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  • 1.
    Bask, Miia
    Umeå universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Welfare problems and social exclusion among immigrants in Sweden2005In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 73-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we examine social exclusion among immigrants in Sweden. The groups under scrutiny are native Swedes, first generation Swedes, naturalized Swedes, Nordic citizens and non-Nordic citizens. Specifically, because one goal of the welfare state is to break the connections between different welfare problems, we investigate the associations between welfare problems among different immigrant groups as well as among native Swedes. We find that the accumulation of welfare problems is higher among immigrant groups, but that the correlations between welfare problems are strongest among Swedes. Finally, we analyse social exclusion among immigrants using a logistic regression analysis. Because a regression analysis with explanatory variables such as demographic variables, human capital indicators and socioeconomic class cannot explain the difference between immigrants and native Swedes, it appears that discrimination is a probable explanation.

     

  • 2.
    Grönqvist, Hans
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ethnic enclaves and the attainments of immigrant children2006In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 369-382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although several recent studies have provided important insights into how ethnic enclaves affect immigrants' socioeconomic outcomes, few have explored this question from the point of view of immigrant children. This paper contributes to the existing literature by investigating the long-term consequences of growing up in an enclave for immigrants' educational attainments and earnings. The main finding is that the size of the enclave negatively affects the probability of graduating from higher education. I do not, however, find any evidence that enclaves affect earnings.

  • 3.
    Thomsen, Jens-Peter
    et al.
    SFI - Det Nationale Forskningscenter for Velfærd.
    Bertilsson, Emil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Dalberg, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hedman, Juha
    Turun yliopisto.
    Helland, Håvard
    Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus.
    Higher Education Participation in the Nordic Countries 1985–2010: A Comparative Perspective2017In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 98-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine changes in higher education (HE) participation in the four major Nordic countries—Denmark, Norway, Finland, and Sweden—from 1985 to 2010, a period characterized by widespread expansion of HE. We set up a methodological framework suitable for making country comparisons, and we profit from having unique administrative data in all four countries. We ask (i) whether HE expansion in the Nordic countries has been followed by a similar closing of the social gap in HE participation, and (ii) whether privileged groups have been able to maintain their advantage in HE participation. The results did not reveal similar trends in decrease in HE inequality despite expansion in all four countries. While Finland and Norway display the most substantial drop in overall HE inequality, the decrease in Denmark is more modest; Sweden shows no signs of decreasing inequality as HE expands. In short, expansion does not seem to be a universal remedy for narrowing the social gap in HE participation in the Nordic countries. Examining upper tertiary education by field of study, we find great disparities in selectivity, but we also find that the vast majority of fields have moved towards more equalization. However, prestigious professional university programmes such as law and medicine continue to favour more socially privileged children, albeit the social gap is narrowed substantially in Finland and Norway. These two countries also display the most substantial decrease in overall HE inequality.

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