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  • 1.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology .
    La Rocca, Antonella
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Lind, Frida
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management. Universita' Politecnica delle Marche.
    Shih, Tommy
    Starting up in Business Networks: Why relationships matter in entrepreneurship2016 (ed. 1st)Book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Abdallah, Ali
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    The perception of Nuclear powerin Sweden: How engineering students view it2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nuclear power has been an important part of the electricity generatingin Sweden in almost half a century. However, the use of nuclear powerraises many complex issues such as economy, accident risks, andradioactive waste management and storage. Nuclear power has thereforebeen debated intensively in Sweden as in many other countries since the1970s. Several countries have changed their nuclear policy and starteddecommissioning programs following the nuclear accident in Fukushimaback in 2011. Citizens' support for nuclear power has declined worldwidein last few years, including in Sweden. This study aims to investigatethe perception of nuclear power among engineering students and showsthat the majority of engineering students, who generally are positivetowards technology, have been affected by their surrounding and areagainst nuclear power. Engineering students in general, both supportersand opponents of nuclear power, agree that Sweden should gradually phaseout nuclear power and replace it by renewable energy sources.

  • 3.
    Abuzohri, Ahmed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Business Development: Market research & feasibility study of a PV-wind hybrid system for commercial use2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The definition of environmental sustainability has emerged strongly in the past decades. Industrial organizations worldwide have gone through a number of changes to take their social responsibilities and maintain sustainability by, among other things, replacing the conventional energy-based applications by renewable energy-based solutions. A so-called hybrid power system for electrification, consisting of wind turbines and solar panels, was developed by Vertical Wind AB to be installed on rooftops of residential buildings. The present thesis project analyzed the willingness of the large real estate companies in Uppsala region to adopt the new concept for electrification and conducted a market research on the new developed wind turbines, by Vertical Wind AB, in addition to solar- and wind resources in the target locations. It turned out that the willingness of having such a power system for electrification was high but not extremely high as expected and the hybrid power system was perceived as any other product or investment on the market where profitability is the vital decision parameter while the environmental aspect was slightly considered.

  • 4.
    Ahlberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Kostnadseffektiv IT-leverans: IT Financial Management hos bank- och försäkringsbolaget Skandia2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    IT-organisationer börjar ta större och större plats i bolags affärsverksamhet, och är idag även en av de största kostnadsposterna. I samband med detta ökar kraven på den IT som levereras där bland annat fler vill ha bättre insyn i vad som levereras och hur mycket leveransen kostar. Detta behov av insyn återfinns både hos IT-leverantören och hos deras kunder. Problem finns emellertid att göra IT mätbart i finansiella termer.  IT Financial Management (ITFM) är ännu i sin linda, men är en arbetsprocess som tar sig an denna problematik; Att kunna ge finansiell data på IT-tjänster. ITFM är en del av det vidare begreppet IT Service Management, vilket syftar till att beskriva hur IT som tjänst levereras på bästa sätt till en kund.  

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur IT Financial Management bedrivs hos bank- och försäkringsbolaget Skandias interna IT-leverantör Skandia IT Services (SITS), och hur dessa skulle vilja att denna verksamhets bedrivs framöver. Uppsatsen undersöker också om det finns stödverktyg som skulle kunna hjälpa dem att nå sin uppsatta ITFM-vision. Detta görs genom en undersökning av två verktyg; Service-Now.Com, och Digital Fuel. Dessa verktyg jämförs i hur bra de kan möta SITS identifierade behov, och hur mycket ett ägarskap skulle kosta dem. Undersökningen visar att Digital Fuel kan möta uppsatta krav bättre, men att Service-Now.Com kan göra nästan lika mycket till en lägre kostnad. Detta leder till att denna uppsats anser att Service-Now.Com möter Skandias behov bäst.  

    Rapporten bygger på teorier och intervjuer. Teorierna behandlar Service Management, IT Financial Management, modeller för val av stödverktyg, och deras kostnader. Intervjuerna skedde dels med personal hos SITS, dels med leverantörerna av stödverktygen. Dessa – teorierna och resultaten från intervjuer - är sedan sammanförda i en analys som diskuterar hur ett stödverktyg skulle kunna hjälpa SITS i deras framtida ITFM-arbete genom att underlätta en stor del av det interna arbetet, samt kunna hjälpa till att underlätta för Skandias resterande affärsverksamhet genom att bidra med information som gör IT-organisationen mer transparent och mätbar. Ett verktyg som stöd kan också hjälpa till att redogöra för hur mycket olika delar av IT kostar, vad som bygger dessa kostnader, och vilken affärsnytta som IT-leveransen genererar. Detta skulle kunna underlätta beslutsfattande och analys av den finansiella situationen kring IT, vilka är problem som SITS ser i deras nuvarande arbetssätt.

  • 5.
    Ahlström, Christoffer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Biology Education Centre.
    Röjås, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Framtida konsumtion på befintliga och nya handelsplatser: En plats- och konsumentundersökning för obemannade självservicebutiker2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our demands on services and availability increases at the same time as the society gets more urbanized and more people tends to commute. In order to facilitate the consumer, technology based self-service (TBSS) stores might survive and thrive. This thesis had a focus on finding out the general public's perception on TBSS stores and how they perceive the availability even if it is unmanned. The extended marketing mix contains people as a means of competition and we wanted to investigate whether this competitive mean could be ruled out which would mean that the extended marketing mix needs to be revised.

    In order to find out the people's perception of the TBSS concept a short enquiry were constructed containing three questions. People from Uppsala central station and four countryside towns, corresponding to two percent of the population, answered this enquiry. In order to collect data for information concerning establishment a factor rating method with five chosen factors were performed.

    From the results of the enquiry we found that the majority of the respondents have a positive attitude towards TBSS, which means that the competitive mean people are not critical when it comes to consumer perception of accessibility; conclusion from this is that the extended marketing mix needs to be revised. The products that was stated most frequently were edible goods followed by ticket and fuel services. The analysis using the factor rating method exemplifies a way for companies to compare differents places for establishment from various chosen factors.

  • 6.
    Algerstam, Jens
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Trappan till Trappan2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Thesis aims to explore how to integrate an IT-system for facilitating anorganizations work with Continous Impprovements.This is done here by examining and analyzing the process within a handful ofcompanies who seem to have been successful with their own implementations. Thestudy is focused on the implementation of one particular system, "System C2".Simliarities and differences between the companies, and the established rule of thumbfor these kind of activities are focused upon. This to emphasis how another actormight emulate some of the apparent success.Part of the core question is found in the title, since Continous Improvement is oftenseen as a relativly low-risk activity, is it then also possible to take a low-risk slow pathto the implementation of such a system in the entire organization?

  • 7.
    Alostaz, Gamal
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Commercializing microgrid technology: the case of Loccioni Group2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Achieving commercialization targets and required market shares for sophisticated and new energy solutions is a challenge that requires different strategies and a good understanding of the market requirements. Research recognizes that commercialization of innovative solutions is a complex phenomenon and extremely crucial for its success. However, very few studies tried to understand what opportunities could be tapped from the current barriers through commercializing innovations. This study investigates what barriers micro grid solutions face during its commercialization process and its related equipment in both Italy and Germany.

    This research uses both qualitative and quantitative data to understand the barriers and opportunities phenomena faced by microgrid solutions. The qualitative data had been collected through ten interviews with key-actors in the company where the case study took place. In order to analyze and make conclusions from these interviews, a theoretical framework has been built up with theories, articles and papers regarding subjects such as innovation management, commercialization of innovations, management practices within business to business (B2B) context, industrial management and marketing, technical-systems analyses and value innovation. The empirical findings were processed and studied considering four main aspects which are technological, financial as well as regulations and policies.

    Results suggest that many of the key-actors consider the lack of financial incentives as a barrier regarding a faster micro grid or any of its individual components’ development in either Italy or Germany. The short comings or lack of incentives are often consequences of the absence of political regulations that favor smart investments in the electricity grid. However, this won’t stop industries from adapting such solutions in the short term because of the increased awareness of energy savings as well as its affordability after being better established.

    Results suggest as well that the main solution to overcoming commercialization problems could be tapped through detailed market research analyses, proper strategy implementation, a focused organization structure and a dedicated project team as well as smart financing mechanisms to give an added value and discrepancy from the many competitors in the marketplace. In addition, continue on developing new solutions that will always give the competitive advantage and raise the technical barriers among the other players in the market.

  • 8.
    Alsterlund, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Effektiva återkopplingsverktyg för elanvändning: En studie som syftar till att identifiera utvecklingsmöjligheter för att uppnå ett mer hållbart energisystem år 20302015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Feedback tools support electricity users within the Swedish residential sector to increase their knowledge of electricity and the electricity market as well as to become more aware of their electricity consumption, which in turn encourages a reduction and an increased flexibility of electricity use. The primary aim of this study is to identify and analyse how existing feedback tools can be improved, to ensure that they contribute efficiently to the achievement of the EU objectives congruent with a more sustainable energy system in 2030, emphasizing: greenhouse gas reduction, increased energy efficiency and an increased share of renewable energy. In order to reach the primary aim of this study, existing feedback tools have been identified and mapped and interviews with feedback tools providers have been conducted. The study is limited to three research areas: the practical functions of feedback tools, available technology and the use of feedback tools.

    The use of more efficient feedback tools will provide an increased success rate for energy management, which includes both behavioural changes and energy efficiency. According to the results from the interviews conducted for this study, an increased use and user frequency is important to utilise the energy management potential. Efficient feedback tools can be achieved by developing existing tool functions. The desired development aims to reduce the effort required of the user, promote immediate and continuous feedback and to increase usability. However, the study shows that in order to achieve maximum effect, adaptions to specific needs of the users have to be made. An increased efficiency may also be achieved with additional features to allow more flexible consumption and encourage further energy efficiency measures.

    The technical aspect is important in order to implement more efficient feedback tools. Existing techniques for data collection should be developed in order to reduce the effort required of the user, enhance the quality and resolution of the data and finally prevent technology limitations, hence enabling feedback tools to be used by all users.

  • 9.
    Amaral, Marcelo Francisco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Integration of Dynamic Line Rating within a Risk-Based Security Assessment Framework2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following work applies Dynamic Line Rating (DLR) to a Risk-Based SecurityAssessment (RBSA) methodology with the ultimate goal to perform day-aheadforecastanalysis. DLR quantifies transmission capacities of overhead lines whilst beingdependent on ambient conditions. It takes into account variations in its surroundings,therefore making DLR less conservative compared to the traditional worst-casescenario oriented Static Line Rating (SLR). Applying DLR to overhead transmissionlines (OHLs) entails different spans of potential benefits for solving grid exhaustionproblems due to crescent electrical consumptions.The RBSA methodology allows for the assessment of security of power systemoperations in a future state under uncertainties that arise from contingencies andforecast errors, e.g., loads or renewable infeeds. The methodology models inputuncertainty with a copula integration with Monte-Carlo (MC) sampling framework.Several case-studies are executed for the assessment of DLR impacts, especiallycomparing them to SLR through the evaluation of system risk. Two case-studies areperformed for a specific time of the day, one analyzing risk and ratings and the otherconcerning system impacts upon evolution of system forecast uncertainty (SFU) tovalues above day-ahead analysis usual intervals. The following two cases are theextensions to 24 point analyses, with the same goal, although more generalized. Thefinal case study analyzes the economical impact of DLR applications and assesses analternative system configuration behavior. This alternative setup is in constantcomparison with the original configuration used throughout the project, advantagesand drawbacks of both configurations are discussed. Finally, success of thisintegration and assessment of impact and methodology is addressed in the end.

  • 10.
    Anderson Kronlid, Carl
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Sundin, Robin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Varför tror vi att vissa företagär mer hållbara än andra?: - En studie om hur företags motiv och kommunikation kringhållbarhet är relaterat till konsumenters uppfattning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Andersson, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Utvecklingen av samverkansregler mellan hälso- och sjukvården och näringslivet: Samverkan och krishantering i fält av legitimitet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration is a form of organization on the rise in Sweden. For health care, it is ofinterest to collaborate with industry to ensure that needs for specialist education andtraining are met and that products developed meet the relevant requirements.Conversely, industry actors have an interest to have a close collaboration with healthcare in order to gain insight into customer needs, provide information about theirproducts and to test products in development.The starting point of this study is an agreement and regulatory framework for formsof collaboration between public health care in Sweden in general and thepharmaceutical industry, the medical device industry and the laboratory technologyindustry. The research questions concerns how this agreement has evolved and theprocess surrounding its emergence may contribute to knowledge about collaborationas a form of organization and the relationship to concepts such as legitimacy,corruption and institutional theory.By tracking the emergence of the current regulatory framework genealogicalthroughout history, the study uncovers how the agreements have played a role in andcontributed to the legitimization and institutionalization of collaboration practices andhow crises have changed the shape of the practices. A theoretical treatment ofrelevant concepts such as legitimacy, institutionalization of practices, corruption andstigmatization of organizations form the basis for an interpretation and analysis of theprocess.The conclusions of the examination of the historical process that led to the currentagreements contribute to empirical knowledge of how crises and stigma affect thelegitimacy of collaboration practices and how the repair of legitimacy can be donesuccessfully after a crisis. The treatment of the empirical material is also a historicalsource for the development of ethics agreements between public health care andpharmaceutical industry and the medical industry in Sweden.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Dan-Erik
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Etik2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Etik handlar om gott och ont, om rätt och fel. Men det är svårt att veta vad som är gott och rätt. Hela vår tillvaro är fylld av situationer som ställer oss inför etiska frågor och problem. Vilket ansvar har vi gemensamt för att människor tvingas bo på gatan eller att sjukvården inte kommer alla till del? Utifrån tre utgångspunkter – gränsöverskridande, mångfald och ambivalens – vill författarna visa vad som har gjorts och vad man kan göra med etikbegreppet.

  • 13.
    Andersson, David
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Robertsson, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Intelligent Transportation Systems: Capturing the socio-economic value of uncertain and flexible investments2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to evaluate an alternative socio-economical valuation method (i.e., Hybrid Real Options, HRO) to the traditional benefit cost method (CBA) for the evaluation of investments within Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). The proposed alternative method will be evaluated by the use of a case study where it is applied and compared to the results of the traditional method. The case study evaluates the socio-economical effects of an investment in Variable Speed Limits along a section of the motorway E18. The results of the study shows that the choice of evaluation methods affects both the investment strategy and the estimated socio-economical benefits of the investment. Using the HRO method yields twice as high socio-economical benefits compared to the CBA method. The main reason for this being that HRO account for risk and uncertainties wheras CBA only accounts for the most probable outcome of the investment. The choice of method is a complex task that involves many stakeholders however a more critical approach to the choice of socio-economical evaluation method is advocated based on the results of this study.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Development of models for quantifying the environmental impact of demand response in electrical power distribution2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this report some possible consequences of introducing demand response in the electric power grid are studied. Demand response is a part of the Smart Grid, which is a technology being developed to use our electric power grids more efficiently. Demand response programs aim to move people’s power usage over different times of the day, for example to distribute the power usage more evenly throughout the day or to permit a larger share of renewable, intermittent power sources in the system without making the delivery of electric power less stable.  A distribution system operator (DSO) can encourage customers to shift their power usage between different hours by various tariffs, for example by using time-differentiated or power dependent tariffs.

     

    In this thesis, the change in power losses and possible environmental impact of introducing due to a power shift is studied. Power input curves from a DSO, Sala-Heby Energi AB, are studied and modified to simulate a power shift with an evened out electric power usage. The studies made show that in the best-case scenario, that is a electric power usage evened out to 100% each day, the power losses in the whole grid can be reduced with 2.6%. The environmental study shows that the result varies greatly with what method is chosen to do the calculations. The results are presented in kg CO2-equivalents (CO2e), and depending on method used they can either decrease or increase. The environmental study show that the environmental impact from the power usage is more dependent on the shift in power usage between hours than the decrease in electric power losses. 

  • 15.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Gabre, Viktor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Lagbasens roll i byggproduktion: en studie om motivation och ledarskap2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the construction industry, there has been a drop in productivity in recent years, and despite the fact that motivation is a key factor when it comes to create productive work, there seems to be few studies that focus specifically on what motivates the construction worker. The studies that exist actually seem to exclude the great influence of the foreman and impact on the construction worker motivation, which this paper intends to investigate further.

    The aim of the study is therefore to understand what motivates and demotivates the construction worker and understand the role and impact of the foreman on constructions worker motivation. The influence of the foreman on the construction team seems to be non-present in studies and research within the construction industry and therefore, this thesis refers to emphasize this important role.

    The work is performed at the construction company Skanska during the spring term 2015 where the interviews took place with employed construction workers, foremen and supervisors. The study has shown that workers are proud and want to create a quality end product. Standstills and revised planning is common within construction but are obstacles to their creation and a significant demotivator at work. Lack of commitment from other co-workers creates dissatisfaction and irritation, which negatively impacts the overall motivation.

    The position as a foreman requires both extensive knowledge and experience in construction management. As it seems the foreman also should be a people person. The study has shown that the foreman has a major effect on construction worker motivation by scheduling and distribute the work fairly among the workers. It also appears that the foreman has some form of intermediate impact on workers motivation, by adjusting how the worker interprets the external factors that affect their motivation.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Mikael Svante
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Mathieu, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Normile, Peter S.
    Univ Castilla La Mancha, IRICA, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain.;Univ Castilla La Mancha, Dept Fis Aplicada, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain..
    Lee, Su Seong
    Inst Bioengn & Nanotechnol, 31 Biopolis Way, Singapore 138669, Singapore..
    Singh, Gurvinder
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, Ugelstad Lab, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Trondheim, Norway..
    Nordblad, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Angel De Toro, Jose
    Univ Castilla La Mancha, IRICA, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain.;Univ Castilla La Mancha, Dept Fis Aplicada, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain..
    Particle size-dependent superspin glass behavior in random compacts of monodisperse maghemite nanoparticles2016In: MATERIALS RESEARCH EXPRESS, ISSN 2053-1591, Vol. 3, no 4, article id 045015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dense random assemblies made from highly monodisperse gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with sizes ranging from 6.2 to 11.5 nm have been investigated by DC and AC magnetometry. It is found that all assemblies undergo superspin glass phase transitions. The superspin glass phase transition temperature is strongly dependent on the particle size and the nature of the interparticle interaction. However the transition from superparamagnet to superspin glass, as evidenced by the shape of the ac-susceptibility curves and the dynamic critical exponents associated with the transition, is similar in all systems.

  • 17.
    Andreassen, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Utbildningstjänsters påverkan på industriföretag2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional industrial companies have of nature a strong focus on increasing their return by producing cost-effective. It has however become a more competitive market and many companies are now starting to offer services to give their customer something extra. Sandvik is one traditional industrial company that is starting to invest in services.The purpose of this study is to help Sandvik find out how user-friendly education services can strengthen their business, their customer relationship and how they should create their service business.To answer these questions interviews, surveys and case studies has been used. Sandvik should market to their closest customers in a way to strengthen their relationship. It is also important that Sandvik cooperate with their customers´ when creating the services so that the services become sought after. To improve the educational services they should be tested by a person that is not involved in the creation process so that Sandvik can get valuable feedback. From the case studies it has been shown that Sandvik should focus fully on the service operation to make it succeed. It is also important that the service is interactive to capture the customer’s attention. Finally education services can be used to strengthen customer relationship which could lead to increase sales of the regular products by the indirect marketing which educational services are. Educational services should also be used internally to increase the knowledge in the company.

  • 18.
    Andreasson, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Financing life science start-up ventures in Sweden: Can funding be facilitated from British venture capital?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been carried out within the framework of the Master of ScienceProgramme in Sociotechnical Systems Engineering and performed for the SwedishTrade Council in London. The author investigates how the Swedish Trade Councilcan facilitate and bridge the contacts between venture capitalists in the UK andhigh-tech start-ups in Sweden.

    High-tech ventures in the start-up phases often face a challenge in accumulatingsufficient financial resources and skills to successfully move from concept stage tobusiness, particularly within the life sciences’. High costs associated to time consumingand demanding product development cycles may require external investors whichprovide venture capital and expertise. However, many face difficulties in attractingventure capital partly due to the so-called equity gap, which relates to financiersunwillingness for taking on risk and investing in the early-stages.

    The study shows that venture capital largely rely on local networks and are limited intheir investments’ geographical distribution. The interviewed market players alsoemphasise the importance of local networks in the investment processes. Given thesecharacteristics, it may be difficult for a Swedish company seeking venture capitalabroad without help from intermediaries. Although there is a role to fill forintermediaries in assisting in the investment discovery process, it is likely to provedifficult over time as tasks become increasingly cumbersome.

  • 19. Aoki, K.
    et al.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Whither Japanese keiretsu?: The transformation of vertical keiretsu in Toyota, Nissan and Honda 1991-20112013In: Asia Pacific Business Review, ISSN 1360-2381, E-ISSN 1743-792X, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 70-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on institutional theory, this paper discusses the transformation of vertical keiretsu in the Japanese automotive industry from 1991 to 2011. By investigating the cases of Toyota, Nissan, and Honda, the paper empirically contributes to the debate on whither the Japanese economy is heading. Long-standing relationships to suppliers and exclusiveness have changed significantly in Nissan, while remaining stable in Toyota and Honda. New competition-based elements and more open support systems have been added to earlier governance mechanisms such as power and anshin (security). We argue that the studied keiretsu since the 1990s follows diverse and complex trajectories of hybridization, and we suggest that the Japanese economy is developing similarly.

  • 20. Aoki, Katsuki
    et al.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    GLOBAL BUSINESS The New, Improved Keiretsu2013In: Harvard Business Review, ISSN 0017-8012, Vol. 91, no 9, p. 109-+Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade, some of Japan's most dominant companies have been quietly turning their supplier relationships into a tool that helps them innovate faster while radically cutting costs. This is the new keiretsu a modern version of the traditional system in which buyers formed close, collaborative associations with suppliers. Toyota provides a compelling example of how keiretsu, which lost luster during the cost-cutting of the 1990s, is being revived and reinvented. The company today has vendor relationships that are more open, more global, and more cost-conscious than traditional keiretsu ever were and that provide even stronger bonds of trust, cooperation, and educational support. The authors examine the evolution of Toyota's keiretsu and explore the numerous lessons for developed-world and emerging-market companies seeking to improve their supplier relationships for lasting gain. Such companies should think short-term and Longterm; know their suppliers well and develop trust with them; balance implicit and explicit communication; identify the suppliers most worth improving; and involve suppliers in developing new products. Those elements are critical even in a hypercompetitive, cost-obsessed environment, because as they speed production and boost innovation, they reduce the hidden costs of the arm's-length supplier relationships prevalent in the West.

  • 21.
    Aoki, Katsuki
    et al.
    Meiji University.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    The transformation of Japanese institutions and governance: The case of vertical keiretsu in Toyota, Nissan, and Honda 1990-20102011In: Academy of International Business, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about the transformation of Japanese institutions and governance, focusing on keiretsu. We identify four dimensions of keiretsu (long-standing relationships, exclusiveness, governance mechanisms: trust/power/anshin (security), and support systems) based on which we discuss transformation of keiretsu in three companies in the automotive industry (Toyota, Nissan and Honda). We draw on both quantitative data on sales volume, ownership, membership in suppliers' associations as well as qualitative data from factory visits and interviews over a period of ten years. We argue that long-standing relationships to suppliers and exclusiveness have changed significantly in the Nissan, while remaining stable in Toyota and Honda. We argue that more competition based elements have been added to governance mechanisms, but that they still are hybrid combination of trust, power and anshin. The support systems still exist, but go beyond keiretsu in Toyota and Honda, indicating more openness. We relate the development of keiretsu to company policies and economic results of the three cases, arguing that Nissan's economic situation combined with its alliance with Renault had particularly strong effects on its keiretsu.

  • 22.
    Arnholm, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Westergren, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ledare & team utan rätt förutsättningar kan aldrig nå maximal framgång: En studie om tre olika produktionsverksamheter inom Volvo Group2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been conducted at Volvo Bussar AB

    under a period of ten weeks. Within the organization

    Volvo, the work is conducted with leaders and teams

    on every level; from production to top management.

    They have three tasks, besides executing their daily

    work, they are expected to actively work on improving

    their individual work as well as themselves as persons.

    The two latter are future value adding activities for the

    organization. When doing so, however, it has been

    noticed that they often lose the grasp of their daily

    work. The question that consequently arises is why

    this happens. Is it because of lack of time or it is

    because the co-workers do not have the competence

    and simply do not know how they are to execute the

    three tasks? Or, is it because the motivation to execute

    the three tasks is not enough? With this in regard, the

    statement of issues for this bachelor thesis were the

    following: how can the conditions for leaders and the

    team be improved, in order for them to execute these

    three tasks.

    To find out why the execution of these three

    assigments did not always succeed, the decision was

    taken to conduct a survey and interview study in real

    life and at the plants. The aim for this was to find

    differences and similarities between the plants, and

    based on this, develop recommendations for

    improvement. Before the interviews and surveys were

    implemented, a lot of facts where gathered with the

    purpose of creating a solid foundation to compare the

    results with. One pilot interview was also done before

    the real ones to process the questions. The plants

    which were selected to participate were Braås (Volvo

    Construction Equipment), Borås (Volvo Bus

    Corporation) and Skövde (Group Trucks Operations).

    After the interviews and surveys were conducted,

    compiled and analyzed, areas of improvement could

    be made clear.

    The thesis contains a number of recommendations in

    different areas for Volvo Bus Corporation in order to

    improve the current conditions of the team and the

    leaders. Areas for improvement are communication,

    diversity and development. Furthermore, we

    recommend the Volvo Group to place the team and

    their professional development in focus. The

    development team will be enriched with knowledge

    and find it easier to meet their leaders. All this

    contributes to conditions for improvement of the three

    tasks. Finally, the Volvo Group should aim to work

    more with the monitoring of leadership and also

    develop a strategy for how to respond, include and

    support agency staff.

  • 23.
    Aspsjö, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Spännkraft på bandavskrapare: Utredning och konstruktion2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis was performed at Vendig AB which is a company that develops and sells products such as belt scrapers for conveyor. The thesis is divided into two parts, one part where it´s investigated which tension force is required to tighten Vendig AB´s scraper Hampus against the belt in a correct way. The second part is called mechanical design and here a new and more compact tension device is developed.

    Field studies has been conducted at a couple of Vendig AB´s costumers to get a knowledge base about how Vendig AB´s products are used, how they function and the environment they operate in. During one of the field studies the force between the scraper and the belt was measured. The result from the measurements, together with a report from LKAB [1], were evaluated and summarized in a table. The required force was recalculated for all different version of the scraper.

    After the tension force had been investigated the old tension device was evaluated and a requirement specification for a new was compiled in collaboration with Vendig AB´s group of technology. A number of concepts where then developed using the concept generator tool SCAMPER. One concept conformed very well to the requirement specification and was further developed. The concept was dimensioned by simulations in CAD, and basic drawings were made. The design solutions where discussed with suppliers and the design was updated. Finally a prototype was ordered to test and evaluate the concept. The tests revealed shortcomings in the prototype which has been evaluated and solutions has been discussed.

  • 24.
    Axelsson, Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Optimerad elnätstariff för prosumenter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to form a tariff that is economicallyadvantageous for owners of solar panels connected to the grid. On thepower distribution grid company Sala-Heby Energi Elnät AB practices atariff based on the avarage value of the five highest power peaks permounth on weekdays between 7 am to 7 pm. To investigate if anothertariff structure could be more economically advantageous for ownersof solar panels, three different types of tariff structures weretested; Power tariff, Energy tariff and Power combined with Energytariff. For all these, different parameters were changed and theprices were optimized by linear optimization. The data that was used,was collected from a representative selection of the availablehousehold costumers. Also data from available solar electricityproduction establishments was collected and virtual solar panels wasinstalled to the households, to investigate the savings of theinvestigated tariff structures. The conclusion was that an energytariff with a charged time between 9 am to 5 pm on weekdays and freehours during low load times of the days was the alternative that wasmost economically advantageous for costumers with solar panels. Inavarage, one could save 600 SEK during April-October with this tariffstructure. Though, this tariff can be disadvantageous for housholdcostumers and also imply an economical risk for SHE.

  • 25.
    Axelsson Paulsson, Victor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Konstruktion av dumpervagn: Från beställning till underlag2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes the design of a tipping trailer, from a company’s demands andrequests to complete manufacturing documentation. The design is developed for thecompany Abexor AB in Östersund that produces tipping trailers. The product issupposed to be used by Abexors customer to transport cargos of different kinds,such as gravel, stone, dirt, etc.The work commenced with a meeting at the company where demands were set.After that a pre-study was conducted to find out what traffic rules were required forthe trailer to be allowed to be driven on roads. Similar products were examined tosee how the trailer could be designed. The pre-study was followed by an idea andconcept generation. Nine different concepts were generated and the best werechosen for continued work.The concepts that were chosen resulted in a design in CAD were considerationswere taken for dimensions, traffic rules and function. Manufacturing documentationand a list of components to be bought were generated.In the section discussion and conclusions you can see what the thesis has resulted in.It’s also described what could have been done different and guidelines for futuredevelopment have been made.

  • 26.
    Azamy, Ghulam Mustafa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Konstruktion av kopplingsmeknism för SverigeGrepens skaft2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about folding an ergonomic stall fork shaft in the middle. Reason for the folding of the shaft is partly a customer wish but the main reason is the high cost of shipping. The cost of shipping will be relatively low if the package size is kept below the size of which the shipping company recommends. If you want to transport a package that is larger than the recommend size, the shipping cost well rise drastically.In this case, the cost of a package with size of one meter is deemed to be a profitable shipping cost. The problem is that the total length of the entire stall fork is 1.5 meters, which increases the shipping cost by about 100 SEK per package. Therefore, the stall fork must be folded in the middle to become cheaper to ship.The task is to get on a good and inexpensive solution to a clutch mechanism that allows customers to very easily and simply connect the two shafts together. Because of the shaft being ergonomic, it reduces physical abrasion damages and therefore is the main selling argument. That’s why it is very important not to bring any changes to the ergonomic design or, in worst case, as little as possible.The result was a coupling out of a polymer material that divides the shaft approximately from the middle, has a low weight and is easy for the consumer to assemble the two parts of the shaft.

    The work was carried out by studies of different couplings to be able to come up with a number of different proposals for splitting of the shaft. Furthermore were different materials closely examined and manufacturing methods that the coupling can be manufactured by.The result was a prototype of coupling out of a polymeric material that divides the shaft approximately in the middle, has a low weight and is easy for the consumer to assemble the two shaft halves. The coupling consists of parts, male, female and a core in the middle to make the link robust.

  • 27.
    Azemi, Qendrim
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Lindblom, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Cirkulär ekonomi i däckbranschen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Backlund, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Transportsimulering för påsar: utvärdering av påsars hållbarhet mot veckning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis results from the existing test machines that Fresenius Kabi AB, Uppsala, uses today have been compared with the complaints that the customers returns to the company. By this the differences between the damages and holes on the outer pouches of the bags could be found. Two different machines have been used: the shaking table and Gelbo Flex tester. The holes on the pouches were located by filling them with air and put them in water and look for bubbles. A microscope was used to find the reasons behind the wear. The dominating types of wear were creep, abrasive wear and fatigue wear and temperature increase makes the bag even more sensitive for any type of wear. A new type of equipment was built to be able to test the pouches on the shaking table without friction heat. These tests showed much better results that looked more like the complaints. To reduce the number of holes, new designs on the outer pouches were tested. A better design was found by using tables and PUGH-matrix, but some holes were still there. Therefore some calculations were made to get more realistic parameters so the tests got the same severity as a real transport. Some of the parameters were tested to find the ones that get results most similar to a real transport. The new design was then compared with the old one, to see if the difference was big enough to say that the new design is better even in this test. The results showed clearly that the new design was better

  • 29.
    Balint, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Beräkning av personslussars mekaniska integritet2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents an examination of the mechanical integrity and inspectability of the attachments of man locks in the containment buildings at the Forsmark nuclear power station. The objective of the report is to provide a basis for decisions related to inspection and nondestructive testing of the attachment welds.

    Two mock-ups of the man locks have been manufactured. These have been used for assessing the inspectability of the attachment welds, and for providing test pieces for load tests and reference standards for ultrasonic testing.

    Strength calculations have been performed using the computation program ANSYS 13.0, and based on load tests performed on test pieces from mock-ups. The results of these calculations indicate that the attachment welds can be expected to support the design loads. Tests show that the attachment welds can be inspected with a fiber optical camera.

  • 30.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    User-related Complexity Dimensions of Complex Products and Systems (CoPS): A Case of Implementing an ERP-system2009In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 19-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Using Information Technology in an Industrial Network. The Economic Effects of Movex within Edsbyn’s Network2009In: Use of Science and Technology in Business: Exploring the Impact of Using Activity for Systems, Organizations, and People / [ed] Håkansson, H., Prenkert, F., Waluszewski, A., & Baraldi, E, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2009, p. 205-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Axelsson, Björn
    Supply Networks2013In: The SAGE Handbook of Strategic Supply Management / [ed] Christine Harland et al., London: SAGE , 2013, p. 155-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Axelsson, Björn
    Supply Networks2013In: The SAGE Handbook of Strategic Supply Management / [ed] Christine Harland et al., London: SAGE , 2013, p. 155-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ciabuschi, F.
    Lindahl, O.
    Fratocchi, L.
    A network perspective on the reshoring process: The relevance of the home- and the host-country contexts2017In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, article id http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2017.08.016Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ciabuschi, Francesco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Gregori, Gian Luca
    Polytechnic University of Marche.
    Lindahl, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management. Universita' Politecnica delle Marche.
    Business Relationships’ International Interconnectedness: Effects on Subsidiaries Development and Headquarter relationships2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ciabuschi, Francesco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Gregori, Gian Luca
    Universita' Politecnica delle Marche.
    Lindahl, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Industrial Networks, Internationalization and Subsidiaries Development: The Case of Loccioni and its Foreign Subsidiaries2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ciabuschi, Francesco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Leach, Ross
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Infect Control Program, Geneva, Switzerland; Fac Med, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Morel, Chantal M.
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Infect Control Program, Geneva, Switzerland; Fac Med, Geneva, Switzerland; London Sch Econ & Polit Sci, London, England.
    Waluszewski, Alexandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Exploring the obstacles to implementing economic mechanisms to stimulate antibiotic research and development: a mulit-actor and system-level analysis2016In: American Journal of Law & Medicine, ISSN 0098-8588, Vol. 42, p. 451-486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This Article examines the potential stakeholder-related obstacles hindering the implementation of mechanisms to re-ignite the development of novel antibiotics. Proposed economic models and incentives to drive such development include: Public Funding of Research and Development (R&D), Tax Incentives, Milestone Prizes, End Payments, Intellectual Property (IP) and Exclusivity Extensions, Pricing and Reimbursement Incentives, Product Development Partnerships (PDPs), and the Options Market for Antibiotics model. Drawing on personal experience and understanding of the antibiotic field, as well as stakeholder consultation and numerous expert meetings within the DRIVE-AB project and Uppsala Health Summit 2015, the Authors identify obstacles attributable to the following actors: Universities and Research Institutes, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), Large Pharmaceutical Companies, Marketing Approval Regulators, Payors, Healthcare Providers, National Healthcare Authorities, Patients, and Supranational Institutions. The analysis also proposes a characterization and ranking of the difficulty associated with implementing the reviewed mechanisms. Public Funding of R&D, Pricing and Reimbursement Incentives, and PDPs are mechanisms expected to meet highly systemic barriers (i.e., obstacles across the entire antibiotic value chain), imposing greater implementation challenges in that they require convincing and involving several motivationally diverse actors in order to have much effect.

  • 38.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Forsberg, Petter Bertilsson
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Severinsson, Kristofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Crafting University-Industry Interactions: A typology and empirical illustrations from Uppsala University, Sweden2013In: University-Industry Interaction: Challenges and Solutions forFostering Entrepreneurial Universities and CollaborativeInnovation / [ed] Challenges and Solutions forFostering Entrepreneurial Universities and CollaborativeInnovation, 2013, p. 157-193Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relying on an embedded case study over two interaction-stimulating tools of Uppsala University (AIMday and SMURF), this paper addresses four research questions concerning (1) the types of university-industry interactions, (2) the way this university crafts such interactions, (3) the perceptions and assessments made of these interactions by the various involved actors, as well as (4) the differences in such perceptions and assessments. As for the first question, we formulate a typology of university-industry interactions including “participation”, “cooperation”, “collaboration” and “relationship”. As for the second question, the paper develops a process model connecting these four types of interactions and revealing the importance of a fifth type of “potential” interactions between researchers and companies, namely “contacts”. As for the third and forth question, we identify both convergence and divergence in the perceptions and assessment of university-industry interactions made by the three involved parties – researchers, companies and university management: there is convergence in researchers’ and companies’ appreciation of contacts, cooperation and collaborations, on the one hand, and the key performance indicators applied by university management to measure such interactions, on the other hand; but a divergence appears in the relative lack of indicators measuring relationships in exhaustive ways, despite the great value that both researchers and companies attribute to them. 

  • 39.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Fraticelli, Fabio
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    The connections between B2B marketing processes and IT solutions: two case studies on the application of CRM in industrial companies2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Fraticelli, Fabio
    Polytechnic University of Marche.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    The connections between B2B marketing processes and IT solutions: two case studies on the application of CRM in industrial companies2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Fraticelli, Fabio
    Polytechic University of Marche.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Gregori, Gian Luca
    Polytechnic University of Marche.
    The impact of key business relationships on the development of university spin-offs: the case of Nautes2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Gregori, Gian Luca
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Analysis and Applied Mathematics.
    Network evolution and the embedding of complex technical solutions: The case of the Leaf House network2011In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 838-852Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the connection between network evolution and technology embedding. To this end, we performed an exploratory case study of the network surrounding an eco-sustainable technology, Leaf House, Italy's first zero-carbon emission house. We apply theories on technological development within industrial networks, with a specific focus on their resource layer and on the three settings involved in embedding an innovation: “developing”, “producing”, and “using”. Our results contribute to these theories by developing four propositions on the connections between network evolution and embedding: first, technology embedding entails both downstream network expansion and upstream restrictions. Secondly, conflicts among actors increase as technology embedding approaches the producing and using settings. Third and fourth, the more the shapes a technology can assume, and the more each of these shapes involves actors acting in different settings, the easier it is to embed it. The paper concludes with managerial implications and suggestions for further research.

  • 43.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Gressetvold, Espen
    Trondheim Business School, HiST, Trondheim, Norge.
    Harrison, Debbie
    Dept of Strategy and Logistics, BI Norwegian Business school, Oslo, Norge.
    Resource interaction in inter-organizational networks: Foundations, comparison, and a research agenda2012In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 266-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is on discussing the foundations, conceptual development, and implications of resource interaction in inter-organizational networks. The article conceptualizes and classifies resources before discussing how resource interfaces enable to utilize, manage, and change resources. In doing so it provides a set of basic principles as to how resources interact at a network level, or how firms combine, develop, mobilize, and manage resources over time. This is in strong contrast to a focus on the acquisition, accumulation, and exchange of resources by the firm. The article further provides a comparison with two other research streams, the Resource-Based view (RBV) and the Service-Dominant logic (S-D logic), in order to better position this perspective on inter-organizational resource interaction. It concludes by discussing an agenda for further research.

  • 44.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Gressetvold, Espen
    Trondheim Business School, HiST, Trondheim, Norge.
    Harrison, Debbie
    Dept of Strategy and Logistics, BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norge.
    Resource interaction in inter-organizational networks: Introduction to the special issue2012In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 123-127Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Gressetvold, EspenHarrison, Debbie
    Resource Interactions in Interorganizational Networks, Special Issue2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Hadjikhani, AmjadUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    IMP 2008 – An Interactive Perspective on Business in Practice2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ingemansson Havenvid, Malena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Identifying new dimensions of business incubation: a multi-level analysis of Karolinska Institute’s incubation system2016In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 50-51, p. 53-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relying on an in-depth case study of the incubator related to the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institute's (KI), this paper identifies new analytical and strategic dimensions of incubation. Departing from the current literature's prevalent focus on incubators as organizations performing a predefined set of activities for incubatees (facility renting, coaching, training and connecting), we perform a multilevel analysis embracing, next to the organizational and the project-specific levels, also the broader institutional and inter-organizational level. Our analysis relies on seven key components of incubation, namely its time, place, sources, resources, control/governance, activities/services and outcomes. Further, we view incubators as strategic actors engaged in value creation on a broader arena than the strict incubation context, even an international arena, where incubators' choices and interactions can be analyzed with the help of concepts from various streams in the business strategy literature. The specific strategic drivers of business incubation that we identify in the KI incubator's case are six: positioning in the value chain, risk taking/time perspective, revenue model, governance/control, internationalization, and cooperation/competition. The paper concludes with managerial implications urging incubators to take more of a strategic perspective rather than focussing only on the established components of their operations.

  • 48.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ingemansson Havenvid, Malena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Öberg, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Start-ups and networks: Interactive perspectives and a research agenda2018In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Ingemansson, Malena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Projetcs as an attempt to make science into business: Embedding commercialization projects into business networks2013In: IMP Conference Atlanta 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate how science is transformed into business by means of commercialization projects, and especially the interfaces these projects create with the surrounding network. We also aim specifically at identifying which different types of interfaces can be pivotal from project to project. Our methodology relies on four comparative case studies, centered each on a specific project selected from the commercialization efforts of Karolinska Institute (Sweden). Our findings stress that, except in one case, interfaces with users/potential buyers do not play a major role in setting the commercial direction (target markets) of these projects. Instead, in the absence of a strong interface to users, the most decisive interface for setting the commercial direction is the one with financiers, which further binds all projects to Karolinska’s innovation-supporting system. Moreover, we find that the interface with the project team is never pivotal for the four analyzed project, as the human resources directly employed in the project are kept to a minimum in all of Karolinska Institute’s commercialization projects. This makes commercialization projects extremely dependent on external resources and largely unable to control their long-term development.

  • 50.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Ingemansson, Malena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History, Science and Technology Studies Center.
    Launberg, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Controlling the commercialisation of science across inter-organisational borders: Four cases from two major Swedish universities2014In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 382-391Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse howdifferent types of control are applied in different mechanisms for commercialisingscience, according to the inter-organisational interactions involved. To achievethis purpose, we followed a multiple-case study design and selected four casesfrom Uppsala University and the Karolinska Institutet that provided variationin the commercialisation mechanisms (PET Centre, Ångström Materials Academy,Actar, and Karolinska Development). We find that action and resultcontrols dominate in linear ‘spin-out’ funnel mechanisms, while interactive mechanismsentail a combination of action, result and personalcontrols. However, the inter-organisational interactions also impact whichcontrols are applied in a commercialisation mechanism: conflicting goals between a few closely related organisations or limited external interactions are associated with result controls, whileaction controls dominate in the absence of external interactions if timeand efficiency are key goals. Result controls also assume very different roles, depending on the inter-organisational context of a specific commercialisation mechanism.

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