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  • 1.
    Ferdous, Md Ruknul
    et al.
    IHE Delft Inst Water Educ, Dept Integrated Water Syst & Governance, NL-2611 AX Delft, Netherlands;Univ Amsterdam, Fac Social & Behav Sci, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Wesselink, Anna
    IHE Delft Inst Water Educ, Dept Integrated Water Syst & Governance, NL-2611 AX Delft, Netherlands.
    Brandimarte, Luigia
    KTH, Dept Sustainable Dev Environm Sci & Engn, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Slager, Kymo
    Deltares, NL-2600 MH Delft, Netherlands.
    Zwarteveen, Margreet
    IHE Delft Inst Water Educ, Dept Integrated Water Syst & Governance, NL-2611 AX Delft, Netherlands;Univ Amsterdam, Fac Social & Behav Sci, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Di Baldassarre, Giuliano
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Luft-, vatten och landskapslära. IHE Delft Inst Water Educ, Dept Integrated Water Syst & Governance, NL-2611 AX Delft, Netherlands;CNDS, Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci, SE-75236 Uppsala, Sweden.
    The Costs of Living with Floods in the Jamuna Floodplain in Bangladesh2019Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 11, nr 6, artikel-id 1238Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Bangladeshi people use multiple strategies to live with flooding events and associated riverbank erosion. They relocate, evacuate their homes temporarily, change cropping patterns, and supplement their income from migrating household members. In this way, they can reduce the negative impact of floods on their livelihoods. However, these societal responses also have negative outcomes, such as impoverishment. This research collects quantitative household data and analyzes changes of livelihood conditions over recent decades in a large floodplain area in north-west Bangladesh. It is found that while residents cope with flooding events, they do not achieve successful adaptation. With every flooding, people lose income and assets, which they can only partially recover. As such, they are getting poorer, and therefore less able to make structural adjustments that would allow adaptation in the longer term.

  • 2. Ferrero, G.
    et al.
    Bichai, F.
    Rusca, Maria
    King’s College London, Department of Geography, The Strand, London UK.
    Experiential learning through role-playing: Enhancing stakeholder collaboration in water safety plans2018Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 10, nr 2, artikel-id 227Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Jaramillo, Fernando
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Balt Sea Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Desormeaux, Amanda
    Univ Florida, Soil & Water Sci Dept, McCarty Hall, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    Hedlund, Johanna
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jawitz, James W.
    Univ Florida, Soil & Water Sci Dept, McCarty Hall, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    Clerici, Nicola
    Univ Rosario, Fac Nat Sci & Math, Biol Program, , Bogota, Colombia.
    Piemontese, Luigi
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Alexandra Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Jenny
    Inst Invest Marinas & Costeras Colombia Jose Beni, Santa Marta, Colombia.
    Adolfo Anaya, Jesus
    Univ Medellin, Fac Ingn, Carrera, Medellin, Colombia.
    Blanco-Libreros, Juan F.
    Univ Antioquia, Inst Biol, Medellin, Colombia.
    Borja, Sonia
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Celi, Jorge
    Univ Reg Amazon IKIAM, Grp Invest Recursos Hidricos & Acuat, Atacapi, Ecuador.
    Chalov, Sergey
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Fac Geogr, Moscow, Russia; Kazimierz Wielki Univ, Inst Geog, Bydgoszcz, Poland.
    Chun, Kwok Pan
    Hong Kong Baptist Univ, Dept Geog, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Cresso, Matilda
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Destouni, Georgia
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dessu, Shimelis Behailu
    Florida Int Univ, Southeast Environm Res Ctr, Miami, FL, USA.
    Di Baldassarre, Giuliano
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Luft-, vatten och landskapslära.
    Downing, Andrea
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Espinosa, Luisa
    Inst Invest Marinas & Costeras Colombia Jose Beni, Santa Marta, Colombia.
    Ghajarnia, Navid
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Girard, Pierre
    Univ Fed Mato Grosso UFMT, Dept Botan & Ecol, Cuiaba, MT, Brazil; Ctr Pesquisa Pantanal, Cuiaba, MT, Brazil.
    Gutierrez, Alvaro G.
    Univ Chile, Fac Ciencias Agron, Dept Ciencias Ambient & Recursos Nat Renovables, Santiago, Chile.
    Hansen, Amy
    Univ Kansas, Civil Environm & Architectural Engn Dept, Lawrence, KS, USA.
    Hu, Tengfei
    Nanjing Hydraul Res Inst, Hydrol & Water Resources Dept, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Jarsjo, Jerker
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kalantary, Zahra
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Labbaci, Adnane
    Ibn Zohr Univ, Fac Sci, Agadir, Morocco.
    Licero-Villanueva, Lucia
    Inst Invest Marinas & Costeras Colombia Jose Beni, Santa Marta, Colombia.
    Livsey, John
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Machotka, Ewa
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Asian Middle Eastern & Turkish Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.
    McCurley, Kathryn
    Univ Florida, Soil & Water Sci Dept, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    Palomino-Angel, Sebastian
    Univ Medellin, Fac Ingn, Carrera, Medellin, Colombia.
    Pietron, Jan
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Price, Rene
    Florida Int Univ, Southeast Environm Res Ctr, Miami, FL, USA.
    Ramchunder, Sorain J.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Geog Dept, Singapore, Singapore.
    Ricaurte-Villota, Constanza
    Inst Invest Marinas & Costeras Colombia Jose Beni, Santa Marta, Colombia.
    Ricaurte, Luisa Fernanda
    Independent consultant, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Dahir, Lula
    Independent consultant, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rodriguez, Erasmo
    Univ Nacl Colombia, Civil & Agr Dept, Bogota, Colombia.
    Salgado, Jorge
    Univ Los Andes, Dept Ciencias Biol, Grp Palinol & Paleoecol Trop, Bogota, Colombia; Univ Catolica Colombia, Bogota, Colombia.
    Sannel, A. Britta K.
    Univ Florida, Soil & Water Sci Dept, McCarty Hall, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    Carolina Santos, Ana
    Inst Invest Recursos Biol Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    Seifollahi-Aghmiuni, Samaneh
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjoberg, Ylva
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sun, Lian
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden; Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Environm, State Key Lab Water Environm Simulat, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Thorslund, Josefin
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vigouroux, Guillaume
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wang-Erlandsson, Lan
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Xu, Diandian
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden; Hohai Univ, Coll Water Conservancy & Hydropower Engn, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
    Zamora, David
    Univ Nacl Colombia, Civil & Agr Dept, Bogota, Colombia.
    Ziegler, Alan D.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Geog Dept, Singapore, Singapore.
    Ahlen, Imenne
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Priorities and Interactions of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with Focus on Wetlands2019Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 11, nr 3, artikel-id 619Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Wetlands are often vital physical and social components of a country’s natural capital, as well as providers of ecosystem services to local and national communities. We performed a network analysis to prioritize Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets for sustainable development in iconic wetlands and wetlandscapes around the world. The analysis was based on the information and perceptions on 45 wetlandscapes worldwide by 49 wetland researchers of the Global Wetland Ecohydrological Network (GWEN). We identified three 2030 Agenda targets of high priority across the wetlandscapes needed to achieve sustainable development: Target 6.3—“Improve water quality”; 2.4—“Sustainable food production”; and 12.2—“Sustainable management of resources”. Moreover, we found specific feedback mechanisms and synergies between SDG targets in the context of wetlands. The most consistent reinforcing interactions were the influence of Target 12.2 on 8.4—“Efficient resource consumption”; and that of Target 6.3 on 12.2. The wetlandscapes could be differentiated in four bundles of distinctive priority SDG-targets: “Basic human needs”, “Sustainable tourism”, “Environmental impact in urban wetlands”, and “Improving and conserving environment”. In general, we find that the SDG groups, targets, and interactions stress that maintaining good water quality and a “wise use” of wetlandscapes are vital to attaining sustainable development within these sensitive ecosystems.

  • 4.
    Mbanguka, René P.
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lyon, Steve W.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Holmgren, Karin
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Dev, Box 7012, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Girons Lopez, Marc
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Luft-, vatten och landskapslära.
    Jarsjö, Jerker
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Water Balance and Level Change of Lake Babati, Tanzania: Sensitivity to Hydroclimatic Forcings2016Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 8, nr 12, artikel-id 572Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop and present a novel integrated water balance model that accounts for lake watergroundwater interactions, and apply it to the semi-closed freshwater Lake Babati system, Northern Tanzania, East Africa. The model was calibrated and used to evaluate the lake level sensitivity to changes in key hydro-climatic variables such as temperature, precipitation, humidity and cloudiness. The lake response to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) output on possible future climate outcomes was evaluated, an essential basis in understanding future water security and flooding risk in the region. Results show high lake level sensitivity to cloudiness. Increased focus on cloud fraction measurement and interpretation could likely improve projections of lake levels and surface water availability. Modelled divergent results on the future (21st century) development of Lake Babati can be explained by the precipitation output variability of CMIP5 models being comparable to the precipitation change needed to drive the water balance model from lake dry-out to overflow; this condition is likely shared with many other East African lake systems. The developed methodology could be useful in investigations on change-driving processes in complex climatedrainage basinlake systems, which are needed to support sustainable water resource planning in data scarce tropical Africa.

  • 5.
    Melo Zurita, Maria de Lourdes
    et al.
    Univ Sydney, Sch Geosci, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.
    Thomsen, Dana C.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld, Australia; Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON, Canada.
    Holbrook, Neil J.
    Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine & Antarctic Studies, Battery Point , Australia.
    Smith, Timothy F.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld, Australia; Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON, Canada.
    Lyth, Anna
    Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld, Australia.
    Munro, Paul G.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Humanities & Languages, Kensington, NSW , Australia.
    de Bruin, Annemarieke
    Univ York, Stockholm Environm Inst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England..
    Seddaiu, Giovanna
    Univ Sassari, Desertificat Res Ctr, Viale Italia 39, I-07100 Sassari, Italy.;Univ Sassari, Dept Agr Sci, Viale Italia 39, I-07100 Sassari, Italy..
    Roggero, Pier Paolo
    Univ Sassari, Desertificat Res Ctr, Viale Italia 39, I-07100 Sassari, Italy.;Univ Sassari, Dept Agr Sci, Viale Italia 39, I-07100 Sassari, Italy..
    Baird, Julia
    Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada..
    Plummer, Ryan
    Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld 4556, Australia.;Brock Univ, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, St Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada.;Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bullock, Ryan
    Univ Winnipeg, Dept Environm Studies & Sci, Winnipeg, MB R3B 2E9, Canada..
    Collins, Kevin
    Open Univ, Dept Engn & Innovat, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, Bucks, England.
    Powell, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, SWEDESD - Internationellt center för lärande för hållbar utveckling. Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld 4556, Australia.
    Global Water Governance and Climate Change: Identifying Innovative Arrangements for Adaptive Transformation2018Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikel-id 29Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A convoluted network of different water governance systems exists around the world. Collectively, these systems provide insight into how to build sustainable regimes of water use and management. We argue that the challenge is not to make the system less convoluted, but rather to support positive and promising trends in governance, creating a vision for future environmental outcomes. In this paper, we analyse nine water case studies from around the world to help identify potential innovative arrangements' for addressing existing dilemmas. We argue that such arrangements can be used as a catalyst for crafting new global water governance futures. The nine case studies were selected for their diversity in terms of location, scale and water dilemma, and through an examination of their contexts, structures and processes we identify key themes to consider in the milieu of adaptive transformation. These themes include the importance of acknowledging socio-ecological entanglements, understanding the political dimensions of environmental dilemmas, the recognition of different constructions of the dillema, and the importance of democratized processes.

  • 6.
    Powell, Neil
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala. Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld 4558, Australia..
    Larsen, Rasmus Klocker
    SEI, S-11523 Stockholm, Sweden..
    de Bruin, Annemarieke
    Univ York, Stockholm Environm Inst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England..
    Powell, Stina
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Dev, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Elrick-Barr, Carmen
    Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld 4558, Australia..
    Water Security in Times of Climate Change and Intractability: Reconciling Conflict by Transforming Security Concerns into Equity Concerns2017Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 9, nr 12, artikel-id 934Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers how to achieve equitable water governance and the flow-on effects it has in terms of supporting sustainable development, drawing on case studies from the international climate change adaptation and governance project (CADWAGO). Water governance, like many other global issues, is becoming increasingly intractable (wicked) with climate change and is, by the international community, being linked to instances of threats to human security, the war in the Sudanese Darfur and more recently the acts of terrorism perpetuated by ISIS. In this paper, we ask the question: how can situations characterized by water controversy (exacerbated by the uncertainties posed by climate change) be reconciled? The main argument is based on a critique of the way the water security discourse appropriates expert (normal) claims about human-biophysical relationships. When water challenges become increasingly securitized by the climate change discourse it becomes permissible to enact processes that legitimately transgress normative positions through post-normal actions. In contrast, the water equity discourse offers an alternative reading of wicked and post-normal water governance situations. We contend that by infusing norm critical considerations into the process of securitization, new sub-national constellations of agents will be empowered to enact changes; thereby bypassing vicious cycles of power brokering that characterize contemporary processes intended to address controversies.

  • 7.
    Ridolfi, Elena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Luft-, vatten och landskapslära. CNDS, Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci, S-75236 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Di Francesco, Silvia
    Niccolo Cusano Univ, I-00166 Rome, Italy.
    Pandolfo, Claudia
    Ctr Funz Reg Umbria CFD, I-06034 Foligno, Italy.
    Berni, Nicola
    Ctr Funz Reg Umbria CFD, I-06034 Foligno, Italy.
    Biscarini, Chiara
    Univ Foreigners Perugia, UNESCO Chair Water Resources Management & Culture, I-06123 Perugia, Italy.
    Manciola, Piergiorgio
    Univ Perugia, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, I-06125 Perugia, Italy.
    Coping with Extreme Events: Effect of Different Reservoir Operation Strategies on Flood Inundation Maps2019Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 11, nr 5, artikel-id 982Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The need of addressing residual flood risk associated with structural protection measures, such as levee systems and flood-control reservoirs, has fostered actions aimed at increasing flood risk awareness. Structural measures have lowered risk perception by inducing a false sense of safety. As a result, these structures contribute to an underestimation of the residual risk. We analyze the effect of different reservoir operations, such as coping with drought versus coping with flood events, on flood inundation patterns. First, a hydrological model simulates different scenarios, which represent the dam regulation strategies. Each regulation strategy is the combination of an opening of the outlet gate and of the initial water level in the reservoir. Second, the corresponding outputs of the dam in terms of maximum discharge values are estimated. Then, in turn, each output of the dam is used as an upstream boundary condition of a hydraulic model used to simulate the flood propagation and the inundation processes in the river reach. The hydraulic model is thus used to determine the effect, in terms of inundated areas, of each dam regulation scenario. Finally, the ensemble of all flood inundation maps is built to define the areas more prone to be flooded. The test site is the Casanuova dam (Umbria, central Italy) which aims at: (i) mitigating floods occurring at the Chiascio River, one of the main tributaries of Tiber River, while (ii) providing water supply for irrigation. Because of these two competitive interests, the understanding of different scenarios generated by the dam operations offers an unique support to flood mitigation strategies. Results can lead to draw interesting remarks for a wide number of case studies.

  • 8. Vis, Marc
    et al.
    Knight, Rodney
    Pool, Sandra
    Wolfe, William
    Seibert, Jan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Luft-, vatten och landskapslära.
    Model Calibration Criteria for Estimating Ecological Flow Characteristics2015Ingår i: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 7, nr 5, s. 2358-2381Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantification of streamflow characteristics in ungauged catchments remains a challenge. Hydrological modeling is often used to derive flow time series and to calculate streamflow characteristics for subsequent applications that may differ from those envisioned by the modelers. While the estimation of model parameters for ungauged catchments is a challenging research task in itself, it is important to evaluate whether simulated time series preserve critical aspects of the streamflow hydrograph. To address this question, seven calibration objective functions were evaluated for their ability to preserve ecologically relevant streamflow characteristics of the average annual hydrograph using a runoff model, HBV-light, at 27 catchments in the southeastern United States. Calibration trials were repeated 100 times to reduce parameter uncertainty effects on the results, and 12 ecological flow characteristics were computed for comparison. Our results showed that the most suitable calibration strategy varied according to streamflow characteristic. Combined objective functions generally gave the best results, though a clear underprediction bias was observed. The occurrence of low prediction errors for certain combinations of objective function and flow characteristic suggests that (1) incorporating multiple ecological flow characteristics into a single objective function would increase model accuracy, potentially benefitting decision-making processes; and (2) there may be a need to have different objective functions available to address specific applications of the predicted time series.

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