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  • 1.
    Ali, Muhanned
    et al.
    Kristianstad & Hässleholm Hosp, Dept Orthoped, Hässleholm, Sweden.
    Brogren, Elisabeth
    Skåne Univ Hosp, Dept Hand Surg, Malmö, Sweden;Kristianstad & Hässleholm Hosp, Dept Orthoped, Hässleholm, Sweden.
    Wagner, Philippe
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Västerås.
    Atroshi, Isam
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Orthoped, Lund, Sweden;Kristianstad & Hässleholm Hosp, Dept Orthoped, Hässleholm, Sweden.
    Association Between Distal Radial Fracture Malunion and Patient-Reported Activity Limitations: A Long-Term Follow-up2018Inngår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 100, nr 8, s. 633-639Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The long-term effect of distal radial fracture malunion on activity limitations is unknown. Between 2001 and 2002, we conducted a prospective cohort study of all patients with distal radial fracture treated with casting or percutaneous fixation in northeast Scania in Sweden. In that original study, the patients completed the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire at baseline and at 2 years. We performed a long-term follow-up study of patients who were 18 to 65 years of age at the time of the fracture to investigate the association between fracture malunion and activity limitations. Methods: In this long-term follow-up, patients who had participated in the original study completed the DASH questionnaire and a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and for satisfaction (scored, 0 [best] to 100) and underwent radiographic and physical examinations at 12 to 14 years after the fracture. We defined malunion as dorsal angulation of >= 10 degrees, ulnar variance of >= 3 mm, and/or radial inclination of <= 15 degrees. We also assessed the presence of radiocarpal osteoarthritis and ulnar styloid nonunion. The primary outcome was the change in DASH score from baseline. Secondary outcomes were DASH, pain, and satisfaction scores, wrist range of motion, and grip strength at the time of the follow-up. Results: Of 85 eligible patients, 63 (74%) responded to the questionnaires and underwent examinations. Mal union was found in 25 patients, osteoarthritis was found in 38 patients, and styloid nonunion was found in 9 patients. Compared with patients without malunion, those with malunion had significantly worse DASH scores from baseline to 12 to 14 years (p = 0.002); the adjusted mean difference was 11 points (95% confidence interval [CI], 4 to 17 points). Similarly, follow-up scores were significantly worse among patients with malunion; the adjusted mean difference was 14 points (95% CI, 7 to 22 points; p < 0.001) for DASH scores, 10 points (95% CI, 0 to 20 points; p = 0.049) for VAS pain scores, and 26 points (95% CI, 11 to 41 points; p = 0.001) for VAS satisfaction scores. No differences were found in range of motion or grip strength. Osteoarthritis (mostly mild) and styloid nonunion had no significant association (p > 0.05) with DASH scores, VAS pain or satisfaction scores, or grip strength. Conclusions: Patients who sustain a distal radial fracture at the age of 18 to 65 years and develop malunion are more likely to have worse long-term outcomes including activity limitations and pain.

  • 2. Bajammal, Sohail S.
    et al.
    Zlowodzki, Michael
    Lelwica, Amy
    Tornetta, Paul
    Einhorn, Thomas A.
    Buckley, Richard
    Leighton, Ross
    Russell, Thomas A.
    Larsson, Sune
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Bhandari, Mohit
    The use of calcium phosphate bone cement in fracture treatment: A meta-analysis of randomized trials2008Inngår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 90, nr 6, s. 1186-96Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Available options to fill fracture voids include autogenous bone, allograft bone, and synthetic bone materials. The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine whether the use of calcium phosphate bone cement improves clinical and radiographic outcomes and reduces fracture complications as compared with conventional treatment (with or without autogenous bone graft) for the treatment of fractures of the appendicular skeleton in adult patients. METHODS: Multiple databases, online registers of randomized controlled trials, and the proceedings of the meetings of major national orthopaedic associations were searched. Published and unpublished randomized controlled trials were included, and data on methodological quality, population, intervention, and outcomes were abstracted in duplicate. Data were pooled across studies, and relative risks for categorical outcomes and weighted mean differences for continuous outcomes, weighted according to study sample size, were calculated. Heterogeneity across studies was determined, and sensitivity analyses were conducted. RESULTS: We identified eleven published and three unpublished randomized controlled trials. Of the fourteen studies, six involved distal radial fractures, two involved femoral neck fractures, two involved intertrochanteric femoral fractures, two involved tibial plateau fractures, one involved calcaneal fractures, and one involved multiple types of metaphyseal fractures. All of the studies evaluated the use of calcium phosphate cement for the treatment of metaphyseal fractures occurring primarily through trabecular, cancellous bone. Autogenous bone graft was used in the control group in three studies, and no graft material was used in the remaining studies. Patients managed with calcium phosphate had a significantly lower prevalence of loss of fracture reduction in comparison with patients managed with autograft (relative risk reduction, 68%; 95% confidence interval, 29% to 86%) and had less pain at the fracture site in comparison with controls managed with no graft (relative risk reduction, 56%; 95% confidence interval, 14% to 77%). We were unable to compare pain at the bone-graft donor site between the studies because of methodological reasons. Three studies independently demonstrated improved functional outcomes when the use of calcium phosphate was compared with the use of no grafting material. CONCLUSIONS: The use of calcium phosphate bone cement for the treatment of fractures in adult patients is associated with a lower prevalence of pain at the fracture site in comparison with the rate in controls (patients managed with no graft material). Loss of fracture reduction is also decreased in comparison with that in patients managed with autogenous bone graft.

  • 3.
    Brüggemann, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi. Uppsala University.
    Mallmin, Hans
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Bengtsson, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk immunologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Hailer, Nils
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Safety of Use of Tantalum in Total Hip ArthroplastyInngår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Tantalum implants have been used in >500,000 orthopaedic patients. Although the risks of metallosis and aseptic lymphocyte-dominated vasculitis-associated lesions (ALVAL) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are being debated, we are not aware of any studies investigating the liberation of tantalum ions and their potential effects on the immune system. We evaluated whether tantalum concentrations are elevated after THA with acetabular tantalum implants and assessed potential alterations in T-cell subpopulations.

    Methods:

    After a mean follow-up of 4 years (range, 0.5 to 8.9 years) of 144 patients who had undergone THA, blood samples were analyzed regarding blood tantalum concentrations, total white blood-cell counts, and lymphocyte subsets in 3 groups of patients: those treated with non-tantalum primary THA (“primary non-tantalum,” n = 30), those treated with primary THA with a tantalum cup (“primary tantalum,” n = 30), and those who underwent revision surgery with a tantalum shell (“revision tantalum,” n = 84). Blood donors served as controls for immunological parameters (n = 59). Correlations between tantalum concentrations and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR+ T cells were calculated, radiographic signs of implant loosening were assessed, and the Harris hip score (HHS) was used to evaluate hip function.

    Results:

    The median tantalum concentration was similar to the detection limit both in the primary non-tantalum group (0.05 µg/L, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.05 to 0.05 µg/L) and in the primary tantalum group (0.051 µg/L, 95% CI = 0.050 to 0.055 µg/L), and it was 0.091 µg/L (95% CI = 0.083 to 0.112 µg/L) in the revision tantalum group (p < 0.0001 in the group-wise comparison with both primary non-tantalum and primary tantalum). We found a weak negative correlation of higher tantalum concentration with the concentration of HLA-DR+/CD8+ T cells (r = −0.22, 95% CI = −0.35 to −0.05, p = 0.01) but no correlation of tantalum concentration with the concentration of HLA-DR+/CD4+ T cells (r = −0.11, 95% CI = −0.27 to 0.06, p = 0.24). The values for all lymphocyte subgroups were within normal ranges. No implants were deemed loose. The median HHS was good to excellent.

    Conclusions:

    Exposure to stable tantalum cups is associated with low blood concentrations of tantalum. Signs of T-cell activation typical of ALVAL seem to be lacking.

    Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence

  • 4.
    Ekblom, Anna Gerber
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, SE-118 83, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Lars B
    Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Section of Hand Surgery, Lund University, Jan Waldenströms gata 59, SE-205 02, Malmö, Sweden..
    Rosberg, Hans-Eric
    Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Section of Hand Surgery, Lund University, Jan Waldenströms gata 59, SE-205 02, Malmö, Sweden..
    Wiig, Monica
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Handkirurgi.
    Werner, Michael
    Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, SE-118 83, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Arner, Marianne
    Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, SE-118 83, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hand Function in Adults with Radial Longitudinal Deficiency2014Inngår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 96, nr 14, s. 1178-1184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Functional impairment in individuals with radial longitudinal deficiency can be influenced by several factors, including a short and bowed forearm, radial deviation of the wrist, a non-functional or absent thumb, limited finger motion, and impaired grip strength, but their relationship with activity and participation in adults with radial deficiency is not known.METHODS: Twenty individuals, eighteen to sixty years of age, who had Bayne type-II to V radial longitudinal deficiency, were examined in the context of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Body function and structure were evaluated by measures of range of motion, grip strength, key pinch, sensibility, and radiographic parameters. Activity was evaluated by the Box and Block Test and the Sollerman test, and participation was evaluated by QuickDASH (the short form of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand outcome measure) and by the Medical Outcomes Study 12-Item Short Form Health Survey. Statistical correlations among assessments of body function and structure, activity, and participation were examined.RESULTS: The mean total active motion of the wrist (43°) and mean total active motion of the digits (377°) were less than the norms. The mean radial deviation of the wrist was 31°. The mean grip strength (4.0 kg), key pinch (1.4 kg), and scores for the Box and Block Test (55 blocks per minute) and the Sollerman test on hand function (56 points) were considerably lower than the norms. The mean scores were 18 points for QuickDASH, 51 points for Short Form-12 physical component summary, and 53 points for Short Form-12 mental component summary. Significant relationships were found between the Box and Block Test and grip strength (p = 0.012), key pinch (p < 0.001), and total active motion of digits (p < 0.001); between the Sollerman test and the total active motion of elbow (p < 0.001) and the total active motion of digits (p < 0.001); between the QuickDASH and forearm length (p < 0.001), the total active motion of elbow (p = 0.001), and the total active motion of digits (p < 0.001); between the Short Form-12 physical component summary and grip strength (p = 0.016), forearm length (p < 0.001), total active elbow motion (p < 0.001), and total active digit motion (p < 0.001); and between the Short-Form-12 mental component summary and radial deviation of the wrist (p = 0.019). No significant correlations were found between the radiographic measurement of the radial deviation of the wrist (total forearm angle) and the Box and Block Test (p = 0.244), the Sollerman test (p = 0.775), QuickDASH (p = 0.156), Short Form-12 physical component summary (p = 0.107), or Short Form-12 mental component summary (p = 0.129).CONCLUSIONS: In individuals with radial longitudinal deficiency, grip strength, key pinch, forearm length, and elbow and digital motion seem to be more important for the individual's activity and participation than the radial angulation of the wrist.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  • 5.
    Gudnason, Asgeir
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Hailer, Nils P
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    W-Dahl, Annette
    Sundberg, Martin
    Robertsson, Otto
    All-Polyethylene Versus Metal-Backed Tibial Components: An Analysis of 27,733 Cruciate-Retaining Total Knee Replacements from the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register2014Inngår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 96, nr 12, s. 994-999Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Currently, the use of metal-backed tibial components is more common than the use of all-polyethylene components in total knee arthroplasty. However, the available literature indicates that all-polyethylene tibial components are not inferior to the metal-backed design. We hypothesized that there would be no difference in the ten-year survival rate between all-polyethylene and metal-backed tibial components of a specific design in a large nationwide cohort.

    METHODS:

    In the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register, we identified 27,733 cruciate-retaining total knee replacements using the press-fit condylar prosthesis with either metal-backed or all-polyethylene tibial components inserted from 1999 to 2011. Unadjusted survival functions were calculated with the end points of revision for any reason, revision due to infection, and revision due to reasons other than infection, and the differences between the groups were investigated with the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazard models were fitted to analyze the influence of various covariates on the adjusted relative risk of revision.

    RESULTS:

    The median duration of follow-up was 4.5 years (range, zero to 12.9 years). Of all total knee replacements, 16,896 (60.9%) were in women and 10,837 (39.1%) were in men. Metal-backed components were used in 16,011 total knee arthroplasties (57.7%) and all-polyethylene in 11,722 total knee arthroplasties (42.3%). With revision for any reason as the end point, the all-polyethylene tibial component had slightly superior, unadjusted ten-year survival compared with the metal-backed component: 97.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 96.7% to 97.7%) compared with 96.6% (95% CI, 96.2% to 96.9%; p = 0.002). Cox multiple regression analysis adjusting for age group, sex, and patellar resurfacing showed that all-polyethylene components had a reduced risk of revision for any reason (relative risk = 0.75; 95% CI, 0.64 to 0.89) and a reduced risk of revision due to infection (relative risk = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.46 to 0.86). Patellar resurfacing and male sex increased the risk of revision due to infection (relative risk = 2.22 [95% CI, 1.37 to 3.62] and 2.21 [95% CI, 1.66 to 2.94], respectively).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    These all-polyethylene tibial components were at least as good as or superior to metal-backed tibial components with respect to implant survivorship at ten years in cruciate-retaining total knee replacements. We concluded that these less expensive all-polyethylene tibial components can be safely and effectively used in total knee arthroplasty.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

    Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  • 6.
    Modig, Karin
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Epidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Erdefelt, Annelie
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Meliner, Carl
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Umea Univ, Dept Surg & Perioperat Sci, Umea, Sweden.
    Cederholm, Tommy
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik. Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Talbäck, Mats
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Epidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedström, Margareta
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    "Obesity Paradox" Holds True for Patients with Hip Fracture: A Registry-Based Cohort Study2019Inngår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 101, nr 10, s. 888-895Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hip fractures are associated with high mortality and reduced quality of life. Studies have reported a high body mass index (BMI) as being positively associated with survival when linked to old age and some chronic diseases. This phenomenon is called the "obesity paradox." The association between BMI and survival after hip fracture has not been thoroughly studied in large samples, nor has to what extent the association is altered by comorbidities, sex, and age. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of BMI with survival after hip fracture and with the probability of returning to living at home after hip fracture.

    Methods: This cohort study was based on data from a prospectively maintained national registry of patients with hip fracture. A total of 17,756 patients >= 65 years of age who were treated for hip fracture during the period of 2013 to 2016, and followed until the end of 2017, were included. BMI was clinically assessed at hospital admission, comorbidity was measured with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, and the date of death was retrieved from a national database. Self-reported data on living arrangements were assessed on admission and 4 months after fracture. Multi-variable regression models were used to estimate the associations.

    Results: Despite ASA scores being similar among all BMI groups, obese patients had the highest 1-year survival and patients with a BMI of <22 kg/m(2) had the lowest. Adjustment for potential confounders strengthened the associations. For the chance of returning to living at home, no advantage was seen for obese patients, but patients with a BMI of <22 kg/m(2) had clearly worse odds compared with patients who were of normal weight, overweight, or obese.

    Conclusions: The obesity paradox appears to be true for hip fracture patients aged 65 and older. Attention should be given to patients with malnutrition and underweight status rather than to those with overweight status or obesity when developing the orthogeriatric care.

  • 7.
    Rahme, Hans
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Mattsson, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Wikblad, Lars
    Nowak, Jan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Larsson, Sune
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Stability of cemented in-line pegged glenoid compared with keeled glenoid components in total shoulder arthroplasty2009Inngår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 91, nr 8, s. 1965-1972Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Considerable interest has been focused on the design of the glenoid component used in total shoulder arthroplasty in order to reduce the risk of loosening. One design-related feature that has attracted attention is whether to use pegged or keeled cemented glenoid components. The main purpose of this study was to compare the fixation of cemented keeled glenoid components with that of cemented in-line pegged glenoid components. METHODS: In a prospective randomized study, we compared the stability of cemented, all-polyethylene, keeled glenoid components and cemented, all-polyethylene, in-line three-pegged glenoid components by radiostereometric analysis. Twenty-seven shoulders in twenty-five patients with osteoarthritis (twenty-two shoulders had primary and five shoulders had secondary osteoarthritis) were included. There were sixteen women and nine men, and the mean age was sixty-four years. Radiostereometric analysis and conventional radiographs were carried out at five days, at four months, and at one and two years postoperatively. RESULTS: The mean Constant and Murley score preoperatively and two years postoperatively was 25 and 70, respectively, for shoulders with the keeled glenoid component and 22 and 70 for the shoulders with a pegged component. No significant difference was detected between groups with regard to the average micromigration of the glenoid components at any of the time points. The average translation was <1 mm, while the median value was <0.3 mm at two years, with no significant difference between the different axes. In five shoulders (three with the keeled component and two with the pegged component), translation at two years was >1 mm. In fourteen shoulders (eight with the keeled and six with the pegged component), the rotation around one or several axes was >2 degrees . We were not able to detect any specific pattern with regard to movement for either type of component nor were we able to detect any difference between the two types of components in the way they migrated, if migration occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Cemented all-polyethylene keeled or in-line three-pegged glenoid components appear to have similar stability during the first two years after surgery. Studies with a longer follow-up period are needed to relate these findings to long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes.

  • 8.
    Vinnars, Bertil
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Handkirurgi.
    Pietreanu, Mihai
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Handkirurgi.
    Bodestedt, Åke
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för radiologi.
    af Ekenstam, Fredrik
    Gerdin, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Plastikkirurgi.
    Nonoperative compared with operative treatment of acute scaphoid fractures: A randomized clinical trial2008Inngår i: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 0021-9355, E-ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 90, nr 6, s. 1176-1185Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Traditionally, acute nondisplaced scaphoid fractures have been treated nonoperatively in a cast, and the expected union rate approaches 90%. Internal fixation of nondisplaced scaphoid fractures has increased in popularity, and a union rate of 100% has been reported. The growing trend is to recommend internal fixation for the majority of acute scaphoid fractures. The true long-term benefits of this more complicated treatment modality have not yet been determined in randomized controlled trials. The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term results of operative fixation of acute scaphoid fractures with those of nonoperative treatment.

    METHODS:

    During the period between 1992 and 1997, eighty-three patients with an acute nondisplaced or minimally displaced scaphoid fracture were randomly allocated to, and received, either nonoperative treatment with a cast or internal fixation with a Herbert screw. At a median of ten years after the injury, seventy-five (93%) of the eighty-one patients who were still alive were assessed clinically and radiographically.

    RESULTS:

    All fractures united. A significant increase in the prevalence of osteoarthritis in the scaphotrapezial joint was found in the operatively treated group. No differences in subjective symptoms, as measured with limb-specific outcome scores, were found between the two groups. The range of motion and grip strength were greater, but not significantly greater, in the nonoperatively treated group.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    This study did not demonstrate a true long-term benefit of internal fixation, compared with nonoperative treatment, for acute nondisplaced or minimally displaced scaphoid fractures. The long-term risks of surgery should be considered when recommending operative treatment.

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