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  • 1.
    Adelswärd, Rebecka Millhagen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    More Than Meets the Eye. "Castles and Manor Houses in Sweden" Revisited2016In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 85, no 1, p. 97-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The landmark book series Slott och herresaten i Sverige (transl. Castles and Manor Houses in Sweden), published in 1966-1971 by Allhems forlag, is still today considered the most important art historical reference work on Swedish manor buildings and country houses. The 18 volumes seem to present a near complete picture of the nation's rich heritage of manor buildings, combining the comprehensive and topographically organized guide book with the thoroughness of the architectural monograph. This paper will address the more problematic aspects of the book series, its critical role in the writing of a Swedish architectural history and in shaping a national country house narrative. While each volume provides an authoritative and concise overview of the history, ownership and stylistic development of the most significant manor buildings in the province - their architecture, interiors, gardens and collections - the presentation with its general descriptions, formal analysis and neutral tone omits a more in-depth analysis of these complex environments as well as underlying social, political and economic aspects. The descriptions have, in a sense, been working against the depth of historical understanding and the identification of more complex networks. As a consequence, the Swedish manor house is presented as a continuous and self-contained "treasure house", with the critical perspectives and broader European context very seldom present in the characterizations.

  • 2.
    Alev, Uellar
    et al.
    Tallinn Univ Technol, Bldg Phys & Energy Efficiency, EE-19086 Tallinn, Estonia..
    Kalamees, Targo
    Tallinn Univ Technol, Bldg Phys & Energy Efficiency, EE-19086 Tallinn, Estonia..
    Eskola, Lari
    Aalto Univ, Dept Energy Technol, Aalto 00076, Finland..
    Arumägi, Endrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation. Tallinn Univ Technol, Bldg Phys & Energy Efficiency, EE-19086 Tallinn, Estonia..
    Jokisalo, Juha
    Aalto Univ, Dept Energy Technol, Aalto 00076, Finland..
    Donarelli, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Siren, Kai
    Aalto Univ, Dept Energy Technol, Aalto 00076, Finland..
    Broström, Tor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Indoor hygrothermal condition and user satisfaction in naturally ventilated historic houses in temperate humid continental climate around the Baltic Sea2016In: Architectural Science Review, ISSN 0003-8628, E-ISSN 1758-9622, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 53-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Indoor climate and user satisfaction were analysed by field measurement and a questionnaire in 67 traditional rural houses in Estonia, Finland and Sweden. Our findings showed that the indoor climate in all the investigated historic rural houses needs improvement. The room temperature was mainly too low during winter. Leaky houses had also a larger vertical temperature difference. The relative humidity in the unheated and periodically heated houses was high during winter and caused risk for mould growth in 17% of all houses and 33% of unheated houses. Significant differences of indoor humidity loads in different houses were revealed depending on the living density and usage profile. During the winter period, the design value of moisture excess was 4-5g/m(3) and the average moisture load was 2-3.5g/m(3). The indoor humidity load in historic houses was similar to that in modern houses. The results of the questionnaire showed that main problems were related to unstable or too low temperatures. At the same time, inhabitants rated the overall indoor climate as healthy and no statistically important relations were found between average indoor temperature and complaints about too cold or too warm indoor temperatures.

  • 3. Alev, Ullar
    et al.
    Eskola, Lari
    Arumägi, Endrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Jokisalo, Juha
    Donarelli, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Siren, Kai
    Broström, Tor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Kalamees, Tango
    Renovation alternatives to improve energy performance of historic rural houses in the Baltic Sea region2014In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 77, p. 58-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses renovation alternatives to improve energy performance of historic rural houses in three countries (Estonia, Finland, Sweden) in the Baltic Sea region (cold climate). The study was conducted by a combination of field measurements and simulations. Indoor climate, typical houses and structures as well as the current condition and need for renovation were determined by field measurements. Based on field measurements, indoor climate and energy simulation models were validated and used to calculate energy use for different renovation measures. Energy renovation packages were calculated for different scenarios (minimal influence on the appearance of the house, improvement of thermal comfort, improvement of building service systems) for different energy saving levels. The analysis showed that the improvement of building service systems and the energy source holds the largest energy saving potential. The building envelope of old rural houses needs improvement also due to high thermal transmittance and air leakage. The insulation of the external wall has the largest single energy saving potential of the building's envelope. The results show how energy savings depend on energy saving targets, typology of the building, thermal transmittance of original structures, and building service systems. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 4.
    Bezlakovsky, Igor
    et al.
    City of Veliky Novgorod.
    Kuzmichev, Vladimir
    City of Veliky Novgorod.
    Ivchenko, Tatyana
    City of Veliky Novgorod.
    9. Urban planning in post-soviet Novgorod: Introducing a western legal system2003In: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 68-78Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Development and implementation of a program for rational use of the land of the city has become first priority for ensuring self-goverment and democracy in Veliky Novgorod, and is seen as the first step towards a system of sustainable city development. The article describes how new routines and legal instruments are introduced to support local self-government and public participation in urban planning, and the development of a real estate market. A system of zooning establishes legal rules which regulate the use of land and constructions of real estate. A geographic information system (GIS) has been introduced to develop the cadaster of the city.

  • 5.
    Billing, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Egyptens pyramider: Evighetens arkitektur i forntid och nutid2009 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Billing, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Egyptens pyramider: Evighetens arkitektur i forntid och nutid (ny reviderad upplaga)2011 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Björk, Fredrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Tiden är kommen: En studie av 1960-talets tegelfasader med Mjölkuddskyrkan, Luleå Stift, som exempel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to draw a picture of the factors that influence the 1960s brick facades, yesterday as well as today. The goal is to explore the possibilities for long-term preservation of the buildings from this period (“Rekordåren”, 1960s). Which was the current thoughts about the lifecycle of buildings at the time of the erection? Which facade materials were common for these years and what damage do they exhibit today? What type of restoration measures have been implemented regarding these brick facades and with what result? What´s the possibilities for long-term preservation of historically valuable buildings from these years? Questions are asked in order to help in the understanding of these buildings, with need for repair now and in the future. Through archival and literature studies, interviews and inspections this paper examines the issue of the need for maintenance of a material cultural heritage in connection with the issue of the conditions for a cultural object and its creation, maintenance and ultimately its survival.

  • 8.
    Blomqvist, Erik
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Ändrad användning av stationshus: fallet Ormaryds station – ett stationshus med betydande kulturvärden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Acquiring a former station building can mean that the property owners must familiarize themselves with a lot of planning and building regulations. After the new Planning and Building Act code into force in 2011, the responsibility lie on the developer to ensure laws and regulations. Based on the regulatory framework that is available occurs sometimes balance issues, between care requirements and building codes. 

    The station building in Ormaryd was acquired in 2009 by two individuals who intended to accommodate office and retail space in the building. In doing so a new local plan of the area was established, including regulations on how the building could be used. By including road safety and noise, the risk was not considered appropriate to use the station building for housing. The new local plan classed the building with a “capital Q”, which meant that the building's cultural value shall be cared for. From an architectural documentation was an enriching story told that could clarify the many values of the building and its surrounding environment. The building is still an important symbol of the district, although it is no longer used for railway operations.  

    The long process that was followed by the change of use of the station featured everything from planning application, for consultation and preparation of documentation and fire control plan. It proved to be a complicated way, which largely came to touch on issues concerning accessibility, fire and ventilation. The owners themselves have been very interested in preserving the existing building and seen its values, therefore Ormaryd’s station may be altered in a gentle way, although results have not yet seen the light of day. It is proven that careful restorations can meet building codes, which this thesis will demonstrates. It will not only show the presumed change, it will also show other options. To avoid entirely the loss of cultural values when adapting a building is almost impossible but interventions can be minimized and additions made reversible.

  • 9.
    Broström, Tor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Donarelli, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Berg, Fredrik
    Bygningsavdelingen - Norsk institutt for kulturminneforskning, NIKU.
    For the categorisation of historic buildings to determine energy saving2017In: AGATHON International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, ISSN 2464-9309, Vol. 1, p. 135-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technical characteristics and cultural values affect the possibility of saving energy in the historic building stock. The issue has been addressed and studied in monumental buildings. For the majority of historic buildings, defined in this research as traditional constructions built before 1945 when the building sector became more industrialised, there is still a need for further studies. In order to study a large building stock it is necessary to make generalisations. To break down the stock into a few statistically representative categories is one way of doing that.

    The aim of this article is to present the development of a method to categorise a historic building stock with the ability to identify the potential for energy saving and preservation of cultural values. By studying building categories and typical buildings in detail the results can be extrapolated to represent a large building stock.

    The method for categorisation is done in three steps: building inventory, categorisation and selection of typical buildings. The inventory is when data on the building stock is gathered and compiled. This is necessary in order to have a sound statistical basis for the following steps of the method. The categorisation is done by dividing the buildings in groups based on their basic characteristics; for example size and number of adjoining walls. A delimitation is done, if necessary, in order to exclude atypical buildings.

    Typical buildings from each category are then selected by letting the medium values within the categories decide the characteristics of the typical buildings. Other characteristics such as age, use, construction type etc. can be determined for the typical buildings and motivated statistically based on the data in the inventory.

    A case study has been carried out on the historic building stock in the town Visby in Sweden, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. When applying the method for categorisation on the buildings built before 1945 in Visby the results show that 70 % of the buildings’ volume is represented by 87 % of the buildings. The study shows that it is possible to generalise some aspects even in a relatively richly nuanced building stock by letting the basic characteristics constitute the first common denominators in a categorisation.

    The result of the categorisation facilitates the identification of representative typical buildings that can be used for energy modelling. The six groups of typical buildings identified in Visby are presented at the end of the article.

    This study has been conducted within the multi-disciplinary projects Potential and policies for energy efficiency in Swedish buildings built before 1945, financed by the Swedish Energy Agency and Energy Efficiency for EU Historic Districts, funded by the European Commission under its Seventh Framework Programme.

  • 10.
    Danielsson, Roxanne
    Gotland University, School of the Humanities and Social Science.
    Kristallkronan till Stora Hotellet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the Examination Project in a Bachelor of Industrial Design. The project has been created at the University of Gotland and in collaboration with a company named Stylt Trampoli in Gothenburg.

    The goal of the project has been to create a cut-glass chandelier to Stora Hotellet in Umeå. The foundation has been to reflect the inertialdesign concept of Stora Hotellet and its keywords.

    The project has included the phases of the design process. The process contains research of facts, analyses and explanations regarding the creative work and development.

    The process and the outcome are presented in words and images in the report. The result is a 12.5 meter long cut-glass chandelier containing of large crystals made of acrylic, hanging in hemp ropes from the roof on the 4thfloor. Three light pipes of LED-lights are placed within the cut-glass chandelier to spread the light from the inside and out. The result meets the demands which have been the foundation of the project.

  • 11.
    Elmén Berg, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Medeltidskyrkornas modernisering: Den svenska restaureringsdiskursen och kyrkliga moderniseringsprocessen ca 1925-1975 med exempel från Övre Norrland2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Landets medeltidskyrkor har under tidernas gång omprövats, omvärderats och omgestaltats. Under 1900-talet fanns både ekonomiska förutsättningar och moderniseringsvilja. Särskilt under efterkrigstiden undergick många kyrkor restaureringar som syftade till att modernisera dem.

    Medeltidskyrkornas modernisering analyserar 1900-talets kyrkorestaureringar främst ur ett arkitekturhistoriskt perspektiv. Modernitet och förändringar i samhälle och kyrkoliv bildar bakgrund till de faktiska åtgärder av antikvarisk eller nyskapande art som dessa kyrkobyggnader blev föremål för. Särskilda fallstudier ägnas de åtta stenkyrkor i Luleå stift som räknar sitt ursprung till senmedeltiden.

    I dagens situation ställs allt högre krav på kyrkobyggnadernas anpassning till en mer flexibel användning med nya inslag. Det krävs därför att både den kyrkliga och den antikvariska praktiken kontinuerligt tar ställning till dessa miljöer samt till olika tiders gestaltningar och inredningar. Mot den bak­grunden är det angeläget att kunskapen omkring dem ökar.

  • 12.
    Eriksdotter, Gunhild
    et al.
    Freelance researcher.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Indoor climate and thermal comfort from a long-term perspective: Burmeister House in Visby, Sweden c. 1650-19002015In: Home Cultures, ISSN 1740-6315, E-ISSN 1751-7427, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 29-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how a Swedish wooden burgher house, the mid-1660s Burmeister House, was adapted over the course of 250 years to satisfy ever-changing expectations of thermal comfort. The investigation is based on the climatic conditions of the Nordic Region, where the issue of thermal comfort is crucial when attempting to understand the development of indoor environments. The article explores how spatiality, heating, and interior decor and furnishing operated and affected the inhabitants’ experiences of indoor climate and thermal comfort. The results show that Burmeister House followed a general pattern of improvement, especially with regard to innovations in heating. Burmeister House ceased to be a private residence when it was restored and turned into a historic house museum. Rather than revealing its history, restorations carried out in the twentieth century worked to conceal or remove most of the building’s more recent history. As a consequence, the house has become more difficult to use since it can no longer be efficiently heated. 

  • 13.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humlab.
    Misharina, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humlab.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Humlab.
    Beyond humanities qua digital: Spatial and material development for digital research infrastructures2018In: Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, ISSN 2055-7671, E-ISSN 2055-768X, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 264-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities around the world have increasingly turned to digital infrastructures as a way to revamp the arts and humanities. This article contributes a fresh understanding by examining the material development of HumlabX, a research laboratory for digital humanities at Umeå University, Sweden. Specifically, we approach the empirical case as a timeline of research funding, projects, events, and deliverables to examine how the research laboratory as an organizational and material space developed and evolved in relation to new technology investments. Based on our analysis, we argue that while digital research infrastructures can, indeed, stimulate innovation in and around research, aimed to produce new knowledge, digital technologies carry social and material implications that affect organizational processes. We show that while knowledge production processes at HumlabX were highly influenced by the infrastructural legacy of the past, they indeed directed scholars toward innovation. By discussing these implications in detail, we move beyond the debate of humanities qua digital, and demonstrate the need for scholars of digital humanities to engage in the development of policies for digital research infrastructures. Using a Swedish case study, we argue that research laboratories for the digital humanities must be scrutinized and should be fully exposed as socio-material organizations that develop, and should develop, over time. In particular, we stress the need to ensure that digital humanities laboratories are sustainable and open for redevelopment.

  • 14.
    Geijer, Mia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Värmen i arkiven: Om komfortinstallationer i Gamla riksarkivet i Stockholm och Landsarkivet i Vadstena2013In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, Vol. 32, no 66, p. 49-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Granvik, Madeleine
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences .
    Wlodarczyk, Dorota
    Gdansk Technical University.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    3. Building a sustainable neighbourhood: Kronsberg2003In: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 26-34Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Eleven recently built neighbourhoods applying principles of sustainability in all its aspects – environmental, economic and social – are described with a more detailed description of Kronsberg outside Hannover, Germany. Kronsberg with 15,000 inhabitants and working places for 2,000, consists of 10% single-family homes and 90% multi-storey buildings. Considerable obligations were made in all phases of the project to secure a high quality of life and to use natural resources sparingly.

  • 16. Hansson, Joakim
    Arkitekt Ola Hanssons restaurering av Tyska kyrkan i Helsingfors: Ett försök att förstå hans idéer och bakgrund till dessa2014In: Wiederaufbau 1958, Helsingfors: Bulbus Oy , 2014Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17. Hansson, Joakim
    De två restaureringsspåren vid restaureringen aav Källunge kyrka2011In: Byggnadshyttan på Gotland 2009-2010, Visby: Byggnadshyttan på Gotland , 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18. Hansson, Joakim
    Hilding Ekelunds och Eva Kuhlfelts byggnadshistoriska expeditioner och tidiga kontakter till Sverige1997In: Hilding Ekelund: (1893-1984) Arkitekt / [ed] Timo Tuomi, Helsingfors: Museum of Finnish Architechture , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19. Hansson, Joakim
    Restaureringen av Kaplanen 6 i Visby2003In: Byggnadshyttan på Gotland 2001-2002, Visby: Byggnadshyttan på Gotland , 2003Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20. Hansson, Joakim
    Stockholm: Meetingpoint and source of inspiration2003In: Architechture 1900: Stockholm, Helsinki, Tallinn, Riga, St Petersburg / [ed] Jeremy Howard, Tallin: Museum of Estonian Architechture , 2003Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Hansson, Joakim
    Helsingfors universitet, konstvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Svenska arkitekters verksamhet i Finland 1870-1920: En del av utbildningsutbytet inom det tekniska området mellan Sverige och Finland1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 22. Hansson, Joakim
    Swedish Architects´Activity in Finland and thei Influence on Finnish Architechture in about 19002005In: Architechture 1900: In a new light / [ed] Annelie Kurttila, Stockholm: Arkitekturmuseet , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23. Hansson, Joakim
    Visby innerstad: En bebyggelseinventering del I2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 24. Hansson, Joakim
    Visby innerstad: En bebyggelseinventering del II2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Hansson, Joakim
    et al.
    Gotland University.
    Broström, Tor
    Gotland University.
    Ranta, Heikki
    Heating and indoor climate in nine baltic churches2007Book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Hansson, Joakim
    et al.
    Gotland University, Department of Art History.
    Eriksson, Eva
    Ranta, Heikki
    Blomgren, Fredrik
    Arkitekturutbildningen i Sverige: En utbildnings-, personalvärvnings- och instpirationsresurs för de finländska arkitekterna under 1800-talet2005In: Internationellt, nationellt, lokalt: Reflektioner över arkitekturen kring sekelskiftet 1900 i Östersjöområdet / [ed] Heikki Ranta, Visby: Länsstyrelsen på Gotland , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Hansson, Joakim
    et al.
    Gotland University, Department of Art History.
    Eriksson, Eva
    Ranta, Heikki
    Blomgren, Fredrik
    Finländsk arkitektur under autonomin: I spänningsfältet mellan S:t Petersburg och Stockholm under 1800-talet2005In: Internationellt, nationellt, lokalt: Reflektioner över arkitekturen kring sekelkiftet 1900 i Östersjöområdet / [ed] Heikki Ranta, Visby: Länsstyrelsen på Gotland , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28. Hansson, Joakim
    et al.
    Ranta, Heikki
    Contemporary problems in cultural heritage2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 29. Hansson, Joakim
    et al.
    Ranta, Heikki
    Indoor climate in historical buildings2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 30. Hansson, Joakim
    et al.
    Ranta, Heikki
    Inventories and Heritage Management2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 31. Hansson, Joakim
    et al.
    Ranta, Heikki
    Lindroos, Alf
    Ringbom, Åsa
    Heinemeier, Jan
    Brock, Fiona
    Hodgins, Gregory
    Om datering av Gotländska medeltida kyrkor2007In: Hikuin 32, Höjbjerg: Hikuin , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32. Heinemann, Thomas
    Universitetshuset i Uppsala 1887-1987: en jubileumsbok1987Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Hertting, Nils
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Franzén, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Thörn, Catharina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Essä: Stad till salu2017In: Arkitektur: byggnad, interiör, plan, landskap, ISSN 0004-2021, Vol. 2, p. 66-71Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Heymowski, Andreas
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Den mäktiga Rikssalen2011In: Kulturvärden, ISSN 1654-8582, no 1, p. 30-36Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Heymowski, Andreas
    et al.
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Günther, Lotta
    National Property Board of Sweden.
    Myrin, Malin
    Tyréns AB.
    Andersson, Elias
    HOS Arkitekter AB.
    Hägnefelt, Ulf
    Norconsult AB.
    Valanis, A
    Norconsult AB.
    Introduction to the Architectural Conservation Project for the Facades of the Royalty Palace of Stockholm2011In: XXIIIrd International CIPA Symposium, Prague, Czech Republic, September 12 - 16, 2011 / [ed] Karel Pavelka, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s foremost architectural monument, the Royal Palace of Stockholm, is now officially the object of a profoundly large architectural heritage conservation project. Such projects are always challenging on many levels, not only because monuments are unique structures, but also because all actions and interventions need to be well justified, optimal, and ultimately acceptable to the public. The project for the conservation of the Royal Palace is estimated to last for the next 22 years and it includes a set of sub-programs, one of which is the “Long-term maintenance of the facades”. Focusing on the sub-program for the long-term maintenance of the facades, the authors discuss aspects related to the research that was carried out in order to investigate the structure, to suggest and justify required interventions. Additionally, methods applied to geometrically document the structure are presented here along with reflections on the information management system that will be employed so as to accommodate the documentation needs and information flow for this massive project. The entire case study is presented in conjunction to the ICOMOS “Recommendations for the analysis, conservation and structural restoration of architectural heritage” in an effort to highlight important aspects of the investigation and the decision making process.

  • 36.
    Hofling, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Visby vallgravar: del av ett rikt kulturarv eller bara en kuliss?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The cultural heritage management’s handling of the green environments has long been inadequate, which Visby moats are exemplifying. The park area that extends along the city wall from north to south today provide a rather natural impression de­spite in the late 1800s undergoing extensive plantings and thus are highly deliberately formed. This has resulted in a poor under­standing of why the moats look like they do. When Visby was included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995 the moats were pointed out as a buffer zone. In a contrasting way the municipal authorities have, in recent years, been developing plans for exploitation within and close to the moat area.

    The research has, with Visby as an example, aimed to show how green cultural environments might be interpreted in different ways when we choose to ascribe to them specific layers of time and thus ignore the others. Secondly, the aim has been to look into how the buffer zone concept is applied in municipal planning and in this way raise the case to an international perspective.

    The research has shown that the work of Planteringsgillet largely shaped today's moat area. Meanwhile, mismanagement through history along with recent years' “Middle Ageifying" have led to a focus directed away from recent history and rather concentrated on the Middle Ages. In relation to the medieval world heritage city and the city walls the moats have come more to represent a coulisse than a part of cultural heritage. The buffer zone concept has shown to face problems in the implementation in national law which is one of the reasons for a passive approach to the area concerning ​​the World Heritage issue. Paradoxical contradictions in the form of exploitation plans and a desire to expand and clarify the World Heritage Site is one of the results that have demonstrated a need to increase knowledge and a clearer way to secure the viability of the world heritage and the moats.

  • 37.
    Jansson, Emelie
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Kakelugnar: en studie av Emil Petterssons kakelugnsmatriser2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent centuries the Swedish Tiled Stove has varied in its design with an aesthetic evolutionary history that has not only followed the architectural and artistic ideals but also the taste in stove design. The heat source has varied depending on the regional traditions and where it was located within the country, but the inside of the construction was of a similar five channel system. The purpose of this paper is to study and compare the design of tile matrices made by Emil Petterson with other Swedish stoves. 

    The following questions will be addressed:

    What characterized the production of a small scale tile stove workroom during the years 1900-50? Which main styles can be described as Emil Pettersson’s ideal while producing his matrices? And finally, is it possible to study the tile stove matrices as objects of historical and cultural significance, and what difficult methodological issues might occur in the doing of it? 

    To answer these questions I will present the results of the documentation of Pettersson’s tile matrices with detailed historical categorizations and schedules. The conclusion shows that Pettersson as a stove builder and -producer was characterized by eclectic ideals and a design shape based on more liberal interpretations of contemporary trends. The studying of tile stove matrices showed that, despite its difficulties regarding the inverted shapes, it is a barer of great historical and cultural value and that it plays a key part in the historical context of tile stove ovens.

  • 38.
    Jauhiainen, Jussi
    University of Helsinki.
    5. Development of an old wooden house residential district: Supilinn in central Tartu2003In: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 44-50Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Supilinn is a declined wooden house residential district in central Tartu, where no renovation has occurred for decades, and many inhabitants lack water, sewage, flush toilets and hot water. Supilinn exemplifies many similar districts in the Baltic states, with considerable cultural values and a wide gap between actual and potential land values. The new master plan attempts to improve the economic performance of Supilinn and to foster gentrification, by increasing the population by one third in a decade, improving services, replacing currently rundown buildings, building new streets and expanding the use of the riverside area, without losing the very particular milieau.

  • 39.
    Jauhiainen, Jussi
    University of Helsinki.
    6. Development of a former military district: Jaamamõisa at the former Raadi air base in Tartu2003In: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 51-56Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The district of Jaamamõisa, a former housing area for Soviet military forces at Raadi military air base, has an aging and decreasing population (from about 4,000 to 3,000) due to the emigration from Estonia in the early 1990s, especially by people of ethnic russian origin. In the neighbourhood, 29% of the population were ethnic estonians. Jaamamõisa's development potential is discussed in terms of its advantageous location in the town structure. But Jaamamõisa may also turn into a ghetto and specific attention should be paid to the particular socio-ethnic composition of the area.

  • 40.
    Jauhiainen, Jussi
    University of Helsinki.
    7. Development of an industrial district: Kekk in Tartu2003In: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 57-59Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial development has suffered particularly from the change to a market economy system. The article describes the industrial area of Kekk in Tartu which was important for the construction industry. The current re-use is seen as a simple example of practical sustainability, where the absense of a strong municipal intervention and initiative from private owners are the important factors. Former industrial buildings may be the only possible facilities for enterprises that do not necessarily need or cannot invest in their surrounding environment.

  • 41.
    Karlsmo, Emilie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Löfgren, Eva
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Conservat, POB 100 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Historiography of Swedish Building Types2016In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 85, no 1, p. 8-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates Swedish building type research as a methodological genre formed by the idea that architectural history is a history of construction tasks and functions. Departing from an analysis of 50 studies carried out mainly by art historians and ethnologists, we delineate the formation of a genre, its characteristics and changes over time. As the concept of building type can refer either to form or to function, we argue that it is necessary to pinpoint the scope of building type studies. Otherwise, when speaking of activity types as if they were synonymous with form types, there has been a tendency to omit from architectural history those buildings that were not planned to serve the function they eventually came to hold. The starting place of the methodology is the early twentieth-century mapping activities of Nordiska museet, initially covering peasant settlements and manors. Following this era, the Svensk stad project introduced function as the central point of departure for built environment studies. The third stage is the development of a professional conservation practice, which, in the 1960's, brought critique of the modernist post-war rebuilding programmes and emphasised sustainability. Finally, most building type studies have abandoned their buildings at the moment when they are ready for use, or even earlier. We suggest that, to comprehend a building's historical function and significance, we need to include reconstructions and modifications, both blueprints and usage. Such research may open doors to new possibilities, which will require a deepening of theoretical outsets and methodologies.

  • 42.
    Keshavarz, Mahmoud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Sketch for a Theory of Design Politics2019In: Para-Platforms: On the Spatial Politics of Right-Wing Populism / [ed] Markus Miessen & Zoë Ritts, Berlin: Sternberg Press, 2019, p. 12-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Laserna, Max
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Visbys färger: exteriör färgsättning av bostadshus i Visby innerstad 1860–19302013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this research is to survey the general colour scheme for private dwellings inVisby, built 1860–1930. During this period the visual appearance of the town of Visby changedsubstantially, since the increased local production of lime led to the plastering of many woodenbuildings. Which colour schemes were chosen for the different building types of the historic centreof Visby, and which colours came to dominate the time period? The methods used for answeringthese questions have partly been field studies on site and sampling of selected buildings, andpartly critical reading and observation of iconographic material (paintings, drawings, aquarelles,postcards and photographs). The field study includes about 45 objects, in which a number ofsamples are taken from each building element (mouldings, plaster, windows and doors). Thesamples were first analysed ocularly as cross sections. A selection of cross sections have then beenanalysed by means of scanning electron microscopy analysis. The results show a unitary colourscheme, based on earth pigment and carbon black. The dwellings erected during the 19th centuryin Visby, represent a significant part of its building stock, and the lack of scientifically groundedresearches makes implementation of adequate maintenance difficult. It also appears that a largenumber of these dwellings have recently been (or are soon to be) restored, causing a serious lossof primary source of information, as well as affecting town and streetscape with new colourings.

  • 44.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Behandlingen av kulturminnen under första världskriget: dokumentation, debatt, propaganda2016In: Gutilandorum Universitas Scholarium et Magistrorum: Tidskrift för Högskolan på Gotlands historiska förening / [ed] Gunilla Jonsson & Torsten Daun, Visby: Historiska föreningen på Gotland. Alumnerna , 2016, p. 9-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Treatment of Historical Monuments in World War I: Documentation, Debate, Propaganda

    Mattias Legnér

     

    The purpose of this article is to investigate why historical monuments such as churches, monasteries, libraries and museums were attacked and damaged in World War I. These kinds of buildings were targeted by both sides throughout the war despite their lack of strategic importance for the war, and despite a relative consensus among the European countries that cultural institutions should be protected from the ravages of war. Several blatant attacks on churches, museums and libraries were publicly criticised and debated both during the war and after its end. The theoretical basis of our days' conventions on the protection of cultural heritage developed during the war and later in the twentieth century. The article begins by explaining the development of laws on war in the later part of the nineteenth century. A review of previous interpretations and views on the destruction of cultural heritage in World War I follows. It becomes apparent that the view of older research, that historical monuments were targeted to a very limited extent needs to be modified. Empirical research of recent years has shown that destruction was more widespread and intentional than previously recognized. The article then goes on to treat the beginnings of the war and the German and Austrian invasion of Belgium and France. The infamous German attacks on the towns of Leuven and Rheims are analysed. These attacks were followed by vicious propaganda in France and the United Kingdom, and by counter-propaganda produced in Germany. War on the eastern front was more brutal than fighting in Belgium and France, with looting of churches and the persecution of ethnic minority groups conducted primarily by Russian troops. Cultural heritage was targeted for several reasons throughout the war on both fronts: to weaken the moral of the enemy, to take revenge by destroying visible traces of enemy culture, but also to loot for economic purposes. Even in the Versailles peace treaty national heritage became an asset as Germany had to surrender valuable works of art to Belgium.

  • 45.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Bruk och bevarande av kyrkorummet: frågan om inomhusklimatet i svenska kyrkor, ca 1870–19902014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bruk och bevarande av kyrkorummet: frågan om inomhusklimatet i svenska kyrkor, ca 1870–1990

     

    Mattias Legnér, professor i kulturvård, Konstvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala Universitet Campus Gotland

     

     

    Mot bakgrund av de senare årens diskussion om hur samhällets energianvändning kan bli mer effektiv och hur sambanden mellan hälsa och inomhusmiljö ser ut, är det intressant att reflektera över hur den historiska utvecklingen har sett. Föredraget fokuserar hur Svenska kyrkan, kulturvårdande myndigheter, arkitekter och ingenjörer har sett på möjligheterna att påverka inomhusklimatet i kyrkobyggnaderna sedan 1800-talet. Det bygger på forskning som har finansierats genom Vetenskapsrådets rambidrag för kulturforskning under perioden 2010–2014.

     

    Inomhusklimatet har formats av utomhusklimatet, byggnadens form och material, hur byggnaden brukas och vad den innehåller, arkitekternas och ingenjörernas idéer om vad som var ett lämpligt klimat och hur det skulle uppnås i förhållande till tillgänglig teknik. Även krav och förväntningar från andra aktörer som skulle använda byggnaden eller hade synpunkter på dess utformning och bevarandet av kulturhistoriska värden. Flera av dessa variabler förändrats över tid. Det gäller såväl uppfattningen om vad som är ett lämpligt klimat som vad som representerar kulturhistoriska värden. Dessa förändringar har i sin tur påverkat aktörernas agerande.

     

    Trots det kyliga klimatet i Norden byggdes kyrkor under många hundra år inte för att kunna värmas upp. Ett stycke in på 1800-talet började domkapitlen uppmana församlingar att sätta in eldstad i sakristian, men många församlingar var tveksamma till de kostnader som uppvärmning medförde. Sedan dess har värmeanläggningar påverkat inte bara komforten utan även den visuella upplevelsen av kyrkorummet och bevarandet av såväl byggnad som föremål. De kostnader som värmen medfört både i form av installationer och drift har varit en mycket viktig faktor som påverkat aktörernas beslut. Långt före 1970-talet med den första globala energikrisen reflekterade många församlingar över hur deras kyrka kunde värmas på mer effektiva sätt.

     

    Föredraget behandlar också hur frågorna om uppvärmning blev mer komplexa från 1960-talet. Kyrkorna värmdes allt mer och det började uppmärksammas hur äldre inventarier påverkades negativt. Från myndighetshåll fanns det inte så mycket man kunde göra förutom att påverka installationen av värmesystem. Med tiden började kulturhistoriska värden pekas ut på ett tydligare sätt, men det kan också ha skärpt motsättningen mellan komfortbehov och bevarande. Avslutningsvis tas upp vad vi idag kan lära av de strukturella problem som funnits i utformning, installation och användning av värmesystemen.

  • 46.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    (In)Securing the past: On the connections between heritage interventions and security practices2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Kakelugnar värmde under lilla istiden2013In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    1600-talsslottet i Skokloster kom snart att kompletteras med kakelugnar – möjligen för att värma Karl XI som väntades på besök. Redan på 1700- talet krävde tjänarna på Gripsholms slott att de alla skulle få glädje av den värmande nymodigheten.

  • 48.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History, Conservation.
    Kulturarvsbruk i väpnade konflikter2016In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 4, p. 658-672Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    Kyrkan - "en maskin att sitta i": införandet av komfortteknik i Gotlands kyrkor under 1900-talets första hälft2012In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, no 63, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with heating installations put into medieval Gotland churches from the 1920s to the early 1950s. Focus is on the work of the restorer Erik Johan Fant (1889–1954) who was the most frequently engaged restorer of churches in Sweden from c. 1925 to 1950. His work has not been the subject of much academic research. The essay covers how Fant and authorities involved in the restorations perceived the aesthetical and practical issues of installing modern heating systems in medieval churches. It also places Fant’s work in the wider context of heating for comfort and conservation purposes in churches. Our knowledge of heating systems used in churches in the past is very limited: on what grounds was a certain system chosen, how was it designed, and what consequences did it have for the conservation of the church? From having been solely an issue of increased comfort and pleasing design, the development of heating technology increasingly involved the interests of conservation. In the first half of the 20th century, central or electric heating was introduced in many stone churches, but often without any analysis of the risks involved. Still in the 1920s, the typical Gotland church was heated with just one or two ovens. They were still not electrified. Two problems especially were connected to overheating before the 1950s: first the soiling of walls and vaults, and second the desiccation of organic materials, particularly painted wooden objects. Central heating, especially in the form of low pressure steam which was common before 1945, certainly made these damages worse. Despite these issues, almost all of the 2,700 churches in Sweden had some kind of heating installed by the mid-1950s, and the reason was that heating primarily was perceived by the Swedish Church as a matter of comfort. Shortly after the end of the period in question, damages caused by heating would attract more attention from the developing conservation field.

  • 50.
    Legnér, Mattias
    Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
    La conversione di una base militare in Svezia: Visborg, Gotland2012In: Territorio : Rivista del Dipartimento di Architectura e Pianificazione - Politecnico di Milano, ISSN 1825-8689, Vol. 62, p. 27-28Article in journal (Other academic)
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