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  • 1. Allvin, Michael
    Putting Boundaries Around Boundaryless Jobs: A Study of Staffing Nurses Ability to Influence their Working Conditions2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2. Allvin, Michael
    The New Rules of Work2003In: Boundaryless Work, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3. Allvin, Michael
    Work Without Borders: Organizing Work and Life in Boundaryless Jobs2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4. Allvin, Michael
    et al.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Hagström, Tom
    Johansson, Gunn
    Lundberg, Ulf
    Boundaryless Work: A Pilot Study1999Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Allvin, Michael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Mellner, Christin
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Movitz, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Den utbredda flexibiliteten: Ett försök att beräkna förekomsten av lågreglerade arbetsvillkor2012In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 9-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Allvin, Michael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Mellner, Christin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Movitz, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholms universitet.
    The Diffusion of Flexibility: Estimating the Incidence of Low-Regulated Working Conditions2013In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 99-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to determine the actual occurrences of flexible working conditions and to demonstrate an instrument for their assessment. Flexibility is discussed as a concept and defined in terms of deregulation of work, and a corresponding increase in self-government and ambiguity. Using empirical data from a national survey of the Swedish labor force, the results show that almost half (47%) of the jobs on the Swedish labor market can be characterized as low, or even unregulated. This means that almost half of the Swedish work force is subjected to working conditions involving a nonnegligible requirement for self-government.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jemt, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Den anställningsbara personalvetaren: en jämförande studie gällande vilka typer av kompetenser som gör personalvetare anställningsbara i Sverige respektive Sydafrika2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the employability of persons working with human resources (HR-person) in Sweden and South Africa, with a focus on informal competences. The purpose of the study was to examine what kind of skills that make HR-persons employable from anemployer´s perspective, and how these types of skills are valued. The purpose was furthermore to investigate whether there is a difference in the perception of the abovebetween Swedish and South African employers. Out of this, four questions were formulated in order to substantiate the purpose. The questions were intended to clarifywhat types of competences make HR-persons employable in the respective countries, to clarify how competences were valued and if there were any differences between the two countries. As the study involves subjective assessments of what makes HR-persons employable, and as the empirical material was gathered from two countries with differentlanguages and cultures, only interviews were used as a method for collecting data.Furthermore, the Lindelöw competence model and its enclosed definitions of competences have been used for the valuation of competences, made by the persons interviewed. The empirical data thus consisted of results from interviews - three in each country - with persons responsible for, or involved in, the recruitment of HR-persons in the companies´ human resources departments within each country. The theories used for analyzing our results from the interviews were Ellström´s division of the concept of competence, Keen´s division of the concept of competence and Lindelöw´s model of competences. The results indicate that the Swedish employers focus a lot on the HR-persons values, experiences, motivational and emotional reasons behind the certain actions as well as knowledge and intellectual skills. The South African employers were instead focusing more on how the person fits in and complements the existing group.Furthermore, they highly valued the experience, knowledge and intellectual and social skills. Certain minor differences can however be detected in valuation of specific competence. As a general note, it could also be perceived that the Swedish employers seem to value the intellectual skills higher than the South African, and the South Africanemployers have a slightly bigger demand for leadership abilities than the Swedish. The most obvious differences are the expression of different valuations of specificcompetences, the differences in the interviewees competence ranking.

  • 8.
    Angelov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Eliason, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Wage subsidies targeted to jobseekers with disabilities: subsequent employment and disability retirement2018In: IZA Journal of Labor Policy, ISSN 2193-9004, E-ISSN 2193-9004, Vol. 7, article id UNSP 12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, a non-negligible percentage of the working-age population has impairments that also entail reduced work capacity, and disability retirement is increasing. Despite this, studies on the effects of policies aimed at enhancing the labour market inclusion among people with disabilities, such as targeted wage subsidies, are surprisingly few. In an attempt to fill this gap, we have studied how wage subsidies affect future labour market outcomes for jobseekers with disabilities, in terms of employment and disability retirement. By using inverse probability weighting applied to rich Swedish register data, we contrast participants in the wage subsidy program to observably similar non-participants during a 19-year period. We find that participation was associated with both positive and negative labour market outcomes. On the negative side, participants were less likely to have unsubsidised employment. On the positive side, leaving the labour market through the disability insurance program was somewhat less common among participants. Moreover, using a broader employment measure including subsidised jobs, the participants were found to be employed to a larger extent, which could be interpreted either as locking-in effects or as fostering labour market inclusion.

  • 9.
    Ba, Bocar A.
    et al.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Ham, John C.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.;Univ Wisconsin, IRP, Madison, WI USA.;IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    LaLonde, Robert J.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA.;IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    Li, Xianghong
    York Univ, N York, ON, Canada..
    Estimating (Easily Interpreted) Dynamic Training Effects from Experimental Data2017In: Journal Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, E-ISSN 1537-5307, Vol. 35, p. S149-S200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the effect of endogenous training participation on transitions in and out of employment for disadvantaged women in the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) study. Decomposing the effect of training on employment into its effects on transitions in and out of employment has the potential to develop more effective programs. We also consider a potentially serious identification problem that arises when individuals do not undertake training immediately, and we propose a test to shed light on this problem. We find that this problem is not important in our context. JTPA classroom training substantially reduced unemployment durations, and thus it complements programs that increase employment durations.

  • 10.
    Bean, Christopher G.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Winefield, Helen
    School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Australia.
    Sargent, Charli
    Appleton Institute for Behavioural Science, Central Queensland University, Australia.
    Hutchinson, Amanda
    School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia, Australia.
    Differential associations of job control components with both waist circumference and body mass index2015In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION:The Job Demand-Control-Support (JDCS) model is commonly used to investigate associations between psychosocial work factors and employee health, yet research considering obesity using the JDCS model remains inconclusive.

    OBJECTIVE:This study investigates which parts of the JDCS model are associated with measures of obesity and provides a comparison between waist circumference (higher values imply central obesity) and body mass index (BMI, higher values imply overall obesity).

    METHODS:Contrary to common practice, in this study the JDCS components are not reduced into composite or global scores. In light of emerging evidence that the two components of job control (skill discretion and decision authority) could have differential associations with related health outcomes, components of the JDCS model were analysed at the subscale level. A cross-sectional design with a South Australian cohort (N = 450) combined computer-assisted telephone interview data and clinic-measured height, weight and waist circumference.

    RESULTS:After controlling for sex, age, household income, work hours and job nature (blue vs. white-collar), the two components of job control were the only parts of the JDCS model to hold significant associations with measures of obesity. Notably, the associations between skill discretion and waist circumference (b = -.502, p = .001), and skill discretion and BMI (b = -.163, p = .005) were negative. Conversely, the association between decision authority and waist circumference (b = .282, p = .022) was positive.

    CONCLUSION:These findings are significant since skill discretion and decision authority are typically combined into a composite measure of job control or decision latitude. Our findings suggest skill discretion and decision authority should be treated separately since combining these theoretically distinct components may conceal their differential associations with measures of obesity, masking their individual importance. Psychosocial work factors displayed stronger associations and explained greater variance in waist circumference compared with BMI, and possible reasons for this are discussed.

  • 11.
    Bean, Christopher
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Winefield, Helen
    School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Australia.
    Hutchinson, Amanda
    School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia, Australia.
    Sargent, Charli
    Appleton Institute for Behavioural Science, Central Queensland University, Australia.
    Shi, Zumin
    Human Nutrition Department, College of Health Sciences, Qatar University, Qatar.
    Unique associations of the Job Demand-Control-Support model subscales with leisure-time physical activity and dietary energy intake.2018In: Industrial Health, ISSN 0019-8366, E-ISSN 1880-8026Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and dietary energy intake are two important health behaviours, which at too low or high levels respectively, are associated with overweight and obesity. This study explores associations between subscales of the Job Demand-Control-Support (JDCS) model, LTPA and dietary energy intake. A cross-sectional design sampled current employees (N=433) from a South Australian cohort using a computer-assisted telephone interview and a self-completed food frequency questionnaire. In analyses adjusted for sex, age, and sociodemographic variables, higher levels of skill discretion were associated with increased odds for attaining sufficient physical activity (OR=2.45; 95% CI=1.10-5.47). Higher levels of decision authority were associated with reduced odds (OR=0.43; 95% CI=0.20-0.93) for being in the highest tertile of daily energy intake. Higher scores for coworker support were associated with increased odds (OR=2.20; 95% CI=1.15-4.23) for being in the highest tertile of daily energy intake. These findings support the consideration of the individual JDCS subscales, since this practice may reveal novel associations with health behaviour outcomes, thereby presenting new opportunities to improve employee health and wellbeing.

  • 12.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörns högskola, Huddinge.
    Att verka för jämlika arbetsplatser: En studie av jämlikhet och ojämlikhet mellan anställda i äldrevården2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Populärvetenskaplig rapport från ett projekt om ojämlikhet mellan kvinnliga och manliga anställda och mellan anställda från olika delar av världen i svensk äldrevård samt förslag till förbättrad jämlikhet på arbetsplatserna.

  • 13.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet .
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköpings universitet .
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörns högskola .
    Speaking up, leaving or keeping silent: Racialized employees in the Swedish elderly care sector2017In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 954-971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When encountering problems and dissatisfaction in the workplace, employees may choose between three strategies: voice; exit; or silence. Using survey data and interview material from a study of employees in an elderly care organization in Sweden, this article investigates the workers’ perceptions of the eligibility and prospects of these strategies and which individual characteristics and situational factors might affect them. The focus is on racialized workers (operationalized through their region of birth) who, according to earlier studies, are less likely than other employees to choose voice behaviour. Contrary to some earlier studies, the results here attribute such a propensity to the importance of power differences across ‘racial hierarchies’ rather than to differences in cultural values. Individuals in this (racialized) category have a lower occupational status, earn less and experience less favourable relationships with their managers.

  • 14.
    Berg, Elisabeth Gräslund
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Du Pradel, Carolina Durieu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Fiebranz, Rosemarie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Jacobsson, Benny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Jansson, Karin Hassan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Lennersand, Marie
    Lindberg, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Lindström, Dag
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Lindström, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Ling, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Mispelaere, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Oja, Linda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Pihl, Christopher
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Rydén, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Ågren, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Östman, Ann-Catrin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Praktiker som gör skillnad: Om den verb-inriktade metoden2013In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 133, no 3, p. 335-354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the so-called verb-oriented method and its role in the research project Gender and Work in early modern Sweden (GaW), which is based at Uppsala University. It provides a presentation of the GaW-database, which has been designed to allow analysis according to the verb-method. Finally, the article points out that this method can be combined with a number of different theoretical approaches as long as the focus is on practices. It is therefore compatible with the approaches of e.g., Judith Butler, Michel de Certeau, and Amartya Sen. Work is defined as "time-use with the purpose of making a living" and the article discusses why data on time-use, or actual work activities, are better suited for research into early modern Swedish working life than other types of data. It shows that activities are usually described in the sources by verb-phrases, and explains how and from what sources verb-phrases are collected and analyzed within the project. In order to allow for generalizations the verb-method presupposes large amounts of data. This is the rationale for the GaW-database, which at present includes around 5000 verb-phrases and 75000 data posts.

  • 15.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Behtoui, Reza
    Neergaard, Anders
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Motstånd - valet mellan protest, sorti och tystnad för invandrade och infödda anställda i äldrevården2016In: Makt och inflytande i arbetslivet / [ed] Holmqvist, Margaretha, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2016Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Butterfield, Hanna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Johansson, Jennika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Psykosocialt välmående förbättrar kvalitetssäkringen för brukare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The psychosocial well-being of the staff in daily operations has a major impact on the users' own development. The need for work training for people with certain disabilities is based today on the Act on Support and Service, the persons who receive a decision granted for this form of work training are placed on a daily activity to in the future be able to step out into working life and handle a profession as too many of us is not seen as a major challenge.

    The lack of time that prevails among the staff, in turn, leads to the users not getting the help they need and unfortunately their development is slowed down and the first step out into the working life is increasingly slipping away from them. The individual has their needs which the staff needs to take into account, but today they are not able to handle when the staff has too many users to be responsible for.

    The resources in the business are too few to take care of the people who are entitled to help with legal decisions. Time optimization for the tasks and a mapping of what should be prioritized can generate a more comfortable workplace, but primarily a quality assurance where the user is at the center.

  • 17.
    Ekvall, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Individuell lönesättning ur ett kompetensperspektiv: En studie om kompetensens roll vid individuell lönesättning inom statlig organisation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den kollektiva   tanken om ”lika lön för lika arbete” var länge mottot i svensk lönepolitik. Denna tanke har övergått i allt högre grad till att belöna varje enskild   individ efter dennes egna prestationer och personliga egenskaper. Samhället   har gått mot ett individfokus och likaså har även tankarna kring   lönesättning. De senaste tjugo åren har den individuella lönesättningen varit   dominerande på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Vitsen med individuell lön är,   för företagen, att motivera och styra medarbetare mot de prestationer och mål   som önskas. Väl utförda och genomförda arbetsuppgifter samt önskvärda   personliga egenskaper och beteenden skall belönas genom högre lön. 

    Kompetens, ett vanligt förekommande arbetsrelaterat begrepp, ligger även till grund för lönesättning idag. Men vad innebär det egentligen att vara kompetent? Fenomenet kan operationaliseras och brytas ner i många olika aspekter och kan därför vara svårt att sätta fingret på som ett enskilt och eget begrepp. Problemet med att lönesätta efter kompetens är således att begreppet har så många olika subjektiva betydelser. Att lönesätta utifrån utbildningsbakgrund, erfarenheter och kunskaper är förhållandevis lätt då dessa aspekter som regel finns dokumenterade eller är mätbara. Men hur går man egentligen tillväga för att mäta de kompetenser som finns hos individen? Och hur gör man för att rättvist bedöma dessa kompetenser och belöna därefter?

    För att se närmare på problemet har jag, i en statlig organisation, utfört en undersökning med en HR-specialist med ansvar för företagets löneprocesser, i form av en intervju, samt genomfört en enkätundersökning med ett antal, strategiskt utvalda, medarbetare i företaget som blir lönesatta individuellt. Studien visar att företaget jag valt att studera lägger störst fokus på prestation och någon form utav helhetsbedömning vid lönesättning. Studien visar även att personalen har dålig uppfattning om huruvida kompetensen vägs in vid lönesättning överhuvudtaget. Resultaten av studien visar även att det studerade företaget inte använder begreppet kompetens som enskilt begrepp utan har valt att bryta ner det till mätbara kriterier. Studiens enkätundersökning fick relativt låg svarsfrekvens vilket har lett till svårigheter med att få fram ett generaliserbart och representativt resultat men trots detta har en analys kunnat göras då svaren pekar i någon riktning och kvaliteten på intervjun var god och gav en god överblick över företagets kultur.

  • 18.
    Eliason, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Assistant and auxiliary nurses in crisis times Earnings, employment, and income effects of female job loss in the Swedish public sector2014In: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, Vol. 35, no 8, p. 1159-1184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the earnings, employment and income effects of job displacement among female assistant and auxiliary nurses - two hard-hit female-dominated occupations - in Sweden during the economic crisis of the 1990s. Design/methodology/approach - Using register data, assistant and auxiliary nurses who were displaced due to mass-layoffs during the crisis years were identified, as well as an appropriate control group. The study population could be followed for a maximum of 13 years. Mean effects were estimated using a propensity score weighted fixed effect estimator. In a supplementary analysis, propensity score weighted quantile effects were estimated. Findings - Job loss among women in the public sector seems to have had similar earnings and employment consequences as previously found for job loss among men in the private sector. However, the social insurance system replaced a majority of the lost earnings. Moreover, a distributional analysis revealed that the income and earnings losses were limited to the lower part of the distributions. Social implications - Budget consolidation measures to restore health to public finances in the aftermath of the Great Recession are likely to have long-lasting adverse consequences for some. Although many of those losing their jobs are likely to quickly regain employment at a comparable earnings level, the unlucky few may bear most of the costs. Originality/value - The author is aware of no previously published research that has investigated either the impact of job displacement in the public sector or the distributional effect of job displacement.

  • 19.
    Grönqvist, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Lindqvist, Erik
    Stockholm Sch Econ, Stockholm, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden..
    The Making of a Manager: Evidence from Military Officer Training2016In: Journal Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, E-ISSN 1537-5307, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 869-898Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that officer training during the Swedish military service has a strong positive effect on the probability of attaining a managerial position later in life. The most intense type of officer training increases the probability of becoming a civilian manager by about 5 percentage points, or 75%. Officer training also increases educational attainment post-military service. We argue that the effect on civilian leadership could be due to the acquisition of leadership-specific skills during the military service, and we present suggestive evidence related to alternative mechanisms, such as signaling, networks, and training unrelated to leadership.

  • 20.
    Gunnarsson, Linn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Nordenström, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Fackföreningarna mot framtiden: En studie om fackföreningarnas legitimeringsprocesser2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att den svenska arbetsmarknaden blir allt mer globaliserad, individualiserad och flexibel ställs nya krav på fackföreningarnas tjänster. Från att under en lång tidsperiod ha kunnat vila på den svenska partsmodellens goda rykte, talas det nu om att fackföreningarna måste anta en ny roll och nya strategier för att överleva på arbetsmarknaden. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur fackföreningar inom tjänstemannasektorn diskursivt konstruerar sin roll på arbetsmarknaden samt legitimerar sin verksamhet. Materialet som har använts har bestått av handlingsprogram och videor från Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation och dess två största medlemsförbund Unionen och Vision. På materialet har vi utfört en diskursanalys där Foucaults diskursbegrepp har stått som teori. Med hjälp av Berger & Luckmanns institutionella teori och legitimeringsbegrepp har vi sedan kunnat analysera resultatet ur en samhällelig kontext. Resultatet av diskursanalysen gav att tre legitimerande diskurser har kunnat identifieras i TCO, Unionen och Visions handlingsprogram och filmer. Dessa var Arbetsmarknadsdiskursen, Förändringsdiskursen och Medlemsdiskursen. Vår Analys gav att fackföreningarna genom dessa diskurser konstruerar en bild av sig själva som en grundstomme i svensk arbetsmarknads uppbyggnad. Genom diskursiva konstruktioner av problem och dess lösningar, kombinerat med erbjudanden och lockande beskrivningar av medlemmarna så placerar de sedan sig själva som en essentiell part på dagens och framtidens arbetsmarknad. 

  • 21.
    Ham, John C.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore 117548, Singapore.;IRP, Uppsala, Sweden.;IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    Li, Xianghong
    York Univ, N York, ON M3J 1P3, Canada..
    Shore-Sheppard, Lara D.
    Williams Coll, Williamstown, MA 01267 USA.;Bur Econ Res, Washington, DC USA..
    The Employment Dynamics of Disadvantaged Women: Evidence from the SIPP2016In: Journal Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, E-ISSN 1537-5307, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 899-944Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the employment dynamics of disadvantaged families is increasingly important. We estimate duration models describing these dynamics for disadvantaged single mothers and use them to conduct a rich set of counterfactual analyses. We use a misreporting model to correct for "seam bias," the problem that too many transitions are reported between reference periods in panel data. We find effects of demographics, minimum wages, unemployment rates, and maximum welfare benefits, but not policy changes introduced through state welfare waivers, on employment dynamics. We find that two commonly used ad hoc methods of addressing seam bias perform substantially worse than our approach.

  • 22.
    Hasse, Nordlöf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Förutsättningar och möjligheter för företag att prioritera och bedriva arbetsmiljö- och säkerhetsarbete2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Många företag saknar idag ett fungerande systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete (SAM) som uppfyller lagens krav fullt ut. Istället tycks andra dagliga aktiviteter ha högre prioritet. Detta är en presentation av ett avhandlingsarbete, vars övergripande syfte var att undersöka förutsättningar och möjligheter för tillverkande företag att prioritera och arbeta med säkerheten och arbetsmiljön; med särskilt fokus på yrkesroller, företagsstorlek, säkerhetskultur och finansiella nyckeltal. Fyra delstudier (I–IV) ingår i denna avhandling, vilka är baserade på tre datainsamlingar. En enkät som mätte arbetsmiljöprioritering besvarades av 249 representanter vid 142 tillverkande företag (I & II). Fokusgruppintervjuer genomfördes med 66 arbetare på ett stort ståltillverkningsföretag, där deras erfarenheter och uppfattningar om säkerhet och risker i arbetet diskuterades (III). En enkät som mätte SAM, säkerhetskultur och arbetsmiljöprioritering besvarades av 280 representanter vid 197 tillverkande företag (IV). Information om företagens finansiella nyckeltal hämtades från ett kreditupplysningsföretag. De viktigaste resultaten från de fyra delstudierna kan bland annat sammanfattas med att lönsamheten uppfattades vara det mest prioriterade intresset vid företagen (I), och att avvägningar mellan produktivitet och säkerhet ansågs vara ett hinder för att kunna arbeta på ett säkert sätt (III). Chefer uppfattade generellt att arbetsmiljön prioriterades mer på företagen än vad skyddsombuden gjorde (I & IV). Uppfattningar om arbetsmiljöprioritering skiljde sig dock inte åt beroende på företagsstorlek (II & IV). Ansvaret för säkerheten på arbetet ansågs främst vila hos den enskilda individen, och risktagande betraktades komma ur en kombination av individuella faktorer och yttre omständigheter i arbetsmiljön (III). Att vara ett större företag, ha positiv säkerhetskultur och hög kreditvärdighet visade sig ha samband med att också ha ett bättre utvecklat SAM (IV). På motsvarande sätt, att vara ett mindre företag, ha negativ säkerhetskultur och låg kreditvärdighet befanns ha samband med att också ha ett sämre utvecklat SAM.

  • 23.
    Hasse, Nordlöf
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Högberg, Hans
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    To measure OHS management practices in manufacturing companies2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Manufacturing companies are bound to manage many different processes in their day-to-day operations. A systematic management of occupational health and safety (OHS) factors is necessary in order to comply with OHS legislation. Work environmental risks should be assessed and controlled, and if not controlled immediately, an action plan should be established and followed up on later. A successful OHS management should reduce hazards in the workplace and protect worker health and safety. But how can we accurately measure how well companies actually comply with OHS legislation? Earlier measures exist, but they often assess the perceptions of the respondent rather than the circumstance of the company. The aim of this study was to develop and utilize a way to measure OHS management practices, by using a self-report-questionnaire distributed to companies.   

    Methods: A questionnaire was developed in several steps. OHS legislation and earlier studies were read in order to identify different relevant indicators for OHS management compliance. These indicators were then compiled, sorted, and narrowed down in order to produce a manageable and relevant list of 13 indicators. A criterion for relevant indicators was that they together should provide appropriate information on whether a company has come far, or not so far, in arranging a systematic OHS management. A yes–no question was formulated for each of the indicators. Three examples of indicators were: whether the company has written routines stating how the OHS management should be carried out or not, whether written risk assessments have been conducted during the last 12 months or not, and whether the company has routines in place for reporting incidents that occur (near-misses and accidents) or not. The indicators and questions were chosen and formulated in order to measure as much of an objective circumstance at the companies as possible. The rationale is that, either the companies have an arrangement for these indicators, or they do not. Questionnaires were sent to a sample of manufacturing companies (n=238) in central Sweden, for one manager and one safety delegate per company to answer.

    Results and discussion: Taken together, the 13 indicators formed an OHS management practices index. A yes-answer for each indicator was counted as 1 and no as 0, and the scores were summed together. Other measures were also collected for this study: companies’ safety culture, overall work environment priority, company profitability, and company size. The OHS management practices index will undergo psychometric testing for validity and reliability, such as test-retest and Cronbach’s alpha test statistic. The development process and usability of the OHS management practices measure will be presented in more detail at the conference. We believe that this novel measure of OHS management practices, as employed in this study, can be of interest for future research within the field of OHS. This approach provides a relatively straightforward way to measure companies’ OHS management practice using questionnaire items.

  • 24.
    Hasse, Nordlöf
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Winblad, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg. Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet..
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    A description of reasons for risk-taking at a large steel manufacturing company2013In: Ergonomics for equality: Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES), Reykjavík, Iceland, 11-14 august 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Risk-taking in an industrial work environment is a serious matter since it involves the risk for bodily injuries and in worst case death. The aim of this study was to investigate reasons for risk-taking at a large steel manufacturing company in Sweden which employs about 1000 people.

    Methods: Ten focus group interviews were conducted, each consisting of about 6–8 workers. The situation of safety at work was discussed in a semi-structured manner, letting the employees themselves explain the reasons behind risk-taking. The interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Reasons for risk-taking were formed into the following six aspects: 1.Being new-at-work. 2.Being tired. 3.Being nonchalant to the safety risks. 4.Working on routine and being “blind-to-flaws”. 5.Too little staff to do the job. 6.To stress, hurry, and work faster in order to save time. Conclusion: One’s state-of-the-day and external work environment circumstances affects risk-taking.

  • 25.
    Hasse, Nordlöf
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Winblad, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg. Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet..
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    En beskrivning av anledningar till risktagande vid ett stort stålindustriföretag2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Risktagande i en industriell arbetsmiljö är allvarligt eftersom det involverar risk för kroppsskada eller i värsta fall död. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka anledningar till risktagande, beskrivna av arbetare. Studien genomfördes i samarbete med ett stort svenskt stålindustriföretag med cirka 1000 anställda på den berörda orten.

    Metod: Studien hade en kvalitativ och beskrivande studiedesign. Datainsamlingen bestod av tio fokusgruppintervjuer med ca 6–8 arbetare per grupp och deltagarna var anställda i produktionen. Deltagarna rekryterades från samtliga av företagets fem huvudavdelningar för att få ett urval med maximal variation, och det slumpades fram vilka skiftlag som tillfrågades att delta. Intervjuerna hade en längd av 75 minuter och spelades in digitalt med en diktafon. Säkerhet på arbetet diskuterades på ett semi-strukturerat sätt, genom att låta arbetarna själva berätta och förklara anledningar till risktagande. Under intervjuerna lades betoningen på följdfrågor där deltagarna ombads att utveckla sina svar och använda egna exempel. Därutöver samlades bakgrundsdata in om deltagarna genom att de fyllde i ett kort frågeformulär. Intervjuerna transkriberades ordagrant och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Anledningar till risktagande formades till följande sex aspekter: 1.Att vara ny på jobbet. 2.Att vara trött. 3.Att vara nonchalant inför riskerna. 4.Att arbeta på rutin och vara ”hemmablind”. 5.Att det finns för lite personal för att göra jobbet. 6.Att stressa, skynda sig och arbeta fortare för att spara tid. Ett incitament för anställda att riskera sin egen säkerhet kan till exempel vara att inte använda de avsedda verktygen för att snabbt få igång produktionen igen om ett stopp inträffar. Arbetarna upplevde att ledningen inte vill att produktionen ska gå långsamt, vilket dock användandet av rätt verktyg kan medföra. De upplevde också att ledningen inte vill att tillfälliga personalreduceringar skall påverka produktionstakten. Slutsats: Dels individens dagsform och dels yttre omständigheter i arbetsmiljön påverkar risktagandet.

  • 26.
    Hedmo, Tina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Svenska universitetsreformer: Autonomi och styrning i perspektiv2017In: Det ostyrda universitetet: perspektiv på styrning, autonomi och reform av svenska lärosäten / [ed] Linda Wedlin, Josef Pallas, Stockholm/Göteborg: Makadam , 2017, p. 38-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Henriksson, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ådahl, Petter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Vem styr vem?: Makten över det möjligas gräns i ett gränslöst kontorslandskap.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats bygger på en observationsstudie som undersöker den aktivitetsbaserade kontorsmiljön utifrån hur den fysiska platsen och miljön styr och styrs av de människor och objekt som befinner sig på platsen. Syftet är att bidra till en djupare förståelse för hur makt kan manifesteras genom att handlande möjliggörs, uppmuntras och begränsas i fysiska rum, såväl av objekten som av människorna som befinner sig på platsen.

    Till skillnad från tidigare studier i fältet, som främst har fokuserat på hur det aktivitetsbaserade arbetssättet påverkat de anställdas hälsa, välmående och motivation, så ämnar denna uppsats att deskriptivt kartlägga den studerade kontorsmiljön och hur interaktionen mellan aktanter på arbetsplatsen ter sig. Detta görs genom att genomföra en deltagande observationsstudie på en arbetsplats med aktivitetsbaserad kontorsmiljö. Genom att utveckla och använda en teoretisk ansats baserad på främst Actor network theory utgångspunkter, Akrich (1992) begrepp script och de Certeaus (1984) begreppspar strategier och taktiker analyserar vi våra observationer på arbetsplatsen i strävan att undersöka hur aktanters handlande styr och styrs av den miljö de är en del av på kontoret.

    Studiens resultat visar att den aktivitetsbaserade kontorsmiljön i flera avseenden inte skiljer sig, eller skiljer sig marginellt, i praktiken från så kallade traditionella kontorslandskap. Kontorets utformning är beroende av de sociala och arbetsrelaterade relationerna mellan kollegor, som många gånger i högre grad förklarar strukturen på nätverket och dess möjliggörande av ett visst sätt att handla. Vidare visar analysen att vissa aktanter blir obligatoriska passagepunkter som definierar, formar och styr sin omgivning i relativt hög utsträckning. Produkten av relationerna på kontoret är den makt som manifesteras. Denna makt finns i alla typer av handlingar, men visar sig också vara en del av traditionellt studerade makrostrukturer som exempelvis intressekonflikten mellan arbete och kapital.

  • 28.
    Huynh, Kevin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Innovation på arbetsplatsen: Kontorschefers innovationshantering2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the globalization and constant changes in society, competition has become a big factor in profit-driven companies and organizations. Innovation has become an effective way for the companies to increase their competitiveness. By adapting to the constant changes in society e.g. the technological advances, companies can retain their competitiveness on the market.The purposeof this study is to exemplify and describe how a profit-driven company managesinnovationbyinterviewing four office managers in different work units in the same company.The resultsshows, among other things,that interactive learning can bean initiation to innovation processes and that the participating company in this study workshard to promote innovation in work units.

  • 29.
    Iveros, Madelene
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics, Byggteknik.
    Linde, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics, Byggteknik.
    Konsekvensen av sena ändringar i byggproduktionen: En utredning av ändrings-PM under produktionen2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project examines changes to building documents during the product development in the construction process, which is referred as revision memos in this report. The study is made in cooperation with Serneke and is therefore limited to project within this company. Furthermore, the information in this study is based on relevant literature as well as interviews, a poll and material from three of Serneke´s projects.

    The results show that the examined projects have exceeded the estimated design cost due to changes made during production. By investigating the revision memos, the conclusion was that performing construction, commercial projects and rebuilding projects generate more revision memos as well as the architect and constructor had the greatest number and most expensive revision memos. It also appears that the number of revision memos of other disciplines varies between projects. Furthermore, the design process seems to generate many mistakes that appear in the production, which means that an improved design process with experience feedback and collision control should detect mistakes at an earlier stage.

    Recommendation for future projects is to make use of the contractors knowledge of production early in the design stage, to use experience feedback and collision control, to introduce a date for last additions, to use Swedish standard when establishing revision memos and to not execute changes before a revision memo is published.

    In conclusion of this project follows a few recommendations for continued investigation of this field of study.

  • 30.
    Johansson, Terese
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Lundin, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
    Kund- och medarbetarnöjdhet samt dess förbättringsmöjligheter: En studie gjord i en serviceleverans2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study has been made in association with a facility management company where the service delivery to a specific customer has been studied. The purpose of the study is to map the main factors that makes both the customer, and the employees that work in the delivery process, satisfied in order to get the rating for customer and employee satisfaction up. The purpose of the study is also to map which improvements that can be made to get the rating for customer and employee satisfaction up. The data for the study has been collected through semi- structured interviews with both customers and employees. The results of the study shows that the customer is not satisfied with the current delivery in spite of an increase in satisfaction over the past six month. The employees is currently shown to be satisfied but talks about an increase in satisfaction over time. The results shows that the customers and employees is aware of possible improvements in the delivery process. The report includes theory of customer and employee satisfaction and change- and quality management.

    Conclusions show that customers seems to be affected by seven different factors in case of their satisfaction where reliability is the most important one. The employees seems to be affected by five different factors in case of their satisfaction, for example fundamental rights and communication. The conclusions also show that there is a gap between the customer's expectations and the offer received and that improvements made by the customers and employees can be of value to the company. 

  • 31.
    Jonsén, Frida
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bouvin, Sarah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Att styra genom frihet?: En kvalitativ studie i ett mindre bemanningsföretag2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte är att ge en fördjupad förståelse för hur arbetstagare styrs i en organisation där de har stort eget ansvar och frihet. Häri vill vi synliggöra vad som, i brist på tydliga riktlinjer och direktiv från en auktoritet, styr arbetstagarnas prioriteringar i det dagliga arbetet samt analysera eventuella effekter av dessa styrningsformer.

    Metod: Uppsatsens empiriska material bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer av fyra kundansvariga på Företaget X. Företaget X arbetar med uthyrning av barnvakter till familjer i Stockholmsområdet. Materialet analyserades och diskuterades utifrån Governmentality som teori samt tidigare forskning.

    Resultat/Slutsats: Trots att de kundansvarigas arbete byggde på eget ansvar och frihet var de ändå styrda. De styrmedel som var mest framträdande i deras prioriteringar i det dagliga arbetet var kvantitativa mål, företagets tre värdeord, kunden samt möten och uppföljningar. En rad samlade faktorer vilka kan kopplas till det nya arbetslivet och nya styrningsformer kunde få respondenterna att känna att det ”blev för mycket”.

  • 32.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Urban, Susanne
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Köksingång till den svenska arbetsmarknaden?: Om företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund2010In: Lyckad invandring: Tio svenska forskare om hur man når framgångar / [ed] Ådahl, Martin, Stockholm: Fores , 2010, p. 99-118Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Urban, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. LInköping University.
    The strength of ethnic ties: Routes into the labour market in spaces of segregation2016In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 3-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses whether ethnic segregation leads to social isolation and lack of access to valuable informal channels into the labour market. We use a survey of Swedish-born young adults in Stockholm, whose parents were born either in Turkey (Stratum T) or in Sweden (Stratum S). Stratum T was randomly sampled, whereas Stratum S was sampled according to the residential distribution of Stratum T. Our results show that persons in Stratum T use informal contacts in order to find employment more often than Stratum S. Living in immigrant-dense areas increases the likelihood of finding employment through informal contacts. For Stratum T, co-ethnic contacts are more important than other contacts, in particular if they are neighbours. Access to ethnic networks and the use of ethnic contacts in the labour market differ between persons of Turkish, Kurdish and Assyrian/Syriac backgrounds. In contrast to the isolation thesis, this study shows that young adults in immigrant-dense neighbourhoods have access to and benefit more from informal channels in order to find ways into labour market.

  • 34.
    Knudsen, Kati
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Univ Gavle, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Kungsbacksvagen 47, S-80176 Gavle, Sweden.
    Pöder, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Orebro Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Orebro, Sweden.
    Högman, Marieann
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Lung- allergy- and sleep research.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
    Larsson, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
    How anaesthesiologists understand difficult airway guidelines: an interview study2017In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 122, no 4, p. 243-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In the practice of anaesthesia, clinical guidelines that aim to improve the safety of airway procedures have been developed. The aim of this study was to explore how anaesthesiologists understand or conceive of difficult airway management algorithms.

    METHODS: A qualitative phenomenographic design was chosen to explore anaesthesiologists' views on airway algorithms. Anaesthesiologists working in three hospitals were included. Individual face-to-face interviews were conducted.

    RESULTS: Four different ways of understanding were identified, describing airway algorithms as: (A) a law-like rule for how to act in difficult airway situations; (B) a cognitive aid, an action plan for difficult airway situations; (C) a basis for developing flexible, personal action plans for the difficult airway; and (D) the experts' consensus, a set of scientifically based guidelines for handling the difficult airway.

    CONCLUSIONS: The interviewed anaesthesiologists understood difficult airway management guidelines/algorithms very differently.

  • 35.
    Liljequist, Viktor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Willerström, Jakob
    Integration av utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden: En fallstudie över Uppsala kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Invandringen till Sverige har varit betydande ända sedan andra världskriget och bidragit till Sveriges ekonomiska utveckling. Exempelvis har invandringen mildrat de demografiska utmaningar som Sverige står inför, men sedan början av 90-talet har stora skillnader i sysselsättning och arbetslöshet mellan den inrikes och utrikes födda befolkningen iakttagits. Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka hur arbetsmarknadsintegrationen av utrikes födda går till, samt att undersöka personliga egenskapers betydelse för huruvida utrikes födda blir arbetslösa. Uppsatsen har använt Uppsala som ett empiriskt exempel. En logistisk regression utfördes för att undersöka de personliga egenskapernas korrelation till arbetslöshet. Intervjuer av tjänstemän från Uppsala kommun och Arbetsförmedlingen (AF) i Uppsala genomfördes för att få information om arbetssätt och åtgärder, med avseende på arbetsmarknadsintegrationen av utrikes födda. Slutligen har uppsatsen analyserat eventuella samband mellan de personliga egenskapernas korrelation till arbetslöshet med Uppsala kommuns, samt AF:s, arbetssätt och åtgärder. Resultatet visar bland annat på att ha barn i låg ålder ger en ökad risk för arbetslöshet i Uppsala och likaså för födelseregioner som Afrika, Mellanöstern och Latinamerika, men resultatet beror på referensgruppen i den kvantitativa metoden. Att vara kvinna och att ha hög utbildning minskar risken för arbetslöshet. Uppsala kommun och AF i Uppsala arbetar individanpassat och använder samarbeten och samverkan vilket bidrar till ett dynamiskt arbetssätt som kan erbjuda en mångfald av åtgärder. Det individbaserade arbetssättet möjliggör att många utrikes födda i behov av extra stöd kan få hjälp oavsett av personliga egenskaper. 

  • 36.
    Ljungblom, Mia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Business Excellence with Customer Service in World Class: A Swedish Case Study of Lean in Supermarket2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean is nowadays a well-known concept which has been applied in different types of organizations, who strive to improve in order to be more efficient and successful - reduce costs but still maintain and improve quality. The Lean mind-set is based on the use of the human and material resources, matching and getting the associated processes more efficient, by working with continuous improvements. Even if Lean origins from the manufacturing and production sector, research indicate that Lean is transferable into other sectors. Lean is used to develop more seamless processes, improve flow, reduce waste and develop an understanding of customer value.In this case study, the first part of Lean implementation in the Swedish retail sector, in particular a supermarket is outlined and further progression of the research is suggested.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and outline the experiences from the implementation of Lean in the Swedish retail sector.

    In order to fulfil the goal in this paper the data collecting was made by interviews and participating observations during the period February to June 2016. The particular parts followed were the lean implementation process in the education part, different workshops and improvements startups in the chosen store. Analyzing the data was made by pattern-matching when the results were interpreted through the principles of Liker (2009).

    Though, the research is still ongoing some findings have been done. The result so far shows; Standardized routines and clearer information, eliminated waste and better structure, tidiness and orderliness when everything is in the right place. The co-workers in the supermarket find it more smooth and easy to work and they can see a clear target with better engagement in the store. Barriers and success factors while implementing Lean, picked out from earlier research, can be recognized in this study as well. Still the most important cause in Lean implementation is to avoid organizations built and structures their Lean work on hard core, such as quality methodologies and tools, rather than focus on soft core, i.e., the human perspective with values and human resources.

  • 37.
    Ljungblom, Mia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Hallencreutz, Jacob
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Knowledge management challenges2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge management could be seen as identifying knowledge that needs to be managed, followed by the process of acquiring, refining, storing and using the identified knowledge. Good knowledge management could be seen as the foundation of a learning organisation. With increasing competition and a quicker pace of change it becomes more and more important to be a quick learner. In this challenge universities are no exception. A good knowledge management system assures that all relevant knowledge is being used in all important activities. This is particularly important in large change projects. A process based system view could be used to describe how knowledge management is visualised. Especially visualising knowledge management on organisational change competence could be a challenge.

    In this case study we analyse the implementation of a new approach in education – Liberal Education, and to what extent existing change knowledge was used. The findings are categorised and related to drivers for good change management and to organisational learning disabilities in a quality management context.

    The purpose of the study is to understand learning disabilities and how to describe them. The results should constitute a starting point for later work to overcome these disabilities.

  • 38.
    Ljungblom, Mia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Quality management: integrating leadership and quality methodologies2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a research paper Ljungblom & Isaksson (2009) state that quality management literature in Sweden still seems to be relying heavily on quality methodologies and tools, rather than focusing on leadership and the human perspective. Ideally how to change behaviour and how to change structure would be integrated. It could be that the lack of leadership theory is overcome in quality courses by using other types of literature than the quality management literature previously studied. 

    The main purpose of this research is to describe to what extent leadership and quality methodologies are integrated in Swedish university based quality education. Another purpose is to propose how integration could be done.

    Course plans for main quality courses offered in Sweden have been reviewed to assess to what extent leadership is included and how it has been integrated with quality methodologies.  Focus has been on courses offered as separate courses; however a few programs have also been studied.

    Preliminary findings indicate that quality management is seldom integrated with leadership and that focus is on quality methodologies and tools. A model based on values, methodologies and tools together with a change model are used to describe proposed quality management content for integrating leadership and quality methodologies.

    The study is limited to quality management education in Swedish universities.

    The paper highlights how the integration of leadership in quality management education is currently handled in Swedish universities.

  • 39.
    Ljungblom, Mia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Quality is to a product what character is to a man: is virtue ethics the missing piece in quality management?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a growing trend within the field of management studies to argue that virtue ethics is necessary for good management. This quite recent trend goes against the common view of ethics in business as fundamentally deontological or consequentialist, rather than a focus on character. Business ethics in general, including project management, is often reactive rather than affirmative. In other words, to avoid problems and scandals, managers and employees use rule-based ethics that prohibits infraction and wrongdoing instead of becoming role models that strive for the good. Quality is seldom discussed in relation to virtue ethics. In this paper, we argue that virtue ethics should also be a fundamental part in quality management by bringing quality down to the personal level which has a processual focus (continuous improvements, and commitment), and thereby fits well into for example Total Quality Management. We stay true to the Heinzian statement that character is to a man, or woman, what quality is to a product, or process.

    The purpose is to argue for the use virtue ethics in quality management.

    We have emulated the methods employed by Loo using a general inductive approach for analyzing qualitative evaluation data. Responses on three ethical dilemmas were collected between 2011 and 2015. These include 88 responses from Project management students and 31 responses from well-established PMs. The respondents were asked to give their solution to the dilemmas, and also give their solution if they had the dilemma themselves as a PM. All the response will serve as the basis for the analysis in this paper.

    TQM and ethics have in common that an integral perspective is needed in order to achieve the intended goals and quality management can benefit from a more direct engagement with theories of virtue ethics. Organizations have to find out what kind of behaviors (virtues) is necessary for quality improvements and what kind of character is best for co-worker working with quality issues. Virtue ethics, as maximalistic ethics, is not enough, but must be complemented with a minimalistic ethics to promote quality.

  • 40.
    Lundborg, Petter
    et al.
    Lund Univ, IZA, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Ctr Econ Demog, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Nilsson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Vikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Heterogeneity in the impact of health shocks on labour outcomes: evidence from Swedish workers2015In: Oxford Economic Papers, ISSN 0030-7653, E-ISSN 1464-3812, Vol. 67, no 3, p. 715-739Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides new evidence on heterogeneity in the impact of health shocks by using register-based data on the entire population of Swedish workers. We formulate a difference-in-difference design, where we compare the change in labour earnings across matched workers with a high and low level of education who experience the same type of health shocks. Our results suggest major heterogeneity in the effects, where a given health shock has a greater relative negative impact on low-skilled individuals/individuals with a low level of education. These results hold across different types of health shocks and become more pronounced with age. Low-skilled workers are also more likely to leave the labour force and receive disability insurance, sickness insurance, and unemployment benefits following a health shock. Our results suggest that heterogeneity in the effect of health shocks offers one explanation as to how the educational gradient in health arises.

  • 41.
    Löfström, Anette
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Using the intranet as a leadership strategy... and moving on2013In: Abstracts. Arbetslivets föränderlighet: Individ-, Organisations- och Metodperspektiv, Stockholm, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Mao, Yumeng
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Clinical Immunology. Sci Life Lab, Solna, Sweden.
    What industry can teach academia2019In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 365, no 6459, p. 1342-1342Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Murhem, Sofia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Magnusson, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    European integration and Nordic trade unions2009In: Regional Cooperation and International Organizations: The Nordic model in transnational alignment, London: Routledge , 2009, p. 185-200Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Namli, Narin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    New Public Management, en utmaning för hemvården?: En studie om hur en kommunal hemvårdsorganisation implementerat en ny organisationsform2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi hör idag mycket om hur skola, vård och hemvård inom den offentliga sektorn allt mer kritiseras för sitt arbete. En del väljer att säga att New Public Management, en ny styrreform som svept över världens offentliga organisationer, är anledningen. I denna uppsats är syftet att undersöka en kommunal hemvårdsorganisation i Sverige som genomgått ett antal förändringar som påverkat många delar av verksamheten. Genom att uppmärksamma New Public Management och dess tillhörande komponenter såsom strävan efter kostnadseffektivitet och formen av en företagsmodell har en studie förts kring hur förändringen påverkat organisationen, och om den skapat några utmaningar. Studien bygger på Nyinstitutionella teorier som behandlats av Göran Ahrne och Apostolis Papakostas[1]. Även relationella organisationsteorier av Meyer & Rowan[2] samt DiMaggio & Powell[3] har haft en betydande grund för analysen. Med ansats i detta teoretiska material har använts en kvalitativ metod och det har genomförts en intervjustudie verksamma personer inom hemvårdsorganisationen. Det studien har visat är att en del organisationer är mer känsliga för förändring än andra. Vidare spelar förutsättningarna för organisationen stor roll, och det visade sig att en förändring är beroende av att dessa finns. Att organisationer börjar likna varandra allt mer idag visade sig i studien då den studerade organisationen tvingas balansera ett upprätthållande av kärnverksamheten men samtidigt vara innovativ och konkurrenskraftig med begränsade förutsättningar.

  • 45.
    Neumann, Patrick
    et al.
    Ryerson Univ, Dept Mech & Ind Engn, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada.
    Dixon, Shane
    Ryerson Univ, Dept Mech & Ind Engn, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada.
    Nordvall, Anna-Carin
    Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Consumer demand as a driver of improved working conditions: the 'Ergo-Brand' proposition2014In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 57, no 8, p. 1113-1126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops and explores the “Ergo-Brand” proposition; which posits that consumersmay prefer to buy goods that are made under good working conditions (GWC). This preferencewould enhance a differentiation strategy for companies, thereby fostering the application ofergonomics in production. This proposition is developed in the context of a narrative review ofthe literature on ‘ethical consumerism’. This is supplemented with a small pilot survey study,conducted in both Canada and Sweden (n=141) to explore this proposition. Results indicate thatconsumers would prefer goods made under GWC, but not unconditionally as quality and priceconcerns were ranked higher. Access to information on the working conditions in productionwas seen as a barrier. Nevertheless, the Ergo-Brand concept may be a viable avenue topromoting attention to ergonomics in companies – particularly if consumer habits are subject tointervention by advertising. Further research on this strategy is warranted.

  • 46. Nordfeldt, Marie
    et al.
    Stenbacka, Susanne
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Regionalpolitikens lokala avtryck2008In: Regionalpolitikens geografi: regional tillväxt i teori och praktik, Studentlitteratur , 2008Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 47.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Prerequisites and Possibilities for Manufacturing Companies to Prioritize and Manage Occupational Health and Safety2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Legislation demands that health and safety of humans at work must be secured. Today, far from every company has a functioning systematic management of occupational health and safety (OHS) in place to fulfill its legal obligations. Instead, other day-to-day tasks appear to have greater priority.

    The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate prerequisites and possibilities for manufacturing companies to prioritize and manage OHS, with focus on professional roles, company size, safety culture, and financial performance.

    Four papers (I–IV) are included in this thesis, based on three data collections. A questionnaire measuring the priority accorded to work environment was completed by 249 representatives of 142 manufacturing companies (I & II). Focus group interviews were conducted with 66 workers at a large steel-manufacturing company, discussing their experiences and perceptions of safety and risks at work (III). A questionnaire measuring OHS management practices, safety culture, and priority given to work environment was completed by 280 representatives of 197 manufacturing companies (IV). Information regarding the companies’ financial performance was retrieved from a credit bureau database.

    The main findings of the four papers demonstrated that profitability was considered as the most prioritized interest in the companies (I), and that trade-offs between productivity and safety is an obstacle to working safely (III). Managers generally perceived their companies to prioritize work environment factors more than the safety delegates did (I & IV). Perceptions of work environment priority did, however, not differ depending on company size (II & IV). Responsibility for safety was perceived to rest on the individual to the largest extent, and risk-taking was believed to originate from a combination of individual factors and external circumstances in the work environment (III). Larger company size, positive safety culture, and low risk in creditworthiness were found to be associated with better OHS management practices in companies (IV). Correspondingly, smaller company size, negative safety culture, and high risk in creditworthiness were found to be associated with worse OHS management practices.

    In summary, structural, social, and financial aspects seem to be important in companies’ possibilities for prioritizing and managing OHS. Recommendations for industry and future research are discussed.

    List of papers
    1. A comparison of managers’ and safety delegates’ perceptions of work environment priorities in the manufacturing industry
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparison of managers’ and safety delegates’ perceptions of work environment priorities in the manufacturing industry
    2012 (English)In: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 235-247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the attention and priority accorded to factors of work environment within manufacturing companies, as perceived by managers and safety delegates at small- and medium-sized enterprises. Representatives from 142 Swedish manufacturing companies answered a 43-item questionnaire covering seven areas of the work environment and a priority-ranking question of company interests. Respondents (n = 249) rated the present situation and the situation one year earlier, using a visual analogue scale. The findings showed that both managers and safety delegates ranked profitability as the main company interest. Respondents rated the priorities of the work environment currently as higher than one year earlier (p = <0.05). Managers rated the priorities of the work environment higher than did the safety delegates (p = <0.05). We conclude that the two professional roles, managers and safety delegates, differ in their perceptions as of to which extent different work environment factors are being attended to.

    Keywords
    Occupational health and safety (OHS), Workplace, Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), Profitability, Professional roles
    National Category
    Social Sciences Work Sciences Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264511 (URN)10.1002/hfm.20263 (DOI)000303194700005 ()2-s2.0-84860676039 (Scopus ID)
    Projects
    Ergopriset
    Available from: 2010-10-05 Created: 2015-10-13 Last updated: 2018-06-26
    2. Perceptions of work environment priorities: Are there any differences by company size? — An ecological study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of work environment priorities: Are there any differences by company size? — An ecological study
    2015 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 697-706Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Earlier studies suggest that the quality of handling occupational health and safety (OHS) activities differs between companies of different sizes. Company size is a proxy variable for other variables affecting OHS performance.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate if there is an association between company size and perceptions of work environment prioritizations.

    METHODS: Data from 106 small- and medium-sized Swedish manufacturing companies was collected. One manager and one safety delegate at each company rated different aspects of their companies' work environment prioritizations with a 43-item questionnaire. Ratings were aggregated to a summary statistic for each company before analysis.

    RESULTS: No significant differences in perceptions of priority were found to be associated with company sizes. This is in contrast to earlier studies of objective differences. The respondents in small companies, however, showed significantly greater consensus in their ratings.

    CONCLUSIONS: Company size does not appear to be associated with perceptions of work environment prioritizations. Company size is an important proxy variable to study in order to understand what factors enable and obstruct safe and healthy workplaces. The work presented here should be viewed as an initial exploration to serve as direction for future academic work.

    Keywords
    Company size, Occupational health and safety (OHS), Ergonomics, Perceptions, Consensus
    National Category
    Work Sciences Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264512 (URN)10.3233/WOR-152123 (DOI)000366059600028 ()26409368 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2014-02-06 Created: 2015-10-13 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
    3. Safety culture and reasons for risk-taking at a large steel-manufacturing company: Investigating the worker perspective
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safety culture and reasons for risk-taking at a large steel-manufacturing company: Investigating the worker perspective
    Show others...
    2015 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 73, p. 126-135Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Workers in the steel-manufacturing industry face many safety risks due to the nature of the job. How well safety procedures and regulations are followed within an organization is considered to be influenced by the reigning culture of the organization. The aim of this study was to investigate and describe safety culture and risk-taking at a large steel-manufacturing company in Sweden by exploring workers’ experiences and perceptions of safety and risks. Ten focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 66 workers. In the interviews, the situation of safety at work was discussed in a semi-structured manner. The material was analyzed inductively using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in a thorough description of safety culture and risk-taking at the company, based on the following five main categories: 1. Acceptance of risks, one simply has to accept the safety risks of the work environment, 2. Individual responsibility for safety, the responsibility for safe procedures rests to the largest extent on the individual, 3. Trade-off between productivity and safety, these are conflicting entities, wanting to produce as well as wanting to work safely, 4. Importance of communication, it is needed for safety actions to be effective, and 5. State-of-the-day and external conditions, an interplay between these factors affect risk-taking. In sociotechnical systems theory it is acknowledged that there are interactions between social and technical factors in organizations. The findings of this study are interpreted to be in line with a sociotechnical understanding of safety culture and risk-taking.

    National Category
    Health Sciences
    Research subject
    Social Medicine
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240270 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2014.11.020 (DOI)000348088600015 ()
    Available from: 2015-01-06 Created: 2015-01-06 Last updated: 2017-12-05
    4. A cross-sectional study of factors influencing occupational health and safety management practices in companies
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A cross-sectional study of factors influencing occupational health and safety management practices in companies
    2017 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 95, p. 92-103Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Companies need to ensure a functioning occupational health and safety management (OHSM) system to protect human health and safety during work, but generally there are differences in how successful they are in this endeavor. Earlier research has indicated that factors like company size, safety culture, and different measures of financial performance may be related to the quality of OHSM practices in companies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether these factors are associated with OHSM practices in companies. A postal questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of Swedish manufacturing companies, and complementary data regarding the companies were retrieved from a credit bureau database. The statistical analysis was performed with ordinal regression analysis using generalized estimating equations. Different predictor variables were modeled with OHSM practices as the outcome variable, in order to calculate p-values and to estimate odds ratios. Company size, safety culture, and creditworthiness were found to be associated with better, as well as worse, OHSM practices in companies (depending on directionality). Practical implications for industry and future research are discussed.

    Keywords
    Occupational health and safety (OHS), Safety culture, Manufacturing, Work environment, Financial performance, Generalized estimating equations (GEE)
    National Category
    Work Sciences Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264510 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2017.02.008 (DOI)000399852500009 ()
    Available from: 2015-10-13 Created: 2015-10-13 Last updated: 2017-05-30Bibliographically approved
  • 48.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Högberg, Hans
    Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    A cross-sectional study of factors influencing occupational health and safety management practices in companies2017In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 95, p. 92-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies need to ensure a functioning occupational health and safety management (OHSM) system to protect human health and safety during work, but generally there are differences in how successful they are in this endeavor. Earlier research has indicated that factors like company size, safety culture, and different measures of financial performance may be related to the quality of OHSM practices in companies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether these factors are associated with OHSM practices in companies. A postal questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of Swedish manufacturing companies, and complementary data regarding the companies were retrieved from a credit bureau database. The statistical analysis was performed with ordinal regression analysis using generalized estimating equations. Different predictor variables were modeled with OHSM practices as the outcome variable, in order to calculate p-values and to estimate odds ratios. Company size, safety culture, and creditworthiness were found to be associated with better, as well as worse, OHSM practices in companies (depending on directionality). Practical implications for industry and future research are discussed.

  • 49.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lindberg, Per
    Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    A comparison of managers’ and safety delegates’ perceptions of work environment priorities in the manufacturing industry2012In: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 235-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the attention and priority accorded to factors of work environment within manufacturing companies, as perceived by managers and safety delegates at small- and medium-sized enterprises. Representatives from 142 Swedish manufacturing companies answered a 43-item questionnaire covering seven areas of the work environment and a priority-ranking question of company interests. Respondents (n = 249) rated the present situation and the situation one year earlier, using a visual analogue scale. The findings showed that both managers and safety delegates ranked profitability as the main company interest. Respondents rated the priorities of the work environment currently as higher than one year earlier (p = <0.05). Managers rated the priorities of the work environment higher than did the safety delegates (p = <0.05). We conclude that the two professional roles, managers and safety delegates, differ in their perceptions as of to which extent different work environment factors are being attended to.

  • 50.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg; Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Westergren, Karl-Erik
    Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning. Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Perceptions of work environment priorities: Are there any differences by company size? — An ecological study2015In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 697-706Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Earlier studies suggest that the quality of handling occupational health and safety (OHS) activities differs between companies of different sizes. Company size is a proxy variable for other variables affecting OHS performance.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate if there is an association between company size and perceptions of work environment prioritizations.

    METHODS: Data from 106 small- and medium-sized Swedish manufacturing companies was collected. One manager and one safety delegate at each company rated different aspects of their companies' work environment prioritizations with a 43-item questionnaire. Ratings were aggregated to a summary statistic for each company before analysis.

    RESULTS: No significant differences in perceptions of priority were found to be associated with company sizes. This is in contrast to earlier studies of objective differences. The respondents in small companies, however, showed significantly greater consensus in their ratings.

    CONCLUSIONS: Company size does not appear to be associated with perceptions of work environment prioritizations. Company size is an important proxy variable to study in order to understand what factors enable and obstruct safe and healthy workplaces. The work presented here should be viewed as an initial exploration to serve as direction for future academic work.

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