20964740 (PubMedID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-02-15 Skapad: 2011-02-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-01-28Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. What is a healthy Nordic diet?: Foods and nutrients in the NORDIET study
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>What is a healthy Nordic diet?: Foods and nutrients in the NORDIET study
    Visa övriga...
    2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 56, s. 18189-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A healthy Nordic diet (ND), a diet based on foods originating from the Nordic countries, improves blood lipid profile and insulin sensitivity and lowers blood pressure and body weight in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Objective: To describe and compare food and nutrient composition of the ND in relation to the intake of a Swedish reference population (SRP) and the recommended intake (RI) and average requirement (AR), as described by the Nordic nutrition recommendations (NNR). Design: The analyses were based on an estimate of actual food and nutrient intake of 44 men and women (mean age 53 +/- 8 years, BMI 26 +/- 3), representing an intervention arm receiving ND for 6 weeks. Results: The main difference between ND and SRP was the higher intake of plant foods, fish, egg and vegetable fat and a lower intake of meat products, dairy products, sweets and desserts and alcoholic beverages during ND (p<0.001 for all food groups). Intake of cereals and seeds was similar between ND and SRP (p>0.3). The relative intake of protein, fat and carbohydrates during ND was in accordance with RI. Intake of all vitamins and minerals was above AR, whereas sodium intake was below RI. Conclusions: When compared with the food intake of an SRP, ND is primarily a plant-based diet. ND represents a balanced food intake that meets the current RI and AR of NNR 2004 and has a dietary pattern that is associated with decreased morbidity and mortality.

    Nyckelord
    Nordic foods, nutrient intake, food intake, Swedish reference population, Nordic nutrition recommendations
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200134 (URN)10.3402/fnr.v56i0.18189 (DOI)000317128500001 ()
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-05-21 Skapad: 2013-05-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-22Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Influence of a healthy Nordic diet on serum fatty acid composition and associations with blood lipoproteins: results from the NORDIET study
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Influence of a healthy Nordic diet on serum fatty acid composition and associations with blood lipoproteins: results from the NORDIET study
    2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 58, s. 24114-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The fatty acid (FA) composition of serum lipids is related to the quality of dietary fat. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a healthy Nordic diet (ND) on the FA composition of serum cholesterol esters (CE-FA) and assess the associations between changes in the serum CE-FA composition and blood lipoproteins during a controlled dietary intervention.

    Methods: The NORDIET trial was a six-week randomised, controlled, parallel-group dietary intervention study that included 86 adults (53±8 years) with elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C. Serum CE-FA composition was measured using gas chromatography. Diet history interviews were conducted, and daily intake was assessed using checklists.

    Results: Food and nutrient intake data indicated that there was a reduction in the fat intake from dairy and meat products and an increase in the consumption of fatty fish with the ND, decreasing the levels of saturated fatty acids (SFA) in the diet, slightly decreasing the levels of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and moderately increasing the levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Concomitantly, the levels of CE-SFA 14:0, 15:0 and 18:0, but not 16:0, decreased during the ND, and these changes differed from those observed in the control diet group (p<0.01). In contrast, serum 22:6n-3 increased during the ND compared with the control diet (p<0.01). The changes in CE-SFA 14:0, 15:0 and 18:0 during the intervention correlated positively with those in LDL-C, HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, ApoA1 and ApoB (p<0.01), whereas the changes in CE-PUFA 22:6n-3 were negatively correlated with changes in the corresponding serum lipids.

    Conclusions: The decreased intake of saturated fat and increased intake of n-3 PUFA in a healthy Nordic diet are partly reflected by changes in the serum CE-FA composition, which are associated with an improved serum lipoprotein pattern.

    Nationell ämneskategori
    Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-211868 (URN)10.3402/fnr.v58.24114 (DOI)000345968000001 ()25476792 (PubMedID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-12-02 Skapad: 2013-12-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-22Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Role of a prudent breakfast in improving cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with hypercholesterolemia: a randomized controlled trial
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Role of a prudent breakfast in improving cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with hypercholesterolemia: a randomized controlled trial
    (Engelska)Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Submitted
    Abstract [en]

    Background & Aims: It is unclear whether advising a prudent breakfast alone is sufficient to improve blood lipids and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight hypercholesterolemic subjects.

    Methods: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a prudent low-fat breakfast (PB) rich in dietary fiber lowers low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and other cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with elevated LDL-cholesterol levels. In a parallel, controlled, 12-week study, 79 healthy overweight subjects (all regular breakfast eaters) were randomly allocated to a group that received a PB based on Nordic foods provided ad libitum or a control group that consumed their usual breakfast. The PB was in accordance with national and Nordic nutrition recommendations and included oat bran porridge with low-fat milk or yogurt, bilberry or lingonberry jam, whole grain bread, low-fat spread, poultry or fatty fish, and fruit.

    Results: No differences were found in LDL-C, blood lipids, body weight, or glucose metabolism, but SAD, plasma CRP, and TNF-R2 were lower during PB compared with controls (p<0.05). In the overall diet, PB increased dietary fiber and b-glucan compared with controls (p<0.05).

    Conclusions: Advising a prudent breakfast for 3 months did not influence blood lipids, body weight, or glucose metabolism but reduced markers of visceral fat and inflammation.

     

    Nyckelord
    Prudent breakfast, LDL-cholesterol, cardiometabolic risk factors, Nordic diet, inflammation, visceral fat
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
    Forskningsämne
    Nutrition
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-211870 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-12-02 Skapad: 2013-12-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-01-24Bibliografiskt granskad
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  • 24.
    Adamsson, Viola
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Cederholm, Tommy
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Vessby, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Riserus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Influence of a healthy Nordic diet on serum fatty acid composition and associations with blood lipoproteins: results from the NORDIET study2014Ingår i: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 58, s. 24114-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The fatty acid (FA) composition of serum lipids is related to the quality of dietary fat. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a healthy Nordic diet (ND) on the FA composition of serum cholesterol esters (CE-FA) and assess the associations between changes in the serum CE-FA composition and blood lipoproteins during a controlled dietary intervention.

    Methods: The NORDIET trial was a six-week randomised, controlled, parallel-group dietary intervention study that included 86 adults (53±8 years) with elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C. Serum CE-FA composition was measured using gas chromatography. Diet history interviews were conducted, and daily intake was assessed using checklists.

    Results: Food and nutrient intake data indicated that there was a reduction in the fat intake from dairy and meat products and an increase in the consumption of fatty fish with the ND, decreasing the levels of saturated fatty acids (SFA) in the diet, slightly decreasing the levels of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and moderately increasing the levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Concomitantly, the levels of CE-SFA 14:0, 15:0 and 18:0, but not 16:0, decreased during the ND, and these changes differed from those observed in the control diet group (p<0.01). In contrast, serum 22:6n-3 increased during the ND compared with the control diet (p<0.01). The changes in CE-SFA 14:0, 15:0 and 18:0 during the intervention correlated positively with those in LDL-C, HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, ApoA1 and ApoB (p<0.01), whereas the changes in CE-PUFA 22:6n-3 were negatively correlated with changes in the corresponding serum lipids.

    Conclusions: The decreased intake of saturated fat and increased intake of n-3 PUFA in a healthy Nordic diet are partly reflected by changes in the serum CE-FA composition, which are associated with an improved serum lipoprotein pattern.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 25.
    Adamsson, Viola
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Reumark, Anna
    Lantmännen.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Biokemisk struktur och funktion.
    Riserus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Role of a prudent breakfast in improving cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with hypercholesterolemia: a randomized controlled trialArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background & Aims: It is unclear whether advising a prudent breakfast alone is sufficient to improve blood lipids and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight hypercholesterolemic subjects.

    Methods: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a prudent low-fat breakfast (PB) rich in dietary fiber lowers low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and other cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with elevated LDL-cholesterol levels. In a parallel, controlled, 12-week study, 79 healthy overweight subjects (all regular breakfast eaters) were randomly allocated to a group that received a PB based on Nordic foods provided ad libitum or a control group that consumed their usual breakfast. The PB was in accordance with national and Nordic nutrition recommendations and included oat bran porridge with low-fat milk or yogurt, bilberry or lingonberry jam, whole grain bread, low-fat spread, poultry or fatty fish, and fruit.

    Results: No differences were found in LDL-C, blood lipids, body weight, or glucose metabolism, but SAD, plasma CRP, and TNF-R2 were lower during PB compared with controls (p<0.05). In the overall diet, PB increased dietary fiber and b-glucan compared with controls (p<0.05).

    Conclusions: Advising a prudent breakfast for 3 months did not influence blood lipids, body weight, or glucose metabolism but reduced markers of visceral fat and inflammation.

     

  • 26.
    Adane, Abyot
    et al.
    Ethiopian Pharmaceut Supply Agcy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Adege, Tewabe M.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Ahmed, Mesoud M.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Anteneh, Habtamu A.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Ayalew, Emiamrew S.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Berhanu, Della
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Dis Control, London, England..
    Berhanu, Netsanet
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Beyene, Misrak G.
    Ethiopian Publ Hlth Inst, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Bhattacharya, Antoinette
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Dis Control, London, England..
    Bishaw, Tesfahun
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Cherinet, Eshetu
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Dereje, Mamo
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Desta, Tsega H.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Dibabe, Abera
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Firew, Heven S.
    Ethiopian Publ Hlth Inst, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Gebrehiwot, Freweini
    Ethiopian Publ Hlth Inst, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Gebreyohannes, Etenesh
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Gella, Zenebech
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Girma, Addis
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Halefom, Zuriash
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Jama, Sorsa F.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Kemal, Binyam
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Kiflom, Abyi
    Ethiopian Pharmaceut Supply Agcy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Källestål, Carina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Dis Control, London, England..
    Lemma, Seblewengel
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Dis Control, London, England..
    Mazengiya, Yidnekachew D.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Mekete, Kalkidan
    Ethiopian Publ Hlth Inst, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Mengesha, Magdelawit
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Nega, Meresha W.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Otoro, Israel A.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Schellenberg, Joanna
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Dis Control, London, England..
    Taddele, Tefera
    Ethiopian Publ Hlth Inst, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Tefera, Gulilat
    Ethiopian Pharmaceut Supply Agcy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Teketel, Admasu
    Ethiopian Pharmaceut Supply Agcy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Tesfaye, Miraf
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Tsegaye, Tsion
    Ethiopian Pharmaceut Supply Agcy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Woldesenbet, Kidist
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Wondarad, Yakob
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Yosuf, Zemzem M.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Zealiyas, Kidist
    Ethiopian Publ Hlth Inst, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Zeweli, Mebratom H.
    Minist Hlth, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Persson, Lars-Åke
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition. London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Dis Control, London, England..
    Janson, Annika
    London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Dis Control, London, England.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Routine health management information system data in Ethiopia: consistency, trends, and challenges2021Ingår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 14, nr 1, artikel-id 1868961Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ethiopia is investing in the routine Health Management Information System. Improved routine data are needed for decision-making in the health sector.

    Objective: To analyse the quality of the routine Health Management Information System data and triangulate with other sources, such as the Demographic and Health Surveys.

    Methods: We analysed national Health Management Information System data on 19 indicators of maternal health, neonatal survival, immunization, child nutrition, malaria, and tuberculosis over the 2012-2018 time period. The analyses were conducted by 38 analysts from the Ministry of Health, Ethiopia, and two government agencies who participated in the Operational Research and Coaching for Analysts (ORCA) project between June 2018 and June 2020. Using a World Health Organization Data Quality Review toolkit, we assessed indicator definitions, completeness, internal consistency over time and between related indicators, and external consistency compared with other data sources.

    Results: Several services reported coverage of above 100%. For many indicators, denominators were based on poor-quality population data estimates. Data on individual vaccinations had relatively good internal consistency. In contrast, there was low external consistency for data on fully vaccinated children, with the routine Health Management Information System showing 89% coverage but the Demographic and Health Survey estimate at 39%. Maternal health indicators displayed increasing coverage over time. Indicators on child nutrition, malaria, and tuberculosis were less consistent. Data on neonatal mortality were incomplete and operationalised as mortality on day 0-6. Our comparisons with survey and population projections indicated that one in eight early neonatal deaths were reported in the routine Health Management Information System. Data quality varied between regions.

    Conclusions: The quality of routine data gathered in the health system needs further attention. We suggest regular triangulation with data from other sources. We recommend addressing the denominator issues, reducing the complexity of indicators, and aligning indicators to international definitions.

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  • 27.
    Adel, Rabie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Challenges facing Pro-life and Pro-choice organisations within Warsaw, Poland2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 28. Adeniran, Abosede
    et al.
    Likaka, Andrew
    Knutsson, Anneka
    Costello, Anthony
    Daelmans, Bernadette
    Maliqi, Blerta
    Burssa, Daniel
    Freer, Joseph
    Askew, Ian
    Bowen, Lisa
    Kak, Lily
    McDougall, Lori
    Zaka, Nabila
    Tunçalp, Özge
    Tenhoope-Bender, Petra
    Syed, Shamsuzzoha Babar
    Swartling Peterson, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH), Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition.
    Luchesi, Thiago
    Zeck, Willibald
    Were, Wilson
    Barker, Pierre
    Naimy, Zainab
    Leadership, action, learning and accountability to deliver quality care for women, newborns and children.2018Ingår i: Bulletin of the World Health Organization, ISSN 0042-9686, E-ISSN 1564-0604, Vol. 96, nr 3, s. 222-224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 29.
    Adhikari, Tara Ballav
    et al.
    Aarhus Univ, Sect Global Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark.;Nepal Dev Soc, COBIN Project, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal..
    Neupane, Dinesh
    Nepal Dev Soc, COBIN Project, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Welch Ctr Prevent Epidemiol & Clin Res, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Karki, Arjun
    HAMS Hosp, Dept Pulm Crit Care & Sleep Med, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Drews, Arne
    Nepalmed, Leipzig, Germany..
    Cooper, Brendan
    Univ Hosp Birmingham, Lung Funct & Sleep, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Högman, Marieann
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
    Sigsgaard, Torben
    Aarhus Univ, Sect Environm Occupat & Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Kallestrup, Per
    Aarhus Univ, Sect Global Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Community-based intervention for prevention and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Nepal (COBIN-P trial): study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial2021Ingår i: Trials, E-ISSN 1745-6215, Vol. 22, artikel-id 474Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and the commonest of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Nepal. Risk factors like indoor and outdoor air pollution, a high prevalence of smoking, and the lack of awareness of COPD make it a serious public health concern. However, no attempt has been made in Nepal to estimate its burden and address the disease at the community level.

    Method: This study aims to evaluate the effect of a community-based health educational intervention administered by Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs) on the prevention and management of COPD. An open-label, two-group, community-based, cluster-randomized controlled trial will be implemented in the semi-urban area of Pokhara Metropolitan city (former Lekhnath Municipality) located in the Kaski district of Nepal. The estimated sample size of the intervention will be 1143. The unit of randomization is the ward (administrative unit) of the study area. The follow-up survey will be conducted immediately after 12months of FCHVs-led interventions. The difference in the rate of decline of forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1) and FEV1/FVC (forced vital capacity) ratio are the primary outcomes and the change in the proportion of modifiable risk factors of COPD, health-related quality of life scores, and change in knowledge of COPD will be secondary outcomes.

    Discussion: This study will estimate the burden of COPD, the magnitude of risk factors and generate evidence to mobilize community health workers for COPD prevention and management at the community level in Nepal.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT03797768. Registered on January 9, 2019.

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  • 30.
    Adhikari, Tara Ballav
    et al.
    Nepal Hlth Frontiers, Tokha 5, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal.;Nepal Dev Soc, COBIN Project, Chitwan, Nepal.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Sect Environm Occupat & Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Paudel, Kiran
    Nepal Hlth Frontiers, Tokha 5, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal..
    Paudel, Rajan
    Nepal Hlth Frontiers, Tokha 5, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal..
    Bhusal, Sandesh
    Nepal Hlth Frontiers, Tokha 5, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal..
    Rijal, Anupa
    Nepal Hlth Frontiers, Tokha 5, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal.;Nepal Dev Soc, COBIN Project, Chitwan, Nepal.;Univ Southern Denmark, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Reg Hlth Res, Odense, Denmark..
    Högman, Marieann
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
    Neupane, Dinesh
    Nepal Dev Soc, COBIN Project, Chitwan, Nepal.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Int Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Sigsgaard, Torben
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Sect Environm Occupat & Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Kallestrup, Per
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Sect Global Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Burden and risk factors of chronic respiratory diseases in Nepal, 1990-2019: An analysis of the global burden of diseases study2023Ingår i: Health Science Reports, E-ISSN 2398-8835, Vol. 6, nr 2, artikel-id e1091Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Aims: Chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) substantially contribute to morbidity and mortality globally and in Nepal. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the trend and the burden of CRDs in Nepal. This study reports the trend of the burden and contribution of major risk factors to CRDs in Nepal from 1990 to 2019.

    Methods: This study is an observational study using publicly available data from Global Burden of Disease 2019 estimations for Nepal. The age-standardized and age-specific prevalence, incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), and risk factors for CRDs in Nepal were extracted to measure the burden and its trend. The data are presented as percentages or as rates per 100,000 population.

    Results: The age-standardized incidence rate of CRDs in Nepal in 2019 was 913.6 per 100,000 (95% uncertainty interval [UI]: 828.7-1000.1), which was an increase of 7.7% from 848.6 per 100,000 (95% UI: 780.2-918.2) in 1990. However, the age-standardized prevalence rate [4453/100,000 (4234.2-4671.8) in 1990; 4457.1/100,000 (4255.2-4666.8) in 2019] was almost stagnant. Most CRDs attributed to deaths and DALYs were due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    Conclusions: Air pollution and smoking are the main risk factors for DALYs due to CRDs in Nepal. This surging burden of the incidence rate of CRDs in Nepal calls for more effective actions to curb the risk factors and diseases.

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  • 31.
    Adielsson, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Distriktssköterskestudenters erfarenhet och tankar om att påverka beslutsfattare för att förbättra folkhälsan.2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 32.
    Adjorlolo, Samuel
    et al.
    Department of Mental Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health Sciences University of Ghana Accra Ghana;Research and Grant Institute of Ghana Accra Ghana.
    Awortwe, Victoria
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Hälsovetenskap och e-hälsa.
    Anum, Adote
    Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, College of Humanities University of Ghana Accra Ghana.
    Huang, Keng‐Yen
    Department of Population Health New York University School of Medicine New York NY USA;Child and Adolescent Psychiatry New York University School of Medicine New York NY USA.
    Mamah, Daniel
    Department of Psychiatry Washington University Medical School St. Louis MO USA.
    Psychotic‐like experiences and adverse life events in young people: Does gender matter?2023Ingår i: Child and Adolescent Mental Health, ISSN 1475-357X, E-ISSN 1475-3588Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) and adverse life events (ALEs) are highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa where gendered practices are also common. There is, however, a paucity of data on how the relationship between PLEs and life adversities is influenced by gender. The current study addressed this gap.

    Method

    Data were collected from 1886 school-based young people (1174 females) in Ghana, West Africa using a cross-sectional survey methodology and analyzed using Chi-square, independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and multivariate regression.

    Results

    The results showed that victimization experiences, school stress and having a family member with mental illness were significantly associated with PLEs in both males and females. In contrast, substance misuse and experiences of head trauma correlated significantly with PLEs in females only.

    Conclusion

    Life adversities constitute major risk factors for PLEs among school-based young people in Ghana, who could benefit from gender neutral and gender-sensitive intervention programming to remediate the effects of life adversities on PLEs.

  • 33.
    Adler, Jeremy
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Colour blindness: journals should enable image redisplay2021Ingår i: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 599, nr 7883, s. 32-32Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Adolfsson, Päivi
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Forskning om funktionshinder och habilitering. Centrum för forskning om funktionshinder.
    Lindstedt, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Forskning om funktionshinder och habilitering.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Forskning om funktionshinder och habilitering. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning Dalarna.
    How people with cognitive disabilities experience electronic planning devices2015Ingår i: NeuroRehabilitation (Reading, MA), ISSN 1053-8135, E-ISSN 1878-6448, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 379-392Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: People with cognitive disabilities have difficulties in accomplishing everyday tasks. Electronic planning devices (EPDs) may compensate for the gap between a person’s capacity and everyday challenges. However, the devices are not always used as intended. Despite that, cognitive assistive technology has been investigated in several studies, knowledge regarding when and what makes adults decide to use EPDs is incomplete. People with cognitive disabilities have difficulties in accomplishing everyday tasks. Electronic planning devices (EPDs) may compensate for the gap between a person’s capacity and everyday challenges. However, the devices are not always used as intended. Despite that, cognitive assistive technology has been investigated in several studies, knowledge regarding when and what makes adults decide to use EPDs is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore the subjective experiences of people with cognitive disabilities in relation to the use of EPDs. The aim was to explore the subjective experiences of people with cognitive disabilities in relation to the use of EPDs. METHODS: A qualitative approach was applied with a qualitative content analysis. Twelve respondents were interviewed with support from a study specific guide. A qualitative approach was applied with a qualitative content analysis. Twelve respondents were interviewed with support from a study specific guide. RESULTS: A model representing the respondents’ experiences in the use of EPDs, comprising one theme, Possibility to master my daily life , four categories, Degree of fit to my needs, I am aware of my cognitive disability, I get help to structure my everyday life and The EPD improves my volition and ten subcategories, was developed. A model representing the respondents’ experiences in the use of EPDs, comprising one theme, Possibility to master my daily life , four categories, Degree of fit to my needs, I am aware of my cognitive disability, I get help to structure my everyday life and The EPD improves my volition and ten subcategories, was developed. CONCLUSIONS: EPDs allow people with cognitive disabilities the possibility to deal with daily challenges; those who find EPDs beneficial tend to use them. EPDs can help people with cognitive disabilities in organisation, managing time and improve volition. EPDs allow people with cognitive disabilities the possibility to deal with daily challenges; those who find EPDs beneficial tend to use them. EPDs can help people with cognitive disabilities in organisation, managing time and improve volition.

  • 35.
    Adolphson, Katja
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Axemo, Pia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Högberg, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Obstetrik & gynekologi.
    Midwives' experiences of working conditions, perceptions of professional role and attitudes towards mothers in Mozambique2016Ingår i: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 40, s. 95-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: low- and middle-income countries still have a long way to go to reach the fifth Millennium Development Goal of reducing maternal mortality. Mozambique has accomplished a reduction of maternal mortality since the 1990s, but still has among the highest in the world. A key strategy in reducing maternal mortality is to invest in midwifery. AIM: the objective was to explore midwives' perspectives of their working conditions, their professional role, and perceptions of attitudes towards mothers in a low-resource setting. SETTING: midwives in urban, suburban, village and remote areas; working in central, general and rural hospitals as well as health centres and health posts were interviewed in Maputo City, Maputo Province and Gaza Province in Mozambique. METHOD: the study had a qualitative research design. Nine semi-structured interviews and one follow-up interview were conducted and analysed with qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: two main themes were found; commitment/devotion and lack of resources. All informants described empathic care-giving, with deep engagement with the mothers and highly valued working in teams. Lack of resources prevented the midwives from providing care and created frustration and feelings of insufficiency. CONCLUSIONS: the midwives perceptions were that they tried to provide empathic, responsive care on their own within a weak health system which created many difficulties. The great potential the midwives possess of providing quality care must be valued and nurtured for their competency to be used more effectively.

  • 36.
    af Wåhlberg, Anders E.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Meta-analysis of the difference in accident risk between long and short truck configurations2008Ingår i: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 315-333Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To investigate whether there is a difference in accident risk for differently sized truck configurations, a meta-analysis was undertaken of all available research. It was found that most studies had been made in the US, and that several methodological problems have plagued this area of investigation, mainly the lack of good exposure data. As larger trucks tend to drive on bigger, and therefore safer, roads, this needs to be taken into account. Some researchers have also suspected that there are systematic differences between drivers of different trucks, but the present analysis showed that this is probably a weak effect. Furthermore, it has been shown that the effects of accidents increase with increasing weight, at least up to a certain point, which makes the comparisons of accident risk sensitive to what type of accident has been investigated. Mean values of the risk ratios between long and short truck configurations were calculated from more than 20 studies, in the categories All, Injuries and Fatal. Also, separate values were computed for studies that had held the influence of road type constant in some way, and those that had not. Given that larger trucks replace a higher number of smaller ones on the roads, the differences in all categories of accidents would seem to indicate that, as a population, heavier trucks have fewer accidents, although the difference is small for Fatal. Unexpectedly, this positive traffic safety effect was more pronounced for the studies that had held road type constant. Furthermore, it was evident from the literature that although the overall effects were positive regarding truck size, larger vehicles have specific problems, which probably put them more at risk in certain environments, like towns.

  • 37.
    Affatato, Oreste
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Schiöth: Funktionell farmakologi. Uppsala universitet, WoMHeR (Centre for Women’s Mental Health during the Reproductive Lifespan).
    Miguet, Maud
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Schiöth: Funktionell farmakologi.
    Schiöth, Helgi B.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Schiöth: Funktionell farmakologi. IM Sechenov First Moscow State Med Univ, Inst Translat Med & Biothechnol, Moscow, Russia..
    Mwinyi, Jessica
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Schiöth: Funktionell farmakologi. Uppsala universitet, WoMHeR (Centre for Women’s Mental Health during the Reproductive Lifespan).
    Major sex differences in migraine prevalence among occupational categories: a cross-sectional study using UK Biobank2021Ingår i: Journal of Headache and Pain, ISSN 1129-2369, E-ISSN 1129-2377, Vol. 22, nr 1, artikel-id 145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Migraine represents one of the most prevalent neurological conditions worldwide. It is a disabling condition with high impact on the working situation of migraineurs. Interestingly, gender-related differences regarding an association of migraine with important occupational characteristics has been hardly studied. Methods The current study scrutinizes gender-specific differences in the prevalence of migraine across a broad spectrum of occupational categories, shedding also light on associations with important job-related features such as shift work, job satisfaction, and physical activity. The study included data from 415 712 participants from the UK Biobank cohort, using the official ICD10 diagnosis of migraine and other health conditions as selection criteria. Prevalence ratios of migraineurs compared to healthy controls among different occupational categories and job-related variables were estimated using log-binomial regression analyses. Statistical models were adjusted for important sociodemographic features such as age, BMI, ethnicity, education and neuroticism. To better highlight specific differences between men and women we stratified by sex. Results We detected a differential prevalence pattern of migraine in relation to different job categories between men and women. Especially in men, migraine appears to be more prevalent in highly physically demanding occupations (PR 1.38, 95% CI [0.93, 2.04]). Furthermore, migraine is also more prevalent in jobs that frequently involve shift or night shift work compared to healthy controls. Interestingly, this prevalence is especially high in women (shift work PR 1.45, 95% CI [1.14, 1.83], night shift work PR 1.46, 95% CI [0.93, 2.31]). Conclusion Our results show that migraine is genderdependently associated with physically demanding jobs and shift working.

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  • 38.
    Agersten, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Invandrarkvinnors hälsa och arbtesmarknad: - En kvantitativ studie i Kristianstads och Klippans kommuner2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: Sverige är idag ett mångkulturellt land och andelen utrikes födda i befolkningen har sedan början av 1900-talet ökat från mindre än en procent till ca 15 % och det ger en andel av utrikesfödda i Sverige på ca 1,4 miljoner. Det är av stor vikt att personer i yrkesverksam ålder som invandrar till Sverige lyckas etablera sig på den svenska arbetsmarknaden, då detta skulle ha positiva effekter för ekonomin.  

    Syfte: Syftet med undersökningen var att studera invandrarkvinnors hälsa och deras förväntningar på etableringen på arbetsmarknaden.

    Metod: Undersökningen var en kvantitativ undersökning och data samlades in genom enkäter. Deltagarna kom från SFI i Kristianstads kommun och Svenska som andra språk i Klippans kommun. Enkäterna utformades med 18 frågor inom tre olika kategorier: bakgrund, hälsa och arbetsmarknad och sysselsättning.

    Resultat: Totalt blev 35 enkäter ifyllda av kvinnor från två grupper, utom europeiska och europeiska. Över hälften av kvinnorna i undersökningen hade en akademisk utbildning i sitt hemland och 60 % hade varit yrkesverksamma i hemlandet. Över hälften av kvinnorna trodde sig kunna försörja sig själva inom 5 år. Knappt 70 % av de tillfrågade led inte av någon långvarig sjukdom och drygt 10 % led av flertalet av de efterfrågade sjukdomarna. Hälften av kvinnorna ansåg sitt allmänna hälsotillstånd vara ganska bra. Kvinnornas BMI låg för 50 % på normal och för 50 % på övervikt eller fetma.

    Diskussion: När det gäller den sociala positionen och kvinnorna visade denna rapport att närmare hälften tror sig vara självförsörjande om fem år. Av kvinnorna som deltog i studien har närmare eller över hälften svarat mycket viktigt på de olika faktorerna som ses som viktigt med ett arbete. Detta tyder på att de har insikt i den sociala funktionen av ett arbete och dess vikt för det egna välbefinnandet. Trots att kvinnorna anser sig ha fått ganska mycket information om hur kost och motion påverkar hälsan är det få som tror att deras levnadsvanor påverkar deras hälsa i framtiden.

    Slutsats: Denna undersökning visar att trots att kvinnorna skattar sig egen hälsa bra behövs ett arbete med invandrarkvinnors hälsa. Insatser i form av hälsoarbete på olika nivåer som en del av introduktionstiden skulle kunna bidra till att kvinnorna mår bättre, snabbare hittar motivation och blir mer förstående över sin egen position, sitt värde och sin betydelse för samhället.

  • 39. Agnarson, Abela Mpobela
    et al.
    Strömdahl, Susanne
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Infektionsmedicin.
    Levira, Francis
    Masanja, Honorati
    Thorson, Anna Ekéus
    Female-Driven Multiple Concurrent Sexual Partnership Systems in a Rural Part of a Southern Tanzanian Province.2015Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, nr 12, s. e0145297-, artikel-id e0145297Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Multiple concurrent sexual relationships are one of the major challenges to HIV prevention in Tanzania. This study aims to explore sexual behaviour patterns including the practice of multiple concurrent sexual partnerships in a rural Tanzanian setting.

    METHODS: This qualitative study used focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with men and women from the community as well as ethnographic participant observations. The data was collected during 16 months of fieldwork in 2007, 2008, and 2009. The focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were transcribed verbatim and translated into English. The data was analysed through the process of latent content analysis. An open coding coding process was applied to create categories and assign themes.

    FINDINGS: Mafiga matatu was an expression used in this society to describe women's multiple concurrent sexual partners, usually three partners, which was described as a way to ensure social and financial security for their families as well as to achieve sexual pleasure. Adolescent initiation ceremonies initiated and conducted by grand mothers taught young women why and how to engage successfully in multiple concurrent sexual relationships. Some men expressed support for their female partners to behave according to mafiga matatu, while other men were hesitant around this behaviour. Our findings indicate that having multiple concurrent sexual partners is common and a normative behaviour in this setting. Economical factors and sexual pleasure were identified as drivers and viewed as legitimate reason for women to have multiple concurrent sexual partnerships.

    CONCLUSIONS: Structural changes improving women's financial opportunities and increasing gender equality will be important to enable women to not depend on multiple concurrent sexual partnerships for financial security. Future research should explore how normative sexual behaviour changes as these structural changes take place.

  • 40.
    Agumeneitwe, Herbert
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    A cross-sectional study examining the association between maternal education and childhood (12-23 months) immunization in Uganda2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Complete childhood Immunization remains the most effective way for prevention of Vaccine Preventable Diseases. The 2016 Uganda Demography Health Survey (UDHS) reported that only 55% of children aged 12-23 months had been fully vaccinated. The relationship between maternal education and childhood immunization among Ugandan children remains unclear with most of the studies done being limited in scope.

    Objective: To investigate the association between maternal education and childhood immunization in Uganda.

    Methods: This study was based on analysis of data from the UDHS. The study included 2815 children aged 12 – 23 months. Permission and data to conduct the analyses was sought from the DHS Program website. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to assess association between the maternal education and full immunization. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were reported. A p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

    Results: Association between maternal education and childhood immunization was statistically significant (Primary Education - OR = 0.50 95%CI: 0.32 - 0.77, P value = 0.002 and Secondary Education – OR = 0.62 95%CI: 0.39 – 0.97, P value = 0.038). ANC visits, possession of a Child Health Card also had a strong effect on Childhood Immunization.

    Conclusion: Lower maternal education is associated with reduced completion of childhood immunization. To promote childhood immunization Parents with education lower than Secondary School should be targeted and the usefulness of ANC visits should be emphasized.

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    AGUMENEITWE RESEARCH
  • 41.
    Ahl, Lina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lyckas eller misslyckas?: Influencers budskap om livsstilsrelaterad hälsa2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälsokommunikation har flera etiska utmaningar. Det uttrycks ofta att hälsa är individens eget ansvar. Så kallad ”hälsoism” och kroppens form som bevis på hälsa är något som reproduceras i media. Idag är det väldigt vanligt att använda olika sociala medier, bland annat för att söka efter information om hälsa. Därför var syftet med den här studien att undersöka hur livsstilsrelaterad hälsa presenteras genom inflytelserika influencers via Instagram, vilket är en av de mest populära plattformarna av social media. Med hjälp av element av utförande och performativitet som teoretiskt ramverk användes multimodalanalys och fonetisk iterativ metod på 84 inlägg från 11 konton som benämnde sig själva som hälsokonton. Resultatet gav fyra kategorier: Goda effekter, ”Strong is the new skinny”, Självpresenterande och Mottagare. Slutsatsen är att god hälsa anses innebära att man bör hålla en balanserad kost och vara disciplinerad. Muskulösa kroppar har ett högt värde och mottagare positioneras att ta ansvar för att nå ideal för hälsa. Förekomsten av hälsoism är närvarande även i denna form av media, om än vissa omförhandlande av hälsa som super-värde kontra livskvalité förekommit. 

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    fulltext
  • 42.
    Ahlberg, Beth Maina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Skaraborg Inst Res & Dev, Skövde, Sweden..
    Bradby, Hannah
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ethnic, racial and regional inequalities in access to COVID-19 vaccine, testing and hospitalization: Implications for eradication of the pandemic2022Ingår i: Frontiers in Sociology, E-ISSN 2297-7775, Vol. 7, artikel-id 809090Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has made visible inequalities as exemplified by unequal access to COVID-19 vaccine across and within countries; inequalities that are also apparent in rates of testing, disease, hospitalization and death from COVID-19 along class, ethnic and racial lines. For a global pandemic such as the COVID-19 to be effectively addressed, there is a need to reflect on the entrenched and structural inequalities within and between countries. While many countries in the global north have acquired more vaccines than they may need, in the global south many have very limited access. While countries in the global north had largely vaccinated their populations by 2022, those in the global south may not even complete vaccinating 70% of their population to enable them reach the so-called herd immunity by 2024. Even in the global north where vaccines are available, ethnic, racialized and poor working classes are disproportionately affected in terms of disproportionately low rates of infection and death. This paper explores the socio-economic and political structural factors that have created and maintain these disparities. In particular we sketch the role of neoliberal developments in deregulating and financializing the system, vaccine hoarding, patent protection and how this contributes to maintaining and widening disparities in access to COVID-19 vaccine and medication.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 43.
    Ahlberg, Beth Maina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa. Skaraborg Inst Res & Dev, Skovde, Sweden.
    Maina, Faith
    Department of Curriculum Studies and Teacher Education, Texas Tech University, USA.
    Kubai, Anne
    Khamasi, Wanjiku
    Dedan Kimathi University of Technology, Nyeri, Kenya.
    Ekman, Marianne
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lundqvist-Persson, Cristina
    Skaraborg Institute for Research and Development, Skövde, Sweden;Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Psychol, Lund, Sweden.
    ‘"A child, a tree": Challenges in building collaborative relations in a community research project in a Kenyan context2016Ingår i: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 257-275Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights the potential for basing participatory action research on priorities identified by communities. The case builds on a research project by the Social Science Medicine Africa Network (Soma-net) focusing on AIDS prevention among school youth in Kajiado in Kenya during 2003-2006. It became clear from that study just how complex it is to promote open communication on issues of sexuality considered critical for sexual health promotion. Towards the end of that study a spin-off in the form of a concept a child, a tree or tree planting evolved and the research thereafter continued as a partnership between the school community and the researchers. The focus then was on understanding how health promotion could be integrated into other aspects of community life. The concept and tree planting when implemented created a sense of ownership among the pupils largely because they were placed at the centre of the development activities. The story illuminates the nature of change developing in the course of the project, but also the challenges and complexity of creating and maintaining collaborative relations in the face of cultural and gender power dynamics and interventions imposed from outside the community.

  • 44.
    Ahlskog, Rafael
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Är Leviathan giftig?: Autonomi och repression som förklaringar till regimskillnader i förväntad livslängd2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade a number of studies have been published that investigate how the most fundamental aspect of political organization, the regime type, affects population health. The results unanimously show that citizens of democracies live longer and healthier lives than citizens of non-democracies. Many explanations for this have been suggested, among these are that democracies redistribute more and invest more in salutogenic resources, and that the tendency of dictatorships to control the media negatively affects the ability to spread information crucial to public health. When these mechanisms are controlled for, however, it turns out that democracy has a large residual correlation with for example life expectancy, which suggests that other mechanisms are also involved.

    In this paper two new mechanisms regarding the possible psychosocially mediated health effects of the regime type are investigated, namely political repression, and the possible negative effects this might have on the levels of chronic stress, and autonomy, which connects to a large previous literature in social epidemiology. In the paper an ecological cross-country design is used and country-level data, provided mainly by the World Bank and Freedom House, is analyzed with a simple multiple OLS-regression model. The results show that that all residual correlation is captured by autonomy, while there is no evidence for political repression as a mediating factor. This could suggest that the feeling of personal autonomy that democracies can fulfill is an equally important factor to take into account as distribution of resources and access to information.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Ahlskog, Rafael
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Är Leviathan giftig?: Autonomi och repression som förklaringar till regimskillnader i förväntad livslängd2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det senaste decenniet har en rad studier publicerats som undersöker hur ett lands mest fundamentala politiska organisationssätt, regimtypen, påverkar befolkningens hälsa. Resultaten pekar entydigt på att invånare i demokratier lever längre och friskare liv än invånare i icke-demokratier. Flera förklaringar till detta har förts fram, bland annat att demokratier omfördelar mer och är bättre på att investera i hälsofrämjande resurser, och att diktaturers tendens att kontrollera media går ut över förmågan att sprida hälsofrämjande information. När dessa mekanismer kontrolleras för visar det sig dock att demokrati har en stor kvarvarande samvariation med exempelvis medellivslängden, vilket talar för att andra mekanismer också är inblandade.I denna uppsats undersöks två ytterligare mekanismer som berör de eventuella psykosocialt medierade hälsoeffekter som regimtypen kan ha, nämligen via politisk repression, och de negativa effekter på kronisk stress detta kan tänkas ha, samt autonomi, vilket ansluter till en omfattande tidigare socialepidemiologisk litteratur. I uppsatsen används en ekologisk tvärsnittsdesign och landnivådata, huvudsakligen från Världsbanken och Freedom House, analyseras med enkel multipel OLS-regression. Resultaten visar att all kvarvarande samvariation fångas upp av faktorn autonomi, medan politisk repression inte får något stöd som medierande faktor. Detta kan tyda på att den känsla av personlig autonomi som demokratier kan tillgodose är en minst lika viktig faktor att ta i beaktande som fördelning av resurser och tillgång till information.

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    fulltext
  • 46.
    Ahlström, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård. Falun Cent Hosp, Ctr Clin Res Dalarna, Reg Dalarna, Nissers V6g 3, S-79182 Falun, Sweden..
    Frithiof, Robert
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Larsson, Ing-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Strandberg, Gunnar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Lipcsey, Miklós
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård, Hedenstiernalaboratoriet.
    Hultström, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk cellbiologi, Integrativ Fysiologi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    A comparison of impact of comorbidities and demographics on 60-day mortality in ICU patients with COVID-19, sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome2022Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 12, artikel-id 15703Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with several pre-existing comorbidities and demographic factors. Similar factors are linked to critical sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We hypothesized that age and comorbidities are more generically linked to critical illness mortality than a specific disease state. We used national databases to identify ICU patients and to retrieve comorbidities. The relative importance of risk factors for 60-day mortality was evaluated using the interaction with disease group (Sepsis, ARDS or COVID-19) in logistic regression models. We included 32,501 adult ICU patients. In the model on 60-day mortality in sepsis and COVID-19 there were significant interactions with disease group for age, sex and asthma. In the model on 60-day mortality in ARDS and COVID-19 significant interactions with cohort were found for acute disease severity, age and chronic renal failure. In conclusion, age and sex play particular roles in COVID-19 mortality during intensive care but the burden of comorbidity was similar between sepsis and COVID-19 and ARDS and COVID-19.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 47.
    Ahmad, Abeer Salah
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Development Assistance for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR): Descriptive analysis of disbursements by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) for 2010-2018 using a developed tracking model2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: After 25 years from the International Conference on Population and Development in Beijing, women and adolescents around the world are still not able to access Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) services. Investing in development assistance is viewed as a way of improving access to SRHR and attaining the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. However, there is limited knowledge of how aid is disbursed, and there is a lack of well-defined SRHR categories that can guide aid interventions.

    Aim: To contribute to the understanding of SRHR disbursements of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) through developing a comprehensive SRHR aid tracking model. 

    Methods: A model that categorises SRHR was developed (The Intervention Comprehensive SRHR Intervention Tracker “ICIT”). Then, Sida’s disbursements for 2010-2018 were analysed and categorised using the ICIT model and Guttmacher Essential Package of Intervention (GEPI).

    Result: SRHR disbursements have been increasing reaching to MSEK 1603 in 2018. Disbursements to sexual health-related infectious diseases have been dramatically decreasing while disbursements allocated to combat gender-based violence are increasing. However,  SRHR-related non-communicable diseases were the least targeted. Finally, the ICIT model included categories that were missing in GEPI.

    Conclusion: Sida’s disbursements have covered a wide variety of SRHR services; however, further research is recommended to study the least funded areas. Also, the study highlighted the need to improve SRHR aid reporting. The ICIT model analysed SRHR fund in a more comprehensive approach than GEPI; however, its limitations need further validation which might guide future tracking models.

  • 48.
    Ahmad, Irma
    et al.
    Örebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Dept Infect Dis, Örebro, Sweden..
    Edin, Alicia
    Umeå Univ, Dept Surg & Perioperat Sci, Umeå, Sweden..
    Granvik, Christoffer
    Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Microbiol, Umeå, Sweden..
    Persson, Lowa Kumm
    Umeå Univ, Dept Surg & Perioperat Sci, Umeå, Sweden..
    Tevell, Staffan
    Karlstad Hosp, Dept Infect Dis, Karlstad, Sweden.;Ctr Clin Res & Educ, Karlstad, Sweden.;Örebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Sch Med Sci, Örebro, Sweden..
    Månsson, Emeli
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Västerås.
    Magnuson, Anders
    Örebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Ctr Clin Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Med Sci, Örebro, Sweden..
    Marklund, Ingela
    Ctr Clin Res & Educ, Karlstad, Sweden.;Umeå Univ, Dept Community Med & Rehabil, Umeå, Sweden..
    Persson, Ida-Lisa
    Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Microbiol, Umeå, Sweden..
    Kauppi, Anna
    Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Microbiol, Umeå, Sweden..
    Ahlm, Clas
    Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Microbiol, Umeå, Sweden..
    Forsell, Mattias N. E.
    Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Microbiol, Umeå, Sweden..
    Sundh, Josefin
    Örebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Dept Resp Med, Örebro, Sweden..
    Lange, Anna
    Örebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Dept Infect Dis, Örebro, Sweden..
    Cajander, Sara
    Örebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Dept Infect Dis, Örebro, Sweden..
    Normark, Johan
    Umeå Univ, Dept Clin Microbiol, Umeå, Sweden..
    High prevalence of persistent symptoms and reduced health-related quality of life 6 months after COVID-192023Ingår i: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 11, artikel-id 1104267Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundThe long-term sequelae after COVID-19 constitute a challenge to public health and increased knowledge is needed. We investigated the prevalence of self-reported persistent symptoms and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in relation to functional exercise capacity, 6 months after infection, and explored risk factors for COVID-19 sequalae. MethodsThis was a prospective, multicenter, cohort study including 434 patients. At 6 months, physical exercise capacity was assessed by a 1-minute sit-to-stand test (1MSTST) and persistent symptoms were reported and HRQoL was evaluated through the EuroQol 5-level 5-dimension (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire. Patients with both persistent symptoms and reduced HRQoL were classified into a new definition of post-acute COVID syndrome, PACS+. Risk factors for developing persistent symptoms, reduced HRQoL and PACS+ were identified by multivariable Poisson regression. ResultsPersistent symptoms were experienced by 79% of hospitalized, and 59% of non-hospitalized patients at 6 months. Hospitalized patients had a higher prevalence of self-assessed reduced overall health (28 vs. 12%) and PACS+ (31 vs. 11%). PACS+ was associated with reduced exercise capacity but not with abnormal pulse/desaturation during 1MSTST. Hospitalization was the most important independent risk factor for developing persistent symptoms, reduced overall health and PACS+. ConclusionPersistent symptoms and reduced HRQoL are common among COVID-19 survivors, but abnormal pulse and peripheral saturation during exercise could not distinguish patients with PACS+. Patients with severe infection requiring hospitalization were more likely to develop PACS+, hence these patients should be prioritized for clinical follow-up after COVID-19.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 49.
    Ahmad, Shafqat
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Harvard Medical School; Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
    Demler, O. V.
    Sun, Q.
    Moorthy, M. V.
    Li, C.
    Lee, I.-M.
    Ridker, P. M.
    Manson, J. E.
    Hu, F. B.
    Fall, Tove
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi.
    Chasman, D. I.
    Cheng, S.
    Pradhan, A.
    Mora, S.
    Association of the Mediterranean Diet With Onset of Diabetes in the Women’s Health Study2020Ingår i: JAMA Network Open, E-ISSN 2574-3805, Vol. 3, nr 11, artikel-id e2025466Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Importance  Higher Mediterranean diet (MED) intake has been associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, but underlying biological mechanisms are unclear.

    Objective  To characterize the relative contribution of conventional and novel biomarkers in MED-associated type 2 diabetes risk reduction in a US population.

    Design, Setting, and Participants  This cohort study was conducted among 25 317 apparently healthy women. The participants with missing information regarding all traditional and novel metabolic biomarkers or those with baseline diabetes were excluded. Participants were invited for baseline assessment between September 1992 and May 1995. Data were collected from November 1992 to December 2017 and analyzed from December 2018 to December 2019.

    Exposures  MED intake score (range, 0 to 9) was computed from self-reported dietary intake, representing adherence to Mediterranean diet intake.

    Main Outcomes and Measures  Incident cases of type 2 diabetes, identified through annual questionnaires; reported cases were confirmed by either telephone interview or supplemental questionnaire. Proportion of reduced risk of type 2 diabetes explained by clinical risk factors and a panel of 40 biomarkers that represent different physiological pathways was estimated.

    Results  The mean (SD) age of the 25 317 female participants was 52.9 (9.9) years, and they were followed up for a mean (SD) of 19.8 (5.8) years. Higher baseline MED intake (score ≥6 vs ≤3) was associated with as much as a 30% lower type 2 diabetes risk (age-adjusted and energy-adjusted hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.62-0.79; when regression models were additionally adjusted with body mass index [BMI]: hazard ratio, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.76-0.96). Biomarkers of insulin resistance made the largest contribution to lower risk (accounting for 65.5% of the MED–type 2 diabetes association), followed by BMI (55.5%), high-density lipoprotein measures (53.0%), and inflammation (52.5%), with lesser contributions from branched-chain amino acids (34.5%), very low-density lipoprotein measures (32.0%), low-density lipoprotein measures (31.0%), blood pressure (29.0%), and apolipoproteins (23.5%), and minimal contribution (≤2%) from hemoglobin A1c. In post hoc subgroup analyses, the inverse association of MED diet with type 2 diabetes was seen only among women who had BMI of at least 25 at baseline but not those who had BMI of less than 25 (eg, women with BMI <25, age- and energy-adjusted HR for MED score ≥6 vs ≤3, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.77-1.33; P for trend = .92; women with BMI ≥25: HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.67-0.87; P for trend < .001).

    Conclusions and Relevance  In this cohort study, higher MED intake scores were associated with a 30% relative risk reduction in type 2 diabetes during a 20-year period, which could be explained in large part by biomarkers of insulin resistance, BMI, lipoprotein metabolism, and inflammation.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hard and Heavy Music: Can It Make a Difference in the Young Cancer Patients’ Life?2009Ingår i: Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, Vol. 9, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     The aim of the study on the basis of which this article is written was to examine, from the patients’ perspective, the role music plays as a coping method when facing cancer. Here, using music as a coping method refers to using music (listening to and/or playing music individually or participating in a music therapy program) frequently in order to deal with the significant demands presented by cancer. A semi-structured interview with 17 cancer patients who have used music (listened to or played music) in order to cope with their illness was applied. Five of interviewees were men and twelve women. The youngest informant was 24 and the oldest 73 years old. In the paper presented in this conference I will discuss the result of my study concerning the effects of hard and heavy music in coping with cancer. The result of study shows that hard and heavy music as a coping method:

    - by calling in question the cultural demands of having control over their feelings, helps the young cancer patients to obtain their control,

    - by questioning what are conventionally defined as meaning of life, helps the young cancer patients to find a meaning,

    - by calling in question  the cultural requests of being calm and collected helps the young cancer patients to get their tranquility,  

    - by cheering unhealthy behaviors like using drug and having violent sex helps the young cancer patients to recover their mental health.

    All this due to the possibility the heavy and hard music provides for the young cancer patients to get self-confidence by putting away the false mask one wear and be who she/he really is.

    The aim of the study on the basis of which this article is written was to examine, from the patients’ perspective, the role music plays as a coping method when facing cancer. Here, using music as a coping method refers to using music (listening to and/or playing music individually or participating in a music therapy program) frequently in order to deal with the significant demands presented by cancer. A semi-structured interview with 17 cancer patients who have used music (listened to or played music) in order to cope with their illness was applied. Five of interviewees were men and twelve women. The youngest informant was 24 and the oldest 73 years old. In the paper presented in this conference I will discuss the result of my study concerning the effects of hard and heavy music in coping with cancer. The result of study shows that hard and heavy music as a coping method:

    - by calling in question the cultural demands of having control over their feelings, helps the young cancer patients to obtain their control,

    - by questioning what are conventionally defined as meaning of life, helps the young cancer patients to find a meaning,

    - by calling in question  the cultural requests of being calm and collected helps the young cancer patients to get their tranquility,  

    - by cheering unhealthy behaviors like using drug and having violent sex helps the young cancer patients to recover their mental health.

    All this due to the possibility the heavy and hard music provides for the young cancer patients to get self-confidence by putting away the false mask one wear and be who she/he really is.

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