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  • 1.
    Alami, Ilias
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Ten theses on the new state capitalism and its futures2023Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 55, nr 3, s. 764-769Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Global capitalism is currently experiencing a turbulent and polymorphous (geo)political reordering, encompassing multiple transformations in the landscapes of state intervention, and a drastic reconfiguration of the state's role as promoter, supervisor and owner of capital across the world economy. Can the concept of state capitalism aid us in grasping these transformations conceptually? My answer is yes, with the proviso that state capitalism is neither conceptualised as a national (or regional) variety of capitalism, nor as a new regime of accumulation, but as a flexible means of problematising this historic arc in the trajectories of state intervention. Based on this approach, I offer in this essay ten theses on the new state capitalism, its roots in the dynamics of capital accumulation, its relations to broader material conflicts and its potential futures.

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  • 2.
    Alami, Ilias
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The spiral of state capitalism: labour transformations or the 'whip of external necessity'?2023Ingår i: Global Political Economy, E-ISSN 2635-2257, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 17-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article opens a conversation between uneven and combined development (U&CD) and state capitalism studies. It reflects on the potential of U&CD to answer the following questions: why has there been an aggregate expansion of the state’s role as promoter, supervisor and owner of capital across the world capitalist economy since the turn of the millennium, and why has this taken an uneven and combined form? I argue that U&CD as an evolving research programme holds great potential in creatively expanding the study of state capitalism and its multi-scalar geographies. It is particularly well positioned to help us elucidate the multilinear and interactive character of present-day state capitalism. U&CD’s heuristics of ‘societal multiplicity’, ‘combination’ and ‘hybridisation’ can help us trace the combinatorial dynamics which result in the cumulative expansion of state prerogatives and their cascading impacts across policy realms and geographic space. Yet the causal mechanisms identified by U&CD (the ‘whip of external necessity’, ‘the privilege of historic backwardness’ and ‘the simultaneity of the non-simultaneous’) are unable to grasp contemporary state capitalist transformations in their historical and geographical fullness, notably due to a tendency to misread spatial unevenness as temporal dislocation. Theorising state capitalism requires that we examine the role of multiple and interacting capitalist states in politically mediating historically determinate transformations in the capitalist labour process, and their ramifications in terms of the temporal and geographical dynamics of value production and circulation. Thus, looking at U&CD from the perspective of the new state capitalism reveals both its analytical strengths and limitations for GPE.

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  • 3.
    Alami, Ilias
    et al.
    Department of Society Studies, Maastricht University, 6211 SZ Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Dixon, Adam D.
    Department of Society Studies, Maastricht University, 6211 SZ Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    "Expropriation of Capitalist by State Capitalist": Organizational Change and the Centralization of Capital as State Property2022Ingår i: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 98, nr 4, s. 303-326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    State enterprises, sovereign funds, and other state–capital hybrids have become major engines of global capitalism. How can we explain their global rise and organizational transformation into increasingly sophisticated and globally competitive forms? Why do they increasingly emulate the practices and organizational goals of comparable private-sector entities, adopt the techniques of modern finance, resort to mixed ownership, and extend their operations across geographic space? After critically engaging with arguments that emphasize the role of firm strategies, developmentalist logics, financialized norms, and Polanyian double movements, we develop an explanatory model of organizational change grounded in historic–geographic materialism and economic geographies of the firm. We locate the expansion of state ownership (the role of states as owners) in the historic development and geographic remaking of global capitalism and, in particular, the emergence of a new constellation of international divisions of labor. This created the conditions for a massive round of centralization of capital as state property (the mass of capital controlled by states) since the early 2000s. The modern, marketized, globally spread state–capital hybrid emerged as an organizational fix to mediate the geographic contradictions and imperatives associated with this process. Purposive organizational adaption consisted in developing new skills, operational capabilities, and mixed-ownership structures in order to leverage the financial system, allow for the development of liquid forms of state property, and facilitate the expansion of the latter into global circuits of capital. As such, the article contributes to debates on the role of the state in global value chains, the firm-state nexus, and state capitalism.

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  • 4.
    Alami, Ilias
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Guermond, Vincent
    Department of Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London, London, UK.
    The color of money at the financial frontier2023Ingår i: Review of International Political Economy, ISSN 0969-2290, E-ISSN 1466-4526, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 1073-1097Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes up recent calls to further problematize race in international political economy by focusing on money at the frontier of global finance. We draw upon the Black radical tradition’s theoretical formulations of racial capitalism, which we bring into dialogue with conceptualizations of money and finance as developed within the critique of political economy. Money is the most supreme and abstract incarnation of wealth and class power, yet it is also suffused with racial and colonial logics of differentiation. To explore this tension, we offer a relational-comparison of two sites of frontier finance, namely cross-border investment and digital financial inclusion in developing countries. We trace the mechanisms through which race affects the operations of money and finance across these two sites. We argue that racialized difference is mobilized and reproduced at three key moments in the construction of investibility at the financial frontier: (1) the re/making of a development ‘problem’; (2) the construction of racialized ideal-typical financial subjects; and (3) processes of risk valuation and the legitimation of surveillance, discipline, and extraction. This allows us to characterize the color of money at the financial frontier as a particularly potent and violent combination of the abstractive powers of race and money.

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  • 5.
    Alami, Ilias
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Whiteside, Heather
    Department of Political Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.
    Dixon, Adam D
    Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
    Peck, Jamie
    Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    Making space for the new state capitalism, part II: Relationality, spatiotemporality and uneven development2023Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 55, nr 3, s. 621-635Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The theme issue ‘Making Space for the New State Capitalism’ brings together insights from critical economic geography and heterodox political economy through a series of papers published in three installments, each accompanied by an introductory essay written by the guest editors. In this, the second of these introductory commentaries, we explore the consequences of embracing relationality, spatiotemporality and uneven development, together with the second group of papers. Introducing a final group of papers, the third installment will address the challenges and opportunities of thinking conjuncturally.

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  • 6.
    Alderin, Clara
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Made in Ethiopia: Challenges and opportunities in the emerging textile industry in Ethiopia2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 7.
    Alriksson, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Idrott som platsmarknadsföring: En studie av idrottens roll i Växjö kommuns marknadsföringsarbete2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 8.
    Amcoff, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Mohall, Marcus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Waxell, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Detaljhandelns förändrade geografi2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 9.
    Andersson, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Sveriges framtida vinterturism: företags och kommuners anpassningar till klimatförändringarna2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska fjällområdet är välbesökt av både utländska och svenska turister. Kalfjällen och det öppna landskapet utgör en omtyckt vandringsmiljö och de alpina skidområdena har årligen miljontals besökare.

    Klimatförändringarna diskuteras flitigt idag och fjällområdet står inför enförändring. Djur- och växtarter flyttar norrut och kalfjällen växer igen. Den alpina skidsäsongen förväntas bli kortare, vilket får ekonomiska konsekvenser för de berörda verksamheterna. Skistar AB, som är den dominerande aktören inom alpin verksamhet i Norden, ökar ständigt användandet av snökanoner för att säkerställa skidsäsongen. I samband med detta ökar vatten- och energianvändningen och utsläppen. Företaget vill kunna bli ett alternativ för de turister som väntas lämna skidåkningen i Alperna på grund av snöbrist.

    Framtidens klimat kan komma att kräva ännu mer av de alpina verksamheterna och de berörda kommunerna för att behålla en högbesöksfrekvens. Expansionen av områden som till exempel Sälen och Åre är idag enorm, och stora planer finns för ytterliggare utbyggnader för framtiden. För att ha en hållbar utveckling av dessa områden så kan samspelet mellan kommuner och företag handla om att förändra verksamheten så att den blir bättre anpassad till ett framtida klimat.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 10.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Inomföretagshandel: en deskriptiv studie av de gängse ekonomiska modellernas förmåga att förklara inomföretagshandel2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay in economic geography describes what intra-firm trade as a concept is and different ways to determine in which cases trade is to be labeled as intra-firm trade (IFT) or not. The method used by the author is most easily described as descriptive. This method was chosen in order to test if existing theories; classic and neoclassic economics, new trade theory and international business studies, are capable to explain the phenomena of IFT. The theories are tested trough primary and secondary literature but also trough reasoning by the author.

    The conclusion is that the most reasonable way to determine whether trade occurs intra-firm or not, is to decide upon a 5-% rule where it when one part owns 5-% of the voting strength in the other company is to be considered intra-firm trade. This is a conclusion based on several reasons; the strongest one being that a common view on IFT could boost comparative studies as the U.S already collects data based on the 5-% rule.

    Classic and neoclassic economics are incapable of explaining IFT as aprerequisite for these theories is that markets are perfect. IFT can only beexplained by models building on imperfect markets hence new trade theory and international business are more successful in explaining IFT.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 11.
    Andersson, Linda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Det offentliga rummets renässans?: Exemplet Uppsala2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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    ISSN 0283-622X
  • 12.
    André, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Myten om den utarmade stadskärnan: En flerfallstudie om två kommuners upplevda relation mellan stadskärna och externhandel2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper set out with the goal of comparing the perception of inner-city retail’s status with its factual status. A focus has here been made on the city centre’s relationship with external city-centres, due to it often being conceived as one of the primary causes for the stagnation of city-centres. After having conducted six interviews with two municipalities, a summary was made on their views on the status of their own city-centre and the status of Sweden’s city-centres in general. The results were then analysed under the theoretical framework of Amcoff et al (2015), who has proven that Sweden’s current retail geography is more nuanced than a black and white picture of an impoverished city-centre by the hands of external shopping. The comparison led to several conclusions. The foremost being that both municipalities had a more positive outlook on their own city-centre’s relationship with their external retail variants. In fact, elements such as online retail and commutation were viewed as greater challenges than external retail, which was instead firmly regarded as complementary to inner-city retail. Contrastingly, the idea of the city-centres’ impoverishment by external retail seemed to instead ring true on a national scale. Their interpretations on a local scale was therefore more aligned with the literature’s factual description. Consequently, this work has served as fuel to a discussion on the possible existence of “the myth of the impoverished city-centre”.

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  • 13.
    Ashton, Philip
    et al.
    University of Illinois at Chicago.
    Christophers, Brett
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    On arbitration, arbitrage and arbitrariness in financial markets and their governance: Unpacking LIBOR and the LIBOR scandal2015Ingår i: Economy and Society, ISSN 0308-5147, E-ISSN 1469-5766, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 188-217Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Amongst a series of scandals to hit international financial markets in recent years, that surrounding the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) – a highly influential interest rate benchmark – has attracted particularly intense media scrutiny. This paper seeks to push beyond conventional understandings to unpack critically both LIBOR itself and the scandal involving its manipulation by major international banks. Envisioning LIBOR as a commodity beset by inherent contradictions, the paper mobilizes the tropes of arbitration, arbitrage and arbitrariness to illuminate, respectively: the market-making work performed by LIBOR; its role in enabling the transfer of financial risk, most notably when fraudulently manipulated; and the nature of the regulatory prosecution of such manipulation.

  • 14.
    Ashton, Philip
    et al.
    Univ Illinois, Dept Urban Planning & Policy, Chicago, IL 60607 USA.
    Christophers, Brett
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Remaking Mortgage Markets by Remaking Mortgages: US Housing Finance after the Crisis2018Ingår i: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 94, nr 3, s. 238-258Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the post- financial crisis reregulation of US housing finance, focusing on reforms to rein in excessive risk taking and reconstitute the private circulation of mortgage debt. We begin by situating current initiatives-namely, the Dodd-Frank Act of 2010-in a much longer trajectory of attempts to construct a national market for home mortgages. Following the theorization of the economy of qualities by Callon, Meadel, and Rabeharisoa, we argue that a dominant theme throughout has been creating or fixing mortgage markets by performing work on the commodities-the mortgage products-that circulate in them. In light of this history, we argue that Dodd-Frank's primary novelty lies in the way it alters relations between those products and market-supporting institutions, laws, and regulations. We conclude that this shapes a new set of contradictions and conflicts between market liquidity and risk taking, on the one hand, and the original concerns with financial safety and soundness, on the other.

  • 15.
    Axbard, Sebastian
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Income Opportunities and Sea Piracy in Indonesia: Evidence from Satellite Data2016Ingår i: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, ISSN 1945-7782, E-ISSN 1945-7790, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 154-194Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of climatic variation on conflict and crime is well established, but less is known about the mechanism through which this effect operates. This study contributes to the literature by exploiting a new source of exogenous variation in climate to study the effect of fishermen's income opportunities on sea piracy. Using satellite data to construct a monthly measure of local fishing conditions it is found that better income opportunities reduce piracy. A wide range of approaches are employed to ensure that these effects are driven by income opportunities rather than other mechanisms through which climate could affect piracy.

  • 16.
    Back, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Vem bestämmer egentligen?: Om handelsetableringar och kommunal samhällsplanering2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar kommunal samhällsplanering, med fokus på handelsetableringar. Uppsatsen tar avstamp i den utveckling med externalisering och koncentration av detaljhandeln som pågått under de senaste decennierna. Denna utveckling är såväl lokal som regional och har inneburit att detaljhandeln koncentrerats till centralorternas stadskärnor och externa stormarknader. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilken aktör som bestämmer över denna utveckling. De aktörer som undersöks är dagligvaruhandeln och samt kommuner. Från dessa aktörer intervjuas ett antal informanter: etableringschefer på Axfood, Coop och Ica, samt kommunalråd och kommuntjänstemän från Borlänge, Säter och Örnsköldsviks kommuner. Dessutom intervjuas ett antal personer från en lokal intresseförening i Husum. Materialet visar att dagligvaruföretagen är aktiva och trendsättare, medan kommunerna är relativt passiva och försöker klara sig så bra som möjligt utifrån sina förutsättningar. I slutändan finner uppsatsen att det är handeln snarare än kommunerna som bestämmer över utvecklingen med externalisering och koncentration av handel. Detta aktualiserar bland annat frågan om framtida samarbete över kommungränserna i detaljhandelsfrågor kan bli nödvändigt.

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    Vem bestämmer egentligen
  • 17.
    Backvall, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Att prata utan att stigmatisera: platsen som problem i den stigmatiserade staden2022Ingår i: Allas rätt till bostad: Marknadens begränsningar och samhällets ansvar / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Markus Holdo & Emma Holmqvist, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2022, , s. 376s. 177-190Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Bai, Wensong
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen. Zhejiang Univ Technol, Dept Innovat Entrepreneurship & Investment Managem, Hangzhou, Peoples R China.;Dalarna Univ, Sch Technol & Business Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Hilmersson, Mikael
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Business Econ & Law, Dept Business Adm, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Johanson, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen. Dalarna Univ, Sch Technol & Business Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Oliveira, Luis
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Technol & Business Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    SMEs' regional diversification: dynamic patterns and home market institutional determinants2024Ingår i: International Marketing Review, ISSN 0265-1335, E-ISSN 1758-6763, Vol. 41, nr 2, s. 358-385Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The authors seek to advance the understanding of small- and medium-sized enterprise (SME) internationalization at the regional level and examine the role of home market institutions in this process.

    Design/methodology/approach: The authors analyze hypotheses with data from SMEs in five country markets and from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. A cluster analysis establishes the regional diversification patterns (based on regional diversification scope, speed and rhythm) and a multinomial regression tests the effect of home market institutions on their adoption.

    Findings: The results offer a refined picture of SME regional diversification by revealing three patterns: intra-regionally focused firms, late inter-region diversifiers and early inter-region diversifiers. They also suggest that the adoption of these patterns is determined by SMEs' home market institutions.

    Originality/value: The authors develop a nuanced understanding of SME internationalization by building upon and expanding the regionalization rationale in the internationalization patterns literature. Additionally, the authors address the acknowledged, yet rarely investigated, country-level determinants of internationalization patterns.

  • 19.
    Barin, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Sverige banar väg mot kontinenten: Höghastighetsbanor – ett hållbart transportsystem för framtiden2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 20. Barnes, Trevor
    et al.
    Christophers, Brett
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Economic Geography: A Critical Introduction2018Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Bassols Gardella, Narcís
    et al.
    Universitat Rovira i Virgili, España.
    Ovalle Díaz, Andrea Paola
    Rodríguez Hernández, Jenniffer Carolina
    Preferencias de los turistas en hoteles y destinos: una aproximación desde el análisis de contenido y los árboles de decisión: [Tourist preferences in hotels and destinations: an approach based on content analysis and decision trees]2021Ingår i: Investigaciones Turísticas, ISSN 2174-5609, nr 22, s. 121-147Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [es]

    Intentar explicar las preferencias de turistas a la hora de elegir un alojamiento en un destino, y qué elementos son más influyentes en esta decisión, es un tema que ha sido investigado desde diferentes marcos de referencia y con distintas herramientas de campo en los últimos años. El presente artículo se añade a este corpus investigativo analizando las preferencias de los visitantes en las ciudades de Santa Marta y Cartagena de Indias, los dos principales destinos turísticos del Caribe colombiano. En particular, se considera si las valoraciones online de hoteles emitidas por los turistas pueden estar influenciadas por la oferta presente en el destino (atractivos turísticos, ubicación, actividades ofrecidas, restaurantes, playas, etc.) combinadas con las características propias del establecimiento hotelero (servicios ofrecidos, ubicación, precios, categoría del hotel, etc.). Los dos destinos mencionados son estudiados aplicando el modelo de árboles de decisión CHAID, una herramienta frecuentemente usada en ingeniería, pero mucho menos empleado en la gestión de empresas turísticas, a pesar de su innegable utilidad. Los datos levantados para esta investigación provienen de los comentarios online de la plataforma booking.com. Los resultados ofrecen una caracterización relevante de los destinos estudiados y sus visitantes; algunas tendencias conocidas se confirman, pero también se descubren otras latentes. En un plano práctico y de gestión, se pretende demostrar la importancia del uso de herramientas big data para la toma de decisiones de negocio, en particular las basadas en las preferencias de los clientes.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF). Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bostaden som social rättighet: vad betyder det?2022Ingår i: Allas rätt till bostad: Marknadens begränsningar och samhällets ansvar / [ed] Bo Bengtsson; Markus Holdo; Emma Holmqvist, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2022, , s. 376s. 23-36Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 23.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF). Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Holdo, Markus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF). Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Holmqvist, Emma
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF). Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Allas rätt till bostad: introduktion2022Ingår i: Allas rätt till bostad: Marknadens begränsningar och samhällets ansvar / [ed] Bo Bengtsson; Markus Holdo; Emma Holmqvist, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2022, , s. 376s. 11-22Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Holdo, MarkusUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).Holmqvist, EmmaUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Allas rätt till bostad: Marknadens begränsningar och samhällets ansvar2022Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla behöver någonstans att bo. Bostaden är så central för vår välfärd att vi ser den som en mänsklig rättighet. Bostadsfrågan skär in i flera olika politikområden och kan diskuteras från vitt skilda utgångspunkter. Var – och hur – vi bor påverkar i hög grad vårt handlingsutrymme och våra framtidsutsikter. De ojämlika förutsättningarna på bostadsmarknaden är en av de tydligaste klassmarkörerna i dagens Sverige.

    I antologin "Allas rätt till bostad" analyserar 28 bostads- och urbanforskare från olika akademiska discipliner svensk bostadspolitik, dess förutsättningar, historiska utveckling och konkreta resultat. En socialt medveten bostadspolitik behöver inte minst förhålla sig till den växande ojämlikheten i det svenska samhället. Men den bostadspolitik som har förts, med privatiseringar och vinstkrav även på offentligt ägda bolag, har tvärtom fått klyftorna att växa. Hyresrätten är till exempel idag klart missgynnad jämfört med bostadsägandet. Antologins texter diskuterar också – bland mycket annat – den betydelse bostadsbidraget, besittningsskyddet, byggindustrin och barnkonventionen kan ha i ett vidare bostadspolitiskt perspektiv.Bostadspolitiken är en ödesfråga för många människor och för ett demokratiskt samhälle. Antologin visar att  det krävs mer debatt och politisk fantasi och större rättvisa i bostadsfrågan än vi ser i dag.

  • 25.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Kohl, Sebastian
    Max-Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Köln, Germany.
    Incremental Change in Housing Regimes: Some Theoretical Propositions with Empirical Illustrations2020Ingår i: Critical Housing Analysis, E-ISSN 2336-2839, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 15-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The durable structures of housing and housing institutions are often subject to long-term processes of incremental change. Nevertheless, housing studies have largely focused either on static snapshots of policies or, more recently, on the inertia of institutional path dependence, while processes of incremental change have been almost entirely neglected. Political scientists (Streeck/Thelen/Mahoney) have proposed a typology of patterns of incremental institutional change, and this paper explores the applicability of this typology to housing structures and housing institutions. We draw on empirical illustrations from the housing literature to show how five types of change – layering, conversion, displacement, drift, exhaustion – apply to housing structures and institutions. We conclude with some general observations on how the typology can be used in further studies of developments in national housing regimes.

  • 26.
    Berg, Su-Hyun
    University of Kiel.
    Creative Cluster Evolution: The case of the film and TV industries in Seoul, South Korea2015Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, nr 10, s. 1993-2008Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Can the concept of co-evolution help to analyse and explain the dynamics of creative industries? This article tackles the question by investigating the film and TV cluster in Seoul, South Korea. The analysis of the 35 semi-structured interviews confirms the dynamics of the film and TV industries in Korea. First, Hallyu began with the export of Korean TV drama series across East Asia. The state deregulation and neo-liberal reforms during the 1990s in Korea boosted an explosion of the export of the Korean film and TV industry. Second, the core of the film and TV production is concentrated within Seoul, while dispersion of those industries occurred in Gyeong-gi province. Third, from an institutional perspective, tensions between the central government and the film and TV industry can be observed, which have been intensifying since 2006. This paper concludes that particularly co-evolution could potentially be an important concept to explain and analyse dynamics in creative industries.

  • 27.
    Berg, Su-Hyun
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Department of Geography, University of Kiel, Germany.
    Creative Cluster Evolution: The case of the film and TV industries in Seoul, South Korea2015Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, nr 10, s. 1993-2008Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Can the concept of co-evolution help to analyse and explain the dynamics of creative industries? This article tackles the question by investigating the film and TV cluster in Seoul, South Korea. The analysis of the 35 semi-structured interviews confirms the dynamics of the film and TV industries in Korea. First, Hallyu began with the export of Korean TV drama series across East Asia. The state deregulation and neo-liberal reforms during the 1990s in Korea boosted an explosion of the export of the Korean film and TV industry. Second, the core of the film and TV production is concentrated within Seoul, while dispersion of those industries occurred in Gyeong-gi province. Third, from an institutional perspective, tensions between the central government and the film and TV industry can be observed, which have been intensifying since 2006. This paper concludes that particularly co-evolution could potentially be an important concept to explain and analyse dynamics in creative industries.

  • 28.
    Berg, Su-Hyun
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Investigating the multiple roles of production managers in the case of Swedish filmmakingManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the key players and their roles in the network ecology of the Swedish film production. The analysis of the semi-structured interviews and filming site observations highlight the multiple functions of production managers in the case of Swedish filmmaking. First, managers function as investigator of screening trends, fashion and fads. Second, mangers have a bridge builder function building global pipelines in order to find co-production partners. Third, managers have a gatekeeper function as they direct external knowledge sourcing, integrating and diffusing. 

  • 29.
    Berg, Su-Hyun
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Like a wave: Understanding the film and TV industries in Korea and Sweden2016Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral dissertation is concerned with the complex dynamics of knowledge in the South Korean film and TV industry and Swedish filmmaking from a spatiotemporal perspective. The film and TV industries are highly dependent on knowledge and innovation. Production in the film and TV industries usually takes place in the form of projects in which creative professionals form teams for a limited time period to complete creative tasks. Moreover, the film and TV industries are facing rapid and constant changes to work practices, technology, markets and demand. Therefore, the dynamics of knowledge and interactive learning can be an important source of competitive advantages and project success in the film and TV industries. 

    The aim of this thesis is to enhance understanding of knowledge creation and diffusion processes, relationships with institutional settings and the systematic character of business in the film and TV industries. The focus of this thesis is on the production value chain in which many independent production firms are active. It is argued that 1) the film and TV industries and their institutional environments co-evolve; and 2) project-specific knowledge sourcing takes places through local-extra local linkages.

    The case of the Korean film and TV industry indicates that its evolution strongly depends on the setting of the respective institutions and regulations, and on the institutional environments. In addition, it is argued that diverse actors, factors and sectors are involved in the emergence and development of the Korean film and TV industry. The Swedish filmmaking case study examines production processes and ecologies and argues that production managers are the key players in them, and their roles – investigator, bridge builder and gatekeeper – in knowledge creation and diffusion processes are central to this part of the production of film and TV. Exploring two case studies with a focus on the key (f)actors of knowledge creation and diffusion processes has resulted in the view that knowledge-based competencies can be an important source of competitive advantage and project success in high-velocity environments.

    Delarbeten
    1. Creative industries from an evolutionary perspective: A critical literature review
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Creative industries from an evolutionary perspective: A critical literature review
    2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Geography Compass, E-ISSN 1749-8198, Vol. 8, nr 9, s. 653-664Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Nyckelord
    creative industries, co-evolution, evolutionary economic geography
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomisk geografi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240166 (URN)10.1111/gec3.12156 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-06 Skapad: 2015-01-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-10-04Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Creative Cluster Evolution: The case of the film and TV industries in Seoul, South Korea
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Creative Cluster Evolution: The case of the film and TV industries in Seoul, South Korea
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, nr 10, s. 1993-2008Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Can the concept of co-evolution help to analyse and explain the dynamics of creative industries? This article tackles the question by investigating the film and TV cluster in Seoul, South Korea. The analysis of the 35 semi-structured interviews confirms the dynamics of the film and TV industries in Korea. First, Hallyu began with the export of Korean TV drama series across East Asia. The state deregulation and neo-liberal reforms during the 1990s in Korea boosted an explosion of the export of the Korean film and TV industry. Second, the core of the film and TV production is concentrated within Seoul, while dispersion of those industries occurred in Gyeong-gi province. Third, from an institutional perspective, tensions between the central government and the film and TV industry can be observed, which have been intensifying since 2006. This paper concludes that particularly co-evolution could potentially be an important concept to explain and analyse dynamics in creative industries.

    Nyckelord
    Creative industries, Hallyu, Korean wave
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomisk geografi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240167 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2014.946645 (DOI)000369395400005 ()
    Konferens
    Regional Studies Association European Conference 5 - 8 May 2013, Tampere, Finland
    Projekt
    Cluster Life Cycles project (supported by the German Research Foundation)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    EU, Europeiska forskningsrådetDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-06 Skapad: 2015-01-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Local buzz, global pipelines and Hallyu: the case of the film and TV industry in South Korea
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Local buzz, global pipelines and Hallyu: the case of the film and TV industry in South Korea
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    While the local buzz and global pipeline approach has provided a useful account of knowledge creation and diffusion in creative industries, little attention has been paid to the complex dynamics of knowledge flows through time and space. This article examines how the dynamics of local buzz and global pipelines supported Hallyu (translated into English as the Korean Wave, which refers to the increased popularity of South Korean cultural goods outside of Korea) by analyzing the Korean film and TV industry. It is argued that changes in extra-local knowledge linkages offer opportunities for the expansion of the industry, both in domestic and international markets. The main findings indicate that not only the dynamics of local buzz and global pipelines reconfigured Hallyu, but also public support policies, private sector’s exertion and increased demand in the global market promoted Hallyu.

    Nyckelord
    local buzz, global pipelines, Hallyu, Korean Wave, Korean Film and TV industry
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomisk geografi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300012 (URN)
    Projekt
    Cluster life cycles
    Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-01 Skapad: 2016-08-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-08-26Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Investigating the multiple roles of production managers in the case of Swedish filmmaking
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Investigating the multiple roles of production managers in the case of Swedish filmmaking
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the key players and their roles in the network ecology of the Swedish film production. The analysis of the semi-structured interviews and filming site observations highlight the multiple functions of production managers in the case of Swedish filmmaking. First, managers function as investigator of screening trends, fashion and fads. Second, mangers have a bridge builder function building global pipelines in order to find co-production partners. Third, managers have a gatekeeper function as they direct external knowledge sourcing, integrating and diffusing. 

    Nyckelord
    iSwedish filmmaking, production managers, investigator, bridge builder, gatekeeper
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomisk geografi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300015 (URN)
    Projekt
    Culture, Creativity and Economy
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 220 216 900 300
    Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-01 Skapad: 2016-08-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-08-26Bibliografiskt granskad
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    fulltext
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 30.
    Berg, Su-Hyun
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Local buzz, global pipelines and Hallyu: the case of the film and TV industry in South KoreaManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    While the local buzz and global pipeline approach has provided a useful account of knowledge creation and diffusion in creative industries, little attention has been paid to the complex dynamics of knowledge flows through time and space. This article examines how the dynamics of local buzz and global pipelines supported Hallyu (translated into English as the Korean Wave, which refers to the increased popularity of South Korean cultural goods outside of Korea) by analyzing the Korean film and TV industry. It is argued that changes in extra-local knowledge linkages offer opportunities for the expansion of the industry, both in domestic and international markets. The main findings indicate that not only the dynamics of local buzz and global pipelines reconfigured Hallyu, but also public support policies, private sector’s exertion and increased demand in the global market promoted Hallyu.

  • 31.
    Berg, Su-Hyun
    et al.
    Department of Geography, University of Kiel, germany.
    Hassink, Robert
    University of Kiel, Germany.
    Creative industries from an evolutionary perspective: A critical literature review2014Ingår i: Geography Compass, E-ISSN 1749-8198, Vol. 8, nr 9, s. 653-664Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Bergeröd, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Vad föredrar pendlingscyklister, egentligen?: En analys av pendlingscyklisters preferenser2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns i dagsläget inte tillräckligt med kunskap kring hur en utveckling av cykelinfrastrukturen skall se ut. För att vår framtida cykelinfrastruktur ska planeras på ett optimalt sätt krävs en ökad förståelse för cyklisternas preferenser. Målet med denna studie har varit att förstå vad pendlingscyklister föredrar, egentligen.

    För att studera detta har pendlingscyklisterna analyserats både utifrån deras uttryckta värderingar och hur de agerar när de cyklar. Resultaten av de två olika angreppsätten har sedan jämförts för att se om resultaten stämmer överens eller om de skiljer sig åt. Utifrån observationen tyder resultatet på att pendlingscyklisterna tar omvägar, vilket kan förklaras utifrån att förutsättningarna längs de observerade rutterna och de kortaste cykelbara rutterna skiljer sig. De två angreppsättens resultat tenderar att korrelera, men de stämmer inte alltid överens. Inga skillnader av deltagarnas uttryckta värderingar eller observerade agerande upptäcktes utifrån de undersökta demografiska egenskaperna.

    Att kombinera observationer med hjälp av GPS med en enkätundersökning är ett användbart angreppsätt för att analysera pendlingscyklisters preferenser. En ökad förståelse för vad pendlingscyklister egentligen föredrar kan förbättra möjligheterna för planerare att utveckla en optimal cykelinfrastruktur. Det skulle minska pendlingscyklisternas omvägar, vilket troligtvis är en samhällsekonomisk vinst.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Nr 941 Bergeröd Gustaf
  • 33. Berggren, Erik
    et al.
    Likic-Brboric, BrankaUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Toksöz, GülayTrimikliniotis, Nicos
    Irregular Migration, Informal Economy and Community: A Challenge for Europe2007Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Foreign direct investment's employment effects: a close-up on Swedish companies in Sri Lanka2000Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Arbetskraftens rörlighet och kunskapsspridning i kluster: exemplet IT- och telekomföretag i Kista2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapporten analyserar rörlighet på en specialiserad arbetsmarknad genom en studie av kunskapsföretag verksamma inom IT- och telekomklustret i Kista. Frågor som undersöks är företagens inställning till arbetskraftsrörlighet, rörlighetens roll för spridning av kunskap inom klustret samt förekomsten av eventuella oskrivna regler som hindrar eller underlättar rörlighet. Inom ramen för studien har informanter från tjugo företag intervjuats. Rapporten ger följaktligen en inblick i hur klusterföretagen själva resonerar och agerar kring arbetskraftsrörlighet. Utgångspunkten är att det teoretiskt sett finns anledning att tro att kluster, det vill säga geografiska koncentrationer av företag, kan bidra till att öka arbetskraftens rörlighet genom att erbjuda ett stort utbud av både arbetsgivare med likartade krav och specialiserad arbetskraft. Hög rörlighet skulle medföra effektiv kunskapsspridning inom klustret.

    Studien visar att Kistaföretagen i många fall betraktar låg rörlighet som en positiv företeelse. De företag som på ett generellt plan förespråkade hög rörlighet implementerade inte heller några konkreta åtgärder för att öka den. En slutsats som dras är därmed, för det första, att företagen associerar arbetskraftens rörlighet med risker för det egna företaget. För det andra var företagen generellt sett nöjda med lokaliseringen till Kista, men ansåg sällan att den var till nytta i en rekryteringssituation eller hade inte övervägt saken. Många företag, i synnerhet de små, rekryterade ny arbetskraft genom personliga nätverk, som man menade är bransch- snarare än platsspecifika. Emellertid hade samtliga företag någon eller flera viktiga relationer med andra Kistaföretag, vilka ibland resulterade i personalutbyte. Det är därmed troligt att rörligheten på Kistas arbetsmarknad är högre än företagen är medvetna om. För det tredje sågs rörlighet som ett effektivt verktyg till att öka företagens kunskapsbas, men inte det vanligaste på grund av de kostnader som är förknippade med detta. Bland annat uppgav ett flertal företag, särskilt tjänsteproducenter, att det existerar en hederskodex inom den egna branschen, som förhindrar rekrytering av arbetskraft från vissa kund- eller partnerföretag.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Blad, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Boundaries of Knowledge: Foreign-Local Knowledge Exchange through Community Cooperation in Rural Guatemala2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the learning process between foreign and local knowledge in a community of organic farmers by the name Atitlán Organics in Tzununa, rural Guatemala. Foreign settlers with formal education and contemporary farming experience work alongside indigenous local Guatemalan farmers in this community, which also takes on international volunteer workers. These people of various background and differing intentions cooperate to develop the community and its business of organic food production while learning from each other. The foreigners bring global theories that relate to farming such as permaculture designs and scientific knowledge while the Guatemalans know the local land and how to work with it. This thesis outlines the learning process between these different competencies and presents a nuanced discussion on how these types of knowledge exchange can be beneficial for the people and the community. Diverse competencies can complement each other and enhance collaborative work but limitations can also occur due to difficulties of understanding other socio-cultural contexts, while risks of neo-colonial tendencies and western knowledge hegemony lure in these situations. The discussion in this thesis highlights the importance of mutual consciousness about this process in the community and what that can be done to enhance collaborative learning while avoiding such risks.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Blomkvist, Gabriele
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Ett företags lokaliseringsfaktorer inom import av matvaror: En kvalitativ studie om La Collinas kundrelationer, konkurrenter och exportörer2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studies syfte är att undersöka förhållandena och utmaningarna för import av matvaror av ett företag som heter La Collina. Där förhållanden mellan exportörer, kunder och konkurrenter studeras. Studien genomsyras av sitt geografiska förhållningsätt där jag sökt förklaringar till La Collinas förhållning till sin verksamma miljö. Via ett kvalitativt metodval där jag byggt studien på basis av intervjumaterial har jag sökt och besvarat min frågeställning med hjälp av teoretiska begrepp som jag ansett vara passande för att undersöka min frågeställning. De resultat jag kommit fram till i studien är av olika art. Där både svårigheter att hitta goda samarbetspartners av transporteringen av varor, som var en av de huvudsakliga utmaningarna, liksom att hitta passande personal att anställa var en annan svårighet företaget stötte på. Det starka behovet av att etablera sig i närhet till en utvecklad infrastruktur och liksom kontakten till kunder var faktorer som avgör var La Collina valt att lokalisera sig och även var de väljer att utveckla sin verksamhet. 

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  • 38.
    Boström, Gustav
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Kommunikation under de tre stadierna av en kris: kriskommunikation och det kommunikationsnätverk som Gävle och Uppsala kommun använder sig av2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med en abduktiv ansats. Studien undersöker hur två geografiskt närliggande kommuner, Gävle och Uppsala kommun, agerar innan, under och efter en kris när det gäller kriskommunikation och hur respektive kommun förhåller sig till upprättade kommunikationsnätverk. Datamaterialet har främst analyserats enligt Ahuja, Sodaoch Zaheers (2012) fem dimensioner i ett nätverk och Garnett och Kouzmins (2007) fyra linser inom kriskommunikation. I studien identifierades både strukturella skillnader och likheter mellan kommunerna. Uppsala kommun har till exempel två arbetsroller: kommunikatör i beredskap och tjänsteman i beredskap, vilket Gävle kommun inte har. Där utöver ändrar båda kommunerna sin rapporteringsstruktur från en linjeorganisation till en matrisorganisation under en kris. Båda exemplen visar på vikten av det relativa avståndet i kommunerna, det vill säga avståndet mellan anställda/aktörer i kommunerna. Om det relativa medelavståndet mellan aktörerna i kommunerna minskas kan felinformation och problem lättare hanteras. Möjliga aspekter för framtida studier som har identifierats i studien är valet av att ha kraftigt decentraliserade grupperingar i nätverken samt det begränsade antalet plattformar som kommunerna använder under en kris.

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    fulltext
  • 39.
    Braun, Benjamin
    et al.
    Max Planck Gesell, Inst Study Soc, Munich, Germany..
    Christophers, Brett
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Asset manager capitalism: An introduction to its political economy and economic geography2024Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 546-557Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 40. Bridge, Gavin
    et al.
    Bulkeley, Harriet
    Langley, Paul
    van Veelen, Bregje
    Pluralizing and Problematizing Carbon Finance.2019Ingår i: Progress in Human Geography, ISSN 0309-1325, E-ISSN 1477-0288Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing emphasis on finance as key to decarbonization requires social science research that critically attends to the emergent and diverse forms taken by carbon finance. First, we pluralize research into carbon finance, building on existing work to identify four main forms: carbon markets; ecosystem services; natural capital investment; and, capital allocated to low-carbon enterprises and projects. Second, we propose that research should problematize the processes through which carbon is variously translated into financial value. Illustrated with reference to low-carbon investment in electricity generation, our agenda thereby extends from the difficulties of producing carbon-as-commodity to the uncertainties of constituting carbon-as-asset

  • 41.
    Brink, Fredrika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Jarlöv, Stella
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Societal Synergy for Our Common Future: Young Citizens’ Perspectives on Participating in the Sustainable Development and Urban Planning Process of Madrid2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Madrid City Council’s efforts to invite citizens to decision making are being examined through the eyes of six young inhabitants, aged 18-30. Their views on sustainability and experiences of participating in the city development are gained through qualitative, semi-structured interviews. The interviewed citizens find sustainability important, but their definitions are not in accordance with the polysemic way sustainability is being conceived and discussed theoretically. It also differs from their experience of how the government defines it. The findings are filtered through the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development, urban planning, and citizen engagement. While expressing a low trust in the institutions, the citizens seem to believe that the city takes the public’s opinions into account, but to a low extent. Possible explanations to the perspectives provided by the interviewees and the current situation of low participation rate among young inhabitants are presented. Strategies for how the Madrid City Council could increase the participation rate among young citizens are then suggested, such as increased governmental transparency, increased focus on projects related to sustainability, and improved education about sustainability.  

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Bro, Anders
    et al.
    University of Örebro.
    Pettersson, Conny
    Högskolan på Gotland, Institutionen för kultur, energi och miljö.
    Business, Design and Factor 10: Sustainable Development in Creative Industries2011Ingår i: Local Development and Creative Industries: empirical, methodological and theoretical reflections / [ed] Conny Pettersson, Dorit Christensen, Visby: Gotland University , 2011, s. 125-158Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Hällefors is one of the municipalities in Sweden attempting to break free from the traditional corporate structure. While it has a long history of iron and steel production, technology-based industry is now being supplemented by investment in cultural, culinary and design projects. The aim of this chapter is first to chart the progress of the municipality toward sustainable development and secondly to investigate whether there have been any fundamental changes made to the system. This means that we shall consider the adoption of a path-dependent trend and formative instances in local development processes, with a neo-institutional framework as our theoretical guide. One major discovery is that the term ”sustainable development” crops up constantly in daily dialogue and practical application; it appears in municipal strategic and policy declarations, in both preliminary and comprehensive documents, and in sector-oriented programmes. Yet despite the fact that there is clear evidence of sustainable-development thinking, it has not replaced previous models of local development. Although the concept has become familiar, it is not possible to say whether it has actually contributed to fundamental institutional change on the local level.

  • 43. Broitman, Dani
    Toger, Marina (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    The Complex Interactions between Cities and Nature2016Ingår i: Quality Innovation Prosperity, ISSN 1335-1745, E-ISSN 1338-984XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Purpose: Proximity to nature is highly valued by urbanites. They demonstrate higher willingness to pay for housing at locations near open and green spaces. But, nature in cities can generate negative externalities as well. The aim of this paper is to present the complex relationship between nature and cities and the possible negative influence of urban nature on property prices.

    Methodology/Approach: The data presented in this paper include open spaces, the presence of wild animals and residential property values in Haifa, Israel. These data were analyzed to uncover spatial regularities and basic statistical relationships.

    Findings: The results reveal the expected presence of dominant positive externalities related to proximity to open and green areas. However, in certain areas and under certain circumstances, the nuisances generated by the presence of wild animals in close proximity to housing are correlated with lower property prices.

    Research Limitation/implication: We demonstrate in this paper that that there is a complex relationship between nature and cities, albeit focusing our analysis on large mammals in cities only. Disentangling positive and negative externalities of urban nature is a challenging task. The paper presents an example of the potential difficulties that need to be dealt with in such analysis.

    Originality/Value of paper: Through the case study, we show that there are good reasons to believe that there are both positive and negative externalities of nature in cities. To our best knowledge, attempts to disentangle both types of effects using property values do not exist in the literature.

  • 44.
    Brydges, Taylor
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lavanga, Mariangela
    von Gunten, Lucia
    Entrepreneurship in the Fashion Industry: A Case Study of Slow Fashion Businesses2014Ingår i: Beyond Frames. Dynamics between the creative industries, knowledge institutions and the urban context / [ed] A. Schramme, G. Hagoort and R. Kooyman (eds.), Delft: Eburon Academic Publishers. , 2014, s. 73-79Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we explore entrepreneurship in the slow fashion industry at a time of significant restructuring in the global fashion industry. Drawing on a case study of self-­‐employed designers in the slow fashion industry in Geneva (Switzerland), Rotterdam (The Netherlands) and Toronto (Canada), we argue that small, slow fashion businesses, through their innovative design, branding and retail practices, have carved out a unique niche in the hyper competitive fashion marketplace. In particular, we demonstrate that they have a very innovative approach to sustainability, characterized by an interest toward the use of salvage materials, the revalorization of craftsmanship, as well as a tendency for handmade productions. Driven by personal beliefs and values, these designers seem to wish to reconcile personal fulfillment with professional achievement as they seek to compete with the paradigm of fast fashion that continues to dominate the fashion industry. This paper contributes to our understanding of the entrepreneurial practices of emerging designers, in particular in the slow fashion industry. It also contributes to the emerging studies in fashion and design-­‐oriented industries that consider the value craftsmanship and the wish to “stay local”, predicting a rise or return of the makers and small-­‐scale manufacturing in contemporary cities.

  • 45.
    Brydges, Taylor
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Pugh, Rhiannon
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    An “Orphan” Creative Industry: Exploring the Institutional Factors Constraining the Canadian Fashion Industry2017Ingår i: Growth and Change, ISSN 0017-4815, E-ISSN 1468-2257, Vol. 48, nr 4, s. 942-962Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, tier-two fashion countries have been making gains in the global fashion industry, with hip young brands, buzz-worthy fashion weeks and export-oriented designers. The Canadian fashion industry, on the other hand, continues to fall behind and instead has experienced recent high-profile closures of leading domestic fashion names. This paper explores why this is the case by considering a wide range of factors from a historical and institutional perspective. We argue that Canadian fashion is facing a number of systemic problems relating to wider institutional and policy weaknesses, rather than a lack of talent and know-how within the entrepreneurs and businesses in the sector. While the fashion industry is indeed global, we argue that it is in fact national and local level factors—political, economic, and cultural—that structure and constrain the Canadian fashion industry for independent designers. Through exploring the experiences of this group of actors—entrepreneurial fashion designers—in this particular context, we not only learn about Canada as an economy but also what is needed in order to develop the fashion industry more broadly. We provide a framework for analysing the range of socio-economic, historical, and political factors at the national level which affect the performance of the fashion sector and the operation of fashion designers as the entrepreneurial actors at the heart of the industry.

  • 46.
    Bugge, Markus M
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Creative Distraction: The Digital Transformation of the Advertising Industry2009Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is primarily based on a case study on how the Internet affects the advertising industry in Oslo, Norway, and on how the digitization of advertising adds to our understanding of the geography of innovation and urban and regional development. The study argues that the Internet fundamentally changes and challenges the advertising industry, and that advertising merges into market communication and even user experience and product development. The interactive nature of the Internet and its parallel social and commercial worlds contribute to transcend the role of a traditional medium and to coalescence between production and consumption. Despite the fact that those involved in online and traditional advertising are located close to each other in Oslo, the extent of collective learning, knowledge externalities and innovation has been scarce. The study shows that the creative destruction of this industrial sector is ignited by actors outside the traditional advertising industry. Due to path dependency along one-way mass communication media incumbents within the advertising industry have left room for new actors, such as web agencies and technology consultants, to explore and take market share in online market communication services. The reconfiguration of market communication is regarded as the result of an industry mutation across advertising and ICT, and creates a need for bridging skills and competencies across creative, strategic and interactive domains. The implications of such an industry mutation across diverse sectors are used to discuss the evolutionary potential of the related variety perspective. The study argues that localized industrial change may be conceptualised in terms of a cyclical relationship between externalities from localisation economies and urbanisation economies respectively. The implications of the findings from the case study are in this way used to discuss more general drivers of urban and regional development.

    Delarbeten
    1. Lack of collective learning in online advertising in Oslo, Norway
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Lack of collective learning in online advertising in Oslo, Norway
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The advertising industry is often seen as adaptable and flexible, and its work organisation and diverse project ecologies are assumed to nurture creativity, learning and innovation. The advertising industry in Oslo is currently going through a restructuring process of adapting to the Internet as an emerging media channel for marketing, but struggles to benefit from collective learning. The established advertising agencies have been reluctant regarding the new opportunities in Internet-based advertising, which has allowed for a set of smaller and specialized web agencies to emerge, and who now possess the best skills within interactive advertising. The paper argues that there are two parallel epistemic communities in the localized advertising industry. It is shown that the advertising industry seems to have been caught in a path dependent technological trajectory, and that in order for collective learning to unfold geographical proximity needs to be supplemented by cultural and epistemic proximity and compatibility.

    Nyckelord
    advertising, collective learning, Internet, knowledge, epistemic communities, path dependency
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomisk geografi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109860 (URN)
    Projekt
    Creativity and Innovation in the Cultural Industries
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-10-28 Skapad: 2009-10-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-01-03Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Jacobian Cluster Mutation: From Advertising to Internet-based market communication
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Jacobian Cluster Mutation: From Advertising to Internet-based market communication
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The advertising industry is currently undergoing a restructuring process, where traditional media like TV and print are being complemented and replaced by interactive advertising and market communication on the Internet. The paper discusses how this transformation process affects the structure and organisation of services within Internet-based market communication. Based on interviews with 50 respondents from advertising and beyond the paper argues that the multiple and interactive nature of the Internet medium represent opportunities and challenges for the advertising agencies that transcend their traditional role as developers of creative ideas and campaigns. It is argued that Internet-based market communication demands a convergence of creative, strategic and technical services which represents a new production and market communication space in which the end consumer plays a lead role. The paper suggests that technology driven transformation processes in the industrial agglomerations of advertising and ICT in Oslo can be viewed as an industrial mutation.

    Nyckelord
    cluster mutation, Oslo, interviews and employment statistics, advertising, Internet, diversity
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomisk geografi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109861 (URN)
    Projekt
    Creativity and Innovation in the Cultural Industries
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-10-28 Skapad: 2009-10-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-01-03Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. How industry mutations redefine related variety:  The case of Internet-based advertising
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How industry mutations redefine related variety:  The case of Internet-based advertising
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Through the distinction of the notion of diversity into related and unrelated, the related variety approach represents an interesting attempt to improve our understanding of industrial dynamics and economic growth. However, using the insights from a case study on Internet based market communication this study seeks to problematize how the related variety approach so far may be read as a somewhat static approach. Through a sample of businesses that offer services within Internet-based market communication, the study uncovers the range of actors who are de facto related to each other within these economic activities. This simple exercise reveals that actors who are de facto related would have been categorised as unrelated in the related variety approach. These actors used to be unrelated, but due to convergence of existing and new technologies they have become related. In this way the paper not only aims to document how this particular industrial field is developing, it also suggests that the related variety approach does not take into account how changing technological conditions continuously alter the composition of related and unrelated actors in the economy. The related variety approach may thus still have a potential to improve its ability to reflect actual relations among industrial actors in its analytical apparatus. The paper suggests alternative indicators that to a larger extent may be tackling how technological change constantly alters the degree of relatedness between various actors.

    Nyckelord
    related variety, advertising, new media, ICT, economic geography
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomisk geografi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109862 (URN)
    Projekt
    Creativity and Innovation in the Cultural Industries
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-10-28 Skapad: 2009-10-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-01-03Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. One Size Fits All?: Applying the Creative Class thesis onto a Nordic Context
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>One Size Fits All?: Applying the Creative Class thesis onto a Nordic Context
    Visa övriga...
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The creative class thesis put forward by Florida (2002a) has in recent years been subject to vivid debate and criticism. This article applies the creative class thesis onto a Nordic context in order to examine whether Florida’s theory proves fruitful in a context different from the US. Based on qualitative data, the paper analyses the role of people climate and business climate for the location of the creative class and firms in three different kinds of regions in four Nordic countries. The analyses demonstrate that the people climate tends to be of secondary importance to the business climate in explaining the location of the Nordic creative class. This should be seen as a result of the urban hierarchy within the Nordic countries as well as a strong welfare policy, which ensures an equal distribution of public provision and supports dual career households. Together these factors diminish the role of people climate for location choices. The study also finds that the notion of people climate has different meanings in various places, and what attracts or repels the creative class depends on the life phases of the members of the creative class. The study raises concerns about the potential for applying the creative class approach beyond large city regions which limits its usability in regional planning.

    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109863 (URN)
    Projekt
    Technology, Talent and Tolerance in European Cities
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-10-28 Skapad: 2009-10-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-01-03Bibliografiskt granskad
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 47.
    Bugge, Markus M.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    How industry mutations redefine related variety:  The case of Internet-based advertisingManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Through the distinction of the notion of diversity into related and unrelated, the related variety approach represents an interesting attempt to improve our understanding of industrial dynamics and economic growth. However, using the insights from a case study on Internet based market communication this study seeks to problematize how the related variety approach so far may be read as a somewhat static approach. Through a sample of businesses that offer services within Internet-based market communication, the study uncovers the range of actors who are de facto related to each other within these economic activities. This simple exercise reveals that actors who are de facto related would have been categorised as unrelated in the related variety approach. These actors used to be unrelated, but due to convergence of existing and new technologies they have become related. In this way the paper not only aims to document how this particular industrial field is developing, it also suggests that the related variety approach does not take into account how changing technological conditions continuously alter the composition of related and unrelated actors in the economy. The related variety approach may thus still have a potential to improve its ability to reflect actual relations among industrial actors in its analytical apparatus. The paper suggests alternative indicators that to a larger extent may be tackling how technological change constantly alters the degree of relatedness between various actors.

  • 48.
    Bugge, Markus M.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Jacobian Cluster Mutation: From Advertising to Internet-based market communicationManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The advertising industry is currently undergoing a restructuring process, where traditional media like TV and print are being complemented and replaced by interactive advertising and market communication on the Internet. The paper discusses how this transformation process affects the structure and organisation of services within Internet-based market communication. Based on interviews with 50 respondents from advertising and beyond the paper argues that the multiple and interactive nature of the Internet medium represent opportunities and challenges for the advertising agencies that transcend their traditional role as developers of creative ideas and campaigns. It is argued that Internet-based market communication demands a convergence of creative, strategic and technical services which represents a new production and market communication space in which the end consumer plays a lead role. The paper suggests that technology driven transformation processes in the industrial agglomerations of advertising and ICT in Oslo can be viewed as an industrial mutation.

  • 49.
    Bugge, Markus M.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lack of collective learning in online advertising in Oslo, NorwayManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The advertising industry is often seen as adaptable and flexible, and its work organisation and diverse project ecologies are assumed to nurture creativity, learning and innovation. The advertising industry in Oslo is currently going through a restructuring process of adapting to the Internet as an emerging media channel for marketing, but struggles to benefit from collective learning. The established advertising agencies have been reluctant regarding the new opportunities in Internet-based advertising, which has allowed for a set of smaller and specialized web agencies to emerge, and who now possess the best skills within interactive advertising. The paper argues that there are two parallel epistemic communities in the localized advertising industry. It is shown that the advertising industry seems to have been caught in a path dependent technological trajectory, and that in order for collective learning to unfold geographical proximity needs to be supplemented by cultural and epistemic proximity and compatibility.

  • 50. Cai, Yuzhuo
    et al.
    Pugh, Rhiannon
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Liu, Cui
    A framework for analysing the role of innovation policy in regional innovation system developmentIngår i: International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, ISSN 1753-0660, E-ISSN 1753-0679Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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