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  • 1.
    Adman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Arbetslöshet, arbetsplatsdemokrati och politiskt deltagande2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to test two hypotheses about how work affects political participation. The first concerns unemployment, and states that unemployment has strong and negative effects on political activity. The second hypothesis is found in theories of participatory democracy, and claims that more democratic workplaces lead to more political participation. Existing empirical evidence on both of the hypotheses is not conclusive. Furthermore, studies have mainly been carried out using data collected in the United States. Here empirical tests of the hypotheses are undertaken using a Swedish survey.

    The results confirm the first hypothesis; unemployment has negative effects on political participation. The reasons for these negative effects are that the unemployed become less active in organisational life, fall outside of the recruitment networks where people are being asked to participate in politics, and experience a decrease in income. The second hypothesis is not supported. Workplace participation does not affect political participation, according to the analyses. The results are surprising for both hypotheses, and contradict previous empirical findings. The differences in results are likely due to differences in research design and differences in approaches to analysing political participation. Previous studies are inadequate in these perspectives, it is maintained.

    The thesis ends with a discussion of the results from the perspective of normative democratic theory. It is argued that the lack of political equality is particularly acute when the low participation among the unemployed is considered.

  • 2.
    Adman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Does workplace experience enhance political participation?: A critical test of a venerable hypothesis2008In: Political Behavior, ISSN 0190-9320, E-ISSN 1573-6687, Vol. 30, no 1, 115-138 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several schools of thought claim that citizens can develop their democratic skills at the workplace. Here I focus on the hypothesis put forward by Carole Pateman and by Sidney Verba and colleagues that state that by practicing civic skills and democratic decision-making at the workplace, citizens become more active in politics. I test the hypothesis with a nationally representative panel survey of the Swedish population. My findings contradict previous empirical research as no impact on political participation was discovered. I argue that the effects may have been overestimated in prior studies because the tests were based on cross-sectional data: insufficient care was taken with a number of significant methodological problems. The study points to the importance of using panel models when investigating the causes of political participation.

  • 3.
    Adman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Skenbar jämställdhet: politiskt deltagande i Sverige2008In: Statsvetare ifrågasätter: uppsalamiljön vid tiden för professorsskiftet den 31 mars 2008, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Strömblad, Per
    Utanför demokratin: D. 3, Resurser för politisk integration2000Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ahlbäck, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ahleniusaffären avslöjade regeringens kluvna tunga1999In: Moderna tider, no 109Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 6.
    Ahlbäck, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att kontrollera staten: Den statliga revisionens roll i den parlamentariska demokratin : [the role of the state audit in a parliamentary democracy]1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The theoretical point of departure in this dissertation is that even though a main thread in classical and modem democratic theory deals with the idea of accountable government, this discussion suffers from two inadequacies. Firstly, in addition to the requisites of accessible knowledge about who is responsible, and the presence of institutional mechanisms for holding someone accountable (e.g. elections), the need for independent information about how government actions are carried out has not been systematically addressed by democratic theorists. Secondly, in the discussion about accountability the relation between citizens and elected officials is one-sidedly put into focus, while the implications for public administration are neglected.

    In this perspective the work of the political institutions assigned to monitor government - e.g. the state performance audit - becomes essential in securing a crucial link in search of public accountability. The credibility of the their assignment depends, however, on their ability of conducting independent audits. The empirical investigation focuses on whether the Parliamentary Auditors and the National Audit Office (NAO) in Sweden carry out their performance audits without undue involvement from the political sphere and the audited entity. Four performance audits are closely scrutinized by means of interviews and the study of official and unofficial documents and records. According to the analytical model independence implies that the auditing institution should not be obliged to carry out, modify or refrain from carrying out, an audit or suppress or modify audit findings, conclusions and recommendations.

    Contrary to common belief, the results reveal that the politically appointed Parliamentary Auditors are carrying out their audits independently, while the NAO is operating with a far-reaching and integrity damaging sensitivity towards the Ministries, and, in one of the cases, the audited entity. The flip-side of the Parliamentary Auditors' independence is, however, the systematic lack of interest shown by Parliament in taking in the results of the audit reports.

  • 7.
    Ahlbäck, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Revisionen skall vara oberoende2000In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet 2000-11-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Ahlbäck, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Riksdagen: Politikermakt eller tjänstemannavälde?1994In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 97, no 2, 113-139 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Framväxten av granskningssamhället: En fråga i författningspolitisk skugga2010In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 5, 501-514 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Förvaltning och revision2008In: Svensk författningspolitik / [ed] Ingvar Mattson & Olof Petersson, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2008, 2, 153-168 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Förvaltningen2015In: Svensk författningspolitik / [ed] Ingvar Mattson & Olof Petersson, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2015, 4, 164-181 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Högskolepolitiken saknar stöd i forskningen2016In: Tidskriften Respons, ISSN 2001-2292, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots kritik från forskning och ett ökat politiskt motstånd fortsätter management-idéer att fortplanta sig inom högskolepolitiken. I Responsgranskning av denna akademiska företagskultur skriver statsvetaren Shirin Ahlbäck Öberg om hur svenska högskoleledningar vill ha mer centralstyrning enligt praxis från näringslivet.

  • 13.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kollegialitet och linjestyre: oförenliga roller eller nödvändig dualism?2014In: Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten vid Uppsala universitet 50 år, 1964–2014 / [ed] Mattias Bolkéus Blom och Lars Magnusson, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014, 123-134 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    På väg mot publikdemokrati2009In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 2, 4-8 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rewards for High Public Office in Sweden2012In: Rewards for High Public Office in Europe and North America / [ed] Marleen Brans & B. Guy Peters, New York: Routledge, 2012, 174-189 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Section 2: Constitutional Design: Introduction2015In: The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics / [ed] Jon Pierre, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the number of fundamental laws as well as, for example, the length of the Instrument of Government (Regeringsformen) (194 articles), the impression might be that constitutional principles are of great importance in Swedish political life. However, references to such principles are very uncommon in legal rulings or in the public debate. The Swedish political culture is best described as pragmatic and consensual, where the government’s ability to take action—for example, securing various welfare state policies—has been given deliberate precedence over constitutional ideas that focus on limiting government under higher law. The fact that a section on constitutional design in a handbook on Swedish politics is preceded by a section on the politics of the welfare state is a perfect reflection of this reality.

     

    From a constitutional design perspective, Sweden is an interesting case. During the previous IG of 1809, which was based on the principle of separation of powers, comprehensive changes in the practice of government were made without any corresponding amendments of the IG itself. The most noteworthy of these changes were the introduction of universal suffrage for men and women, parliamentarism, and the abolition of the Parliament of the Four Estates, which was replaced by a bicameral system. All these fundamental changes were made in slightly more than 100 years, without any corresponding amendments or changes to the 1809 IG (which was the second oldest constitution in the world). This certainly raises questions on the elasticity of the constitution, that is, the significance of constitutional rules for political practice in the Swedish setting. The foregoing changes were in effect by 1921, but the IG was not completely rewritten to reflect the true form of government until 1974—a fact that has led constitutional experts to talk about the period of 1921–1974 as “the constitution-less half-century” (Sterzel 2009: 18f). Despite this radical and needed revision of the IG in the 1970s, the contributions in this section will reveal that a weak constitutional culture still prevails in Sweden. For example, when Sweden joined the European Union in 1995, the constitutional adjustments were kept as small and as technical as possible.

  • 17.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bringselius, Louise
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    The New NAO in Sweden: The Deprofessionalization of the Performance Auditor2010In: Workshop: Dysfunktioner i statsapparaten / [ed] Bo Rothstein, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Svensk elitstyrning skapar maktlöshet2002In: DN debatt 2002-11-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörns högskola.
    The Influence of National Parliaments over Domestic European Union Policies2009In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 32, no 4, 359-381 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we present survey results on the Swedish and Finnish parliamentarians' perceived influence over domestic decision-making in EU-matters. In the literature the parliaments in Sweden and Finland are classified as powerful parliaments that can exert considerable influence in the domestic EU policy-making. Moreover, Finland and Sweden joined the EU at the same time. Therefore the overall expectation is that the parliaments should be equally powerful. However, the results from our survey indicate a significant difference in perceived influence between the two parliaments. It is obvious that the Swedish parliamentarians perceive themselves as more marginalized in relation to the Government than the Finnish parliamentarians. After having tried different explanations we conclude that the differences can be ascribed to the parliaments' different organisational set-ups for the oversight of the Government.

  • 20.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sundberg, Elin
    Vad har hänt med det kollegiala styret?2017In: Det ostyrda universitetet?: Perspektiv på styrning, autonomi och reform av svenska lärosäten / [ed] Linda Wedlin & Josef Pallas, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2017, 1, 91-119 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Widmalm, Sten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att göra rätt - även när ingen ser på2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 1, 7-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Wockelberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Government Steering over Two Decades: A Large-N comparison2016In: RC27 Structure and Organization of Government: Panel:  RC27.05 Out of Control or over Controlled? Incentives, Audits and New Public Management, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The post-NPM debate on government control of state authorities is un-decisive in both problem description and in terms of suggested remedies. ‘Wicked problems’ are said to call for re-integration of state executives, and for enhanced government control in order to increase coordination between public organizations. At the same time, excessive (performance) control is accused of posing a threat to professionalism in the public sector and to its problem solving capacity. In this paper we build upon Verhoest et al’s (2004) suggestion that we need to treat autonomy as a multi-dimensional phenomenon and argue the importance of adopting a nuanced analytical perspective on issues of too much or too little control. Using a unique data set containing information on nearly 20 years of governmental steering as this is expressed in yearly appropriation direction documents (N=1330) issued by the Swedish government, we a) map out how the government’s demand for performance information has developed over time, and b) as we treat performance information demands as one out of many policy instruments in a government’s toolbox we also look for specific and stable combinations of different policy instruments (represented by autonomy dimensions). Our findings show that the number of performance information indicators requested from governments in appropriation direction-documents have on a general level decreased over time. From our bivariate and multivariate analyses we have shown that any government’s inclination to e.g. demand less performance information from its state agencies in general comes with a less autonomous management model for the state agency.

  • 23.
    Albers, Jorick
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    European identity through ‘thick’ and ‘thin’: Normative theory and the challenge of diversity2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Från katekestvång till religionsfrihet: debatten om religionsundervisningen i skolan under 1900-talet1975Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Grundläggande rättigheter eller handelshinder?: Den svenska debatten om EU, föreningsfriheten och rätten till fackliga stridsåtgärder2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies.
    Difang renda, liyi jituan yu fazhi de fazhan (Local people's congresses. interests groups and the development of rule of law)2008In: Zhongguo minzhu de zhidu jiegou (Systemand structure of China's democracy), Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe , 2008, 22-33 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I discuss how China’s local legislatures, the local people’s congresses, can facilitate the development of rule of law in China. Rule by law and rule of law are perceived here as being a difference in degree, where rule of law increases as more organized groups in society can use the law to pursue their interest. The difference between China’s legislatures and legislatures in liberal democracies can be found not so much in the power functions and voting behavior of the legislators, as in the extent to which legislators are collectively organized and represent organized interest. While legislative reform can improve governance and the efficiency of the legislative system, it is when the legislature is used an instrument for different interests in society that it becomes a strengthener of the rule of law.

  • 27.
    Almén, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Local participatory innovations and experts as political entrepreneurs:: The case of China’s democracy consultants2016In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 23, no 3, 478-497 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is concerned with understanding the dynamic behind participatory innovations in China. The case of China provides a contrast to the literature on participatory innovations in democracies. While participatory innovations in democratic countries are seen as a way to deepen and improve democracy, in China these innovations are to some extent developed in order to provide an alternative to electoral democracy. In this article I introduce the concept democracy consultant to describe expert political entrepreneurs involved in the development of participatory innovations. Research on local participatory innovation in China is abundant but the role that experts play in this process has previously not been analysed. Based on in-depth interviews with democracy consultants and local officials, the study finds that democracy consultants frequently act as bridges between central and local levels of government by providing expertise, information, legitimacy, and connections. This is especially true in localities where local leaders want to gain the attention of the central level but lack the required expertise and connections.

  • 28.
    Amnå, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Planhushållning i den offentliga sektorn?: budgetdialogen mellan regering och förvaltning under efterkrigstiden1981Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Youth & Society.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    A Political Science Perspective on Socialization Research: Young Nordic Citizens in a Comparative Light2010In: Handbook of Research on Civic Engagement in Youth / [ed] Lonnie R. Sherrod, Judith Torney-Purta, Constance A. Flanagan, Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2010, 43-65 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Andersson, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Yttrandefrihetens dilemman: Debatten om hetspropaganda, mediekoncentration samt personlig integritet mellan 1940- och 2000-tal2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on different types of value conflicts that have been actualized by proposals of legislation on freedom of speech. The thesis analyses three different debates which each relate to a different type of value conflict. An important objective of the study is to discern what fundamental values underlie the concern for upholding freedom of speech in a democratic society. Those fundamental values have been formulated as three type-arguments: the argument from democracy, the argument from truth, and the argument from autonomy respectively.

    The first type of free speech dilemma is represented by the debate around a legal clause on the prohibition of racist hate speech. The second type of free speech dilemma is illustrated by the debate on the concentration of the Swedish media. The third type of dilemma concerns the conflict between the law against the spreading of information regarding the individual on the Internet, and the constitutional right of information.

    The findings of the thesis includes that the argument from democracy has been the most prominently invoked in the debates. However, most often the argument from democracy is used in a rather unprecise manner, and there occurs a quite frequent conflation of the concept of democracy with several other values considered important, e.g. the right not to be discriminated against. The prospects of finding a “unified” free speech theory in which all the type-arguments for free speech can be brought together does not seem good. The arguments for free speech are interdependent and can be ultimately assessed only in the context of a broader theory of the democratic system. Here it is argued that the theory of “deliberative democracy” in comparison with rival conceptions of democracy offers some valuable tools for a better interpretation of the conception of the right to free speech in a democratic system.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Jan Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. European Union Inst Secur Studies, Paris, France.;Old Dominion Univ, Grad Program Int Studies, Norfolk, VA USA.;Univ Stockholm, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Swedish Natl Def Coll, Stockholm, Sweden..
    The Race To The Bottom: Submarine Proliferation and International Security2015In: NAVAL WAR COLLEGE REVIEW, ISSN 0028-1484, Vol. 68, no 1, 13-29 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    Svenska dagbladet och det politiska livet 1897-19181952Book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Andrén, Georg
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Den unge Churchill1972Book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Andrén, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    Den klassiska parlamentarismens genombrott i England1947Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Arnfred, Signe
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Cheru, Fantu
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Hammar, Amanda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Kamete, Amin Y.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Lourenco-Lindell, Ilda
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Myhre, Knut Christian
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Ngangjoh Hodu, Yenkong
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Obi, Cyril I.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Oinas, Elina
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Palmberg, Mai
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Thorsen, Dorte
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Re-thinking Africa: A Contribution to the Swedish Government White Paper on Africa2007Report (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    New form of social ties through communicating in social media (Sosharu media ga tukuru atarashii kizuna no katachi)2012In: Information and Management  64th Conferenceedings Spring / [ed] Japan Society for Information and Management, 2012, 141-144 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Asai, Ryoko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Regulation of potentially harmful contents on minors2012In: Equity, integrity and beauty in information law and ethics / [ed] Maria Botti, Kerkyra, Greece: Ionian Academy , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In democratic societies, freedom of expression is the indispensable right and duty of citizens. Although there are a few exceptions, it is generally considered that governments should not intervene and regulate this right. Both in digital and analog environments, sexual and violent descriptions are usually regulated by self-censorship of participants. However, trying to protect minors from potentially harmful contents by controlling and regulating them is very difficult. The definition of what is “potentially harmful contents on minors” varies depending on the values and on the culture of each social group. Moreover, along with the rapid spread of mobile phones and smartphones, it becomes more difficult for parents and teachers to control children’s access to harmful contents; something that might have been easier regarding the use of personal computers. Access to the Internet provides huge opportunities not only of visiting websites but also of participating in online communication such as Social Networking Service (SNS). An incredible surge of SNS evokes some issues in considering juvenile access to SNS, categorized roughly into three types. One is the very old and new problem in accessing the Internet, which is how to shield minors from harmful contents. Second is how to block inappropriate contact with a pedophile. Third is cyber bullying. SNS is a very new medium and its market and technology are evolving drastically and are constantly changing. Thus the agent of taking the lead in making and enforcing rules or self-regulation is still absent. Additionally, SNS services utilize the function of social graph actively, and third parties can provide contents and applications using open API. In response to these situations, European Commission implemented Safer Social Networking Principle for the EU, and United States released the guideline for SNS users and worked on SNS companies and users to promote voluntary efforts for using SNS properly. In Japan, mobile contents companies built the Content Evaluation and Monitoring Association (EMA) as a voluntary reviewing entity. However those measures don’t include any severe legal penalty. Those remain self-regulation relying on voluntary activities of private sectors. On the other hand, self-regulation itself is regulated by laws, social norms, market conditions and technological architectures. In this paper we discuss the conditions of regulation and self-regulation, and we explore some ideas about what would be the best way to regulate SNS.

  • 38.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    19. The historical breakthrough of democracy2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, 285-289 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    22. The civil society: parties and associations2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, 300-307 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Järve, Priit
    Estonian Academy of Science, Tallinn, Estonia.
    21. Territorial power distribution2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, 296-299 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Assarson, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hadenius, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Nousiainen, Jaakko
    Turku University, Finland.
    20. The structures of representative government2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, 290-295 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42. Auth, Diana
    et al.
    Martinek, Hanne
    Social Investment or Gender Equality?: Aims, Instruments and Outcomes of Parental Leave Regulations in Germany and Sweden2016In: Gender and Family in European Economic Policy: Developments in the New Millenium / [ed] Auth, Diana/Hergenhan, Jutta/Holland-Cunz Barbara, Houndmills/Basingstoke/Hampshire/New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Auyeh, Mose
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Comparing No-Party Participatory Regimes: Why Uganda Succeeded and Others Failed2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this dissertation is to evaluate the performance of the no-party participatory regime (NPPR) model in a few selected countries. Such a regime, it was claimed, would give rise to a real and true democracy, would serve the people better, and would protect them against what many leaders saw as divisive party politics.

    This study investigates the extent to which these no-party participatory regimes were able, through mass institutions of mobilisation and participation, to involve people in public affairs, to capture the popular will, to promote people’s power, and to serve the population in at least a fairly efficient and effective way. More precisely, the study seeks to evaluate how responsive and effective the rule of regimes in Uganda, Pakistan, Libya and Ghana actually was, and to elucidate how the performance of said regimes was linked to a measure of legitimacy and stability. With regard to the main case, that of Uganda, the purpose of the book is to assess—by examining the performance of the Movement Regime Project (i.e., the system of reformed local government based on local councils)—the degree to which the stated goal of responsive and effective rule was achieved. The regimes in the historical cases (Pakistan, Libya, and Ghana) varied in how they performed against this model, but all of them chalked up a history of failed projects. The regimes in question simply became dictatorial; indeed, it is to such an outcome that the model has historically gravitated. Uganda, however, is a unique exception. The Movement project managed fairly well, at least up to 2005, to achieve responsiveness, a degree of effectiveness, legitimacy, and stability. To become fully democratic, however, it needs to take radical steps—above and beyond what it does today—in the furtherance of political freedom.

  • 44.
    Avenäs, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Why the bear kicked the hornet’s nest: Causal processes of Russian foreign policy on Syria2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines causal mechanisms of the process leading up to the Russian military intervention in Syria that began in September 2015. It aims to concretize the causal processes of three different hypotheses that are based on commonplace assumptions of Russian foreign policy on Syria. It thoroughly explores three different causal paths, mapping events that may have had implications to the apparent change of heart within the Russian leadership. The paper analyses the relevance of these processes through a rational choice theory framework. 

  • 45.
    Avetisova, Anastasia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Brexit, Donald Trump and the Populist Upsurge: A comparative analysis of Brexit Leave Campaign & Trump’s Presidential Campaign based on Mudde’s Minimal Definition of Populism.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recent upsurge of electoral success from the Brexit Leave campaign and Donald Trump’s presidential campaign 2016, confirm that populist politics has taken a greater role in Europe and in the U.S. The purpose of this research is to see to what extent each of the two campaigns are populist, and whether their statements are similar to each other. This will increase further knowledge about the populist phenomenon and its complexity. Hence, comparative analyses of six speeches from Brexit’s Leave campaign and Trump’s presidential campaign have been conducted through the framework of Mudde’s minimal definition of populism. The results show that both campaigns have populist features and that they have some commonalities, but still vary in the details, due to the countries’ historical, social and economic backgrounds. The two campaigns’ representatives are using similar populist strategies in order to reach their audiences. It is further recommended to expand this research and examine Trump’s presidency and its impacts with the UK’s process of leaving and its outcomes, which will provide a further understanding of the populist upsurge as well as its consequences.

  • 46.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rättvisa och demokrati: Om prioriteringar i sjukvården : [rationing health care resources]1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation focuses on the growing problem of allocating scarce health care resources inmodem societies. There are several factors which have contributed to the aggravation of thisproblem. The most important is the success. of medical science and technology combined withthe increased longevity of the population, Two issues are raised by these concomitant developments: How should scarce health care resources be allocated? Who should have the authority to do so? These question arc analysed in terms of the core philosophical concepts of justice and democracy.

    Should we be held responsible for our life styles, and is age a justifiable criterion in theselective allocation of health care? These are seen as the two most important aspects when theissue of justice is addressed, particularly in view of the fact that the official Swedish standpoint is that these are not legitimate criteria in this context, whereas both ordinary citizens,politicians and health care personnel on the whole tend to think that they are. At the same time age and personal responsibility are two of the most problematic issues within the current politico-philosophical debate on justice.

    Three fundamental theories of justice are discussed: utilitarianism, Rawlsian rights theories and perfectionism (the latter also including communitarianism). It is shown in the study that the criteria of both age and of personal responsibility can be justified `irrespective of the theory chosen. What are the consequences of this?

    Even though there is no indisputable answer to the question of justice, the possibility ofreasoned argumentation remains. What is needed within this context are institutions supporting the intersubjectivity of both medical and normative discourses of knowledge. Finally, it isargued that only medical doctors can decide on the allocation of scarce health care resources.This responsibility cannot be evaded by introducing randomness to the decision-making process or otherwise rejecting the possibility of reasoned argumentation.

  • 47. Baeck, Hanna
    et al.
    Dumont, Patrick
    Meier, Henk Erik
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vernby, Kåre
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Does European Integration Lead to a 'Presidentialization' of Executive Politics?: Ministerial Selection in Swedish Postwar Cabinets2009In: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757, Vol. 10, no 2, 226-252 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we address recent claims that executive legislative relations in parliamentary democracies are undergoing important changes owing to either a 'presidentialization' or a 'Europeanization' of domestic political systems. Therefore, we test empirically whether parliamentary democracies are indeed experiencing changes in executive-legislative relations and whether these developments can, in part, be explained by an increase in European integration. Using data on ministerial selection in Swedish cabinets during the years 1952-2006, we find that there appears to be a slight tendency towards 'presidentialization', which is indicated by a decrease in ministers with a parliamentary background being appointed, and that there exists some support for the notion that Sweden's political and economic integration into the European Union is part of the explanation for this change.

  • 48. Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Mårtensson, MoaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Oxelheim, LarsPersson, ThomasUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The EU's Role in Fighting Global Imbalances2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU’s Role in Fighting Global Imbalances looks at the role of the European Union in addressing some of the greatest challenges of our time: poverty, protectionism, climate change, and human trafficking. Contributions from ten leading scholars in the fields of economics, law, and political science provide in-depth analyses of three key dimensions of EU foreign policy, namely: the internal challenges facing the EU, as its 28 member countries struggle to coordinate their actions; the external challenges facing the EU on the global arena, in areas where global imbalances are particularly pervasive, and where measures taken by the Union can have an important impact; and the EU´s performance on the global arena, in the eyes of other key actors. Based on a broad and interdisciplinary understanding of the concept of global imbalances, this book argues that these challenges follow from pervasive global imbalances, which at root are economic, political, and legal in character.

    Contributions from ten leading scholars in the fields of economics, law, and political science provide in-depth analyses of three key dimensions of EU foreign policy, namely: the internal challenges facing the EU, as its 28 member countries struggle to coordinate their actions; the external challenges facing the EU on the global arena, in areas where global imbalances are particularly pervasive, and where measures taken by the Union can have an important impact; and the EU´s performance on the global arena, in the eyes of other key actors.

    This policy-oriented, interdisciplinary volume offers real insight into the European Union and its role in global affairs and will appeal to academics and policy-makers alike.

  • 49. Balzacq, Thierry
    et al.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Introduction: 'What kind of theory - if any - is securitization?'2015In: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 29, no 1, 97-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50. Balzacq, Thierry
    et al.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Williams, Michael
    Wæver, Ole
    Patomäki, Heikki
    What kind of theory – if any – is securitization?2015In: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 29, no 1, 96-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the great appeals of securitization theory, and a major reason for its success, has been itsusefulness as a tool for empirical research: an analytic framework capable of practical application.However, the development of securitization has raised several criticisms, the most important ofwhich concern the nature of securitization theory. In fact, the appropriate methods, the researchpuzzles and type of evidence accepted all derive to a great extent from the kind of theory scholarsbequeath their faith to. This Forum addresses the following questions: What type of theory (ifany) is securitization? How many kinds of theories of securitization do we have? How can thedifferences between theories of securitization be drawn? What is the status of exceptionalismwithin securitization theories, and what difference does it make to their understandings of therelationship between security and politics? Finally, if securitization commands that leaders act nowbefore it is too late, what status has temporality therein? Is temporality enabling securitization toabsorb risk analysis or does it expose its inherent theoretical limits?

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