uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 2 of 2
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Jorgensen, Sophie
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Rehabil Med Res Grp, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden; Skåne Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol & Rehabil Med, Lund, Sweden.
    Hill, Mattias
    Lund Univ, Rehabil Med Res Grp, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden; Skåne Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol & Rehabil Med, Lund, Sweden.
    Lexell, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation Medicine. Lund Univ, Rehabil Med Res Grp, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Older Adults With Long-Term Spinal Cord Injury2019In: PM&R, ISSN 1934-1482, E-ISSN 1934-1563, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 8-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) now live longer, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors amenable to intervention are therefore needed to support their healthy aging.

    Objective: To describe the occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors among older adults with long‐term SCI and investigate the association with sociodemographics and injury characteristics.

    Design: Cross‐sectional descriptive cohort study.

    Setting: Home settings.

    Participants: In total, 123 individuals (71% men, injury levels C1–L5, American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale A–D), mean age 63 years, mean time since injury 24 years.

    Methods: Data from the Swedish Aging with Spinal Cord Injury Study (SASCIS), collected through interviews and assessments during home visits and from medical records.

    Main Outcome Measures: Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose and blood lipids, and data on cardiovascular comorbidity and tobacco use.

    Results: One third had a previous diagnosis of hypertension, and 55% presented with a blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mm Hg at the time of assessment. Sixteen percent had a history of diabetes and in 15% fasting glucose levels were ≥ 7 mmol/L. Dyslipidemia was present in 76%, whereas 16% had prediagnosed dyslipidemia. Mean body mass index (BMI) was 27 kg/m2 and mean waist circumference was 101 cm. When SCI‐adjusted BMI cut‐off values were used, 93% were considered overweight (BMI ≥22 kg/m2), and 60% had a waist circumference associated with cardiometabolic risk. A total of 16% smoked regularly. The median number of cardiovascular risk factors was 3. No significant associations were found between the total number of risk factors and sociodemographics and injury characteristics.

    Conclusions: The high occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors among older adults with long‐term SCI can pose additional consequences to their health. Regular assessments and interventions targeting cardiovascular risk in this population are therefore warranted. Further research is needed to identify modifiable factors associated with their risk profile.

    Level of Evidence: III

  • 2.
    Jörgensen, Sophie
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden;Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol & Rehabil Med, Lund, Sweden.
    Svedevall, Stina
    Lund Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Linnea
    Lund Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Ginis, Kathleen A. Martin
    Univ British Columbia, Sch Hlth & Exercise Sci, Okanagan Campus, Kelowna, BC, Canada.
    Lexell, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation Medicine. Lund Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden;Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol & Rehabil Med, Lund, Sweden.
    Associations between leisure time physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury2019In: Spinal Cord, ISSN 1362-4393, E-ISSN 1476-5624, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 427-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study.

    Objectives: To describe the association between cardiovascular risk factors (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, blood glucose and lipids) and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in older adults with long-term spinal cord injury (SCI).

    Setting: Community settings, southern Sweden.

    Methods: Data from the baseline data collection of the Swedish Aging with Spinal Cord Injury Study (SASCIS) (n = 123, 71% men, injury levels C1-L5, American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale A-D, mean age 63 years, mean time since injury 24 years). Data were collected through home interviews, assessments and blood samples. The Physical Activity Recall Assessment for People with SCI was used to assess LTPA. Associations were investigated using multivariable linear regression analyses adjusted for age, gender, level and severity of injury, cause of injury, time since injury and tobacco use.

    Results: More minutes per day of moderate-to-heavy LTPA were significantly associated with a lower BMI (Beta = -0.31; p = 0.001) and a lower WC (Beta = -0.24; p = 0.009). More minutes per day of total LTPA (mild intensity or greater) were associated with a higher systolic blood pressure (Beta = 0.27; p = 0.041) among participants with tetraplegia. No other significant associations between the cardiovascular risk factors and total LTPA were found.

    Conclusion: Participation in daily LTPA is associated with better cardiovascular health with regard to BMI and WC in older adults with long-term SCI. Further studies are needed to establish the specific amount of activity needed to obtain positive health effects in this group and the directional causality of the associations.

1 - 2 of 2
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf