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  • 1. Albert de la Bruhèze, Adri
    et al.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Hannover: Sidelining the Bicyclist2016In: Cycling Cities: The European Experience: Hundred Years of Policy and Practice / [ed] Oldenziel, Ruth; Emanuel, Martin, Albert de la Bruhèze, Adri; Veraart, Frank, Eindhoven: Foundation for the History of Technology , 2016, p. 113-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Balksten, Kristin
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Steenari, Britt-Marie
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The influence of particle size and structure in hydrated lime on the properties of the lime putty and lime mortar2010In: International journal of architectural heritage, ISSN 1558-3058, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 86-101Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of lime slaked in different ways and analysis of thin section of lime putty and mortar specimens by light microscopy was combined with practical tests and field studies to evaluate the impact of the slaking technique on the properties of the lime putty as well as the structure of the fresh and carbonated mortar. The lime slaking methods studied were wet slaking and earth slaking, giving lime putties with very different consistency and workability. The aim of this work was to use microscopy techniques to explain these differences in properties and to investigate if it is possible to use these analytical methods to recognize the lime-slaking technique used in a historical lime mortar. The results obtained by SEM show significant differences in structure between the lime putties. The earth-slaked lime consists of relatively large particles that are packed in a porous system compared with the wet-slaked lime with very small particles closely packed in a dense structure. After storing, the wet-slaked lime gives a putty that has a dense and clearly defined stratified structure, whereas the earth-slaked lime is porous and has no stratification.

  • 3.
    Berner, Boel
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Themat Studies Technol & Social Change, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Modernizing the flow of blood: Biomedical technicians, working knowledge and the transformation of Swedish blood centre practices2017In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 485-510Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The early 1980s saw a paradigm change' in how donated blood was handled and used by blood centres, hospitals and pharmaceutical companies. In Sweden, a five-year state-financed R&D programme initiated a swift modernization process, an alleged revolution' of existing blood centre practices. In this article, we use interviews and archival material to analyse the role of female biomedical technicians in this rapid technical and organizational change. In focus is their working knowledge, or savoir-faire, of blood, instruments and techniques. We give a detailed analysis of technicians' embrained and embodied skills to create safety in blood and its representations, handle contingencies and invent new procedures and techniques. These transformations are analysed as sociomaterial entanglements, where the doing and undoing of gender, sociomaterial practices, hierarchies of authority and expertise, and emotions are intertwined.

  • 4.
    Broström, Tor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Inneklimat i kyrkor förr och nu2014In: Från Gutabygd 2014, Visby: Gotlands Hembygdsförbunds förlag , 2014, p. 117-138Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Bylund Melin, Charlotta
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History. Uppsala universitet.
    The relationship between heating energy and cumulative damage to painted wood in historic churches2014In: Journal of the Institute of Conservation, no 3, p. 94-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing research on climate-induced damage needs to be verified by actual observations in authentic environments. This article suggests a complementary method to relate the historic and present indoor climate to damage on painted wooden objects in historic churches. Energy consumption, as revealed by archival sources, is used as a substitute for climate records, on the assumption that higher temperature and therefore lower relative humidity will occur more frequently in churches with greater expenses for fuel. The quantified energy consumption is related to damage of wood and the painted layers of pulpits in 16 churches. There is a slight correlation between damage to the paint on the pulpits and energy released in the churches. However larger populations are needed for this type of enquiry to be further developed and extended. 

  • 6.
    Bylund Melin, Charlotte
    et al.
    Göteborg University.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Quantification, the link to relate climate-induced damage to indoor environments in historic buildings2013In: Climate for collections: Standards and uncertainties: Postprints of the Munich Climate Conference 7 to 9 November 2012 / [ed] Jonathan Ashley-Smith, Andreas Burmester and Melanie Eibl, 2013, p. 311-323Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and applies a method to quantify and related damage of painted wooden pulpits in 16 churches in Gotland, Sweden, to both the current and the historical indoor climate of the twentieth century. In addition, it demonstrates that the energy used to heat a church in the past can be measured and the study alsopoints towards a relationship between damage and heat output. The results suggest that more damage is present in churches with a higher heat output and there is increased damage in churches using background heating compared to churches that do not. However, the method needs to be improved and a larger population is required to validate these results.

  • 7.
    Dussauge, Isabelle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Brains, Sex, and Queers 2090: An Ideal Experiment2014In: Gendered Neurocultures: Feminist and Queer Perspectives on Current Brain Discourses / [ed] Sigrid Schmitz, Grit Höppner, Vienna: Zaglossus , 2014, p. 67-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Dussauge, Isabelle
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria.
    Technomedical Visions: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in 1980s Sweden2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical imaging technology called MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) stems from a blind measurement technology which was further developed in research and practice to enable seeing into the inner body. Vision with MRI was open-ended, and it was developed and tamed in a context of fragmented medical perspectives on the body and on technology. "Technomedical Visions" addresses the formation of MRI’s specific visualities in the first decade of its introduction in Sweden.

    The purpose of this dissertation is to explore how vision with MRI has been constructed in practice in relation to existing ways of knowing the body within medicine. Dussauge investigates first the early decisions that led to a national evaluation of MRI technology in the mid-1980s in Sweden. Then she addresses the shaping of MRI’s quantitative visuality in the practices of radiology, psychiatry and the laboratory, with focus on microhistories at St. Göran’s Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Uppsala University Hospital, and Lund University.

    Dussauge shows that whereas authorities’ early decisions momentarily defined MRI as a radiological tool for immediate clinical use and evaluation, a crucial part of MRI’s introduction was the work conducted by MRI-users. These researchers from a range of scientific and medical disciplines performed, over time, a multitude of shapings of MRI’s vision. This studies shows how MRI was made congruent with existing technomedical gazes. The novel MRI gaze was made intelligible within cross-referential networks, and researchers reproduced technomedicine’s existing gazes both in the production, optimization and interpretation of MRI representations.

    Technomedical time frames, epistemologies and definitions of the normal and the pathological were reproduced and sometimes, re-cast, in the shaping of MRI in practice. This study also demonstrates that anatomy recurrently worked as an underlying frame for the exploration and production of MRI visions. Anatomy’s material visuality provided a site for the production of novel facts at the intersection of existing gazes. Through the practices of shaping MRI gazes, anatomy was systematically remediated, reproduced and reconfigured.

  • 9.
    Ekström, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Jülich, Solveig
    1897: Mediehistorier kring Stockholmsutställningen2006Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 10.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Copenhagen: Branding the Cycling City2016In: Cycling Cities: The European Experience: Hundred Years of Policy and Practice / [ed] Oldenziel, Ruth; Emanuel, Martin, Albert de la Bruhèze, Adri; Veraart, Frank, Eindhoven: Foundation for the History of Technology , 2016, p. 77-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Cyclists’ Right to the American road: Lost battles and missed opportunities: Review of James Longhurst, Bike Battles: A History of Sharing the American Road (Seattle/London: University of Washington Press, 2015)2017In: Transfers, ISSN 2045-4813, E-ISSN 2045-4821, no 1Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Cykelstad Malmö 1870-20002014Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Cyklandets berg- och dalbana i Stockholm2013In: Stockholm på väg / [ed] Ulf Sörenson, Stockholm: Balkong , 2013, p. 158-167Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Designing Signals, Mediating Mobility: Traffic Management and Mobility Practices in Interwar Stockholm2017In: Mobilising Design / [ed] Justin Spinney, Philip Pinch, Suzanne Reimer, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 103-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Malmö: A Center of Cycling Innovation2016In: Cycling Cities: The European Experience: Hundred Years of Policy and Practice / [ed] Oldenziel, Ruth; Emanuel, Martin, Albert de la Bruhèze, Adri; Veraart, Frank, Eindhoven: Foundation for the History of Technology , 2016, p. 137-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Monuments of Unsustainability: Planning, Path Dependence, and Cycling in Stockholm2015In: Cycling and Recycling: Histories of Sustainable Practices / [ed] Ruth Oldenziel and Helmuth Trischler, New York/Oxford: Berghahn Books , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Principer i klinch: Öresundsbron och cykelorganisationerna2015In: Med varm hand: Texter tillägnade Arne Kaijser / [ed] Wormbs, Nina & Kaiserfeld, Thomas, Stockholm: KTH, Avd. för historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö, KTH , 2015, p. 23-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    På cykel genom tid och rum2014In: Gränsløs: Tidskrift för Öresundsregionens historia, kultur och samhälsliv, ISSN 2001-4961, no 4, p. 120-136Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Review of: Bike Battles: A History of Sharing the American Road2017In: Transfers, ISSN 2045-4813, E-ISSN 2045-4821, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 154-156Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Seeking adventure and authenticity: Swedish bicycle touring in Europe during the interwar period2017In: Journal of Tourism History, ISSN 1755-182X, E-ISSN 1755-1838, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 44-69Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Emanuel, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Stockholm: Where Public Transit Eclipses Cycling2016In: Cycling Cities: The European Experience: Hundred Years of Policy and Practice / [ed] Oldenziel, Ruth; Emanuel, Martin, Albert de la Bruhèze, Adri; Veraart, Frank, Eindhoven: Foundation for the History of Technology , 2016, p. 149-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Emanuel, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Veraart, Frank
    Cox, Peter
    Manchester: Cycling at a Standstill2016In: Cycling Cities: The European Experience: Hundred Years of Policy and Practice / [ed] Oldenziel, Ruth; Emanuel, Martin, Albert de la Bruhèze, Adri; Veraart, Frank, Eindhoven: Foundation for the History of Technology , 2016, p. 101-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Engholm, Albin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Kärnkraft - säkerhetsrisk eller energitillgång?: Energipolitisk opinionsbildning inför folkomröstningen 19802014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att analysera politiska aktörers agerande för att framställa sin hållning inför folkomröstningen om kärnraften 1980 som trovärdig och rationell. Studien undersöker historiska källor i form av informationstätt opinionsmaterial samt statliga utredningar och propositioner med anknytning till folkomröstningen. Undersökningen är baserad på den teoribildning inom teknik- och vetenskapssociologi som kallas science and technology studies – STS. Det analytiska verktyg som källmaterialet analyseras utifrån är begreppet energisäkerhet. Undersökningen visar att en stor del av debatten som förs i opinionsmaterialet kan förklaras i termer av energisäkerhet. Aktörernas argumentation angående kärnkraften och de alternativa energikällornas fördelar och nackdelar tydliggörs och förklaras. Dessutom visar studien hur opinionsmaterialet förhåller sig till de av staten framtagna beslutsunderlagen.

  • 24.
    Eriksson, Lars Erik Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Kvarnverk på Gotland: en teknikhistorisk jämförande undersökning av kvarnverk i hättkvarnar av trä på Gotland2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An inventory in the early 1970’s showed the existence of 255 windmills (100 postmills, 155 cap-mills) on the Swedish island of Gotland, in varying condition. An inventory of small scale industry on the island in 2001 confirmed the number roughly. These inventories focused on the exteriors and overlooked the interiors. Many of these windmills now rot away, some are being altered and many have been turned into summer houses. Neither Länsstyrelsen Gotlands län (the county administrative board) nor Region Gotland (the local authority) have at present any plan for the windmills.

    The awareness and knowledge of the machinery in these windmills is evidently small, and this unawareness or ignorance may lead to an involuntary disinterest, not least among decision-makers, to the effect that valuable documentation for the posterity is not being accomplished, and naturally also that many machineries are lost – for ever. We and our descendants then lose knowledge of our past, of different historical expressions of technique-history from different periods and regions. Perhaps a smaller amount of examples will remain to speak to us from the past and say: “This is how it was”, but reality was more diversified.

    Since the research in windmills on Gotland is neglected, we don’t even know who built them, while in other places names of millwrights or millwright families are known. We have here a craftsmanship of centuries-old tradition, even a neglected profession, whose expressions in craftsmanship culminated in the 19th century, the century in which most of the windmills in this survey were built.

    This unawareness or ignorance of the windmill machinery may lead to the thought or the notion that the interior of a windmill is just “one thing and nothing else”, which in turn leads to the thought or the decision-making, that it will be enough to preserve just a small amount of chosen windmills for the posterity, which will stand there and tell the onlookers: “This is how it was”, but if a new thought manages to be established, that it isn’t just “one thing and nothing else”, but “many different expressions, no windmill machinery resembles another”, then the preservation problems immediately become more complex, and that is the new thought the author would like to establish among different kinds of readers.

    The author have documented the nineteen remaining wooden cap-mills on Gotland (twelve of which were judged had enough of and sufficiently preserved machinery to take part in the survey) with the aim to provide a lucid and comparative picture of what technique-historical expressions and values there are in the machineries, expressions and values which heretofore have not been given their due attention. The parts of the windmill machineries which are dealt with are: brake wheels, spur wheels, brake wheel wallowers, spur wheel wallowers, brakes and the meeting between the millhouse and the cap.

    The survey shows an existing variety in the windmills and their machineries, that these mill interiors are not just “one thing and nothing else”, but rather “many different expressions, no windmill machinery resembles another”. The survey also shows different expressions in time when it comes to material and construction, and a technical development has thus been traced, for example with the entry of cast iron at the end of the 19th century.

  • 25.
    Eriksson, Lars Erik Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Träslag i kvarnar: En träslagsundersökning av kvarnverken i väderkvarnarna i Eksta socken, Gotland2014Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current knowledge of what types of woods there are in the different parts of the Gotland windmill machinery are based on unsatisfactory verbal information. The author has therefore himself taken in total 59 wood samples from seven windmills in the parish of Eksta, Gotland, and through microscope analysis tried to identify the types of woods. The results gave four different types of woods (pine, oak, Swedish whitebeam and birch) for in total nine parts. The author discusses probable reasons to why just those types of woods were chosen to just those parts. The results can be considered (more or less) representative for the whole island. The results have furthermore been compared with information from Gotland, Öland and Dagö (Estonia). One interesting discrepancy was observed: those parts (the cogs and the wallower’s staves) which on Öland and on Gotland are made from Swedish whitebeam (with the exception birch), are on Dagö made from ash or apple tree. Other parts accord (more or less). The author relates this with a theory of the Estonian Dan Lukas, and the drift of that theory is that the Estonian type of windmill came there from the south by way over Gotland. If this theory would be true, there is reason to expect great similarities between the islands when it comes to selection of types of woods. The reason why the cogs and the wallower’s staves on Dagö are made from ash or apple tree, unlike on Öland and on Gotland where they are made from Swedish whitebeam (and in a few cases from birch), can be that only isolated finds of Swedish whitebeam have been found there or that Swedish whitebeam didn’t grow there at all during the time when the windmills were built, while Swedish whitebeam is common on Gotland and less common on Öland.

    The author’s hope is that the results of the investigation will be able to serve a practical purpose for local antiquarians and windmill owners on the island during restauration work, in case a wish would be existent to replace or recreate damaged parts in an “antiquarian correct” way, with regards to the choice of the material.

  • 26.
    Fors, Hjalmar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science.
    Away, Away to Falun!: J. G. Gahn and the application of enlightenment chemistry to smelting2009In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 549-568Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Fors, Hjalmar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science.
    Hjälten utan ansikte: Om Carl Wilhelm Scheeles liv efter döden2014In: Svensk snillrikhet? : Nationella föreställningar om entreprenörer och teknisk begåvning 1800-2000 / [ed] Staffan Bergwik, Michael Godhe, Anders Houltz, Magnus Rodell, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2014, 1, p. 161-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Funke, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History. UU Innovation.
    Assar Svensson2018In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, band 35 (kommande) / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Riksarkivet, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biografisk artikel om industrialisten och entreprenören Assar Svensson.

  • 29.
    Funke, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    "Johan Victor Svenson"2017In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, band 34. / [ed] Åsa Karlsson, Stockholm: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biografisk artikel om industrialisten och uppfinnaren John Victor Svenson.

  • 30.
    Furuland, Lars
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature. Avd. för litteratursociologi.
    Arbetarlitteraturen i Eskilstuna, 1-4.2007In: Eskilstuna-Kuriren 25/1, 31/1, 7/2 och 14/2 2007Article, review/survey (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 31.
    Geijer, Mia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Värmen i arkiven: Om komfortinstallationer i Gamla riksarkivet i Stockholm och Landsarkivet i Vadstena2013In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, Vol. 32, no 66, p. 49-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Haglund, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Fysiken, tekniken och framtiden: Om gränsdragningsarbete i forskning och lärogång inom fysik och teknik vid Uppsala Universitet 1955-19752015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka utbildning och forskning inom fysik- och teknikämnena

    vid Uppsala universitet mellan åren 1955 och 1975. Här studeras dels växelverkan mellan två

    olika verksamheter; utbildning och forskning, och dels den lokala utvecklingen av, och

    gränsdragningsarbetet mellan, två vetenskapliga discipliner; fysik och teknik. Förändringarna

    tolkas som resultat av interaktion mellan forskning och utbildning å ena sidan, och utbildning och

    andra samhälleliga arenor å andra. Uppsatsen diskuterar Thomas Gieryns teori om att epistemisk

    auktoritet hos en vetenskap uppkommer nedströms, i en samhällelig arena utanför forskningen

    där den uppkom. I uppsatsen drivs tesen att lärogång inte enbart kan räknas som nedströms i

    relation till forskning utan som uppströms, nedströms och mer därtill. Teknikämnet i Uppsala

    fick sin epistemiska auktoritet vid inrättandet av universitetsingenjörsutbildningen snarare än i

    samband med den forskningsverksamhet som följde. Gieryn hävdar också att vetenskap

    definieras och förstås genom att avgränsas från sådant som det inte är. Fysik och teknik har

    exempelvis länge ställts mot varandra och jämförts i egenskap av skilda discipliner.

    Undersökningen visar dock att lärogången i fysik inte entydigt speglade distinkta

    fysikvetenskapliga områden, utan medvetet inkorporerade övning i både ingenjörskap och

    undervisning. Den tekniska utbildningen drog å andra sidan nytta av den befintliga lärogången i

    fysik. Detta utmanade de vetenskapliga gränserna för skolämnena fysik och teknik.

  • 33.
    Haidenthaller, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Music and Museums, Uppsala University Museum, Uppsala University Coin Cabinet.
    Alvin - För Sverige i tiden?: Ett referensverk för nästa generation2017In: Nordisk Numismatisk Unions medlemsblad, ISSN 0025-8539, no 2, p. 53-58Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Hedberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    För stora växlar. Rörigt om Tysklands järnvägar under kriget. Recension av Mierzejewski, Alfred C., The most valuable asset of the Reich: a history of the German national railway, Univ. of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1999-20002003In: Multiethnica. Meddelande från Centrum för multietnisk forskning, Uppsala universitet, ISSN 0284-396X, no 29Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 35. Hjarthner-Holdar, Eva
    et al.
    Risberg, Christina
    Uppsala University, Museums etc., Uppsala University Museum.
    Technology of Iron: Choices and Innovation2009In: Materials and Manufacturing Processes, ISSN 1042-6914, E-ISSN 1532-2475, Vol. 24, no 9, p. 981-986Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the concept of technological change and choices and how new techniques are rejected or accepted in different socioeconomic and power systems. If we are to understand and deal with technological changes, we need to investigate their causes and relations to geographical area and power systems both now and in the past. We have chosen to study the two almost completely different types of societies, Sweden and Greece, in order to understand some of the mechanisms behind the changes in technology and techniques. Our aim is to participate in widening the scope of archaeometallurgy, since traditionally we have focused on empirical analysis of material culture rather than theory building.

  • 36.
    Holmedal, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Scenen 1986–1991: En studie av den svenska cracking- och demoscenen med särskilt fokus på hemdatorn Commodore 64 och datorspelsbranschen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Högberg, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    A piecework model of road maintenance: Decentralized road maintenance in Sweden 1750–18502012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Isacson, Maths
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Marie Nisser: en pionjär och central aktör på det nordiska industriminnesområdet2011In: Fabrik og Bolig, ISSN 0106-3324, p. 59-61Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Profession och institution: en historikers tankar2017In: Flip the system: förändra skolan från grunden / [ed] Per Kornhall, Jelmer Evers & René Kneyber, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, p. 319-327Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Kjellman, Johan
    Uppsala University, Music and Museums, Museum of Evolution.
    A quarter millenium of morphological Crystal Models - the makers, the materials, the collections - a current project on retrieving their history2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A quarter millenium of morphological Crystal Models – the makers, the materials, the collections – a current project on retrieving their history.

    Crystal models (CM) and crystal model collections (CMC) made of paper, wood, clay, metal, glass, etc. have been manufactured, developed, and used as an aid in the fields of mineralogy and crystallography from the 1760’s to 1920’s (Figure 1). CM have for example been used to display ideal morphology of different mineral species or relationship between crystal forms; visualize different crystallographic and physical concepts, e. g. symmetry, crystallographic and optical axes, twinning, etc. Earlier geometrical models, such as platonic and archimedian bodies, known since Antiquity and perhaps originally inspired by natural crystals, were often present in the art and the curiosity cabinets of the Rennaisance era. In the early 20th c. the progress in crystal structure determination shifted the focus in crystallography and crystal modelling from outer morphology and symmetry to inner structural relations. Still, morphological CM were produced ​​and used throughout the century.

    Apart from a few attempts to describe special CMC, drawing on the collections in the BMNH in London and Teylers Museum in Haarlem, very little has been written about CMC (Tandy 1998; Touret 2004).

    CMC could and should be complimentary research objects of early crystallography. In their time some CMC conveyed new concepts, many times under direct supervision of the inventor, and by studying them new aspects, blind alleys or pitfalls in the history of crystallography may come to light. The locations of CMC from different schools, may reflect scientific connections and influences, etc. But without any precise knowledge about the different sets and makers no such research can be made, they will remain just CM. The two main institutional uses of CMC – exhibit and education – can also pose potential threats to them, those of being worn in crystallography class or being dispersed both in education and exhibits. Banalized descriptions, e.g. “antique models” or “Krantz models”, is typical if such CM are marketed, ultimately then often losing their institutional provenance.  

    The aim of this study is to provide the mineralogical community with a deeper knowledge of the old CMC: their makers and scientists, when, where, and what of the sets were made, and how many models they contained. And not the least, where we can see typical sets of the different CMC.

    How can this work be done? By a synergetic approach from three directions: (i) by studying literature, both primary books and catalogs listing/treating CMC, and different kinds of secondary literature, (ii) by Internet searches, especially utilizing the facility of searching words in OCR scanned texts, e.g. Google Books, Gallica, an effective tool for finding information which else would be almost impossible to retrieve; (iii) by surveying important collections and their archives, some of which are digitized.

    In this presentation I will give a few examples of what I have accomplished so far by this method.

    Tandy, P. 1998. Crystallography and the geometric modelling of minerals: a reflection on the models in the Natural History Museum, London. The Geological Curator 6(9): 333  – 338.

    Touret, L. 2004. Crystal models: milestone in the birth of crystallography and mineralogy as sciences. pp. 43 – 58 in Dutch Pioneers of the Earth Sciences. Ed. by R.W. Visser and J. Touret, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam.

  • 41.
    Källman Andersson, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Systemanalys och Energipolitik: I gråzonen mellan vetenskap och politik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks förhållandet mellan politik och vetenskap under tidigt 1970-tal, specifikt hur detta förhållande ter sig i den offentliga statliga utredningen från 1974 om Sveriges framtida energisituation: "Energi 1985 2000". För att göra detta väljs en teorigrund baserat på gränsdragningen mellan politiken och vetenskapen, speciellt intressant blir då hur denna gränsdragning ter sig i den undersökta utredningen eftersom denna påbörjades innan oljekrisen 1973. Som grund för analysen väljs Thomas Gieryns definition av det han kallar för "Boundary work" . Denna term representerar texter eller arbeten som syftar att dra gränser mellan olika områden inom till exempel forskning, politik och ekonomi. Dessa boundary works delas i sin tur in i tre olika undergrupper. För att förstå arbetssättet bakom denna typ av utredningar förklaras även enkelt systemanalysens uppkomst och betydelse för framtidsstudier under denna period.Undersökningen och analysen av innehållet i Energi 1985 2000 leder till slutsatsen att denna typ av utredning inte enbart kan klassas som en av undergrupperna inom boundary work. Utredningen kan snarare ses som en blandning av dessa olika undergrupper samt dess aspekter. Då oljekrisen förutspåddes av utredarna bakom Energi 1985 2000 redan sommaren innan krisen anses denna inte spelat roll för utredningens riktning. Snarare kan oljekrisens effekt på utredningen tolkas som att gränsdragningen mellan politiken och vetenskapen (inom den specifika utredningen) blivit skarpare definierad.

  • 42.
    Lagerqvist, Christopher
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Reformer och revolutioner: En kort introduktion till Sveriges ekonomiska historia åren 1750-20102013 (ed. 1000)Book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Bruk och bevarande av kyrkorummet: frågan om inomhusklimatet i svenska kyrkor, ca 1870–19902014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bruk och bevarande av kyrkorummet: frågan om inomhusklimatet i svenska kyrkor, ca 1870–1990

     

    Mattias Legnér, professor i kulturvård, Konstvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala Universitet Campus Gotland

     

     

    Mot bakgrund av de senare årens diskussion om hur samhällets energianvändning kan bli mer effektiv och hur sambanden mellan hälsa och inomhusmiljö ser ut, är det intressant att reflektera över hur den historiska utvecklingen har sett. Föredraget fokuserar hur Svenska kyrkan, kulturvårdande myndigheter, arkitekter och ingenjörer har sett på möjligheterna att påverka inomhusklimatet i kyrkobyggnaderna sedan 1800-talet. Det bygger på forskning som har finansierats genom Vetenskapsrådets rambidrag för kulturforskning under perioden 2010–2014.

     

    Inomhusklimatet har formats av utomhusklimatet, byggnadens form och material, hur byggnaden brukas och vad den innehåller, arkitekternas och ingenjörernas idéer om vad som var ett lämpligt klimat och hur det skulle uppnås i förhållande till tillgänglig teknik. Även krav och förväntningar från andra aktörer som skulle använda byggnaden eller hade synpunkter på dess utformning och bevarandet av kulturhistoriska värden. Flera av dessa variabler förändrats över tid. Det gäller såväl uppfattningen om vad som är ett lämpligt klimat som vad som representerar kulturhistoriska värden. Dessa förändringar har i sin tur påverkat aktörernas agerande.

     

    Trots det kyliga klimatet i Norden byggdes kyrkor under många hundra år inte för att kunna värmas upp. Ett stycke in på 1800-talet började domkapitlen uppmana församlingar att sätta in eldstad i sakristian, men många församlingar var tveksamma till de kostnader som uppvärmning medförde. Sedan dess har värmeanläggningar påverkat inte bara komforten utan även den visuella upplevelsen av kyrkorummet och bevarandet av såväl byggnad som föremål. De kostnader som värmen medfört både i form av installationer och drift har varit en mycket viktig faktor som påverkat aktörernas beslut. Långt före 1970-talet med den första globala energikrisen reflekterade många församlingar över hur deras kyrka kunde värmas på mer effektiva sätt.

     

    Föredraget behandlar också hur frågorna om uppvärmning blev mer komplexa från 1960-talet. Kyrkorna värmdes allt mer och det började uppmärksammas hur äldre inventarier påverkades negativt. Från myndighetshåll fanns det inte så mycket man kunde göra förutom att påverka installationen av värmesystem. Med tiden började kulturhistoriska värden pekas ut på ett tydligare sätt, men det kan också ha skärpt motsättningen mellan komfortbehov och bevarande. Avslutningsvis tas upp vad vi idag kan lära av de strukturella problem som funnits i utformning, installation och användning av värmesystemen.

  • 44.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    För människans väl, eller föremålens?: Komfort, bevarande och innemiljö i 1920- och 30-talens museer2010In: Gotlandsakademiker tycker om ...: 2010 / [ed] Adri de Ridder, Åke Sandström, Visby: Gotland University Press , 2010, p. 45-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Gammal fråga kan få nytt svar2012In: Energi & miljö : tidskrift för VVS, inneklimat och VA, ISSN 1101-0568, Vol. 83, no 9, p. 62-64Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur ett stabilt museiklimat ska kunna skapas blir en av de viktigaste frågorna i den kommande renoveringen av Nationalmuseum. När Nationalmuseum byggdes uppfattades det som mycket viktigt att museet kunde värmas men också att värmen inte fick skada byggnaden eller samlingarna. I själva verket har uppvärmningen av huset varit ett långvarigt bekymmer.

  • 46.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Kakelugnar värmde under lilla istiden2013In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    1600-talsslottet i Skokloster kom snart att kompletteras med kakelugnar – möjligen för att värma Karl XI som väntades på besök. Redan på 1700- talet krävde tjänarna på Gripsholms slott att de alla skulle få glädje av den värmande nymodigheten.

  • 47.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Kyrkan - "en maskin att sitta i": införandet av komfortteknik i Gotlands kyrkor under 1900-talets första hälft2012In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, no 63, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with heating installations put into medieval Gotland churches from the 1920s to the early 1950s. Focus is on the work of the restorer Erik Johan Fant (1889–1954) who was the most frequently engaged restorer of churches in Sweden from c. 1925 to 1950. His work has not been the subject of much academic research. The essay covers how Fant and authorities involved in the restorations perceived the aesthetical and practical issues of installing modern heating systems in medieval churches. It also places Fant’s work in the wider context of heating for comfort and conservation purposes in churches. Our knowledge of heating systems used in churches in the past is very limited: on what grounds was a certain system chosen, how was it designed, and what consequences did it have for the conservation of the church? From having been solely an issue of increased comfort and pleasing design, the development of heating technology increasingly involved the interests of conservation. In the first half of the 20th century, central or electric heating was introduced in many stone churches, but often without any analysis of the risks involved. Still in the 1920s, the typical Gotland church was heated with just one or two ovens. They were still not electrified. Two problems especially were connected to overheating before the 1950s: first the soiling of walls and vaults, and second the desiccation of organic materials, particularly painted wooden objects. Central heating, especially in the form of low pressure steam which was common before 1945, certainly made these damages worse. Despite these issues, almost all of the 2,700 churches in Sweden had some kind of heating installed by the mid-1950s, and the reason was that heating primarily was perceived by the Swedish Church as a matter of comfort. Shortly after the end of the period in question, damages caused by heating would attract more attention from the developing conservation field.

  • 48.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    On the Early History Museum Environment Control: Nationalmuseum and Gripsholm Castle in Sweden, c. 1866-19322011In: Studies in Conservation, ISSN 0039-3630, E-ISSN 2047-0584, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 125-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the fact that there have been investigations into the historical development of indoor climate recommendations, to date verylittle research has been carried out on how climate control in museums was actually implemented in the past. This article examinesthe development of climate control in two Swedish museum buildings up until the 1930s: Nationalmuseum and GripsholmCastle. Nationalmuseum was erected to make the state collections more accessible to the public and to provide monitoring andcentral heating. At that time knowledge of climatic conditions in museums was tacit and based on personal experience ratherthan on scientific studies. However, in the early twentieth century the problem of managing museum climate increased as curatorsbecame more aware of the dehydrating effects of central heating on panels and polychrome wood. The first successful attemptsto automatically control indoor climate were carried out at Gripsholm in the 1920s. The focus was then on monitoring andcontrolling temperature rather than relative humidity, but these early attempts also showed that extreme levels of humidity couldbe avoided in an environment that had never been designed for permanent heating. This article examines attempts at managingindoor climate between the 1860s and the 1930s.

  • 49.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    The Conservation of Medieval Swedish Churches since the Nineteenth Century, with regard to the Indoor Climate2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Conservation of Medieval Swedish Churches since the Nineteenth Century, with regard to the Indoor Climate

    PhD, Professor Mattias Legnér

     

    I will present some of the results of a recently finished research project funded by the Swedish Research Council in the years 2010–2015. The aim of the project was to investigate how the introduction and use of heating and ventilation technology have influenced conservation, design and comfort in public heritage buildings, among them churches. This talk will focus Swedish medieval churches: how their indoor climate has been viewed as a problem historically as well as today, and how wishes to improve air quality, temperature, humidity and air movement have affected conservation of the buildings and valuable inventories. In short, a misbegotten adoption of technology primarily designed for industrial, office and residential facilities resulted in serious damage to cultural heritage in the 1960s and 1970s. Only in more recent years have some efforts been made to adapt technology for the purpose of controlling the climate of particularly old churches. The talk will concentrate on an interpretation of why heating and ventilation technology was introduced and what the circumstances were.  

     

    Mattias Legnér is PhD in History and Professor in Conservation at Department of Art History, Uppsala University Campus Gotland. He has published in international journals on the subject of the history of comfort and indoor climate. Together with Mia Geijer he published the monograph "Kulturarvet och komforten. Inomhusklimatet och förvaltningen av kulturhistoriska byggnader och samlingar 1850–1985" earlier this year. 

  • 50.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Tracing the Historical Indoor Climate of a Swedish Church, c. 1800-20002012In: APT Bulletin. Journal of Preservation Technology, ISSN 0848-8525, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 49-56Article in journal (Refereed)
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