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  • 1.
    Banerjee, Amitava
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Araujo, Rafael Barros
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Sjödin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Appl Mat Phys, Dept Mat, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden;Royal Inst Technol KTH, Appl Mat Phys, Dept Engn, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Identifying the tuning key of disproportionation redox reaction in terephthalate: A Li-based anode for sustainable organic batteries2018In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 47, p. 301-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ever-increasing consumption of energy storage devices has pushed the scientific community to realize strategies toward organic electrodes with superior properties. This is owed to advantages such as economic viability and eco-friendliness. In this context, the family of conjugated dicarboxylates has emerged as an interesting candidate for the application as negative electrodes in advanced Li-ion batteries due to the revealed thermal stability, rate capability, high capacity and high cyclability. This work aims to rationalize the effects of small molecular modifications on the electrochemical properties of the terephthalate anode by means of first principles calculations. The crystal structure prediction of the investigated host compounds dilithium terephthalate (Li2TP) and diethyl terephthalate (Et2Li0TP) together with their crystal modification upon battery cycling enable us to calculate the potential profile of these materials. Distinct underlying mechanisms of the redox reactions were obtained where Li2TP comes with a disproportionation reaction while Et2Li0TP displays sequential redox reactions. This effect proved to be strongly correlated to the Li coordination number evolution upon the Li insertion into the host structures. Finally, the calculations of sublimation enthalpy inferred that polymerization techniques could easily be employed in Et2Li0TP as compared to Li2TP. Similar results are observed with methyl, propyl, and vinyl capped groups. That could be a strategy to enhance the properties of this compound placing it into the gallery of the new anode materials for state of art Li-batteries.

  • 2.
    Banerjee, Debashree
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics. CSIR, CEERI, Pilani 333031, Rajasthan, India..
    Vallin, Örjan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Samani, Kabir Majid
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Microtechnol & Nanosci, Elect Mat Syst Lab, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Majee, Subimal
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics. CSIR, CEERI, Pilani 333031, Rajasthan, India..
    Zhang, Shi-Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Liu, Johan
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Microtechnol & Nanosci, Elect Mat Syst Lab, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Shanghai Univ, SMIT Ctr, 20 Chengzhong Rd,Box 808, Shanghai 201800, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Zhi-Bin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Elevated thermoelectric figure of merit of n-type amorphous silicon by efficient electrical doping process2018In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 44, p. 89-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The currently dominant thermoelectric (TE) materials used in low to medium temperature range contain Tellurium that is rare and mild-toxic. Silicon is earth abundant and environment friendly, but it is characterized by a poor TE efficiency with a low figure of merit, ZT. In this work, we report that ZT of amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin films can be enhanced by 7 orders of magnitude, reaching similar to 0.64 +/- 0.13 at room temperature, by means of arsenic ion implantation followed by low-temperature dopant activation. The dopant introduction employed represents a highly controllable doping technique used in standard silicon technology. It is found that the significant enhancement of ZT achieved is primarily due to a significant improvement of electrical conductivity by doping without crystallization so as to maintain the thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient at the level determined by the amorphous state of the silicon films. Our results open up a new route towards enabling a-Si as a prominent TE material for cost-efficient and environment-friendly TE applications at room temperature.

  • 3.
    Imani, Roghayeh
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
    Qiu, Zhen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Younesi, Reza
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
    Pazoki, Meysam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Fernandes, Daniel L. A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Mitev, Pavlin D.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Tian, Haining
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Unravelling in-situ formation of highly active mixed metal oxide CuInO2 nanoparticles during CO2 electroreduction2018In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 49, p. 40-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technologies and catalysts for converting carbon dioxide (CO2) to immobile products are of high interest to minimize greenhouse effects. Copper(I) is a promising catalytic active state of copper but hampered by the inherent instability in comparison to copper(II) or copper(0). Here, we report a stabilization of the catalytic active state of copper(I) by the formation of a mixed metal oxide CuInO2 nanoparticle during the CO2 electroreduction. Our result shows the incorporation of nanoporous Sn:In2O3 interlayer to Cu2O pre-catalyst system lead to the formation of CuInO2 nanoparticles with remarkably higher activity for CO2 electroreduction at lower overpotential in comparison to the conventional Cu nanoparticles derived from sole Cu2O. Operando Raman spectroelectrochemistry is employed to in-situ monitor the process of nanoparticles formation during the electrocatalytic process. The experimental data are collaborated with DFT calculations to provide insight into the electro-formation of the type of Cu-based mixed metal oxide catalyst during the CO2 electroreduction, where a formation mechanism via copper ion diffusion across the substrate is suggested.

  • 4.
    Jain, Sagar M.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry. Swansea Univ Bay Campus, Coll Engn, SPECIFIC, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, W Glam, Wales.
    Phuyal, Dibya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.
    Davies, Matthew L.
    Swansea Univ Bay Campus, Coll Engn, SPECIFIC, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, W Glam, Wales.
    Li, Meng
    Swansea Univ Bay Campus, Coll Engn, SPECIFIC, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, W Glam, Wales;Soochow Univ, Inst Funct Nano & Soft Mat, Suzhou 215000, Peoples R China.
    Philippe, Bertrand
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.
    De Castro, Catherine
    Swansea Univ Bay Campus, Coll Engn, SPECIFIC, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, W Glam, Wales.
    Qiu, Zhen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Kim, Jinhyun
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Chem, Exhibit Rd, London SW7 2AZ, England;Imperial Coll London, Ctr Plast Elect, Exhibit Rd, London SW7 2AZ, England.
    Watson, Trystan
    Swansea Univ Bay Campus, Coll Engn, SPECIFIC, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, W Glam, Wales.
    Tsoi, Wing Chung
    Swansea Univ Bay Campus, Coll Engn, SPECIFIC, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, W Glam, Wales.
    Karis, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.
    Rensmo, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Durrant, James R.
    Swansea Univ Bay Campus, Coll Engn, SPECIFIC, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, W Glam, Wales;Imperial Coll London, Dept Chem, Exhibit Rd, London SW7 2AZ, England;Imperial Coll London, Ctr Plast Elect, Exhibit Rd, London SW7 2AZ, England.
    An effective approach of vapour assisted morphological tailoring for reducing metal defect sites in lead-free, (CH3NH3)(3)Bi2I9 bismuth-based perovskite solar cells for improved performance and long-term stability2018In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 49, p. 614-624Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a controlled, stepwise formation of methylammonium bismuth iodide (CH3NH3)(3)Bi2I9 perovskite films prepared via the vapour assisted solution process (VASP) by exposing BiI3 films to CH3NH3I (MAI) vapours for different reaction times, (CH3NH3)(3)Bi2I9 semiconductor films with tunable optoelectronic properties are obtained. Solar cells prepared on mesoporous TiO2 substrates yielded hysteresis-free efficiencies upto 3.17% with good reproducibility. The good performance is attributed mainly to the homogeneous surface coverage, improved stoichiometry, reduced metallic content in the bulk, and desired optoelectronic properties of the absorbing material. In addition, solar cells prepared using pure BiI3 films without MAI exposure achieved a power conversion efficiency of 0.34%. The non-encapsulated (CH3NH3)(3)Bi2I9 devices were found to be stable for as long as 60 days with only 0.1% drop in efficiency. This controlled formation of (CH3NH3)(3)Bi2I9 perovskite films highlights the benefit of the VASP technique to optimize material stoichiometry, morphology, solar cell performance, and long-term durability.

  • 5.
    Pan, Ruijun
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Sun, Rui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Wang, Zhaohui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Lindh, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Edström, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
    Strömme, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Nyholm, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Sandwich-structured nano/micro fiber-based separators for lithium metal batteries2019In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 55, p. 316-326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the increased need for high-energy/power-density energy storage systems has revived the research on lithium metal batteries (LMBs), the influence of the separator on the performance of LMBs is still generally neglected. In the present study, a sandwich-structured separator (referred to as the CGC separator below) composed of two 2.5µm thick cellulose nanofiber (CNF) surface layers and an intermediate 15µm thick glass microfiber (GMF) and CNF composite layer is described. While the CNF surface layers of the CGC separator feature a homogeneous distribution of nano-sized pores favoring the attainment of a homogeneous current distribution at both electrodes, the intermediate GMF/CNF layer contains macropores facilitating the ionic transport through the separator. The CGC separator exhibited a much better electrolyte wettability and thermal stability compared to a Celgard separator, due to the use of the hydrophilic and thermally stable CNFs and GMFs. It is also shown that the combination of nano-sized and micro-sized fibers used in the CGC separator yields a higher ionic conductivity than that for the commercial separator (1.14 vs. 0.49 mS cm−1). Moreover, the influence of the separator pore structure (e.g. the porosity and pore distribution) on the performance of LMBs is studied for both Li anodes and LiFePO4 composite cathodes. The results demonstrate that the use of separators with high porosities and homogeneous surface pore distributions can improve the performances (e.g. capacities and stabilities) of LMBs considerably, and also highlights the importance of proper separator/electrode interactions. The present approach constitutes a practical engineering strategy for the production of separators with nano/micro fibers and a promising route for the development of LMBs with improved safety and enhanced electrochemical performances.

  • 6.
    Pandey, Kavita
    et al.
    Pandit Deendayal Petr Univ, Sch Technol, Gandhinagar 382007, India..
    Singh, Deobrat
    SV Natl Inst Technol, Dept Appl Phys, Adv Mat Lab, Surat 395007, India..
    Gupta, S. K.
    St Xaviers Coll, Dept Phys, Computat Mat & Nanosci Grp, Ahmadabad 380009, Gujarat, India..
    Yadav, Pankaj
    Pandit Deendayal Petr Univ, Sch Technol, Gandhinagar 382007, India..
    Sonvane, Yogesh
    SV Natl Inst Technol, Dept Appl Phys, Adv Mat Lab, Surat 395007, India..
    Lukacevic, Igor
    Josip Juraj Strossmayer Univ Osijek, Dept Phys, Osijek 31000, Croatia..
    Kumar, Manjeet
    Incheon Natl Univ, Dept Elect Engn, Incheon 406772, South Korea..
    Kumar, Manoj
    Pandit Deendayal Petr Univ, Sch Technol, Gandhinagar 382007, India..
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Improving electron transport in the hybrid perovskite solar cells using CaMnO3-based buffer layer2018In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 45, p. 287-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article, the detailed analyses of interface properties and device performance of inorganic perovskite CaMnO3-based buffer layer hybrid perovskite solar cell have been undertaken. Analyses are based on ab initio simulations and macroscopic modelling. A thorough study of electronic and optical properties and interface charge dynamics revealed that CaMnO3 presents a better candidate for the electron transport material in thin film hole transporting material free hybrid perovskite solar cells with the planar architecture than the most common anatase TiO2. This result is founded on the more appropriate band gap and better band alignment with the hybrid perovskite, leading to the faster charge carrier mobility, improved charge transfer and reduced exciton recombination. The results from theoretical simulations are justified by the solar cell model, which explored the basic cell characteristics and parameters: open circuit voltage, short circuit current, fill factor and efficiency, as the functions of cell performance factors, like defect density, diffusion length, absorber layer thickness and band offset. Our model suggests an unoptimized device with a photo-conversion efficiency of almost 10% for the low defect concentrations under 10(15). With efficiency in the upper range for HTM free perovskite solar cells, we propose that the CaMnO3-based solar cell poses as an improvement upon the up to now most frequently used ones and provides important step toward their commercialisation.

  • 7.
    Park, Byung-wook
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry. Ulsan Natl Inst Sci & Technol, Sch Energy & Chem Engn, UNIST Gil 50, Ulsan, South Korea.
    Zhang, Xiaoliang
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Johansson, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Lab Photomol Sci LSPM, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Seok, Sang Il
    Ulsan Natl Inst Sci & Technol, Sch Energy & Chem Engn, UNIST Gil 50, Ulsan, South Korea.;KRICT, Div Adv Mat, 141 Gajeong Ro, Daejeon 305600, South Korea..
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Analysis of crystalline phases and integration modelling of charge quenching yields in hybrid lead halide perovskite solar cell materials2017In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 40, p. 596-606Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organic inorganic metal halide perovskites (OIHPs) has emerged as promising photovoltaic materials the latest years. Many OIHPs, however, have complex material compositions with mixed cation and halide compositions, phase mixtures, as well as beneficial remains of PbI2 in the final solar cell materials where the complex material composition with dual conduction and valence band states and its effects on the performance remain unclear. Here, we report an approach to analyze the phase mixture, order-disorder phases and the emissive electronic states via a 4-state model of the photoluminescence yield. The approach is applied to scaffold layer perovskite materials with different mixed halide composition. The optical transitions and the full emission spectra are de-convoluted to quantify the band gaps and charge quenching yields in the OIHPs. An approach to extract the excited state coupling parameters within the 4-state model is also briefly given. The integration model is finally utilized in charge quenching yield analysis for the different materials and correlated with solar cell performance from MAPbI(3) and MAPbI(3-x)Cl(x) in mesoporous TiO2 layers where inclusion of Cl improves crystal formation and is compared to alternative approaches using optimized solvents and anti-solvent methods. A band gap grading effect was found to be present for the scaffold MAPbI(3) and increased for MAPbI(3-x)Cl(x), beneficial for decreased hole concentration at the back contact and thus reducing back contact recombination.

  • 8.
    Parlak, Onur
    et al.
    Stanford Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.;Linkoping Univ, IFM, Biosensors & Bioelect Ctr, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Mishra, Yogendra Kumar
    Univ Kiel, Funct Nanomat, Inst Mat Sci, Kaiserstr 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany..
    Grigoriev, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Mecklenburg, Matthias
    Hamburg Univ Technol, Inst Polymers & Composites, Denickestr 15, D-21073 Hamburg, Germany..
    Luo, Wei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Keene, Scott
    Stanford Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Salleo, Alberto
    Stanford Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Schulte, Karl
    Hamburg Univ Technol, Inst Polymers & Composites, Denickestr 15, D-21073 Hamburg, Germany..
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Adelung, Rainer
    Univ Kiel, Funct Nanomat, Inst Mat Sci, Kaiserstr 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany..
    Turner, Anthony P. F.
    Linkoping Univ, IFM, Biosensors & Bioelect Ctr, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Tiwari, Ashutosh
    Linkoping Univ, IFM, Biosensors & Bioelect Ctr, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden.;UCS, Inst Adv Mat, IAAM, Mjardevi Sci Pk,Teknikringen 4A, S-58330 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Hierarchical Aerographite nano-microtubular tetrapodal networks based electrodes as lightweight supercapacitor2017In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 34, p. 570-577Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A great deal of interest has been paid to the application of carbon-based nano-and microstructured materials as electrodes due to their relatively low-cost production, abundance, large surface area, high chemical stability, wide operating temperature range, and ease of processing including many more excellent features. The nanostructured carbon materials usually offer various micro-textures due to their varying degrees of graphitisation, a rich variety in terms of dimensionality as well as morphologies, extremely large surface accessibility and high electrical conductivity, etc. The possibilities of activating them by chemical and physical methods allow these materials to be produced with further higher surface area and controlled distribution of pores from nanoscale upto macroscopic dimensions, which actually play the most crucial role towards construction of the efficient electrode/electrolyte interfaces for capacitive processes in energy storage applications. Development of new carbon materials with extremely high surface areas could exhibit significant potential in this context and motivated by this in present work, we report for the first time the utilization of ultralight and extremely porous nano-microtubular Aerographite tetrapodal network as a functional interface to probe the electrochemical properties for capacitive energy storage. A simple and robust electrode fabrication strategy based on surface functionalized Aerographite with optimum porosity leads to significantly high specific capacitance (640 F/g) with high energy (14.2 Wh/kg) and power densities (9.67x103 W/kg) which has been discussed in detail.

  • 9.
    Pazoki, Meysam
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
    Wolf, Matthew J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Kullgren, Jolla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
    Vacancy dipole interactions and the correlation with monovalent cation dependent ion movement in lead halide perovskite solar cell materials2017In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 38, p. 537-543Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ion migration has recently been suggested to play critical roles in the operation of lead halide perovskite solar cells. However, so far there has been no systematic investigation of how the monovalent cation affects the vacancy formation, ion migration and the associated hysteresis effect. Here, we present density functional theory calculations on all possible ion migration barriers in the perovskite materials with different cations i.e. CH3NH3PbI3, CH(NH2)(2)PbI3 and CsPbI3 in the tetragonal phase and investigate vacancy monovalent-cation interactions within the framework of the possible ion migrations. The most relevant ion movement (iodide) is investigated in greater detail and corresponding local structural changes, the relationships with the local ionic dielectric response, Stark effect and current-voltage hysteresis are discussed. We observe a correlation between the energy barrier for iodine migration and the magnitude of the dipole of the monovalent cation. From the data, we suggest a vacancy-dipole interaction mechanism by which the larger dipole of the monovalent cation can respond to and screen the local electric fields more effectively. The stronger response of the high dipolar monovalent cation to the vacancy electrostatic potential in turn leads to a lower local structural changes within the neighbouring octahedra. The presented data reveal a detailed picture of the ion movement, vacancy dipole interactions and the consequent local structural changes, which contain fundamental information about the photo-physics, and dielectric response of the material.

  • 10.
    Qiu, Zhen
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Ma, Yue
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry. Northwestern Polytechnical University.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    In operando Raman spectroscopy of surface phase transformation in iron-doped nickel oxide nanosheets for enhanced overall water splittingIn: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Saraf, Deepashri
    et al.
    Savitribai Phule Pune Univ, Dept Phys, Pune 411007, Maharashtra, India.
    Chakraborty, Sudip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Kshirsagar, Anjali
    Savitribai Phule Pune Univ, Dept Phys, Pune 411007, Maharashtra, India;Savitribai Phule Pune Univ, Ctr Modeling & Simulat, Pune 411007, Maharashtra, India.
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Dept Mat & Engn, Appl Mat Phys, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
    In pursuit of bifunctional catalytic activity in PdS2 pseudo-monolayer through reaction coordinate mapping2018In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 49, p. 283-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have investigated the photocatalytic efficiency and corresponding hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions (HER and OER) through different functionalization of stable 1T palladium disulfide (PdS2) monolayer. The electronic structure calculations based on Density Functional Theory (DFT) formalism, have been performed along with the corresponding optical properties of functionalized and S-mono-vacancy defected 1T PdS2 monolayer. The optimum band gap required for water splitting makes this two-dimensional material an exciting promise for photocatalysis process. In this work, we have not only envisaged the photocatalytic activity, but also the specific reaction coordinates for HER and OER based on the adsorption energies of the intermediates of the individual reaction. Functionalization of 1T PdS2 monolayer is done by replacing the anion (S) site with P, N and C functionalized atoms and also by creating a mono-vacancy defect at the same site. We have also determined (i) the stability of the functionalized 1T PdS2 monolayer based on the phonon dispersion calculations and (ii) the respective work function of the individual systems. The steady optical response in the visible range is in favour of the photocatalytic activity of the monolayer, while the corresponding reaction coordinates predict the suitability of the functionalized and defected monolayer for HER and OER mechanism. The mono-vacancy defected and Nfunctionalized PdS2 monolayer have emerged as the most promising systems for OER and HER activities respectively. Overall, we have predicted that the bifunctional catalytic activity can be achieved through functionalization and vacancy defect in PdS2 monolayer.

  • 12.
    Shukla, Vivekanand
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Araujo, Rafael Barros Neves de
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Jena, Naresh K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Appl Mat Phys, Dept Mat & Engn, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Curious Case of Two Dimensional Si2BN: A High-capacity Battery Anode Material2017In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 41, p. 251-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ubiquity of silicon in the semiconductor industry and its unique charge transport features has consistently fueled interest in this element and recent realization 2D silicene is a new feather in its cap. In what could be considered as opening up the Pandora's box with many possible virtues, buckled silicene, planar graphene and a host of other newly discovered 2D materials have redefined a whole new paradigm of research. To this end, the quest for new 2D materials and finding potential applications, particularly to the realm of energy storage, is a curiosity driven task. From first principle density functional theory studies, a newly reported graphene like 2D material Si2BN is investigated as a probable anode material for Li and Na ion batteries. In contrast to pristine silicene, which is inherently buckled, the material Si2BN is planar. However, an interesting transition from planar to buckled structure takes place upon subsequent adsorption of Li and Na ions. Concomitantly, this transition is associated with superior specific capacity (1158.5 and 993.0 mA h/g respectively for Li and Na) which is significantly higher than several other 2D analogues. Furthermore, the substrate Si2BN regains the planar structure on subsequent desorption of ions and stability of the material remains intact, as evidenced from ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. As we delve deep into the electronic structure and compute the diffusion pathways and barriers, it is observed that the ionic diffusion is very fast with significantly lesser barrier heights, particularly for Na-ion. These findings suggest that for the 2D Si2BN, there is no diminution in order to be a potential anode material for Li and Na ion batteries.

  • 13.
    Shukla, Vivekanand
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Jena, Naresh K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Naqvi, S. Rabab
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Luo, Wei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Modeling High-performing Batteries with Mxenes: The case of S-functionalized two- Dimensional Nitride Mxene Electrode2019In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 58, p. 877-885Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent upsurge in the two-dimensional (2D) materials have established their larger role on energy storage applications. To this end, Mxene represent a new paradigm extending beyond the realm of oft-explored elemental 2D materials beginning with graphene. Here in, we employed first principles modelling based on density functional theory to investigate the role of S-functionalized Nitride Mxenes as anodes for Li/Na ion batteries. To be specific, V2NS2 and Ti2NS2 have been explored with a focus on computing meaningful descriptors to quantify these 2D materials to be optimally performing electrodes. The Li/Na ion adsorption energies are found to be high (> -2 eV) on both the surfaces and associated with significant charge transfer. Interestingly, this ion intercalation can reach up to multilayers which essentially affords higher specific capacity for the substrate. Particularly, these two 2D materials (V2NS2 and Ti2NS2) have been found to be more suitable for Li-ion batteries with estimated theoretical capacities of 299.52 mAh g(-1) and 308.28 mAh g(-1) respectively. We have also probed the diffusion barriers of ion migration on these two surfaces and these are found to be ultrafast in nature. All these unique features qualify these Mxenes to be potential anode materials for rechargeable batteries and likely to draw imminent attention.

  • 14.
    Watcharatharapong, Teeraphat
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    T-Thienprasert, Jiraroj
    Kasetsart Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, Bangkok 10900, Thailand.
    Chakraborty, Sudip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Royal Inst Technol, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Defect formations and pH-dependent kinetics in krohnkite Na2Fe (SO4)2·2H2O based cathode for sodium-ion batteries: Resembling synthesis conditions through chemical potential landscape2019In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 55, p. 123-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermodynamics and kinetics of intrinsic point defects in Na2Fe(SO4)(2)center dot 2H(2)O, a high-voltage cathode for Na-ion batteries, are studied by means of first-principles density functional theory. Electronic structures of charged defects are calculated to study their influences towards electronic and electrochemical properties as well as to probe hole polaron formation. As defect formation energy strongly depends on atomic chemical potentials, we initiate a systematic approach to determine their valid ranges for the pentrary Na-Fe-S-O-H compound under thermodynamic equilibria and correlate them with approximated pH parameters in solution-based synthesis. Given chemical potential landscape and formation energy, we find that Fe-Na(1+), V-Na(1-,0) and Na-Fe(1-,0) are dominant and their concentrations could be manipulated through pH condition and oxygen content in the precursor solution. It is predicted that the channel blockage due to Fe-Na would appear under strong acidic growth condition but could be diminished under weak acidic condition (4.7 <= pH <= 5.6) where Na-Fe facilitates a faster migration between each diffusion channel. Our results do not only explain the origin of intercalation mechanism and improved electronic conduction, but also demonstrates the pH influence towards conductivities in the cathode material.

  • 15.
    Wen, Chenyu
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Li, Shiyu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Zeng, Shuangshuang
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Zhang, Zhen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Zhang, Shi-Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Autogenic analyte translocation in nanopores2019In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 60, p. 503-509Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanopores have been widely studied for power generation and single-molecule detection. Although the power level generated by a single nanopore based on electrolyte concentration gradient is too low to be practically useful, such a power level is found sufficient to drive analyte translocation in nanopores. Here, we explore the simultaneous action of a solid-state nanopore as a nanopower generator and a nanoscale biosensor by exploiting the extremely small power generated to drive the analyte translocation in the same nanopore device. This autogenic analyte translocation is demonstrated using protein and DNA for their distinct shape, size and charge. The simple device structure allows for easy implementation of either electrical or optical readout. The obtained nanopore translocation is characterized by typical behaviors expected for an ordinary nanopore sensor powered by an external source. Extensive numerical simulation confirms the power generation and power level generated. It also reveals the fundamentals of autogenic translocation. As it requires no external power source, the sensing can be conducted with simple readout electronics and may allow for integration of high-density nanopores. Our approach demonstrated in this work may pave the way to practical high-throughput single-molecule nanopore sensing powered by the distributed energy harvested by the nanopores themselves.

  • 16.
    Wu, Jiyue
    et al.
    Queen Mary Univ London, Sch Engn & Mat Sci, Mile End Rd, London E1 4NS, England.
    Mahajan, Amit
    Queen Mary Univ London, Sch Engn & Mat Sci, Mile End Rd, London E1 4NS, England.
    Riekehr, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Zhang, Hangfeng
    Queen Mary Univ London, Sch Biol & Chem Sci, Mile End Rd, London E1 4NS, England.
    Yang, Bin
    Univ Chester, Fac Sci & Engn, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Thornton Sci Pk, Chester CH2 4NU, Cheshire, England.
    Meng, Nan
    Queen Mary Univ London, Sch Engn & Mat Sci, Mile End Rd, London E1 4NS, England.
    Zhang, Zhen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Yan, Haixue
    Queen Mary Univ London, Sch Engn & Mat Sci, Mile End Rd, London E1 4NS, England.
    Perovskite Sr-x(Bi1-xNa0.97-xLi0.03)(0.5)TiO3 ceramics with polar nano regions for high power energy storage2018In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 50, p. 723-732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dielectric capacitors are very attractive for high power energy storage. However, the low energy density of these capacitors, which is mainly limited by the dielectric materials, is still the bottleneck for their applications. In this work, lead-free single-phase perovskite Srx(Bi1-xNa0.97-xLi0.03)(0.5)TiO3 (x = 0.30 and 0.38) bulk ceramics, prepared using solid-state reaction method, were carefully studied for the dielectric capacitor application. Polar nano regions (PNRs) were created in this material using co-substitution at A-site to enable relaxor behaviour with low remnant polarization (P-r) and high maximum polarization (P-max). Moreover, P-max was further increased due to the electric field induced reversible phase transitions in nano regions. Comprehensive structural and electrical studies were performed to confirm the PNRs and reversible phase transitions. And finally a high energy density (1.70 J/cm(3)) with an excellent efficiency (87.2%) was achieved using the contribution of field-induced rotations of PNRs and PNR-related reversible transitions in this material, making it among the best performing lead-free dielectric ceramic bulk material for high energy storage.

  • 17.
    Xu, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Tian, Lei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Etman, Ahmed S.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Mat & Environm Chem, Svante Arrhenius Vag 16C, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Mat & Environm Chem, Svante Arrhenius Vag 16C, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden;Peking Univ, Beijing Natl Lab Mol Sci, Coll Chem & Mol Engn, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
    Tian, Haining
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Solution-processed nanoporous NiO-dye-ZnO photocathodes: Toward efficient and stable solid-state p-type dye-sensitized solar cells and dye-sensitized photoelectrosynthesis cells2019In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 55, p. 59-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A solution-processed NiO-dye-ZnO photocathode was developed for applications in both solid-state p-type dye-sensitized solar cells (p-ssDSCs) and p-type dye-sensitized photoelectrosynthesis cells (p-DSPECs). In p-ssDSCs, the solar cell using ZnO as electron transport material showed a short circuit current, up to 680 mu A cm(-2), which is 60-fold larger than that previously reported device using TiO2 as electron transport material with similar architecture. In the p-DSPECs, a remarkable photocurrent of 100 mu A cm(-2) was achieved in a pH = 5.0 acetate buffer solution under a bias potential at 0.05 V vs RHE with platinum as the proton reduction catalyst. A Faradaic efficiency approaching 100% for the H-2 evolution reaction was obtained after photoelectrolysis for 9 h. Importantly, the solution-processed NiO-dye-ZnO photocathode exhibited excellent long-term stability in both p-ssDSCs and p-DSPECs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study where a solution-processable, nanoporous NiO-dye-ZnO photocathode is used for both p-ssDSCs and p-DSPECs having both excellent device performance and stability.

  • 18. Xu, Bo
    et al.
    Tian, Lei
    Etman, Ahmed
    Sun, Junliang
    Tian, Haining
    Solution-processed nanoporous NiO-dye-ZnO photocathodes: Toward efficient and stable solid-state p-type dye-sensitized solar cells and dye-sensitized photoelectrosynthesis cells2019In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 55, p. 59-64Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Zhang, Xiaoli
    et al.
    South Univ Sci & Technol China, Coll Engn, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China.;Nanyang Technol Univ, Sch Elect & Elect Engn, 50 Nanyang Ave, Singapore 639798, Singapore..
    Zhang, Jinbao
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Xu, Bing
    South Univ Sci & Technol China, Coll Engn, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Kai
    South Univ Sci & Technol China, Coll Engn, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China..
    Sun, Xiao Wei
    South Univ Sci & Technol China, Coll Engn, Dept Elect & Elect Engn, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China.;Nanyang Technol Univ, Sch Elect & Elect Engn, 50 Nanyang Ave, Singapore 639798, Singapore..
    Synergistic effects in biphasic nanostructured electrocatalyst: Crystalline core versus amorphous shell2017In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 41, p. 788-797Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent study on active amorphous catalytic materials provokes rethinking of the previous research on atomic and electronic structures in the crystalline catalyst. Is there any active catalyst with biphasic structure, in particular the integration of crystalline and amorphous components? Inspired by this question, a crystalline-amorphous biphasic quaternary oxide catalyst is novelly fabricated via one-step solvothermal method in this work. The as-prepared catalyst displays a well-designed coreshell architecture composed of crystalline Co(ZnxNi2-x)O-4 nanorod (core) and amorphous NiO nanosheet (shell). This heterogeneous coreshell catalyst exhibits high activity in the oxygen evolution reaction by demonstrating a low over-potential of 1.57 V vs RHE, a high half-wave potential (0.89 V vs RHE), and long-term electrochemical stability for 25 h. It is found that the synergistic effects from the amorphization of the shell on the one hand, and the atomic/electronic structure of the crystalline core on the other hand, could significantly facilitate the catalytic activity both at the surface and in the bulk volume of the solid oxides. Therefore, this new developed crystalline-amorphous biphasic catalyst could provide instructive roles in the future design of new catalysts for O-2 evolution and other catalytic reactions.

  • 20.
    Zhang, Xiaoliang
    et al.
    Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Jia, Donglin
    Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Hägglund, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Öberg, Viktor A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Du, Juan
    Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Jianhua
    Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Johansson, Erik M. J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Highly photostable and efficient semitransparent quantum dot solar cells by using solution-phase ligand exchange2018In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 53, p. 373-382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For semitransparent solar cells (SSCs) the photovoltaic efficiency and the transparency are the two primary objectives for utilization in for example building integrated photovoltaics. Solution-processed PbS colloidal quantum dot (CQD) has strong light absorption in the ultraviolent region and possess the advantages of tunable bandgap in the visible and infrared region. Herein we report a PbS CQD-SSC with tunable infrared light absorption and high photostability by combining experimental studies and numerical theoretical simulations. Through fine-controlling the electro-optics in the CQD-SSC and by using a solution-phase ligand exchange for the CQD solid film deposition, the power loss in the device is significantly decreased, yielding a CQD-SSC with a power conversion efficiency of 8.4% and an average visible transmittance of 21.4%, respectively. After 540 h continuous 100 mW cm(-2) illumination the solar cell still shows similar to 85% of its initial power conversion efficiency, and then recovers to the initial performance after storage in dark. This work provides a strong progress and an approach toward the development of low-cost, highly efficient and stable semitransparent CQD solar cells. Meanwhile this study also provides insight and quantitative guidelines for further improving the SSC photovoltaic efficiency and transparency in general.

  • 21.
    Zhao, Jie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Pan, Ruijun
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Sun, Rui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Wen, Chenyu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Zhang, Shi-Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    Wu, Biao
    Nyholm, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
    Zhang, Zhi-Bin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
    High-Conductivity Reduced-Graphene-Oxide/Copper Aerogel for Energy Storage2019In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 60, p. 760-767Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work reports a room-temperature, solution-phase and one-pot method for macro-assembly of a three-dimensional (3D) reduced-graphene-oxide/copper hybrid hydrogel. The hydrogel is subsequently transformed into a highly conductive aerogel via freeze-drying. The aerogel, featuring reduced graphene oxide (rGO) networks decorated with Cu and CuxO nanoparticles (Cu/CuxO@rGO), exhibits a specific surface area of 48 m(2)/g and an apparent electrical conductivity of similar to 33 and similar to 430 S/m prior to and after mechanical compression, respectively. The compressed Cu/CuxO@rGO aerogel delivers a specific capacity of similar to 453 mAh g(-1) at a current density of 1 A/g and similar to 184 mAh g(-1) at 50 A/g in a 3 M KOH aqueous electrolyte evidenced by electrochemical measurements. Galvanostatic cycling tests at 5 A/g demonstrates that the Cu/CuxO@rGO aerogel retains 38% (similar to 129 mAh g(-1)) of the initial capacity (similar to 339 mAh g(-1)) after 500 cycles. The straightforward manufacturing process and the promising electrochemical performances make the Cu/CuxO@rGO aerogel an attractive electrode candidate in energy storage applications.

  • 22. Zhao, Jie
    et al.
    Pan, Ruijun
    Sun, Rui
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
    Wen, Chenyu
    Zhang, Shili
    Wu, Biao
    Nyholm, Leif
    Zhang, Zhibin
    High-conductivity reduced-graphene-oxide/copper aerogel for energystorage2019In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 60, p. 760-767Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 22 of 22
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