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  • 1.
    Agee, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Between Strategy and Utopianism: Ethnic Violence and Strategic War in Lika, 19412018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis proposes two separate intents lying behind the use of violence: namely, “nationalizing” (Gumz 2001) or utopian ideology, and the strategic desire to control territory. Three hypotheses are formulated on this basis, and applied to the case of Lika in 1941. The first predicts that violence exercised by actors motivated by the first type of intent will become increasingly indiscriminate, and is strongly corroborated in the case of the Ustaše. The second hypothesis, building on Kalyvas’ (2006) model, predicts that the selective or indiscriminate nature of violence executed by actors motivated by the second type of intent will correlate with the actor’s level of control: this is largely corroborated in the case of the Italians, but only partly so in the case of the Partisans. The final hypothesis, combining the arguments of Kalyvas (2006) and Dulić and Hall (2014), predicts a stark contrast in the geographical spread of violence executed by strategic and ideological actors, and is strongly corroborated. The thesis works from a micro-level approach.

  • 2.
    Arai, Kaori
    Rikkyo University, Graduate School of Sociology.
    Öhman, May-Britt (Editor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Maruyama, Hiroshi (Editor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Subjectivity of the Ainu People Described in the Book ‘Nibutani’, Edited by Kaizawa Tadashi: A New Discovery and Approach to Ainu Research2014In: Re: Mindings: Co-Constituting Indigenous, Academic, Artistic Knowledges, Uppsala: The Hugo Valentin Centre, Uppsala University , 2014, p. 17-25Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ainu studies still lack an inside perspective from the Ainu themselves though the importance of such perspective has been recognized for a deeper understanding of the Ainu by a few Ainu and Wajin [ethnic Japanese] postmodern scholar. To begin with, Ainu “self telling history” have been considered by researchers of Ainu studies to be “non-existent.” In other words, it can be said that the very act of dealing with modern history in relation to the Ainu by those materials was under a taboo for both the Ainu and the Wajin.

    This article demonstrates that a history book of the Nibutani Community entitled “Nibutani” edited by Kaizawa Tadashi in cooperation with local residents is a rare ex- ample of modern Ainu history compiled by the Ainu themselves. The book covers all the details of each family with family trees though the Ainu hardly confessed them- selves as Ainu under severe discrimination at the time. Further most of its lifestories were collected through the interviewing of those families by Kaizawa himself. As far as the contents are concerned, some stories are related to the Ainu, whereas others are seemingly related to their personal life. Thus the book presented a variety of stories that represent the then lives of the local residents in the Nibutani Community.

    At the moment when ‘Nibutani’ was published the Ainu did not voluntari- ly talk about their own history, and neither were expected to do so. ‘Nibutani’, which was completed by Kaizawa, connected the individually divided histories to each other, and made clear the relationships between the individuals and the community. As a result, the local residents in the Nibutani Community have ap- preciated this book for highlighting their own perspectives on their local history.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

  • 3.
    Becker, Lior
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The Devils of History: Understanding Mass-violence Through the Thinking of Horkheimer and Adorno – The Case of Cambodia 1975-19792016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Why does mass-violence happen at all? This paper takes the first steps to establish a model to answer this question and explain extreme mass-violence as a phenomenon. This paper seeks to fill a gap in the field of research, in which models exist to explain the phenomenon of violence, with cases of genocide being seen as problems or exceptions, and as such researched as individual cases rather than as part of a wider phenomenon. This paper uses a selected part of the writings of Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer to establish the basis for a model to explain extreme-cases of mass-violence. The Five-Pillar Model includes 5 social elements - (1) Culture Industry (2) Mass-Media (3) Propaganda (4) Dehumanization (5) Ideological Awareness. When these pillars all reach a high enough level of severity, conditions enable elites to use scapegoating - to divert revolutionary attention to a specific puppet group, resulting in extreme mass-violence. The Five-Pillar Model is then used to analyze an empirical case - Cambodia 1975-1979 and shows how these pillars all existed in an extreme form in that case. This paper presents scapegoating as a possible explanation for the Cambodian case. 

  • 4.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kostic, RolandUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.Likic-Brboric, BrankaLinköpings universitet.
    Citizens at Heart?: Perspectives on integration of refugees in the EU after the Yugoslav wars of succession2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bidenko, Alona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Elimination and Rebirth: The German Occupation of Soviet Ukraine in the OUN-M Propaganda2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents the way the OUN-M’s newspaper Ukraïns’ke slovo framed the German occupation of Soviet Ukraine. Using a qualitative text analysis, this paper investigates sixty-six issues of the periodical, published in September-December 1941, in order to identify collective action framing that the OUN-M utilises to portray the Nazi occupation and elements of fascist ideology that are present in these frames. Combining the conceptualisation of fascism and collective action framing, the results of this study are related to the political platform of the OUN-M. The findings demonstrate that Ukraïns’ke slovo used three collective action frames to diagnose the alleged “enemies” of Ukrainians, propose a solution of eliminating these “enemies,” and motivate its audience. In the framing process, the periodical embedded fascist rhetoric in its portrayal of the German occupation of Soviet Ukraine. Furthermore, as of September-December 1941, the political platform of the OUN-M also had a strong fascist foundation. However, further research is required to explore the OUN-M as a fascist organisation.

  • 6. Bliesemann De Guevara, Berit
    et al.
    Kostić, RolandUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Knowledge and Expertise in International Interventions: The Politics of Facts, Truth and Authenticity2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge about violent conflict and international intervention is political. It involves power struggles over the objects of knowing (problematization/silencing), how they are known (epistemic practices), and what interpretations are taken into account in policymaking and implementation. This book unearths the politics, power and performances involved in the social construction of seemingly neutral concepts such as facts, truth and authenticity in knowing about violent conflict and international intervention. Contributors foreground problems of physical and social access to information, explore practices generating knowledge actors' authority and legitimacy, and analyse struggles over competing policy narratives. A first set of chapters focuses on the social construction of facts, truth and authenticity through studies of militia research in the DR Congo, politicians' on-site visits in intervention theatres in the Balkans and Afghanistan, and the epistemic practices of Human Rights Watch and comics journalism. A second set of contributions analyses the strategic side of knowledge through case studies of diplomatic counterinsurgency in Bosnia and Herzegovina, African governments' active role in the `bunkerization' of international aid workers, and authoritarian peacebuilding as a challenge to the liberal power/knowledge regime in world politics. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

  • 7.
    Borges, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Amerindian–Maroon interactions in Suriname and the Linguistic consequences2015In: Languages in contact, Wrocław: Prace Komisji Nauk Filologicznych Oddziału PAN we Wrocławiu , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Borges, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Linguistic Archaeology, Kinship Terms, and Language contact in Suriname2013In: Anthropological Linguistics, ISSN 0003-5483, E-ISSN 1944-6527, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 1-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Borges, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Particle verbs in Suriname’s creole languages2014In: Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics, ISSN 1383-4924, E-ISSN 1572-8552, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 223-247Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Borges, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Rapid Automatized Picture Naming as a Proficiency Assessment for Endangered Language Contexts: Results from WilamowiceIn: Journal of Communication and Cultural TrendsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Borges, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Ritual language formation and African retentions in Suriname: the case of Kumanti2016In: OSO — tijdschrift voor de Surinamistiek en het Caraïbisch gebied, Vol. 35, no 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Borges, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The Maroon Creoles of the Guyanas: Expansion, contact, hybridization2017In: Boundaries and Bridges: Multilinguial ecologies in the Guyanas / [ed] Yakpo, Kofi and Pieter Muysken, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Borges, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The people and languages of Suriname2017In: Boundaries and Bridges: Language Contact in Multilingual Ecologies / [ed] Yakpo, Kofi and Muysken, Pieter C., Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2017, p. 21-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Borges, Robert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The role of extralinguistic factors in linguistic variation and contact induced language change among Suriname’s Kwinti and Ndyuka Maroons2014In: Acta Linguistica Hafniensia. International Journal of Structural Linguistics, ISSN 0374-0364, E-ISSN 1949-0763, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Borges, Robert
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Muysken, Pieter
    Villerius, Sophie
    Yakpo, Kofi
    Tense, mood, and aspect in Surinamese Languages2017In: Boundaries and Bridges: Multilinguial ecologies in the Guyanas / [ed] Yakpo, Kofi and Pieter Muysken, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Boyd, Sally
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Huss, Leena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Young children as language policy-makers: studies of interaction in preschools in Finland and Sweden2017In: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communication, ISSN 0167-8507, E-ISSN 1613-3684, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 359-373Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Boyd, Sally
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Huss, Leena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Ottesjö, Cajsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Children’s agency in creating and maintaining language policy in practice in two “language profile” preschools in Sweden2017In: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communication, ISSN 0167-8507, E-ISSN 1613-3684, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 501-531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents results from an ethnographic study of language policy as it is enacted in everyday interaction in two language profile preschools in Sweden with explicit monolingual language policies: English and Finnish, respectively. However, in both preschools, children are free to choose language or code alternate. The study shows how children through their interactive choices create and modify language policy-in-practice. We analyze extracts from typical free play interactions in each setting. We show how children use code alternation as a contextualization cue in both settings, but with somewhat different interac- tional consequences. Children in both preschools tend to follow the lead of the preceding speaker’s language choice. Code alternation is also a means to manage conversational roles, for example, to show alignment. While the staff give priority to the profile language, the children show through their interaction that skills in both the preschool’s profile language and in Swedish are valuable.

  • 18.
    Carlsson, Carl Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Bildrik populärvetenskap om dansk-judisk historia: Review of Cecilie Felicia Stokholm Banke et al, En indvandringshistorie. Jøder i Danmark 400 år. English version: A Story of Immigration. Four Hundred Years of Jews in Denmark, trans. Virginia Laursen and Fran Hopenwasser.2018In: Nordisk judaistik - Scandinavian Jewish Studies, ISSN 0348-1646, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 79-82Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Carlsson, Carl Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    From Suwałki to Sweden:: Jewish Migration and Integration, 1850–19202018In: Avotaynu. The International Review of Jewish Genealogy, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 33-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Carlsson, Carl Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Tidiga judar i Stockholm2018In: Gravstenar berättar: Judiskt liv i Stockholm 1775-1875 / [ed] Jacobsson, Yvonne; Herdevall, Gabriel; Zupanc, Petr, Stockholm: Stockholmia , 2018, p. 113-143Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    cooke, michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The Kindertransport in Scotland: As Represented in Local Newspapers and Kinder testimony 2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Dangoor, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    "No need to exaggerate": - The 1914 Ottoman Jihad declaration in genocide historiography2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    de Guevara, Berit Bliesemann
    et al.
    Aberystwyth Univ, Dyfed, Wales.
    Kostić, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Knowledge production in/about conflict and intervention:: finding 'facts', telling 'truth'2017In: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, ISSN 1750-2977, E-ISSN 1750-2985, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article has a twofold aim. First, it discusses the contributions to the scholarly field of conflict knowledge and expertise in this special issue on Knowledge production in/about conflict and intervention: finding 'facts', telling 'truth'. Second, it suggests an alternative reading of the issue's contributions. Starting from the assumption that prevalent ways of knowing are always influenced by wider material and ideological structures at specific times, the article traces the influence of contemporary neoliberalism on general knowledge production structures in Western societies, and more specifically in Western academia, before re-reading the special issue's contributions through this prism. The main argument is that neoliberalism leaves limited space for independent critical knowledge, thereby negatively affecting what can be known about conflict and intervention. The article concludes with some tasks for reflexive scholarship in neoliberal times.

  • 24.
    Doğan, Recep
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre. TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Ankara, Turkey.
    Do Women Really Kill for Honor?: Conceptualizing Women’s Involvement in Honor Killings.2018In: Deviant behavior, ISSN 0163-9625, E-ISSN 1521-0456, ISSN 0163-9625, Vol. 39, no 10, p. 1247-1266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    So far, women’s involvement in honor killings has been attempted to explain with the emphasis on either patriarchy or the concept of hegemonic masculinity.  However, the current conceptualization of women involved in honor killings is not completely representative of all of the cases. The accurate portrayal of women’s involvement in such killings requires a broader understanding of particular circumstances of the female perpetrators, the whole dynamic behind honor killings, and of the particular relationship between victim and the perpetrator. Through reflecting on the narratives of five female perpetrators, this article aims to provide this missing focus.

  • 25.
    Dulić, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Perpetuating fear: insecurity, costly signalling and the war in central Bosnia, 19932016In: Journal of Genocide Research, ISSN 1462-3528, E-ISSN 1469-9494, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 463-484Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Dulić, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Perpetuating Fear: Insecurity, Costly Signalling and the War in Central Bosnia, 19932016In: Journal of Genocide Research, ISSN 1462-3528, E-ISSN 1469-9494, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 463-484Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the relationship between the ethnic and societal security dilemmas on the one hand, and the way in which elites seek to prevent local-level cooperation through ‘costly signalling’, on the other. By analysing transcripts of tape-recorded conversations from the Security Council of the Republic of Croatia during the period 1992–95, the author shows that the Croatian elite based its initial strategy on the widespread fear that Croats would become dominated in an independent Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was during this phase that Franjo Tuđman and parts of the Bosnian Croat elite voiced the idea that parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina should—at least as a contingency—be joined with Croatia. However, the elite in Zagreb began backtracking in early 1992, when it became clear that the international community would not allow such a turn of events. It is also shown that fears of political domination began transforming into security concerns in the second half on 1992 due to the increasing tensions between the Bosniak and Croat armed forces. The final part of the analysis shows how local elites used nationalist symbols and the presence of foreign Mujahedin fighters in the vicinity of Zenica for the purpose of ethnic mobilization in the spring of 1993.

  • 27.
    Dulić, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The patterns of violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Security, geography and the killing of civilians during the war of the 1990s2018In: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 63, p. 148-158Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Fagan, Brad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    When Conditions Are Right for Colonial Genocide: A Critical Comparison of Two Indigenous Populations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Fonseca, Bruna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Fiat iustitia, pereat mundus: The International Criminal Tribunals and the Application of the Concept of Genocide2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of genocide is probably the most debated subject in Holocaust and genocide studies. The political implications to its usage, or resistance to do so, have also been lengthily discussed. Yet, when it came to the legal sphere of the concept it has been mostly descriptive, without much theorizing on the politicization of the convictions of genocide. This study investigates the relation between the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda application of the crime of genocide and how these judgements were informed. Through the court’s transcripts of a number of selected cases, the research will analyze the application qualitatively, identifying the key factors that determined its usage. The analyses rest on the legal and political aspects that influenced the chambers, evaluating which one explains best. The results indicate that there is no single explanation and that both legal and political reasonings merge in the international legal arena. The courts’ decisions have many inconsistencies that cannot be accounted by a solo description. Thus, matters of law interpretation, conflict’s ending, postcolonialism, and legitimacy all take a tool when convicting or acquitting someone for the crime of genocide.

  • 30.
    Franks, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    From the Destruction of Memory to the Destruction of People: Social Movements and their Impact on Memory, Legitimacy and Mass Violence - A Comparative Study of the West German Student Movement and the Serbian "Anti-Bureaucratic Revolution".2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Challenges to the legitimacy of established collective memory can prove so inflammatory that mass violence, ethnic cleansing and even genocide have followed in their wake. However, if few doubt that the ethno-nationalist memory wars during the 1980s collapse of Yugoslavia contributed to the real wars and ethnic cleansing witnessed in the 1990s, no previous research has been able to explain why this is so. This paper pinpoints the determinant variable and causal link between attacks on memory and subsequent mass violence (or a lack thereof). It uses a theoretical model that ties together memory, legitimacy and power to compare the cases of West Germany’s 1968 student movement and Serbia’s 1986-1989 anti-bureaucratic revolution before establishing that the level of prior state repression is one factor that determines whether memory challenges will turn violent. The paper recommends further theory building over the permeable boundary that separates state and civil society, particularly in terms of how accessible state functions are to those social movements that seek to challenge and delegitimise memory.

  • 31.
    Gilbert Gladitz, Georgia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Let Our Voices Also Be Heard: Memory Pluralism in Latvian Museums About World War II and the Post-War Period2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The decades following the fall of the Soviet Union have seen drastic changes in society and culture within Europe. The desire to create a unified, pan-European historical narrative has been challenged by the expansion of the European Union. Previous Western European discourse of history has been confronted by the alternative perspectives of many former Soviet countries, such as Poland, Hungary, and the Baltic states. One of the greatest challenges to a new, inclusive pan-European narrative has been the perceived exclusion of Holocaust recognition in these former Soviet-bloc countries – a topic made more volatile considering the vast majority of the violence of the Holocaust took place in Central and Eastern Europe. Recent governmental decisions regarding the recognition of the Holocaust in Eastern Europe have been extremely disconcerting to Holocaust scholars and survivors, as well as the broad Western European community. But Eastern Europe insists that they are not neglecting Holocaust narratives in their respective countries; instead, they claim the lack of Western recognition of their suffering under Soviet rule has forced them to compensate by focusing their attention on an exploration of Soviet oppression. Eastern European scholars maintain that the best way forward is to embrace a pluralist narrative that recognizes both the victims of the Holocaust and the Soviet project. This thesis analyses the adoption of memory pluralism in two places of cultural memory of one Eastern European city – Riga, Latvia.

  • 32.
    Glöckner, Olaf
    et al.
    Moses Mendelssohn-Zentrum für europäisch-jüdische Studien, Potsdam, Germany.
    Müssener, HelmutUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Roos, Lena (Contributor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Deutschsprachige jüdische Emigration nach Schweden: 1774 bis 19452017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Goldberg, Samantha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    We are strong: An analysis on the role of local forms of reconciliation through education in Rwanda2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Gordon, Michelle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Viewing Violence in the British Empire: Images of Atrocity from the Battle of Omdurman, 18982019In: Journal of Perpetrator Research, ISSN 2514-7897, Vol. 2, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Gröndahl, Satu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Multiethnic Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre. Institutionen för moderna språk.
    Emansipaatiota vai etnifiointia?: Kielellistä rajankäyntiä pohjoismaisessa kirjallisuudessa.2018In: Avain - Kirjallisuudentutkimuksen aikakauslehti, ISSN 1795-3790, E-ISSN 2242-3796, Vol. 3, p. 106-113Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Gröndahl, Satu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Finland visar vägen för romsk integration: Panu Pulma (red.): De finska romernas historia från svenska tiden till 2000-talet. Övers. Leif Pietilä, Camilla Frostell och Sofia Gustafsson. 503 s.2016In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 2, p. 40-43Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Gröndahl, Satu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre. satu.grondahl@moderna.uu.se.
    Sweden-Finnish Literature: Generational and Cultural Changes2018In: Migrants and Literature in Finland and Sweden / [ed] Satu Gröndahl @ Eila Rantonen, Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society, 2018, p. 37-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Gröndahl, Satu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre. satu.grondahl@moderna.uu.se.
    Rantonen, Eila (Contributor)
    ‘The Minoritarian Condition’: Studies in Finnish and Swedish Literatures after World War II2018In: Migrants and Literature in Finland and Sweden / [ed] Satu Gröndahl & Eila Rantonen, Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society, 2018, p. 11-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Gröndahl, Satu
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Rantonen, Eila
    Migrants and Literature in Finland and Sweden2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Gudehus, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    On the significance of the past for present and future action2016In: Theorizing Social Memories. Concepts and Contexts / [ed] Gerd Sebald, Jatin Wagle, London & New York: Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 84-97Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Guthrey, Holly L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Micro-level security after armed conflict: A new framework for analyzing risks and benefits of peacebuilding processes2019In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The maintenance and/or achievement of security is of paramount importance within settings recovering from armed conflict; however existing studies in the field of peacebuilding do not sufficiently explore how various processes undertaken within peacebuilding programming result in different types of security outcomes at the individual and community level. In this article, I develop a novel conceptual framework for analyzing “micro-level” security risks and benefits of peacebuilding processes, through an adapted version of Johan Galtung’s work on direct and structural violence. For the purposes of this article, the framework is applied in the context of “local” transitional justice (TJ) processes used in the aftermath of armed conflict, for which advocacy and implementation has increased in the recent past. Relying on a social psychological definition of security, I disaggregate components of direct and structural violence and use illustrative examples from existing empirical studies about the effects of local TJ processes in various settings to demonstrate ways in which these types of violence may be perpetuated, or initiated in new forms through these processes, thus posing security risks. The framework is further developed through the elucidation of factors that may help to repair the consequences of direct and structural violence and/or hinder the likelihood of their repetition, thematically conceptualized as physical and psychological welfare and social justice (respective to direct and structural violence) that I suggest link to security benefits. The framework intends to provide new perspectives on understanding how peacebuilding processes may both promote and prevent security from being realized at the local level following armed conflict.

  • 42.
    Guthrey, Holly L.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Brounéus, Karen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Challenge of Reconciling Tradition with Truth and Reconciliation Commission Processes: The Case of Solomon Islands2018In: Understanding Quality Peace: Peacebuilding after Civil War / [ed] Madhav Joshi, Peter Wallensteen, Abingdon: Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Haglund, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    “THEY SAY I AM A TRAITOR”: Contact as a Predictor for Reconciliation among Young Adults in Eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Even though peace accords are signed and peace is declared, many societies are far from peaceful. Rather than talking about peace, one could state that the conflict is moved from the battleground to another arena. Hence, some societies remain divided and polarized long after the war is over. This thesis explores contact among young adults from two towns in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina and how contact affects the reconciliation process twenty years after the Dayton Peace Accords. By using previous research social identity, socialization and intergroup contact, I argue that contact is an important step in order to break the intractability of the conflict and enhance the reconciliation process in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. Qualitative data was collected through eight in-depth in with young adults aged 21 to 24 at the end of January and the beginning of February 2016. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data. The main findings in this study are that the two towns, Goražde and Višegrad, do not provide opportunities for contact and are not suitable places for positive intergroup contact. In fact, contact with outgroup members in the lives of young adults from eastern BiH takes place in other areas of the country. The findings also indicate that contact has a positive effect on the factors vital in the reconciliation process, such as a common vision, sense of victimhood, and ingroup superiority. However, contact does not affect outgroup attitudes.

  • 44.
    Haglund, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    "THEY SAY I AM A TRAITOR": Contact as a Predictor for Reconciliation among Young Adults in Eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Master Programme in Holocaust and Genocide Studies

  • 45.
    Helmut, Helmut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Die Stockholmer Koordinationsstelle zur Erforschung der deutschsprachigen Exilliteratur 1969-19752012In: Exilforschungen im historischen Prozess, München: Edition text + kritik , 2012, p. 30-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Hennessey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    A Colonial Trans-Pacific Partnership: William Smith Clark, David Pearce Penhallow and Japanese Settler Colonialism in Hokkaido2019In: Settler Colonial Studies, ISSN 2201-473X, E-ISSN 1838-0743Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Immediately following the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the new, Western-oriented Japanese government decided to make the colonization of the adjacent northern island of Hokkaido a showcase of and economic engine for Japanese modernity. In so doing, Japanese leaders consciously modelled Japanese settler colonialism there on American models, particularly in the treatment of the indigenous Ainu. As part of this project, a large number of American advisors were hired, including three American professors from Massachusetts Agricultural College who were to found a similar institution in Sapporo. Although the story of these professors is well-known in Japan, their connections to Japanese settler colonialism have never been properly investigated. I argue that these professors, most importantly William Smith Clark and David Pearce Penhallow, served as important conduits of colonial knowledge, spreading both American technologies of settler colonialism to Japan and a positive image of Japanese imperialism in the United States after their return. Most significantly, they spread new, ‘scientific’ understandings of the Ainu that conformed to classic Western colonial tropes and contributed to their systematic dispossession. In these ways, these American ‘brokers of imperialism’ worked in tandem with their Japanese employers to both physically and discursively reform Hokkaido into an American-style ‘frontier’.

  • 47.
    Hennessey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Anomalous Aryans?: Western Scientific Racism and the Ainu as a "Lost White Race," 1868-19412019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How did academics operating within the framework of scientific racism respond to what appeared to be a direct challenge to the very basis of their theories of racial hierarchy? This project will take anthropological, archaeological and race biological studies of the Ainu as a case study for understanding knowledge production within scientific racism during the period 1868-1941. Starting in the 1870s, European and American scientists became increasingly interested the Ainu, a people indigenous to the Okhotsk region in Northeast Asia that challenged many of their assumptions about race and “civilization.” The Ainu appeared to them to both be “Aryan” or “white” and a “primitive,” “dying race” that was being displaced by Japanese colonization, potentially challenging established notions of “white” racial superiority. Did the Ainu provoke a reevaluation of race biological classifications or were they construed so as to conform to or even strengthen theories of racial hierarchy? This project will chart Western racialized scientific debates about the Ainu in order to better understand how knowledge was produced and legitimized within scientific racism in the decades around the turn of the twentieth century. The results will be compared with existing studies of racial depictions of other groups that were sometimes considered “white,” especially the Sámi and Māori. This project will offer valuable insights into the contingent ways in which scientific knowledge is created in a specific cultural and political context.

  • 48.
    Hennessey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Assimilation, Association and French Advice to Japan on how to Rule Taiwan2019In: French Colonial History, ISSN 1539-3402, E-ISSN 1543-7787Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What trans-imperial connections existed between the French and Japanese Empires? One example that is frequently recounted in Japanese colonial historiography involves the 1895 advice of French legal expert Michel Revon over what administrative system Japan should adopt in Taiwan. According to these accounts, Revon advocated a French assimilationist system for the island in a policy brief that would strongly influence future Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi. This article demonstrates that this account is not entirely accurate, offering a new analysis of the primary source material in the context of the prevailing French colonial theories of the 1890s. It argues that Revon was in fact an advocate of association and that Hara Takashi’s program of colonial assimilation was only superficially influenced by French models.

  • 49.
    Hennessey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre. Linnaeus Univ, Ctr Colonial & Postcolonial Studies, Vaxjö, Sweden.
    By Jingo!: Methods for Researching Popular Imperialism2019In: History Compass, ISSN 1478-0542, E-ISSN 1478-0542, Vol. 17, no 5, article id e12531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of popular imperialism, or the extent to which the ordinary citizens of an imperial metropole were aware of and supported their country’s imperial expansion, provides a crucial empirical basis for evaluating the causes of and responsibility for colonial aggression. Nevertheless, this topic has received considerably less attention than comparable topics like fascism, genocide or nationalism, and a comparative conversation between scholars of different empires is largely lacking. Together with a companion article, “Imperial Ardor or Apathy? A Comparative International Historiography of Popular Imperialism,” this article will provide inspiration for future studies by summarizing different approaches to and methodological problems involved in the study of popular imperialism, drawing on a wide range of research on several empires.

  • 50.
    Hennessey, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Cosmopolitan Colonialists?: American Authors and the Inter-Imperial Exchange of Ideas2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will contribute to the emerging historiographical movement of trans-imperial history through the presentation of two now-forgotten Americans who acted as important inter-imperial conduits of colonial knowledge in the late 19th and early 20th centuries: Alleyne Ireland and Poultney Bigelow. Both traveled widely in European, American and Japanese colonies and wrote extensively on comparative colonial administration, bringing the world’s empires into a common framework, but Ireland wrote for an academic audience and Bigelow for a popular one. A comparative analysis of their published works, supplemented by unpublished archival materials, sheds light on the circulation of knowledge in both academic and popular channels that underpinned trans-imperial cooperation and mutual emulation. At present, existing trans-imperial historical studies have focused almost exclusively on high politics. This paper makes an important contribution to the field by expanding the research focus to how trans-imperially circulating colonial knowledge was presented to academic and popular audiences. The last of these is particularly important at a time when Europe and the United States’ colonial legacy is increasingly contested and more empirical data about the how the common citizens of imperial powers were informed about and participated in their country’s colonial expansionism is sorely needed.

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