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  • 1.
    Ahlenius, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Vetenskapshistoriedisciplinens etiska rötter: Kulturkritik, idealism och dygdelära i George Sartons kamp om begreppet humanism2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker vetenskapshistorikern George Sartons (1884–1956) nyhumanism i ljuset av den kritik han riktade mot humanister och de brännande samhällsproblemen han såg i sin samtid. Tidigare forskning har tolkat Sarton som isolerad från samtida intellektuella diskussioner, poängterat Sartons idéers begränsade framgångar och tolkat dessa som ett förespråkande av enhetsvetenskap mer hemmahörande i 1800-talet. Dessa studier har inte i tillräckligt hög utsträckning uppmärksammat Sartons kritik av humanister som en begripliggörande kontext. Humanister kritiserades på grund av deras avståndstagande från vetenskaper resulterade i en verklighetsfrånvändhet som gjorde humanister till irrelevanta för samtiden. Undersökningen visar att Sartons nyhumanism framför allt förespråkade en etik och världsbild för att kunna hantera den tekniska moderniteten. Vetenskapshistoria var ett medel för att ingjuta goda moraliska karaktärsdrag i individer. Genom att fokusera på begreppet humanism synliggörs Sartons försök till att förskjuta betydelsen från klassicism mot antropocentrism för att formulera en samtidsrelevant ideologi.

  • 2.
    Ahnfelt, Nils-Otto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy.
    Fors, Hjalmar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas, History of Science. Hagströmer Library, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Making Early Modern Medicine: Reproducing Swedish Bitters2016In: Ambix, ISSN 0002-6980, E-ISSN 1745-8234, Vol. 63, no 2, 162-183 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historians of science and medicine have rarely applied themselves to reproducing the experiments and practices of medicine and pharmacy. This paper delineates our efforts to reproduce "Swedish Bitters," an early modern composite medicine in wide European use from the 1730s to the present. In its original formulation, it was made from seven medicinal simples: aloe, rhubarb, saffron, myrrh, gentian, zedoary and agarikon. These were mixed in alcohol together with some theriac, a composite medicine of classical origin. The paper delineates the compositional history of Swedish Bitters and the medical rationale underlying its composition. It also describes how we go about to reproduce the medicine in a laboratory using early modern pharmaceutical methods, and analyse it using contemporary methods of pharmaceutical chemistry. Our aim is twofold: first, to show how reproducing medicines may provide a path towards a deeper understanding of the role of sensual and practical knowledge in the wider context of early modern medical culture; and second, how it may yield interesting results from the point of view of contemporary pharmaceutical science.

  • 3.
    Alkarp, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Archeology and anti-Semitism.: - The Swedish consular Service in the Aegean and the Rhodes blood libel Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Alkarp, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Den smågrinige flanören: - Bulstrode Whitelocke och den svenska forntiden2009Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Alm, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Johansson, Britt-IngerUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Scripts of Kingship: Essays on Bernadotte and Dynastic Formation in an Age of Revolution2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When French Marshal Jean Baptiste Bernadotte was elected heir to the Swedish Throne in 1810, a dramatic dynastic venture commenced. In an age of revolutions, marked by political as well as cultural upheavals, the commoner from Pau was transformed into King Charles XIV John and the head of a new royal dynasty in Sweden and Norway. Although fraught with challenges, the venture proved successful. As restoration set in, and the Napoleonides of Europe fell one after the other, Bernadotte held fast, and today the dynasty is approaching its bicentennial on the throne.

    In nine illustrated essays, the formation of a dynasty is explored as it unfolded in media such as ceremonies, spatial arrangements, opera performances, publicity and panegyrics.

  • 6.
    Ambjörnsson, Ronny
    University of Umeå.
    The honest and diligent worker1991Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Amelin, Olov
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Medaljens baksida: Instrumentmakaren Daniel Ekström och hans efterföljare i 1700-talets Sverige1999Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with scientific instrument-making in Sweden in the 18th century with an overview of the craft in the second half of the 17th century. The main character in this book, Daniel Ekström is introduced in chapter two. His position within the Swedish scientific community is described and the attempts by the Land Survey Board and the Academy of Sciences to institutionalise his business is discussed. Ekström travelled to England and France and the transfer of technology that followed from this journey is discussed. His followers, Johan Ahl and Johan Zacharias Steinholtz and their work are described. In 1762, Ahl moved to Denmark where the geographical circle, invented by Ekström, became an important technical condition for an ambitious mapping project. In Sweden on the other hand, J. Z. Steinholtz' business ended in bankruptcy. The optical instrument-makers are also described, the most prominent being Carl Lehnberg, who, just like Ekström, became a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences. In the final chapter a few comments on experimental physics and it's influence on Swedish instru-ment-making are given. Though most importantly, the failure of the attempt to establish scientific instrument-making is related to a more general change in how the sciences were regarded in Sweden around 1760.

    In appendix one, a comparison is made between a reflecting telescope by Ekström and a telescope by James Short. In appendix two, a list is given over Swedish instrument-makers and preserved Swedish scientific instruments.

    In appendix three, the workshops in Stockholm are displayed on a map.

  • 8. Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Enbom, Jesper
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för kultur och media.
    Bland småbrukare och storspioner2008In: Provins: Norrländsk litterär tidskrift, ISSN 0280-9974, no 1, 78 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Andersson, Linus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    "En individ som ingenting är, ingenting representerar": Meningskapande kring demokratiseringen i den liberala debatten om anarkisterna på 1890-talet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Andersson, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    God and the moral beings: A contextual study of Thomas Hobbes’s third book in Leviathan2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The question this essay sets out to answer is what role God plays in Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan, in the book “Of a Christian Common-wealth”, in relationship to humans as moral beings. The question is relevant as the religious aspects of Hobbes’s thinking cannot be ignored, although Hobbes most likely had rather secular and sceptical philosophical views. In order to answer the research question Leviathan’s “Of a Christian Common-wealth” will be compared and contrasted with two contextual works: the canonical theological document of the Anglican Church, the Thirty-Nine Articles (1571), and Presbyterian-Anglican document the Westminster Confession (1648). Also, recent scholarly works on Hobbes and more general reference works will be employed and discussed. Hobbes’s views provide a seemingly unsolvable paradox. On the one hand, God is either portrayed, or becomes by consequence of his sceptical and secular state thinking, a distant God in relationship to moral humans in “Of a Christian Common-wealth”. Also, the freedom humans seem to have in making their own moral decisions, whether based on natural and divine, or positive laws, appears to obscure God’s almightiness. On the other hand, when placing Hobbes in context, Hobbes appears to have espoused Calvinist views, with beliefs in predestination and that God is the cause of everything. Rather paradoxically it not unlikely that Hobbes espoused both the views that appear to obscure the role of God, and his more Calvinistic views.

  • 11.
    Aydin, Sami
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Sergius of Reshaina: Introduction to Aristotle and his Categories, Addressed to Philotheos.: Syriac Text, with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary.2016Book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Aydin, Sami
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Sergius of Reshaina, Introduction to Aristotle and his Categories, Addressed to Philotheos: Syriac Text, with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There are two related texts extant in Syriac written by the physician and commentator Sergius of Reshaina (d. 536) about the philosophy of Aristotle. This book provides a critical edition and a facing English translation of the shorter of these texts. The edition is based on the single preserved manuscript of the text (Berlin, Petermann I 9). An introduction to Sergius’ life and works, and an analysis of the text in its intellectual context, is also provided. His writing is one of the earliest analyses on Aristotelian philosophy in the Syriac language and presents concepts that were taught at the Neoplatonist school of Ammonius Hermeiou (d. 517-526) in Alexandria.

    Sergius received his philosophical and medical education in Alexandria and was active in the city of Reshaina as one of the first translators of profane Greek material into Syriac. He translated chiefly medical works by Galen, especially those that were studied in the Alexandrian school, but also the theological corpus of Pseudo-Dionysius. Sergius composed some original works on Aristotle’s philosophy as well. Through his translation work and literary activity, he paved the way for the later engagement in medicine and Aristotelian philosophy among Syriac writers. His importance and influence is acknowledged by the historical testimonies to him, as well as by the numerous ways in which his works were read and used.

    The text of Sergius, edited here, treats themes that are primarily found in Aristotle’s Categories. After a preface, in which the author refutes potential criticism and justifies his writing, he begins his work with a traditional division of the philosophy into theory and practice with their respective subdivisions. He also presents the Platonist notion of universals, before introducing the ten categories of reality into which, according to him, Aristotle had arranged all existing things. However, Sergius discusses the categories of substance, quantity, quality, and relatives more extensively, since these four were considered to be the main categories. Many problems related to these categories are presented together with proposed solutions. Other topics described by Sergius are such as what is a distinctive property, the natural philosophers’ view of the four elements, the modes of opposition and its difference from contrariety, and the five kinds of priority. Moreover, Sergius provides a relatively lengthy discussion of the nature of space and whether it belongs to the category of quantity. This discussion is based on the Alexandrian commentators’ interpretations of Aristotle’s Physics rather than the Categories. In the commentary section of this edition, Sergius’ line of thought is clarified and compared to some Greek commentaries from the same tradition.

  • 13.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Collecting Standards: Teaching Botanical Skills in Sweden, 1850-19502011In: Science in Context, ISSN 0269-8897, E-ISSN 1474-0664, Vol. 24, no 2, 239-258 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Standards of botanical practice in Sweden between 1850 and 1950 were set, not only in schools and universities, but also in naturalist societies and botanical exchange clubs, and were articulated in handbooks and manuals produced for schoolboys. These standards were maintained among volunteer naturalists in the environmental movement in the 1970s, long after the decline and disappearance of collecting from the curriculum. School science provides a link between the laboratory, the classroom, and the norms and practices of everyday life: between the various "insides" and "outsides" of educational and research settings.

  • 14.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Le projet Linné: Mobiliser et organiser les botanistes amateurs en Suède, 1972-19862007In: Des sciences citoyennes?: La question de l’amateur dans les sciences naturalistes, 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Linneanska traditioner?: skolor, jubileer och botanisk praktik2014In: Svensk snillrikhet? Nationella föreställningar om entreprenörer och teknisk begåvning 1800-2000 / [ed] Staffan Bergwik, Michael Godhe, Anders Houltz, Magnus Rodell,, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, Vol. S. 199-220, 199-220 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The publication strategies of Jons Jacob Berzelius (1779-1848): negotiating national and linguistic boundaries in chemistry2016In: Annals of Science, ISSN 0003-3790, E-ISSN 1464-505X, Vol. 73, no 2, 195-207 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article follows the publication strategies of the Swedish chemist Jons Jacob Berzelius (1779-1848). It focuses on the role of language and translation in Berzelius' efforts to strengthen his own reputation, and that of Swedish science. As an author and editor, Berzelius encouraged the translation of his own works into several languages, while endeavouring to preserve the status of Swedish as a language of scientific publication in the face of French, and increasingly German and English, dominance. Reforming the Transactions of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and launching several new scientific periodicals, Berzelius also attempted to influence the publication practices in other countries. Recent scholarship on the history of scientific publication has drawn attention to the practical difficulties of determining and getting hold of the relevant publications in one's field, the 'malleability' of the journal medium, and the common practice of reprinting and summarising papers published elsewhere. Berzelius' publication strategies highlight translation - time-consuming, unreliable and problematic in terms of authorisation and ownership - as one aspect of the wider problem of communicating across national and linguistic boundaries. Berzelius' struggles with the practicalities of communicating across borders in times of war, the choice of language and its consequences, and national standards of publication, demonstrate the importance of a transnational perspective on the history of scientific publication.

  • 17.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    A Suitable Country: The Relationship between Sweden's Interwar Population Policy and Family Planning in Postindependence India2010In: Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, ISSN 0170-6233, E-ISSN 1522-2365, Vol. 33, no 3, 297-320 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article delineates a strong continuity, particularly in terms of personnel, between interwar domestic population policies and Sweden’s postwar participation in international and transnational population-control programs. It argues that Swedish engagement in population control and family planning in the emerging Third World, and particularly in South Asia, was motivated by the conviction that poverty and underdevelopment must be attacked on several fronts simultaneously, with population control being one of the most important. In its first bilateral aid programs Sweden would prioritize the promotion of birth control primarily because it was still too controversial to be promoted multilaterally, not least for religious reasons; and because Swedish experts were regarded as especially liberal, rational, and secularized. Sterilization expertise played no decisive part in this continuity. When first establishing themselves in South Asia, Swedish experts would recommend the rhythm method and other contraceptive methods that depended on self-control.

  • 18.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Den gränslösa hälsan: Signe och Axel Höjer, folkhälsan och expertisen2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the mutual life project of Signe (1896-1988) and Axel Höjer (1890-1974), a married couple who were key actors in the construction of the Swedish welfare state. It emphasises the ways in which they went about asserting a special public health expertise in different contexts. As starting points I take the malleability of the concept folkhälsa (people’s health or population health) and the centrality of expertise in the governance of modern societies. Theoretical concepts such as gender, policy transfer, biopower and governmentality are central to the analysis.

    The dissertation includes three parts. The first part investigates how the Höjers agreed to coordinate their work and how they, with reference to ideas picked up in France and England at the end of World War I, attempted to reform mother and child health care in Sweden. Their strategies where rhetorical but also practical, using Hagalund outside Stockholm as their experimental ground.

    The second part investigates, firstly, how Axel Höjer, as General-Director of the Medical Board of Sweden (1935-52) asserted a sociomedical expertise, integrating the emerging social sciences and universalist views on the organisation of the welfare state into the realm of medicine, in order to launch ideas of a thorough reorganisation and expansion of the Swedish health care system. His focus was on preventive medicine and health care, with the complete physical, mental and social health of the whole population as an explicit goal. Secondly, it explores how Signe Höjer at the same time tried to launch ideas on health and wellbeing as a social politician and a public committee member. She also tried to define family policy as a specific policy area. However, despite her training as a nurse and a social worker, she was largely confined to asserting a particularly ”female” expertise, which made her position rather ambiguous in terms of authority.

    The third part investigates how the Höjers, in the 1950s and 60s, worked with international health, Axel mainly for the WHO in India and Ghana, Signe as a policy entrepreneur, primarily in the fields of childcare and family planning. My findings partly confirm theories that see development aid as an extension of domestic social policy, but they challenge the view of aid as a simple one-way process. I demonstrate how the Höjers at least tried to adapt their projects abroad to meet local circumstances, and also show how they brought lessons from the third world to a domestic public. In the latter case they did not primarily act as experts of Swedish-style social policy, but as experts on the developing countries and on development aid.

  • 19.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Det politiska privatlivet: samarbete, konflikter och kompromisser i Signe och Axel Höjers äktenskap2011In: Par i vetenskap och politik: intellektuella äktenskap i moderniteten / [ed] Annika Berg, Christina Florin, Per Wisselgren, Umeå: Boréa , 2011, 253-300 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    En ful vana: Cigaretten och den nya kvinnan i 1930- och 40-talens Sverige2010In: In på bara huden: Medicinhistoriska studier tillägnade Karin Johannisson / [ed] Torbjörn Gustafsson Chorell & Maja Bondestam, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2010, 87-110 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    From Copycats to Double Agents: Axel and Signe Höjer and the Transfer of Public Health Policies in 20th Century Sweden2007In: Transferring Public Health, Medical Knowledge and Science in the 19th and 20th Century: Conference Proceedings, 2007, 133-154 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Kristina Engwall, Magdalena Bengtsson Levin und Stefanie von Schnurbein (red.): Hälsa – makt, tolkning, styrning. Stockholm: Institutet för Framtidsstudier 2008 (= Framtidens samhälle; 13), 231 S. [recension]2009In: NORDEUROPAforum: Zeitschrift für Politik, Wirtschaft und Kultur, ISSN 1863639X, Vol. 12, no 1, 163-164 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Power, Knowledge and Acknowledgement of Expertise: Signe and Axel Höjer's Strategies to Launch Public Health Ideas, 1919-19702010In: In Experts We Trust: Knowledge, Politics and Bureaucracy in Nordic Welfare States / [ed] Åsa Lundqvist & Klaus Petersen, Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark , 2010, 181-221 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    [Recension av] Cecilia Riving, Icke som en annan människa: Psykisk sjukdom i mötet mellan psykiatrin och lokalsamhället under 1800-talets andra hälft (Hedemora/Möklinta: Gidlunds, 2008)2009In: Sydsvenska medicinhistoriska sällskapets årskrift, ISSN 2000-0715, 247-250 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    "Socialistisk" sjukvårdsreform skrämmer USA2009In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 23/12, Kultur & Nöje 7- p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History. Stockholms universitet, Historiska institutionen/Department of History.
    Suzanne Corkin: Permanent present tense. The man with no memory, and what he taught the world2013In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Åter från dödens väntrum: om nära döden-upplevelser på film2008In: Den mediala döden: idéhistoriska variationer, Lund: Ellerströms , 2008, 11-47 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Berg, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Florin, ChristinaHistoriska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.Wisselgren, PerSociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Par i vetenskap och politik: intellektuella äktenskap i moderniteten2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Berg, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Despotism och erotik: kvinnan och religion i Montesquieus Persiska brev2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how, in Montesquieu’s Persian Letters (1721), religion and religious structures are presented to influence women’s position in French society.

    In Persian Letters Montesquieu presents a dogmatic religious life, which proceed from a literal interpretation of the bible. Such a reading raises critical questions concerning the nature of women, and subsequently places man over woman. Persian Letters show how this male dominance gets institutionalized in marriage. The religious life depicted is also distinguished by a non-genuine religious conviction and by acts which take on a simulation form. The compliance with the religious order has little to do with religious conviction and more to do with fear of punishment and social stigma. Montesquieu also shows how Christianity can be said to battle against human nature and especially her sexual passion. Montesquieu calls the divine origin of the bible into question, and instead suggests it was written by human hand. Subsequently, by means of rational thinking, a humanist perspective and a utilitarian principle, he questions a world order founded on a dogmatic interpretation of the bible.

    Fear as a central part of the religious life, the subjects complete subordination to the religious structures, the suppression of the human passions and simulating modes of actions are all central parts in what Montesquieu calls despotic structures. In Persian Letters he exposes parallels between religious despotism, political despotism and despotic family life.

    Montesquieu further links women’s situation directly with the political life. Within the family, Montesquieu tells us, citizens first developed a relationship to power, and power structures. These experiences later come to influence the individual’s behaviour in society, and constitute the foundation for the political life.

  • 30.
    Berg, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Friskis&Svettis, det sista alternativet till sporten?: Motiv till motionsidrott och relationen till tävlingsidrott i Friskispressen 1981-20092015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Friskispressen, en medlemstidning för Friskis&Svettis medlemmar med ca 6 nummer per år, studeras under åren 1981-2009 med nedslag ungefär vart 5:e år för att utreda Friskis&Svettis relation till tävlingsidrotten och de samhällssyften som ligger till grund Friskis&Svettis motionsträning. Uppsatsen tar avstamp i tidigare svensk idrottshistorisk forskning, speciellt den om kritiska röster mot den svenska idrottsrörelsen av bland andra Johnny Wijk. Friskispressen visar sig tidigt ha tagit en kritisk inställning mot tävlingsidrotten så till den grad att Jympan, Friskis&Svettis främsta träningsform, framstår som speciellt utformad för attskilja sig från tävlingsidrotten och som en manifestation av idrottskritik. Senare under studieperioden avtar denna uttalade tävlingsidrottskritik och på 2000-talet förekommer flera av de centrala aspekter som Friskispressen kritiserade hos tävlingsidrotten i Friskis&Svettis samtidigt som jympan får en allt mindre central roll i Friskispressens rapportering.

  • 31.
    Berggren, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Så talade Zarathustra om kristendom: En komparativ studie mellan Så talade Zarathustra och Antikrist2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A comparative study focusing on Friedrich Nietzsche's view of Christianity. The study compares two of Nietzche's works: Thus Spoke Zarathustra and Antichrist in order to map out if Nietzsche was consistent in his criticism. 

  • 32.
    Berggren, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Den nya diagnosen: En diskursanalys av den tidiga rådgivningslitteraturen kring Aspergers syndrom2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen utförs en diskursanalys av tidig rådgivningslitteratur som behandlar aspergers syndrom och som riktar sig till personer med aspergers syndrom och personer i dessas närmaste omgivning. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur författarna etablerar den nya diagnosen och hur de etablerar hur den bör fungera i sitt sociala sammanhang.

    Analysen visar att författarna beskriver att det finns flera tillgängliga definitioner av aspergers syndrom och att det råder stor oenighet även kring om det över huvud taget bör vara en diagnos. Diagnosen framstår som mycket flexibel i sin tillämning. Resultatet av undersökningen indikerar att införandet av aspergersdiagnosen påverkar diagnosproducenternas blick för vad som är avvikande beteende.

    Trots den oenighet författarna beskriver kring kategorin aspergers syndrom, beskriver de inte desto mindre denna som en mycket viktig kategori och dess införande som en stor framgång. Författarna tillämpar kategorin för att tolka och beskriva människor. De tillämpar den även på människor ifrån äldre tider och beskriver tidigare kategoriseringar som felaktiga. Denna känsla av framsteg blir intressant i ljus av att det finns planer på att upplösa diagnosen aspergers syndrom mindre än 20 år efter de här texterna skrivs.

    Författarna etablerar att kategorin aspergers syndrom bör användas för att skapa ett nytt förhållningssätt till personer med aspergers och för att skapa en ny självförståelse, både hos personerna själva och hos deras föräldrar. Analysen visar hur författarna etablerar att diagnosen i sig ska avhjälpa det tillstånd som diagnostiseras.

  • 33.
    Berghorn, Rickard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    En värld av geometri och rörelse: Ontologi och multiversum i Emanuel Swedenborgs Principia, i jämförelse med Leibniz2011Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    1734 var Emanuel Swedenborg en hårt arbetande, rationalistisk vetenskapsman i tidens anda. Detta år utgav han ett av sina mest ambitiösa vetenskapliga och naturfilosofiska verk, Principia Rerum Naturalium. Han försökte här skapa en cosmologia generalis – enallomfattande kosmologisk beskrivning från elementarpartiklarnas uppkomst och konstruktionupp till stjärnornas och planeternas formande. Denna uppsats utreder den ontologiska grundenför Swedenborgs naturfilosofi och lyfter fram tidigare ofta förbisedda aspekter, som hansspekulationer om multiversum. Swedenborgs kosmologi visar sig vara starkt påverkad av ennaturfilosofisk tradition från Gottfried Leibniz.

  • 34.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    An Assembled Affinity of Science and Home: The Gendered Lifestyle of Svante Arrhenius and Early Twentieth Century Physical ChemistryIn: Isis (Chicago, Ill.), ISSN 0021-1753, E-ISSN 1545-6994Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Anne Kristin Børresen: Bergtatt. Johan H. L.Vogt. Professor, rådgiver og familiemann.Trondheim:Tapir akademisk forlag, 2011.368 s. ISBN 978-82-5192-828-1, hft.2012In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, 278-279 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Astronauten som kom ut ur garderoben efter döden2012In: Feministiskt perspektiv, no 37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Father, Son and the Scientific Spirit: Otto Pettersson, Hans Pettersson and the imitation of oceanographyIn: Science as Culture, ISSN 0950-5431, E-ISSN 1470-1189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Families have historically facilitated a migration of science across generations, but how has this repetition been achieved? The Swedish oceanographer Hans Pettersson (1888-1966) inherited oceanography, primarily through is father, Otto Pettersson (1848-1941). Academic power was transferred from father to son, and one of Otto’s major concerns was to find a successor from his family. By exercising control over the early institutions of oceanography, he created a regime where that goal was achieved. Nonetheless, the process of transferring knowledge was multifaceted and paradoxical. Resources were exchanged between father and son, and Hans did accept the academic kingdom, but their relationship was marked by severe tensions.

    The key analytical concept to capture these contradictions here is imitation – drawn from Gabriel Tarde’s sociology. Hans Pettersson did not so much overtake his father’s research as he imitated a posture – including attitudes, desires and embodiments – towards science. The right posture included dedication and asceticism in the laboratory setting as well as an ambition to produce new results. Pettersson imitated the desires of an academic entrepreneur. He learned how to design strategies, create his own institutional setting and a research field to dominate. In sum he imitated efforts to create renewal. Moreover, a key feature of the posture towards science was the willingness to struggle for academic survival, often through controversies. Imitating science thus meant repeating a historically specific culture.

  • 38.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Networks, marginality and fractured identities: The history of women in science and feminist science studies2010In: Never Mind the Gap!: Gendering Science in Transgressive Encounters / [ed] Martha Blomqvist & Ester Ehnsmyr, Uppsala: Centrum för genusvetenskap , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Philip Ball Curiosity: How Science became interested in everything2013In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Historicity of the Physics Class: Enactments, Mimes and Imitation2014In: Cultural Studies of Science Education, ISSN 1871-1502, E-ISSN 1871-1510, Vol. 9, no 2, 495-501 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses Anna Danielsson’s article “In the physics class: university physics students’ enactments of class and gender in the context of laboratory work”. The situated co-construction of knowledge and identity forms the crucial vantage point and I argue that it is a point of intersection between the history of science and research in science education. The former can provide a valuable understanding of the historicity of learning science. I thus highlight the importance of knowledge as situated in time and space, for instance the importance of the historical division between “head and hand” clearly visible in the discourse of Danielsson’s informants. Moreover, the article discusses how identity is produced in specific knowledge contexts through repeated performances. The article closes by briefly suggesting analytical alternatives, in particular “belonging” and “imitation”. Both draw on post-structuralist ideas about the citational nature of identity. Belonging is created by citing and reinstating norms. Imitating knowledge, identity and norms is an issue that should be brought to the fore when we speak of education and training.

  • 41.
    Berndtsson, Tim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature.
    Bringing Into Light, or Increasing Darkness With Darkness: Jacob Wilde’s Rewriting of Samuel Pufendorf’s Account of Swedish Ancient History2015In: Traces of Transnational Relations in the Eighteenth Century / [ed] Tim Berndtsson, Annie Mattson, Mathias Persson, Vera Sundin, Marie-Christine Skuncke, Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2015, 121-146 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Bjorkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Emergence of Genetic Counseling in Sweden: Examples from Eugenics and Medical Genetics2015In: Science in Context, ISSN 0269-8897, E-ISSN 1474-0664, Vol. 28, no 3, 489-513 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Argument This paper examines the intertwined relations between eugenics and medical genetics from a Swedish perspective in the 1940s and 1950s. The Swedish case shows that a rudimentary form of genetic counseling emerged within eugenic practices in the applications of the Swedish Sterilization Act of 1941, here analyzed from the phenomenon of heredophobia (arftlighetsskrack). At the same time genetic counseling also existed outside eugenic practices, within the discipline of medical genetics. The paper argues that a demand for genetic counseling increased in the 1940s and 1950s in response to a sense of reproductive responsibility engendered by earlier eugenic discourse. The paper also questions the claim made by theoreticians of biopolitics that biological citizens have emerged only during the last decades, especially in neoliberal societies. From the Swedish case it is possible to argue that this had already happened earlier in relation to the proliferation of various aspects of eugenics to the public.

  • 43.
    Bjorkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Long Road to Stockholm: The Story of MRI. An Autobiography.2014In: British Journal for the History of Science, ISSN 0007-0874, E-ISSN 1474-001X, Vol. 47, no 2, 391-392 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Björk, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Problemet utan namn?: Neuroser, stress och kön i Sverige från 1950 till 19802011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on Sweden between 1950 and 1980, this doctoral dissertation analyzes and problematizes the process in which a discourse about neurosis and nervous troubles gradually evolved into a discourse about stress. The thesis aims to show how the medical and general discussion about diffuse or vague symptoms transformed and rearticulated ideas and views on society and man, citizenship, gender roles, and medicine. It shows how the discourse on neuroses tended to locate sickness and deviance in the individual, whereas its subsequent transformation into a discourse on stress located the pathological in an external, societal sphere.

    A particularly prominent issue in the study concerns the role that gender, and in particular female gender, has played in these discourses, and how the place of the feminine can be understood in relation to stress and neuroses. The dissertation shows that female gender was not central to the discourse on neuroses and stress  during the studied period. On the contrary, gender was subordinated to ideas about man and citizenship within the greater context of society and culture.

    The dissertation takes its starting point in the Swedish 1950’s, often characterized as the era of ”The Strong Society” or ”The People’s Home”. During this period, the neurosis discourse was fixed and remained unchanged. In practice, neurosis was a diagnosis that provided such symptoms that were otherwise difficult to measure and assess with a theory of origin. Neuroses were believed to principally affect a certain category of individuals, who, due to their constitution or disposition, were held to be particularly susceptible to neurotic sufferings.

    During the 1960s the belief in The Strong Society and its notion of ideal citizenship began to crumble. It was against this background that the Swedish medical profession started discussing ”stress”. Stress, in contrast, could afflict anyone and everyone, according to “the father of stress” Hans Selye and Swedish stress researchers. Stress was assumed to be a potential cause of ”nervous troubles” and disease, but was never considered to be a disease in itself. The concept of the individual as a citizen now gave way for the notion of the individual as a primarily biological organism. Within the stress discourse in the 1960s, the primacy of the universal normal (male) man was a recurring focal point.

    In the 1970s, the stress researchers distanced themselves from Selyes’ concept of stress by focusing on individual factors. In the discussion about stress during the 1970s, the ”constitutionally weak” individual of the 1950s and the biological organism of the 1960s blended into a hybrid construction of a unique, biological individual.

  • 45.
    Björk, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Samtidens martyrer: unga kvinnor, självskadande och media2008In: Den mediala döden: idéhistoriska variationer, Lund: Ellerström , 2008, 101-122 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46. Björkman, Maria
    Författarinnor med naziideal: Recension av Bruna pennor - nazistiska motiv i svenska kvinnors litteratur2013In: Populär Historia, no 7, 67- p.Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, Trees, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain by Angus McLaren (review)2012In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 54, no 2, 415-417 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 48. Björkman, Maria
    Skandalen kring neurosedynet2013In: Populär Historia, no 6, 67- p.Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Vi vet för lite om steriliseringarna2013In: Uppsala Nya Tidning, Vol. 5 okt.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Björkman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages.
    Gabrielle-Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise Du Châtelet-Lomond, Examens de la Bible2012In: Sjuttonhundratal, ISSN 1652-4772, 190-194 p.Article, book review (Refereed)
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