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  • 1.
    Comasco, Erika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Berglund, Kenneth
    Oreland, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Nilsson, Kent W.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
    Why Do Adolescents Drink?: Motivational Patterns Related to Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-Related Problems2010In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 45, no 10, p. 1589-1604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study was designed to investigate motivational patterns for drinking alcohol and their relation about alcohol consumption and problems related to alcohol consumption. Data were collected by semistructured interviews and questionnaires, containing questions about reasons for drinking, alcohol consumption, and problems related to alcohol consumption during the years 2001, 2004, and 2005. Three independent population samples from two different counties of central Sweden were included. A total of 11,167 adolescents participated. Data on reasons for drinking were analyzed by factor analysis to extract components explaining drinking motives. Relationships between motivational patterns and alcohol use were examined with correlation analysis. Three drinking motives emerged (social-enhancement, coping, and dominance motives) and related to alcohol consumption and problems related to alcohol consumption. Limitations of the study are noted and discussed.

  • 2.
    Enefalk, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Alcohol and Femininity in Sweden c. 1830-1922: An Investigation of the Emergence of Separate Drinking Standards for Men and Women2015In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 50, no 6, p. 736-746Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses changing views about gender and drinking in Sweden c. 1830-4922. The author posits that the emergence of bourgeois morals in the 19th century were associated with a decline in the tolerance for female alcohol consumption, and also shows how the values, norms, and activities of the temperance movement interconnected with religion and notions of purity. Yet, in spite of hardening attitudes against women's drinking, alcohol remained integral in Swedish upper-class women's lives. The results are based on a qualitative study of Swedish women's diaries. The study was financed by the Swedish Research Council, 2009-2012. Study limitations are also noted.

  • 3.
    Ramji, Rathi
    et al.
    Malmo Univ, Dept Caring Sci, 25 Jan Waldenstromsgata, S-20506 Malmo, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Maria
    Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Unit Epidemiol & Global Hlth, Umea, Sweden.
    Arnetz, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine. Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Unit Epidemiol & Global Hlth, Umea, Sweden;Michigan State Univ, Coll Human Med, Dept Family Med, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA.
    Wiklund, Ywonne
    Vasterbotten Cty Council, Umea, Sweden.
    Arnetz, Judy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine. Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Unit Epidemiol & Global Hlth, Umea, Sweden;Michigan State Univ, Coll Human Med, Dept Family Med, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA.
    Taking a Stand: An Untapped Strategy to Reduce Waterpipe Smoking in Adolescents2019In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 514-524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Waterpipe use amongst adolescents is on the rise globally. Thus, there is a need to understand adolescents 'attitudes towards and perceptions of waterpipe use in order to develop specific interventions against this form of tobacco use. Methods: Focus group interviews were conducted among 37 Swedish adolescents (14 boys and 23 girls) from grades 10 to 12. Waterpipe users and nonusers were interviewed separately, with two groups each for users and nonusers. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and thematically analyzed using content analysis. Results: Six themes emerged including taking a stand, weighing the risks, Lack of knowledge, Social context, Waterpipe new and unknown, and Family influence. Taking a stand was about being able to stand up for one's owns views rather than giving in to peer pressure to smoke waterpipe. Participants feared harming others via secondhand smoke and expressed criticism of the tobacco industry. Participants considered the health consequences and feared addiction. Lack of knowledge concerning health effects of waterpipe smoking due to the unavailability of credible information was also reported. Waterpipe smoking was considered a social event carried out in the company of friends. Perceived as novel and fun, waterpipe was smoked out of curiosity. Parents' and siblings' smoking behaviors influenced adolescent waterpipe use. Conclusion: Adolescents reported lacking information about the possible health effects of waterpipe smoking and that gaining such knowledge would make it easier for them to take a stand and refuse smoking waterpipe. Prevention strategies should focus on providing adolescents with factual information about the dangers of waterpipe use.

  • 4.
    Zachrison, Linnea
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Ruchkin, Vladislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Yale Univ, Sch Med, Ctr Child Study, New Haven, CT 06510 USA.;Sater Forens Psychiat Clin, Sater, Sweden..
    Stickley, Andrew
    Sodertorn Univ, Stockholm Ctr Hlth & Social Change, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Koposov, Roman
    Arctic Univ Norway UiT, Reg Ctr Child & Youth Mental Hlth & Child Welf, Tromso, Norway..
    Inhalant Use and Mental Health Problems in Russian Juvenile Delinquents2017In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 52, no 12, p. 1616-1623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Inhalant use by children and adolescents has been linked to an increased risk of multiple drug use, mental health problems and antisocial behavior. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of inhalant use and psychiatric diagnoses amongincarcerated delinquent youths in Russia. Methods: Atotal of 370 incarcerated delinquents from a juvenile correction center in Northern Russia were assessed by means of a semi-structured psychiatric interview and by self-reports. Results: Compared to non-users (N = 266), inhalant users ( N = 104) reported higher rates of PTSD, early onset conduct disorder, ADHD, alcohol abuse and dependence, as well as higher levels of antisocial behavior, impulsiveness and more psychopathic traits. Frequent inhalant users also reported the highest rates of co-occurring psychopathology. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that inhalant use in delinquents is frequent and may require additional clinical measures to address the issue of psychiatric comorbidity.

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