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  • 1.
    Brosché, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Crisis of governance in South Sudan: electoral politics and violence in the world's newest nation2016In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 67-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since mid-December 2013, thousands of people have been killed in armed conflict in South Sudan. The fighting is entrenched in a power struggle between the main political contenders ahead of elections which were scheduled for 2015. This article examines the violence in South Sudan since the North-South war ended with a focus on the consequences of the introduction of electoral politics. Our research contributes to the literature on state-building and peace-building in war-torn societies, by exploring how the extreme levels of violence are linked to three groups of factors. First, the stakes involved in being part of the government are extremely high, since it is the only way to secure political and economic influence. Second, the actors involved in political life are dominated by individuals who held positions within the rebel groups, which increases the risk of political differences turning violent. Third, the institutions important for a legitimate electoral process, and which work to prevent violence, are weak or non-existent.

  • 2.
    Elfversson, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Peace from below: Governance and peacebuilding in Kerio Valley, Kenya2016In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 469-493Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Under what circumstances can non-state actors become successful local peacemakers? A growing body of research documents the involvement of non-state actors in local conflict resolution in Africa. However, there is large variation in such actors' power, legitimacy, and ultimately their ability to contribute to conflict resolution. The ways in which contextual and dynamic factors at local and national levels, and in particular the relationship between non-state and state actors and institutions, affect local conflict resolution are not sufficiently understood. To address this gap, this paper analyses the peace process addressing a long-standing conflict in Kerio Valley, Kenya. The analysis illustrates how the failure of the state to provide security and basic services led non-state actors to fill important roles in governance. Through this process, they were endowed with legitimacy and power which enabled them to play key roles in a peace process that led to a mutually acceptable peace agreement.

  • 3.
    Eriksson Baaz, Maria
    et al.
    School of Global Studies, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Stern, Maria
    Making sense of violence: voices of soldiers in the Congo (DRC)2008In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 57-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years the DRC has made itself known in the world for terrible acts of violence committed by armed men – militia and the regular army – against the civilian population. The voices of the soldiers and combatants have so far been absent in the accounts of this violence. This silence is problematic, both because it makes it harder to understand such violence, but also because it reinforces stereotypes of African warriors as primitive and anarchic, driven by innate violence and tribal hatred. Enquiry into the particular discursive as well as material circumstances of the armed conflict in the DRC, which might better redress the complex and interrelated context in which ‘people in uniforms’ commit violence, is consequently impeded. The story we recount here emerges from soldiers within the main perpetrator of violence in the DRC today: the Integrated Armed Forces. The soldiers’ interview texts challenge the dominant representation of soldiers and combatants in the DRC. The soldiers made sense of the prevalence of violence (in which they too had participated) in several interrelated ways, none of which reflected any expression of ‘natural’ (if dormant) violent tendencies, hatred or vengefulness for the enemy.

  • 4.
    Finnström, Sverker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Review of Susan Thomson, An Ansoms and Jude Murison, eds., Emotional and Ethical Challenges for Field Research in Africa: The story behind the findings (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)2013In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 540-541Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Käihkö, Ilmari
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Making Sense of the Central African Republic2016In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 739-741Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Rudebeck, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Developmental Pressure and Political Limits: A Tunisian Example1970In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 173-198Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Rudebeck, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Political Mobilisation for Development in Guinea-Bissau1972In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent theoretical essay I tried to demonstrate, among other things, the crucial importance of politics in any effort to overcome the underdevelopment of our own historical period; and I hope I have also shown how different kinds of political systems may be assumed to interact with various kinds of development strategies. The most hopeful combination is where a dynamic political interaction is established between the developmental needs and aspirations of the masses, and a consciously applied strategy of challenge to the social, political, and economic status quo of underdevelopment. It is surely an important task of political science to attempt to define the conditions under which such a mobilising interaction may be established and sustained. They are probably minimal conditions of development for any Third-World nation in the predominantly capitalist international system.

  • 8.
    Sundberg, Molly
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    The Orderly Entrepreneur: Youth, Education, and Governance in Rwanda2017In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 718-719Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Book review of The Orderly Entrepreneur: Youth, Education, and Governance in Rwanda by Catherine A. Honeyman Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2016.

  • 9.
    Söderström, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Second Time Around: Ex-Combatants at the Polls in Liberia2013In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 409-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A precondition for sustainable peace and democracy is the acceptance of new ways of solving political problems without resorting to arms. Post-war elections are an important point for testing the legitimacy of the new regime, high-lighting the depth of micro-level support for democracy. In the case of Liberia, the most notable problem of the elections of 2005 related to the issue of legitimacy. The ex-combatants did not trust the results and felt abandoned after the elections. Such experiences stand in the way of further deepening democracy in Liberia and may offer the grounds for mobilising anew. Yet, it is only by repeated experiences with elections that a process of democratisation takes place. This article addresses how the second experience with elections has changed ex-combatants’ relation with democracy and experience of legitimacy, through re-interviewing a number of ex-combatants concerning their electoral experience from 2005 and 2011.

  • 10.
    Utas, Mats
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Conflict, Displacement and Transformation.
    Book review of: Christine Ryan, Children of war: child soldiers as victims and participants in the Sudan civil war2013In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 51, no 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Utas, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology.
    Sharon Alane Abramowitz. Searching for the normal in the wake of the Liberian war2015In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 494-496Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Utas, Mats
    et al.
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics.
    Jörgel, Magnus
    The West Side Boys: military navigation in the Sierra Leone civil war2008In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 487-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The West Side Boys were one of several military actors in the Sierra Leonean civil War (1991-2002). A splinter group of the army, the WSB emerged as a key player In 1999-2000. In most Western media accounts, the WSB appeared as nothing more than renegade, anarchistic bandits, devoid of any trace of long-term goals. By contrast, this article aims to explain how the WSB used well-devised military techniques in the field; how their history and military training within the Sierra Leone army shaped their notion of themselves and their view of what they were trying to accomplish; and, finally, how military commanders and politicians employed the WSB as a tactical instrument in a larger map of military and political strategies. It is in the politics of a military economy that this article is grounded.

1 - 12 of 12
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