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  • 1.
    Basu, Samar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Oxidativ stress och inflammation.
    Fatty acid oxidation and isoprostanes: oxidative strain and oxidative stress2010Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 82, nr 4-6, s. 219-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Oxidative stress is implicated as one of the key causes underlying many diseases. Free radicals are important constituents of basal physiology. Assessment of free radicals or the end products of their action has proved to be difficult. Consequently, authentication of the contribution of free radicals to physiology and pathology has usually been equivocal. Isoprostanes are biosynthesized in vivo, predominantly through free radical attack on arachidonic acid and are now regarded as robust biomarkers of oxidative stress in vivo. Isoprostanes are associated with many human diseases, and their concentration is altered over the course of normal human pregnancy, but their (patho)physiological roles have not yet been clearly defined. Measurement of F-2-isoprostanes in body fluids could offer a unique analytical opportunity to study the role of free radicals in physiology and pathophysiology in order to comprehend both oxidative strain and oxidative stress.

     

  • 2.
    Basu, Samar
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper.
    Vitamin E in relation to lipid peroxidation in experimental septic shock2000Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 62, nr 3, s. 195-199Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant balance in the body is a crucial factor in the pathophysiology of various diseases. This study investigates the circulatory alpha-tocopherol levels and its relationship with 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2alpha), a non-enzymatic and, 15-keto-13,14-dihydro-PGF2alpha (15-K-DH-PGF2alpha), a cyclooxygenase catalysed oxidation product of arachidonic acid in experimental septic shock in pigs. A steady decrease in alpha-tocopherol levels in plasma was observed in both survivor and non-survivor animals. A simultaneous increase of oxidative injury indicator, plasma 8-iso-PGF2alpha was seen in both groups but with a different fashion. 8-Iso-PGF2alpha levels increased steadily in the animals that died during the experiment. An early and rapid increase of plasma 15-K-DH-PGF2alpha, an inflammatory response indicator, was also observed in all animals. There was a significant difference in the kinetics of decrement of alpha-tocopherol levels and a concomitant increase in 15-K-DH-PGF2alpha levels among the non-survivors. Thus, a successive disappearance of circulatory vitamin E in conjunction with the surge of plasma isoprostanes and prostaglandins impairs the oxidant-antioxidant balance in favour of the former and may possibly have an effect on the survivality during experimental porcine septicaemia.

  • 3.
    Basu, Samar
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Oxidativ stress och inflammation.
    Harris, Holly
    Nutritional Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, .
    Wolk, Alicja
    Nutritional Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, .
    Rossary, Adrien
    Chaire d'Excellence Program, Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, Unité de Nutrition Humaine, CRNH-Auvergne, INRA-UDA, Clermont-Ferrand, France;.
    Caldefie-Chézet, Florence
    Chaire d'Excellence Program, Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, Unité de Nutrition Humaine, CRNH-Auvergne, INRA-UDA, Clermont-Ferrand, France;.
    Vasson, Marie-Paule
    Chaire d'Excellence Program, Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, Unité de Nutrition Humaine, CRNH-Auvergne, INRA-UDA, Clermont-Ferrand, France;.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Biokemisk struktur och funktion.
    Inflammatory F2-isoprostane, prostaglandin F2α, pentraxin 3 levels and breast cancer risk: The Swedish Mammography Cohort2016Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 113, s. 28-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is a common cancer among women. Identifying cellular participation of F2-isoprostane, prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) and pentraxin 3 (PTX3) in cancer we evaluated whether their prediagnostic systemic levels that originate from different inflammatory pathways were associated with breast cancer risk.

    METHODS: Seventy-eight breast cancer cases diagnosed after blood collection and 797 controls from the Swedish Mammography Cohort were analysed for urinary F2-isoprostane, PGF2α and plasma PTX3 levels.

    RESULTS: None of the biomarkers investigated were significantly associated with breast cancer risk. However, there was the suggestion of an inverse association with PTX3 with multivariable adjusted ORs (95% CI) of 0.56 (95% CI=0.29-1.06) and 0.67 (95% CI=0.35-1.28) for the second and third tertiles, respectively (ptrend=0.20). No associations were observed between F2-isoprostane (OR=0.87; 95% CI=0.48-1.57; ptrend=0.67) and PGF2α metabolite (OR=1.03; 95% CI=0.56-1.88; ptrend=0.91) comparing the top to bottom tertiles.

    CONCLUSIONS: The systemic levels of F2-isoprostane, PGF2α and PTX3 witnessed in women who later developed breast cancer may not provide prognostic information regarding tumor development in spite of their known involvement in situ cellular context. These observations may indicate that other mechanisms exist in controlling cellular formation of F2-isoprostane, PGF2α and PTX3 and their systemic availability in breast cancer patients.

  • 4.
    Basu, Samar
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk kemi. Univ Clermont Auvergne, Fac Pharm, Dept Biochem Mol Biol & Nutr, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont Ferrand, France..
    Kadiiska, Maria B.
    NIEHS, Immun Inflammat & Dis Lab, NIH, Res Triangle Pk, NC 27709 USA..
    Ozone exposure effect on systemic prostaglandin F-2 alpha in rat plasma and urine may not reveal pulmonary damage through inflammation2017Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 126, s. 79-83Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The acute ozone induced lung injury model has been widely used to explore injury and repair processes induced by oxidant overload. The current study evaluated acute ozone exposure effects on prostaglandin F-2 alpha (PGF(2 alpha)) in male Fischer rat plasma and urine with the hypothesis that ozone may induce an inflammatory response in the body that can be measured by the induction of PGF2 alpha. That might then lead to the identification of potential marker for acute lung injury through systemic inflammation. The time and dose-dependent effects of ozone exposure on the plasma and urinary levels of a major PGF(2 alpha) metabolite15-keto-dihydro-PGF(2 alpha) were determined using a radioimmunoassay. No statistically significant differences in the PGF(2 alpha) metabolite were found between the control and the experimental groups at either ozone exposure dose (2 ppm and 5 ppm) or any time point (2 h, 7 h and 16 h) post exposure for plasma and at 7 different post exposure time points (between 2 and 80 h) for urine. It is concluded that acute ozone exposure does not cause changes in plasma and urinary PGF(2 alpha), and therefore their measurement in plasma and urine may not be used to reveal pulmonary inflammation and damage by ozone.

  • 5.
    Basu, Samar
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Oxidativ stress och inflammation.
    Miclescu, Adriana
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Sharma, Hari Shanker
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Wiklund, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Propofol mitigates systemic oxidative injury during experimental cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation2011Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 84, nr 5-6, s. 123-130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Effects of propofol, an intravenous anesthetic agent that exerts potent antioxidant properties, were investigated in an experimental model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. An extended cardiac arrest with 15 randomized piglets was studied to assess the effect of propofol or its solvent intralipid as the control group. Oxidative stress (as measured by a major F(2)-isoprostane) and inflammation (a major metabolite of PGF(2α)) were evaluated in addition to the hemodynamic evaluation, protein S-100β and in situ tissue brain damage by immunochemistry at sacrifice after 3h of reperfusion following cardiac arrest and restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). ROSC increased jugular bulb plasma levels of F(2)-isoprostane and PGF(2α) metabolite significantly more in controls than in the propofol-treated group. In situ tissue damage after ischemia-reperfusion was variable among the pigs at sacrifice, but tended to be greater in the control than the propofol-treated group. Propofol significantly reduced an ROSC-mediated oxidative stress in the brain.

  • 6.
    Helmersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Vessby, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Basu, Samar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Cyclooxygenase-mediated prostaglandin F2alpha is decreased in an elderly population treated with low-dose aspirin2005Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 72, nr 4, s. 227-233Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Low-dose aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is used as prophylaxis against cardiovascular diseases. The effect of aspirin on inflammation and oxidative stress, processes known to be involved in cardiovascular diseases, are not fully known. Cyclooxygenase(COX)-mediated inflammatory indicator prostaglandin F2alpha(PGF2alpha (15-keto-dihydro-PGF2alpha), cytokine-mediated inflammatory indicators (interleukin-6, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A protein), and oxidative stress indicators (8-iso-PGF2alpha, tocopherols) were quantified in men with daily 75 mg of aspirin (n = 175) and control men (n = 464), all of age 77, in a cross-sectional study. Men treated with aspirin had decreased levels of urinary 15-keto-dihydro-PGF2alpha than controls (P < 0.01), independent of possible cardiovascular risk factors. Aspirin-treated men had increased levels of alpha-tocopherol than controls (P<0.05). This is the first study to indicate that low-dose aspirin treatment is associated with decreased levels of PGF2alpha. This observation suggests a possible COX-mediated anti-inflammatory effect of low-dose aspirin, which should be further confirmed by intervention studies.

  • 7.
    Helmersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Oxidativ stress och inflammation.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Axelsson, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Basu, Samar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Oxidativ stress och inflammation.
    A polymorphism in the cyclooxygenase 1 gene is associated with decreased inflammatory prostaglandin F2alpha formation and lower risk of cardiovascular disease2009Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 80, nr 1, s. 51-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the impact of genetic variation in the cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) gene on formation of the vasoconstrictive, pro-inflammatory prostaglandin F(2)(alpha) (PGF(2)(alpha)) and development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We determined COX-1 genotypes, PGF(2)(alpha) formation and CVD prevalence in a Swedish cohort of 809 men at age 77 years. Of these, 237 had a history of CVD according to the registry data. Four of nine COX-1 single nucleotide polymorphisms were associated with altered formation of PGF(2)(alpha) (P<0.05). Two COX-1 gene variants (rs10306135 and rs883484) remained significantly associated with altered PGF(2)(alpha) formation after adjusted significance level for multiple testing (alpha-level=0.0059). Furthermore, individuals homozygote for the variant allele rs10306135 had lower prevalence of CVD, compared to the common allele (0% versus 30%, P=0.0047). In conclusion, subjects homozygote for the variant allele of a COX-1 gene polymorphism represent a subpopulation of men with decreased PGF(2)(alpha) formation and lower prevalence of CVD.

  • 8.
    Helmersson-Karlqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk kemi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Oxidativ stress och inflammation.
    Miles, Elizabeth A
    Vlachava, Maria
    Kremmyda, Lefkothea-Stella
    Noakes, Paul S
    Diaper, Norma D
    Godfrey, Keith M
    Calder, Philip C
    Basu, Samar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Oxidativ stress och inflammation.
    Enhanced prostaglandin F(2α) formation in human pregnancy and the effect of increased oily fish intake: Results from the Salmon in Pregnancy Study2012Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 86, nr 1-2, s. 35-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Oily fish intake during pregnancy may reduce the risk of allergic diseases in infancy possibly by shifts in the fatty acid balance and subsequent altered prostaglandin (PG) formation. This intervention is the first study to evaluate if increased oily fish intake affects in vivo PGF(2α) formation during pregnancy. British pregnant women were randomised to two portions of farmed salmon weekly (n=47), or maintenance of their normal diet low in fish (n=41), from pregnancy week 20 until parturition. The concentrations of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in plasma phosphatidylcholine (PC) were higher and the concentration of arachidonic acid in plasma PC was lower in the salmon group than the control group at weeks 34 and 38 of pregnancy. PGF(2α) formation was evaluated by urinary measurement of 15-keto-dihydro-PGF(2α), a major PGF(2α) metabolite, at 20, 34 and 38 weeks. In both the salmon and control groups urinary 15-keto-dihydro-PGF(2α) concentrations increased significantly during pregnancy, which may be of physiological importance. Oily fish intervention altered fatty acid concentrations but did not affect urinary 15-keto-dihydro-PGF(2α) concentrations in pregnant women.

  • 9.
    Jonasson, Sofia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk fysiologi.
    Hjoberg, Josephine
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk fysiologi.
    Hedenstierna, Göran
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk fysiologi.
    Basu, Samar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Oxidativ stress och inflammation.
    Allergen-induced formation of F2-isoprostanes in a murine asthma model identifies oxidative stress in acute airway inflammation in vivo2009Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 80, nr 1, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    F2-isoprostanes have been associated with various forms of oxidant stress. The levels of F2-isoprostanes in a murine asthma model were studied both in situ and in vivo and further investigated whether the formation of F2-isoprostanes was associated with increased ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway inflammation after a 17-day (OVA-17) or a 24-day (OVA-24) protocol. Bronchial reactivity was assessed by using a ventilator (FlexiVent). OVA-treated animals had higher lung resistance and lung compliance compared to control groups (P<0.001). 8-Iso-PGF2α levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and 8-iso-PGF2α immunoreactivity in lung tissue were analyzed. OVA-17 mice showed a 2.5-fold increased level of 8-iso-PGF2α in BAL compared to PBS-17 mice (P=0.023). Lung tissue from OVA-24 mice had more intense 8-iso-PGF2α staining compared to OVA-17 mice. This study showed an accumulation of F2-isoprostanes in acute airway inflammation and a markedly increased tissue damage caused by oxidative stress in an ongoing inflammation.

  • 10.
    Lipcsey, Miklós
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Söderberg, Ewa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Basu, Samar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk kemi.
    Sjölin, Jan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Infektionssjukdomar.
    Aström, Mikael
    Eriksson, Mats B.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    F2-isoprostane, inflammation, cardiac function and oxygenation in the endotoxaemic pig2008Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 78, nr 3, s. 209-217Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Prostaglandins are profoundly involved in endotoxaemic shock. Twenty pigs were given endotoxin at various doses (0.063-16 microg kg(-1) h(-1)). Three non-endotoxaemic pigs served as controls. Two eicosanoids were measured in plasma (8-iso-PGF(2alpha), a free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation product, and 15-keto-dihydro-PGF(2alpha) a major metabolite of COX activity) and evaluated against the pathophysiological responses that occur during endotoxaemic shock. Endotoxin mediates an increase in both 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) and 15-keto-dihydro-PGF(2alpha). An increase in the endotoxin dose induced significant log-linear responses in 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) and 15-keto-dihydro-PGF(2alpha). Oxidative injury correlated to the TNF-alpha, IL-6, reductions in cardiac performance and to oxygen delivery and utilisation. COX-mediated inflammatory responses correlated to TNF-alpha, IL-6 and to reductions in arterial oxygen tension. Thus, oxidative injury and COX-mediated inflammation play a central role in the manifestation of endotoxaemic shock. Furthermore, formation of these eicosanoids on endotoxin-mediated alterations in pulmonary hypertension, oxygen delivery and oxygen utilisation seems to be independent of the administered endotoxin dose.

  • 11.
    Mutanen, Marja
    et al.
    Univ Helsinki, Div Nutr, Dept Food & Environm Sci, POB 66, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Freese, Riitta
    Univ Helsinki, Div Nutr, Dept Food & Environm Sci, POB 66, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Vessby, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Korkalo, Liisa
    Univ Helsinki, Div Nutr, Dept Food & Environm Sci, POB 66, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Selvester, Kerry
    Nutr & Food Secur Assoc ANSA, Maputo, Mozambique..
    Kulathinal, Sangita
    Univ Helsinki, Div Nutr, Dept Food & Environm Sci, POB 66, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland..
    Determinants of plasma phospholipid arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids among adolescent girls in central Mozambique - possible roles of iron and zinc2016Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 115, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored if linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) will be efficiently converted to arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the adolescent girls (aged 15-18 years, n=145) in Mozambique consuming habitually low fat diet and if low iron and/or zinc status predicts the conversion. Total fat, LA and ALA intakes were 15-19%, 1.2-3.5% and 0.2-0.3% of energy, respectively in three areas. Iron and zinc intake varied between 9.6-12.3 mg/day and 3.6-5.0 mg/day. Significant negative association of plasma AA was found with plasma LA and ALA and significant positive association with serum ferritin. Plasma DHA associated, negatively with plasma LA and ALA. We showed that in a population with low intakes of LA and ALA, the proportions of phospholipid LA and ALA determines the relative proportions of AA and DHA and low iron status probably attenuates the conversion of LA to AA.

  • 12.
    Nilsson, Björn M
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Ulleråker, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Hultman, Christina M
    Wiesel, Fritz-Axel
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Ulleråker, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Niacin skin-flush response and electrodermal activity in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls2006Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 74, nr 5, s. 339-346Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with schizophrenia have in different studies shown reduced niacin sensitivity and lower electrodermal activity (EDA) after auditory stimulation. Peripheral mediation of prostaglandins may have a physiological role in both responses. This motivates study of both niacin response and electrodermal responding in the same patients with schizophrenia. Thirty patients with schizophrenia and 17 controls were investigated with EDA and thereafter given 200 mg niacin orally with continuous assessment of skin temperature. The patients showed a delayed temperature increase after niacin ingestion (P = 0.002) and a higher frequency of electrodermal non-responding (P < 0.05). Response/non-response for niacin correlated with EDA response/non-response in the patient group (P = 0.009). The niacin test revealed a slower vasodilation reaction in the patients. The association between response patterns for the niacin test and EDA suggests that a common aberration in skin physiology may be of importance for both reactions in schizophrenia.

  • 13.
    Nilsson, Björn Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Hultman, Christina
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Test-retest stability of the oral niacin test and electrodermal activity in patients with schizophrenia2009Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 81, nr 5-6, s. 367-372Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In schizophrenia, well-replicated findings support an attenuated niacin skin-flush response. We have previously reported a delayed skin-flush after niacin ingestion and also an association between niacin non-responding and electrodermal non-responding in schizophrenia. The stability of the niacin and electrodermal tests was now studied in a test-retest design. An additional aim was to assess the association previously found. Twenty-three patients with schizophrenia underwent two sessions 3 months apart during which an oral niacin test was conducted and electrodermal activity was measured. Despite similar values for niacin outcome variables at the group level, there was high intraindividual variation. Test-retest stability for the oral niacin test was thus low, although a trend toward correlation for the dichotomous response criterion was found. Most electrodermal measures correlated between baseline and retest. A significant association between the tests was again found; niacin non-responding implied electrodermal non-responding, providing further support for a common underlying aberration in schizophrenia.

  • 14.
    Nilsson, Björn Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap.
    Hultman, Christina
    Wiesel, Frits-Axel
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap.
    Niacin response and electrodermal activity in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls2006Inngår i: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, ISSN 0952-3278, E-ISSN 1532-2823, Vol. 74, nr 5, s. 339-346Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with schizophrenia have in different studies shown reduced niacin sensitivity and lower electrodermal activity (EDA) after auditory stimulation. Peripheral mediation of prostaglandins may have a physiological role in both responses. This motivates study of both niacin response and electrodermal responding in the same patients with schizophrenia. Thirty patients with schizophrenia and 17 controls were investigated with EDA and thereafter given 200mg niacin orally with continuous assessment of skin temperature. The patients showed a delayed temperature increase after niacin ingestion (P=0.002) and a higher frequency of electrodermal non-responding (P<0.05). Response/non-response for niacin correlated with EDA response/non-response in the patient group (P=0.009). The niacin test revealed a slower vasodilation reaction in the patients. The association between response patterns for the niacin test and EDA suggests that a common aberration in skin physiology may be of importance for both reactions in schizophrenia.

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