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  • 1.
    Bygdell, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Upplandsmuseet, Drottninggatan 7, S-75310 Uppsala, Sweden..
    "I am a very active person": Disability organizations as platforms for participation in rural Sweden2024Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 108, artikel-id 103290Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the text is to discuss the role of disability organizations for participation in rural municipalities in Sweden. Disability organizations are places for social interactions and for the accumulation of knowledge about disabilities as lived experiences. They also form a platform for dialogues and political influence work in the local community. With help of Nancy Fraser 's theory of social justice, the importance of disability organizations as respected contexts is emphasized. Participation means being included in societal activities in a way that suits the individual 's capacities and ambitions. The redistributive role of the public sector also enables participation, as it both supports disability organizations and opens up for influence in local planning. Conclusions that can be drawn are that if more support is given and more disability -specific arenas are created, there will be more open arenas for possible participation, and that what counts as participation must take a starting point in individuals ' own experiences and values of what they appreciate and need in their daily lives.

  • 2.
    Cedering, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköpings Univ, Dept Management & Engn, S-58183 Linköping, Sweden.
    Village schools as a hub in the community: A time-geographical analysis of the closing of two rural schools in southern Sweden2020Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 80, s. 606-617Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In rural areas, where schools are more distant, families' daily time-space arrangements are organised around the schools. When local schools are closed, the management of these daily arrangements is stretched even further as families face longer distances to services and new challenges in organising their daily lives. This article focuses on how the closure of rural schools impacts on the everyday lives of families and how a local school serves as a hub for children, parents, and others in the community. This case study was conducted over the course of several years, through field studies and interviews with families (parents and children) and policy-makers before and after two schools were closed. Specifically, the study examines how school closures affect everyday life in rural communities using a time-geographical approach to account for the complex patterns of daily activities, which are determined by local daily practices and social, economic, and geographical structures. By focusing on the rural school as a time-space hub, the analysis reveals that everyday life is organised around the school, which serves as the hub of activities where social networks are created and strengthened. The time-spatial analysis showed that school closures were seen very differently in the local community. The municipal council considered the school closures to be beneficial to the community, but families expressed a loss of life quality when they had to travel longer distances. The families also pointed towards the loss of social networks, thus given them less meaning and flexibility in their everyday lives. The analysis also highlights the potential of adding a time geographical analysis to local policy-making, in particular in rural areas.

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  • 3.
    Coopmans, Isabeau
    et al.
    Flanders Res Inst Agr Fisheries & Food, Social Sci Unit, Oostende, Belgium; KULeuven, Div Bioecon, Leuven, Belgium.
    Dessein, Joost
    Univ Ghent, Dept Agr Econ, Ghent, Belgium.
    Accatino, Francesco
    Univ Paris Saclay, AgroParisTech, INRAE, Paris, France.
    Antonioli, Federico
    Univ Tuscia, Dept Agr & Forest Sci, Viterbo, Italy.
    Bertolozzi-Caredio, Daniele
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Res Ctr Management Agr & Environm Risks, Madrid, Spain.
    Gavrilescu, Camelia
    Romanian Inst Agr Econ, Bucharest, Romania.
    Gradziuk, Piotr
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Rural & Agr Dev, Warsaw, Poland.
    Manevska-Tasevska, Gordana
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Agrifood Econ Ctr, Dept Econ, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Meuwissen, Miranda
    Wageningen Univ & Res, Business Econ, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Peneva, Mariya
    Univ Natl & World Econ, Dept Nat Resources Econ, Sofia, Bulgaria.
    Petitt, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Urquhart, Julie
    Univ Gloucestershire, Countryside & Community Res Inst, Cheltenham, Glos, England.
    Wauters, Erwin
    Flanders Res Inst Agr Fisheries & Food, Social Sci Unit, Oostende, Belgium.
    Understanding farm generational renewal and its influencing factors in Europe2021Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 86, s. 398-409Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the complex process of generational renewal (GR) in agriculture is essential for supporting the continuation of farming. This paper demonstrates how multiple factors, simultaneously and through their mutual interactions, influence GR and related individual decision-making processes. Results originated from 155 indepth interviews performed on 85 farms in eleven European regions, and were triangulated with the literature. Our analysis, combining inductive and deductive approaches, revealed three conceptual phases (successor identity formation, farm succession process, and farm development) and fourteen factors important to understand GR. We elaborate how these factors interact, hence exert their impact on (one of) the phases in a complex and variable way. Implications highlight potential pitfalls and opportunities for attracting people into agriculture. Although policy-makers should be aware of their limited ability to affect GR by targeting the first phase, we propose some ideas that would complement current existing measures acting on the third phase.

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  • 4.
    Eriksson, Camilla
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Dev, Box 7012, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bull, Jacob
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Place-making with goats and microbes: The more-than-human geographies of local cheese in Jamtland, Sweden2017Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 50, s. 209-217Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1940s Swedish rural policy has shaped agriculture and food production into a rational, large scale and specialised industry, focused on food hygiene. However, in Jamtland pockets of resistance remained where small-scale farmers continued to produce local cheeses. As rural policy has shifted towards favouring the local and traditional within Geographic Indication frameworks, these cheeses are receiving more attention from policymakers as well as consumers. During the last 10-15 years local cheese making has been revitalised with the introduction of sophisticated techniques and new knowledges on how to work with microbes to create more distinct, local cheeses. Bacteria cultures and moulds are treasured and explicitly considered in ways that were previously tacit. As this paper shows the development of these new cheese-making processes owe a lot to imported knowledge and microbes from France. The paper goes on to discuss how these 'cultural imports' combine with local knowledge and microbes to enable different narratives of locality, 'authenticity', and 'traditional' within contemporary cheese-making.

  • 5.
    Eriksson, Camilla
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Hajdu, Flora
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Dev, Box 7012, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    "You have to focus all your energy on being a parent": Barriers and opportunities for Swedish farmers to be involved fathers2021Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 83, s. 88-95Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish farming fathers are facing new expectations about their level of involvement in their children?s upbringing ? expectations of their own, but also arising from gender equality policy and shifting societal norms. A gender-neutral parental leave scheme has been in place in Sweden since 1974 and gives parents a generous opportunity to take paid time off work to stay at home with their children. Generally, however, fathers tend to take only a small share of the days allotted for parental leave, with farming farmers among those making least use of this opportunity. In this paper we explore farmers? expectations of fatherhood and how different types of farm management can be combined with parenting. The paper draws on qualitative interviews conducted with three generations of farmers. Our results indicate that the notion of involved fatherhood, i.e. being emotionally present and nurturing, is identified by farmers as a societal norm laid on farming fathers today, and that farmers indeed want to pursue involved fatherhood. We conclude that farm operators face several barriers to fulfilling the ideal of involved fatherhood, especially related to the difficulties of being able to afford and find a competent replacement during long periods of parental leave. However, two types of farms stand out as offering opportunities to overcome these issues: farms run as corporations where the farm operator is employed, and small farms with a high degree of flexibility in how time is spent during the day or over the year.

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  • 6.
    Grubbström, Ann
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Stenbacka, Susanne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Joosse, Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Balancing family traditions and business: Gendered strategies for achieving future resilience among agricultural students2014Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, nr 35, s. 152-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper emphasises the future generation of farmers, a group that has been relatively neglected in previous research. Based on focus group interviews, it highlights Swedish agricultural students’ gendered strategies to create a successful farm business in the future, along with the opportunities and obstacles they foresee in generational succession and their future farming activities. The interviews are analysed within the framework of resilience theory, focusing on adaption and renewal. Students highlight the importance of balancing emotional bonds to family and traditions with business goals. It is shown that strategies of renewal are guided by social values. The solitary farmer is replaced by a networking farmer that gathers knowledge in local and international settings. The view of how a partner contributes is, on the one hand, traditional while also showing signs of gender role transformation. We argue that a functioning ‘work-love balance’ reinforces resilience processes in farming.

  • 7. Hedberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Haandrikman, Karen
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Repopulation of the Swedish countryside: Globalisation by international migration2014Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 34, s. 128-138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural areas have often been treated as mono-ethnic and homogeneous areas, as compared to urban areas that are seen as dynamic and mobile areas. Recent discourses in rural studies have been questioning this idea, adding the perspectives that rural areas are constituted by mobilities, actively engaged in globalization processes, and characterized by ethnic diversity. As population decline is a constant threat to many rural areas, international migration flows can contribute to their repopulation and to a dynamic and transnational countryside. The present paper takes a quantitative perspective, thereby adding to the mostly qualitative studies in this field. Through the use of Swedish full-population register data, patterns of international migrants in rural areas are depicted, using a unique definition of rurality. Our study shows that international migration to the countryside reveals a rich diversity in ethnicity and age. Nordic and European middle-aged and elderly migrants have the highest odds of living in the countryside, while South East Asian women are an upcoming group. Migrants in the countryside are more often women, have a Swedish partner, have less education, live in border areas and are short stayers. Female migrants in rural areas also have a higher employment rate than their urban counterparts. The results suggest a variety of migration motives, ranging from quality of life to cross-border and marriage migration, which indicate increased globalization of the countryside. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 8.
    Holdo, Markus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Rural Arguments: Four perspectives in Swedish Political Debate2020Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 76, s. 67-75Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural perspectives in political debates are often dismissed as sentimental, narrowly self-interested, and irrational. This paper reports findings that challenge this view. Applying a deliberative systems approach, it examines how rural perspectives are articulated in Swedish public discourse. It identifies four coherent discourses that promote distinct political values: economic growth, rural conservatism, democracy and solidarity. The results of the study indicate a need for further examination of rural political deliberation. Beyond the pluralism of rural perspectives, they demonstrate that these are coherent political positions that share an overlapping interest in challenging an urban norm in political debate while being otherwise in tension with one another. The competition between them is, moreover, further indicated by the finding that political leaders' engage mostly with the discourse of economic growth, and to lesser extent rural conservatism and solidarity, while no party representative framed neglect of rural interests as a democratic concern.

  • 9.
    Joosse, Sofie
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Studies, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Grubbström, Ann
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Continuity in farming - Not just family business2017Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 50, s. 198-208Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, many European family farms are closing down, being rented out or sold outside the family(here termed non-family farm transfer). The discontinuity of family farms is expected to lead to changes in the organisation of farm production, and consequently to changes in agricultural landscapes and agrarian development. This expectation logically follows from the assumption that family farm transfer contributes to continuity in agriculture while non-family farm transfer leads to innovation and discontinuity. Our paper challenges these assumptions. Based on interviews with young and prospective farmers in Sweden, we compare family and non-family transfer in terms of the process of transfer, the relationship between former and new farmer, and farming practices. We identify respect, support and farm legacies as critical elements in farm continuity and argue that family farm transfer and non-family farm transfer can have more in common than conventionally assumed. Indeed, both family and nonfamily farm transfer entail relationships and practices that lead to continuity and change in farming practices.

  • 10.
    Lundström, Christina
    et al.
    National Competence Centre for Advisory Services, Department of People and Society, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skara, Sweden.
    Lindblom, Jessica
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    Care in dairy farming with automatic milking systems, identified using an Activity Theory lens2021Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 87, s. 386-403Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Context

    In Sweden, 34% of herds in official statistics 2021 (77% of the cows) have an automatic milking system (AMS) and keep 19% of the dairy cows.

    Objective

    This study should be considered in relation to the rapid increase of digitalisation in agriculture. It aimed at investigating Swedish farmers’ experiences and reflections in dairy farming concerning AMS use from a care perspective, based on two research questions: 1) What kinds of success factors and management challenges do farmers experience with AMS usage? and 2) How do farmers view their work environment in this kind of system?

    Methods

    A mixed method approach was performed, using method triangulation through a questionnaire, interviews, and field visits. The Activity Theory (AT) was used as a theoretical lens to consider care practice in the dairy farming as a learning system.

    Results and conclusions

    Participating dairy farmers were found to be in a continuous learning process on different levels in their system, from detailed problems with an individual cow or the herd to the whole dairy system. Implementation of AMS required learning in order to manage, and thus care for, a system comprising of animals, technology, and humans, to increase business viability. In successful AMS use, willingness to learn, adapt to the local situation, and continually improve practice, or care as a patterning of activities, appeared to be the most important factors. With more people involved, differentiations were possible, which in turn accentuated the need for more trained staff who can perform more complicated tasks. The findings indicated high importance of experience and a ‘stockperson's eye’, in combination with tool-mediated seeing using data from the robot, in developing enhanced professional vision and good care. A good stockperson had broad competence combining a stockperson's eye with experience with robot data. One of the greatest challenges for dairy farms was finding a good stockperson as staff or advisor. Increased flexibility in work and better physical health were important driving forces for implementing AMS, while handling alarms was mentally stressful and gave different perspectives on AMS vulnerability. Overall, the analysis of the collected data showed that AMS had brought major, primarily positive, changes in daily work and increased work satisfaction for most farmers, with a clear majority of the respondents feeling good in their work situation and enjoying their work.

    Significance

    Application of AT in studying AMS from a care perspective, represents a shift from traditional research that normally addresses technological inventions, to studying farmers’ socio-technical system. The AT lens revealed the work practices in performing care, as a patterning of activities accomplished by a tinkering learning process, in the rich and messy matrix of humans, cows, and technology.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 11.
    Nicholas-Davies, Phillipa
    et al.
    Aberystwyth Univ, Inst Biol Environm & Rural Sci, Aberystwyth, Dyfed, Wales..
    Fowler, Susan
    Aberystwyth Univ, Aberystwyth Business Sch, Aberystwyth, Dyfed, Wales..
    Midmore, Peter
    Aberystwyth Univ, Aberystwyth Business Sch, Aberystwyth, Dyfed, Wales..
    Coopmans, Isabeau
    Res Inst Agr Food & Fisheries, Ghent, Belgium.;Katholieke Univ Leuven, Div Bioecon, Leuven, Belgium..
    Draganova, Mariana
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Philosophy & Sociol, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Petitt, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap. Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Econ, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Senni, Saverio
    Univ Tuscia, Dept Agr & Forest Sci, Viterbo, Italy..
    Evidence of resilience capacity in farmers' narratives: Accounts of robustness, adaptability and transformability across five different European farming systems2021Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 88, s. 388-399Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding how farmers perceive and manage critical decision points in response to challenges and opportunities can help to develop effective support for resilient European farming systems. Individual narratives of farm stories provide insight into important management changes over time and the context in which they were made. We analyse 46 personal narratives from family farms across a range of farming systems in five European countries and use comparative thematic analysis to identify these change drivers and responses to them. Pressures within the family and the farming business (caused by health problems or intergenerational transition) were more important to narrators than external drivers such as extreme weather events and price fluctuations. The latter, perceived as outside the control of the farmer, were regarded as background noise requiring no significant business changes. While different resilience responses (robustness, adaptation, and transformation) were revealed, these categories were fluid depending on individual capacities, farm resources and the overall setting. Farms could appear robust but, over time, small changes in management could cumulate to adapt or even transform the management and scope of the business. Policy-related conclusions include a need for more flexible, tailored farm support and more coherent long-term strategies to manage intergenerational transition on farms.

  • 12.
    Stenbacka, Susanne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Othering the rural: About the construction of rural masculinities and the unspoken urban hegemonic ideal in Swedish media2011Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 235-244Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies within the field of rural geography have lately to a noticeable extent enriched the theme of the creation of masculinities and femininities focussing on social constructions of the rural, as well as social constructions of gender. In this study I aim to discuss some expressed discourses of the rural in order to illuminate the power relation between the urban and the rural and the spatial implications of the construction of masculinities and femininities. Taking three Swedish television productions as a point of departure, I will argue that an urban hegemony exists and that the programmes reveal how rural masculinities are constructed. The aim is firstly to add a spatial dimension to the constructions of masculinities, and secondly to show how media builds up and emphasises a gap between the rural and the urban in these constructions. Cutting-edge media is of interest, as it is active in reproducing certain practices and also in identifying who is following the norm and who is deviating from it. The three television productions highlight the construction of rural masculinities in terms of seeking help and being 'backward'; that rural men are unequal and traditional as well as deviating and out of place.

  • 13.
    Stenbacka, Susanne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bygdell, Cecilia
    Upplandsmuseet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The cosmopolitan farmer: Ideas and practices beyond travel and internationalisation2018Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 61, s. 63-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The occupation of farmer has traditionally been associated with spatial boundaries expressed in farm organisation and renewal, including generational succession, attachment to land and a local activity range. Recent studies have pointed to the existence of new forms of attachment and a rise in transnational activities, contributing to new perspectives on farmers' identity and development of practices in response to change in agri-business. In this paper we seek to add to the ongoing discussion of how farming practices develop, with reference to contemporary translocal practices in Swedish farming, asking whether and how farming relates to cosmopolitanism. Being a globalised industry and activity, farming involves translocal practices expressed in farmer and labour mobility, information exchange and economic and political interdependencies. Cosmopolitanism as an idea and in relation to practices contributes to understanding of what characterises transnational practices and what they are intended to achieve. We argue that farmers exhibit cosmopolitanism, but from a specific spatial position. Cosmopolitanism is thus not free from spatial connections, while references to mobility are numerous. Someone has to be mobile, but it does not always have to be the farmer. Mobility may be a means to achieve something, but cosmopolitanism as a mode of thought and action is more embedded in everyday work and strategies on the farm.

  • 14.
    Søholt, Susanne
    et al.
    NIBR, OsloMet, Oslo Metropolitan University.
    Stenbacka, Susanne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Nørgaard, Helle
    Danish Building Research Institute, Aalborg University.
    Conditioned receptiveness: Nordic rural elite perceptions of immigrantcontributions to local resilience2018Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 64, s. 220-229Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on case studies among rural elites in Norway, Sweden and Denmark, this study investigates how rural elites in Nordic rural communities link immigration to rural resilience as expressed in their place narratives. Applying the dual concepts of retention vs. receptiveness and exclusion vs. inclusion, we find that rural elites relate variously to immigration and local resilience, but that immigrants are deemed valuable for the local economy, and for population growth. Further, rural elites expect immigrants to become co-producers for local resilience. We term the elites' views conditioned receptiveness. The study sheds light on how rural elites' norms of diversity influence how ‘difference’ is placed and handled through processes of inclusion/exclusion vs. retention and receptiveness, with the rural as an enabling space for building local resilience.

  • 15.
    Vladimirova, Vladislava
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för rysslandsstudier. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    Producers' cooperation within or against cooperative agricultural institutions?: The case of reindeer husbandry in Post-Soviet Russia2017Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 53, s. 247-258Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the advance of economic neoliberalization along with the green economy paradigm that aims to alleviate rapid climate change, discussions of the rationale of cooperative organization of food production have come to the fore. This paper contributes to the scholarly understanding of motivations for cooperative organization of production by taking up empirical illustrations from the European North of Russia, where despite expectations of privatization after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the cooperative organization of reindeer husbandry often persists, as a heritage of the Soviet state enterprises (sovkhozes). The paper aims at advancing the analysis of cooperative reindeer husbandry and its rationales employing ideas within the field of substantivist economic anthropology of postsocialism that started with Karl Polanyi's vision of the embedded economy (Polanyi, 1944). Further, I have employed the ideas of the renowned study by Caroline Humphrey of Soviet state farms as total social institutions (Humphrey, 1998) as well as Stephen Gudeman's dialectical approach to the economy (Gudeman, 2001). The analysis shows that the cooperative organization of reindeer husbandry reproduces the economic and social patterns that were developed in the Soviet period, perhaps also adapting and incorporating elements of traditional indigenous social orders. Such social arrangements and the accompanying moral values are embedded in the reindeer herding economy, and it is their persistence that indigenous people achieve through adhering to cooperative values.

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