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  • 1.
    Abdulazeez, Shahad Mazin Abdulazeez
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Rapportering om Qatarkrisen: En komparativ studie av nyhetsreportage på Al-Jazeera och Al-Arabiya2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I mitten av 2017 uppstod en diplomatisk kris mellan Qatar och fyra grannländer, nämligen Saudiarabien, Förenade Arabemiraten, Bahrain och Egypten. Som följd av krisen avbröt dessa länder sina diplomatiska förbindelser med Qatar.Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka innehållet i nyhetsartiklar om den inträffade diplomatiska krisen från både Al-Jazeera och Al-Arabiya samt att försöka kartlägga hur rapporteringen skilde sig åt. De primära frågeställningarna i denna undersökning kommer att behandla vilka normer de två tv-kanalerna har använt sig av för att producera sina respektive nyhetsstoff samt vilka tillvägagångssätt som har tillämpats för att publicera eller rapportera till respektive publik. Vidare kommer undersökningen att försöka kartlägga, analysera och skildra andra aspekter av värde såsom objektivitetsnivån, hur finansieringen påverkade de två nyhetskanalernas nyhetskvalitet samt deras spridning. Undersökningen kommer att granska om nyhetsartiklarna i båda kanalerna har gett en nyanserad bild eller bara rapporterat en sida av händelsen. Samtliga frågeställningar har sammanfattats i två huvudpunkter. Den första punkten syftar till att klargöra vilka språkliga skillnader som förekommer i rapporteringen om Qatarkrisen i de två satellit-tv-kanalerna Al-Jazeeras och Al-Arabiyas nyhetsartiklar. Den andra punkten avser att undersöka om Al-Jazeera och Al-Arabiya har varit neutrala eller påverkade av sina respektive regeringars politiska inställning i rapporteringen om Qatarkrisen.Jag har analyserat fem artiklar från varje kanal för att se vilken information som förmedlas. Som jag kommer att förtydliga, finns det tydliga tendenser som visar att rapporteringen av vissa händelseförlopp i Qatarkrisen skiljer sig avsevärt åt, vilket eskalerade krisen. Utifrån innehållsanalys och temaanalys med kodning presenterar jag en jämförelse av hur språket och ordvalet skiljer sig i nyhetsrapporteringen. Både innehållsanalys och tematisk analys har samma mål, nämligen att analysera material genom att dela upp texten i små innehållsenheter och sedan analysera texterna (Vaismoradi et al, 2013, ss. 400–402). Resultatet av denna jämförelse visar tydliga skillnader i ordval och parafraser av samma nyheter mellan de båda kanalerna. Till exempel rapporterade Al-Jazeera i den första nyheten att Qatars nyhetsbyrå hade hackats och att falska uttalanden av emiren hade publicerats. Al-Arabiya undvek dock att nämna att nyhetsbyrån hade hackats och rapporterade istället att alla uttalanden av emiren var falska.Denna studie baseras på tidigare forskning av forskarna Leon Brakho och Kristina Riegert, som har skrivit flera böcker om arabiska massmedier. Dessutom har jag använt tre olika teorier för att besvara frågeställningarna, nämligen normativ teori, auktoritär teori och gestaltningsteori.Denna studie baseras på tidigare forskning av forskarna Leon Brakho och Kristina Riegert, som har skrivit flera böcker om arabiska massmedier. Dessutom har jag använt tre olika teorier för att besvara frågeställningarna, nämligen normativ teori, auktoritär teori och gestaltningsteori.Genom jämförelsen mellan nyhetsartiklarna åskådliggörs att kanalerna har använt olika termer och ord om samma händelse. Samtidigt förekommer mer motstridig terminologi i rapporteringen mellan de båda nyhetskanalerna. Det var anmärkningsvärt att se hur uppbyggnaden av varje nyhetsartikel, samt hur varje kanal skildrar eller rapporterar om en viss händelse, skilde sig åt.

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  • 2.
    Abish, Aynur
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Modality in Kazakh as spoken in China2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a comprehensive study on expressions of modality in one of the largest Turkic languages, Kazakh, as it is spoken in China. Kazakh is the official language of the Republic of Kazakhstan and is furthermore spoken by about one and a half million people in China in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and in Aksai Kazakh Autonomous County in Gansu Province.The method employed is empirical, i.e. data-oriented. The modal expressions in Kazakh are analyzed in a theoretical framework essentially based on the works of Lars Johanson. The framework defines semantic notions of modality from a functional and typological perspective. The modal volition, deontic evaluation, and epistemic evaluation express attitudes towards the propositional content and are conveyed in Kazakh by grammaticalized moods, particles and lexical devices. All these categories are treated in detail, and ample examples of their different usages are provided with interlinear annotation. The Kazakh expressions are compared with corresponding ones used in other Turkic languages. Contact influences of Uyghur and Chinese are also dealt with.The data used in this study include texts recorded by the author in 20102012, mostly in the northern regions of Xinjiang, as well as written texts published in Kazakhstan and China. The written texts represent different genres: fiction, non-fiction, poetry and texts published on the Internet. Moreover, examples have been elicited from native speakers of Kazakh and Uyghur.

    The Appendix contains nine texts recorded by the author in the Kazakh-speaking regions of Xinjiang, China. These texts illustrate the use of many of the items treated in the study.

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  • 3. Abondolo, Daniel
    et al.
    Valijärvi, Riitta-Liisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages, Finno-Ugric Languages. University College London.
    Introduction to the Uralic languages, with special reference to Finnish and Hungarian2023In: The Uralic Languages / [ed] Daniel Abondolo & Riitta-Liisa Valijärvi, London: Routledge, 2023, 2, p. 1-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter introduces the rest of the book by rapidly surveying the names of the Uralic languages and their speakers’ numbers, as well as discussing the relative size and age of the family and its nine branches. It outlines the prehistory of these branches and then goes on to sketch in outline the phonological and lexicogrammatical features that the editors think most interesting, problematic, suggestive, and instructive. The reader should come away from reading this chapter with an understanding of the four kinds of information contained in the rest of the book. These are (i) how and which speech sounds are used (vowels and vowel harmony, stress, consonants, and consonant gradation); (ii) how nouns and verbs change their shapes in sentences—case, number, and predestination (in nouns) and tense, mood, and object indexing (in verbs); (iii) how words are put together to make clauses and complex sentences; and (iv) how new words are made (derivation and compounding). The chapter also introduces the more important theoretical conventions that the editors have found most useful in characterizing Uralic languages. To make the chapter accessible to as wide as possible a readership, most of the terminology used is cast in a basic linguistic theory framework. 

  • 4.
    Abudraham, Ohad
    et al.
    Tel Aviv University, Israel.
    Morgenstern, Matthew
    Tel Aviv University, Israel.
    “His Children Destroy the Residence and Building”: An Unpublished Mandaic Amulet on Ptahil’s Creations (MLSC 4)2023In: Orientalia Suecana, ISSN 0078-6578, E-ISSN 2001-7324, Vol. 72, p. 5-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the editio princeps of a Mandaean amulet inscribed on a lead lamella (MLSC 4). The amulet contains two formula. The first describes how the children of Ptahil, who are described as “the guardians of the ruins”, wreak havoc in the world. The formula draws heavily on Mandaean lore. The second formula is mostly lost, and only the end survives. The article discusses material aspects of the artefact and provides a full transliteration and translation of its contents, a reconstruction of some broken sections based upon unpublished parallels, and notes that relate to linguistic and literary aspects of the text.

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  • 5.
    Ackermann-Boström, Constanze
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages.
    Guest Editor’s Note2021In: Multiethnica: Journal of the Hugo Valentin Centre, ISSN 0284-396X, E-ISSN 2002-3413, Vol. 41, p. 7-10Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 6.
    Ackermann-Boström, Constanze
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Levande flerspråkighet i Plattenbau: En undersökning av rysslandstyska unga vuxna, deras språkpraktiker och identitet2023In: Kungl. Humanistiska Vetenskaps-Samfundet i Uppsala: Årsbok 2021-2022 / [ed] Merja Kytö, Uppsala: Kungl. Humanistiska Vetenskaps-Samfundet i Uppsala , 2023, p. 95-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 7.
    Ackermann-Boström, Constanze
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Meänkieli i Stockholm: Om meänkieli, dess historia och användning2022Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 8.
    Ackermann-Boström, Constanze
    Institutionen för språkstudier Umeå universitet.
    ”Språket fick jag inte med mig som liten”: Unga meänkielibrukares samtal om språkbevarande på sociala medier2021In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 32-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young members of minoritized linguistic communities often face a situation of double marginalization. On one hand, many communities have struggled to maintain their languages due to oppression and assimilation politics, which often leads to a language shift. On the other hand, many young members also experience a language purism within the community, mostly from older generations, criticizing the young members’ linguistic practices and language skills. This paper explores how young Tornedalians, Kvens and Lantalaiset use social media as an arena for metapragmatic reflexions on minority language learning and Meänkieli maintenance. Drawing on data from the social media platform Instagram, this paper examines the role of Meänkieli in young peoples’ life and identity. The paper also explores how social media can contribute to create community among young Tornedalians, Kvens and Lantalaiset.

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  • 9.
    Ackermann-Boström, Constanze
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Mohr, Susanne
    NTNU - Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet, Trondheim, Norway.
    “For explorers by explorers”: A discursive analysis of cruise tourism in Norway2023In: Skandinaviske Sprogstudier, E-ISSN 1904-7843, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Norwegian company Hurtigruten operates ships cruising along the Norwegian coast and has played an important role in tourism for over a century. This article provides a multimodal discourse analysis of the website advertising Hurtigruten’s most popular journey, drawing on a critical tourism studies approach. It aims to answer the question as to what central themes emerge in tourism discourse on Norway, targeted at an international audience. Central characteristics of tourism discourse (Dann 1996), i.e., strangerhood, conflict, authenticity, and playfulness, are shown to be crucial in the analysed material. The paper discusses the notion of authenticity as a performative strategy in the promotion of Norwegian cruise tourism. One central aim of this paper is finding out what and how the notion of “authentically Norwegian” is advertised. The results imply that these topics, and especially the notion of authenticity, are aligned with general tourism imaginaries, which are similar globally.

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  • 10.
    Adams, Jonathan
    University of Hull.
    An Introduction to the Danish Translations of St Birgitta’s Revelations2000In: The Vernacular Translations of St Birgitta of Sweden / [ed] Bridget Morris & Veronica O'Mara, Turnhout: Brepols, 2000, p. 87-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Analysing Language Mixture in a Medieval Birgittine Manuscript2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Analysing Language Mixture in a Medieval Birgittine Manuscript: Method and Findings2013In: The Birgittine Experience / [ed] Claes Gejrot, Mia Åkestam & Roger Andersson, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2013, p. 370-395Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Birgitta and Bernard: Five Old Swedish Fragments in the Danish National Archives2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Danish National Archives in Copenhagen houses several thousand manuscript fragments, the remains of numerous works that were cut up and used in the bindings of later books. The majority of these fragments are written in Latin, Middle Low German, or Danish, although a few in Old Swedish also survive. Five of these Old Swedish fragments are published and discussed in this article. They contain parts of two of St Birgitta’s Revelations (Liber Caelestis) and of St Bernard’s A Rule of Good Life (Ad sororem modus bene vivendi in christianam religionem), known in Old Swedish as Ett gudhelikt lifwærne. The Birgittine texts are from an early stage of the retranslation process when compared to other extant versions and include several unique wordings that demonstrate the specific use of the original manuscript in a monastic environment. The Bernard fragments are one of just two extant versions and appear to predate the version in Stockholm, Royal Library, A 9; as such, they are an important witness to the propagation of the saint’s writings in Sweden.

  • 14.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Birgitta and Bernard: Two Saints and Five Old Swedish Fragments in the Danish National Archives2017In: European Journal of Scandinavian Studies, ISSN 2191-9399, E-ISSN 2191-9402, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 263-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Danish National Archives in Copenhagen houses several thousand manuscript fragments, the remains of numerous works that were cut up and used in the bindings of later books. The majority of these fragments are written in Latin, Middle Low German, or Danish, although a few in Old Swedish also survive. Five of these Old Swedish fragments are published and discussed in this article. They contain parts of two of St Birgitta’s Revelations (Liber Caelestis and Revelationes Extravagantes) and of St Bernard’s A Rule of Good Life (Ad sororem modus bene vivendi in christianam religionem). The Birgittine texts are from an early stage of the retranslation process when compared to other extant versions and include several unique wordings that demonstrate the specific use of the original manuscript in a monastic environment. The Bernard fragments are one of just two extant versions and may predate the version in Stockholm, Royal Library, A 9; as such, they are an important witness to the propagation of the saint’s writings in Sweden.

  • 15.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Christ killers, menstruating males and savage wolves: The portrayal of Jews in medieval Denmark2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Det middelalderlige syn på verdens tilblivelse2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Ferocious lions and menstruating men: The portrayal of Jews in medieval Danish manuscripts2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Fjerne spejle: Jøder og muslimer i østnordisk litteratur2015In: Årsskrift for Det Unge Akademi, p. 10-13Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    De fleste studier om jøder, muslimer og kristne i middelalderens Europa fokuserer på de områder, hvor de levede sammen. Behandlingen af de ikke-kristne i de komplekse spændinger mellem kirken og de sekulære myndigheder danner kernen i disse studier, som fx sigter på at undersøge de spontane udbrud af antijødisk vold i dele af Central- og Vesteuropa eller virkeligheden bag den fredelige sameksistens, ”convivencia”, i Spanien. Følgerne af bl.a. korstogene, pesten, økonomisk nedtur samt politisk og social uro i disse områder regnes som de vigtigste faktorer i de skiftende forhold mellem de tre grupper naboer. Forholdene påvirkede også de skriftlige fremstillinger, da litteratur i middelalderen ligesom nu var et af de vigtigste midler, hvorved man udtrykte sin verdensopfattelse og skabte mening og struktur i det omkringliggende samfund. Disse tekster giver en et vigtigt indblik i, hvordan kristne europæere tænkte og hvad der optog dem.

  • 19.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Fornöstnordiskt predikospråk: Gammeløstnordisk prædikensprog2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Fremstillingen af jøder i den danske middelalder2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Fremstillingen af jøder i tekster fra den danske senmiddelalder: Et skifte i antijødisk polemisk litteratur i den tidlige reformatoriske periode?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Grumme løver, menstruerende mænd og fule bedragere: Jøder i østnordiske tekster fra middelalderen2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Hebraiske ord i Jødernes hemmeligheder (1516)2010In: Danske studier, ISSN 0106-4525, E-ISSN 2246-8323, no 105, p. 31-50Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Adams, Jonathan
    University of Hull.
    Helle Degnbol et al., ed., Ordbog over det norrøne prosasprog (a–bam), Copenhagen: The Arnamagnæan Institute, 19952000In: Saga-Book of the Viking Society for Northern Research, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 334-336Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Idolaters, Warriors, and Lovers: Muslims in Medieval Swedish and Danish Texts2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Between the Viking Age and the Middle Ages, there was a noticeable change in relations between Scandinavia and the Islamic world – the sources point to a shift from travel and trade to hostility and war. Muslims did not settle in the North until the eighteenth century, and during the Middle Ages there was little contact between Scandinavians and ‘real’ Muslims. So how did Danes and Swedes imagine and describe this Other? Is there anything unusual or unexpected about the portrayal of Muslims? How does this image compare to that of the other great religious opponent, the Jew? By investigating East Norse devotional texts, travel literature, saints’ lives, romances and accounts of Ottoman warfare, this paper aims to draw out some of the major themes in medieval Scandinavian descriptions of Muslims and Islam.

  • 26.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Images of Jews and Saracens in Old Danish and Old Swedish sermons and wall paintings: Sources for an investigation of the spread of images and ideas from “continental” Europe and the Mediterranean to medieval Denmark and Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Jews were not permitted to settle in Scandinavia until the modern era (Denmark 1622, Sweden 1718) and Muslims did not arrive in significant numbers until the late twentieth century. Yet despite the fact that there was no resident population, Muslims and, in particular, Jews can be found in many different literary genres (including sermons) and works of art (including wall-paintings, altar pieces and sculptures). These two non-Christian groups in medieval Scandinavia are thus an example of what Gloria Cigman with regard to England has called “absent-presence”, although in Denmark and Sweden they were not a memory or continuation from a pre-expulsion era but rather manifestations of the imagination that drew upon pre-existing classical and foreign traditions.

    This paper surveys the extant vernacular sermon material from medieval Denmark and Sweden that mentions Muslims and Jews and attempts to categorise the different types and uses of the representations. As the extant corpus of sermon material from medieval Denmark and Sweden is rather small, I shall look briefly at the saints’ lives and legends that were often used to fashion exempla in sermons. The paper will also consider the rich treasury of wall paintings and how these pictures reinforced the ideas about Jews propagated in sermons. (There are no unequivocal images of Muslims, Saracens or Turks in medieval Danish and Swedish wall paintings.)

    Finally, the paper will attempt to trace the Scandinavian imagery and influences back to ‘continental’ Europe and uncover what sorts of ideas about Muslims and Jews were useful enough to Scandinavians to survive the long journey north.

  • 27.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    In Danico Dicitur: Glossing in Danish Manuscripts2010In: Scandinavian Studies, ISSN 0036-5637, E-ISSN 2163-8195, no 82, p. 117-158Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Indledning: Østnordisk filologi - nu og i fremtiden2015In: Østnordisk filologi: nu og i fremtiden / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2015, p. 11-13Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 29.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Inside and Outside. The Role of the “Others” in Medieval Societies around the Baltic Coast: Preaching about Jews in Medieval Denmark2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Judar och muslimer i det medeltida Skandinavien och Baltikum2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Jødernes hemmeligheder2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Kristi mordere: Jøder i danske passionsberetninger fra middelalderen2013In: Danske studier, ISSN 0106-4525, E-ISSN 2246-8323, p. 25-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The image of the Jews as the killers of Jesus has its origins in the Gospels where Jews are portrayed as responsible – directly or indirectly – for the Crucifixion. The enduring myth of the Christ-killer has evolved over nearly two millennia to find a variety of expressions in religion, politics, philosophy, literature and drama. In this article, I examine how Jews are portrayed as murderers in late medieval descriptions of the Passion found in Old Danish sermons and devotional literature. The influence of the saints Augustine of Hippo, Thomas Aquinas and Birgitta of Sweden is examined as also is the question of Jewish culpability in each of the texts and what this would have meant to the audience and readers. The Christkiller motif is shown to be an effective and flexible tool for the Church in marking the boundaries of vita christiana and in teaching empathy and spirituality to its members.

  • 33.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Language Difficulties in Some Medieval Vernacular Scandinavian Sermons2008In: Constructing the Medieval Sermon / [ed] Roger Andersson, Turnhout: Brepols, 2008, p. 189-207Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Lessons in Contempt2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Lessons in Contempt: Poul Ræff’s Translation and Publication in 1516 of Johannes Pfefferkorn’s The Confession of the Jews2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Published in 1516, Poul Ræff's Iudeorum Secreta, a translation of Johannes Pfefferkorn's The Conlession of the Jews, was a landmark in the development of anti-Jewish polemics in Denmark.

    For the first time, Danes were presented with descriptions of Jewish ceremonies that aimed to portray these practices as dangerously anti-Christian, superstitious and deviating from 'real' Biblical Judaism. Contemporary Judaism is described as a rabbinical construction that is worthy of nothing but ridicule and mockery.  Lessons in Contempt explores this key text that comprises a valuable source for a range of academic disciplines: the history of antisemitism, the study of Jewish-Christian relations, social history, the history of religious culture, and medieval and early modern Danish language and literature.

    This book includes an outline of how Jews were portrayed in medieval Danish vernacular literature; a description of Pfefferkorn's life and works; a discussion of Ræff's translation and publication of Iudeorum Secreta; a presentation of the language and style of the Danish version, as well as an edition of the text together with the Latin original, an English translation and an extensive commentary.

  • 36.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Lies, Damned Lies, and Statistics!: Language Mixture in a Medieval Scandinavian Manuscript2008In: Svenska språket och litteraturen i ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv, Kraków: Uniwersytet Jagielloński , 2008, p. 203-213Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Om at oversætte antisemitisme til dansk: Poul Ræffs udgivelse af Jødernes hemmeligheder (1516)2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Preaching about an Absent Minority: Medieval Danish Sermons and Jews2014In: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching / [ed] Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, New York: Routledge, 2014, p. 92-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Preaching about Jews without Jews2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Roger Andersson, De birgittinska ordensprästerna som traditionsförmedlare och folkfostrare. En studie i svensk medeltidspredikan på den 8:e söndagen efter trefaldighet, Runica et Mediævalia, Scripta minora, 4 (Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et Mediævalia, 2001); and Roger Andersson, Sermones sacri Svecice. The Sermon Collection in Cod. AM 787 4°, SFSS 1, 86 (Uppsala: Svenska fornskriftsällskapet, 2006)2008In: Medieval Sermon Studies, no 52, p. 85-90Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Bishop Murderer2017In: Beyond the Piraeus Lion: East Norse Studies from Venice / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Massimiliano Bampi, Copenhagen: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2017, p. 79-103Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [da]

    Artiklen præsenterer og diskuterer et pergamentfragment på Det Kongelige Bibliotek i København (Fragmentsamling, nr. 3230), ét blad af et nu tabt håndskrift. Det indeholder en mirakelberetning om en bispemorder, en fortælling der også findes i det berømte opbyggelsesværk Sjælens trøst. Fragmentet er dog ikke en overlevende rest af den store, tabte del af det danske Sjælens trøst-håndskrift (de to overlevende rester findes som Ups. C 529 og Holm. A 109); fragmentet hører hjemme i en anden redaktion eller snarere i en helt anden overleveringstradition.

  • 42.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Image of Muslims, Islam and Muḥammad in East Norse Texts2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Life of the Prophet Muḥammad in East Norse2015In: Fear and Loathing in the North: Jews and Muslims in Medieval Scandinavia / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Cordelia Heß, Berlin: De Gruyter , 2015, p. 203-237Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 89022015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 8902, Jonathan Adams offers a detailed analysis of the manuscript and its contents as well as a new edition of this puzzling text. The Birgittine-Norwegian texts are very distinctive from the main Birgittine vernacular corpus of literature and have taxed scholars for decades as to why and for whom they were written.

    The linguistic study of the manuscript is combined with contextual and historical information in order to reinforce the arguments made and offer explanations within a cultural context. This provides a welcome new dimension to earlier research that has otherwise been pursued to a large degree within a single academic discipline.

     

    CONTENTS

     

    Table of contents

    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Acknowledgements

    List of Abbreviations

     

    I Background

     

    1 St Birgitta and her Revelations

    1.1 Why St Birgitta?

    1.2 The life of St Birgitta

    1.3 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Latin tradition)

    1.4 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Swedish tradition)

    1.5 This book

     

    2 Textual history of the vernacular Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.1 Extant Swedish manuscripts

    2.1.1 Swedish retranslation

    2.2 Other Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.2.1 Old Danish

    2.2.2 Middle Norwegian

    2.3 Summary

     

    3 Birgitta and Norway

    3.1 Towards Nordic union in the fourteenth century: Royalty and the nobility

    3.2 Birgitta’s own personal contacts with Norway

    3.3 Birgitta’s family connections with Norway

    3.4 The Birgittine Movement in Norway and Munkeliv

    3.5 Summary

     

    4 Summary of previous research into the manuscript

    4.1 Gustaf E. Klemming

    4.2 Robert Geete

    4.3 Knut B. Westman

    4.4 Vilhelm Gödel

    4.5 Salomon Kraft

    4.6 Marius Sandvei

    4.7 Didrik Arup Seip

    4.8 Elias Gustaf Adolf Wessén

    4.9 Lars Wollin

    4. 10 Lennart Moberg

    4.11 Hans Torben Gilkær

    4.12 General evaluation of earlier theories

     

    II Manuscript

     

    5 Manuscript description

    5.1 Date and origin

    5.2 Provenance

    5.3 Contents

    5.4 Make-up and description

    5.4.1 Foliation

    5.4.2 Materials and dimensions

    5.4.3 Quiring

    5.4.4 Ruling and pricking

    5.4.5 Catchwords

    5.5 Script

    5.5.1 Scribal characteristics

    5.5.2 Abbreviations

    5.5.3 Punctuation

    5.5.4 Hyphenation and Word Division

    5.5.5 Spacing

    5.5.6 Rubrics and Guide Letters

    5.5.7 Marginal Notes

    5.6 Binding

    5.7 Damage

    5.8 Scribal error

     

    III Language

     

    6 Lexicon: idiosyncracies, foreign influence, and dialectal forms

    6.1 Hapax Legomena

    6.1.1 *drøvuker

    6.1.2 *iakilse and *iatilse

    6.1.3 *nidherflytilse

    6.1.4 *solbadh

    6.1.5 *spailse

    6.1.6 *søkiarinna

    6.1.7 *unsæld

    6.1.8 *urfamse/orfamse

    6.1.9 Distribution

    6.1.10 Discussion

    6.2 Middle Low German loanwords

    6.2.1 Unbound Morphemes

    6.2.2 Bound Morphemes

    6.2.3 Summary

    6.3 Latin words and phrases in E 8902

    6.3.1 Adjectives and Common Nouns

    6.3.2 Proper Nouns

    6.4 Vadstenaspråk-like, Östgötska, and Danish features

     

    7 Language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.1 Causes of Swedish influence on Norwegian in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

    7.1.1 Early definitions

    7.1.2 The problem of defining “norm” in the context of Old Norwegian 

    7.1.3 Internal causes of mixture

    7.1.4 External causes of mixture

    7.1.5 A diglossic situation in late medieval Norway?

    7.2. Intentional types of language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.2.1 Terminology

    7.2.2 Summary

    7.3 Causes of unintentional language mixture (“interference”) in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.3.1 Scribe’s own idiolect

    7.3.2 Scribe’s own dialect

    7.3.3 Dialect of the original

    7.3.4 Dialect of the area

    7.3.5 Norm of the genre

    7.3.6 Norm of the scriptorium

    7.3.7 Audience

    7.3.8 Summary

    7.4 Concluding remarks

     

    8 Analysis of language mixture in E 8902

    8.1 The use of statistics in literary research

    8.2 The diagnostic test features for E 8902 

    8.2.1 Diagnostic test feature A: Progressive i-mutation

    8.2.2 Diagnostic test feature B: Itacism

    8.2.3 Diagnostic test feature C: Diphthongisation

    8.2.4 Diagnostic test feature D: Monophthongisation

    8.2.5 Diagnostic test feature E: Vowel merger

    8.2.6 Diagnostic test feature F: Elision

    8.2.7 Diagnostic test feature G: Dental assimilation

    8.2.8 Diagnostic test feature H: First person singular pronoun

    8.2.9 Diagnostic test feature I: Relative particle

    8.2.10 Diagnostic test feature J: Anglo-Saxon letter forms

    8.3 Statistical procedure

    8.3.1 Total number of occurrences and proportion

    8.3.2 Rate of occurrence

    8.3.3 Ellegård’s distinctiveness ratio

    8.3.4 Testing for significance

    8.3.5 Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient

    8.3.6 Summary

    8.4 Language mixture

    8.4.1 Findings of the statistical analysis of language mixture

    8.5 Miscellaneous south-eastern Norwegian Forms

    8.5.1 The intrusive svarabhakti vowel

    8.5.2 Metaphony

    8.5.3 Metathesis of “vr”

    8.6 Summary of hand mixture types

    8.6.1 Hand 1

    8.6.2 Hand 2

    8.6.3 Hand 3

    8.6.4 Hand 4

    8.7 Summary of linguistic analysis

     

    9 Conclusion

    9.1 Summary of aims, methods, and findings

    9.2 Writing E 8902 

    9.2.1 Scribes

    9.2.2 Language

    9.2.3 Place of composition

    9.2.4 The manuscript’s place in the Swedish tradition

    9.3 Contents and audience

     

    IV Edition

     

    10 Text and commentary

    10.1 Editorial procedure

    10.2 Transcription

     

    11 Commentary, references, and indexes

    11.1 Commentary and references

    11.2 Index of names and places in E 8902

     

    Bibliography

    Index

     

  • 45.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    The Trials and Tribulations of Teaching East Norse to the British2007In: Encyclopædica Brittannica: Festskrift til Britta Olrik Frederiksen / [ed] Ragnheiður Mósesdóttir, Jonna Louis-Jensen & Florian Grammel, Copenhagen: The Arnamagnæan Collection , 2007, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    Trials and tribulations
  • 46.
    Adams, Jonathan
    University of Hull.
    Three newly “discovered” Danish sermons in the Austrian National Library2002In: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, no 46, p. 70-94Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    “Thus shall Christian people know to punish them”: Translating Pfefferkorn into Danish2017In: Revealing the Secrets of the Jews: Johannes Pfefferkorn and Christian Writings about Jewish Life and Literature in Early Modern Europe / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Cordelia Heß, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2017, p. 135-153Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Thus shall Christian people know to reproach them: Translating Pfefferkorn into Danish2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1516 Poul Ræff published Nouiter in lucem data: iudeorum secreta (‘Recently brought out into the light: The secrets of the Jews’), his Danish translation of Johannes Pfefferkorn’s Libellus de Judaica confessione (‘The small book of the confession of the Jews’ from 1508). Nouiter in lucem data is the oldest extant book in Danish printed by a Dane in Denmark – something that makes the book rather remarkable. (Earlier books in Danish had been printed either by Danes abroad or by foreigners in Denmark.)

    This paper will investigate how Ræff translated Pfefferkorn by focusing on his use of native elements, mistranslations and errors, and omissions and simplifications. It will also look at the context in which Ræff’s translation was read by looking at the marginalia and surrounding texts tha Nouiter in lucem data is bound with in its two extant copies. Furthermore, it will attempt to answer the question of why Ræff invested his time and money in publishing Pfefferkorn in Denmark – a country with no resident Jewish population at the time – and whether he was successful in his aims.

  • 49.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Translating Anti-Judaism into Old Danish: Poul Ræff’s Publication of Iudeorum Secreta (1516)2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Turið Sigurðardóttir and Brian Smith, eds. Jakob Jakobsen in Shetland and the Faroes (Gremista, Lerwick: Shetland Amenity Trust and University of the Faroe Islands, 2010). Pp. vii + 278. ISBN 978-0-956-5698-1-32011In: Fróðskaparrit, no 59, p. 133-145Article, book review (Refereed)
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