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  • 1.
    Abou-soultan, Norhan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology, Centre for Social Work - CESAR.
    Andersson, Irene
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology, Centre for Social Work - CESAR.
    Ensamkommande barn och psykisk ohälsa: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetarens upplevelser av arbetet med ensamkommande barn med psykisk ohälsa efter flyktingströmmen 20152018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Lillemor
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Matvanor och behov under livscykeln1999In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB Stockholm , 1999, p. 289-316Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Lillemor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Principles of nutritional assessment2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Food and Nutrition, ISSN 1748-2976, E-ISSN 1748-2984, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 177-177Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Abrahamsson, Lillemor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences. kost.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences. Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Becker, Wulf
    Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Nilsson, Gerd
    Näringslära för högskolan2006Book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 5.
    Abrahamsson, Lillemor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Ekblad, Jenny
    Behov under livscykeln och varianter av kost2006In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB, Stockholm , 2006, p. 356-393Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Lillemor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Löf, Marie
    Proteiner2006In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB, Stockholm , 2006, p. 131-165Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 7.
    Adolfsson, Päivi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Mattsson Sydner, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Fjellström, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Lewin, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Observed dietary intake in adults with intellectual disability living in the community2008In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, Vol. 52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Knowledge is lacking about dietary habits among people with intellectual disability (ID) living in community residences under new living conditions.

    Objective: To describe the dietary habits of individuals with ID living in community residences, focusing on intake of food, energy and nutrients as well as meal patterns.

    Design: Assisted food records and physical activity records over a 3-day observation period for 32 subjects.

    Results: Great variation was observed in daily energy intake (4.9-14 MJ) dispersed across several meals, with on average 26% of the energy coming from in-between-meal consumption. Main energy sources were milk products, bread, meat products, buns and cakes. The daily intake of fruit and vegetables (320_221 g) as well as dietary fiber (21_99.6 g) was generally low. For four vitamins and two minerals, 19-34% of subjects showed an intake below average requirement (AR). The physical activity level (PAL) was low for all individuals (1.4_0.1).

    Conclusion: A regular meal pattern with a relatively high proportion of energy from in-between-meal eating occasions and a low intake of especially fruits were typical of this group of people with ID. However, the total intake of energy and other food items varied a great deal between individuals. Thus, every adult with ID has to be treated as an individual with specific needs. A need for more knowledge about food in general and particularly how fruit and vegetables could be included in cooking as well as encouraged to be eaten as inbetween-meals seems imperative in the new living conditions for adults with ID.

  • 8. Adomas, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Heller, Gregory
    Olson, Åke
    Osborne, Jason
    Karlsson, Magnus
    Nahalkova, Jarmila
    Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences P.O. Box 7026, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Van Zyl, Len
    Sederoff, Ron
    Stenlid, Jan
    Finlay, Roger
    Asiegbu, Frederick O.
    Comparative analysis of transcript abundance in Pinus sylvestris after challenge with a saprotrophic, pathogenic or mutualistic fungus2008In: Tree Physiology, ISSN 0829-318X, E-ISSN 1758-4469, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 885-897Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To investigate functional differences in the recognition and response mechanisms of conifer roots to fungi with different trophic strategies, Pinus sylvestris L. was challenged with a saprotrophic fungus Trichoderma aureoviride Rifai. The results were compared with separate studies investigating pine interactions with a pathogen, Heterobasidion annosum (Fr.) Bref. sensu stricto and an ectomycorrhizal symbiont, Laccaria bicolor Maire (Orton). Global changes in the expression of 2109 conifer genes were assayed 1, 5 and 15 days after inoculation. Gene expression data from a cDNA microarray were analyzed by the 2-interconnected mixed linear model statistical approach. The total number of genes differentially expressed compared with the uninfected control was similar after challenge with the pathogen and the ectomycorrhizal symbiont, but the number of differentially expressed genes increased over time, for H. annosum, and decreased for L. bicolor. Inoculation of pine roots with T aureoviride resulted overall in a much lower number of genes with changed transcript levels compared with inoculation with H. annosum or L. bicolor. Functional classification of the differentially expressed genes revealed that the ectomycorrhizal fungus triggered transient induction of defence-related genes. The response and induction of defence against the pathogen was delayed and the magnitude increased over time. Thus, there were specific transcriptional responses depending on whether the conifer roots were challenged with mutualistic, saprotrophic or pathogenic fungi. This suggests that pine trees are able to recognize diverse fungal species and specifically distinguish whether they are pathogenic, neutral or beneficial microbial agents.

  • 9.
    Ahlgren, Kerstin, M.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Wilbe, Maria
    Sundberg, Katarina
    Eloranta, Maija-Leena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin
    Andersson, Göran
    Lobell, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Hansson-Hamlin, Helene
    Kämpe, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Type I Interferon signature in Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever dogs with steroid responsive meningitis-arteritisManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Dogs of the breed Nova Scotia duck tolling retriever (NSDTR) are prone to develop a disease complex in some aspects resembling human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from human SLE patients have an increased mRNA expression type I interferon (IFN) regulated genes. However, it is unknown whether diseased dogs also display the typical type I IFN signature.

    Methods: To test canine sera for their capacity to induce type I IFN response Mardin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were cultured with sera from healthy dogs (n=25),  immune-mediated rheumatic disease (IMRD) dogs with anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA+) (n=30) or dogs with steroid responsive meningitis-arteritis (SRMA) (n=25). mRNA expression of the genes MX1, IFIT1 and CXCL10 was measured by quantitative Real Time PCR.

    Results: A highly significant (p=0.0009) increase in mRNA expression of the type I IFN responsive gene MX1 was detected in cells stimulated by sera from dogs with SRMA, but not from IMRD ANA+ dogs. Expression of IFIT1 was twice as high in cells stimulated by sera from dogs with SRMA compared to both healthy dogs and ANA+ dogs. The mean expression of CXCL10 was nearly ten times higher in cells stimulated by sera from SRMA dogs than by ANA+ dogs and four times higher compared to cells stimulated by control dogs.

    Conclusion: Presence of type I IFN in sera from diseased NSDTR dogs was found in this study. This implies that this canine model can be used for identification of pathways of importance for autoimmune disorders in humans and for testing of novel therapeutic approaches. Our results can also be a step on the way towards personalized drugs in these dogs.

  • 10. Ahsan, Murshidul
    et al.
    Hasan, Badrul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Medicine.
    Algotsson, Magnus
    Sarenbo, Sirkku
    Handling and Welfare of Bovine Livestock at Local Abattoirs in Bangladesh2014In: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, ISSN 1088-8705, E-ISSN 1532-7604, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 340-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) allows rope casting and the tying of legs for nonhuman animals laughter without stunning. The handling and welfare of bovine livestock (Bosindicus and Bubalus bubalis) were studied in 8 local abattoirs in 5 districts of Bangladesh. A total of 302 animals were evaluated. At the local abattoirs, approximately 1/3 of the cattle and water buffalo were eithere maciated orinjured/sick. The size and vigor of the animals determined the casting method. Small and weak animals were cast on concrete floors by lifting a foreleg followed by pushing, or simply by twisting the head of the animal and then binding the legs with rope. Vigorous animals such as buffalo were castusing ropes and human force. Bleeding was slow and flaying was sometimes initiated before the animals were unconscious. Pulling and tearing of the trachea and pouring of water into the exposed trache a shortly after cutting were also observed in some cases.The over all animal handling was unnecessarily rough and he OIE standards were not implemented. Animals are subjected to considerable mistreatment, and there is an urgent need for the training nde ducation of the staff in a battoirs concerning humanes laughtering practices as well as a need to build moderns laughtering plants in Bangladesh.

  • 11.
    Airey, Sam
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Krause, Torsten
    Lund Univ, Ctr Sustainabil Studies, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    "Georgetown ain't got a tree. We got the trees"-Amerindian Power & Participation in Guyana's Low Carbon Development Strategy2017In: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 8, no 3, article id 51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International bi-lateral agreements to support the conservation of rainforests to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are growing in prevalence. In 2009, the governments of Guyana and Norway established Guyana's Low Carbon Development Strategy (LCDS). We examine the extent to which the participation and inclusion of Guyana's indigenous population within the LCDS is being achieved. We conducted a single site case study, focussing on the experiences and perceptions from the Amerindian community of Chenapou. Based on 30 interviews, we find that a deficit of adequate dialogue and consultation has occurred in the six years since the LCDS was established. Moreover, key indigenous rights, inscribed at both a national and international level, have not been upheld with respect to the community of Chenapou. Our findings identify consistent shortcomings to achieve genuine participation and the distinct and reinforced marginalisation of Amerindian communities within the LCDS. A further critique is the failure of the government to act on previous research, indicating a weakness of not including indigenous groups in the Guyana-Norway bi-lateral agreement. We conclude that, if the government is to uphold the rights of Amerindian communities in Guyana, significant adjustments are needed. A more contextualised governance, decentralising power and offering genuine participation and inclusion, is required to support the engagement of marginal forest-dependent communities in the management of their natural resources.

  • 12.
    Alakukku, Laura
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    28 Soil Compaction2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 217-221Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Albihn, Ann
    et al.
    National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Hans
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    O’Hara Ruiz, Marilyn
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    38. Preparing for Climate Change2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 311-328Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Albihn, Ann
    et al.
    National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Karin
    National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ottoson, Jakob
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Vinnerås, Björn
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    17 Sanitation Treatment Reduces the Biosecurity Risk when Recycling Manure and Biowaste2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 136-141Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Alexandrov, Igor
    et al.
    Novgorod State University.
    Petrova, Ludmila
    Novgorod State Unified Museum.
    Druzhinin, Vladimir
    Kaucia, Tatyana
    8. Protecting the past of historical Veliky Novgorod2003In: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 60-67Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Veliky Novgorod, the most ancient city in Russia with a history going back to 859, poses special urban planning and development problems. In the article the legal steps taken to protect the cultural layers in the city are described. The resulting restrictions come into conflict with the tasks of the complex planning of this part of the city, which presupposes reconstruction of the historical city environment. As an example, the work with the Nikolo-Dvirishchensky cathedral is described.

  • 16.
    Algers, Bo
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    45 Contemporary Issues in Farm Animal Housing and Management: Swine2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 329-337Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Almqvist, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Drömmen om det egna huset: Från bostadsförsörjning till livsprojekt2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish housing research has disproportionately concentrated on the study of apartment blocks and on how to create functioning neighbourhoods and neighbourliness, as part of a national housing policy that aimed at building apartment blocks for ordinary families. Yet at the same time, most Swedish families with children have been choosing to live in an owner occupied house. How can this paradox be explained

    The starting point for Swedish housing policy - and therefore for Swedish housing research - has consequently been to foster equality and social justice in and through housing and town planning. In part this has aimed at providing better housing for working class people. But it has also aimed at easing the burden of work in the home, and it has done so by providing rationally planned housing and neighbourhoods, as well as well-developed public transport and other collective facilities. Alva Myrdal was a leading light in working for gender equility and has been an important source of inspiration for this approach to housing and town planning. Yet at the same time as this focus on equality was being pursued there were also strong currents favouring an approach that built on the strengths of gender differences and in particularly a view of women as housewives and home-oriented experts.

    Yet why have so many families taken the opportunity and chosen to move to an owner occupied house? In order to explain this, the positivistic tradition of housing research is indaquate. It is necessary to turn to the hermeneutic tradition of research on the meaning and significance of housing in a social and cultural context to look for answers.

    The social and cultural context can in turn be related to developments and issues in modernity. I argue that the continuing appeal of the owner occupied house even when most women are in paid employment needs to be understood against a background of increasing intimisation. This in turn can be seen as a reaction against the built-in tendency towards the development of individualisation. When people become increasingly home-oriented and inward- looking, the home as part of their lives increases in significance. The home in our time has become a free zone and a love project and so the owner occupied house appears to provide a better type of housing than an apartment in a multi-family building. This goes for men as well as women, despite the risk that traditional gender roles in the household can thereby be strengthened.

  • 18.
    Alsterhag, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Förslag till modell av kemikaliespridning i mark anpassad för användning vid räddningsinsats - Kemspill Mark 4.02005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After emergencies involving chemical spills it is of great importance that correct measures are taken with short notice, both for the security of people and in order to minimize future environmental consequences. The RIB-unit at the Swedish Rescue Services Agency initiated this study, the aim of which is to propose changes to the existing chemical transport calculation tool: Chemical Spill 3.4, included in RIB - Integrated Decision Support for Civil Protection, so that it can be used for decision support as well as in preventive work. A rough estimation of chemical transport in the subsurface is considered being of great importance when making decisions during emergency response operations.

    The proposition presented in this report is a non site specific chemical transport model which is designed to give a rough estimation of NAPL flow in homogenous isotropic soil shortly after an instantaneous release. The model can be used at two levels; both in situations without access to information on subsurface properties, and with more accuracy in situations with knowledge of the included parameters. For that reason the user can choose among predefined alternatives or assign the parameters a numeric value to increase the quality of the model output. The predefined alternatives are represented by default values for different parameters in the model.

    Suggested model output are vertical and horizontal transport of NAPL phase, horizontal transport of dissolved chemical in the aqueous phase, as well as the amounts of spill that are evaporated and entrapped in the soil, all at the time specified by the user. Moreover the maximum transport of the chemical phase and time to groundwater pollution are given. To make the uncertainty of the model clear for the user the results are given as the most likely value together with the smallest and largest values that can be expected.

    Equations presented in this report describe a selection of subsurface processes which occur after a release of chemicals. The selection is made with the aim to reach satisfying result when the model is used within its domain without making the model complicated for the user. Therefore simplifying assumptions have been made in the descriptions of some processes while some other processes are neglected. Simplifications have been based on recognized references or on theoretical arguments, but the overall performance of the model as well as some of the default input parameters need to be further tested and validated before the new version of the model can be included in RIB. However, compared with the existing version Chemical Spill 3.4 several changes have been suggested; including additional processes, development of default values and making model uncertainty clear to the user. These changes are thought to significantly improve the existing model.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Glykemiskt index: ett osäkert verktyg för idrottaren2009In: Nordisk nutrition, ISSN 1654-8337, no 4, p. 21-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Idrottsnutrition2006In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB, Stockholm , 2006, p. 394-423Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Kan vi räkna med fullkorn - i maten och i blodet?2009In: Dietistaktuellt, ISSN 1102-9285, no 3, p. 15-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22. Andersson, Agneta
    Kan vi räkna med fullkorn - maten och i blodet?2009In: Dietistaktuellt, Vol. XiX, no 3, p. 15-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Modedieter: till vilken nytta?2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Andersson, Agneta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Göranzon, Helen
    Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Energi- och metabolism2006In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB, Stockholm , 2006, p. 166-193Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 25.
    Andersson, Agneta
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Karlström, Brita
    Mohsen, Rawya
    Vessby, Bengt
    Cholesterol-lowering effects of stanol ester-containing low-fat margarine used in conjunction with a strict lipid-lowering diet.1999In: European Heart Journal,Supplements 1,1999; Supplements S80 - S90, Vol. 1, p. 80-90Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Andersson, Agneta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences. Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Gerd
    Aschan-Åberg, Karin
    Kroppens uppbyggnad och hantering av näringsämnen2006In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB, Stockholm , 2006, p. 58-76Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 27.
    Andersson, Agneta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Tengblad, Siv
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Karlström, Brita
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Kamal-Edin, Afaf
    Landberg, Rikard
    Åman, Per
    Vessby, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Oförändrad insulinkänslighet och lipidperoxidation efter ökat intag av fullkornsprodukter hos friska män och kvinnor.2006In: Livsmedelsforskardagarna, 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Flertalet epidemilogiska studier har visat positiva hälsoeffekter av ett högt intag av fullkornsprodukter. Framförallt är en minska risk för hjärtinfarkt/sjukdom visad, och data

    talar även för en minskad risk för typ 2 diabetes. Mekanismerna bakom fullkornets positiva effekter är dock fortfarande oklara. Såväl en förbättrad insulinkänslighet som en minskad förekomst av lipidperoxidation och inflammation har föreslagits, vilket vi därför önskade undersöka i denna studie.

    I en randomiserad cross-over design deltog 30 lätt överviktiga (BMI 282) kvinnor (n=22) och män (n=8). Under två på varandra följande 6 veckors perioder fick deltagarna antingen cerealieprodukter med fullkorn eller utan fullkorn. En standardiserad mängd (3 skivor mjukt bröd, 2 skivor hårt bröd, 1 portion musli/gryn och 1 portion pasta/ris) inkluderades dagligen i deras vanliga kost. Perifer insulinkänslighet mättes med euglykemisk hyperinsulinemisk clampteknik. Lipidperoxidationsmarkören 8-iso-PGF2 mättes i urin och inflammationsmarkörerna CRP och IL-6 mättes i plasma. Kostinterventionen monitorerades med hjälp av vägda kostregisteringar och dagboksnoteringar.

    Kostregistreringarna bekräftade ett högre intag av fiber och flertalet mineralämnen under fullkornsperioden jämfört med icke-fullkornsperioden. Vi fann dock ingen förbättring av insulinkänsligheten och inte heller någon förändring av lipidperoxidation eller inflammationsmarkörer.

    Att ersätta icke-fullkorns produkter med fullkorn under en 6 veckors period hos vuxna lätt överviktiga friska män och kvinnor gav således ingen mätbar effekt på vare sig insulinkänslighet, lipidperoxidation eller inflammationsmarkörer. Frågan om vilka mekanismerna som ligger bakom de positiva hälsoeffekterna av fullkornsprodukter kvarstår och längre koststudier på deltagare med varierande metaboltstatus behövs.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Agneta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Tengblad, Siv
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Karlström, Brita
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Kamal-Eldin, Afaf
    Landberg, Rickard
    Åman, Per
    Vessby, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ökat intag av fullkornsprodukter. Effekter på insulinkänslighet, lipidperoxidation och inflammationsmarkörer?2006In: Svenska Läkarsällskapets Riksstämma, 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Bakgrund: Flertalet epidemiologiska studier har visat positiva hälsoeffekter av ett högt intag av fullkornsprodukter. Framförallt är en minskad risk för hjärtinfarkt/sjukdom visad, men data talar även för en minskad risk för typ 2 diabetes. Mekanismerna bakom fullkornets positiva effekter är dock fortfarande oklara. Såväl en förbättrad insulinkänslighet som en minskad förekomst av lipidperoxidation och inflammation har föreslagits, vilket vi önskade undersöka i denna studie.

    Metod: I en randomiserad cross-over design deltog 30 lätt överviktiga (BMI 282) kvinnor (n=22) och män (n=8). Under två på varandra följande 6-veckors perioder fick deltagarna antingen cerealieprodukter med fullkorn eller utan fullkorn. En standardiserad mängd (3 skivor mjukt bröd, 2 skivor hårt bröd, 1 portion musli/gryn och 1 portion pasta/ris) inkluderades dagligen i deras vanliga kost. Perifer insulinkänslighet mättes med euglykemisk hyperinsulinemisk clampteknik. Lipidperoxidationsmarkören 8-iso-PGF2 mättes i urin och inflammationsmarkörerna CRP och IL-6 mättes i plasma. Kostinterventionen monitorerades med hjälp av vägda kostregisteringar och dagboksnoteringar.

    Resultat: Kostregistreringarna bekräftade ett högre intag av fiber och flertalet mineralämnen under fullkornsperioden jämfört med icke-fullkornsperioden. Vi fann dock ingen förbättring av insulinkänsligheten och inte heller någon förändring av lipidperoxidation eller inflammationsmarkörer.

    Sammanfattning: Att ersätta icke-fullkorns produkter med fullkorn under en 6-veckors period hos vuxna lätt överviktiga friska män och kvinnor gav ingen mätbar effekt på insulinkänslighet, lipidperoxidation eller inflammationsmarkörer. Frågan om vilka mekanismerna som ligger bakom de positiva hälsoeffekterna av fullkornsprodukter kvarstår och längre koststudier på deltagare med varierande metaboltstatus behövs.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Inger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Kolhydrater1999In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB Stockholm , 1999, p. 38-52Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 30.
    Andersson, Inger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Kostinformation1999In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB Stockholm , 1999, p. 332-339Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 31.
    Andersson, Inger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Kostplanering och bedömning1999In: Näringslära för högskolan, Liber AB Stockholm , 1999, p. 275-288Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Older Women and Food: Dietary Intake and Meals in Self-Managing and Disabled Swedish Females Living at Home2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present thesis was to study elderly self-managing and disabled women’s dietary intake and meals in relation to age, household structure (single-living or cohabitant), disability and cooking ability. The women were aged 64-88 years and living at home, in the mid-eastern part of Sweden. The self-managing women were randomly selected. The disabled women – suffering from Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke – were selected from patient records. A total of 139 self-managing and 63 disabled women participated. Two dietary assessment methods were used: a repeated 24-h recall and a three-day estimated food diary, providing dietary intake for five non-consecutive days. The results indicate that elderly women still living in their homes seem to manage a sufficient dietary intake despite disability and high age. The reported energy intakes in all groups of women were low, which might be explained by an actual low intake and/or under-reporting. The portion sizes seemed to be smaller in the highest age group, leading to lower intakes of some nutrients. Thus also the nutrient density of the food should be given greater consideration. The meal pattern was shown to be regular and the distribution of main meals and snacks was found to be satisfactory. Meals and snacks that were defined as such by the women themselves thus seem to be more significant from an energy and nutritional perspective. Perceived cooking ability co-varied with energy and nutrient intake as well as with meal pattern.

    Further, a qualitative dietary assessment method, FBCE, was analysed. It was concluded that it must be supplemented with a dietary assessment method providing energy intake figures to ensure a sufficient intake, especially when studying groups at risk for low energy intake.

    Furthermore, the aim was to perform a dropout analysis. When studying older women and food, a low participation rate might be expected since the most active, the very ill as well as the disabled tend to decline participation, but also since food is a gender issue. Food could, especially for women, be a sensitive area of discussion, even though older women seem to choose "healthy foods" and eat "proper meals".

    List of papers
    1. Food and nutrient intake in a group of self-managing elderly Swedish women
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Food and nutrient intake in a group of self-managing elderly Swedish women
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    2003 (English)In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 67-74Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: With the increasing numbers of elderly women living at home, there is an interest to investigate the dietary intake of this group.

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the food and nutrient intake in a group of self-managing elderly women in Sweden.

    DESIGN: A 3-day self-reported food diary and a repeated 24-h dietary recall were used. The study comprised 135 single-living or married/cohabiting women (mean age 79.5 8.0 years).

    RESULTS: Mean energy intake for the whole group was 6.8 1.9 MJ, and low energy figures were obtained in all age groups indicating some possible under-reporting with a calculated EIrep/BMRest of 1.24 0.36 for the whole group. Overall, energy and nutrient intake was similar in the different age groups (64-68 yrs, 74-78 yrs and 84-88 yrs). Reported intakes of vitamin D (4.8 2.7 mg), tocopherol (5.9 2.2 mg), iron (8.5 2.9 mg), folate (200 8.7 mg) and selenium (29 11 mg) were low compared to recommended intakes. Only minor differences between women in different household types were found. The women reported a variety of food items in their diet.

    CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the results from this study indicate that self-managing elderly women report low energy figures, but have a sufficient intake of most nutrients. However, there is a tendency that the oldest women, i.e. 84-88 yrs have lower intakes.

    National Category
    Social Sciences Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89943 (URN)12679824 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2002-09-12 Created: 2002-09-12 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved
    2. Five-day food intake in elderly female outpatients with Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Five-day food intake in elderly female outpatients with Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke
    Show others...
    2004 (English)In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 414-421Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyse the intake of food, energy and selected nutrients in elderly outpatients, i.e. women with Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke.

    SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

    Sixty-three elderly women aged 64-88 years participated in the study. For assessing dietary intake, a repeated 24-h recall and an estimated food diary for three consecutive days were used.

    RESULTS:

    The mean age was 73.4 +/- 6.6 years. Mean reported daily energy intake was 6.4 +/- 1.7 MJ, i.e. lower than reference figures for all groups. However, looking at nutrient density, only intakes of vitamin E and folate were below recommended levels. The most frequently consumed food groups were bread, coffee, milk products, buns and cookies, and spreads.

    CONCLUSION:

    The reported energy intake among the elderly female outpatients was low. This might be explained by actual low intake and/or under-reporting. However, the intake of most vitamins and minerals, i.e. nutrient density, was adequate, with the exception of vitamin E and folate intake, which was below recommended levels. Food intake showed large variation and good diet composition, and there was a tendency towards high consumption of food items that are easily prepared and eaten.

    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89989 (URN)15359362 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2002-10-03 Created: 2002-10-03 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved
    3. Meals and snacks among elderly self-managing and disabled women
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meals and snacks among elderly self-managing and disabled women
    Show others...
    2003 (English)In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 149-160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency and distribution of self-managing and disabled elderly women's eating events, as well as to investigate which definition/names the women had given their different eating events and to categorise these into meals and snacks. An additional aim was to study the composition of meals and snacks, and analyse the nutritional significance of these eating events in terms of energy and macronutrients.

    Subjects. Elderly women, both self-managing (n=139) and disabled (n=63; with Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke), aged 64–88 years, and living at home participated.

    Methods. A repeated 24 h recall and an estimated food diary for three consecutive days were used.

    Results. The eating events defined by the women that were categorised as meals contributed 74% of the total daily energy intake, while snacks contributed 22–23%. The meals that the women had defined as dinner, was the most energy dense meal. The frequency of eating events not defined by the women, was 30–34%, but contributed only 3–4% of the total daily energy intake. The disabled women had a significantly lower energy content in meals and most snacks, compared to the self-managing women.

    Conclusion. The main conclusion was that elderly women still living at home had their meals distributed during the day and that these meals were characterised by individuality and flexibility.

    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89945 (URN)10.1016/S0195-6663(03)00052-7 (DOI)14550312 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2002-09-12 Created: 2002-09-12 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved
    4. Associations between perceived cooking ability, dietary intake and meal patterns among elderly women.
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between perceived cooking ability, dietary intake and meal patterns among elderly women.
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    2002 In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 31-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89946 (URN)
    Available from: 2002-09-12 Created: 2002-09-12Bibliographically approved
    5. Meals and energy intake among elderly women - an analysis of qualitative and quantitative dietary assessment methods
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meals and energy intake among elderly women - an analysis of qualitative and quantitative dietary assessment methods
    Show others...
    2001 In: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 14, no 6, p. 467-476Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89947 (URN)
    Available from: 2002-09-12 Created: 2002-09-12Bibliographically approved
    6. Reasons among older Swedish women of not participating in a food survey.
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reasons among older Swedish women of not participating in a food survey.
    Show others...
    2002 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 561-567Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    National Category
    Other Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89948 (URN)
    Available from: 2002-09-12 Created: 2002-09-12 Last updated: 2015-01-10
  • 33.
    Andersson Jenny, Fjellström Christina, Nydahl Margaretha, Sidenvall Birgitta & Gustafsson, K.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Matvanor, måltider och näringsintag bland pensionerade kvinnor boende i hemmet - en delstudie inom MENEW-projektet1999In: Poster presenterad vid SPRI:s konferens i Stockholm 21-22 april 1999., 1999Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 34.
    Andersson (nu Vallström), Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Categorization and identity2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Angelstam, Per
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Elbakidze, Marine
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,.
    Tikhomirov, Valery
    Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus.
    15. Forests and Forestry in three Eastern European Countries2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 176-185Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Appelberg, Magnus
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    7. Fish Communities2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 56-62Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Appleby, Michael C.
    World Society for the Protection of Animals, London.
    49 Can Farm Animal Welfare Standards be Compatible with Free Trade?2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 352-357Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Ardesjö-Lundgren, Brita
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Breeding & Genet, Box 7023, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Tengvall, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Karolinska Inst, Neuroimmunol Unit, Centrum Mol Med, Dept Clin Neurosci, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bergvall, Kerstin
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7054, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Farias, Fabiana H. G.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Wang, Liya
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anat Physiol & Biochem, Box 7011, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hedhammar, Åke
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, Box 7054, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Broad Inst MIT & Harvard, 415 Main St, Cambridge, MA 02142 USA..
    Andersson, Göran
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Breeding & Genet, Box 7023, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Comparison of cellular location and expression of Plakophilin-2 in epidermal cells from nonlesional atopic skin and healthy skin in German shepherd dogs2017In: Veterinary dermatology (Print), ISSN 0959-4493, E-ISSN 1365-3164, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 377-e88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background - Canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) is an inflammatory and pruritic allergic skin disease caused by interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Previously, a genome-wide significant risk locus on canine chromosome 27 for CAD was identified in German shepherd dogs (GSDs) and Plakophilin-2 (PKP2) was defined as the top candidate gene. PKP2 constitutes a crucial component of desmosomes and also is important in signalling, metabolic and transcriptional activities.

    Objectives - The main objective was to evaluate the role of PKP2 in CAD by investigating PKP2 expression and desmosome structure in nonlesional skin from CAD-affected (carrying the top GWAS SNP risk allele) and healthy GSDs. We also aimed at defining the cell types in the skin that express PKP2 and its intracellular location.

    Animals/Methods - Skin biopsies were collected from nine CAD-affected and five control GSDs. The biopsies were frozen for immunofluorescence and fixed for electron microscopy immunolabelling and morphology.

    Results - We observed the novel finding of PKP2 expression in dendritic cells and T cells in dog skin. Moreover, we detected that PKP2 was more evenly expressed within keratinocytes compared to its desmosomal binding partner plakoglobin. PKP2 protein was located in the nucleus and on keratin filaments attached to desmosomes. No difference in PKP2 abundance between CAD cases and controls was observed.

    Conclusion - Plakophilin-2 protein in dog skin is expressed in both epithelial and immune cells; based on Its sub cellular location its functional role is implicated in both nuclear and structural processes.

  • 39.
    Arney, David
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    42 What is Animal Welfare and How is it Assessed?2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 311-315Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Arney, David
    et al.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    Aland, Andres
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    44 Contemporary Issues in Farm Animal Housing and Management: Cattle Housing and Welfare2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 324-328Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Arney, David
    et al.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    Aland, Andres
    47 Humane Transport and Slaughter of Farm Animals2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 344-348Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Arveby, G.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Hög tid att agera mot sjukhussvälten. En koststudie från en vårdavdelning och förslag till förbättringar.1995In: Scand J Nutr/Näringsforskning;1995:39:105-8. (Examensarbete 10 p,), Vol. 39, p. 105-8Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 43.
    Arvidsson, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Etana, Ararso
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Myrbeck, Åsa
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Rydberg, Tomas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    29 Ploughless Tillage  in Long- and Short-term  Experiments2012In: Sustainable Agriculture / [ed] Christine Jakobsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1500, p. 222-228Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44. Asiegbu, F O
    et al.
    Choi, W B
    Li, G S
    Nahalkova, Jarmila
    Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7026, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Dean, R A
    Isolation of a novel antimicrobial peptide gene (Sp-AMP) homologue from Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine) following infection with the root root fungus Heterobasidion annosum2003In: FEMS Microbiology Letters, ISSN 0378-1097, E-ISSN 1574-6968, Vol. 228, no 1, p. 27-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new family of antimicrobial peptide homologues termed Sp-Amp has been discovered in Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine). This is the first report of such proteins to be characterized in a conifer species. Sp-AMP1 was identified in a substructured cDNA library of root tissue infected with the root rot fungus Heterobasidion annosum and encodes a mature peptide of 79 amino acid residues. Three additional members of the Sp-AMP family (Sp-AMPs 2-4) encode cysteine-rich proteins of 105 amino acids, each containing an N-terminal region with a probable cleavage signal sequence. Northern analysis confirmed that Sp-AMP expression is elevated in Scots pine roots upon infection with H. annosum. These peptides share 64% amino acid identity with a mature protein from Macadamia integrifolia (MiAMP1), which allowed us to build a homology model for preliminary analysis. Southern analyses further confirmed that several copies of the gene are present in the Scots pine genome. The potential significance of Sp-AMP in the H. annosum-conifer pathosystem is discussed.

  • 45. Asiegbu, F O
    et al.
    Nahalkova, Jarmila
    Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Li, G S
    Pathogen-inducible cDNAs from the interaction of the root rot fungus Heterobasidion annosum with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)2005In: Plant Science, ISSN 0168-9452, E-ISSN 1873-2259, Vol. 168, no 2, p. 365-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Subtractive hybridization was used to select cDNAs representing genes that are differentially expressed during interaction of the necrotroph Heterobasidion annosum and its conifer host (Pinus sylvestris). We obtained 966 ESTs from the subtraction cDNA library, which included 509 singletons and 147 contigs. The sequences of 492 clones (51%) significantly matched National Centre for Biotechnology Information Database entries. Four hundred and seventy-four ESTs (49%) had not been previously described. The ESTs with moderate to high similarity scores based on BlastX were organized into categories based on their putative function. Among the genes identified, 16% were associated with metabolism and other cellular functions, 14% with cell rescue and defence and 39% were classified as unknown. Seven of the genes shared significant homology to fungal genes. A cDNA encoding an antimicrobial peptide (AMP) was the most abundant transcript representing 2% of the total sequenced clones. The expression pattern of five ESTs (peroxidase, anti-microbial peptide, resistance gene analogue, unknown protein, thaumatin) were analysed by virtual Northern blot, and confirmed elevated levels of the gene transcripts upon pathogen infection. These ESTs provide insight into the host-pathogen interaction and also represent a resource for future research on H. annosum-conifer pathosystems.

  • 46.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The rise of agrarian entrepreneurs in Hungary during the period of transition to capitalism (1989-2002) as a gendered process2005In: Gender Transition in Russia and Eastern Europe, Gondolin, Eslöv , 2005, p. 233-265Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The article is based on the analyses of 30 interviews conducted with agrarian entrepreneurs on the Hungarian countryside between 2000-2003. It aims to explore in which way did the creation of new economic structures become the arena for the articulation of gender relations. In the interviewed families women’s engagement was preconditioned by their ability to resolve the competing demands on their labour power. They had to comply with demands rising from the family’s daily reproduction and those dictated by the priorities of the enterprise. Meanwhile, men were free from reproductive duties. Women experienced autonomy as economic actors. However, this autonomy was typically concentrated to certain areas of the enterprise. At the same time men took charge of the economically most central areas of farm and enterprise leadership.

  • 47.
    Backéus, Ingvar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecological Botany.
    Effekter av myrdikning på flora och vegetation: En problemstrukturerad sammanställning av litteratur1981Book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Backéus, Ingvar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecological Botany.
    Stenbeck, Gösta
    Konsekvenser av skogs- och myrdikning. Påverkan på flora och vegetation1981Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49. Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    Crumley, Carole L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Svedin, Uno
    Biocultural Refugia: Combating the Erosion of Diversity in Landscapes of Food Production2013In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 18, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is urgent need to both reduce the rate of biodiversity loss caused by industrialized agriculture and feed more people. The aim of this paper is to highlight the role of places that harbor traditional ecological knowledge, artifacts, and methods when preserving biodiversity and ecosystem services in landscapes of food production. We use three examples in Europe of biocultural refugia, defined as the physical places that not only shelter farm biodiversity, but also carry knowledge and experiences about practical management of how to produce food while stewarding biodiversity and ecosystem services. Memory carriers include genotypes, landscape features, oral, and artistic traditions and self-organized systems of rules, and as such reflect a diverse portfolio of practices on how to deal with unpredictable change. We find that the rich biodiversity of many regionally distinct cultural landscapes has been maintained through different smallholder practices developed in relation to local environmental fluctuations and carried within biocultural refugia for as long as millennia. Places that transmit traditional ecological knowledge and practices hold important lessons for policy makers since they may provide genetic and cultural reservoirs - refugia - for the wide array of species that have co-evolved with humans in Europe for more than 6000 thousand yrs. Biodiversity restoration projects in domesticated landscapes can employ the biophysical elements and cultural practices embedded in biocultural refugia to create locally adapted small-scale mosaics of habitats that allow species to flourish and adapt to change. We conclude that such insights must be included in discussions of land-sparing vs. land-sharing when producing more food while combating loss of biodiversity. We found the latter strategy rational in domesticated landscapes with a long history of agriculture.

  • 50.
    Beasley, Val Richard
    et al.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,.
    Adkesson, Adriane Michelle
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,.
    1. Wildlife and Ecosystem Health2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 13-26Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1234567 1 - 50 of 669
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