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  • 1.
    Alexandrov, Igor
    et al.
    Novgorod State University.
    Petrova, Ludmila
    Novgorod State Unified Museum.
    Druzhinin, Vladimir
    Kaucia, Tatyana
    8. Protecting the past of historical Veliky Novgorod2003Ingår i: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 60-67Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Veliky Novgorod, the most ancient city in Russia with a history going back to 859, poses special urban planning and development problems. In the article the legal steps taken to protect the cultural layers in the city are described. The resulting restrictions come into conflict with the tasks of the complex planning of this part of the city, which presupposes reconstruction of the historical city environment. As an example, the work with the Nikolo-Dvirishchensky cathedral is described.

  • 2.
    Berg, Per G.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    4. The city as a sustainable living system: Hågaby as a demonstration model of the conditions required for creating a sustainable living system2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 24-33Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Living systems in general and urban structures in particular finda large number of ways to make themselves sustainable. In thischapter the five properties for sustainability applied to the modelneighbourhood Hågaby is described, and discussed as a generaltheory for sustainability of urban environments.

  • 3.
    Berg, Per G.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    5. Demonstrating sustainability in human habitats: Six resources and 50 aspects of sustainability in Hågaby settlement2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 34-38Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Methods to demonstrate resources for sustainability in the modelarea Hågaby are described. Physical, economic, organisational,human and cultural resources are studied using a mix of quantitativeand qualitative assessments.

  • 4.
    Berg, Per G.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    6. Developing sustainability in Hågaby village2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 39-56Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The results of the first four years of development (1996-2000) ofthe model project Hågaby are reported. Data include quantitativeanalysis of a series of practical projects such as solar energy,wastewater treatment, household composting, as well as socialand economic aspects of a sustainable community life.

  • 5.
    Berg, Per G
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    11. Urbanisation and Urban-Rural Cooperation2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 141-154Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Bezlakovsky, Igor
    et al.
    City of Veliky Novgorod.
    Kuzmichev, Vladimir
    City of Veliky Novgorod.
    Ivchenko, Tatyana
    City of Veliky Novgorod.
    9. Urban planning in post-soviet Novgorod: Introducing a western legal system2003Ingår i: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 68-78Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Development and implementation of a program for rational use of the land of the city has become first priority for ensuring self-goverment and democracy in Veliky Novgorod, and is seen as the first step towards a system of sustainable city development. The article describes how new routines and legal instruments are introduced to support local self-government and public participation in urban planning, and the development of a real estate market. A system of zooning establishes legal rules which regulate the use of land and constructions of real estate. A geographic information system (GIS) has been introduced to develop the cadaster of the city.

  • 7.
    Evasdotter, Liselott
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för biologisk grundutbildning.
    Restoration of a Rich Fen by Top Soil Removal: Temporal and Spatial Responses among Vascular Plants, Bryophytes and Land Snails during 15 years2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Rich fens are calcareous and nutrient poor wetlands with a rich flora of orchids, sedges and mosses. As many as one hundred plant species are rich fen specialists. Many wetlands have been drained historically, and transformed to agricultural land or production forests. Today rich fens cover only 2-3% of the total mire area in Sweden. Rich fen is a rare and valuable habitat also from a European perspective and is protected in the Natura 2000-network. To increase and maintain the biodiversity and ecosystem services rich fens can offer, it is important to increase the rich fen area by restoration and management. Rich fen restoration can be carried out in different ways. In this report the restoration method of top soil removal is investigated. The method has never been tested before in Sweden and therefore it is important to evaluate the suitability of the method for further conservation work.

     

    Before restoration, the study area had been drained, used as arable land and pasture, and finally become abandoned and overgrown by tall eutrophic herbaceous vegetation. An excavator dug away the layer of nutrient rich top soil and then the site was left for spontaneous development. Adjacent to the restored area, there is a small remnant of rich fen. Monitoring of the restored area was performed during the first five years after the restoration. I repeated the monitoring after ten years, and analyzed the long-term succession of plants and snails, in comparison with the status in the reference fen.

     

    The vegetation in the restored parts is approaching the one in the reference fen. For example, the number of rich fen specialists has increased steadily. However, the colonization of bryophytes is slow. They cover at most 20 % in the restored parts, while 80 % in the reference fen, possibly because of dispersal limitation and the fact that the restored area is drier than the reference fen. More species of herbs can be found in the restored parts than in the reference fen. Another difference is the high cover of bare soil in the restored areas, compared to none in the reference fen. Some trees and bushes are growing in the area, primarily birch (Betula pubescens) and different species of Salix. The land snails have successfully colonized the restored areas. After two years the same number of species was found in the restored area, as in the reference fen. The total number of species found in the restored areas was 26, compared to 29 in the reference fen, among them three rare rich fen indicator species.

     

    The results show how the restored site has developed from bare mineral soil to a rich fen site, approaching the species composition of the reference fen. Several species of rich fen specialists among vascular plants, bryophytes and land snails have established in the restored areas. The small rich fen close to the restored area functions as a source from where plants and animals can spread. Overall the restoration shows very positive results, going from bare soil to rich fen vegetation in only ten years.

  • 8.
    Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, För teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten gemensamma enheter, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala.
    From Seascapes of Extinction to Seascapes of Confidence: Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries in Chile: El Quisco and Puerto Oscuro2008Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In Chile, the indiscriminate harvest for export of the edible shellfish, Concholepas concholepas or false abalone, propelled by a neo-liberal market economy during the 1970s, almost led to the extinction of the species, thereby threatening the dependant small-scale artisan fishers’ survival as well as the ecosystem. To reverse this, fishers’ organizations in Chile have adopted the state created regulatory measure, Management and Exploitation Areas for Benthic Resources (MEABR; locally known as Management Areas -- MAs). Replacing the former unsuccessful fishing regulatory measurements, the MEABR regime empowers the fishers with exclusive territorial use rights (TURF) to manage the species, often under commons institutions, thus creating new seascapes of confidence. However, as is often the case with new solutions, emergent problems are posed that threaten to undermine the reform. With the new regulated extraction measure and geographical expansion of this novel labour and production alternative, fishers experience a transition from ‘nomadic’ to sedentary fishing leading to a transformation of their lifestyle and skills. If MAs become permanent, fishing in rural areas may lead to tensions as the fishers settle on coastal lands without entitlement, or are hindered from developing their own fisheries infrastructure. The legal system does not seem to fully foresee the consequences of the reform, and prevailing power relations and private property rights work to disadvantage the fishers. Using a participatory approach for the first research location of El Quisco (Valparaíso Region), and interviews with key informants for the second research location of Puerto Oscuro (Coquimbo Region), fishers’ views of the Chilean TURF were evaluated. How fishers perceive this experience should be central for the success or failure of the MAs as a viable alternative to the earlier conditions of open access. While the assessment of El Quisco deals more with the performance of the MA, Puerto Oscuro is used to portray the seascapes of conflict that have emerged as ownership of the coastal land is contested. The study shows that while the reform has brought better incomes from the benthic resources, the overall economic importance of the MAs for the fishers is reduced relative to the incomes coming from fishing activities realized outside the MAs. Experiences in both cases have been otherwise positive in terms of the recuperation of the species, ecological concerns and strengthening fishers’ so-called soft assets. Nevertheless, many problems remain, among them the problem of access to the sea border and those related to ambiguous land rights to support coastal settlement and fishing infrastructure development.

  • 9.
    Gercans, Visvaldis
    et al.
    City of Livani.
    Ubelis, Arnolds
    University of Latvia.
    3. Efforts to create a sustainable economic development in Livani2003Ingår i: Public Participation and Democracy: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 21-27Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In this second study the economic resources of Livani, a town of 11,000 in south-western Latvia, is discussed and examined. A detailed account of the resources in industrial production, agriculture, forestry and the service sector is given. The larger industries in the town all collapsed after 1991. Today three of these slowly regain production but on a much lower level. The former glass factory, which has started a high tech production of optical fibres mostly for export to the west, seems the most successful. Agriculture and forestry are traditional sectors in the nearest region and is a base for production and much selfsufficiency. The service sector is slowly growing. The economy is analysed in terms of sustainable development.

  • 10.
    Granvik, Madeleine
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    1. A strong municipality: On the local economic and planning competence in Uppsala and other Swedish municipalities2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 4-8Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Uppsala is described as an example of the typical Nordic strongmunicipality. This includes an extensive self-government andlocal democracy with self-taxation and a planning monopoly. Itis argued that a strong local community is good for approachingsustainability. Madeleine Granvik is a geographer and researchstudent at the Dept of Landscape Planning at the Swedish AgriculturalUniversity. She has worked with development of democracyand environmental awareness in cities in Sweden and Russia.

  • 11.
    Granvik, Madeleine
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Forsberg, Mia
    City of Uppsala.
    3. Urban growth and longterm planning: Strategies and vision for the city of Uppsala – public participation in long term planning2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 17-23Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is addressed as a new challenge instrategic planning. The Strategies and vision for Uppsala City2012 is one example of a strategic planning document. Thearticle describes the work with the plan, public participation andits main features.

  • 12.
    Granvik, Madeleine
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences .
    Wlodarczyk, Dorota
    Gdansk Technical University.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    3. Building a sustainable neighbourhood: Kronsberg2003Ingår i: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 26-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Eleven recently built neighbourhoods applying principles of sustainability in all its aspects – environmental, economic and social – are described with a more detailed description of Kronsberg outside Hannover, Germany. Kronsberg with 15,000 inhabitants and working places for 2,000, consists of 10% single-family homes and 90% multi-storey buildings. Considerable obligations were made in all phases of the project to secure a high quality of life and to use natural resources sparingly.

  • 13.
    Grönholm, Björn
    Åbo Akademi University.
    1. Implementing Local Agenda 21 in the Baltic Sea region: The case of Turku and southwest Finland2003Ingår i: Public Participation and Democracy: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 4-14Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction and implementation of Local Agenda 21 (LA21) in municipalities in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark is reviewed. In Sweden all municipalities have a LA21, in Finland many and in Norway almost none, but here many environmental projects serve the same purpose as LA21. The importance of the participatory and informative – democracy building – character of LA21 is underlined with many examples from Turku and Southwest Finland.

  • 14.
    Hofling, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Visby vallgravar: del av ett rikt kulturarv eller bara en kuliss?2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kulturmiljövårdens hantering av de gröna miljöerna har länge varit bristfällig, vilket Visby vallgravar utgör exempel på. Park­området som sträcker sig utmed ringmuren från norr till söder ger idag ett till viss del naturpräglat intryck trots att det under slutet av 1800-talet genomgick omfattande planteringar och därmed i hög grad är medvetet gestaltat. Detta har medfört att kun­skapen om varför vallgravarna ser ut som de gör är otillräcklig. När Visby togs upp på UNESCO:s världsarvslista 1995 pekades vallgravarna ut som buffertzon. På ett kontrasterande sätt har man från kommunal sida på senare år utvecklat planer för exploa­tering både i och nära inpå vallgravsområdet.

    Undersökningen har syftat till att med Visby som exempel belysa hur gröna kulturmiljöer kan komma att tolkas på olika sätt när vi väljer att tillskriva dem särskilda tidslager och därmed bortse från andra. Dessutom har syftet varit att syna hur buffert­zonskonceptet applicerats i den kommunala planeringen och på detta sätt lyfta fallet till ett internationellt perspektiv.

    Undersökningen har visat på att Planteringsgillets verksamhet till stor del format dagens vallgravsområde. Samtidigt har histo­riens bristande förvaltning tillsammans med senare års ”medeltidifiering” lett till att fokus riktats bort från senare historia och snarare koncentrerats till medeltiden. I relation till den medeltida världsarvsstaden och ringmuren har vallgravarna kommit att mer utgöra en kuliss än en del av kulturarvet. Buffertzonskonceptet har visats möta problem i implementering i nationell lagstift­ning vilket är ett av skälen till ett avvaktande förhållningssätt till området i världsarvsfrågan. Paradoxala motsättningar i form av exploateringsplaner och en vilja att utöka och tydliggöra världsarvet är ett av resultaten som uppvisat ett behov av att öka kun­skapen och på ett tydligare sätt säkra världsarvets och vallgravarnas fortlevnad.

  • 15.
    Iital, Arvo
    Tallinn University of Technology.
    1. Landscape and Landscape History2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 23-38Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Jasaitis, Jonas
    et al.
    Siauliai University, Siauliai, Lithuania.
    Karlsson, Ingrid
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    19. A Rural Country in Transition: Alternatives for Lithuania2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 228-233Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Jauhiainen, Jussi
    University of Helsinki.
    4. Urban planning and land-use in post-socialist Estonia: The case of Tartu2003Ingår i: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 35-43Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Post-socialist cities are often characterised by large suburban, densely developed areas for manufacturing industry on the periphery, hardly maintained traditionally important inner city areas, and a deteriorating ring of housing between them. Implementing sustainable development and participatory planning practices in the redevelopment of these areas has become a challenge for planners in the former command economies. In the study, the role of public and private agents in promoting rehabilitation and gentrification in the rundown areas in Tartu are looked at.

  • 18.
    Jauhiainen, Jussi
    University of Helsinki.
    5. Development of an old wooden house residential district: Supilinn in central Tartu2003Ingår i: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 44-50Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Supilinn is a declined wooden house residential district in central Tartu, where no renovation has occurred for decades, and many inhabitants lack water, sewage, flush toilets and hot water. Supilinn exemplifies many similar districts in the Baltic states, with considerable cultural values and a wide gap between actual and potential land values. The new master plan attempts to improve the economic performance of Supilinn and to foster gentrification, by increasing the population by one third in a decade, improving services, replacing currently rundown buildings, building new streets and expanding the use of the riverside area, without losing the very particular milieau.

  • 19.
    Jauhiainen, Jussi
    University of Helsinki.
    6. Development of a former military district: Jaamamõisa at the former Raadi air base in Tartu2003Ingår i: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 51-56Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The district of Jaamamõisa, a former housing area for Soviet military forces at Raadi military air base, has an aging and decreasing population (from about 4,000 to 3,000) due to the emigration from Estonia in the early 1990s, especially by people of ethnic russian origin. In the neighbourhood, 29% of the population were ethnic estonians. Jaamamõisa's development potential is discussed in terms of its advantageous location in the town structure. But Jaamamõisa may also turn into a ghetto and specific attention should be paid to the particular socio-ethnic composition of the area.

  • 20.
    Jauhiainen, Jussi
    University of Helsinki.
    7. Development of an industrial district: Kekk in Tartu2003Ingår i: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 57-59Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial development has suffered particularly from the change to a market economy system. The article describes the industrial area of Kekk in Tartu which was important for the construction industry. The current re-use is seen as a simple example of practical sustainability, where the absense of a strong municipal intervention and initiative from private owners are the important factors. Former industrial buildings may be the only possible facilities for enterprises that do not necessarily need or cannot invest in their surrounding environment.

  • 21.
    Jokinen, Mikko
    et al.
    City of Turku.
    Lankiniemi, Matti
    City of Pori.
    1. Municipal environmental audit: The UBC manual as a tool to develop local environmental management applied in the Finnish cities of Turku and Pori2003Ingår i: Urban Environmental Management: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 4-12Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The manual for Municipal Environmental Audit developed by the Union of Baltic Cities (UBC) in 1996-98 to support the environmental work of cities in the Baltic Sea region, was used by the two neighbouring Finnish cities Turku and Pori to review their environmental management. Expert teams from the two cities audited the other city in the six selected areas: air pollution monitoring, noise abatement,, waste management, water protection, nature protection and biodiversity, and environmental administration. Results from the process are summarised in the article. The environmental administration in both cities confirmed the great value of feed-back from expert colleagues to improve work and routines in environmental management.

  • 22.
    Kamenckas, Juozas
    City of Kaunas.
    5. Health concerns in environmental management: The city of Kaunas health profile2003Ingår i: Urban Environmental Management: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 54-66Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    A quantitative and qualitative description of health (the health profile) of the 400,000 inhabitants of Kaunas, the second largest city in Lithuania, was made using available statistics from 1980 up to 2000. Mortality rates, decreasing since the mid 1990s, were comparable to values in Lithuania as a whole and dominated by cardiovascular diseases and other causes. In 1999 close to 80% of the population experienced themselves as not having full health. Complaints were dominated by respiratory diseases (close to 30%). Separate studies in 9 districts in the city proved the health situation to be worse in areas with more traffic, close to a power plant, and less greenery, but also less good social status. The city has in its health plan included work to improve the environment, especially decreasing air pollution.

  • 23.
    Klinga, Peter
    et al.
    Tech Univ Zvolen, Fac Forestry, Zvolen, Slovakia.
    Mikoláš, Martin
    Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Prague, Czech Republic; PRALES, Rosina, Slovakia.
    Smolko, Peter
    DIANA, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia; Univ Alberta, Dept Biol Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada.
    Tejkal, Martin
    Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Höglund, Jacob
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Zooekologi.
    Paule, Ladislav
    Tech Univ Zvolen, Fac Forestry, Zvolen, Slovakia.
    Considering landscape connectivity and gene flow in the Anthropocene using complementary landscape genetics and habitat modelling approaches2019Ingår i: Landscape Ecology, ISSN 0921-2973, E-ISSN 1572-9761, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 521-536Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Context: A comprehensive understanding of how rapidly changing environments affect species gene flow is critical for mitigating future biodiversity losses. While recent methodological developments in landscape ecology and genetics have greatly advanced our understanding of biodiversity conservation, they are rarely combined and applied in studies.

    Objectives: We merged multifaceted landscape habitat modelling with genetics to detect and design biological corridors, and we evaluated the importance of habitat patches to test corridor efficacy for gene flow in a fragmented landscape. We examined an isolated population of an endangered umbrella species, the capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), in the Western Carpathians; they have experienced habitat deterioration and accompanying population declines in recent decades.

    Methods: To detect spatial patterns of genetic distances, we combined and optimized resistance surfaces using species distribution modelling, structural and functional connectivity analyses, multivariate regression approaches, and Moran’s eigenvector maps at hierarchical scales.

    Results: Larger habitat patches had better gene flow among them, and we confirmed a broken metapopulation network characterised by a pattern of isolation by the environment. Distance to human settlements explained landscape genetic patterns better than other environmental and landscape features, MaxEnt resistance, Conefor resistance surfaces, and the pairwise Euclidean distances among individuals. The closer individuals were to settlements, the more pronounced were the effects of logging and other negative factors on their connectivity.

    Conclusions: Merging multifaceted landscape habitat modelling with genetics can effectively test corridor efficacy for gene flow, and it represents a powerful tool for conservation of endangered species.

  • 24.
    Kliucininkas, Linas
    Kaunas University of Technology.
    2. Local sustainability indicators: The development and monitoring of six local indicators in Kaunas2003Ingår i: Urban Environmental Management: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 13-26Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In order to monitor local sustainable development processes in Kaunas, Lithuania, six indicators, four with a clear environmental profile, were chosen from the set of ten core indicators recommended by the European Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign. These were citizens' satisfaction with the local community, local air quality, local mobility, local contribution to climate change, availability of public open areas and services, and noise pollution. Background descriptions including legal requirements especially in EC Directives, monitoring methodologies, limitations, and preliminary results from monitoring work are reported.

  • 25.
    Lukosius, Saulius
    et al.
    City of Kaunas.
    Kliucininkas, Linas
    Kaunas University of Technology.
    10. Decision support techniques in urban planning: using a geographical information system for site selection of a new culture and sport hall in Kaunas, Lithuania2003Ingår i: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 79-84Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Computer based techniques are getting an increased role in urban planning. The article gives an example of how Geographic Information Systems have been applied as a decision support system in the evaluation of alternative locations of a new culture and sports hall in Kaunas, Lithuania. The considerations included distances to public transport, major roads, possibilities to build parking places, and the number of potential visitors within walking distance.

  • 26.
    McIsaac, Gregory
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    6. History of Land Use in the Great Lakes Region2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 77-88Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 27.
    Michanek, Gabriel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Bostedt, Göran
    Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Ekvall, Hans
    Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Forsberg, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen. SLU, Swedish Biodivers Ctr CBM, Box 7007, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hof, Anouschka R.
    Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Netherlands.
    de Jong, Johnny
    Swedish Biodiversity Centre (CBM), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Rudolphi, Jörgen
    Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Zabel, Astrid
    School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Services, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland.
    Landscape Planning - Paving the Way for Effective Conservation of Forest Biodiversity and a Diverse Forestry?2018Ingår i: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 9, nr 9, artikel-id 523Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally, intensive forestry has led to habitat degradation and fragmentation of the forest landscape. Taking Sweden as an example, this development is contradictory to international commitments, EU obligations, and to the fulfillment of the Parliament’s environmental quality objective “Living Forests[CD1] ”, which according to Naturvårdsverket (The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency) will not be achieved in 2020 as stipulated. One important reason for the implementation deficit is the fragmented forestry management. In a forest landscape, felling and other measures are conducted at different times on separate forest stands (often relatively small units) by different operators. Consequently, the authorities take case by case decisions on felling restrictions for conservation purposes. In contrast, conservation biology research indicates a need for a broad geographical and strategical approach in order to, in good time, select the most appropriate habitats for conservation and to provide for a functioning connectivity between different habitats. In line with the EU Commission, we argue that landscape forestry planning could be a useful instrument to achieve ecological functionality in a large area. Landscape planning may also contribute to the fulfilment of Sweden’s climate and energy policy, by indicating forest areas with insignificant conservation values, where intensive forestry may be performed for biomass production etc. Forest owners should be involved in the planning and would, under certain circumstances, be entitled to compensation. As state resources for providing compensation are scarce, an alternative could be to introduce a tax-fund system within the forestry sector. Such a system may open for voluntary agreements between forest owners for the protection of habitats within a large area.

  • 28.
    Mincyte, Diana
    New York University.
    7. From Traditional to Modern Rural Society2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 91-102Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 29.
    Mosiej, Józef
    Warsaw University of Life Sciences.
    23. Policy of Rural Development in Poland2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 274-276Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 30.
    Mosiej, Józef
    et al.
    Warsaw University of Life Sciences.
    Karczmarczyk, Agnieszka
    Warsaw University of Life Sciences.
    Wyporska, Katarzyna
    Warsaw University of Life Sciences.
    20. Landscape and Maintenance of Water Resources2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 234-242Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Müller-Wille, Wendelin
    Member of City counsil in Enköping.
    11. Migration in the municipality of Enköping: Urban or countryside living - two ways to persue sustainability2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 81-84Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In some areas of Sweden urbanization has reversed during the1990s. The municipality of Enköping is one example where newhouses are largely built and new inhabitants preferably settleoutside the town. Life outside the town is discussed as a

  • 32.
    Nilsson, Kristina L
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, and Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    18. Spatial Planning and Management2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 205-227Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 33.
    Palang, Hannes
    et al.
    Tartu University.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Haber, Zbigniew
    Poznan University of Agriculture.
    Elias, Pavol
    Slovak University of Agriculture.
    Elvisto, Tiina
    Tallinn Pedagogical University.
    Emanuelsson, Urban
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Centrum för biologisk mångfald.
    Migula, Pawel
    University of Silesia.
    7. Society and Landscape: Space Intrusion and Habitat Destruction2003Ingår i: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 184-221Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 34.
    Pedersen, Karin Hilmer
    et al.
    Aarhus University.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    22. Policy and Policy Instruments2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 259-273Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 35.
    Persson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro University, City of Örebro.
    Bro, Anders
    Örebro University.
    10. Culture in municipal transformation: An integrated policy for culture in the transformation of Hällefors2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 77-80Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The transformation in Hällefors is described as a strategy, wherethe products of the town were no more steel and wood but ratherculture, nature, and meals. The changes were inspired by Gestaltpsychology’s ”the steps of human needs”, as well as by 1880’sSweden, when authors and painters were very active. Cultureis seen as a strong force in periods of change.

  • 36.
    Persson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro University, City of Örebro.
    Bro, Anders
    Örebro University.
    7. Studying sustainability in municipal transformation: The Hällefors studies2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 57-63Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Strategies to achieve sustainability by municipalities in crisis aredescribed, focusing on the small town of Hällefors. Strategiesare either offensive where new investments are being made ordefensive where the municipality adapt to a shrinking populationand economy. The report builds on interviews and focus on mentalitychange.

  • 37.
    Persson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro University, City of Örebro.
    Bro, Anders
    Örebro University.
    8. Strategies for managing economic decline: Hällefors - A municipality undergoing transformation2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 64-67Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The change of economy in Hällefors, one of many towns dominatedby a single large industrial company within traditional branches, isdescribed. In few years the large employer decreased workforcedramatically. The municipality was forced to go from one sourceof income to develop many small companies based on local opportunities.

  • 38.
    Persson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro University, City of Örebro.
    Bro, Anders
    Örebro University.
    9. Managing housing policy during an economic decline: Hällefors’ Housing Policy and Housing Situation2002Ingår i: Basic patterns of sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén and Madeleine Granvik, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, s. 68-76Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Housing policy in Hällefors town, with a decreasing population,and 10-20 % empty apartments, is described. Houses were takendown, investments for improved beauty and functionality, madein three residential areas. The ensuing decreased frequency ofmoving proved the investments to be worth while. Sustainability inHällefors subsequent to the measures take is discussed.

  • 39.
    Ridbäck, Ulrika
    Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet.
    On the complexity of dealing with introduced plants as cultural heritage: a historical multidisciplinary study of plants introduced to Norway from 1750 to 1900, exemplified with Abies alba Mill. (European silver fir) as a case species2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 40.
    Ridbäck, Ulrika
    et al.
    Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet.
    Dietze-Schirdewahn, Annegreth
    Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet.
    Once in demand, now unwanted: reflections on changed attitudes towards plants introduced to Norway 1750-19002017Ingår i: Landscape research, ISSN 0142-6397, E-ISSN 1469-9710, Vol. 42, nr 5, s. 471-481Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Among plant species introduced to Norway, several are naturalising and spreading in the landscape in an aggressive way. There is an ongoing debate between professionals in nature management and cultural heritage. Policy-makers have selected the year 1800 as a time delimitation: the use of plant species introduced later is to be regulated or even forbidden. Looking back in history, the perception of the introduction of plants between 1750 and 1900 differs from present attitudes. Introduced plants were once regarded as positive contributions that could be used to demonstrate botanic skills and wealth, as well as garden owners' skills in cultivating them. At present, many of the plant species that were once desirable are now regarded as threatening 'aliens'. This article examines changed attitudes towards introduced plants, with an emphasis on the period 1750-1900, when the majority of new plants arrived.

  • 41.
    Ridbäck, Ulrika
    et al.
    Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet.
    Vike, Eva
    Dietze-Schirdewahn, Annegreth
    A battle of values: a case study of a blacklisted heritage tree represented by European silver fir Abies alba Mill. in a protected landscape in Norway2018Ingår i: Arboricultural Journal, The International Journal of Urban Forestry, ISSN 0307-1375, E-ISSN 2168-1074, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 92-105Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 42.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    12. Living in the Baltic Waterscape2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 155-161Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 43.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    1.  How do people want to live? Dorota Wlodarczyk and Malgorzata Dymnicka

    2.  Garden city urban patterns Dorota Wlodarczyk

    3.  Building a sustainable neighbourhood – Kronsberg Madeleine Granvik, Dorota Wlodarczyk and Lars Rydén

    4.  Urban planning and land-use in post-socialist Estonia Jussi Jauhiainen

    5.  Development of an old wooden house residential district Jussi Jauhiainen

    6.  Development of a former military district Jussi Jauhiainen

    7.  Development of an industrial district Jussi Jauhiainen

    8.  Protecting the past of historical Veliky Novgorod  Igor Alexandrov, Ludmila Petrova, Vladimir Druzhinin and Tatyana Kaucia

    9.  Urban planning in post-soviet Novgorod Igor Bezlakovsky, Vladimir Kuzmichev and Tatyana Ivchenko

    10. Decision support techniques in urban planning Saulius Lukosius and Linas Kliucininkas

  • 44.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Public Participation and Democracy: Reports from the Superbs project2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    1.  Implementing Local Agenda 21 in the Baltic Sea region  Björn Grönholm

    2.  Livani – the inhabitants as a resource for development  Visvaldis Gercans and Arnolds Ubelis

    3.  Efforts to create a sustainable economic development in Livani Visvaldis Gercans and Arnolds Ubelis

    4.  Public awareness and participation as elements in strategies for development Arnolds Ubelis

    5.  Urban planning and democracy in post-soviet Latvia  Mara Urtane

    6.  Promoting public participation in urban planning  Mara Urtane

    7.  Democratic development in Veliky Novgorod  Serguei Bessonov, Boris Shvedchikov and Denis Repkin

  • 45.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Urban Environmental Management: Reports from the Superbs project2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    1.  Municipal environmental audit  Mikko Jokinen and Matti Lankiniemi

    2.  Local sustainability indicators  Linas Kliucininkas

    3.  Waste management and nutrient flows in the city of Turku  Toni Tikkanen

    4.  Air pollution and damages to cultural heritage in cities  Wanda Wilczynska-Michalik

    5.  Health concerns in environmental management  Juozas Kamenckas

    6.  Living in the 21st century  Silvia Schubert

  • 46.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Granvik, MadeleineSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Basic Patterns of Sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project2002Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    1.  A strong municipality   Madeleine Granvik

    2.  Cultures of municipal administration  Madeleine Granvik and Inger Christoferson

    3.  Urban growth and long term planning  Madeleine Granvik and Mia Forsberg

    4.  The city as a sustainable living system   Per G. Berg

    5.  Demonstrating sustainability in human habitats   Per G. Berg

    6.  Developing sustainability in Hågaby village  Per G. Berg

    7.  Studying sustainability in municipal transformation  Gunnar Persson and Anders Bro

    8.  Strategies for managing economic decline  Gunnar Persson and Anders Bro

    9.  Managing housing policy during an economic decline  Gunnar Persson and Anders Bro

    10. Culture in municipal transformation   Gunnar Persson and Anders Bro

    11. Migration in the municipality of Enköping  Wendelin Müller-Wille

  • 47. Schubert, Silvia
    6. Living in the 21st century: The ecological community of Braamwisch2003Ingår i: Urban Environmental Management: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 67-72Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Inhabitants in ecological communities develop integrated strategies for environmentally friendly lifestyles. The eco-community of Braamwisch in the northeastern part of Hamburg, Germany, has developed far-reaching ecological strategies in several ways. Braamwisch includes 40 houses built 1996-2000, all with low energy construction methods, and extremely good insulation. Much of the heating is made using local solar heating, while green electricity was bought from outside, and to an extent came from local photovoltaic cells. All building materials used were environmentally safe. Toilets were mostly dry composting toilets. Water consumption was considerably reduced without water toilets (about 20,000 liters per year and person), and further reduced by the use of rainwater. Wastewater consists only of grey water, which is treated locally in three reed beds. Kitchen waste is mostly composted in the same bid as toilet waste. The inhabitrants cause little environmental impact by traffic as they use car-sharing and in addition, the community is located close to the public transport of Hamburg and needed commodities, such as schools, shops and doctors office, are within walking distance. The social dimension of life in an eco-community is also important as described in this report.

  • 48.
    Sepp, Kalev
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia.
    2. Landscape Functions and Ecosystem Services2012Ingår i: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, s. 39-51Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 49.
    Urtane, Mara
    Latvian University of Agriculture in Jelgava.
    5. Urban planning and democracy in post-soviet Latvia2003Ingår i: Public Participation and Democracy: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 33-40Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The history of the urban plan of Jelgava, the fourth largest city in Latvia, is reviewed from earliest times to today, with a focus on the post WWII development. Jelgava was devastated in the two world wars and the old city plan was largerly destroyed in the Soviet reconstruction, when the former cultural centre became an industrial city. After independence a discussion of a new urban plan have been thoroughly discussed in the city with a considerable public participation. In focus have been the efforts to re-establish Jelgava as a cultural centre for the region. The role of culture for democracy building and identity is stressed.

  • 50.
    Urtane, Mara
    Latvian University of Agriculture in Jelgava.
    6. Promoting public participation in urban planning2003Ingår i: Public Participation and Democracy: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, s. 41-44Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The different means to stimulate public participation in urban planning in Jelgava, Latvia, is reviewed. Questionnaires, exhibits, public discussions, etc were used to reach as many as possible. While many hundred of the inhabitants did take part, some groups were identified as more active, such as teachers, medical personnel and students. Key areas for public participation were identified as environmental quality, social and economic development, garbage management and the planning of cementeries.

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