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  • 1.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Edmark, Karin
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    Lundqvist, Heléne
    Institute for International Economic Studies.
    Ethnic diversity and preferences for redistribution2012In: Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, E-ISSN 1537-534X, Vol. 120, no 1, p. 41-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the causal link between the ethnic diversity in a society and its inhabitants' preferences for redistribution. We exploit exogenous variation in immigrant shares stemming from a nationwide program placing refugees in municipalities throughout Sweden during 1985-94 and match data on refugee placement to panel survey data on inhabitants of the receiving municipalities. We find significant, negative effects of increased immigration on the support for redistribution. The effect is especially pronounced among high-income earners. We also establish that estimates from earlier studies failing to identify causal effects are likely to be positively biased (i.e., less negative).

  • 2.
    Gottfries, Nils
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Insiders, Outsiders, and Nominal Wage Contracts1992In: Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, E-ISSN 1537-534X, Vol. 100, no 2, p. 252-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While the consequences of nominal wage contracts have been rather thoroughly analyzed, there is no generally accepted theory of why such contracts prevail. In this paper I argue that the distinction between insiders and outsiders is important for understanding nominal wage contracts. Since most employment fluctuations take the form of fluctuations in hiring, insiders are normally not affected by them. Since prices are primarily determined by costs, demand shocks have small effects on real wages. Thus insiders have little incentive to change to more complicated contracts. With rigid nominal wages, nominal demand shocks have large effects on the employment opportunities of outsiders, but outsiders have little influence on labor contracts.

  • 3.
    Nilsson, J. Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Alcohol Availability, Prenatal Conditions, and Long-Term Economic Outcomes2017In: Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, E-ISSN 1537-534X, Vol. 125, no 4, p. 1149-1207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how a policy that sharply increased alcohol availability during 8.5 months affected the labor productivity of those exposed to it in utero. Compared to the surrounding cohorts, the prenatally exposed children have substantially worse labor market and educational outcomes and lower cognitive and noncognitive ability. Effects on earnings are found throughout the distribution but are largest below the median. Males are more affected than females, consistent with growing evidence that boys are less resilient to early environmental insults. The long-term effects seem primarily driven by changes in prenatal health rather than changes in the childhood environment.

  • 4.
    Solis, Alex
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Credit Access and College Enrollment2017In: Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0022-3808, E-ISSN 1537-534X, Vol. 125, no 2, p. 562-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Does access to credit explain the gap in schooling attainment between children from richer and poorer families? I present new evidence on this important question based on the causal effects of two college loan programs in Chile that are available to students scoring above a threshold on the national college admission test, enabling a regression discontinuity design. I find that credit access leads to a 100 percent increase in immediate college enrollment and a 50 percent increase in the probability of ever enrolling. Moreover, access to loans effectively eliminates the income gap in enrollment and number of years of college attainment.

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