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  • 1.
    Aaltola, Alex
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Weapons on the Weak: The impact of Small Arms and Major Conventional Weapons Imports on the Intentional Targeting of Civilians in Intrastate Conflicts2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Academics and practitioners often assume that arms and violence against civilians are positively correlated. Existing research on small arms and light weapons (SALW) and major conventional weapons (MCW) imports, however, find that arms are a weak explanatory factor for intrastate violence. When the focus is on arms imports’ impact on the level of one-sided violence (OSV) specifically, earlier studies’ findings suggest that the comparative organisational size of armed actors is an important conditioning variable that influences the direction and magnitude of the impact arms imports have on rebel and government perpetrated OSV. Using OLS regression models, this thesis finds that increasing SALW imports are linked to no increase in the level of rebel perpetrated OSV and a marginal decrease for the level of OSV perpetrated by large government forces. MCW imports have a negative correlation for large rebel groups and governments, but no impact for small rebel groups or government forces. In all specifications, the magnitude of the impact arms imports conditional on troop size have on rebel or government perpetrated OSV remains small. This suggests the need for policymakers to focus on humanitarian and economic interventions, rather than arms when pursuing protection of civilians.

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    Aaltola (2022) Weapons on the Weak
  • 2.
    Aarsand, Pål Andre
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Digital kompetens i barns vardag2008In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, no 2, p. 17-30Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 3.
    Aarum Hansen, Heidi
    et al.
    Department for Health and Social Studies, Østfold University College, Halden, Norway .
    Björktomta, Siv-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Svalastog, Anna Lydia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Department for Health and Social Studies, Østfold University College, Halden, Norway .
    Digital society generates new challenges on Child Welfare Services2017In: Croatian Medical Journal, ISSN 0353-9504, E-ISSN 1332-8166, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 80-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital society has created a new situation that challenges the present discourse on public services. Since it is only a recent phenomenon, digital society has not yet been in-cluded in the broader filed of social work education and practice. In the present text, we focus on casework with children. The examples described in the text are taken from Scandinavian experiences and reflect our background and practice in social work with children. However, we dare to say that the situation is more or less the same in the rest of Europe, as illustrated by the presented social work examples and references from wider European context.

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  • 4.
    Aasen, Alex
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Game Design.
    Brate Sjögren, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Game Design.
    Improving female character design: Visually enhancing a female character’s personality and role in games  through combing fashion- and game design2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report started with the guideline project that revolved around two problems in the game industry, the hypersexualization of female characters and their stereotypical designs in games, and a wish to solve these problems. Fashion was chosen as a new approach to solving them and the question formulation for the guideline project was: how can we incorporate fashion in order to strengthen a female characters personality, role and overall design in games? 

    Three methods were used; firstly a systematic literature review to gather knowledge about the fashion industry as well as the game industry’s character design process. Secondly, the creation of the guideline, “The design handbook – how to improve female character design”, which would serve by presenting a solution to the problem. Thirdly, qualitative interviews to test whether or not the guideline could serve as a possible solution against the problems of sexist and stereotypical designs and if it could overall improve female character design in games.   

    The results of the qualitative interviews deemed the project a success; nine out of ten interviewees answered that it would serve as a solution against the problem of both hypersexualization and stereotypical designs. The results of the guideline project and the interviews answered the bachelor’s thesis’ question formulation about how to improve female character design through fashion in the following way:  

    • Be inclusive. The priority should be to design interesting characters, regardless of gender.
    •  Know who your character is. Give the character a complex and interesting personality and design with that personality in mind; it should be strengthened through all the other design choices (be it color, silhouette or outfit details).  
    • Make it believable. The outfit needs to work like a second narrator and should not contradict the setting, the personality or the character’s role.  
  • 5.
    ABAZIE ABANG, UGOCHI CYNTHIA
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    PUSHING OPEN THE DOORS OF INCLUSION: Examining the Connections between Women’s Movements/Groups Cohesion in Civil Resistance and Securing Inclusion in Formal Peace Negotiations.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Two decades after the adoption of the UNSCR 1325 calling for women’s equal participation in peace negotiations, a troubling gap still exists between the aspirations of global commitments and the reality of peace processes. Minimal attention has also gone into explaining how women’s movements can secure access to the peace negotiation table. This study contributes to the discourse by examining how women’s movements can foster inclusion in peace negotiations via civil resistance. It seeks to answer the research question – “Why does civil resistance by women’s movements foster inclusion in formal peace negotiations in some cases and not in others?” I theorize that women’s movements that are cohesive enough in civil resistance can build leverage towards facilitating inclusion in formal peace negotiations. Using the method of a structured focused comparison of women’s civil resistance in Colombia and Mozambique, I test this theoretical argument. Empirical findings reveal moderate support for the hypothesis that high levels of women’s movements cohesion in civil resistance foster inclusion in formal peace negotiations. Findings also reveal the critical role of international/regional actors in supporting women’s civil resistance and inclusion as a linear process as well as other factors that call for more research on the topic. 

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  • 6.
    Abbaspour, Benjamin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Isoleringsegenskaper hos frodvuxen gran: En studie av dess värmeledningsförmåga och funktion2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the potential of fast-grown spruce (Picea abies) as an insulation material in historic buildings, aiming to evaluate the relationship between density and thermal conductivity. The background of the study lies in the need for sustainable and efficient insulation materials that can be used to improve the energy performance of buildings while preserving their historical character and aesthetic value. Fast-grown spruce has a lower density then the lowest available in the Swedish standard for materials heat conductivity. 

    The methodology included both laboratory analyses and field studies. In the laboratory part, a hot-disk instrument was used to measure thermal conductivity, followed by calculations of density and moisture content. The field studies were conducted to identify practical applications and challenges in using fast-grown spruce as a construction material. These studies involved inspections of buildings constructed with fast-grown spruce and interviews with those responsible for their construction to investigate its potential functionality as a construction material. 

    The main results from the laboratory analyses showed a strong correlation between density and thermal conductivity, indicating that fast-grown spruce, with its lower density, has improved insulation properties compared to slow-grown spruce. The field studies confirmed that fast-grown spruce can be used as a construction material in buildings, but also pointed out its tendency to exhibit greater movement during drying, which can be accounted for to prevent issues during the drying process. 

    The conclusions suggest that fast-grown spruce can be a valuable addition to existing insulation materials due to its improved insulation performance. The study recommends further research to examine long-term degradation effects and the material's moisture properties, which are critical for its practical use in buildings. Additionally, further research should investigate the ability of fast-grown spruce to serve as a substrate for plaster, both for clay and lime-based plasters, to determine the wood's compatibility with these materials. 

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    Frodvuxen gran värmeledning
  • 7.
    Abdellatif, Amal
    et al.
    Accounting & Financial Management Department Faculty of Business and Law Northumbria University Newcastle upon Tyne UK.
    Aldossari, Maryam
    University of Edinburgh Edinburgh UK.
    Boncori, Ilaria
    University of Essex Colchester UK.
    Callahan, Jamie
    Leadership & HRD Northumbria University Newcastle upon Tyne UK.
    Na Ayudhya, Uracha Chatrakul
    School of Business, Economics, and Informatics University of London London UK.
    Chaudhry, Sara
    University of Edinburgh Business School Edinburgh UK.
    Kivinen, Nina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Sarah Liu, Shan‐Jan
    University of Edinburgh Edinburgh UK.
    Utoft, Ea Høg
    Danish Centre for Studies in Research and Research Policy Aarhus University Aarhus Denmark.
    Vershinina, Natalia
    Audencia Business School Nantes France.
    Yarrow, Emily
    Portsmouth Business School Portsmouth UK.
    Pullen, Alison
    Macquarie University Sydney, New South Wales Australia.
    Breaking the mold: Working through our differences to vocalize the sound of change2021In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 1956-1979Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper orchestrates alterethnographical reflections in which we, women, polyphonically document, celebrate and vocalize the sound of change. This change is represented in Kamala Harris's appointment as the first woman, woman of color, and South Asian American as the US Vice President, breaking new boundaries of political leadership, and harvesting new gains for women in leadership and power more broadly. With feminist awareness and curiosity, we organize and mobilize individual texts into a multivocal paper as a way to write solidarity between women. Recognizing our intersectional differences, and power differentials inherent in our different positions in academic hierarchies, we unite to write about our collective concerns regarding gendered, racialised, classed social relations. Coming together across intersectional differences in a writing community has been a vehicle to speak, relate, share, and voice our feelings and thoughts to document this historic moment and build a momentum to fulfill our hopes for social change. As feminists, we accept our responsibility to make this history written, rather than manipulated or erased, by breaking the mold in the form of multi-layered embodied texts to expand writing and doing research differently through re/writing otherness.

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  • 8.
    Abdul, Fausia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    From Taliban Rule to Taliban Rule: An Analysis of Nation-building Efforts in Afghanistan, the Role of Religion and its Outcome for Women and Minorities.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As September 2021 marks 20 years of the US-led War against Terror and the invasion of Afghanistan, the Taliban currently is taking a seat in Kabul, only days after American troops left the country. The understanding of the failure of the Afghan Peace Talks between 2018-2021 has been looked at from different aspects, but it is important to note there is no independent line of religion between the Taliban and the Afghans, but rather a strong interplay between conflicting moral positions where the Taliban pray on the weak to religiously validate their position and the Afghan government firmly positions itself opposite of the Taliban but does not always do much better when it comes to the inclusion of women and minorities.The hopes of change for a peaceful future in the Afghan society with the arrival of US military troops in 2001 have stayed unfulfilled: the US ignored e.g., the structure of tribal networks of the country, their historical development, and struggled to take responsibility for nation-building efforts, and above all, demonstrated the inability to accept Islam as anything but a terrorism belief which led to a dramatic comeback of the revitalized Taliban. This thesis aims to understand how religion has been a factor in nation-building efforts in Afghanistan as well as the direct outcomes of inclusion of women and minorities, who are currently daily in the international news and high on the agenda of the international diplomatic community.

  • 9.
    Abdyldaev, Temirlan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Organisational Learning through Impact Evaluations: The Evolution of Guidelines for Child Friendly Spaces. The Case of UNICEF and World Vision2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The limited evidence base on the effectiveness and impact of Child Friendly Spaces (CFSs) – one of the most widely used interventions to address needs of children – prompted several humanitarian organisations together with the Columbia University to conduct an inter-agency series of impact evaluations between 2012 and 2014. Thus, using the case of UNICEF and World Vison, this study aims to explore if and how the findings of the series of impact evaluations contributed to the learning of the respective organisations. To address this question, a thematic analysis was conducted in two steps: first, for the CFS impact evaluation reports to identify a set of themes about the impact of CFSs; and second, for the pre- and post-evaluation guiding documents of UNICEF and World Vision with adjusted themes from the first step to understand how the findings from the evaluation reports were reflected in the new guiding documents. The comparison of UNICEF’s and World Vision’s use of impact evaluations showed that both of them engaged in organisational learning by creating/acquiring knowledge through impact evaluations that was then retained through evaluation reports and the incorporation of the evaluation findings into the new guidelines and finally transferred through the dissemination of said documents. However, the utilisation of findings by the two organisations appeared to result in two different types of learning: World Vision, while capturing lessons and improving their guidelines using evaluation findings still carried on with their current framework of CFS interventions, which points to single-loop learning. UNICEF, on the other hand, moved toward a more integrated community-based mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) interventions with CFSs only being one part of them, demonstrating the organisation’s questioning of underlying assumptions, system-wide thinking and more strategic approach pointing to double-loop learning. This research thus takes the discrepancy between the prevalent belief that evidence is crucial for humanitarian programming and the limited use of such evidence as a starting point by shedding light on how this evidence can and does contribute to organisational learning.

  • 10.
    Abedi, Oscar
    et al.
    Aide Rapide aux victimes des catastrophes et Recherche, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo..
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Mwambari, David
    African Leadership Centre, Social Science & Public Policy, King’s College London (UK)..
    Parashar, Swati
    Gothenburg Centre for Globalization and Development, Sweden. School of Global Studies, Gothenburg University, Sweden..
    Toppo, Anju Oseema Maria
    Department of History, St. Xavier’s College, Ranchi in Jharkhand, India.
    Vincent, James B.M.
    The Covid-19 Opportunity: Creating More Ethical and Sustainable Research Practices2020Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Contributing to the “Covid-19 and the Social Sciences” essay series, Oscar Abedi, Maria Eriksson Baaz, David Mwambari, Swati Parashar, Anju Oseema Maria Toppo, and James Vincent outline various paths toward reducing field research’s potential for exploitation, especially that of Global South collaborators. The pandemic has highlighted inequalities and immobility that differently affect facilitating researchers and contracting researchers. In response, the authors identify key issues that institutions, publishers, and individual researchers must reflect on in order to counteract these imbalances—and take advantage of an opportunity to fundamentally transform field research into collaborative knowledge production.

  • 11.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bertoni, Filippo (Contributor)
    Ibáñez Martín, Rebeca (Contributor)
    Living with Omega-3:: New Materialism and Enduring Concerns2015In: Environment & Planning. D, Society and Space, ISSN 0263-7758, E-ISSN 1472-3433, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 4-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 21st century quite a few social scientists and scholars in the humanities are arguing that we should pay more attention to things material. For, as they say, not only humans act but so, too, do materials. Joining this discussion, in this paper we will use the case of omega-3 fatty acids to address the questions of how materials may act; in which ways this is relevant; and what is linked up with it. Hence, we will come to speak about research in prisons where inmates were badly nourished; fish being caught in the Global South for Scandinavian fish pills; and the urgency of shifting from the verb ‘to act’ to a differentiated list of modes of doing. Learning from the natural sciences, we will argue, requires that their methods and concerns be carefully attended to. Taking matters seriously comes with the obligation of tracing where such matters come from and where they go. And talking about ‘action’, finally, demands that, beyond liberal notions of isolated individual actors, it be creatively retheorised.

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  • 12.
    Abrahamsson, Sten
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Adding requirements on customers to current quality models toimprove quality: development of a customer ‐ vendor interaction2010In: 13th QMOD conference on Quality and Service Sciences ICQSS 2010 / [ed] Jens J. Dahlgaard, Linköping University, Sweden, Visby: Gotland University , 2010, p. 1-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In most descriptions of business development and models for Corporate Governance, contacts between supplier and customer are for the most part focused on the supplier’s responsibility to identify and document customer requirements in order to enable the organization to meet customer requirements (stated and unstated). In the actual contact between customer and supplier it has been observed in several cases that there are aspects of the interaction not described in traditional theoretical quality models. What seems to be missing is a more explicit requirement for customers and for customers' actions. The logic is that a qualified customer performing based on supplier instructions will result in a better performing product. The apparent lack of theoretical models describing this aspect indicates that this is an interesting area for research and development.

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight a seemingly "forgotten" area within quality management, which is the lack of requirements put on customers in quality models.  The first objective is to review existing quality models to explore the extent of requirement on customers included. The second objective is to propose additions to current models that include requirements placed on customers.

    A limited review of the award criteria and the most common models for quality and improvement techniques shows that there is no explicit and documented way to set requirements for customers. Our interpretation is that EFQM is the model closest to our description of “demands on customer” due to their clauses connected to “partnership”.

    The ISO/DIS 26000 is moving the requirements further against the customer for the social responsibility than the quality standards are doing.

    Further research could focus on how requirements on customer will affect the performance of the entire supply chain both from a quality and social point of view.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 13.
    Abrahamsson, Sten
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Hansson, Jonas
    University West.
    Integrated Management Systems: advantages, problems and possibilities2010In: 13th Toulon-Verona Conference: Organizational Excellence in Service / [ed] Jacques Martin, Toulon University, 2010, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Effective management in the globalized world requires an effective, efficient and flexible management system. Effective could be interpreted as addressing all relevant stakeholder concerns in a context of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Efficient would mean that it does the job with low resource use. Flexibility requires that changed conditions and new requirements easily can be included. Many organizations are already working with Integrated Management Systems (IMS). Interesting questions are to what extent current integration covers the above mentioned needs and if not what changes are needed. This conceptual paper looks at the advantages and problems of integration. Possibilities for development of fully integrated management systems are studied from the perspective of managing stakeholder needs, with the forthcoming ISO 26000 – “Guidance on social responsibility”, as inspiration. Results show that there are advantages in integration, but that the scope and level of integration often is limited. A conceptual model for integrating all stakeholder needs in value networks is presented.

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  • 14. Adams, Melinda
    et al.
    Smrek, Michal
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Making Institutions and Context Count: How Useful Is Feminist Institutionalism in Explaining Male Dominance in Politics?2018In: Politics & Gender, ISSN 1743-923X, E-ISSN 1743-9248, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 271-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While the same formal candidate selection rules are generally in place throughout a state, there is often intracountry variation in male descriptive overrepresentation. To explain this variation, scholars cannot focus exclusively on women (e.g., how do women respond to formal institutional opportunities?) or femininity (e.g., how do norms governing appropriate female behavior affect women's odds of being selected as a candidate?). Rather, scholars must attend to the ways that informal norms regarding masculinity operate across space and time within a country. Drawing on the insights of feminist institutionalism, this essay examines two intracountry sources of variation in candidate selection: the spatial urban-rural divide and temporal differences between first-time recruitment and renomination. While the formal candidate selection rules are uniform, informal institutions vary depending on where and when we look, leading to different levels of male overrepresentation.

  • 15.
    Adborn Håkansson, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Mänskliga rättigheter vid domstolsbeslut gällande omhändertagande av barn: LVU-domar före och efter att barnkonventionen blev svensk lagstiftning2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     Administrative courts’ view on children’s human rights are actualized when the courts rule that children should be taken into the care of society. It is a legal decision and, moreover, it is an intricate moral issue where fundamental values such as protection, autonomy and equality are at stake. Domestic violence and child abuse are grounds for custody in more than half of the judgments when Swedish Care of Young Persons (Special Provisions) Act (SFS 1990:52) (commonly referred to as LVU) are applied in the courts (Lundström et al. 2020, s. 290). Child abuse is a criminal act and a violation of human rights. Since January 1, 2020, the Convention on the Rights of the Child has been incorporated into Swedish legislation, which means that it must be applied in the administrative courts’ decisions on custody judgment, alongside the Act (SFS 1990:52). Children’s human rights must therefore be considered when such cases are decided.

     

    This thesis aims to examine and compare the administrative courts’ view on children's rights, for children subjected to child abuse, before and after the Convention on the Rights of the Child was incorporated into Swedish legislation, when the courts apply Act (SFS 1990:52) to decide whether to separate a child from their families. The study is done through a discourse analysis of 20 judgments; 10 judgments before (between 2012-2014) and 10 judgments after (between 2020-2022) the Convention on the Rights of the Child became Swedish law. The theoretical framework is based on children’s rights, and mainly three of the governing principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: the best interests of the child (art. 14), the right to participation (art. 12), and the right to development (art. 6). Ideologies, values, and moral stances are made visible in the analysis of the application of these principles.

     

    In the judgments, generally, a view of children's rights emerges as essentially related to protecting basic needs. The so-called interest perspective on rights, where rights correlate with protecting needs, rather than protecting the expressed will of the person (Maccormick, 1976, s. 306), is the overriding tendency in the study of the judgments. Implicitly, the understanding of the child perspective emerges where the children's best interest and the children's right to development become dominant over the right to participation. The administrative courts understand the children’s best interest and the right to development as mutually dependent and as protectionist principles, where security, care, and emotional support become central expressions in the judgments in general. Family law theorist John Eekelaar (1994, s. 47-48) establishes that the assessment of a child's best interests requires that an objective and a subjective element are brought together, i.e., general knowledge about the child and, also, the child's own experiences and opinion. The objective perspective is prominent in the administrative courts’ assessment of the children's best interests, and the children's needs and narratives are formulated from an adult perspective.

     

    A distinctive change in the judgments after the Convention on the Rights of the Child became Swedish law is that the children's feelings and thoughts are given more space in the administrative courts’ reasoning. The children are referenced to as subjects, and it is thus possible to see increased tendencies towards a children's rights discourse. Also, detailed and advanced reasoning about the children's needs, vulnerability and development appears to a greater extent. Descriptions of how different areas of the children's lives are affected appear frequently in the judgments after the Convention on the Rights of the Child became Swedish law. When using Martha Nussbaum's capability approach (Nussbaum, 2013, s. 30), it is possible to discern in the judgments a view of children's rights where the protection of basic needs, such as physical and mental health, is fundamental to being able to develop autonomy and self-determination. Although the children's experiences, stories and needs are at the center of the judgment, it is formulated from an adult perspective. The children's opinions and expressed wills do not have a prominent role in most judgments. The view that eventually becomes dominant is a protectionist attitude to the rights of children. The protectionist attitude towards children's rights risks increasingly becoming paternalistic in its application when the children's opinions and wills are excluded in the judgments. The understanding of participation that appears is basically connected to participation as a procedural right that aims to protect the needs of the child. Participation as a substantial right has no impact in any of the 20 judgments. Based on an understanding of participation as an expression of human autonomy and dignity, the child does not appear as a subject of his own rights and thus indicates an incomplete children's rights discourse in the judgments both before and after the Convention on the Rights of the Child became Swedish law.

     

     

     

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  • 16. Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Mittuniversitet.
    ‘Oh my god what is happening?’: historic second home communities and post-disaster nostalgia2020In: Journal of Heritage TourismArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nostalgia is an important concept in the study of heritage tourism, especially as a push factor, but less attention is devoted to how nostalgia influences place attachment and vice versa, especially in relation to both individual and collective community experiences. While place attachment has been discussed in the context of second homes, nostalgia has received little attention, with none directed specifically at historic second home communities or those which had recently experienced a disaster. Therefore, this paper presents an analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted among second homeowners in Ocean Beach, New York, which is a century-old second home community with a rich local heritage that was hit by Hurricane Sandy in 2012. The findings show that the respondents display different aspects of nostalgia, in particular endo- and meso- nostalgia. This work conceptualizes meso-nostalgia as an umbrella term for the previously discussed nostalgias which focus on the gray area between personal and collective memories. The findings also show the respondents’ deep connection to the second home landscape, but there was a marked difference between respondents with inherited second homes and those who had purchased them wherein inherited homeowners’ nostalgia was closer to those of permanent residents in previous studies.

  • 17. Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Mittuniversitet.
    Amore, Alberto
    Reframing Rurality: the Impact of Airbnb on Second-home Communities in Wales and Sweden2022In: Peer-to-peer Accommodation and Community Resilience: Implications for Sustainable Development / [ed] Anna Farmaki, Dimitri Ioannides, Stella Kladou, CABI Publishing, 2022, p. 81-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Adielsson, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Det ofria ordet2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 19.
    Adilsdotter, Liin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Konflikthantering och kommunikation inom hälso- och sjukvården: Hur medarbetare uppfattar konflikthanteringen och kommunikationen i det dagliga arbetet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien ämnar undersöka medarbetarnas upplevelser av hur kommunikation och konflikthanteringen av arbetsrelaterade konflikter sköts på den egna avdelningen. Detta görs genom kvalitativa semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Den valda teoretiska utgångspunkten omfattar Thomas Jordans (2019) teorier om Samarbetskultur samt Tre konflikt ansatser som tillämpas på tre konfliktnivåer om: individnivå, relationsnivå och systemnivå. 

    Resultatet visar på brister i konflikhanteringsstrategier som respektive chef och medarbetare utgår ifrån i sin problemlösning. Kommunikationsstörningar förekommer vilket påverkar arbetet jämte relationer och försvårar samarbete och återkoppling. Resultatet har vidare visat konflikter på samtliga nivåer om individ, relation och systemnivå. Detta kan indikera på ett behov av förändringsarbete i bland annat organisationsstrukturen på exempelvis arbetskultur, arbetsorganisation och kommunikationsmönster.

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  • 20.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Strömblad, Per
    Department of Political Science, Linnaeus University.
    Political Integration in Practice: Explaining a Time-Dependent Increase in Political Knowledge among Immigrants in Sweden2018In: Social Inclusion, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 248-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly findings suggest that immigrants in Western countries, in general, participate less in politics and show lower levels of political efficacy than native-born citizens. Research is scarce, however, when it comes to immigrants´ knowledge about politics and public affairs in their new home country, and what happens with this knowledge over the years. This article focuses on immigrants in Sweden, a country known for ambitious multicultural policies, but where immigrants also face disadvantages in areas such as labor and housing markets. Utilizing particularly suitable survey data we find that immigrants, in general, know less about Swedish politics than natives, but also that this difference disappears with time. Exploring the influence of time of residence on political knowledge, the article shows that the positive effect of time in Sweden among immigrants remains after controlling for an extensive set of background factors. Moreover, the article examines this political learning effect through the lens of an Ability-Motivation-Opportunity (AMO) model. The findings suggest that the development of an actual ability to learn about Swedish politics - via education in Sweden, and by improved Swedish language skills - is an especially important explanation for the increase in political knowledge.

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  • 21.
    Adolfo, Eldrigde
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Electoral Violence in Africa2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the time period 2012–2013, over 20 national elections and two constitutional referendums are scheduled in Africa. In several of these elections, violence is anticipated to play a prominent role. There is great urgency to support the establishment of effective and legitimate electoral institutions and electoral frameworks; institute reforms aimed at lowering the stakes of elections; encourage the devolution of powers; improve the socio-economic standing of the populace; and devise strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence.

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  • 22.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Malmqvist, Johan
    Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Research in Habilitation and Disability.
    Granuld, Mats
    Identifying child functioning from an ICF-CY perspective: everyday life situations explored in measures of participation2011In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 33, no 13-14, p. 1230-1244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This study was part of a larger work to develop an authentic measure consisting of code sets for self- or proxy-report of child participation. The aim was to identify common everyday life situations of children and youth based on measures of participation.

    Method. The study was descriptive in nature and involved several stages: systematic search of literature to find articles presenting measures for children and youth with disabilities, identifying measures in selected articles, linking items in included measures to the ICF-CY, analysing content in measures presented as performance and participation and identifying aggregations of ICF-CY codes across these measures.

    Results. A large number of measures for children and youth with disabilities were identified but only 12 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A slight distinction in content and age appropriateness appeared. Measures presented as performance covered all the ICF-CY Activities and Participation chapters, whereas measures presented as participation covered five of nine chapters. Three common everyday life situations emerged from the measures: Moving around, Engagement in play and Recreation and leisure.

    Conclusion. Only a small number of life situations for children and youth emerged from items in selected measures, thus, other sources are needed to identify more everyday life situations.

  • 23.
    Adolfsson, Olivia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Sustainable Food Systems: Leveraging Producer-Retailer Relationships2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: An unsustainable food system in Sweden, marked by power imbalances, limited opportunities for smaller producers, and a lack of collaboration, demands solutions. Many workers in the food system operate as smaller producers, while the retail sector is highly concentrated, dominated by a few major retailers. Due to their significant market share, these retailers have the potential to drive production improvements, sustainability, and innovation by actively supporting smaller producers. However, if these issues remain unaddressed, the entire food system risks becoming increasingly vulnerable to future disruptions. This thesis aims to explain the dynamics within the Swedish food value chain, focusing on the collaboration between established retailers and smaller producers. It seeks to understand how this collaboration can be improved by both parties to foster a more sustainable food system. Through qualitative semi-structured interviews employing a dual-perspective approach from both producers and retailers, it sought an understanding of both actors’ perspectives regarding their current experiences and perceptions. Both producers and retailers acknowledge the need for collaboration, but challenges persist, particularly expressed by the producers. The main theory used, The Ladder of Partnership, highlights the necessity for trust, mutual understanding, and investment in collaboration. While some companies are making efforts, more is required for a sustainable food system. Given the retailer’s market influence, they should lead by creating opportunities for smaller producers, making strategic decisions about market inclusion, and excluding less sustainable options. The thesis advocates for accountability and shared responsibility among all actors in the food system to achieve a sustainable future. The study concludes that the Swedish food value chain relies on collaboration among various actors, and without it, the system's functionality would be compromised. 

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  • 24.
    Af Geijerstam, Anette
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Matintag hos patienter vid akutkirurgisk vårdavdelning2012Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 25.
    af Klintberg, Tilde
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Man kan inte vara tyst och skrika samtidigt.: En genusvetenskaplig analys av medicinsk forskning om flickors/kvinnors sena ADHD-diagnostisering.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en litteraturstudie där jag har analyserat sammanställningar av medicinsk forskning om flickors/kvinnors sena ADHD-diagnostisering ur ett genusvetenskapligt perspektiv. Judith Butlers tankar om genusperformativitet, Yvonne Hirdmans teori om genussystemet samt Nancy Tuanas feministiska epistemologi utgör de teoretiska utgångspunkterna. Analysen utgår från teman som avhandlar psykisk ohälsa, internalisering och självkänsla, samt identifiering och utredning. Resultaten visar att föreställningar om genus har en avgörande roll gällande flickors/kvinnors förutsättningar inom ADHD-diagnostisering, och även förödande konsekvenser. 

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  • 26.
    Aggestam, Karin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Höglund, KristineUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Om krig och fred: En introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan vi förstå uppkomsten och konsekvenserna av dagens konflikter? Vad kan göras för att förhindra att de bryter ut? Och hur kan pågående konflikter lösas på ett sätt som skapar varaktig fred? I denna breda grundbok presenteras centrala frågeställningar och analytiska perspektiv på krig och konflikt, konflikthantering och konfliktlösning, samt fredsbyggande och utveckling. Boken innehåller också illustrativa fallanalyser – allt ifrån första världskriget, kriget i Afghanistan, konflikthantering i Afrika, svensk säkerhetspolitik och försoningsprocesser i Bosnien-Hercegovina till fredsbyggande insatser i Palestina.

  • 27. Aggestam, Karin
    et al.
    Höglund, KristineUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Om krig och fred: En introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Aggestam, Karin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Om studiet av krig och fred2012In: Om krig och fred: En introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier / [ed] Karin Aggestam & Kristine Höglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, p. 23-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Challenging popular myths of sex, gender and biology2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gender and queer perspectives on Evolutionary Biology2010In: Never mind the gap!: Gendering Science in Transgressive Encounters / [ed] M. Blomqvist & E. Ensmyr, Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University. , 2010, p. 143-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Nature queer, vers un point de vue non-normatif sur la diversité biologique.2013In: Le sexe biologique - Anthologie historique et critique Volume 1, Femelles et Mâles ? Histoire naturelle des (deux) sexes / [ed] Thierry Hoquet, Editions Hermann, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Queer nature: towards a non-normative perspective on biological diversity2009In: Body Claims, 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Queering animal sexual behavior in biology textbooks2013In: Confero: Essays on education, philosophy and politics, E-ISSN 2001-4562, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 46-89Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 34.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Sexual selection revisited– towards a gender-neutral theory and practise: A Response to Vandermassen’s Sexual Selection, A Tale of Male Bias and Feminist Denial2007In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 341-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent issue of this journal, Vandermassen suggested that feminists should include sexual selection theory and evolutionary psychology in a unifying theory of human nature. In response, this article aims to offer some insight into the development of sexual selection theory, to caution against Vandermassen’s unreserved assimilation and to promote the opposite ongoing integration – an inclusion of gender perspectives into evolutionary biology. In society today, opinions about maintaining traditional sex roles are often put forward on the basis of what is natural and how animals behave. However, the natural sciences have proved to be pervaded by gendered values and interests; Darwin’s theory of sexual selection has been criticized for being male biased, and partly due to the unwillingness of Darwin’s scientific contemporaries to accept female choice, research has been overwhelmingly focused on males. More recently, theory has become less gender biased and research has come to include a large variety of issues not present in the first version of the theory. However, there is a need to increase the awareness of gender bias in order to develop a gender-neutral evolutionary biology.

  • 35.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Toy story: En vetenskaplig kritik av forskningom apors leksakspreferenser2009In: Tidskrift för genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, no 1, p. 45-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biological sex differences have long been used as argumentsjustifying male dominance and sexist oppression. Animal studies ofsex differences are used to claim that human sex roles have a longevolutionary history. For example, in a study of toy preferences invervet monkeys, the authors conclude that sex-differentiatedobject preferences arose early in human evolution. In this paper Iscrutinize the study and reveal that both the hypotheses, theperformed preference tests and the conclusions drawn are flawed.In the study, the authors hypothesise that male vervets shouldprefer a ball and a car based on the human hunter-gathererhypothesis. Men are suggested to be selected for navigatingabilities useful for hunting and women for nurturing babies. Thishypothesis is then transferred to vervets which is a tree-livingspecies, subsisting of a mainly vegetarian diet, where skills such asnavigating in space ought to be necessary for survival - in bothmales and females. Furthermore, the presentation of toys isconducted in groups, individual interactions with a toy is taken as apreference for the sex of that individual. Therefore it is impossibleto derive individual preferences from these tests. Vervets arematrilinear with females sometimes being dominant to males. Froman animal behaviour framework, I would interpret the preferencesas an interaction between individuals. Perhaps low-rankedindividuals approach new objects first, as they may be dangerous.The results are interpreted and presented with graphs and picturesin order to tell the convincing story about sex differences in toypreference that the authors wanted to find, but there is no support tfor these conclusions.Hence, from the evidence presented in this study, we cannotconclude that human sex-differentiated toy preferences date morethan 23 million years back in time.

  • 36.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Barron, Andrew B.
    Herberstein, Marie E.
    Genital Evolution: Why Are Females Still Understudied?2014In: PLoS biology, ISSN 1544-9173, E-ISSN 1545-7885, Vol. 12, no 5, p. e1001851-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The diversity, variability, and apparent rapid evolution of animal genitalia are a vivid focus of research in evolutionary biology, and studies exploring genitalia have dramatically increased over the past decade. These studies, however, exhibit a strong male bias, which has worsened since 2000, despite the fact that this bias has been explicitly pointed out in the past. Early critics argued that previous investigators too often considered only males and their genitalia, while overlooking female genitalia or physiology. Our analysis of the literature shows that overall this male bias has worsened with time. The degree of bias is not consistent between subdisciplines: studies of the lock-and-key hypothesis have been the most male focused, while studies of cryptic female choice usually consider both sexes. The degree of bias also differed across taxonomic groups, but did not associate with the ease of study of male and female genital characteristics. We argue that the persisting male bias in this field cannot solely be explained by anatomical sex differences influencing accessibility. Rather the bias reflects enduring assumptions about the dominant role of males in sex, and invariant female genitalia. New research highlights how rapidly female genital traits can evolve, and how complex coevolutionary dynamics between males and females can shape genital structures. We argue that understanding genital evolution is hampered by an outdated single-sex bias.

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  • 37.
    Ahlbom, Katinka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Från konstverk till dokument. Artists books och bibliotek2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 38.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ledberg Knöchel, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Björnehed, Emma
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Professional ambitions and organizational inertia: Analyzing the professionalization projects of the Swedish Military and Police2022Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the professionalization project of the Swedish military and police and the interplay between profession and organization. Previous literature has suggested that the relationship between professions and organizations are crucial for understanding matters such as organizational change and the development of professional work. Against this background, we start with the assumption that the relationship between professions and organizations is an important variable also for the development and evolvement of professionalization undertakings. We start by mapping ambitions and concrete measures, undertaken from the 1990s onwards, to professionalize these two forces. Following the understanding of professionalization as the scientification of work, we study changes in officer education as well as ambitions to increase the linkage between research and the conduct of professional work. We thereafter analyze to what extent the receiving end has adopted to the input side of these reforms, by studying the importance of scientification when it comes to what knowledge base officers rely on when conducting work; the linkage between scientification and admission, promotion and the status of officers as teachers or researchers. We conclude that there is no immediate correlation between efforts to reform these professional groups and their impact on the organization. Despite similar ambitions by the state, the Swedish military and police have responded differently. We further conclude that for externally initiated professionalization reforms to have an effect, they cannot solely target the professional groups, but also the organization.

  • 39. Ahlers, Rhodante
    et al.
    Cleaver, F.
    Rusca, M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Schwartz, K.
    Informal space in the urban waterscape: Disaggregation and co-production of water services2014In: Water Alternatives, E-ISSN 1965-0175, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 40.
    Ahlgren, Mathias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Informationshantering på riksdagens utredningstjänst - en fenomenografisk undersökning om utredares uppfattningar av informationskompetens2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pagin, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen..
    Svedberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, no 1, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 42.
    Ahlgren, Thea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Intellektuella horor och Daddy’s Girls: – om skeva flickor, femininitet och sexualitet i Sara Stridsbergs pjäs Valerie Jean Solanas ska bli president i Amerika2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 43.
    Ahlqvist, Felizia Torres
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    On the Battleground of Women’s Bodies: A comparative case study on the effects of gendered nationalism on conflict-related sexual violence2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Ahlzén, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Klassifikation av semantik. En jämförelse av SAB-systemet och Dewey Decimal Classification ur domänanalytiskt perspektiv2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 45.
    Ahmad, Abeer Salah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Development Assistance for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR): Descriptive analysis of disbursements by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) for 2010-2018 using a developed tracking model2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: After 25 years from the International Conference on Population and Development in Beijing, women and adolescents around the world are still not able to access Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) services. Investing in development assistance is viewed as a way of improving access to SRHR and attaining the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. However, there is limited knowledge of how aid is disbursed, and there is a lack of well-defined SRHR categories that can guide aid interventions.

    Aim: To contribute to the understanding of SRHR disbursements of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) through developing a comprehensive SRHR aid tracking model. 

    Methods: A model that categorises SRHR was developed (The Intervention Comprehensive SRHR Intervention Tracker “ICIT”). Then, Sida’s disbursements for 2010-2018 were analysed and categorised using the ICIT model and Guttmacher Essential Package of Intervention (GEPI).

    Result: SRHR disbursements have been increasing reaching to MSEK 1603 in 2018. Disbursements to sexual health-related infectious diseases have been dramatically decreasing while disbursements allocated to combat gender-based violence are increasing. However,  SRHR-related non-communicable diseases were the least targeted. Finally, the ICIT model included categories that were missing in GEPI.

    Conclusion: Sida’s disbursements have covered a wide variety of SRHR services; however, further research is recommended to study the least funded areas. Also, the study highlighted the need to improve SRHR aid reporting. The ICIT model analysed SRHR fund in a more comprehensive approach than GEPI; however, its limitations need further validation which might guide future tracking models.

  • 46.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology. Uppsala universitet.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    School of Health and Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Zandi, Saeid
    Faculty of Psychology and Education, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
    Meaning-Making Coping With COVID-19 in Academic Settings: The Case of Sweden2021In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we map and describe the coping methods used by members of the university community in Sweden to deal with the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic. This study, which used simple random sampling, was quantitative. It employed a modified version of the RCOPE instrument as well as items from earlier studies of meaning-making coping in Sweden. Among participants (n = 277, 64% women), the most frequently used coping method was nature as a resource in dealing with stress and sadness, followed by listening to the sounds of surrounding nature and thinking of life as part of a greater whole; these coping methods were the most common in all subgroups studied. We used a cultural perspective to better understand the application of certain meaning-making coping methods. 

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  • 47.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    Univ Gävle, Gävle, Sweden..
    Zandi, Saeid
    Allameh Tabatabai Univ, Tehran, Iran.;Allameh Tabatabai Univ, Fac Psychol andEducat, Dept Counselling, West Hemmat Highway, Tehran 1489684511, Iran..
    Khodayarifard, Mohammad
    Univ Tehran, Tehran, Iran..
    Cetrez, Önver
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Univ Gävle, Gävle, Sweden..
    Job Satisfaction and Overcoming the Challenges of Teleworking in Times of COVID-19: A Pilot Study Among Iranian University Community2023In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 13, no 2, article id 21582440231173654Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The coronavirus pandemic changed the academic world in many ways, and most academic institutions continue operating through teleworking. The aim of the present study was to determine how satisfied the university community (faculty/staff members and students) in Iran has been with remote work, and the ways in which they have dealt with the lockdown and working from home during the coronavirus pandemic. A survey was conducted among 196 academics from different universities in Iran. The results show that a majority of our participants (54%) are very or somewhat satisfied with the current work-from-home arrangement. The most frequently used methods for managing the challenges of teleworking were social contacts with colleagues or classmates at a distance, solidarity and offering kindness and support to the people around them. The least used coping method was trusting state or local health authorities in Iran. The coping strategies that have the highest impact on overall teleworking satisfaction are "Make myself busy with my working day because it makes me feel useful,""I care for my mental and physical health," and "Think about what I can do rather than what I can't do." The findings were discussed in detail, taking into consideration the theoretical approaches, as well as bringing forth more dynamic aspects of the culture.

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  • 48.
    Ahmadi, Feresteh
    et al.
    Gävle Högskola.
    Zandi, Saeid
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Job satisfaction and challenges of working from home at the time of COVID-19: A study in a Swedish academic setting2022In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 71, no 2, p. 357-370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic changed the academic world in variousways, and most universities are still closed and continue operating via teleworking. OBJECTIVE : This study is intended to investigate how university faculty/staff andstudents in Sweden have coped with the lockdown and working/studying from homeduring the pandemic. METHODS : A survey was conducted among 277 women andmen working and studying at different universities in Sweden. RESULTS : The resultsindicate that most (61%) respondents were very or somewhat satisfied with the currentwork-from-home arrangement. Additionally, they indicate that, overall, almost 30%were working more than usual due to the pandemic and teleworking. The copingmethods having the highest impact on overall job satisfaction were: “thinking aboutwhat I can do rather than what I can’t do”; “being able to access medical resources andmedical services if I need to seek help”; and “having trust in state or health authoritiesin my country.” CONCLUSIONS : The study reveals that Sweden can serve as a goodexample of how university faculty/staff and students can address the occupationalchallenges caused by a health pandemic and possible subsequent quarantines.

  • 49.
    Ahmadov, Elshad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    European Central Bank Independence and Democracy2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS). Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Andersson, Lina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Perceptions of gay, lesbian, and heterosexual domestic violence among undergraduates in Sweden2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an experimental study of perceptions about gay, lesbian, and heterosexual domestic violence in Sweden. More than 1,000 participants were asked to read one out of eight possible fictitious scenarios of domestic violence in married couple relationships and subsequently respond to a questionnaire. Sexual orientation, victims’ and batterers’ gender, and severity of the violence varied across the different scenarios. The clearest result of this study was that participants perceived domestic violence to be significantly more serious when a man battered his wife than in any other case (i.e., when a woman battered her husband, when a gay man battered his husband, or when a lesbian woman battered her wife). In all types of relationships, participants matched their perceptions of domestic violence to the level of severity of the violence and participants with more negative attitudes toward women perceived domestic violence as less serious. Female participants were more concerned about lesbian domestic violence than male participants. Attitudes toward gays and lesbians mattered little for the perceptions of domestic violence.

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