uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
123 1 - 50 of 132
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1. Adesso, Gerardo
    et al.
    Ericsson, Marie
    Centre for Quantum Computation, DAMTP, University of Cambridge, UK.
    Entanglement in Gaussian matrix-product states2006In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 74, no 3, p. 030305(R)-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gaussian matrix product states are obtained as the outputs of projection operations from an ancillary space of M infinitely entangled bonds connecting neighboring sites, applied at each of N sites of an harmonic chain. Replacing the projections by associated Gaussian states, the 'building blocks', we show that the entanglement range in translationally-invariant Gaussian matrix product states depends on how entangled the building blocks are. In particular, infinite entanglement in the building blocks produces fully symmetric Gaussian states with maximum entanglement range. From their peculiar properties of entanglement sharing, a basic difference with spin chains is revealed: Gaussian matrix product states can possess unlimited, long-range entanglement even with minimum number of ancillary bonds (M=1). Finally we discuss how these states can be experimentally engineered from N copies of a three-mode building block and N two-mode finitely squeezed states.

  • 2. Adesso, Gerardo
    et al.
    Ericsson, Marie
    Centre for Quantum Computation, DAMTP, University of Cambridge, UK.
    Illuminati, Fabrizio
    Coexistence of unlimited bipartite and genuine multipartite entanglement: Promiscuous quantum correlations arising from discrete to continuous variable systems2007In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 022315-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantum mechanics imposes 'monogamy' constraints on the sharing of entanglement. We show that, despite these limitations, entanglement can be fully 'promiscuous', i.e. simultaneously present in unlimited two-body and many-body forms in states living in an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space. Monogamy just bounds the divergence rate of the various entanglement contributions. This is demonstrated in simple families of N-mode (N >= 4) Gaussian states of light fields or atomic ensembles, which therefore enable infinitely more freedom in the distribution of information, as opposed to systems of individual qubits. Such a finding is of importance for the quantification, understanding and potential exploitation of shared quantum correlations in continuous variable systems. We discuss how promiscuity gradually arises when considering simple families of discrete variable states, with increasing Hilbert space dimension towards the continuous variable limit. Such models are somehow analogous to Gaussian states with asymptotically diverging, but finite squeezing. In this respect, we find that non-Gaussian states (which in general are more entangled than Gaussian states), exhibit also the interesting feature that their entanglement is more shareable: in the non-Gaussian multipartite arena, unlimited promiscuity can be already achieved among three entangled parties, while this is impossible for Gaussian, even infinitely squeezed states.

  • 3.
    Adesso, Gerardo
    et al.
    Dipartimento di Fisica “E. R. Caianiello”, Universit`a degli Studi di Salerno, Baronissi, Italy.
    Fuentes-Schuller, Ivette
    Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Aut´onoma de M´exico, Mexico.
    Ericsson, Marie
    Centre for Quantum Computation, DAMTP, University of Cambridge, UK.
    Continuous variable entanglement sharing in noninertial frames2007In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 76, no 6, p. 062112-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the distribution of entanglement between modes of a free scalar field from the perspective of observers in uniform acceleration. We consider a two-mode squeezed state of the field from an inertial perspective, and analytically study the degradation of entanglement due to the Unruh effect, in the cases of either one or both observers undergoing uniform acceleration. We find that for two observers undergoing finite acceleration, the entanglement vanishes between the lowest frequency modes. The loss of entanglement is precisely explained as a redistribution of the inertial entanglement into multipartite quantum correlations among accessible and unaccessible modes from a non-inertial perspective. We show that classical correlations are also lost from the perspective of two accelerated observers but conserved if one of the observers remains inertial.

  • 4.
    Ahufinger, V.
    et al.
    Grup d’Òptica, Departament de Física, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Belaterra, Barcelona, Spain;Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany.
    Sanchez-Palencia, L.
    Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany;Laboratoire Charles Fabry, Institut d’Optique Théorique et Appliquée, Université Paris-Sud XI, F-91403 Orsay Cedex, France.
    Kantian, A.
    Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany;Institut für Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation der Österreichischen, Akademie der Wissenschaften, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria;Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
    Sanpera, A.
    Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany;Grup de Física Teòrica, Departament de Física, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Belaterra, Barcelona, Spain.
    Lewenstein, M.
    Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hannover, D-30167 Hannover, Germany;Institut de Ciències Fotòniques, E-08034 Barcelona, Spain.
    Disordered ultracold atomic gases in optical lattices: A case study of Fermi-Bose mixtures2005In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 72, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a review of properties of ultracold atomic Fermi-Bose mixtures in inhomogeneous and random optical lattices. In the strong interacting limit and at very low temperatures, fermions form, together with bosons or bosonic holes, composite fermions. Composite fermions behave as a spinless interacting Fermi gas, and in the presence of local disorder they interact via random couplings and feel effective random local potential. This opens a wide variety of possibilities of realizing various kinds of ultracold quantum disordered systems. In this paper we review these possibilities, discuss the accessible quantum disordered phases, and methods for their detection. The discussed quantum phases include Fermi glasses, quantum spin glasses, “dirty” superfluids, disordered metallic phases, and phases involving quantum percolation.

  • 5. Andersson, E.
    et al.
    Linusson, P.
    Fritzsche, S.
    Hedin, Lage
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Eland, John H. D.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Rubensson, Jan-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Feifel, Raimund
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Formation of Kr3+ via core-valence doubly ionized intermediate states2012In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 85, no 3, p. 032502-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The time-of-flight photoelectron-photoion coincidence technique has been used to study single-photon 3d(9)4p(5) core-valence double ionization of Kr and subsequent Auger decay to triply charged states associated with the 4s(2)4p(3) and 4s(1)4p(4) configurations. The photon energy used was h nu = 150 eV. Multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock calculations were performed both for the doubly ionized intermediate states and the triply ionized final states. The intermediate states of Kr2+ are observed between 120 and 125 eV, whereas the final states of Kr3+ are observed between 74- and 120-eV ionization energy. Assignments of all structures are made based on the present numerical results. The calculated Auger rates give a detailed explanation of the relative line strengths observed.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Egil
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Fritzsche, Stephan
    Linusson, Per
    Hedin, Lage
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Eland, John H. D.
    Rubensson, Jan-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Feifel, Raimund
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Multielectron coincidence study of the double Auger decay of 3d-ionized krypton2010In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 82, no 4, p. 043418-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multielectron coincidence data for triple ionization of krypton have been recorded above the 3d ionization threshold at two photon energies (140 and 150 eV). Three principal transition pathways have been observed, two involving double Auger transitions from Kr+, and one involving single Auger transitions from Kr2+ created by direct single-photon double ionization. The decay of the 3d(9) D-2(5/2,3/2) states in Kr+ has been analyzed in some detail and is found to be strongly dominated by cascade processes where two electrons with well-defined energies are emitted. The decay paths leading to the 4s(2)4p(3) S-4, D-2, and P-2 states of Kr3+ are analyzed and energies of seven intermediate states in Kr2+ are given. A preliminary investigation of the decay paths from Kr+ 3d (9)4p(5)nl shake-up states has also been carried out.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Egil
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Stenrup, M.
    Eland, J. H. D.
    Hedin, L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Berglund, M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science.
    Karlsson, L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Larson, A.
    Ågren, H.
    Rubensson, J. -E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Feifel, R.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Single-photon core-valence double ionization of molecular oxygen2008In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 78, no 2, p. 023409-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Single-photon core-valence double ionization of molecular oxygen has been studied using a magnetic bottle time-of-flight electron coincidence spectrometer. The K-1V-1 double ionization electron spectrum of O-2 is reported and is assigned with the aid of ab initio calculations. A direct comparison of the core-valence double ionization electron spectra with the conventional valence band photoelectron spectrum is made. The lowest core-valence double ionization energy is found to be 571.6 eV and is associated with a (3)Pi dicationic state.

  • 8. Andersson, J.
    et al.
    Beerwerth, R.
    Linusson, P.
    Eland, J. H. D.
    Zhaunerchyk, V.
    Fritzsche, S.
    Feifel, Raimund
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Triple ionization of atomic Cd involving 4p(-1) and 4s(-1) inner-shell holes2015In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 92, no 2, article id 023414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The triple ionization spectrum of atomic Cd formed upon the removal of a 4p or a 4s inner-shell electron and subsequent Auger decays has been obtained at 200 eV photon energy. By using a versatile multielectron coincidence detection technique based on a magnetic bottle spectrometer in combination with multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock calculations, Auger cascades leading to tricationic final states have been analyzed and final-state configurations have been identified. The most prominent Auger cascades leading to the ground state of Cd3+ have been identified in good agreement with theory.

  • 9. Andersson, L M
    et al.
    Burmeister, F
    Karlsson, H O
    Goscinski, O
    Nonadiabatic effects in the photoelectron spectra of HCl and DCl. II. Theory2002In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 012705-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The vibrationally resolved photoelectron spectra of HCl and DCl in the 25-28 eV region were computed using a time-dependent approach for the nuclear dynamics. The spectral features cannot be understood without including a nonadiabatic coupling between the dissociative 3 (2)Sigma(+) state and the bound 4 (2)Sigma(+) state in the adiabatic picture. Alternatively, in the diabatic picture a dissociative two-hole-one-particle state interacts with a bound one-hole state. The molecular system is of intermediate coupling strength, i.e., it cannot be described by a single potential-energy curve. The interaction between a bound and a dissociative state leads to Fano resonances superimposed on a broad back-round, as observed in the experimental spectra [Burmeister et al., Phys. Rev. A 65, 012704 (2001)]. From modified potential-energy curves, all features of the experimental spectra, including Fano resonance parameters and lifetimes, were reproduced. From the simulations we observe that two additional peaks in the experimental DCl spectra should appear if the resolution were to be enhanced to around 10 meV.

  • 10. Arteca, Gustavo A.
    et al.
    Tapia, Orlando
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry.
    Quantum states for quantum processes: A toy model for ammonia inversion spectra2011In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 012115-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemical transformations are viewed here as quantum processes modulated by external fields, that is, as shifts in reactant to product amplitudes within a quantum state represented by a linear (coherent) superposition of electronuclear basis functions; their electronic quantum numbers identify the "chemical species." This basis set can be mapped from attractors built from a unique electronic configurational space that is invariant with respect to the nuclear geometry. In turn, the quantum numbers that label these basis functions and the semiclassical potentials for the electronic attractors may be used to derive reaction coordinates to monitor progress as a function of the applied field. A generalization of Feynman's three-state model for the ammonia inversion process illustrates the scheme; to enforce symmetry for the entire inversion process model and ensure invariance with respect to nuclear configurations, the three attractors and their basis functions are computed with a grid of fixed floating Gaussian functions. The external-field modulation of the effective inversion barrier is discussed within this conceptual approach. This analysis brings the descriptions of chemical processes near modern technologies that employ molecules to encode information by means of confinement and external fields.

  • 11.
    Azimi Mousolou, Vahid
    et al.
    School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics, Linnaeus Univ., Sweden.
    Canali, Carlo M.
    School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics, Linnaeus Univ., Sweden.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Non-Abelian quantum holonomy of hydrogen-like atoms2011In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 84, no 3, article id 032111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the Uhlmann holonomy [Rep. Math. Phys. 24, 229 (1986)] of quantum states for hydrogen-like atoms, where the intrinsic spin and orbital angular momentum are coupled by the spin-orbit interaction and subject to a slowly varying magnetic field. We show that the holonomy for the orbital angular momentum and spin subsystems is non-Abelian, while the holonomy of the whole system is Abelian. Quantum entanglement in the states of the whole system is crucially related to the non-Abelian gauge structure of the subsystems. We analyze the phase of the Wilson loop variable associated with the Uhlmann holonomy, and find a relation between the phase of the whole system with corresponding marginal phases. Based on the result for the model system we provide evidence that the phase of the Wilson loop variable and the mixed-state geometric phase [Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2845 (2000)] are in general inequivalent.

  • 12.
    Azimi Mousolou, Vahid
    et al.
    School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics, Linnaeus Univ., Sweden.
    Canali, Carlo M.
    School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics, Linnaeus Univ., Sweden.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry. Centre for Quantum Technologies, NUS, Singapore.
    Unifying Geometric Entanglement and Geometric Phase in a Quantum Phase Transition2013In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 88, no 1, p. 012310-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geometric measure of entanglement and geometric phase have recently been used to analyze quantum phase transition in the XY spin chain. We unify these two approaches by showing that the geometric entanglement and the geometric phase are respectively the real and imaginary parts of a complex-valued geometric entanglement, which can be investigated in typical quantum interferometry experiments. We argue that the singular behavior of the complex-value geometric entanglement at a quantum critical point is a characteristic of any quantum phase transition, by showing that the underlying mechanism is the occurrence of level crossings associated with the underlying Hamiltonian.

  • 13.
    Azimi Mousolou, Vahid
    et al.
    School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics, Linnaeus Univ., Sweden.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
    Non-Abelian geometric phases in a system of coupled quantum bits2014In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 022117-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A common strategy to measure the Abelian geometric phase for a qubit is to let it evolve along an `orange slice' shaped path connecting two antipodal points on the Bloch sphere by two different semi-great circles. Since the dynamical phases vanish for such paths, this allows for direct interference measurement of the geometric phase. Here, we generalize the orange slice setting to the non-Abelian case. The proposed method to measure the non-Abelian geometric phase can be implemented in a cyclic chain of four qubits with controllable nearest-neighbor interactions.

  • 14. Belyaev, A. K.
    et al.
    Barklem, Paul S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
    Dickinson, A. S.
    Gadea, F. X.
    Cross sections for low-energy inelastic H plus Na collisions2010In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 81, no 3, p. 032706-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Full quantum-scattering calculations are reported for low-energy near-threshold inelastic collision cross sections for H + Na. The calculations include transitions between all levels up to and including the ionic state (ion-pair production) for collision energies from the threshold up to 10 eV. These results are important for astrophysical modeling of spectra in stellar atmospheres. Results for the 3s-3p excitation are carefully examined using three different quantum chemistry input data sets, and large differences are found near the threshold. The differences are found to be predominantly due to differences in the radial coupling rather than potentials and are also found not to relate to differences in couplings in a simple manner. In fact, of the three input couplings, the two that are most similar give the cross sections with the largest differences. The 3s-3p cross sections show orbiting resonances which have been seen in earlier studies, while Feshbach resonances associated with closed channels were also found to be present in the low-energy cross sections for some transitions.

  • 15.
    Belyaev, Andrey K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Model approach for low-energy inelastic atomic collisions and application to Al+ H and Al+ + H-2013In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 88, no 5, p. 052704-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A model approach is derived for estimates of cross sections and rate coefficients in low-energy inelastic collisions of hydrogen atoms and negative ions with other atoms and positive ions, which are of astrophysical interests. The approach is based on the asymptotic method for electronic molecular structure determination and on the branching probability current method for a nonadiabatic nuclear dynamical treatment. The derived approach is applied to low-energy Al + H and Al+ + H- inelastic collisions. It is shown that the processes with the largest values of cross sections and rates are the excitation and de-excitation ones between the Al(3d) and Al(4p) states in collisions with H, as well as the ion-pair formation and the mutual neutralization processes between these states and the ionic state; the second largest cross sections correspond to the similar processes involving the Al(4s) state. The mechanisms of the processes are discussed in detail.

  • 16.
    Belyaev, Andrey K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
    Barklem, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
    Spielfiedel, A.
    Guitou, M.
    Feautrier, N.
    Rodionov, D. S.
    Vlasov, D. V.
    Cross sections for low-energy inelastic Mg + H and Mg+ + H- collisions2012In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 85, no 3, p. 032704-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report full quantum scattering calculations for low-energy near-threshold inelastic cross sections in Mg + H and Mg+ + H- collisions. The calculations include all transitions between the eight lowest adiabatic MgH((2)Sigma(+)) molecular states, with the uppermost of those diabatically extended to the ionic molecular state in the asymptotic region. This allows us to treat the excitation processes between the seven lowest atomic states of magnesium in collisions with hydrogen atoms, as well as the ion-pair production and the mutual neutralization processes. The collision energy range is from threshold up to 10 eV. These results are important for astrophysical modeling of spectra in stellar atmospheres. The processes in question are carefully examined and several process mechanisms are found. Some mechanisms are determined by interactions between ionic and covalent configurations at relatively large internuclear distances, while others are based on short-range nonadiabatic regions due to interactions between covalent configurations.

  • 17.
    Belyaev, Andrey K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
    Lebedev, Oleg V.
    Nonadiabatic nuclear dynamics of atomic collisions based on branching classical trajectories2011In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 014701-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The branching classical trajectory method for inelastic atomic collision processes is proposed. The approach is based on two features: (i) branching of a classical trajectory in a nonadiabatic region and (ii) the nonadiabatic transition probability formulas particularly adapted for a classical trajectory treatment. In addition to transition probabilities and inelastic cross sections, the proposed approach allows one to calculate incoming and outgoing currents. The method is applied to inelastic Na + H collisions providing the results in reasonable agreement with full quantum calculations.

  • 18.
    Catani, J.
    et al.
    LENS–European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit` a di Firenze, via N. Carrara 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy;CNR-INO, via G. Sansone 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy.
    Lamporesi, G.
    LENS–European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit` a di Firenze, via N. Carrara 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy;CNR-INO, via G. Sansone 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy.
    Naik, D.
    LENS–European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit` a di Firenze, via N. Carrara 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy.
    Gring, M.
    Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology, Atominstitut, TU-Wien, AT-1020 Vienna, Austria.
    Inguscio, M.
    LENS–European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit` a di Firenze, via N. Carrara 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy;CNR-INO, via G. Sansone 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy.
    Minardi, F.
    LENS–European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit` a di Firenze, via N. Carrara 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy;CNR-INO, via G. Sansone 1, IT-50019 Sesto Fiorentino–Firenze, Italy.
    Kantian, A.
    DPMC-MaNEP, University of Geneva, 24 Quai Ernest-Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
    Giamarchi, T.
    DPMC-MaNEP, University of Geneva, 24 Quai Ernest-Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
    Quantum dynamics of impurities in a one-dimensional Bose gas2012In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 85, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a species-selective dipole potential, we create initially localized impurities and investigate their interactions with a majority species of bosonic atoms in a one-dimensional configuration during expansion. We find an interaction-dependent amplitude reduction of the oscillation of the impurities’ size with no measurable frequency shift, and study it as a function of the interaction strength. We discuss possible theoretical interpretations of the data. We compare, in particular, with a polaronic mass shift model derived following Feynman variational approach.

  • 19. Ceolin, D.
    et al.
    Marchenko, T.
    Guillemin, R.
    Journel, L.
    Kushawaha, R. K.
    Carniato, S.
    Huttula, S. -M
    Rueff, J. P.
    Armen, G. B.
    Piancastelli, Maria Novella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Simon, M.
    Auger resonant-Raman study at the Ar K edge as probe of electronic-state-lifetime interferences2015In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 91, no 2, article id 022502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The resonant-Auger decay in argon following Ar 1s - np excitations was studied under resonant-Raman conditions, i.e., with a total instrumental bandwidth much narrower than the natural linewidth of the absorption features. These state-of-the-art experiments are combined with a radiationless resonant-Raman scattering theory. The main results include identification of the energy position of some high-lying Rydberg states previously masked by insufficient resolution and clear evidence of electronic-state-lifetime interference phenomena.

  • 20. Choi, S.
    et al.
    Strömberg, D.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics.
    Sundaram, B.
    Atom lasers are not monochromatic2008In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 77, no 4, p. 043620-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study both numerically and analytically the possibility of using an adiabatic passage control method to construct a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) for Bose-Einstein condensates in the time domain, in exact one-to-one correspondence with the traditional optical MZI that involves two beam splitters and two mirrors. The interference fringes one obtains from such a minimum-disturbance setup clearly demonstrates that, fundamentally, an atom laser is not monochromatic due to interatomic interactions. We also consider how the amount of entanglement in the system correlates to the interference fringes.

  • 21. Ehara, M.
    et al.
    Horikawa, T.
    Fukuda, R.
    Nakatsuji, H.
    Tanaka, T.
    Kato, H.
    Hoshino, M.
    Tanaka, H.
    Feifel, Raimund
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Ueda, K.
    Symmetry and vibrationally resolved absorption spectra near the N K edges of N2O: experiment and theory2011In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 83, no 6, p. 062506-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, angle-resolved energetic-ion yield spectra were measured in the N 1s excitation region of N2O. A Franck-Condon analysis based on ab initio two-dimensional potential energy surfaces of the core-excited Rydberg states, which were calculated by the symmetry-adapted cluster-configuration interaction method, reproduced observed vibrational excitations specific to the individual Rydberg states well and enabled quantitative assignments. Geometric changes in the terminal nitrogen N-t 1s and the central nitrogen N-c 1s excited states with respect to the 3p pi, 3p sigma, and 4s sigma transitions were analyzed. The coupling of these valence and Rydbergs states was examined based on the second moment analysis. Irregular Rydberg-state behavior in the N-c 1s(-1) 4s sigma state was observed.

  • 22. Eland, John H. D.
    et al.
    Linusson, Per
    Hedin, Lage
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Andersson, Egil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Rubensson, Jan-Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Feifel, Raimund
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Soft X-Ray Physics.
    Coincidence technique using synchrotron radiation for triple photoionization: Results on rare gas atoms2008In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 78, no 6, p. 063423-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Final-state trication spectra and electron distributions produced by soft x-ray single-photon triple ionization of rare gas atoms have been obtained by a multiple-coincidence technique using storage-ring synchrotron radiation. The technique uses electron time of flight with ion detection to overcome the problem of high repetition rates in single-bunch operation. A correction needed to the triple-ionization energy of Kr currently listed in standard tables is confirmed, and the method’s ability to examine the three-electron distributions, characterizing the ionization mechanisms and post-collision interactions, is illustrated.

  • 23.
    Ericsson, Marie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
    Comment on `Detecting non-Abelian geometric phases with three-level Λ systems'2013In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 87, no 3, p. 036101-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In their recent paper, Yan-Xiong Du {\it et al.} [Phys. Rev. A {\bf 84}, 034103 (2011)] claim to have found a non-Abelian adiabatic geometric phase associated with the energy eigenstates of a large-detuned $\Lambda$ three-level system. They further propose a test to detect the non-commutative feature of this geometric phase. On the contrary, we show that the non-Abelian geometric phase picked up by the energy eigenstates of a $\Lambda$ system is trivial in the adiabatic approximation, while, in the exact treatment of the time evolution, this phase is very small and cannot be separated from the non-Abelian dynamical phase acquired along the path in parameter space.

  • 24.
    Ericsson, Marie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Towards a quantum Hall effect for atoms using electric fields2002In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 013607-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An atomic analogue of Landau quantization based on the Aharonov-Casher (AC) interaction is developed. The effect provides a first step towards an atomic quantum Hall system using electric fields, which may be realized in a Bose-Einstein condensate.

  • 25.
    Ericsson, Marie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Brännlund, Johan
    Stockholm University, SCFAB, Fysikum, Sweden .
    Oi, Daniel K.L.
    Centre for Quantum Computation, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, UK.
    Pati, Arun K.
    Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India .
    Generalization of the geometric phase to completely positive maps2003In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 67, no 2, p. 020101(R)-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We generalize the notion of relative phase to completely positive maps with known unitary representation, based on interferometry. Parallel transport conditions that define the geometric phase for such maps are introduced. The interference effect is embodied in a set of interference patterns defined by flipping the environment state in one of the two paths. We show for the qubit that this structure gives rise to interesting additional information about the geometry of the evolution defined by the CP map.

  • 26.
    Feifel, Raimund
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
    Tanaka, T.
    Hoshino, M.
    Tanaka, H.
    Tamenori, Y.
    Carravetta, V.
    Ueda, K.
    Influence of magnetic-field inhomogeneity on nonlinear magneto-optical resonances2006In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 74, no 6, p. 062717-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, a sensitivity of the rate of relaxation of ground-state atomic coherences to magnetic-field inhomogeneities is studied. Such coherences give rise to many interesting phenomena in light-atom interactions, and their lifetimes are a limiting factor for achieving better sensitivity, resolution, or contrast in many applications. For atoms contained in a vapor cell, some of the coherence-relaxation mechanisms are related to magnetic-field inhomogeneities. We present a simple model describing relaxation due to such inhomogeneities in a buffer-gas-free antirelaxation-coated cell. A relation is given between relaxation rate and magnetic-field inhomogeneities including the dependence on cell size and atomic species. Experimental results, which confirm predictions of the model, are presented. Different regimes, in which the relaxation rate is equally sensitive to the gradients in any direction and in which it is insensitive to gradients transverse to the bias magnetic field, are predicted and demonstrated experimentally.

  • 27.
    Filipp, Stefan
    et al.
    Atominstitut, Vienna, Austria.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Off-diagonal generalization of the mixed-state geometric phase2003In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 042112-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of off-diagonal geometric phases for mixed quantal states in unitary evolution is developed. We show that these phases arise from three basic ideas: (1) fulfillment of quantum parallel transport of a complete basis, (2) a concept of mixed state orthogonality adapted to unitary evolution, and (3) a normalization condition. We provide a method for computing the off-diagonal mixed state phases to any order for unitarities that divide the parallel transported basis of Hilbert space into two parts: one part where each basis vector undergoes cyclic evolution and one part where all basis vectors are permuted among each other. We also demonstrate a purification based experimental procedure for the two lowest order mixed state phases and consider a physical scenario for a full characterization of the qubit mixed state geometric phases in terms of polarization-entangled photon pairs. An alternative second order off-diagonal mixed state geometric phase, which can be tested in single-particle experiments, is proposed.

  • 28.
    Forrey, Robert C.
    et al.
    Pennsylvania State University.
    Dalgarno, Alex
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
    Vanne, Yulian V.
    Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
    Saenz, Alejandro
    Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
    Froelich, Piotr
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Nonadiabatic coupling in cold collisions of spin-polarized metastable hydrogen atoms2007In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 76, no 5, p. 052709-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous calculations of low-temperature cross sections for collisions between spin-polarized metastable hydrogen atoms are improved to include nonadiabatic radial and angular coupling at large interatomic separations. The electrostatic dipole-quadrupole interaction produces nonadiabatic radial coupling between (2s,2p) and (2p,2p) states, while the Coriolis interaction produces nonadiabatic angular coupling. Both of these long-range contributions are handled in a space-fixed atomic gauge that is particularly convenient for a spin-polarized system. The improved theoretical results are compared with an existing experiment.

  • 29.
    Friedenauer, Axel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Noncyclic geometric quantum computation2003In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 67, no 2, p. 024303-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geometric quantum computation is extended to the noncyclic case. Adiabatic NMR implementations of geometric phase shift gates at any precession angle and their concomitant fault tolerance with respect to the amplitude of the oscillating field are analysed. Nonadiabatic one-qubit geometric quantum computation is considered from the noncyclic perspective, with particular emphasis on errors in precession angles.

  • 30. Gador, N
    et al.
    Zhang, B
    Karlsson, H O
    Hansson, T
    Dynamical interference structures in fully coupled bound-bound state quantum wave-packet dynamics2004In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 033418-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The quantum wave-packet dynamics in a bound-bound state system at intermediate coupling strength, the A and b states in the Rb-2 molecule coupled by spin-orbit interaction, was studied by ultrafast pump-probe molecular beam spectrocopy and quantum dynamical calculations. It was shown that even at elevated molecular temperatures the experimentally observed traces are characterized by dynamical interference structures of mesobatic, i.e., diabatic-adiabatic hybrid, kind. Two types of mesobatic motion were discerned: bistable, which occurs in both bound-unbound and bound-bound systems, and astable, which is particular to bound-bound systems at intermediate coupling strength. Contrary to previous expectations, the signatures of the quantum interference structures in pump-probe delay traces were found to be robust toward averaging over initial quantum states. It was shown that the spectral variations observed while tuning the pump pulse wavelength is a quantum matter-wave relative of the fringes observed in a pulsed optical Michelson interferometer.

  • 31. Guillemin, R.
    et al.
    Sheinerman, S.
    Puettner, R.
    Marchenko, T.
    Goldsztejn, G.
    Journel, L.
    Kushawaha, R. K.
    Ceolin, D.
    Piancastelli, Maria Novella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Simon, M.
    Postcollision interaction effects in KLL Auger spectra following argon 1s photoionization2015In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 92, no 1, article id 012503Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Postcollision interaction effects on the Auger decay of a deep core hole are studied both experimentally and theoretically. KL2,L-3(2),(3) decay spectra of the Ar 1s vacancy are measured with high-energy resolution with excess photon energies ranging from 0 to 200 eV above the ionization threshold. Interaction of the Auger electron with the photoelectron and the ion field manifests itself in the Auger spectra as a distortion of the energy distribution of the Auger electron close to threshold. Moreover, recapture of the photoelectron due to energy exchange is dominating in the low-photon-energy range above threshold. The experimental results are compared with calculations based on the semiclassical approach to the postcollision interaction. The energies of the discrete levels and individual recapture cross sections are computed in the Hartree-Fock approximation. Good agreement is found between the calculated and experimental spectra, validating the model used.

  • 32. Guillemin, Renaud
    et al.
    Bomme, Cedric
    Marin, Thierry
    Journel, Loic
    Marchenko, Tatiana
    Kushawaha, Rajesh K.
    Trcera, Nicolas
    Piancastelli, Maria Novella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and condensed matter physics.
    Simon, Marc
    Complex decay patterns in atomic core photoionization disentangled by ion-recoil measurements2011In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 84, no 6, article id 063425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following core 1s ionization and resonant excitation of argon atoms, we measure the recoil energy of the ions due to momentum conservation during the emission of Auger electrons. We show that such ion momentum spectroscopy can be used to disentangle to some degree complex decay patterns, involving both radiative and nonradiative decays.

  • 33. Guillemin, Renaud
    et al.
    Stolte, Wayne C.
    Journel, Loic
    Carniato, Stephane
    Piancastelli, Maria Novella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Surface and Interface Science.
    Lindle, Dennis W.
    Simon, Marc
    Angular and dynamical properties in resonant inelastic x-ray scattering: Case study of chlorine-containing molecules2012In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 86, no 1, article id 013407Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Polarization-dependent resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) has been shown to be a probe of molecular-field effects on the electronic structure of isolated molecules. In this experimental analysis we explain the linear dichroism observed in Cl 2p polarized RIXS following Cl 1s excitation of a series of chlorofluoromethanes (CF3Cl, CF2Cl2, CFCl3, and CCl4) as due to molecular-field effects, including singlet-triplet exchange. We present an approach to extract directly the 2p inner-shell electronic state populations from the experimental measurements. Using the angular properties of the measured KV emission we also are able to determine the value of the polarization anisotropy parameter beta(p) for each resolved component of the KV emission spectra.

  • 34. Guillemin, Renaud
    et al.
    Stolte, Wayne C.
    Piancastelli, Maria Novella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Surface and Interface Science.
    Lindle, Dennis W.
    Jahn-Teller coupling and fragmentation after core-shell excitation in CF4 investigated by partial-ion-yield spectroscopy2010In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 82, no 4, p. 043427-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate fragmentation processes induced by core-level photoexcitation in CF4 at both the carbon and fluorine K edges by means of partial-ion-yield spectroscopy. The molecule CF4 is a textbook example of systems in which Jahn-Teller coupling strongly manifests itself in the photoabsorption spectrum. Spectral features related to Jahn-Teller and quasi-Jahn-Teller splitting are observed, and important differences in the fragmentation pathways are revealed depending on the symmetries of the core-excited states. We interpret these experimental observations on the grounds of symmetry lowering from the T-d to the C-3v point group as well as preferential orientation with respect to the polarization vector of the incident radiation.

  • 35. Hennies, F.
    et al.
    Polyutov, S.
    Minkov, I.
    Pietzsch, A.
    Nagasono, M.
    Agren, H.
    Triguero, L.
    Piancastelli, Maria Novella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics, Physics V.
    Wurth, W.
    Gel'mukhanov, F.
    Foehlisch, A.
    Dynamic interpretation of resonant x-ray Raman scattering: Ethylene and benzene2007In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 76, no 3, p. 032505-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a dynamic interpretation of resonant x-ray Raman scattering where vibrationally selective excitation into molecular resonances has been employed in comparison with excitation into higher lying continuum states for condensed ethylene and benzene as molecular model systems. In order to describe the purely vibrational spectral loss features and coupled electronic and vibrational losses the one-step theory for resonant soft x-ray scattering is applied, taking multiple vibrational modes and vibronic coupling into account. The scattering profile is found to be strongly excitation energy dependent and to reflect the intermediate states dynamics of the scattering process. In particular, the purely vibrational loss features allow one to map the electronic ground state potential energy surface in light of the excited state dynamics. Our study of ethylene and benzene underlines the necessity of an explicit description of the coupled electronic and vibrational loss features for the assignment of spectral features observed in resonant x-ray Raman scattering at polyatomic systems, which can be done in both a time independent and a time dependent picture. The possibility to probe ground state vibrational properties opens a perspective to future applications of this photon-in-photon-out spectroscopy.

  • 36.
    Herterich, Emmi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Single-loop multiple-pulse nonadiabatic holonomic quantum gates2016In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 94, no 5, article id 052310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonadiabatic holonomic quantum computation provides the means to perform fast and robust quantum gates by utilizing the resilience of non-Abelian geometric phases to fluctuations of the path in state space. While the original scheme [New J. Phys. 14, 103035 (2012)] needs two loops in the Grassmann manifold (i.e., the space of computational subspaces of the full state space) to generate an arbitrary holonomic one-qubit gate, we propose single-loop one-qubit gates that constitute an efficient universal set of holonomic gates when combined with an entangling holonomic two-qubit gate. Our one-qubit gate is realized by dividing the loop into path segments, each of which is generated by a Λ-type Hamiltonian. We demonstrate that two path segments are sufficient to realize arbitrary single-loop holonomic one-qubit gates. We describe how our scheme can be implemented experimentally in a generic atomic system exhibiting a three-level Λ-coupling structure, by utilizing carefully chosen laser pulses. 

  • 37.
    Hessmo, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Quantal phase for nonmaximally entangled photons2000In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 62, no 6, p. 062301-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We calculate the Pancharatnam phase difference obtained when entangled two-photon states interfere. This phase depends nontrivially on the degree of entanglement between the photons forming the two-photon state. We outline an experiment where the entanglement dependence of the two-photon phase may be studied interferometrically. Also we propose how a cyclic version of this phase may be useful for implementing an efficient quantum gate.

  • 38. Hooker, Andrew C.
    et al.
    Greene, Chris H.
    Clark, William
    Classical examination of the Stark effect in hydrogen1997In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 55, no 6, p. 4609-4612Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Iwan, Bianca
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular biophysics.
    Andreasson, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular biophysics.
    Bergh, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular biophysics.
    Schorb, Sebastian
    Thomas, Heiko
    Rupp, Daniela
    Gorkhover, Tais
    Adolph, Markus
    Bostedt, Christoph
    Hajdu, Janos
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular biophysics.
    Timneanu, Nicusor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular biophysics.
    Explosion, ion acceleration and molecular fragmentation of methane clusters in the pulsed beam of a free-electron laser2012In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 86, no 3, p. 033201-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray lasers offer new possibilities for creating and probing extreme states of matter. We used intense and short x-ray pulses from the FLASH soft x-ray laser to trigger the explosions of CH4 and CD4 molecules and their clusters. The results show that the explosion dynamics depends on cluster size and indicate a transition from Coulomb explosion to hydrodynamic expansion in larger clusters. The explosion of CH4 and CD4 clusters shows a strong isotope effect: The heavier deuterons acquire higher kinetic energies than the lighter protons. This may be due to an extended inertial confinement of deuterons vs. protons near a rapidly charging cluster core during exposure.

  • 40.
    Johansson, Markus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Ericsson, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Singh, Kuldip
    Centre for Quantum Technologies, NUS, Singapore.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Williamson, Mark S.
    Centre for Quantum Technologies, NUS, Singapore.
    Topological phases and multiqubit entanglement2012In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 85, no 3, p. 032112-1-032112-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global phase factors of topological origin, resulting from cyclic local $\rm{SU}$ evolution, called topological phases, were first described in [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 90}, 230403 (2003)], in the case of entangled qubit pairs. In this paper we investigate topological phases in multi-qubit systems as the result of cyclic local $\rm{SU(2)}$ evolution. These phases originate from the topological structure of the local $\rm{SU(2)}$-orbits and are an attribute of most entangled multi-qubit systems. We discuss the relation between topological phases and SLOCC-invariant polynomials and give examples where topological phases appear. A general method to find the values of the topological phases in an $n$-qubit system is described and a complete list of these phases for up to seven qubits is given.

  • 41.
    Johansson, Markus
    et al.
    Centre for Quantum Technologies, NUS, Singapore.
    Ericsson, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
    Osterloh, Andreas
    Fakultät für Physik, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany.
    Classification scheme of pure multipartite states based on topological phases2014In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 012320-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the connection between the concept of a-balancedness introduced in [Phys. Rev A. 85, 032112 (2012)] and polynomial local SU invariants and the appearance of topological phases respectively. It is found that different types of a-balancedness correspond to different types of local SU invariants analogously to how different types of balancedness as defined in [New J. Phys. 12, 075025 (2010)] correspond to different types of local SL invariants. These different types of SU invariants distinguish between states exhibiting different topological phases. In the case of three qubits the different kinds of topological phases are fully distinguished by the three-tangle together with one more invariant. Using this we present a qualitative classification scheme based on balancedness of a state. While balancedness and local SL invariants of bidegree $(2n,0)$ classify the SL-semistable states [New J. Phys. 12, 075025 (2010), Phys. Rev. A 83, 052330 (2011)], a-balancedness and local SU invariants of bidegree (2n-m,m) gives a more fine grained classification. In this scheme the a-balanced states form a bridge from the genuine entanglement of balanced states, invariant under the SL-group, towards the entanglement of unbalanced states characterized by U invariants of bidegree (n,n). As a by-product we obtain generalizations to the W-state, states that are entangled, but contain only globally distributed entanglement of parts of the system.

  • 42.
    Johansson, Markus
    et al.
    Centre for Quantum Technologies, NUS, Singapore.
    Khoury, Antonio
    Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Singh, Kuldip
    Centre for Quantum Technologies, NUS, Singapore.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
    Three-qubit topological phase on entangled photon pairs2013In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 87, no 4, p. 042112-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose an experiment to observe the topological phases associated with cyclic evolutions, generated by local SU(2) operations, on three-qubit entangled states prepared on different degrees of freedom of entangled photon pairs. The topological phases reveal the nontrivial topological structure of the local SU(2) orbits. We describe how to prepare states showing different topological phases, and discuss their relation to entanglement. In particular, the presence of a π/2 phase shift is a signature of genuine tripartite entanglement in the sense that it does not exist for two-qubit systems. 

  • 43.
    Johansson, Markus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Andersson, Mauritz
    Dept. of Applied Physics, KTH, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Hessmo, Björn
    Centre for Quantum Technologies, NUS, Singapore.
    Singh, Kuldip
    Centre for Quantum Technologies, NUS, Singapore.
    Tong, Dianmin
    Physics Dept., Shandong University, China.
    Robustness of nonadiabatic holonomic gates2012In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 86, no 6, p. 062322-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The robustness to different sources of error of the scheme for non-adiabatic holonomic gates proposed in [arXiv:1107.5127v2] is investigated. Open system effects as well as errors in the driving fields are considered. It is found that the gates can be made more error resilient by using sufficiently short pulses. The principal limit of how short the pulses can be made is given by the breakdown of the quasi-monochromatic approximation. A comparison with the resilience of adiabatic gates is carried out.

  • 44.
    Johansson, Niklas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Theoretical Physics.
    Sjöqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Searching for degeneracies of real Hamiltonians using homotopy classification of loops in SO(n)2005In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 71, no 1, p. 012106-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Topological tests to detect degeneracies of Hamiltonians have been put forward in the past. Here, we address the applicability of a recently proposed test [Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 060406 (2004)] for degeneracies of real Hamiltonian matrices. This test relies on the existence of nontrivial loops in the space of eigenbases SO$(n)$. We develop necessary means to determine the homotopy class of a given loop in this space. Furthermore, in cases where the dimension of the relevant Hilbert space is large the application of the original test may not be immediate. To remedy this deficiency, we put forward a condition for when the test is applicable to a subspace of Hilbert space. Finally, we demonstrate that applying the methodology of [Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 060406 (2004)] to the complex Hamiltonian case does not provide any new information.

  • 45. Jonsell, Svante
    et al.
    Froelich, Piotr
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Eriksson, S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Strasburger, Krzysztof
    Strong Nuclear Force in Cold Antihydrogen: Helium Collisions2004In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 70, no 6, p. 062708-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We calculate cross sections for elastic scattering and annihilation in antihydrogen-helium collisions at low energies. The calculations are based on the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, and incorporate the effects of the strong interaction through a scattering length approach. We find that the strong nuclear force not only causes significant annihilation, but also cannot be neglected in the elastic channel. In the zero energy limit we obtain the scattering length a=−7.69−3.80i a.u. for ground state antihydrogen-helium collisions. Annihilation is found to dominate over elastic scattering up to a temperature about 3 K. Loosely bound metastable antihydrogen-helium states are also investigated, and it is found that a number of relatively long-lived states with up to three units of angular momentum exist.

  • 46. Jonsell, Svante
    et al.
    Saenz, Alejandro
    Froelich, Piotr
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Zygelman, Bernard
    Dalgarno, Alex
    Stability of hydrogen-antihydrogen mixtures at low energies2001In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 64, no 5, p. 052712-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The stability of antimatter in contact with matter has been investigated. The interaction between hydrogen and antihydrogen is considered as the prototype reaction. We have focused interest on the rates for proton-antiproton and/or electron-positron annih

  • 47. Jänkälä, K.
    et al.
    Schulz, J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
    Huttula, M.
    Calo, A.
    Urpelainen, S.
    Heinasmäki, S.
    Fritzsche, S.
    Svensson, Svante
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
    Aksela, S.
    Aksela, H.
    Effects of initial-state laser excitation on inner-shell photoionization and Auger decay of Rb2006In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 74, no 6, p. 062704-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 3d(-1) photoionization and subsequent M4,5N2,3N2,3 Auger electron spectra of free initially laser-excited rubidium atoms have been investigated. The rubidium atoms were excited from the ground state [Kr]5s(1/2) to the [Kr]5p(1/2) and [Kr]5p(3/2) states. Emphasis was put on the changes in coupling and electron correlation between the three different initial states. The ground state 3d photoelecton spectrum of free Rb atoms was interpreted in detail. The binding energies for 3d(3/2,5/2) orbitals of initially ground-state and laser-excited Rb atoms were obtained. Extensive multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock calculations performed in the relativistic jj coupled basis were compared to the experimental photoelectron and Auger electron spectra.

  • 48.
    Karlsson, Hans O
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
    Dynamics of hydrogenic wave packets in electric and magnetic fields1994In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 3787-3792Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The survival probability P(t) of hydrogenic wave packets for some choices of strong external electric and magnetic fields is studied. The recursive residue generation method, in combination with complex dilation and a Laguerre basis, is used to calculate the local density of states from which P(t) is computed via a Fourier transform. P(t) is calculated both for a single initial ‖8p0〉 state and for an initial radial hydrogenic wave packet centered around n=15. In the first case only, in principle, a single n manifold is involved in the dynamics, while in the latter case several n manifolds contribute. The different choices of initial states lead to significantly different results. The choice of fields was made in order to exemplify various patterns of behavior. Results similar to those obtained here were found in recent experiments by Broers and co-workers [Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 344 (1993); Phys. Rev. A 49, 2498 (1994)]. The results presented in this work are quantum-mechanical calculations of hydrogenic wave packets in strong fields that include the effect of finite lifetimes on P(t).

  • 49.
    Kay, Alastair
    et al.
    Centre for Quantum Computation, DAMTP, Univ. Cambridge, UK.
    Ericsson, Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Quantum Chemistry.
    Local Cloning of Arbitrarily Entangled Multipartite States2006In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 012343-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the perfect cloning of non-local, orthogonal states with only local operations and classical communication. We provide a complete characterisation of the states that can be cloned under these restrictions, and their relation to distinguishability. We also consider the case of catalytic cloning, which we show provides no enhancement to the set of clonable states.

  • 50. Kitajima, M.
    et al.
    Puettner, R.
    Sorensen, S. L.
    Tanaka, T.
    Hoshino, M.
    Fukuzawa, H.
    De Fanis, A.
    Tamenori, Y.
    Sankari, R.
    Piancastelli, M. N.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
    Tanaka, H.
    Ueda, K.
    Angle-resolved photoion yield and resonant Auger spectroscopy for the doubly excited Rydberg states above the C 1s threshold of CO2008In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 78, no 3, p. 033422-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Doubly excited core-hole states of carbon monoxide in the photon energy region of 300-305 eV, i.e., directly above the C 1s ionization threshold, have been studied using both angle-resolved ion-yield and high-resolution resonant Auger spectroscopies. The leading configurations of the most prominent doubly excited Rydberg states are assigned by careful analysis of the ion-yield spectra and the final-state spectra to C 1s(-1) (5 sigma(-1)2 pi S-1=1) 3s sigma (v'=0,1,2), C 1s(-1) (5 sigma(-1)2 pi S-1=0) 3s sigma (v'=0,1,2), and C 1s(-1) (5 sigma(-1)2 pi S-1=1) 4s sigma (v'=0,1), which can only be populated via a conjugate shake-up process. Analysis of the resonant Auger spectra provides an assignment of several two-hole-one-electron (2h-1e) final states.

123 1 - 50 of 132
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf