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  • 1.
    Aitola, Kerttu
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Sveinbjörnsson, Kári
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Correa-Baena, Juan-Pablo
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Lab Photomol Sci, EPFL SB ISIC LSPM, CH G1 523,Chemin Alamb,Stn 6, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Kaskela, Antti
    Aalto Univ, Sch Sci, Dept Appl Phys, POB 15100, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Abate, Antonio
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Lab Photon & Interfaces, Inst Chem Sci & Engn, EPFL SB ISIC LPI, CH G1 526,Stn 6, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Tian, Ying
    Aalto Univ, Sch Sci, Dept Appl Phys, POB 15100, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Johansson, Erik M. J.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Graetzel, Michael
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Lab Photon & Interfaces, Inst Chem Sci & Engn, EPFL SB ISIC LPI, CH G1 526,Stn 6, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Kauppinen, Esko I.
    Aalto Univ, Sch Sci, Dept Appl Phys, POB 15100, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi. Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Lab Photomol Sci, EPFL SB ISIC LSPM, CH G1 523,Chemin Alamb,Stn 6, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Carbon nanotube-based hybrid hole-transporting material and selective contact for high efficiency perovskite solar cells2016Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 461-466Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate a high efficiency perovskite solar cell with a hybrid hole-transporting material-counter electrode based on a thin single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) film and a drop-cast 2,2,7,-7-tetrakis(N, N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,90-spirobifluorene (Spiro-OMeTAD) hole-transporting material (HTM). The average efficiency of the solar cells was 13.6%, with the record cell yielding 15.5% efficiency. The efficiency of the reference solar cells with spin-coated Spiro-OMeTAD hole-transportingmaterials (HTMs) and an evaporated gold counter electrode was 17.7% (record 18.8%), that of the cells with only a SWCNT counter electrode (CE) without additional HTM was 9.1% (record 11%) and that of the cells with gold deposited directly on the perovskite layer was 5% (record 6.3%). Our results show that it is possible to manufacture high efficiency perovskite solar cells with thin film (thickness less than 1 mu m) completely carbon-based HTMCEs using industrially upscalable manufacturing methods, such as press-transferred CEs and drop-cast HTMs.

  • 2.
    Ardo, Shane
    et al.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Chem, Irvine, CA 92697 USA;Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Chem Engn & Mat Sci, Irvine, CA 92697 USA;US DOE, Off Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy EERE, Fuel Cell Technol Off, EE-3F,1000 Independence Ave SW, Washington, DC 20585 USA.
    Rivas, David Fernandez
    Univ Twente, MESA Inst Nanotechnol, Mesoscale Chem Syst Grp, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Modestino, Miguel A.
    NYU, Dept Chem & Biomol Engn, Brooklyn, NY 11201 USA.
    Greiving, Verena Schulze
    Univ Twente, Dept Sci Technol & Policy Studies, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Abdi, Fatwa F.
    Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin Mat & Energie GmbH, Inst Solar Fuels, Berlin, Germany.
    Llado, Esther Alarcon
    Amolf Inst, Ctr Nanophoton, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Artero, Vincent
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, Lab Chim & Biol Metaux, Grenoble, France.
    Ayers, Katherine
    Proton OnSite, Wallingford, CT 06492 USA.
    Battaglia, Corsin
    Empa, Swiss Fed Labs Mat Sci & Technol, Dubendorf, Switzerland.
    Becker, Jan-Philipp
    Forschungszentrum Julich, IEK Photovolta 5, Julich, Germany.
    Bederak, Dmytro
    Univ Groningen, Zernike Inst Adv Mat, Nijenborgh 4, NL-9747 AG Groningen, Netherlands.
    Berger, Alan
    Air Prod & Chem Inc, Allentown, PA 18195 USA.
    Buda, Francesco
    Leiden Univ, Leiden Inst Chem, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Chinello, Enrico
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, LAPD, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Dam, Bernard
    Delft Univ Technol, MECS, Dept Chem Engn, Maasweg 9, NL-2629 HZ Delft, Netherlands.
    Di Palma, Valerio
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, Dept Appl Phys, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Fujii, Katsushi
    Univ Kitakyushu, Inst Environm Sci & Technol, Wakamatsu Ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Gardeniers, Han
    Univ Twente, MESA Inst Nanotechnol, Mesoscale Chem Syst Grp, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Geerlings, Hans
    Delft Univ Technol, MECS, Dept Chem Engn, Maasweg 9, NL-2629 HZ Delft, Netherlands.
    Hashemi, S. Mohammad H.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Opt Lab LO, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Haussener, Sophia
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, LRESE, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Houle, Frances
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Joint Ctr Artificial Photosynthesis & Chem Sci Di, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA.
    Huskens, Jurriaan
    Univ Twente, MESA Inst Nanotechnol, Mol Nanofabricat Grp, Enschede, Netherlands.
    James, Brian D.
    Strateg Anal Inc, Arlington, VA 22203 USA.
    Konrad, Kornelia
    Univ Twente, Dept Sci Technol & Policy Studies, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Kudo, Akihiko
    Tokyo Univ Sci, Fac Sci, Dept Appl Chem, Tokyo 1628601, Japan.
    Kunturu, Pramod Patil
    Univ Twente, MESA Inst Nanotechnol, Mol Nanofabricat Grp, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Lohse, Detlef
    Univ Twente, MESA Inst Nanotechnol, Phys Fluids Grp, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Mei, Bastian
    Univ Twente, MESA Inst Nanotechnol, Photocatalyt Synth Grp, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Miller, Eric L.
    Moore, Gary F.
    Arizona State Univ, Sch Mol Sci, Biodesign Ctr Appl Struct Discovery CASD, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA.
    Muller, Jiri
    Inst Energiteknikk, Kjeller, Norway.
    Orchard, Katherine L.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Chem, Cambridge, England.
    Rosser, Timothy E.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Chem, Cambridge, England.
    Saadi, Fadl H.
    CALTECH, Div Engn & Appl Sci, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA.
    Schuttauf, Jan-Willem
    Swiss Ctr Elect & Microtechnol CSEM, PV Ctr, Neuchatel, Switzerland.
    Seger, Brian
    Tech Univ Denmark DTU, Dept Phys, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Sheehan, Stafford W.
    Catalyt Innovat, Fall River, MA 02723 USA.
    Smith, Wilson A.
    Delft Univ Technol, MECS, Dept Chem Engn, Maasweg 9, NL-2629 HZ Delft, Netherlands.
    Spurgeon, Joshua
    Univ Louisville, Conn Ctr Renewable Energy Res, Louisville, KY 40292 USA.
    Tang, Maureen H.
    Drexel Univ, Chem & Biol Engn, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.
    van de Krol, Roel
    Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin Mat & Energie GmbH, Inst Solar Fuels, Berlin, Germany.
    Vesborg, Peter C. K.
    Tech Univ Denmark DTU, Dept Phys, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Westerik, Pieter
    Univ Twente, MESA Inst Nanotechnol, Mesoscale Chem Syst Grp, Enschede, Netherlands.
    Pathways to electrochemical solar-hydrogen technologies2018Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 11, nr 10, s. 2768-2783Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Solar-powered electrochemical production of hydrogen through water electrolysis is an active and important research endeavor. However, technologies and roadmaps for implementation of this process do not exist. In this perspective paper, we describe potential pathways for solar-hydrogen technologies into the marketplace in the form of photoelectrochemical or photovoltaic-driven electrolysis devices and systems. We detail technical approaches for device and system architectures, economic drivers, societal perceptions, political impacts, technological challenges, and research opportunities. Implementation scenarios are broken down into short-term and long-term markets, and a specific technology roadmap is defined. In the short term, the only plausible economical option will be photovoltaic-driven electrolysis systems for niche applications. In the long term, electrochemical solar-hydrogen technologies could be deployed more broadly in energy markets but will require advances in the technology, significant cost reductions, and/ or policy changes. Ultimately, a transition to a society that significantly relies on solar-hydrogen technologies will benefit from continued creativity and influence from the scientific community.

  • 3. Beckmann, K.
    et al.
    Uchtenhagen, Hannes
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap.
    Berggren, Gustav
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap.
    Anderlund, Magnus F.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap.
    Thapper, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap.
    Messinger, J.
    Styring, Stenbjörn
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap.
    Kurz, P.
    Formation of stoichiometrically O-18-labelled oxygen from the oxidation of O-18-enriched water mediated by a dinuclear manganese complex: a mass spectrometry and EPR study2008Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 1, nr 6, s. 668-676Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Oxygen formation was detected for the oxidations of various multinuclear manganese complexes by oxone (HSO5-) in aqueous solution. To determine to what extent water was the source of the evolved O-2, (H2O)-O-18 isotope-labelling experiments coupled with membrane inlet mass spectrometry (MIMS) were carried out. We discovered that during the reaction of oxone with [Mn-2(OAc)(2)(bpmp)](+) (1), stoichiometrically labelled oxygen (O-18(2)) was formed. This is the first example of a homogeneous reaction mediated by a synthetic manganese complex where the addition of a strong chemical oxidant yields O-18(2) with labelling percentages matching the theoretically expected values for the case of both O-atoms originating from water. Experiments using lead acetate as an alternative oxidant supported this finding. A detailed investigation of the reaction by EPR spectroscopy, MIMS and Clark-type oxygen detection enabled us to propose potential reaction pathways.

  • 4. Faunce, Thomas A.
    et al.
    Lubitz, Wolfgang
    Rutherford, A. W. Bill
    MacFarlane, Douglas
    Moore, Gary F.
    Yang, Peidong
    Nocera, Daniel G.
    Moore, Tom A.
    Gregory, Duncan H.
    Fukuzumi, Shunichi
    Yoon, Kyung Byung
    Armstrong, Fraser A.
    Wasielewski, Michael R.
    Styring, Stenbjörn
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Energy and environment policy case for a global project on artificial photosynthesis2013Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 695-698Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5. Faunce, Thomas
    et al.
    Styring, Stenbjörn
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Wasielewski, Michael R.
    Brudvig, Gary W.
    Rutherford, A. William
    Messinger, Johannes
    Lee, Adam F.
    Hill, Craig L.
    deGroot, Huub
    Fontecave, Marc
    MacFarlane, Doug R.
    Hankamer, Ben
    Nocera, Daniel G.
    Tiede, David M.
    Dau, Holger
    Hillier, Warwick
    Wang, Lianzhou
    Amal, Rose
    Artificial photosynthesis as a frontier technology for energy sustainability2013Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 1074-1076Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Freitag, Marina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Daniel, Quentin
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Chem Sci & Engn, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pazoki, Meysam
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Sveinbjörnsson, Kári
    Zhang, Jinbao
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Chem Sci & Engn, Dept Chem, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.;Dalian Univ Technol, DUT KTH Joint Educ & Res Ctr Mol Devices, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China..
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    High-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells with molecular copper phenanthroline as solid hole conductor2015Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 8, nr 9, s. 2634-2637Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Copper phenanthroline complexes in the solid phase can act as efficient molecular hole transporting material (HTM) for hybrid solar cells. We prepared solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells with the organic dye LEG4 and bis(2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline)copper(I/II) (Cu(dmp)(2)) and achieved power conversion efficiencies of more than 8% under 1000 W m(-2) AM1.5G illumination, with open-circuit potentials of more than 1.0 V. The successful application of a copper-complex based HTM paves the way for low-cost and efficient hybrid solar cells, as well as for other opto-electronic devices.

  • 7.
    Hammarström, Leif
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap, Kemisk fysik.
    Styring, Stenbjörn
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Proton-coupled electron transfer of tyrosines in Photosystem II and model systems for artificial photosynthesis: the role of a redox-active link between catalyst and photosensitizer2011Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 4, nr 7, s. 2379-2388Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Water oxidation in Photosystem II is dependent on a particular amino acid residue, Tyrosine(Z). This is a redox intermediate in steady state oxygen evolution and transfers electrons from the water splitting CaMn4 cluster to the central chlorophyll radical P-680(+). This Perspective discusses the functional principles of Tyrosine(Z) as a proton-coupled redox active link, as well as mechanistic studies of synthetic model systems and implications for artificial photosynthesis. Experimental studies of temperature dependence and kinetic isotope effects are important tools to understand these reactions. We emphasize the importance of proton transfer distance and hydrogen bond dynamics that are responsible for variation in the rate of PCET by several orders of magnitude. The mechanistic principles discussed and their functional significance are not limited to tyrosine and biological systems, but are important to take into account when constructing artificial photosynthetic systems. Of particular importance is the role of proton transfer management in water splitting and solar fuel catalysis.

  • 8.
    House, Robert A.
    et al.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Oxford, Dept Chem, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Jin, Liyu
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Oxford, Dept Chem, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Maitra, Urmimala
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Oxford, Dept Chem, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Tsuruta, Kazuki
    Japan Synchrotron Radiat Res Inst JASRI, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 6795198, Japan.
    Somerville, James W.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Oxford, Dept Chem, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Forstermann, Dominic P.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Oxford, Dept Chem, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Massel, Felix
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Duda, Laurent
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Roberts, Matthew R.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Oxford, Dept Chem, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Bruce, Peter G.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Oxford, Dept Chem, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Lithium manganese oxyfluoride as a new cathode material exhibiting oxygen redox2018Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 926-932Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The quantity of charge stored in transition metal oxide intercalation cathodes for Li or Na batteries is not limited by transition metal redox reactions but can also access redox reactions on O; examples include Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2, Li2Ru0.75Sn0.25O3, Li1.2Nb0.3Mn0.4O2, Na2RuO3 and Na2/3Mg0.28Mn0.72O2. Here we show that oxyfluorides can also exhibit charge storage by O-redox. We report the discovery of lithium manganese oxyfluoride, specifically the composition, Li1.9Mn0.95O2.05F0.95, with a high capacity to store charge of 280 mA h g(-1) (corresponding to 960 W h kg(-1)) of which almost half, 130 mA h g(-1), arises from O-redox. This material has a disordered cubic rocksalt structure and the voltage-composition curve is significantly more reversible compared with ordered Li-rich layered cathodes. Unlike lithium manganese oxides such as the ordered layered rocksalt Li2MnO3, Li1.9Mn0.95O2.05F0.95 does not exhibit O loss from the lattice. The material is synthesised using a simple, one-pot mechanochemical procedure.

  • 9.
    Jacobsson, Jesper
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Photoelectrochemical water splitting: an idea heading towards obsolescence?2018Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 11, nr 8, s. 1977-1979Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The production of hydrogen from water and sunlight is a way to address the intermittency in renewable energy production, while simultaneously generating a versatile fuel and a valuable chemical feedstock. Photoelectrochemical water splitting is one possible approach to accomplish this that has been researched since the early seventies. It has for a long time held the promise of having the potential to become the best, cheapest, and most efficient way to convert solar energy into chemical energy in the form of hydrogen, but in this paper, I argue that the time window where this could have happened has now come to an end. With the rapid development of both PV-technology and earth-abundant electrocatalysis, it will be tremendously difficult, even in the best-case scenario, for a classical photoelectrochemical water splitting device to compete with what PV-driven electrolysers can already do today. This is an insight that should influence the future of solar fuel research.

  • 10.
    Jacobsson, Jesper T.
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Fjällström, Viktor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Sahlberg, Martin Häggblad
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Edoff, Marika
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    A monolithic device for solar water splitting based on series interconnected thin film absorbers reaching over 10% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency2013Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 6, nr 12, s. 3676-3683Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Efficient production of hydrogen from solar energy is anticipated to be an important component in a future sustainable post-carbon energy system. Here we demonstrate that series interconnected absorbers in a PV-electrolysis configuration based on the compound semiconductor CIGS, CuInxGa1-xSe2, are a highly interesting concept for solar water splitting applications. The band gap energy of CIGS can be adjusted to a value close to optimum for efficient absorption of the solar spectrum, but is too low to drive overall water splitting. Therefore we connect three cells in series, into a monolithic device, which provides sufficient driving force for the full reaction. Integrated with a catalyst this forms a stable PV/photo-electrochemical device, which when immersed in water reaches over 10% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency for unassisted water splitting. The results show that series interconnected device concepts, which enable use of a substantial part of the solar spectrum, provide a simple route towards highly efficient water splitting and could be used also for other solar absorbers with similar electro-optical properties. We discuss how the efficiency could be increased for this particular device, as well as the general applicability of the concepts used in this work. We also briefly discuss advantages and disadvantages of photo-electrochemical cells in relation to PV-electrolysis with respect to our results.

  • 11.
    Jacobsson, Jesper
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Viktor, Fjällström
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Marika, Edoff
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Tomas, Edvinsson
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Sustainable Solar Hydrogen Production: From Photo-Electrochemical Cells to PV-Electrolysis and Back Again2014Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable hydrogen production could, in principle, be accomplished along several different routes, where some of the most promising approaches involve utilization of solar energy. Photoelectrochemical cells (PEC-cells) and PV-electrolyzers for solar hydrogen production are here analyzed and compared. The analysis is performed by theoretically designing a number of intermediate devices, successively going from PEC-cells to PV-electrolyzers. The main physical processes: absorption, charge carrier separation, charge carrier transport, and catalysis are analyzed in the different devices. This demonstrates how the two concepts are related, and how one could easily be transformed and converted into the other. The awareness of the close relationship between PEC-cells and PV-electrolyzers is not as widely recognized as it should be. Traditionally, these two approaches have often been considered as fundamentally different, and are far too seldom analyzed in the same context. We argue that the different device designs for solar hydrogen production are best seen as essentially equivalent approaches, and as topological variations of the same basic theme, and can in many cases be unified under the acronym photo driven catalytic (PDC) devices. We further argue that much is to gain by acknowledging the similarities between PEC water splitting and PV-electrolysis, and that one concept alone should not be considered without also considering the other. The analysis and discussion presented could potentially lead to an increased fruitful crossbreeding of the accumulated knowledge in the respective sub-discipline, and aid in realizing solar hydrogen production as a sustainable and economically compatible energy alternative.

  • 12.
    Jacobsson, T. Jesper
    et al.
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Inst Chem Sci & Engn, Lab Photomol Sci, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Correa-Baen, Juan-Pablo
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Inst Chem Sci & Engn, Lab Photomol Sci, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Pazoki, Meysam
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Saliba, Michael
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Inst Chem Sci & Engn, Lab Photon & Interfaces, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Schenk, Kurt
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Gratzel, Michael
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Inst Chem Sci & Engn, Lab Photon & Interfaces, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi. Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Inst Chem Sci & Engn, Lab Photomol Sci, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Exploration of the compositional space for mixed lead halogen perovskites for high efficiency solar cells2016Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 9, nr 5, s. 1706-1724Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lead halide perovskites have attracted considerable interest as photoabsorbers in PV-applications over the last few years. The most studied perovskite material achieving high photovoltaic performance has been methyl ammonium lead iodide, CH3NH3PbI3. Recently the highest solar cell efficiencies have, however, been achieved with mixed perovskites where iodide and methyl ammonium partially have been replaced by bromide and formamidinium. In this work, the mixed perovskites were explored in a systematic way by manufacturing devices where both iodide and methyl ammonium were gradually replaced by bromide and formamidinium. The absorption and the emission behavior as well as the crystallographic properties were explored for the perovskites in this compositional space. The band gaps as well as the crystallographic structures were extracted. Small changes in the composition of the perovskite were found to have a large impact on the properties of the materials and the device performance. In the investigated compositional space, cell efficiencies, for example, vary from a few percent up to 20.7%. From the perspective of applications, exchanging iodide with bromide is especially interesting as it allows tuning of the band gap from 1.5 to 2.3 eV. This is highly beneficial for tandem applications, and an empirical expression for the band gap as a function of composition was determined. Exchanging a small amount of iodide with bromide is found to be highly beneficial, whereas a larger amount of bromide in the perovskite was found to cause intense sub band gap photoemission with detrimental results for the device performance. This could be caused by the formation of a small amount of an iodide rich phase with a lower band gap, even though such a phase was not observed in diffraction experiments. This shows that stabilizing the mixed perovskites will be an important task in order to get the bromide rich perovskites, which has a higher band gap, to reach the same high performance obtained with the best compositions.

  • 13.
    Jain, Sagar Motilal
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi. Swansea Univ Bay Campus, Coll Engn, SPECIFIC, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, W Glam, Wales.
    Qiu, Zhen
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Häggman, Leif
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Mirmohades, Mohammad
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Johansson, Malin B.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Frustrated Lewis pair-mediated recrystallization of CH3NH3PbI3 for improved optoelectronic quality and high voltage planar perovskite solar cells2016Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 9, nr 12, s. 3770-3782Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Films of the hybrid lead halide perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 were found to react with pyridine vapor at room temperature leading to complete bleaching of the film. In dry air or nitrogen atmosphere recrystallization takes place, leading to perovskite films with markedly improved optical and photovoltaic properties. The physical and chemical origin of the reversible bleaching and recrystallization mechanism was investigated using a variety of experimental techniques and quantum chemical calculations. The strong Lewis base pyridine attacks the CH3NH3PbI3. The mechanism can be understood from a frustrated Lewis pair formation with a partial electron donation of the lone-pair on nitrogen together with competitive bonding to other species as revealed by Raman spectroscopy and DFT calculations. The bleached phase consists of methylammonium iodide crystals and an amorphous phase of PbI2( pyridine)(2). After spontaneous recrystallization the CH3NH3PbI3 thin films have remarkably improved photoluminescence, and solar cell performance increased from 9.5% for as-deposited films to more than 18% power conversion efficiency for recrystallized films in solar cells with planar geometry under AM1.5G illumination. Hysteresis was negligible and open-circuit potential was remarkably high, 1.15 V. The results show that complete recrystallization can be achieved with a simple room temperature pyridine vapor treatment of CH3NH3PbI3 films leading to high quality crystallinity films with drastically improved photovoltaic performance.

  • 14.
    Khanna, Namita
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Esmieu, Charlène
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Meszaros, Livia S.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Lindblad, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Berggren, Gustav
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    In vivo activation of an [FeFe] hydrogenase using synthetic cofactors2017Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 10, nr 7, s. 1563-1567Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    [FeFe] hydrogenases catalyze the reduction of protons, and oxidation of hydrogen gas, with remarkable efficiency. The reaction occurs at the H-cluster, which contains an organometallic [2Fe] subsite. The unique nature of the [2Fe] subsite makes it dependent on a specific set of maturation enzymes for its biosynthesis and incorporation into the apo-enzyme. Herein we report on how this can be circumvented, and the apo-enzyme activated in vivo by synthetic active site analogues taken up by the living cell.

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  • 15. Koroidov, Sergey
    et al.
    Anderlund, Magnus F.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Styring, Stenbjörn
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Thapper, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Messinger, Johannes
    First turnover analysis of water-oxidation catalyzed by Co-oxide nanoparticles2015Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 8, nr 8, s. 2492-2503Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Co-oxides are promising water oxidation catalysts for artificial photosynthesis devices. Presently, several different proposals exist for how they catalyze O2 formation from water. Knowledge about this process at molecular detail will be required for their further improvement. Here we present time-resolved 18O-labelling isotope-ratio membrane-inlet mass spectrometry (MIMS) experiments to study the mechanism of water oxidation in Co/methylenediphosphonate (Co/M2P) oxide nanoparticles using [Ru(bpy)3]3+ (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) as chemical oxidant. We show that 16O–Co/M2P-oxide nanoparticles produce 16O2 during their first turnover after simultaneous addition of H218O and [Ru(bpy)3]3+, while sequential addition with a delay of 3 s yields oxygen reflecting bulk water 18O-enrichment. This result is interpreted to show that the O–O bond formation in Co/M2P-oxide nanoparticles occurs via intramolecular oxygen coupling between two terminal Co–OHn ligands that are readily exchangeable with bulk water in the resting state of the catalyst. Importantly, our data allow the determination of the number of catalytic sites within this amorphous nanoparticular material, to calculate the TOF per catalytic site and to derive the number of holes needed for the production of the first O2 molecule per catalytic site. We propose that the mechanism of O–O bond formation during bulk catalysis in amorphous Co-oxides may differ from that taking place at the surface of crystalline materials.

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  • 16. Kronawitter, C. X.
    et al.
    Zegkinoglou, I.
    Shen, S. -H
    Liao, P.
    Cho, I. S.
    Zandi, O.
    Liu, Y. -S
    Lashgari, Koroush
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Westin, Gunnar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Guo, J. -H
    Himpsel, F. J.
    Carter, E. A.
    Zheng, X. L.
    Hamann, T. W.
    Koel, B. E.
    Mao, S. S.
    Vayssieres, L.
    Titanium incorporation into hematite photoelectrodes: theoretical considerations and experimental observations2014Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 7, nr 10, s. 3100-3121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A theoretical and experimental perspective on the role of titanium impurities in hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) nanostructured photoelectrodes for solar fuel synthesis devices is provided. Titanium incorporation is a known correlate to efficiency enhancement in alpha-Fe2O3 cc photoanodes for solar water oxidation; here the relevant literature and the latest advances are presented and various proposed mechanisms for enhancement are contrasted. Available experimental evidence suggests that Ti incorporation increases net electron carrier concentrations in electrodes, most likely to the extent that (synthesis-dependent) charge compensating cation vacancies are not present. However, electron conductivity increases alone cannot quantitatively account for the large associated photoelectrochemical performance enhancements. The magnitudes of the effects of Ti incorporation on electronic and magnetic properties appear to be highly synthesis-dependent, which has made difficult the development of consistent and general mechanisms explaining experimental and theoretical observations. In this context, we consider how the electronic structure correlates with Ti impurity incorporation in alpha-Fe2O3 a from the perspective of synchrotron-based soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements. Measurements are performed on sets of electrodes fabricated by five relevant and unrelated chemical and physical techniques. The effects of titanium impurities are reflected in the electronic structure through several universally observed spectral characteristics, irrespective of the synthesis techniques. Absorption spectra at the oxygen K-edge show that Ti incorporation is associated with new oxygen 2p-hybridized states, overlapping with and distorting the known unoccupied Fe 3d-O 2xp band of alpha-Fe2O3. This is an indication of mixing of Ti s and d states in the conduction band of alpha-Fe2O3. cc A comparison of spectra obtained with electron and photon detection shows that the effects of Ti incorporation on the conduction band are more pronounced in the near-surface region. Titanium L-2,L-3-edge absorption spectra show that titanium is incorporated into alpha-Fe2O3 as Ti4+ by all fabrication methods, with no long-range titania order detected. Iron L-2,L-3-edge absorption spectra indicate that Ti incorporation is not associated with the formation, of any significant concentrations of Fe2+, an observation common to many prior studies on this material system.

  • 17.
    Liu, Xufeng
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Miao, Rui
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Lindberg, Pia
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Lindblad, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Modular engineering for efficient photosynthetic biosynthesis of 1-butanol from CO2 in cyanobacteria2019Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 12, nr 9, s. 2765-2777Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophic microorganisms which can be engineered to directly convert CO2 and water into biofuels and chemicals via photosynthesis using sunlight as energy. However, the product titers and rates are the main challenges that need to be overcome for industrial applications. Here we present systematic modular engineering of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803, enabling efficient biosynthesis of 1-butanol, an attractive commodity chemical and gasoline substitute. Through introducing and re-casting the 1-butanol biosynthetic pathway at the gene and enzyme levels, optimizing the 5 '-regions of expression units for tuning transcription and translation, rewiring the carbon flux and rewriting the photosynthetic central carbon metabolism to enhance the precursor supply, and performing process development, we were able to reach a cumulative 1-butanol titer of 4.8 g L-1 with a maximal rate of 302 mg L-1 day(-1) from the engineered Synechocystis. This represents the highest 1-butanol production from CO2 reported so far. Our multi-level modular strategy for high-level production of chemicals and advanced biofuels represents a blue-print for future systematic engineering in photosynthetic microorganisms.

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  • 18.
    Pati, Palas Baran
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Damas, Giane
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Tian, Lei
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Fernandes, Daniel L. A.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Zhang, Lei
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Bayrak Pehlivan, Ilknur
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Araujo, Carlos Moyses
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialteori.
    Tian, Haining
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    An experimental and theoretical study of an efficient polymer nano-photocatalyst for hydrogen evolution2017Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 10, nr 6, s. 1372-1376Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we report a highly efficient organic polymer nano-photocatalyst for light driven proton reduction. The system renders an initial rate of hydrogen evolution up to 50 +/- 0.5 mmol g(-1) h(-1), which is the fastest rate among all other reported organic photocatalysts. We also experimentally and theoretically prove that the nitrogen centre of the benzothiadiazole unit plays a crucial role in the photocatalysis and that the Pdots structure holds a close to ideal geometry to enhance the photocatalysis.

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  • 19.
    Pazoki, Meysam
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Cappel, Ute B.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Molekyl- och kondenserade materiens fysik.
    Johansson, Erik M. J.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi. Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Lab Photomol Sci, SB ISIC LSPM, Chemin Alambics, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Characterization techniques for dye-sensitized solar cells2017Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 672-709Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) have been widely studied in the last two decades and start to be commercialized in the photovoltaic market. Comprehensive characterization is needed to fully understand and optimize the device performance and stability. In this review, we summarize different characterization methods for dye-sensitized solar cells with liquid redox electrolytes or solid state hole transporting materials, most of which can also be used for similar devices such as perovskite based thin film solar cells. Limitations and advantages of relevant methods for studying the energy levels and time scales involved in charge transfer processes as well as charge transport related characteristic lengths are discussed. A summary of recent developments in DSCs and the importance of measured parameters for the device optimization procedure are mentioned at the end.

  • 20. Pettersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Nonomura, Kazuteru
    Kloo, Lars
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Trends in patent applications for dye-sensitized solar cells2012Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 5, nr 6, s. 7376-7380Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) technology has grown into a massive field of research and development with a fast increasing number of scientific publications and patent applications. We have created a database for patents and patent applications that deal with dye-sensitized solar cell technology. In this paper the database has been used to analyze the number of patent applications over time, as well as technical, organizational, and geographical trends in patent applications for dye-sensitized solar cells. Activity in relation to DSC patents seriously took off after the millennium, with the majority of DSC patent applications coming from Asia. Almost 90% of the documents in the database derive from Japan, China, and Korea. From a technical perspective, approximately 75% of the DSC patent applications deal with DSC materials, mainly semiconductor materials, dyes, electrolytes, and device substrates. The DSC patent situation is complex and we recommend any potential manufacturer of DSC devices and/or DSC components to carefully analyze their freedom-to-operate.

  • 21. Preat, Julien
    et al.
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysikalisk och analytisk kemi, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Perpete, Eric A.
    Investigation of the photoinduced electron injection processes for p-type triphenylamine-sensitized solar cells2011Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 4, nr 11, s. 4537-4549Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We have carried out theoretical investigation aiming at modelling the assessment of mechanisms of photoinduced processes in a recent p-type organic metal-free dye derived from the triphenylamine (P-1) structure. In the P-1 system, one uses the triphenylamine moiety as the electron donor, malononitrile as the electron acceptor, and a thiophene that plays the role of the conjugated chain. Basically, the difference between the P-1 dye and the common organic dyes used in the n-type DSSC field is the anchoring group located on the electron donor group. In a first step, DFT and TDDFT approaches have been exploited to calculate the key parameters controlling both the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) and hole transfer rate constants in the Gurney-Gerischer-Marcus (GGM) formalism, for either a solvent-controlled adiabatic or a nonadiabatic electron transfer. These are: (i) the electronic coupling; (ii) the reorganization energies; and (iii) the variation of the Gibbs energy. The gathered results are in agreement with the experimental trends. (i) The vertical ICT excited states energy has been calculated at 2.67 eV, in perfect line with the experiment (2.65 eV). (ii) Two mechanisms can be conceived for the hole transfer and regeneration process. The first deals with the reduction of dye molecule at the excited state followed by an electron transfer from the reduced dye to the oxidized regenerator. The second implies a redox reaction between the excited dye and the oxidized regenerator, followed by an electron transfer from the cathode to the oxidized dye. (iii) Our theoretical investigation suggests that the first mechanism is dominant. Secondly, we propose structural modifications improving the TPA-based DSSCs hole transfer efficiency and we show that an additional -CN graft on the malononitrile unit combined to the functionalisation of the TPA moieties by -OMe groups (to give P-1b) should significantly improve the key parameters related to the electron injection. Indeed, for P-1b, we have noticed an increase of both the RLHE factor (0.907) and the injection driving force (-0.33 eV). This dye is therefore expected to be a very promising molecule in the p-type DSSC field.

  • 22.
    Qiu, Zhen
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Mat & Environm Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Niklasson, Gunnar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Edvinsson, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets fysik.
    Direct observation of active catalyst surface phases and the effect of dynamic self-optimization in NiFe-layered double hydroxides for alkaline water splitting2019Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 572-581Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Earth-abundant transition metal-based compounds are of high interest as catalysts for sustainable hydrogen fuel generation. The realization of effective electrolysis of water, however, is still limited by the requirement of a high sustainable driving potential above thermodynamic requirements. Here, we report dynamically self-optimized (DSO) NiFe layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanosheets with promising bi-functional performance. Compared with pristine NiFe LDH, DSO NiFe LDH exhibits much lower overpotential for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), even outperforming platinum. Under 1 M KOH aqueous electrolyte, the bi-functional DSO catalysts show an overpotential of 184 and -59 mV without iR compensation for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and HER at 10 mA cm(-2). The material system operates at 1.48 V and 1.29 V to reach 10 and 1 mA cm(-2) in two-electrode measurements, corresponding to 83% and 95% electricity-to-fuel conversion efficiency with respect to the lower heating value of hydrogen. The material is seen to dynamically reform the active phase of the surface layer during HER and OER, where the pristine and activated catalysts are analyzed with ex situ XPS, SAED and EELS as well as with in situ Raman spectro-electrochemistry. The results show transformation into different active interfacial species during OER and HER, revealing a synergistic interplay between iron and nickel in facilitating water electrolysis.

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  • 23.
    Raleiras, Patrícia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Khanna, Namita
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Miranda, Helder
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Meszaros, Livia S.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Krassen, Henning
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Ho, Felix
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Battchikova, Natalia
    Turku University.
    Aro, Eva-Mari
    Turku University.
    Magnuson, Ann
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Lindblad, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Styring, Stenbjörn
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Turning around the electron flow in an uptake hydrogenase. EPR spectroscopy and in vivo activity of a designed mutant in HupSL from Nostoc punctiforme2016Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 581-594Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The filamentous cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme ATCC 29133 produces hydrogen via nitrogenase in heterocysts upon onset of nitrogen-fixing conditions. N. punctiforme expresses concomitantly the uptake hydrogenase HupSL, which oxidizes hydrogen in an effort to recover some of the reducing power used up by nitrogenase. Eliminating uptake activity has been employed as a strategy for net hydrogen production in N. punctiforme (Lindberg et al., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2002, 27, 1291-1296). However, nitrogenase activity wanes within a few days. In the present work, we modify the proximal iron-sulfur cluster in the hydrogenase small subunit HupS by introducing the designed mutation C12P in the fusion protein f-HupS for expression in E. coli (Raleiras et al., J. Biol. Chem., 2013, 288, 18345-18352), and in the full HupSL enzyme for expression in N. punctiforme. C12P f-HupS was investigated by EPR spectroscopy and found to form a new paramagnetic species at the proximal cluster site consistent with a [4Fe-4S] to [3Fe-4S] cluster conversion. The new cluster has the features of an unprecedented mixed-coordination [3Fe-4S] metal center. The mutation was found to produce stable protein in vitro, in silico and in vivo. When C12P HupSL was expressed in N. punctiforme, the strain had a consistently higher hydrogen production than the background [capital Delta]hupSL mutant. We conclude that the increase in hydrogen production is due to the modification of the proximal iron-sulfur cluster in HupS, leading to a turn of the electron flow in the enzyme.

  • 24. Raleiras, Patrícia
    et al.
    Khanna, Namita
    Miranda, Hélder
    Mészáros, Lívia S.
    Krassen, Henning
    Felix, Ho
    Battchikova, Natalia
    Aro, Eva-Mari
    Magnuson, Ann
    Lindblad, Peter
    Stenbjörn, Styring
    Turning around the electron flow in an uptake hydrogenase. EPR spectroscopy and in vivo activity of a designed mutant in HupSL from Nostoc punctiforme2016Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, nr 9, s. 581-594Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Rehnlund, David
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Lindgren, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Böhme, Solveig
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Nordh, Tim
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Zou, Yiming
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Pettersson, Jean
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Analytisk kemi.
    Bexell, Ulf
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Technol & Business Studies Mat Technol, Falun, Sweden..
    Boman, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Edström, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Nyholm, Leif
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Oorganisk kemi.
    Lithium trapping in alloy forming electrodes and current collectors for lithium based batteries2017Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 10, nr 6, s. 1350-1357Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Significant capacity losses are generally seen for batteries containing high-capacity lithium alloy forming anode materials such as silicon, tin and aluminium. These losses are generally ascribed to a combination of volume expansion effects and irreversible electrolyte reduction reactions. Here, it is shown, based on e.g. elemental analyses of cycled electrodes, that the capacity losses for tin nanorod and silicon composite electrodes in fact involve diffusion controlled trapping of lithium in the electrodes. While an analogous effect is also demonstrated for copper, nickel and titanium current collectors, boron-doped diamond is shown to function as an effective lithium diffusion barrier. The present findings indicate that the durability of lithium based batteries can be improved significantly via proper electrode design or regeneration of the used electrodes.

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  • 26. Sa, Jacinto
    et al.
    Tagliabue, Giulia
    Friedli, Peter
    Szlachetko, Jakub
    Rittmann-Frank, Mercedes H.
    Santomauro, Fabio G.
    Milne, Christopher J.
    Sigg, Hans
    Direct observation of charge separation on Au localized surface plasmons2013Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 6, nr 12, s. 3584-3588Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 27.
    Somerville, James W.
    et al.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Sobkowiak, Adam
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Etteplan Sweden AB, SE-17154 Solna, Sweden.
    Tapia-Ruiz, Nuria
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Lancaster, Dept Chem, Lancaster, England.
    Billaud, Juliette
    Paul Scherrer Inst, Electrochem Lab, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland.
    Lozano, Juan G.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Univ Sevilla EPS US, Dept Ingn & Ciencia Mat & Transporte, Seville, Spain.
    House, Robert A.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Gallington, Leighanne C.
    Argonne Natl Lab, Adv Photon Source, Xray Sci Div, Argonne, IL 60439 USA.
    Ericsson, Tore
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström.
    Häggström, Lennart
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström.
    Roberts, Matthew R.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England.
    Maitra, Urmimala
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Justus Liebig Univ, Inst Phys Chem, Heinrich Buff Ring 17, D-35392 Giessen, Germany.
    Bruce, Peter G.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Mat, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PH, England;Faraday Inst, Quad One,Becquerel Ave,Harwell Campus, Didcot OX11 0RA, Oxon, England.
    Nature of the "Z"-phase in layered Na-ion battery cathodes2019Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 12, nr 7, s. 2223-2232Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Layered sodium transition metal oxides with the P2 structure, e.g. Na-2/3[Ni1/3Mn2/3]O-2, are regarded as candidates for Na-ion battery cathodes. On charging, extraction of Na destabilizes the P2 phase (ABBA oxide ion stacking) in which Na+ is in trigonal prismatic coordination, resulting in layer gliding and formation of an O2 phase (ABAC stacking) with octahedral coordination. However, many related compounds do not exhibit such a simple P2 to O2 transition but rather form a so called Z-phase. Substituting Ni by Fe in Na-2/3[Ni1/3Mn2/3]O-2 is attractive as it reduces cost. The Fe containing compounds, such as Na-2/3[Ni1/6Mn1/2Fe1/3]O-2, form a Z-phase when charged above 4.1 V vs. Na+/Na. By combining ex situ and operando X-ray diffraction with scanning transmission electron microscopy and simulated diffraction patterns, we demonstrate that the Z-phase is most accurately described as a continuously changing intergrowth structure which evolves from P2 to O2 through the OP4 structure as an intermediate. On charging, Na+ removal results in O-type stacking faults within the P2 structure which increase in proportion. At 50% O-type stacking faults, the ordered OP4 phase forms and on further charging more O-type stacking faults are formed progressing towards a pure O2 structure. This gives the superficial appearance of a solid solution. Furthermore, in contrast to some previous studies, we did not detect Fe migration at any state-of-charge using Fe-57-Mossbauer spectroscopy. It was, however, found that the Fe-substitution serves to disrupt cation ordering in the material.

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  • 28. Tian, Haining
    et al.
    Gabrielsson, Erik
    Lohse, Peter William
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Vlachopoulos, Nikolaos
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Kloo, Lars
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Sun, Licheng
    Development of an organic redox couple and organic dyes for aqueous dye-sensitized solar cells2012Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 5, nr 12, s. 9752-9755Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A water-soluble organic redox couple (TT-/DTT) and new organic dyes (D45 and D51) have been developed for aqueous dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). An optimal efficiency of 3.5% was obtained using the D51 dye and an optimized electrolyte composition. The highest IPCE value obtained was 68% at 460 nm.

  • 29.
    Tschierlei, Stefanie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap, Kemisk fysik.
    Ott, Sascha
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Lomoth, Reiner
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för fotokemi och molekylärvetenskap, Kemisk fysik.
    Spectroscopically characterized intermediates of catalytic H2 formation by [FeFe] hydrogenase models2011Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 4, nr 7, s. 2340-2352Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This review compiles species that are known or potential intermediates in the catalytic formation of H-2 by diiron dithiolate complexes inspired by the active site of the [FeFe] hydrogenases. The data collection emphasizes spectroscopic characteristics (NMR, IR, UV-Vis, EPR) of protonated and reduced derivatives of the iron complexes that could provide reference data to the identification of intermediates in mechanistic studies.

  • 30.
    Wegelius, Adam
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Khanna, Namita
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Esmieu, Charlene
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Barone, Giovanni Davide
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Pinto, Filipe
    Univ Porto, IBMC, I3S, P-4200135 Porto, Portugal;Univ Porto, Fac Ciencias, Dept Biol, P-4169007 Porto, Portugal;Univ Edinburgh, Sch Biol Sci, Edinburgh EH9 3FF, Midlothian, Scotland;Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Synthet & Syst Biol, Edinburgh EH9 3FF, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Tamagnini, Paula
    Univ Porto, IBMC, I3S, P-4200135 Porto, Portugal;Univ Porto, Fac Ciencias, Dept Biol, P-4169007 Porto, Portugal.
    Berggren, Gustav
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Lindblad, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Molekylär biomimetik.
    Generation of a functional, semisynthetic [FeFe]-hydrogenase in a photosynthetic microorganism2018Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 11, nr 11, s. 3163-3167Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    [FeFe]-Hydrogenases are hydrogen producing metalloenzymes with excellent catalytic capacities, highly relevant in the context of a future hydrogen economy. Here we demonstrate the synthetic activation of a heterologously expressed [FeFe]-hydrogenase in living cells of Synechocystis PCC 6803, a photoautotrophic microbial chassis with high potential for biotechnological energy applications. H-2-Evolution assays clearly show that the non-native, semi-synthetic enzyme links to the native metabolism in living cells.

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  • 31.
    Younesi, Reza
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Veith, Gabriel M.
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
    Johansson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Edström, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi.
    Vegge, Tejs
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Lithium salts for advanced lithium batteries: Li-metal, Li-O2, and Li-S2015Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 8, nr 7, s. 1905-1922Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Presently lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) is the dominant Li-salt used in commercial rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) based on a graphite anode and a 3-4 V cathode material. While LiPF6 is not the ideal Li-salt for every important electrolyte property, it has a uniquely suitable combination of properties (temperature range, passivation, conductivity, etc.) rendering it the overall best Li-salt for LIBs. However, this may not necessarily be true for other types of Li-based batteries. Indeed, next generation batteries, for example lithium-metal (Li-metal), lithium-oxygen (Li-O2), and lithium-sulfur (Li-S), require a re-evaluation of Li-salts due to the different electrochemical and chemical reactions and conditions within such cells. This review explores the critical role Li-salts play in ensuring in these batteries viability.

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    Lithium salts for advanced lithium batteries: Li–metal, Li–O2, and Li–S
  • 32.
    Zhang, Ming-Tian
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Nilsson, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Hammarström, Leif
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Bimolecular proton-coupled electron transfer from tryptophan with water as the proton acceptor2012Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 5, nr 7, s. 7732-7736Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) from amino acids with water as the primary proton acceptor is a fundamental model reaction of wide relevance. We have investigated the kinetics and mechanism of PCET from tryptophan derivatives to laser flashgenerated [Ru(bpy)(3)](3+) oxidants in aqueous solutions. The PCET reaction followed either a concerted electron-proton transfer (CEP) mechanism or a step-wise electron transfer-proton transfer (ETPT) mechanism, depending on pH and the identity of the Ru-III oxidant. The CEP reaction showed a pH-dependent rate constant, with an increase in log k(CEP\) of 0.3-0.5 per pH unit, and a significant kinetic isotope effect (KIE = 2-4), both in intramolecular and bimolecular model systems. Our results suggest that CEP with water as the proton acceptor is a general feature of amino acid oxidation, and provide further experimental observations towards a detailed understanding of the PCET process in water.

  • 33.
    Zhang, Xiaoliang
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Hägglund, Carl
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Fasta tillståndets elektronik.
    Johansson, Erik M.J.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Highly efficient, transparent and stable semitransparent colloidal quantum dot solar cells: a combined numerical modeling and experimental approach2017Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 216-224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Semitransparent solar cells (SSCs) can open new photovoltaic applications in many areas. However, because of the fundamental trade-off between optical transparency and photovoltaic efficiency, it is of special importance to minimize additional optical losses such as from reflectance and parasitic absorption. In this work, a semitransparent colloidal quantum dot solar cell (SCQDSC) with high efficiency, transparency and stability is investigated using a coupled theoretical and experimental approach. Extensive numerical simulations and experimental investigations are performed for optimizing the device transparency and efficiency simultaneously. The results show that the transparency and efficiency are largely enhanced as a result of lowering the optical losses in the SCQDSC, and the device exhibits a high efficiency of 7.3% with an average visible transmittance of 20.4%. Importantly, the SCQDSC exhibits very good stability under long term continuous illumination and the unencapsulated SCQDSCs show no large degradation in performance during storage for 70 days under ambient conditions. These findings suggest that the SCQDSC has high potential for applications, such as for building integrated photovoltaics, automobiles or screens. Moreover, this work also provides practical and quantitative guidelines for further enhancing the SSC performance.

  • 34.
    Zhang, Xiaoliang
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi. Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
    Öberg, Viktor A.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Du, Juan
    Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Liua, Jianhua
    Beihang Univ, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Johansson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Fysikalisk kemi.
    Extremely lightweight and ultra-flexible infrared light-converting quantum dot solar cells with high power-per-weight output using a solution-processed bending durable silver nanowire-based electrode2018Ingår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 354-364Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lightweight and flexible solar cells are highly interesting materials for use in new applications, such as spacecraft, aircraft and personal pack load. PbS colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) exhibit a broad and strong light absorption spectrum covering the ultraviolet-visible-near infrared region, allowing for incorporation of very thin CQD films into solar cells with high power conversion efficiency (PCE) from solar light to electricity. Herein, we report an extremely lightweight and ultra-flexible CQD solar cell constructed on a polyethylene naphthalate substrate with a thickness of 1.3 mu m. A solution-processed Ag nanowire network with excellent mechanical, optical and electrical properties was prepared as the front-electrode in the solar cell. The thickness of the complete CQD solar cell is less than 2 mm, and similar to 10% PCE with a weight of 6.5 g m(-2) is achieved, resulting in a power-per-weight output of 15.2 W g(-1). The flexible solar cell possesses durable mechanical properties and maintains high-level photovoltaic performance under extreme deformation and after repeated compression-stretching deformation. Moreover, the flexible CQD solar cell shows impressive stability both under continuous illumination and after storage under ambient conditions. These results reveal that solution-processed CQDs are compatible with an ultra-flexible substrate for the construction of ultra-lightweight infrared light-converting CQD solar cells with possibilities for new exciting solar energy applications.

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