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  • 1.
    Abdi Ali, Dusit
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    The bright hopes and desoluted dream of Ethiopian women: A study of circular migration to middle east and the gulf states2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Migration and re-migration of economically and socially marginalized Ethiopian women and girls has become a phenomenon. Based on interviews with 12 Ethiopian migrant women returned from the Middle East and the Gulf States, the primary aim of this thesis is to describe and study Ethiopian women migrants’ circular migration to the Middle East. I will mainly focus on how social dynamics in the family, gender relations and economic circumstances are intricate. The process of women’s migration and how the expectations of the family can be gender differentiated are discussed. Further, the migrant women’s power relation when class and ethnicity determine their position is discussed. Relations with the sending family and the issues related to the women who return, as well as problems affecting them at home and in the destination countries, are looked at. Various and complex issues of migration and the women’s roles are discussed with reference to the women’s experiences. Migration provides women with opportunities for social and economic mobility but can also subject them to ethnic discrimination, exploitation, and abuse. The movement is generally seen as voluntary labor migration and it has placed them in a vulnerable position both at home and abroad. Their migration is interconnected to the economic need but also the responsibilities they have towards their family and kin.

  • 2.
    Adolfo, Eldrigde
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Electoral Violence in Africa2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the time period 2012–2013, over 20 national elections and two constitutional referendums are scheduled in Africa. In several of these elections, violence is anticipated to play a prominent role. There is great urgency to support the establishment of effective and legitimate electoral institutions and electoral frameworks; institute reforms aimed at lowering the stakes of elections; encourage the devolution of powers; improve the socio-economic standing of the populace; and devise strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence.

  • 3.
    Alkarp, Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Women in Nationalist Discourse: An Anthropological Perspective on Korean Gendered Nationalism2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Alkarp, Lars Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Establishing a Culture of Migration: The Spatial, Economic, and Social Planning of Philippine-Korean Labour Migration2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the second half of the 20th century the Philippines have supplied the world with migrant workers. Today, almost one tenth of the population is residing abroad. Labour migration has become an important source of revenue to both state and private actors through remittances, for the Philippines, and a source of cheap labour battling labour shortage, in the receiving countries. Today, the global labour market is a distinct and important part of what we call globalisation. This is portrayed in this thesis through the lens of Philippine-Korean labour migration.

    The purpose of this thesis is to illustrate the emergence of migrants as a commodity for export, the institutionalised creation of migrants, the normalisation of labour migration, and containment of migrants through legal and spatial constraints, in Manila and in Seoul.

    This thesis look at the ways in which labour migration, as an economic policy, is internalised and transformed into a culture of migration. I argue that the effects of a culture of migration is felt not just by the labour migrants themselves, but also by their families and by the Philippines as a whole. As such, the reliance on remittances as a source of income has transformed domestic and global infrastructures as well as norms and social behaviour. Moreover, this thesis aims to add to the discussion on migration and remittances by exploring social dimensions and consequences of the globalisation of the labour market.

  • 5.
    Andersson Trovalla, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Medicine for Uncertain Futures: A Nigerian City in the Wake of a Crisis2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nigerian city of Jos used to be seen as a peaceful place, but in 2001 it was struck by clashes that arose from what was largely understood as issues of ethnic and religious belonging. The event, which would become known as ‘the crisis’, was experienced as a rupture and a loss of what the city had once been, and as the starting point of a spiral of violence that has continued up to today. With the crisis, Jos changed. Former friends became enemies, and places that had been felt to be safe no longer were so. Previous truths were thrown into confusion, and Jos’s inhabitants found themselves more and more having to manoeuvre in an unstable world coloured by fear and anger. Life in Jos became increasingly hard to predict, and people searched for different ways forward, constantly trying out new interpretations of the world. This book, which is inspired by pragmatism, analyses the processes that were shaping the emergent city of Jos and its inhabitants in the aftermath of the crisis. At its core are some of Jos’s practitioners of traditional medicine. As healers, diviners, and providers of spells to protect from enemies or solve conflicts, they had special skills to influence futures that were becoming more and more unpredictable. Still, the medical practitioners were as vulnerable to the changing circumstances as everyone else. Their everyday lives and struggles to find their footing and ways forward under the changing circumstances are used as a point of departure to explore larger wholes: life during times characterised by feelings of uncertainty, fragmentation, fear, and conflict – in Jos as a city and Nigeria as a nation.

  • 6.
    Andreasson Larsson, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Genomgår basker en identitetsförändring?: En antropologisk studie om nationalism och unga baskers identitetsskapande i spanska Baskien2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Länge har den nationella idén varit representerad och dominerande i Baskien tillsammans med den nationella identiteten. Baskerna håller fortfarande fast vid en gammal romantiserad bild av att vara en enad och självständig nation och föreställningen om en etnisk särskildhet förstärks av etniska och kulturella markörer såsom ett gemensamt språk, tillhörighetkänsla till plats, historiska anor, gemensamma traditioner och samhörighetskänsla mellan spanska och franska basker. I denna studie belyses och analyseras dessa markörer samt sätts i samband med några av de diskurser som råder i spanska Baskien då de är den symboliska basen för hur basker uttrycker, upprätthåller och skapar föreställningar kring baskisk identitet och nationalism. I takt med en alltmer globaliserad värld utmanas dock den nationella idén och en kulturell förändring sker i Baskien som påverkar åtminstone den yngre generationen spanska baskers sätt att uttrycka sin identitet och nationalism. Ett växlande mellan två identiteter väcker ambivalenta känslor då framtiden diskuteras. Å ena sidan vill man fortsätta vara världsmedborgare, leva i ett gränslöst EU och vara en del av den inre marknaden. Å andra sidan vill man vara en del av ett lokalt kollektiv och samhälle. Den nationella idén, myten och stereotypen av baskerna som tidigare beskrivits som något homogent och endimensionellt är i själva verket heterogent och mångdimensionellt.

  • 7.
    Arbin, Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    ”Mandom, mod och morske män” – en militär i förändring2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Arnfred, Signe
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hammar, Amanda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kamete, Amin Y.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Lourenco-Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ngangjoh Hodu, Yenkong
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oinas, Elina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-thinking Africa: A Contribution to the Swedish Government White Paper on Africa2007Report (Other academic)
  • 9. Atkinson, Ronald R.
    et al.
    Finnström, Sverker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Uganda's moment for peace2006In: International Herald Tribune, no 9 AugustArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Op-ed, 9 August 2006:

    While wars elsewhere have grabbed the headlines - most recently in Lebanon and Israel - Africa's longest-running war has been ravaging northern Uganda for 20 years. The conflict has mainly pitted the Ugandan government against a rebel movement called the Lord's Resistance Army...

  • 10.
    Azis, Georgios
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Rising up against the subordination of life in Barcelonès: an ethnography of the struggle of the afectadas for a future without debt chains2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The collapse of the Spanish real-estate market in 2007-8, and the colossal destruction of jobs it provoked, put an abrupt end to a decade-long model of growth, which was based on the construction and tourism industries as its primary motors as well as on the massive indebtedness of the labouring masses. In the severe economic downturn that ensued, a social conflict appeared: on the one side, the many indebted people forming the movement of the Plataforma de Afectados por la Hipoteca (PAH) and, on the other side, the financial industry. This study offers an ethnographic account of the aforementioned conflict as it unfolds in the precarious reality of Barcelona and Santa Coloma de Gramenet, with a particular emphasis on the experience and struggle of the affected persons. The argument advanced is that the main predicament of the debt conflict is the subordination of life processes to the imperatives of financial accumulation; a situation enabled by a specific constellation of forces, involving the successive governments of Spain, the financial elite, the police, and the courts.

  • 11.
    Bagne Weinstock, Vincent
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Stenkastning i nordvästra Stockholm: En antropologisk undersökning om mediaskildring av situationen i Tensta och Rinkeby2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12.
    Bani-Shoraka, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Cross-generational bilingual strategies among Azerbaijanis in Tehran2009In: International Journal of the Sociology of Language, ISSN 0165-2516, E-ISSN 1613-3668, no 198, p. 105-127Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Baral, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    A View from Mengo, Some Views on Mengo: Voices on the 2011 General Elections in Buganda2014In: Elections in a Hybrid Regime: Revisiting the 2011 Ugandan Polls / [ed] Sandrine Perrot, Sabiti Makara, Jerome Lafargue, Marie-Aude Fouere, Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Baral, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Bad Guys, Good Life: An Ethnography of Morality and Change in Kisekka Market (Kampala, Uganda)2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on ethnographic data gathered over a period of almost three years, this dissertation scrutinizes the everyday lives of informal workers selling auto parts in Kisekka Market, central Kampala. Its ambition is to understand how the workers navigated a highly moralized environment in today’s Uganda, where the supposed moral deterioration of society is passionately discussed in public and in private.

    Analytically the dissertation focuses on three “moral landscapes,” or moral discourses of different geographical scales, that intersected in the workers’ lives: first, the Ugandan nation or the country; second, the Buganda kingdom with its cultural institutions to which the majority of the workers professed allegiance; and third, the capital city Kampala. Materializing in Kisekka Market, each landscape posed moral demands that the workers navigated daily as they struggled to balance norms with lived practices.

    The workers were perceived by external observers as morally ambiguous for their supposed instrumentality in riots and violent crimes in Kampala. Their notoriousness increased for the fact that they were men, often uneducated, and therefore, in public discourse, potentially threatening. Consequently, they were referred to as bayaaye, translated as hooligans or bad guys, and this label defined their relations with customers from all parts of Kampala and Uganda.

    In exploring the implications of the three moral landscapes, particular attention is paid to the in-between. Rather than focusing on mediatized events like riots and crimes, the dissertation investigates and locates the workers’ agency in the mundane processes of care and getting by and the tentative paths to a good life that unfolded daily in Kisekka Market, regardless of larger political tensions in Kampala and beyond. The city’s development plan to replace Kisekka Market with a fancy shopping mall rendered the workers’ situation increasingly exposed and their lives increasingly vulnerable. In the workers’ quest for some degree of control and self-worth, the label of bayaaye refracted into its multiple dimensions – proudly appropriated or painfully rejected by the workers themselves – attesting  to the complexities of everyday ethics, in Kampala as elsewhere. Consequently, the ethnography of this dissertation problematizes the dominant yet fraught narrative around young men in urban Africa.

  • 15.
    Baral, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Beyond Unrest: Changing Masculinities and Moral Becoming in an African Urban Market2016In: Etnofoor, ISSN 0921-5158, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 33-53Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Baral, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Brutta gente, bella vita: pianificazione urbana e morale a Kampala2017In: L’Africa delle città - Urban Africa / [ed] Cecilia Pennacini and Alessandro Gusman, Turin: Accademia University Press , 2017, p. 250-261Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Baral, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Buddo Naggalabi Coronation Site (Buganda): Controversies around a Source of Unity2013In: The Uganda Journal, Vol. 53, p. 90-135Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Baral, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Brisset-Foucault, Florence
    Les émeutes de septembre 2009 en Ouganda2010In: Politique Africaine, ISSN 0244-7827, E-ISSN 2264-5047, no 116, p. 165-184Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Baral, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Jourdan, Luca
    L’ideologia neoliberista e lo “sviluppo” delle città africane: il caso del mercato di Kisekka (Kampala, Uganda)2016In: Afriche e Orienti, ISSN 1592-6753, Vol. 18, p. 134-154Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Bartholdsson, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Kolonilotten - ett annat perspektiv på omgivningen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Baumann, Amelie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    OLD AIDS, NEW AIDS: A Study on the Effects of Antiretroviral Treatment on Non-Governmental Support Communities for HIV-Positive People in Germany2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the ways in which improvements in HIV and AIDStreatment affect the German non-governmental support community for HIVpositivepeople. It draws on two months of anthropological fieldwork conductedin four different federal states in Germany between June and August 2012. Thisfieldwork consists of semi-structured interviews and participant observation.The study seeks to understand how the reduction in severity of an HIV diagnosisaffects the people involved in HIV/AIDS-related education and social support,and the ways in which their communities are reproduced. The thesis will arguethat a perception of AIDS as a normal, treatable disease coexists withdiscriminatory practices that stem from fear. It seeks to trace how both viewsaffect the non-governmental AIDS-sector. It will argue, further, that thoseindividuals who work formally and informally in the sector act as bearers of abiopolitical regime. The thesis demonstrates that a belief in the notion ofpersonal responsibility and autonomy is central to this form of biopolitics, andexplains the ways in which they adapt and extend this regime to the lives ofHIV-positive people. A belief in the notion of personal responsibility andautonomy causes HIV-positive people who want to avoid being perceived asirresponsible to keep their diagnosis to themselves.

  • 22.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Contributions to Circumpolar Studies1986Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Devitalization and Revitalization of TraditionalSaami Dwellings in Sweden2013In: About the Hearth: Perspectives on the Home, Hearth and Household in the Circumpolar North / [ed] Robert Wishardt, Virginie Vaté, and David Anderson, Berghahn Books, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Linking Essentialist and Constructivist Ethnicity2013In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 129-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that the essentialist and the constructivist positions within theories of ethnicity are in fact compatible if one introduces a concept here called "internalized fluid capacities", connoting that which is inherently (genetically) dispositional — and in that sense biologically "anticipated" — but which remains to be developed into observable social characteristics through sociocultural impact. This perspective is based on the genetic capacity to mold or "instruct" the development of an organism from its embryonic state and onwards by using prior stages as points of departure for further instructions. In this way, certain fluid capacities become imprinted in individuals and collectivities through reinforcing interaction with the ambient society. These capacities may then harden and develop into apparent "essentials", forming a group's collective self-image. The article concludes with the suggestion that this explanatory model can be usefully applied to the debate around Swedish governmental definitions of Saamihood.

  • 25.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Milk and Antlers: A System of Partitioned Rights and Multiple Holders of Reindeer in Northern China2012In: Who Owns The Stock?: Collective and Multiple Property Rights in Animals / [ed] Anatoly M. Khazanov and Günther Schlee, Berghahn Books, 2012, p. 121-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Nordic Reflections on Northern Social Research2012In: A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe / [ed] Ullrick Kockel, Mairead Nic Craith, and Jonas Frykman, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, p. 32-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Nordic reindeer governance in the context of contemporary protected areas and species2014In: Arctic Human Development Report II: Regional Process, Global Linkages / [ed] J.N. Larsen and G. Fondahl, Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers , 2014, p. 269-313Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Reindeer Ears: calf marking during the contemporary era of extensive herding in Swedish Saamiland2007In: Annales Societatis Litterarum Humaniorum Regiae Upsaliensis, ISSN 0349-0416, p. 91-118Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Self-determining the Self: Aspects of Saami Identity Management in Sweden2007In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 24, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Beach, Hugh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Social and economic aspects of climate change in Arctic regions: Keynote address to the Arctic Science Summit Week2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Funk, DmitriSillanpää, Lennard
    Post-Soviet Transformations: politics of ethnicity and resource use in Russia2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Lewis, David
    Survey design and sampling problems2015In: SLiCA: Arctic living conditions Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula / [ed] Birger Poppel, Nordic Council fo Ministerws , 2015, p. 324-341Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Lewis, David
    Rasmussen, Rasmus
    Roto, Johanna
    The Survey of Living Conditions in the Arctic (SLiCA) as deployed in Sweden – initial issues.2015Other (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus
    How might gender matter?2015In: SLiCA: Arctic living conditions Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula / [ed] Birger Poppel, Nordic Council of Ministers, 2015, p. 360-384Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Beach, Hugh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Stammler, Florian
    Human-Animal Relations in Pastoralism2006In: Journal of Nomadic Peoples, ISSN 0822-7942, Vol. 10, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Benedictsson, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Connected on a heart level: An anthropological discussion about interracial relationships in post-apartheid South Africa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout history South Africa has been dominated by a white race group and during the era of apartheid racial segregation was encouraged as well as an idea of racial order was established through institutionalised racism. Marriage across racial borders was prohibited according to the Mixed Marriages Act. The end of apartheid and the transition to democracy in 1994 meant a radical political change within the country, but the issue of race became a question of social and economic inequality. In this essay I study the approaches and experiences of interracial couples in the post-apartheid society, and interracial couples impact on the South African society. I am particularly interested in the South Africans idea of social order today and whereas racial thinking is still present in the postapartheid society. I use qualitative content analysis to discuss ideas of order in relation to race and my material consist in audio files from interviews with interracial couples, as well as literature, books and articles. In my analysis I discuss cultural and social norms, fear of race pollution, prejudice and racial stereotypes as well as thoughts about unity and humanness. Racial thinking is still present in the South African society although the development of relationships across racial borders has increased since the end of apartheid. The interracial couples in my study notice a certain uncomfortableness among the people in their surroundings, some more than others, because people are still getting used to the thought of interracial couples. Although racist beliefs and power relations are still implied by the surroundings the couples appear to feel increasingly at home in South Africa, even though they live in an in-between world, in a New South Africa. 

  • 37.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Diaspora at Home?: Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso-Côte d'Ivoire Transnational Space2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period 1999-2007, more than half a million Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso due to the persecution of immigrant labourers in neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire. Ultranationalist debates about the criteria for Ivorian citizenship had intensified during the 1990s and led to the scapegoating of immigrants in a political rhetoric centred on notions of autochthony and xenophobia. Having been actively encouraged to immigrate by the Ivorian state for generations, Burkinabe migrant labourers were now forced to leave their homes and livelihoods behind and return to a country they had left in their youth or, as second-generation immigrants in Côte d’Ivoire, had never seen.

    Based on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, the thesis explores the narratives and everyday practices of returning labour migrants in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, in order to understand the subjective experiences of displacement that the forced return to Burkina Faso engendered. The analysis questions the appropriateness of the very notion of “return” in this context and suggests that people’s senses of home are multiplex and tend to rely more on the ability to pursue active processes of emplacement in everyday life than on abstract notions of belonging, e.g. relating to citizenship or ethnicity.

    The study analyses intergenerational interactions within and across migrant families in the city and on transformations of intra-familial relations in the context of forced displace-ment. A particular emphasis is placed on the experiences of young adults who were born and raised in Côte d’Ivoire and arrived in Burkina Faso for the first time during the Ivorian crisis. These young men and women were received with scepticism in Burkina Faso because of their perceived “Ivorian” upbringing, language, and behaviour and were forced to face new forms of stigmatisation and exclusion. At the same time, young migrants were able to exploit their labelling as outsiders and turn their difference into an advantage in the competition for scarce employment opportunities and social connections.

  • 38.
    Bjarnesen, Jesper
    et al.
    Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Introduction Urban kinship: the micro-politics of proximity and relatedness in African cities2018In: Africa, ISSN 0001-9720, E-ISSN 1750-0184, Vol. 88, no Suppl. 1, p. S1-S11Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Bodin, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    ”REPRESEN(TANTEN)”: Det heteronormativa livsmanuset och förväntningar på ett kvinnligt åldrande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Bäckström, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    "Åldern är ju bara en siffra": En antropologisk litteraturstudie om medicinska åldersbedömningar på ensamkommande flyktingbarn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to examine the justifications of the swedish government to perform medical age assessments on unaccompanied refugee children seeking asylum in Sweden. These governmental justifications were analyzed through Michel Foucault's theory of disciplinary power as well as through anthropological research on classification of age. The empirical material consisted of a selection of websites from different authorities that process medical age assessments. These were then studied through critical discourse analysis. The essay showed that these justifications can be understood as an expression of disciplinary power, where medical age assessments discipline individuals to docile bodies. Furthermore, the analysis also showed that the governmental justifications were partly founded upon western concepts of how a child is supposed to be and what a child is entitled to.

  • 41.
    Bädeker, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    "They Want to Control Everything" - Discourse and Lifestyle in Contemporary Turkey2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based upon anthropological fieldwork and contemporary literature as well as an analysis of media reports and statements by government officials such as current president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, this thesis explores the interrelations between political discourses, lifestyle, and identity construction in contemporary Turkey. In the thesis, it is depicted how certain lifestyle choices are legally limited or (drawing on moral, religious, and nationalist discourses) labeled as 'bad' or 'wrong' by the current AKP government and certain parts of society. The informants interviewed for this thesis, mostly well-educated, young Turkish urbanites, feel like these restrictions of lifestyle choices limit their possibilities to freely construct and express their identities, which leads to feelings of resentment, unhappiness, and discomfort. By analyzing political developments in the 20th and 21st century, it is furthermore illustrated that authoritarianism has been a substantial part of the Turkish state project ever since the founding of the Turkish Republic. The current political events and conflicts about lifestyle and identity construction, it is argued, have to be understood in this context rather than depicting them as based upon a strict dividing line between 'secular' and 'religious' parts of society, as it is often depicted in Western media.

  • 42.
    Caballero, Adelaida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    The Rebellion of the Chicken: Self-making, reality (re)writing and lateral struggles in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Historical sources suggest that the bad reputation of Bioko island ―a product of mixed exoticism, fear of death and allure for profit— might have started as early as the first European explorations of sub-Saharan Africa. Today, the same elements seem to have been reconfigured, producing a similar result in the Western imagination: cultural exoticization, fear of state-sponsored violence and allure for profit are as actual as ever in popular conceptions of Equatorial Guinea. A notion of ongoing terror keeps conditioning the study of the tiny African nation, resulting in media trends and academic discourses polarized by the grand themes of oil/money/corruption and human rights violations —which are highly counterproductive when trying to account for Equatoguineans’ everyday practices, mainly because the violence exerted by the state has shifted in nature. Deploying a triple theoretical framework made up by Michel de Certeau’s (1984) concepts of readers/writers/texts and strategies, Michael Jackson’s (2005) work on being, agency and intersubjectivity, as well as Bayart’s (1993) ‘politics of the belly’, this thesis explores some of the complex cultural and social-psychological strategies that urban populations in Malabo have developed in order to create, sustain and protect the integrity of their social selves while living in inherently oppressive environments. People’s means of personhood negotiation are observed through contemporary systems of beliefs, narratives and practices. I suggest that negotiations are products of, but also preconditions for, the existence of a social apparatus and the integrity of the selves moving within its discursive boundaries. Consequently, Equatoguineans’ strategies for self-making are seen as potentially responsible for reproducing a destructive status quo. This idea is further developed through the concept of lateral struggle, a form of social violence alternative to top-down flows which builds on sociality as culturally calibrated forms of symbolic interaction between selves constructed in a zero sum fashion. The dynamics of lateral struggles are illustrated through ethnographic data on what people phrase as el Guineano’s innate ‘rebelliousness’, which in turn visibilizes processes of collective self-making and the verbalization of negative national stereotypes. Possibilities for the rise of more positive types of personhood based on a habitual splitting of individual self from national other are explored. Finally, a brief assessment of how such splitting could be hindering people from collectively writing a ‘homeland’ is made.

  • 43.
    Cakinel, Hande
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    One Nation, One Discourse: A Study of Nationalization and National Identity Formation in Two Syriac Ethno-religious Communities in Turkey2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the nationalist approach, which has been effective bothin state policies and public discourses in Turkey with the purpose ofunderstanding the effects of nationalization process of Turkish Republicand national identity formation in Turkey on Syriac individuals fromdifferent generations in the Tur Abdin area and the Syriac communitymembers in Istanbul, Turkey.This project is based on a historical research and two months of fieldworkin the area of Tur Abdin and in Istanbul, Turkey among Syriac communitymembers showing that nationalistic discourse appears as the basic motivefor suppressive, exclusive and discriminative political implementations andpolicies while creating legitimacy for them. The project further argues thatthe leading doctrine that shapes the ruling elites’ actions in this era appearsas ‘a unified scheme of formation that is based on one nation, one languageas Turkish and one religion as Islam’ that results in elimination andoppression of Syriac people. While the ruling elites have been trying toimpose national homogeneity on people and infuse identification with theTurkish nation through the ideology of nationalism, the process resulted inSyriac people’s disconnection from their language, history and memories intime. It also shows that the Turkish Republic’s nationalization process iscomposed of different time periods and political administrations showingcomplementary characteristics and a sense of continuity regarding theirideological framework, as well as their political and economicalimplementations. The policies on the nationalization process in the earlyyears of the Republic carry traces of the preceding understandings, as wellas policies, whereas they are also followed by the subsequentadministrations.

  • 44.
    Campanella, Mariapia Rosa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    The proof is in the pudding/steak: Halal food consumption, moral overtones and re-negotiation of categories among Muslim believers in Stockholm County2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of my thesis is showing how consumers who live in Stockholm County deal with the daily practice of halal food providing. I then analyse the main contradiction that emerges from my research, meaning the opposition between those who by ‘halal’ and those who do not. I propose an investigation of halal consumption or ‘non-consumption’ through the lens of economic processes, responsibility, (re)negotiation of food categories, gender roles, food morality, urban space and feedback systems.

    My aim is to demonstrate how ‘halal’ does not configure as a single category, but a group of categories which is intimately connected to the idea of the consumer to do ‘the right thing’. This ‘right thing’ is not necessarily following all the rules ‘according to the cook book’, but rather interpret the rules in order to ensure the welfare of the loved ones, economically, spiritually and physically. Besides, I will observe the other side of the coin, analysing the role of the food seller, who is included in the moral system which requires him to do the right thing too (not deceive the customer, be a good Muslim, ensure a good quality of the food, keep the prices low).

  • 45.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Sivaramakrishnan, KalyanakrishnanYale University.
    Ecological Nationalisms: Nature, Livelihoods, and Identities in South Asia2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The works presented in this collection take environmental scholarship in South Asia into novel territory by exploring how questions of national identity become entangled with environmental concerns in Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, and India. The essays provide insight into the motivations of colonial and national governments in controlling or managing nature, and bring into fresh perspective the different kinds of regional political conflicts that invoke nationalist sentiment through claims on nature. In doing all this, the volume also offers new ways to think about nationalism and, more specifically, nationalism in South Asia from the vantage point of interdisciplinary environmental studies. The contributors to this innovative volume show that manifestations of nationalism have long and complex histories in South Asia. Terrestrial entities, imagined in terms of dense ecological networks of relationships, have often been the space or reference point for national aspirations, as shared memories of Mother Nature or appropriated economic, political, and religious geographies. In recent times, different groups in South Asia have claimed and appropriated ancient landscapes and territories for the purpose of locating and justifying a specific and utopian version of nation by linking its origin to their nature-mediated attachments to these landscapes. The topics covered include forests, agriculture, marine fisheries, parks, sacred landscapes, property rights, trade, and economic development. Gunnel Cederlof is associate professor of history, Uppsala University, Sweden. K. Sivaramakrishnan is professor of anthropology and international studies and director of the South Asia Center, Jackson School of International Studies, at the University of Washington. The other contributors are Nina Bhatt, Vinita Damodaran, Claude A. Garcia, Urs Geiser, Goetz Hoeppe, Bengt G. Karlsson, Antje Linkenbach, Wolfgang Mey, Kathleen D. Morrison, J. P. Pascal, and Sarah Southwold-Llewellyn.

  • 46.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Sivaramakrishnan, KalyanakrishnanYale University.
    Ecological Nationalisms: Nature, Livelihoods, and Identities in South Asia2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The works presented in this collection take environmental scholarship in South Asia into novel territory by exploring how questions of national identity become entangled with environmental concerns in Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, and India. The essays provide insight into the motivations of colonial and national governments in controlling or managing nature, and bring into fresh perspective the different kinds of regional political conflicts that invoke nationalist sentiment through claims on nature. In doing all this, the volume also offers new ways to think about nationalism and, more specifically, nationalism in South Asia from the vantage point of interdisciplinary environmental studies. The contributors to this innovative volume show that manifestations of nationalism have long and complex histories in South Asia. Terrestrial entities, imagined in terms of dense ecological networks of relationships, have often been the space or reference point for national aspirations, as shared memories of Mother Nature or appropriated economic, political, and religious geographies. In recent times, different groups in South Asia have claimed and appropriated ancient landscapes and territories for the purpose of locating and justifying a specific and utopian version of nation by linking its origin to their nature-mediated attachments to these landscapes. The topics covered include forests, agriculture, marine fisheries, parks, sacred landscapes, property rights, trade, and economic development. Gunnel Cederlof is associate professor of history, Uppsala University, Sweden. K. Sivaramakrishnan is professor of anthropology and international studies and director of the South Asia Center, Jackson School of International Studies, at the University of Washington. The other contributors are Nina Bhatt, Vinita Damodaran, Claude A. Garcia, Urs Geiser, Goetz Hoeppe, Bengt G. Karlsson, Antje Linkenbach, Wolfgang Mey, Kathleen D. Morrison, J. P. Pascal, and Sarah Southwold-Llewellyn.

  • 47. Christensen, Maya
    et al.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Mercenaries of democracy: The 'Politricks' of remobilized combatants in the 2007 general elections, Sierra Leone2008In: African Affairs, ISSN 0001-9909, E-ISSN 1468-2621, Vol. 107, no 429, p. 515-539Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2007 general elections in Sierra Leone marked a decisive moment in the country's post-war recovery. In this article we show how political parties strategically remobilized ex-combatants into 'security squads' in order both to protect themselves and to mobilize votes. We look at the tactical and strategic motives behind ex-combatants' choice to join the political campaigning and the alternatives (such as 'watermelon politics'), and we also examine the deep distrust between politicians and ex-combatants. Focusing on politics as the domestication of violence, we shed light on the continuation of pre-war and war-time mobilization of youth into politics and demonstrate how electoral moments can legitimize violence. In hindsight, the 2007 elections strengthened the democratic process in Sierra Leone, but this article shows on what fragile ground this success was built.

  • 48.
    Christiansen, Catrine
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Vigh, Henrik
    Youth(e)scapes: introduction2006In: Navigating youth - generating adulthood: social becoming in an African context / [ed] Christiansen C, Utas M, Vigh H, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Christiansen, Catrine
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, MatsNordiska Afrikainstitutet.Vigh, Henrik E.
    Navigating youth, generating adulthood: social becoming in an African context2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book focuses on the lives and experiences of young people in Africa. On agents who, willingly or unwillingly, see themselves as belonging to the socio-generational category of youth and the ways in which they seek to shape and unfold their lives in a positive manner. Rather than seeing youth as either a social or cultural entity in itself, or as a predefined life-stage, the book argues for an exploration of how youth position themselves and are positioned within generational categories. In studying young people, social scientists must conceptualise youth as both social being and social becoming; a position in movement. It is from the duality of being positioned and seeking one's own socio-generational position that this book engages in the debate on contemporary African youth.

  • 50.
    Cook, Sian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The Return of Remains: How Can Dignity Be Better Safeguarded?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis argues that the return of remains deserves greater attention in humanitarian action. When remains are returned in an undignified manner, or not at all, this can harm the deceased person’s family and provoke the surrounding community. The inability to return remains has a significant impact on the deceased’s family. A conceptual framework – using concepts of posthumous dignity, boundary objects and moral injury – is outlined in this thesis. An extensive literature review was conducted to landmark events and publications regarding human remains and the impact of returning remains to families. After examining a variety of sectors and professions for return-of-remains practices, it has been observed that the way in which remains are returned to families, including what they are interred within and surrounded by, is critical to preventing moral injury and other distress to the families. The thesis also contends that efforts to return remains to families are widely and well received by affected communities; however these efforts require a well-coordinated approach of standardised procedures. Examples of prevailing practices from several professions are used to propose a humanitarian approach for the return of remains to families, with a goal of safeguarding the dignity of the dead and helping families cope with their loss. An analysis of such case material makes possible the formulation of recommendations on how to improve practices in the humanitarian sector. Protecting the dead is a responsibility of the living, and guidance is needed on how to return remains in an appropriate and sensitive manner.

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