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  • 1.
    Batra, Gorav
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Friberg, Leif
    Erlinge, David
    James, Stefan K
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Jernberg, Tomas
    Svennblad, Bodil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Wallentin, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Oldgren, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Antithrombotic therapy after myocardial infarction in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention2018In: European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, ISSN 2055-6837, E-ISSN 2055-6845, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 36-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Optimal antithrombotic therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and atrial fibrillation is uncertain. In this study, we compared antithrombotic regimes with regard to a composite cardiovascular outcome of all-cause mortality, MI or ischaemic stroke, and major bleeds.

    Methods and results: Patients between October 2005 and December 2012 were identified in Swedish registries, n = 7116. Landmark 0-90 and 91-365 days of outcome were evaluated with Cox-regressions, with dual antiplatelet therapy as reference. At discharge, 16.2% received triple therapy (aspirin, clopidogrel, and warfarin), 1.9% aspirin plus warfarin, 7.3% clopidogrel plus warfarin, and 60.8% dual antiplatelets. For cardiovascular outcome, adjusted hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval (HR) for triple therapy was 0.86 (0.70-1.07) for 0-90 days and 0.78 (0.58-1.05) for 91-365 days. A HR of 2.16 (1.48-3.13) and 1.61 (0.98-2.66) during 0-90 and 91-365 days, respectively, was observed for major bleeds. For aspirin plus warfarin, HR 0.82 (0.54-1.26) and 0.62 (0.48-0.79) was observed for cardiovascular outcome and 1.30 (0.60-2.85) and 1.01 (0.63-1.62) for major bleeds during 0-90 and 91-365 days, respectively. For clopidogrel plus warfarin, HR of 0.90 (0.68-1.19) and 0.68 (0.49-0.95) was observed for cardiovascular outcome and 1.28 (0.71-2.32) and 1.08 (0.57-2.04) for major bleeds during 0-90 and 91-365 days, respectively.

    Conclusion: Compared to dual antiplatelets, aspirin or clopidogrel plus warfarin therapy was associated with similar 0-90 days and lower 91-365 days of risk of the cardiovascular outcome, without higher risk of major bleeds. Triple therapy was associated with non-significant lower risk of cardiovascular outcome and higher risk of major bleeds.

  • 2.
    Goto, Shinya
    et al.
    Tokai Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med Cardiol, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 2591193, Japan..
    Merrill, Peter
    Duke Hlth, Duke Clin Res Inst, Dept Stat, 2400 Pratt St, Durham, NC 27705 USA..
    Wallentin, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Wojdyla, Daniel M.
    Duke Hlth, Duke Clin Res Inst, Dept Stat, 2400 Pratt St, Durham, NC 27705 USA..
    Hanna, Michael
    Bristol Myers Squibb, 3551 Lawrenceville Princeton, Lawrence Township, NJ 08648 USA..
    Avezum, Alvaro
    Dante Pazzanese, Inst Cardiol, Res Div, Ave Dante Pazzanese 500, BR-04012909 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil..
    Easton, J. Donald
    Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Neurol, Box 0663,675 Nelson Rising Lane,412, San Francisco, CA 94158 USA..
    Harjola, Veli-Pekka
    Univ Helsinki, Cent Hosp, Dept Med, Div Emergency Care, POB 340, Helsinki 00029, Hus, Finland..
    Huber, Kurt
    Med Univ Vienna, Wilhelminenspital, Dept Cardiol, Spitalgasse 23, A-1090 Vienna, Austria..
    Lewis, Basil S.
    Technion, Ruth & Bruce Rappaport Sch Med, Lady Davis Carmel Med Ctr, Dept Cardiol, Mikhal St 7, IL-3436212 Haifa, Israel..
    Parkhomenko, Alexander
    Inst Cardiol, Dept Cardiol, Narodnoho Opolchennya St 5, UA-02000 Kiev, Ukraine..
    Zhu, Jun
    Fuwai Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Granger, Christopher B.
    Duke Hlth, Duke Clin Res Inst, Dept Med, Div Cardiol, 2400 Pratt St, Durham, NC 27705 USA..
    Lopes, Renato D.
    Duke Hlth, Duke Clin Res Inst, 2400 Pratt St, Durham, NC 27705 USA..
    Alexander, John H.
    Duke Hlth, Duke Clin Res Inst, Dept Med, Div Cardiol, 2400 Pratt St, Durham, NC 27705 USA..
    Antithrombotic therapy use and clinical outcomes following thrombo-embolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from ARISTOTLE2018In: European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, ISSN 2055-6837, E-ISSN 2055-6845, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 75-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims We investigated baseline characteristics, antithrombotic use, and clinical outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a thrombo-embolic event in the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) study to better inform the care of these high-risk patients. Method and results Thrombo-embolic events were defined as stroke (ischaemic or unknown cause) or systemic embolism (SE). Clinical outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. All-cause mortality and International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) major bleeding after events were analysed using a Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent covariates. Of 18 201 patients in ARISTOTLE, 365 experienced a thrombo-embolic event [337 strokes (ischaemic or unknown cause), 28 SE]; 46 (12.6%) of which were fatal. In the 30 days before and after a thrombo-embolic event, 11% and 37% of patients, respectively, were not taking an oral anticoagulant. During follow-up (median 1.8 years), 22 patients (7.1%/year) had a recurrent stroke, 97 (30.1%/year) died, and 10 (6.7%/year) had major bleeding. Compared with patients without a thrombo-embolic event, the short-and long-term adjusted hazards of death in patients with a thrombo-embolic event were high [<= 30 days: hazard ratio (HR) 54.3%, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 41.4-71.3; >30 days: HR 3.5, 95% CI 2.5-4.8; both P<0.001]. The adjusted hazards of major bleeding were also high short-term (HR 10.37, 95% CI 3.87-27.78; P<0.001) but not long-term (HR 1.7, 95% CI: 0.77-3.88; P=0.18). Conclusions Thrombo-embolic events were rare but associated with high short-and long-term morbidity and mortality. Substantial numbers of patients are not receiving oral anticoagulattherapy before and, despite this risk, after a first thrombo-embolic event.

  • 3.
    Grimfjärd, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Vasteras Hosp, Dept Cardiol, S-72189 Vasteras, Sweden.
    Lagerqvist, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Erlinge, David
    Lund Univ, Dept Cardiol, Clin Sci, Skane Univ Hosp, Box 117,Block EA, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Varenhorst, Christoph
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Pfizer AB Sverige, Vetenskapsvagen 10, S-19138 Sollentuna, Sweden.
    James, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Clinical use of cangrelor: nationwide experience from the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR)2019In: European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, ISSN 2055-6837, E-ISSN 2055-6845, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 151-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims This nationwide study aimed to analyse the first 2 years of routine clinical use of cangrelor in all Swedish patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results This observational Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR) study identified 915 cangrelor-treated patients. As 899 were ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)-patients undergoing primary PCI, we decided to exclude all non-STEMI patients (n=16) from the following analysis. We then identified all primary PCI patients, January 2016 to January 2018 (n=10816). Excluding hospitals without cangrelor use, tailoring time frames from first cangrelor use per hospital, patients treated with cangrelor (n=899) were compared with those without cangrelor treatment (n=4614). A separate analysis was performed for cardiac arrest STEMI patients (n=273). Cangrelor-use in primary PCI varied greatly between hospitals (4-36%, mean 16%). At variance with randomized trials, cangrelor was used nearly exclusively in STEMI, often with cardiac arrest (19%). Cangrelor was combined with ticagrelor in two-thirds of patients, among which >50% was prehospital. Cangrelor was used more frequently in high-risk patients: left main PCI, thrombus aspiration, and cardiac arrest. Despite cangrelor being used in more high-risk patients, crude definite stent thrombosis rates at 30days were low and similar in cangrelor (0.7%) and non-cangrelor treated patients (0.8%). Conclusion Cangrelor was used nearly exclusively in primary PCI STEMI patients, predominantly with ticagrelor. Despite being used in very high-risk patients, often with cardiac arrest, cangrelor treatment was associated with low stent thrombosis rates.

  • 4.
    Held, Claes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Should we consider early de-escalation of maintenance dose of antiplatelet therapy post-ACS?2019In: European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, ISSN 2055-6837, E-ISSN 2055-6845, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 149-150Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    James, Stefan K
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Importance of post-approval real-word evidence2018In: European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, ISSN 2055-6837, E-ISSN 2055-6845, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other academic)
1 - 5 of 5
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