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  • 1.
    Banihani, Rudaina
    et al.
    Univ Toronto, Dept Paediat, Div Dev Paediat, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada.;Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabil Hosp, Child Dev Program, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Baskin, Berivan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Halliday, William
    Univ Toronto, Hosp Sick Children, Dept Paediat Lab Med, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada..
    Kobayashi, Jeff
    Univ Toronto, Hosp Sick Children, Dept Paediat, Div Neurol, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada..
    Kawamura, Anne
    Univ Toronto, Dept Paediat, Div Dev Paediat, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada.;Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabil Hosp, Child Dev Program, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    McAdam, Laura
    Univ Toronto, Dept Paediat, Div Dev Paediat, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada.;Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabil Hosp, Child Dev Program, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Ray, Peter N.
    Univ Toronto, Hosp Sick Children, Dept Paediat Lab Med, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada.;Univ Toronto, Dept Mol Genet, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Yoon, Grace
    Univ Toronto, Hosp Sick Children, Dept Paediat, Div Neurol, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada.;Univ Toronto, Hosp Sick Children, Dept Paediat, Div Clin & Metab Genet, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada..
    A Novel Mutation in DMD (c.10797+5G > A) Causes Becker Muscular Dystrophy Associated with Intellectual Disability2016In: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, ISSN 0196-206X, E-ISSN 1536-7312, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 239-244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Severe intellectual disability has been reported in a subgroup of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy but is not typically associated with Becker muscular dystrophy. Patient: The authors report a 13-year-old boy, with severe intellectual disability (Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children-IV, Full Scale IQ < 0.1 percentile), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and mild muscle weakness. He had elevated serum creatine kinase and dystrophic changes on muscle biopsy. Dystrophin immunohistochemistry revealed decreased staining with the C-terminal and mid-rod antibodies and essentially absent staining of the N-terminal immunostain. Sequencing of muscle mRNA revealed aberrant splicing due to a c.10797+5G > A mutation in DMD. Conclusion: Dystrophinopathy may be associated with predominantly cognitive impairment and neurobehavioral disorder, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unexplained cognitive or psychiatric disturbance in males.

  • 2.
    Mattebo, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
    Tydén, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Häggström-Nordin, Elisabet
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Akademin för Hälsa, Vård och Välfärd, Mälardalens Högskola, Västerås.
    Nilsson, Kent W.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland. Centrum för klinisk forskning, Västmanlands sjukhus, Västerås.
    Larsson, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Pornography and sexual experiences among high school students in Sweden2014In: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, ISSN 0196-206X, E-ISSN 1536-7312, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 179-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives:

    The study investigated the differences between high school boys and girls in: 1) use of pornography, 2) sexual experiences, 3) experience of sexual abuse, and 4) perceptions of sexuality and pornography. It also examined possible predictors of experiencing sexual activities, such as: sex, sociodemographic factors (high school program, household, and ethnic background), pornography consumption, experience of sexual abuse, perception of sexuality, and perception of pornography.

    Method:

    A population-based classroom survey of 16-year-old boys (n = 477) and girls (n = 400) from 53 randomly selected high school classes in two towns in mid-Sweden.

    Results:

    Almost all boys (96%, n = 453) and 54% of the girls (n = 213) had watched pornography. Regardless of sex, pornography consumers had a positive perception of pornography. There were no differences between pornography-consuming boys and girls regarding fantasies and attempted sexual acts inspired by pornography. A higher proportion of girls (15%) than boys (6%) had experienced sexual abuse. Predictors for being sexually experienced (oral sex, intercourse, and anal sex) included: being a girl, attending a vocational high school program, living with separated parents, having experience of sexual abuse, stating that boys and girls are equally interested in sex, and having a positive perception of pornography (Adj R2 = 0.145).

    Conclusion:

    Boys had more experience of and a more positive perception of pornography but there were only a few differences between boys and girls in the pornography-consumer group. Girls were more sexually experienced than boys. A positive perception of pornography predicted being sexually experienced.

  • 3.
    Mattebo, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Tydén, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Häggström-Nordin, Elisabet
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Nilsson, Kent W
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
    Larsson, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Pornography consumption, sexual experiences, lifestyles, and self-rated health among male adolescents in Sweden2013In: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, ISSN 0196-206X, E-ISSN 1536-7312, Vol. 34, no 7, p. 460-468Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE

    To describe patterns of pornography use among high school boys and to investigate differences between frequent, average, and nonfrequent users of pornography with respect to sexual experiences, lifestyles, and self-rated health.

    METHODS

    A population-based classroom survey among 16-year-old boys (n = 477), from 53 randomly selected high school classes in 2 towns in mid-Sweden.

    RESULTS

    Almost all boys, 96% (n = 453), had watched pornography. Frequent users of pornography (everyday) (10%, n = 47) differed from average users (63%, n = 292) and nonfrequent users (27%, n = 126). Frequent users versus average users and nonfrequent users had more sexual experiences, such as one night stands (45, 32, 25%, respectively) and sex with friends more than 10 times (13, 10, 2%). A higher proportion of frequent users spent more than 10 straight hours at the computer several times a week (32, 5, 8%) and reported more relationship problems with peers (38, 22, 21%), truancy at least once a week (11, 6, 5%), obesity (13, 3, 3%), use of oral tobacco (36, 29, 20%), and use of alcohol (77, 70, 52%) versus average and nonfrequent users. One third of frequent users watched more pornography than they actually wanted. There were no differences between the groups regarding physical and psychological self-rated health.

    CONCLUSIONS

    The boys, defined as frequent users of pornography, were more sexually experienced, spent more time at the computer, and reported an unhealthier lifestyle compared with average and nonfrequent users. No differences regarding self-rated health were detected even though obesity was twice as common among frequent users.

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