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  • 1. Arni, Patrick
    et al.
    Lalive, Rafael
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Van Ours, Jan C.
    How effective are unemployment benefit sanctions?: looking beyond unemployment exit2013In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 1153-1178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of benefit sanctions on post-unemployment outcomes such as post-unemployment employment stability and earnings. We use rich register data which allow us to distinguish between a warning that a benefit reduction may take place in the near future and the actual withdrawal of unemployment benefits. Adopting a multivariate mixed proportional hazard approach to address selectivity, we find that warnings do not affect subsequent employment stability but do reduce post-unemployment earnings. Actual benefit reductions lower the quality of post-unemployment jobs both in terms of job duration as well as in terms of earnings.

  • 2.
    Avdic, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. CINCH, Essen, Germany.; Univ Duisburg Essen, Duisburg, Germany..
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. UCLS, Uppsala, Sweden.; IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    Absenteeism, Gender and the Morbidity–Mortality Paradox2017In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 440-462Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women are, on average, more often absent from work for health reasons than men, but live longer. This conflicting pattern suggests that the gender absenteeism gap arises partly from factors unrelated to objective health. An overlooked explanation is that men and women might have different preferences for absenteeism due to different attitudes to, for example, risk. Using detailed administrative data on absenteeism, hospitalizations, and mortality, we evaluate the existence of gender-specific preferences for absenteeism and analyze whether these differences are socially determined. We find robust evidence of gender differences in absenteeism that cannot be explained by poorer objective health among women.

  • 3.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Small Sample Properties of Jackknife IV and LIML Estimators:: Experiments with Weak Instruments1999In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, p. 69-88Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Johansson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    An Examination of the Dynamic Behaviour of Local Governments using GMM Bootstrapping Methods2000In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 401-416Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Farbmacher, Helmut
    et al.
    Max Planck Gesell, Munich Ctr Econ Aging, Munich, Germany;Univ Mannheim, Dept Econ, Mannheim, Germany.
    Guber, Raphael
    Max Planck Gesell, Munich Ctr Econ Aging, Munich, Germany.
    Vikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Increasing the credibility of the twin birth instrument2018In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 457-472Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twin births are an important instrument for the endogenous fertility decision. However, twin births are not exogenous either as dizygotic twinning is correlated with maternal characteristics. Following the medical literature, we assume that monozygotic twins are exogenous, and construct a new instrument, which corrects for the selection although monozygotic twinning is usually unobserved in survey and administrative datasets. Using administrative data from Sweden, we show that the usual twin instrument is related to observed and unobserved determinants of economic outcomes, while our new instrument is not. In our applications we find that the classical twin instrument underestimates the negative effect of fertility on labor income. This finding is in line with the observation that high earners are more likely to delay childbearing and hence have a higher risk to get dizygotic twins.

  • 6.
    Hochguertel, Stefan
    et al.
    Department of Economics, VU University, Amsterdam.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Compensatory inter vivos gifts2009In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 993-1023Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parents' transfer motives are important for understanding, e.g., macroeconomics, income (re)distribution, savings, and public finance. Using data from six biennial waves of the Health and Retirement Study 1992-2002, we estimate censored regression models with nested multilevel error components. First, we interpret our findings that inter vivos transfers from parents to children are gifts, rather than temporary help to overcome liquidity constraints. Second, inter vivos gifts are compensatory in the sense that lifetime poorer children will receive higher transfers than their lifetime richer siblings. Third, inter vivos gifts do not, however, make up the entire difference in lifetime incomes.

  • 7. Johansson, Per
    et al.
    Cameron, C.
    Count data regression using series expansions with applications1997In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 12, p. 203-223Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8. Richardson, Katarina
    et al.
    van den Berg, Gerard J.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Duration dependence versus unobserved heterogeneity in treatment effects: swedish labor market training AND the transition rate to employment2013In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 325-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of a treatment on the hazard rate of a duration outcome may depend on the elapsed time since treatment. In addition, treatment effects may be heterogeneous across agents. The former gives rise to duration dependence of the treatment effect, whereas unobserved heterogeneity gives rise to spurious duration dependence of the observable hazard rate. We develop a model allowing for duration dependence and unobserved heterogeneity in the treatment effect. The model incorporates a Timing of Events model and allows for selectivity on unobservables. We prove identification, exploiting variation in the timing of treatment and outcome. In the application we analyze the effects of the Swedish vocational employment training program on the individual transition rate from unemployment to work. We demonstrate the appropriateness of the approach by studying the enrollment process. The data cover the population and include multiple unemployment spells for many individuals. The results indicate a large, significantly positive effect on exit to work shortly after exiting the program. The effect at the individual level diminishes after some weeks. When taking account of the time spent in the program, the effect on the mean unemployment duration is small.

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