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  • 1. Aardema, Frederick
    et al.
    Johansson, Petter
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Hall, Lars
    Paradisis, Stella-Marie
    Zidani, Melha
    Roberts, Sarah
    Choice Blindness, Confabulatory Introspection, and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms: A New Area of Investigation2014In: International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, ISSN 1937-1209, E-ISSN 1937-1217, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 83-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study is the first to investigate confabulatory introspection in relation to clinical psychological symptoms utilizing the Choice Blindness Paradigm (CBP). It was hypothesized that those with obsessive-compulsive symptoms are more likely to confabulate mental states. To test this hypothesis, an experimental choice blindness task was administered in two nonclinical samples (n = 47; n = 76). Results showed that a confabulatory introspection is significantly related to obsessive-compulsive symptoms. There was evidence for its specificity to symptoms of OCD depending on the obsessional theme addressed in the choice blindness task. However, confabulatory introspection was also found to be relevant to other symptoms, including depression and schizotypy. The results highlight a potentially fruitful new area of clinical investigation in the area of insight and self-knowledge, not limited to OCD alone, but potentially other disorders as well.

  • 2.
    Aden, U.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hugoson, P.
    Karolinska Inst, Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kostilainen, K.
    Univ Helsinki, Childrens Hosp, Helsinki, Finland..
    Mikkola, K.
    Univ Helsinki, Childrens Hosp, Helsinki, Finland..
    Mårtensson, G.
    Karolinska Inst, Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lagercrantz, H.
    Karolinska Inst, Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Westrup, B.
    Karolinska Inst, Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Fellman, V.
    Lund Univ, Pediat, Lund, Sweden..
    Huotilainen, Minna
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    The impacts of maternal singing during kangaroo care on mothers and infants2016In: European Journal of Pediatrics, ISSN 0340-6199, E-ISSN 1432-1076, Vol. 175, no 11, p. 1425-1425Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Ahmed, Ali M.
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Women are not always less competitive than men: evidence from Come Dine with Me2011In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 18, no 12, p. 1099-1101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are women less competitive than men? Many experimental and nonexperimental studies have documented gender differences in competitiveness. This article presents the results from a study that examines gender differences in competitiveness in the television show Come Dine with Me. It is a cooking show in which amateur chefs compete against each other for a cash prize. The show provides an unusual opportunity to study gender differences in a high-stakes game environment. The results demonstrate that there are no gender differences in competitiveness.

  • 4.
    Aucouturier, Jean-Julien
    et al.
    Univ Paris 06, IRCAM, CNRS, STMS,UMR9912, F-74005 Paris, France..
    Johansson, Petter
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Hall, Lars
    Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Segnini, Rodrigo
    Siemens Healthcare, Tokyo 1418644, Japan..
    Mercadie, Lolita
    Nippon Telegraph & Tel NTT Corp, Commun Sci Labs, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2430198, Japan.;Univ Bourgogne, CNRS, LEAD, UMR5022, F-21000 Dijon, France..
    Watanabe, Katsumi
    Waseda Univ, Fac Sci & Engn, Dept Intermedia Art & Sci, Tokyo 1698555, Japan.;Univ Tokyo, Res Ctr Adv Sci & Technol, Tokyo 1538904, Japan..
    Covert digital manipulation of vocal emotion alter speakers' emotional states in a congruent direction2016In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 113, no 4, p. 948-953Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that people often exert control over their emotions. By modulating expressions, reappraising feelings, and redirecting attention, they can regulate their emotional experience. These findings have contributed to a blurring of the traditional boundaries between cognitive and emotional processes, and it has been suggested that emotional signals are produced in a goal-directed way and monitored for errors like other intentional actions. However, this interesting possibility has never been experimentally tested. To this end, we created a digital audio platform to covertly modify the emotional tone of participants' voices while they talked in the direction of happiness, sadness, or fear. The result showed that the audio transformations were being perceived as natural examples of the intended emotions, but the great majority of the participants, nevertheless, remained unaware that their own voices were being manipulated. This finding indicates that people are not continuously monitoring their own voice to make sure that it meets a predetermined emotional target. Instead, as a consequence of listening to their altered voices, the emotional state of the participants changed in congruence with the emotion portrayed, which was measured by both self-report and skin conductance level. This change is the first evidence, to our knowledge, of peripheral feedback effects on emotional experience in the auditory domain. As such, our result reinforces the wider framework of self-perception theory: that we often use the same inferential strategies to understand ourselves as those that we use to understand others.

  • 5.
    Beqiri, Qendrim
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Vinstprognosernas precision: Är vinstprognoser mer träffsäkra efter införandet av IFRS?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vinstprognosernas precision är en magisteruppsats i företagsekonomi som behandlar huruvida tillämpningen av IFRS har påverkat träffsäkerheten av de vinstprognoser som görs av analytiker.

  • 6.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Financial oppression and post-separation child positions in SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper deals with post-separation child positions in two domains of practice in the Swedish welfare state: welfare benefits such as financial aid, and child contact. The area of concern is financial oppression in the context of parental separation. Empirically, the study draws upon three types of material: interviews with victimised mothers, court orders in welfare benefit appeals and court orders in contested contact cases. Findings suggest that financial abuse in the context of parental separation is a non-question in the domain of welfare benefits, and in the domain of child contact framed as a conflict between equal parties. Object without voice and with needs ignored was the typical child position in welfare benefits cases, whereas incompetent subject was more prominent in child contact cases. Age order as a form of domination may be reinforced by the practice of both domains.

  • 7.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Föräldrar med kognitiva svårigheter - att bryta ny mark: Erfarenheter från Uppsala län2012Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Pedagoger i det sociala uppdragets gränstrakter: Att hantera familjerättsliga processer, hot och våld2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 189-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing upon an explorative study of family law proceedings from a school perspective, the aim of this paper is to examine the school staff's strategies for solving or coping with problematic situations in this context. Gendered conflicts between adults and violence are extreme cases for pedagogues in school and preschool. How do staff cope with their own and the children's vulnerability? Based upopn interviews with 22 informants, the staff strategies are outlined and discussed in relation to organizational and professional circumstances and intersecting social relations of power.  An analytical construction of six types of strategies, ranging from distance keeping to normalization of own exposure, is utilized in the analysis. Findings suggests that the staff's strategies to handle challenging events in this context vary with the parent's gender, class position and ethnicity. Further, it is argued that creating a sense of safety and promoting learning among the children may be obstructed by lack of support from the school's organization, demands on staff to perform customer oriented attitudes towards parents and lack of clarity concerning the limits of the social task. In conclusion, a further aim of this article is to contribute to broader discussions on men's violence against women and children - in families as well as in workplaces and in the intersection between these two areas.

  • 9.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Skolan, familjerätten och barnen2011In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 73-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intersection between family law proceedings and the school system is a neglected area of research. Based upon a qualitative interview study involving 22 informants, this article explores how staff at school and preschool understands their professional task, when in encounters with children in difficulties in the context of family law proceedings. Which are the implications of these understandings of professionalism, for children exposed to violence? Further, the article explores the relations between established perspectives in the school domain and discourses dominating the immediate domain of family law. The results suggest that two competing perspectives shape understandings of risks, solutions and violence in dissimilar ways. When arguing from the child’s rights’ perspective, the staff prioritizes children’s safety and participation, while an upbringing perspective tends to understand violence mainly as a problem of order, with disquieting implications for vulnerable children.

  • 10.
    Domeij, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Anticompetitive marketing in the Context of Pharmaceutical Switching2013In: Nordic Perspectives on Competition in Innovation markets / [ed] Hans Henrik Lidgard, Lund: Maria Magle Publishing , 2013, p. 129-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article deals with the intersection between competition law rules on abuse of a dominant position and switching strategies employed by pharmaceutical originator companies. Switching is also known as ever-greening, product hopping or product life cycle strategies. It is one of the most topical issues in the patent-antitrust intersection today and consists in launching a slightly modified, second generation pharmaceutical, 1-2 years before the patent exclusivity expires for a first generation product. In this window originators try to migrate patients to a reformulated product. If successful, this will shield the originator from the effects of generic substitution for the first generation product. In the AstraZeneca-case the EU General Court held that a selective redrawal of marketing authorizations for a first generation product was an abuse of a dominant position under article 102 TFEU. This article focuses on other components in a switching strategy, especially the timing and content of marketing efforts by an originator company. Marketing is pro-competitive in almost all cases, but due to the special regulatory context in the pharmaceutical industry, marketing by an originator company can be used in an excluding fashion in the pharmaceutical industry. The conclusion is reached that casting the quality or price of the originator’s first generation product in a bad light, in comparison with the second generation product during exclusivity for the first generation product, may be an abuse by a dominant firm falling foul of article 102 TFEU. It is in effect equivalent to negative comparative advertising messages concerning a competitor’s soon to be launched product.

  • 11.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Stockholm Univ, Dept Econ Hist, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Testing the demand approach to reconstruct pre-industrial agricultural output2016In: SCANDINAVIAN ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, ISSN 0358-5522, Vol. 64, no 3, p. 202-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A common method to reconstruct historical national accounts is the demand approach, which calculates agricultural consumption from the development of wages and prices of agricultural and non-agricultural products assuming constant income, own price and cross price elasticities of demand. This study uses agricultural data for Sweden 1802-1950, which is more reliable than for other countries, to put the approach to test. Time series analysis shows that the demand approach could be modelled as a cointegrating relationship between per capita demand and the deflated wage. Income elasticity is estimated to +0.4. Using the estimated parameters to extrapolate Swedish agricultural consumption back to the Middle Ages accords quite well with other indicators. However, out-of-sampling shows that the 90% confidence interval is as large as +/- 0.15-0.25 natural logarithms.

  • 12.
    Edvinsson, Rodney Benjamin
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Recalculating Swedish pre-census demographic data: Was there acceleration in early modern population growth?2015In: Cliometrica, ISSN 1863-2505, E-ISSN 1863-2513, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 167-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world population growth increased in the eighteenth century, which caused real wages to decline in most countries. Eli Heckscher held the view that Swedish population growth was quite low in the seventeenth century, similar to the development in the rest of Europe, and that there was a substantial acceleration after 1720. Recent data for Sweden by Lennart Andersson Palm entail that population growth was stronger in the seventeenth century than in the eighteenth century. However, this is at variance with other types of economic data. For example, Swedish real wages increased during the seventeenth century and fell in the eighteenth century. This study attempts to resolve the anomaly and argues that Palm's estimates of Swedish population and mortality rates are too low for the seventeenth century. It presents revised annual demographic data for Sweden for the pre-census period, back to 1630. The new data indicate that there was a small acceleration in early modern population growth, due to the decreased occurrence of mortality crises, but the acceleration was not as pronounced as in the rest of the world.

  • 13. Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Domestic Violence, Family Law and School: Children's Rights to Participation, Protection and Provision2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic Violence, Family Law and School discusses the ways in which domestic violence can impact on children's lives at pre-school and school. Disputes over parental responsibility, living arrangements or child contact can create difficulties not just for the child of disputing parents, but for all children at preschool or school, as well as for staff. This book uncovers new research on an under-explored area of children's lives and social work with vulnerable children and is shaped by a comparative lens that brings both similarities and differences between England, Wales and Sweden into focus. A theoretical framework for analyses of how welfare systems tackle domestic violence is elaborated and lessons for practice that can be drawn from the findings presented are highlighted

  • 14.
    Fløttum, Kjersti
    et al.
    Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Jonasson, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages, Romance Languages.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages, Romance Languages.
    On: pronom à facettes2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    Le pronom on renferme un paradoxe sémantique. D’une part, on établit la présence d’un ou de plusieurs êtres humains comme le sujet concerné par une situation décrite. D’autre part, l’identification de ce ou ces être(s) humain(s) repose sur toute la complexité des indications contextuelles, des connaissances communes et des idées préconçues des locuteurs. Cette tension entre intension et extension, qui n’arrête pas d’intriguer les chercheurs en linguistique française, est abordée ici de plusieurs manières différentes. Ainsi le fonctionnement de on est étudié dans trois genres différents (fiction romanesque, article scientifique, conversation spontanée) et de trois perspectives théoriques (textuelle, polyphonique et contrastive).

  • 15. Hall, Lars
    et al.
    Johansson, Petter
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Lifting the Veil of Morality: Choice Blindness and Attitude Reversals on a Self-Transforming Survey2012In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 9, p. e45457-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every day, thousands of polls, surveys, and rating scales are employed to elicit the attitudes of humankind. Given the ubiquitous use of these instruments, it seems we ought to have firm answers to what is measured by them, but unfortunately we do not. To help remedy this situation, we present a novel approach to investigate the nature of attitudes. We created a self-transforming paper survey of moral opinions, covering both foundational principles, and current dilemmas hotly debated in the media. This survey used a magic trick to expose participants to a reversal of their previously stated attitudes, allowing us to record whether they were prepared to endorse and argue for the opposite view of what they had stated only moments ago. The result showed that the majority of the reversals remained undetected, and a full 69% of the participants failed to detect at least one of two changes. In addition, participants often constructed coherent and unequivocal arguments supporting the opposite of their original position. These results suggest a dramatic potential for flexibility in our moral attitudes, and indicates a clear role for self-attribution and post-hoc rationalization in attitude formation and change.

  • 16. Hall, Lars
    et al.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Parnamets, Philip
    Lind, Andreas
    Tarning, Betty
    Johansson, Petter
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    How the Polls Can Be Both Spot On and Dead Wrong: Using Choice Blindness to Shift Political Attitudes and Voter Intentions2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 4, p. e60554-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Political candidates often believe they must focus their campaign efforts on a small number of swing voters open for ideological change. Based on the wisdom of opinion polls, this might seem like a good idea. But do most voters really hold their political attitudes so firmly that they are unreceptive to persuasion? We tested this premise during the most recent general election in Sweden, in which a left- and a right-wing coalition were locked in a close race. We asked our participants to state their voter intention, and presented them with a political survey of wedge issues between the two coalitions. Using a sleight-of-hand we then altered their replies to place them in the opposite political camp, and invited them to reason about their attitudes on the manipulated issues. Finally, we summarized their survey score, and asked for their voter intention again. The results showed that no more than 22% of the manipulated replies were detected, and that a full 92% of the participants accepted and endorsed our altered political survey score. Furthermore, the final voter intention question indicated that as many as 48% (+/- 9.2%) were willing to consider a left-right coalition shift. This can be contrasted with the established polls tracking the Swedish election, which registered maximally 10% voters open for a swing. Our results indicate that political attitudes and partisan divisions can be far more flexible than what is assumed by the polls, and that people can reason about the factual issues of the campaign with considerable openness to change.

  • 17.
    Johansson, Petter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Hall, Lars
    Tarning, Betty
    Sikstrom, Sverker
    Chater, Nick
    Choice Blindness and Preference Change: You Will Like This Paper Better If You (Believe You) Chose to Read It!2014In: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, ISSN 0894-3257, E-ISSN 1099-0771, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 281-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Choice blindness is the finding that participants both often fail to notice mismatches between their decisions and the outcome of their choice and, in addition, endorse the opposite of their chosen alternative. But do these preference reversals also carry over to future choices and ratings? To investigate this question, we gave participants the task of choosing which of a pair of faces they found most attractive. Unknown to them, we sometimes used a card trick to exchange one face for the other. Both decision theory and common sense strongly suggest that most people would easily notice such a radical change in the outcome of a choice. But that was not the case: no more than a third of the exchanges were detected by the participants. We also included a second round of choices using the same face pairs, and two stages of post-choice attractiveness ratings of the faces. This way we were able to measure preference strength both as choice consistency and by looking at measures of rating differences between chosen and rejected options. We found that the initially rejected faces were chosen more frequently in the second choice, and the perceived attractiveness of these faces was increased even in uncoupled individual ratings at the end of the experiment. This result is discussed in relation to Chen and Risen's recent criticism of the Free Choice Paradigm, as it shows that choices can affect future preferences.  

  • 18. Kall, Lisa Folkmarson
    et al.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Bodily Relational Autonomy2014In: Journal of consciousness studies, ISSN 1355-8250, E-ISSN 2051-2201, Vol. 21, no 9-10, p. 100-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conceptions of autonomy in western philosophy and ethics have often centred on self-governance and self-determination. However, a growing bulk of literature also questions such conceptions, including the understanding of the autonomous self as a self-governing independent individual that chooses, acts, and lives in accordance with her or his own values, norms, or sense of sell This article contributes to the critical interrogation of selfhood, autonomy, and autonomous decision making by combining a feminist focus on relational dimensions of selfhood and autonomy with phenomenological philosophy of the embodied self as being-in-the-world. It offers a philosophical investigation of different dimensions of bodily relational autonomy by turning to phenomenological accounts of the lived body as self-reflexive. When so doing, we hope to contribute to bridging the gap that sometimes exists between discussions of autonomy in analytic moral philosophy and of freedom and facticity in phenomenological philosophy. We see this gap as unfortunate, and hold that a nuanced understanding of autonomy and autonomous decision making can be reached if these strands of philosophy are brought into dialogue.

  • 19.
    Laestander, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Måltiden som ett försoningens tecken: Närläsningar av Karen Blixens novell Babettes Gaestebud och några måltidsskildringar i Lukas- och Johannesevangelierna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Lind, Andreas
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22362 Lund, Sweden.;CNRS, STMS, IRCAM, UMR9912, Paris, France..
    Hall, Lars
    Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22362 Lund, Sweden..
    Breidegard, Bjorn
    Lund Univ, Fac Engn, Dept Design Sci, Certec,Div Rehabil Engn Res, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Balkenius, Christian
    Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22362 Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Petter
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22362 Lund, Sweden..
    Auditory Feedback Is Used for Self-Comprehension: When We Hear Ourselves Saying Something Other Than What We Said, We Believe We Said What We Hear2015In: Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, E-ISSN 1467-9280, Vol. 26, no 12, p. 1978-1980Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21. Lind, Andreas
    et al.
    Hall, Lars
    Breidegard, Bjorn
    Balkenius, Christian
    Johansson, Petter
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Auditory feedback of one's own voice is used for high-level semantic monitoring: the "self-comprehension" hypothesis2014In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5161, E-ISSN 1662-5161, Vol. 8, p. 166-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What would it be like if we said one thing, and heard ourselves saying something else? Would we notice something was wrong? Or would we believe we said the thing we heard? Is feedback of our own speech only used to detect errors, or does it also help to specify the meaning of what we say? Comparator models of self-monitoring favor the first alternative, and hold that our sense of agency is given by the comparison between intentions and outcomes, while inferential models argue that agency is a more fluent construct, dependent on contextual inferences about the most likely cause of an action. In this paper, we present a theory about the use of feedback during speech. Specifically, we discuss inferential models of speech production that question the standard comparator assumption that the meaning of our utterances is fully specified before articulation. We then argue that auditory feedback provides speakers with a channel for high-level, semantic "self-comprehension". In support of this we discuss results using a method we recently developed called Real-time Speech Exchange (RSE). In our first study using RSE (Lind et al., in press) participants were fitted with headsets and performed a computerized Stroop task. We surreptitiously recorded words they said, and later in the test we played them back at the exact same time that the participants uttered something else, while blocking the actual feedback of their voice. Thus, participants said one thing, but heard themselves saying something else. The results showed that when timing conditions were ideal, more than two thirds of the manipulations went undetected. Crucially, in a large proportion of the non-detected manipulated trials, the inserted words were experienced as self-produced by the participants. This indicates that our sense of agency for speech has a strong inferential component, and that auditory feedback of our own voice acts as a pathway for semantic monitoring. We believe RSE holds great promise as a tool for investigating the role of auditory feedback during speech, and we suggest a number of future studies to serve this purpose.

  • 22.
    Lind, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22222 Lund, Sweden..
    Hall, Lars
    Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22222 Lund, Sweden..
    Breidegard, Bjorn
    Lund Univ, Fac Engn, Dept Design Sci, Certec,Div Rehabil Engn Res, S-22222 Lund, Sweden..
    Balkenius, Christian
    Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22222 Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Petter
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Lund Univ, Lund Univ Cognit Sci, S-22222 Lund, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, Swedish Coll Adv Study, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Speakers' Acceptance of Real-Time Speech Exchange Indicates That We Use Auditory Feedback to Specify the Meaning of What We Say2014In: Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, E-ISSN 1467-9280, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 1198-1205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech is usually assumed to start with a clearly defined preverbal message, which provides a benchmark for self-monitoring and a robust sense of agency for one's utterances. However, an alternative hypothesis states that speakers often have no detailed preview of what they are about to say, and that they instead use auditory feedback to infer the meaning of their words. In the experiment reported here, participants performed a Stroop color-naming task while we covertly manipulated their auditory feedback in real time so that they said one thing but heard themselves saying something else. Under ideal timing conditions, two thirds of these semantic exchanges went undetected by the participants, and in 85% of all nondetected exchanges, the inserted words were experienced as self-produced. These findings indicate that the sense of agency for speech has a strong inferential component, and that auditory feedback of one's own voice acts as a pathway for semantic monitoring, potentially overriding other feedback loops.

  • 23.
    Lindgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. romanska.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). romanska.
    Transgresser la nétiquette.: L’échange régulateur comme construction de la communauté virtuelle2007In: La langue du cyberespace: de la diversité aux normes.: Actes du Colloque CMT à Bordeaux, mai 2006., Paris: L’Harmattan , 2007, p. 149-160Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Mathias, Broth
    et al.
    Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Stockholms universitet.
    Mats, ForsgrenInstitutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Stockholms universitet.Coco, NorénUppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Uppsala University, Interfaculty Units, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).Sullet-Nylander, FrancoiseInstitutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Stockholms universitet.
    Le francais parlé des médias: Actes du colloque de Stockholm 8-12 juin 20052007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Argument d'autorité, polyphonie et discours rapporté2006In: Le sens et ses voix. Dialogisme et polyphonie en langue et en discours, 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Interfaculty Units, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). romanska.
    Dialoguer à l’écrit. Réflexions sur les activités langagières du t’chat voila.fr2006In: Construction, acquisition et communication. Études linguistiques de discours contemporains., 2006, p. 18-Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 27.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Le discours direct et la notion d'énonciation2004In: Le discours rapporté dans tous ses états / [ed] S. Marnette et al., Paris: L'Harmattan , 2004, p. 87-104Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Interfaculty Units, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Le Discours Écrit Représenté à l'Oral comme stratégie argumentative2004In: Genres et rhétorique des discours médiatiques, Aalborg University Press, Aalborg , 2004, p. 18-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Interfaculty Units, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    'On dit qu'on est speed'. L'emploi du pronom ON dans le français parlé2004In: Sept approches à un corpus. Analyses du francais parlé, Peter Lang, Bern , 2004, p. 237-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Interfaculty Units, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). romanska.
    Réflexions sur le t'chat comme moyen d'acquisition du FLE.2006In: Synergie Pays Scandinaves, no 1, p. 11-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 31.
    Norén, Coco
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Interfaculty Units, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). romanska.
    Vem är on? Tredje personen i polyfoniteorin.2006In: Sprogligt polyfoninetverk, p. 18-Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 32.
    Norén, Coco
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Nölke, Henning
    ScaPoLine: La théorie scandinave de la polyphonie linguistique2004Book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Oxenswärdh, Anette
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Co-creation of values between some bed and breakfast providers and their guests2018In: Journal of Research in Business and Management, ISSN 2347-3002, Vol. 5, no 7, p. 13-27Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Oxenswärdh, Anette
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Student learning processes for sustainable knowledge.2017In: 6th M-Sphere Conference, in September 2017. Multidisciplinarity in Business & Science. Organized and hosted by Polytechnic Institute of Viseu (IPV), Portugal. Paper presentation. Student learning processes for sustainable knowledge., Viseu, Portugal, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The concept of sustainability has become one of today's most widely used and controversial concepts. It is therefore important to develop activities within all educational contexts in order to increase understanding of the goals for more sustainable practice. This also means that professors themselves must take more responsibility for their assignments, interpret and understand the content of the concept of sustainability and demands for new courses. They need, doubtlessly and naturally, new methods and tools. Traditionally professors plan their lessons, different tasks and how they are to be assessed, entirely themselves. This is now slowly changing not least due sustainability approaches. Today there is demand for more collective learning practices, not only among students, but also among university professors themselves.

    Objective: This paper aims to study how some students are using the course design to create knowledge on Sustainable Business Development, within the division of Quality Technology of the Department of Engineering Sciences at Uppsala University. Methods: This paper studies Sustainable Business Development a course at Uppsala University in spring 2017, included both theoretical and practical exercises. In this study it was used qualitative and quantitative approaches, inquires, observations, focus group discussions interviews with students as well as documentation over the course design were used as empirical sources.

    Results: Students learned through both individual and collective learning processes. Literature studies, scalable learning sequences, organized individually, gave them pre-under- standing and the tools for further knowledge. The discussions in groups clarified and deepened they understanding of sustainability. They experienced that the whole process of learning got easier to manage by collective learning. Research shows that there is a need for balancing these two learning processes to maximize students’ learning. The processes of collective learning seem to even support low performing students.

    Conclusions: The results show that educational organizations are in great need of creating tools and arrange structures and give space and time for this combined type of learning for all students. This to create understanding for the issues students are learning in general and not at least on issues of sustainability. 

  • 35.
    Oxenswärdh, Anette
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Understanding of assignment and responsibility through learning process within organizational change/development2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

                                         

    Understanding of assignment and responsibility through learning process within organizational change/development

     

    Anette Oxenswärdh, Phd

    Uppsala University /Campus Gotland

    anette.oxenswardh@angstrom.uu.se

    Cramérgatan 3, 621 67 Visby, Sweden

     

    Abstract

    The starting point of this study is the changed governance of schools in Sweden. Decentralization has not only increased the freedom of schools but also responsibility at the different levels of the school system. This in turn has given greater scope for interpreting the assignment. In recent years, however, a certain return to regulation has been evident.

    Methodology/Approach

    Theoretically the concept of responsibility is elucidated as a term in philosophy, organization theory, and psychology-education. Responsibility in school can be described as a relationship between the commissioner’s exaction of responsibility and the contrac- tor’s assumption of responsibility. This can cause uncertainty in matters of responsibility. Active school measures may be viewed as a way to clarify responsibility issues.

    Two models of school development have been selected in order to study how they affect the school actors’ understanding of assignment and responsibility. Two case studies examine a number of conceptual dimensions that illustrate different aspects of the assumption of responsibility.

    Findings

    The results show that these two development models and the active measures to which they give rise shape in various ways the actors’ understanding of assignment and responsibility. These can be considered to place the emphasis on different parts of the control system. The Scope for Action Model emphasizes the role of the local school with the aid of a bottom-up strategy as regards the school’s assumption of responsibility. The Effective Schools Model emphasizes the political level in a more top-down strategy.

    The main results show that the school development models contributed to increased cooperation between professionals, partly by exposing the organization and its boundaries, management, and different occupational roles. The cooperation exposes the obstacles but also the opportunities for change and development in the school’s own organization.

     

    A further finding is that the school development models led to the exposure and creation of responsibility structures in the schools. Structures revealed included the organizational structure, management structures, communication and cooperation structures such as the teacher team and different kinds of development groups.

    All these active measures furthered the individual and collective learning processes through which the professionals’ understanding of assignment and responsibility is (re)shaped. This understanding in turn constitutes an essential part of the professionals’ competence development and professional development.

    The professionals’ autonomy is essential for increased commitment, motivation, and understanding. Proceeding from the professionals’ own needs when implementing de- velopment measures further increases their motivation and serves as a motor driving the work of development.

    The learning process should be staged and designed as different arenas for more effectively satisfying the different needs of competence in the professionals. School development as learning should be continuous, with the aid of organization, support, leadership, and encouragement. School development should be the responsibility of all levels.

    Key words: responsibility, accountability, understanding assignment and responsibility, learning, professional development

     

     

     

     

  • 36.
    Palmgren, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra and Geometry. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Constructivist and structuralist foundations: Bishop's and Lawvere's theories of sets2012In: Annals of Pure and Applied Logic, ISSN 0168-0072, E-ISSN 1873-2461, Vol. 163, no 10, p. 1384-1399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bishop's informal set theory is briefly discussed and compared to Lawvere's Elementary Theory of the Category of Sets (ETCS). We then present a constructive and predicative version of ETCS, whose standard model is based on the constructive type theory of Martin-Lof. The theory, CETCS, provides a structuralist foundation for constructive mathematics in the style of Bishop.

  • 37.
    Schirmer, Werner
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Weidenstedt, Linda
    Reich, Wendelin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    From Tolerance to Respect in Inter-Ethnic Contexts2012In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 38, no 7, p. 1049-1065Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When advocates of multiculturalism promote democratic values, they often call for tolerance and respect. The pairwise usage of these concepts wrongly presumes a similar, if not the same, positively connoted meaning. This article depicts an important difference between respect and tolerance, not only in terms of semantics but also regarding the concepts' impact on social interactions. Being tolerated often means to be 'put up with' or to be grudgingly ignored. Multicultural approaches that are based on tolerance, then, may send misleading signals, as they implicitly state that members of ethnic and racial minorities are actually not welcome. We argue that respect conveys a more suitable message for successful multicultural policy programmes. Drawing on a sociological theory of respect that connects respect with the agency of the target person, we show that respect means treating people as autonomous agents whose will and interests are taken seriously and who are not looked down on.

  • 38.
    Spiliopoulou Åkermark, Sia
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Interfaculty Units, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Minoritetskvinnors rätt till familjeliv och artikel 8 i Europeiska konventionen om de mänskliga rättigheterna2003In: Retfærd, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 76-86Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 39.
    Sulas, Federica
    et al.
    CNR, Ist Storia Europa Mediterranea, Via GB Tuveri 128, Cagliari, Italy.;Univ Pretoria, Dept Anthropol & Archaeol, ZA-0002 Pretoria, South Africa..
    Fleisher, Jeffrey
    Rice Univ, Dept Anthropol, Houston, TX USA..
    Wynne-Jones, Stephanie
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Univ York, Dept Archaeol, York, N Yorkshire, England..
    Geoarchaeology of urban space in tropical island environments: Songo Mnara, Tanzania2017In: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 77, p. 52-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Past urban settlements in tropical island environments offer particularly challenging sites for mainstream archaeology. Often associated with shallow stratigraphic sequences, archaeological sediments and soils in these sites are strongly influenced by local geology and seawater. This study discusses the advantages and challenges of developing an integrated geoarchaeological programme to examine the use of space at the Swahili stonetown of Songo Mnara Island, Tanzania. This exceptionally well preserved site, occupied for less than two centuries (C14th-16th AD), comprises a complex urban layout with stone built houses, wattle-and-daub structures, funerary complexes, activity areas such as wells, and open areas. The programme has combined geoarchaeological (soil macro-and micromorphology, ICP-AES, pH, EC), geophysical (magnetic susceptibility) and archaeological (large excavations, test trenches, artefact distribution mapping) techniques to investigate the use of space across different contexts. Initial geoarchaeological prospection and opportunistic soil sampling have allowed framing of the island's environmental settings and archaeological deposits as well as outlining open spaces in between buildings. Subsequent research applied a systematic sampling strategy to map geochemical and artefact distributions in conjunction with context-specific soil micromorphology. The results provide a means to map out the impact of occupation across the site as well as to differentiate between open, roofed and unroofed spaces. ICP-AES results, for example, demonstrate that measurements of Ca, Mg, P, S and Sr levels can help discriminate occupation/activity areas in tropical island environments. They also indicate that the depletion of certain elements (e.g. Na, K, and Ni) should be considered as a means of differentiating between roofed and unroofed spaces. The combination of different methodologies demonstrates the importance of addressing discrepancies as well as correlations between multiple datasets for deciphering features within urban spaces in tropical environments and interpreting ancient activities that occurred within them.

  • 40.
    Toledano, Sarah Jane
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Zeiler, Kristin
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Linkoping Univ, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Hosting the others' child?: Relational work and embodied responsibility in altruistic surrogate motherhood2017In: Feminist Theory, ISSN 1464-7001, E-ISSN 1741-2773, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 159-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on surrogate motherhood have mostly explored paid arrangements through the lens of a contract model, as clinical work or as a maternal identity-building project. Turning to the under-examined case of unpaid, so-called altruistic surrogate motherhood and based on an analysis of interviews with women who had been unpaid surrogate mothers in a full gestational surrogacy with a friend or relative in Canada, the United States or Australia, this article explores altruistic surrogate motherhood as relational work. It argues that this form of surrogate motherhood within close interpersonal relations can be conceptualised through the relational work involved in hosting a child for the intended parents. The article explores how relational work in this context implies an embodied, asymmetrical and far-reaching sense of responsibility that surrogate mothers describe as characteristic of their surrogacy experience. In this way, the article sheds light on feminist concerns about surrogacy as an embodied and objectifying work of women while at the same time illuminating how surrogate mothers respond to the intended parents in light of their pre-surrogacy relationship, how meanings are negotiated by them and how relationships are managed during the pregnancy.

  • 41.
    Trouche, Emmanuel
    et al.
    CNRS, Lab Language Brain & Cognit, Paris, France..
    Johansson, Petter
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Lund Univ, Cognit Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Hall, Lars
    Lund Univ, Cognit Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Mercier, Hugo
    Univ Neuchatel, Ctr Cognit Sci, Espace Louis Agassiz 1, CH-2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland..
    The Selective Laziness of Reasoning2016In: Cognitive science, ISSN 0364-0213, E-ISSN 1551-6709, Vol. 40, no 8, p. 2122-2136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reasoning research suggests that people use more stringent criteria when they evaluate others' arguments than when they produce arguments themselves. To demonstrate this selective laziness, we used a choice blindness manipulation. In two experiments, participants had to produce a series of arguments in response to reasoning problems, and they were then asked to evaluate other people's arguments about the same problems. Unknown to the participants, in one of the trials, they were presented with their own argument as if it was someone else's. Among those participants who accepted the manipulation and thus thought they were evaluating someone else's argument, more than half (56% and 58%) rejected the arguments that were in fact their own. Moreover, participants were more likely to reject their own arguments for invalid than for valid answers. This demonstrates that people are more critical of other people's arguments than of their own, without being overly critical: They are better able to tell valid from invalid arguments when the arguments are someone else's rather than their own.

  • 42.
    Wenell, Linnea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Engelska vid Uppsala universitet: En språklig analys av examensarbeten vid institutionen för informationsteknologi2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den föreliggande studien är att undersöka språksituationen och grammatiken i examensarbeten publicerade vid den informationsteknologiska institutionen vid Uppsala universitet för att möjliggöra en språkdidaktisk kommentar om grammatikundervisning. Den didaktiska kommentaren syftar till att peka på var behov av undervisning finns hos elever och studenter, vilket då vägleder engelsklärare. Dels undersöks hur många examensarbeten som skrivits på engelska mellan åren 2008 och 2015, dels undersöks grammatiska fel som förekommer i ett urval från 14 av uppsatserna. En värdering av felens allvarsgrad görs med stöd från tidigare forskningsundersökningar om modersmålstalares uppfattningar om grammatiska fel. 

    Som metod används felanalys för att insamla, identifiera, kvantifiera, förklara och värdera felen. Materialet är insamlat från DiVA och samtliga uppsatser är skrivna vid den informationsteknologiska institutionen vid Uppsala universitet. Målspråkets grammatiska normer är vad felen analyseras och värderas utifrån. 

    Resultatet är att engelska används i högre grad i examensarbeten under 2015, att samtliga uppsatser innehåller grammatiska fel men att frekvensen därav skiljer sig, att de vanligaste grammatiska felen involverar S/V-kongruens, prepositioner och verb, samt att de vanligaste felen som finns i uppsatserna graderas allvarliga av modersmålstalare. Slutsatserna i undersökningen är att språkval på universitetet med fördel kan ses över, men att enkom skriva på svenska inte är lösningen då syftet med engelskan är att sprida undersökningar utanför Sverige. Slutsatserna är även att fel förekommer i samtliga uppsatser trots att de bör vara noggrant genomlästa, samt att de vanligaste felen i uppsatserna är allvarliga fel, vilka kan påverka en läsares uppfattning om uppsatsen och skribenten. Didaktiskt pekar undersökningen på områden inom engelsk grammatik där flest fel görs och där undervisning, både på gymnasienivå och universitetsnivå, kan minska dessa. Formell grammatikundervisning, vilket visat positiva resultat i tidigare studier, skulle kunna minska de fel som förekommer, därmed är studien av vikt för utbildningsvetenskapen och språkdidaktiken.

  • 43.
    Wittrock, B
    Uppsala University, Interfaculty Units, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Modernity: One, none, or many? European origins and modernity as a global condition2000In: DAEDALUS, ISSN 0011-5266, Vol. 129, no 1, p. 31-60 Language: EnglishArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 44.
    Wittrock, Björn
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Understanding a Divide: A Symposium on a Fateful Public Conversation, Davos 19292015In: History of European Ideas, ISSN 0191-6599, E-ISSN 1873-541X, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 423-431Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Wynne-Jones, Stephanie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History. Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Univ York, Dept Archaeol, York YO1 7ED, N Yorkshire, England..
    Fleisher, Jeffrey
    Rice Univ, Dept Anthropol, Houston, TX 77251 USA..
    Fifty years in the archaeology of the eastern African coast: a methodological history2015In: Azania, ISSN 0067-270X, E-ISSN 1945-5534, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 519-541Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the archaeology of the coast of eastern Africa is closely associated with the earliest days of the British Institute in Eastern Africa and in many ways quickly became synonymous with the Institute's journal - Azania. This is not surprising given that Neville Chittick, the first Director of the Institute and initial editor of Azania, was most actively engaged with research on the eastern African Swahili coast. Since those early years, many researchers have described the changing paradigms of coastal archaeology, often through the lens of wider political and theoretical changes and framed with reference to periods of colonialism, independence and post-colonialism. In this paper, we seek instead to document and describe the methodological and analytical changes that have occurred in the archaeology of eastern Africa over the decades that Azania has been published. We focus on three broad methodological areas and chart their emergence, use and transformation over time: urban archaeology, ceramics and typology and survey and reconnaissance. We then offer a discussion of the diversity of current methodologies and the introduction of scientific techniques and how they have served to shape the type of questions that can be asked and answered. Finally, we call for a continued commitment to local dissemination for coastal researchers: a job for which Azania retains its important role.

  • 46.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    A philosophical defense of the idea that we can hold each other in personhood: intercorporeal personhood in dementia care2014In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 131-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since John Locke, regnant conceptions of personhood in Western philosophy have focused on individual capabilities for complex forms of consciousness that involve cognition such as the capability to remember past events and one's own past actions, to think about and identify oneself as oneself, and/or to reason. Conceptions of personhood such as Locke's qualify as cognition-oriented, and they often fail to acknowledge the role of embodiment for personhood. This article offers an alternative conception of personhood from within the tradition of phenomenology of the body. The article presents a phenomenological analysis of joint musical activity in dementia care and outlines an intercorporeal conception of personhood based on this analysis. It also provides a philosophical basis for the idea that others can hold us in personhood, and it questions a strict one-body-one-person logic that has pertained in much personhood debate.

  • 47.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Neither property right nor heroic gift, neither sacrifice nor aporia: the benefit of the theoretical lens of sharing in donation ethics2014In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 171-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two ethical frameworks have dominated the discussion of organ donation for long: that of property rights and that of gift-giving. However, recent years have seen a drastic rise in the number of philosophical analyses of the meaning of giving and generosity, which has been mirrored in ethical debates on organ donation and in critical sociological, anthropological and ethnological work on the gift metaphor in this context. In order to capture the flourishing of this field, this article distinguishes between four frameworks for thinking about bodily exchanges in medicine: those of property rights, heroic gift-giving, sacrifice, and gift-giving as aporia. These frameworks represent four different ways of making sense of donation of organs as well as tissue, gametes and blood, draw on different conceptions of the relations between the self and the other, and bring out different ethical issues as core ones. The article presents these frameworks, argues that all of them run into difficulties when trying to make sense of reciprocity and relational interdependence in donation, and shows how the three gift-giving frameworks (of heroism, sacrifice and aporia) hang together in a critical discussion about what is at stake in organ donation. It also presents and argues in favour of an alternative intercorporeal framework of giving-through-sharing that more thoroughly explicates the gift metaphor in the context of donation, and offers tools for making sense of relational dimensions of live and post mortem donations.

  • 48.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS).
    Malmquist, Anna
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Lesbian shared biological motherhood: the ethics of IVF with reception of oocytes from partner2014In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 347-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In vitro fertilization (IVF) with reception of oocytes from partners (ROPA) allows lesbian mothers to share biological motherhood. The gestational mother receives an egg from her partner who becomes the genetic mother. This article examines the ethics of IVF with ROPA with a focus on the welfare of the woman and the resulting child, on whether ROPA qualifies as a "legitimate" medical therapy that falls within the goals of medicine, and on the meaning and value attributed to a biologically shared bond between parents and child. We also contrast IVF with ROPA with egg donor IVF for heterosexual couples and intrafamilial live uterus transplantation with IVF, and show how Swedish legislation makes certain ways of sharing biological bonds out of place. In Sweden, IVF with ROPA is illegal, egg donor IVF for heterosexual couples is allowed and practiced as is sperm donor IVF for lesbians, and live uterus transplantation is performed within a research project (though not allowed in regular health care). But is ROPA really ethically more problematic than these other cases? The article argues that IVF with ROPA gives rise to fewer ethical questions than does live uterus transplantation with IVF and, in some cases, egg donor IVF.

  • 49.
    Östling, Johan
    Uppsala University, The Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (SCASSS). Lund Univ, Sweden..
    The Swansong Of The Mandarins: Humboldt's Idea Of The University In Early Post-War Germany2016In: Modern Intellectual History, ISSN 1479-2443, E-ISSN 1479-2451, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 387-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of the Second World War, Germany saw an intensive debate about the idea of the university and its future role in society. All were agreed that the country's universities had to be revitalized after the ravages of Nazism, but the question was what weight should be given to the classical German heritage, and the Humboldtian tradition in particular. The mandarins, the older humanist scholars, dominated the public debate about the fundamental principles of research and higher education, and this essay focuses on the contribution made by three of themKarl Jaspers, Gerhard Ritter, and Werner Richter. In making their points, they all revealed a strong historical orientation, but equally very different views on the Humboldtian legacy. This essay argues that their ideas about the German university must be seen against the background of the specific experiences of their generation. In the event, the immediate post-war period was the last time their academic ideals were to gain much of a hearing. The university debate proved to be the swansong for Germany's intellectual elite.

1 - 49 of 49
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