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  • 1.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Dahlgren, Petra
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Enander, Viveka
    Forskningsansvarig vid VKV – Västra Götalandsregionens kompetenscentrum om våld i nära relationer – samt forskare vid Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Mälardalens högskola.
    Gottzén, Lucas
    Linköpings universitet.
    Göransson, Birgitta
    Johnsson-Latham, Gerd
    Nordborg, Gudrun
    Nylén, Lars M
    Sandell, Karin
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Witkowski, Åsa
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Våldsutsatta kvinnor- samhällets ansvar2014In: Lärobok, tredje upplagan, framtagen av Nationellt centrum för kvinnofrid, Uppsala universitet / [ed] Gun Heimer, Annika Björck och Chrystal Kunosson, Uppsala: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 3, , 304 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Heimer, Gun
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Att fråga kvinnor om våldsutsatthet måste bli rutin2011In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 108, no 42, 2082-2082 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Heimer, Gun
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Att ha varit utsatt för våld ökar risken för ohälsa senare i livet: Kunskap om våldets förekomst och konsekvenser behövs i hela vården – anamnesen bör innefatta fråga om våld2016In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 113Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Violence is a common problem in society worldwide, and recent research has shown links to various signs of ill-health among victims. In a Swedish population based study, 46 per cent of women and 38 per cent of men had, at some point, been subjected to severe sexual, physical or emotional violence. The respondents were also asked about their present health. The study showed a significant over-representation of respondents subjected to serious violence in all ill-health indicators (PTSD, depression, psychosomatic symptoms, self-harm behaviour, risky alcohol intake, low self-rated physical health and heart attacks in the older age group). Several other Swedish studies have addressed abuse and future health. In a study among young people attending youth clinics the last year prevalence of sexual, physical and emotional violence was high, as expected. Young women were to a higher extent than young men exposed to sexual (14 and 4 per cent, respectively) and emotional violence (33 and 18 per cent respectively) and young men more to physical violence than young women (27 and 18 per cent respectively). Those who had been exposed to more than two types of violence were significantly more likely to resort to self-harm behaviour and suicide ideation and rated their psychological wellbeing lower than others. In one study the violence victimization and self-reported physical and mental ill-health among young women belonging to a sexual minority and heterosexual young women was assessed. Being subjected to two or more types of violence was significantly more frequent among the minority women compared to heterosexual women. However all victimized women had significantly higher risk for ill-health in all outcomes (PTSD, sleeping difficulties, and recurrent bowel problems). The impact of being subjected to more than one type of violence has been shown to be even more strongly linked to mental ill-health also in adult patients. Hence, research supports that violence victimisation is associated with various symptoms and conditions for which people seek medical care. Therefore questions about violence victimization should routinely be included in the medical history.

  • 4.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Heimer, Gun
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Witkowski, Åsa
    Att fråga om våldsutsatthet som en del i anamnesen: presentation av rapport från Nationellt centrum för kvinnofrid2011In: Medlemsbladet, ISSN 0284-8031, Vol. 5, 26-27 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Lindberg, Marianne
    Nyström, Lennarth
    Lindmark, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Combining the perspectives of midwives and doctors improves risk assessment early pregnancy2007In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 86, no 2, 177-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Traditionally, risk identification in early pregnancy in Swedish antenatal care [ANC] is performed by the midwife at booking, and confirmed by the doctor at a routine visit in early pregnancy, but this extra visit has been questioned. This study compared the risk assessment by the two professions. Methods. In a cluster randomised trial, a planning conference, where midwives reported new mothers to a doctor, replaced the routine consultation with the doctor. Ten ANC-clinics with the new program (942 mothers) were compared to 10 clinics with standard care (758 mothers). Risk factors were registered independently by midwives and doctors. Degree of agreement in risk identification between midwives and doctors was estimated by the kappa coefficient. Results. The degree of agreement in risk registration was good for previous pregnancy complications (κ=0.62; CI: 0.55-0.68), and recommendations for doctor's consultation (κ=0.67; CI: 0.62-0.72); fair for social problems (κ=0.29; CI: 0.03-0.55), and poor for registration of symptoms and problems in index pregnancy (κ=0.09; CI: 0.03-0.21) and psychosocial aspects, such as anxiety (κ=0.09; CI: 0.03-0.21). Significantly more risk factors were registered in the study group. Conclusions: Replacing the routine consultation with the doctor early in pregnancy with a planning conference had no negative impact on risk identification. The results support that the different perspectives of the two professions in combination are important for the safety of surveillance and the psychosocial support expected from antenatal care.

  • 6.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Lindmark, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Preconception health and care (PHC)a strategy for improved maternal and child health2016In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 121, no 4, 216-221 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Maternal health status before pregnancy is a decisive factor for pregnancy outcomes and for risk for maternal and infant complications. Still, maternity care does not start until the pregnancy is established and in most low-income settings not until more than half of the pregnancy has passed, which often is too late to impact outcomes. In Western societies preconception care (PCC) is widely recognized as a way to optimize women's health through biomedical and behavioural changes prior to conception with the aim of improving pregnancy outcomes. But the content of PCC is inconsistent and limited to single interventions or preconception counselling to women with chronic illnesses. It has been suggested that PCC should be extended to preconception health and care (PHC), including interventions prior to pregnancy in order to optimize women's health in general, and thereby subsequent pregnancy outcomes, the well-being of the family, and the health of the future child. With this definition, almost every activity that can improve the health of girls and women can be included in the concept. In the World Health Report of 2005 a longitudinal approach to women's wellness and reproductive health was highlighted, and the World Health Organization has proposed a more comprehensive maternal and child health care, also including psychosocial issues and intimate partner violence. The present article gives an overview of the recent literature and discusses contents and delivery of PCC/PHC in Western as well as low-income countries. The article puts special emphasis on why violence against women is an issue for PHC.

  • 7.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Tönnesen, Elisabeth
    Öberg, Mariella
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Att ställa frågan om våld: ett utbildningsmaterial för hälso- och sjukvården2011Other (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Berglund, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Witkowski, Åsa
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Våld mot kvinnor: tar ortopedin sitt ansvar?2014In: Ortopediskt Magasin, ISSN 0349-733X, no 1, 8-10 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Drevin, Jennifer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Stern, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Annerbäck, Eva-Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD).
    Peterson, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Butler, Stephen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Tydén, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Berglund, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Larsson, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Kristiansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Adverse childhood experiences influence development of pain during pregnancy.2015In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 94, no 8, 840-846 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and pain with onset during pregnancy.

    DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

    SETTING: Eighteen antenatal clinics in southern Mid-Sweden.

    SAMPLE: Of 293 women invited to participate, 232 (79%) women agreed to participate in early pregnancy and were assessed in late pregnancy.

    METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed in early and late pregnancy. The questionnaires sought information on socio-demography, ACE, pain location by pain drawing and pain intensity by visual analogue scales. Distribution of pain was coded in 41 predetermined areas.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain in third trimester with onset during present pregnancy: intensity, location and number of pain locations.

    RESULTS: In late pregnancy, 62% of the women reported any ACE and 72% reported any pain location with onset during the present pregnancy. Among women reporting any ACE the median pain intensity was higher compared with women without such an experience (p = 0.01). The accumulated ACE displayed a positive association with the number of reported pain locations in late pregnancy (rs  = 0.19, p = 0.02). This association remained significant after adjusting for background factors in multiple regression analysis (p = 0.01). When ACE was dichotomized the prevalence of pain did not differ between women with and without ACE. The subgroup of women reporting physical abuse as a child reported a higher prevalence of sacral and pelvic pain (p = 0.0003 and p = 0.02, respectively).

    CONCLUSIONS: Adverse childhood experiences were associated with higher pain intensities and larger pain distributions in late pregnancy, which are risk factors for transition to chronic pain postpartum.

  • 10.
    Granfors, Michaela
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Åkerud, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Berglund, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Skogo, Johan
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Sundström Poromaa, Inger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Wikström, Anna-Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Thyroid Testing and Management of Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy: A Population-based Study2013In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0021-972X, E-ISSN 1945-7197, Vol. 98, no 7, 2687-2692 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context: There are international guidelines on thyroid function testing and management of hypothyroidism during pregnancy. Few studies have evaluated how they are implemented into clinical practice. Objective: In this descriptive study, we assessed the implementation of international guidelines in this field into local guidelines and also into clinical practice. Design and Participants: In a nationwide survey, all guidelines in Sweden were collected (n = 29), and the adherence of the local guidelines to The Endocrine Society Guidelines 2007 was evaluated. In a follow-up in 1 district, 5254 pregnant women with an estimated date of delivery between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2011, were included for subsequent review of their medical reports. Results: All but 1 district had guidelines on the subject. All local guidelines included fewer than the 10 listed reasons for thyroid testing recommended by The Endocrine Society Guidelines. Furthermore, most guidelines recommended additional types of thyroid function tests to TSH sampling and lower trimester-specific TSH upper reference limits for women on levothyroxine treatment (P < .001). In the follow-up, the thyroid testing rate was 20%, with an overall frequency of women with trimester-specific elevated TSH of 18.5%. More than half of the women (50.9%) who were on levothyroxine treatment at conception had an elevated TSH level at thyroid testing according to The Endocrine Society Guidelines. Conclusions: The local guidelines are variable and poorly compliant with international guidelines. Performance of thyroid testing is not optimal, and rates of elevated TSH at testing are extremely high in subgroups.

  • 11.
    Heimer, Gun
    et al.
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Berglund, Anna
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Att fråga om våldsutsatthet som en del av anamnesen2010Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Heimer, Gun
    et al.
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Berglund, Anna
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Kunskap om våld borde vara en självklarhet2014In: Uppsala Nya TidningArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Heimer, Gun
    et al.
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Berglund, Anna
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Våld mot kvinnor med funktionsnedsättning2013Report (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Joelsson, Lana Salih
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Berglund, Anna
    Uppsala University, National Centre for Knowledge on Men.
    Rosenblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
    Tydén, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Preconception Lifestyles And Lifestyle Modification Among Women Seeking For Infertility2015In: Fertility and Sterility, ISSN 0015-0282, E-ISSN 1556-5653, Vol. 104, no 3, E182-E183 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Stern, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Salih Joelsson, Lana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
    Tydén, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Berglund, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Ekstrand, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Hegaard, Hanne
    Aarts, Clara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Rosenblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
    Larsson, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Kristiansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Is pregnancy planning associated with background characteristics and pregnancy planning behavior?2016In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 95, no 2, 182-189 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of planned pregnancies varies between countries but is often measured in a dichotomous manner. The aim of this study was to investigate to what level pregnant women had planned their pregnancies and whether pregnancy planning was associated with background characteristics and pregnancy planning behavior.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study that utilized the baseline measurements from the Swedish Pregnancy Planning (SWEPP) study. Pregnant women (n= 3390) recruited at antenatal clinics answered a questionnaire. Data were analyzed with multinomial logistic regression, Kruskal-Wallis H and χ(2) tests.

    RESULTS: Three out of four pregnancies were very or fairly planned and 12 % fairly or very unplanned. Of women with very unplanned pregnancies, 32 % had considered an induced abortion. Women with planned pregnancies were more likely to have a higher level of education, higher household income, to be currently working ≥50 %, and to have longer relationships than women with unplanned pregnancies. The level of pregnancy planning was associated with planning behavior, such as information seeking and intake of folic acid, but without a reduction in alcohol consumption. One third of all women took folic acid one month prior to conception, 17 % used tobacco daily and 11 % used alcohol weekly three months before conception.

    CONCLUSIONS: A majority rated their pregnancy as very or fairly planned, with socio-economic factors as explanatory variables. The level of pregnancy planning should be queried routinely to enable individualized counselling, especially for women with unplanned pregnancies. Preconception recommendations need to be established and communicated to the public to increase health promoting planning behavior.

  • 16.
    Tydén, Tanja
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Stern, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Nydahl, Margaretha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Berglund, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Larsson, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    Rosenblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
    Aarts, Clara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Pregnancy planning in Sweden: a pilot study among 270 women attending antenatal clinics2011In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 90, no 4, 408-412 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    Health status and lifestyle before and at the time of conception could affect the health of both mother and child, but there is a lack of knowledge about the degree to which pregnancies are planned. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether and how women plan their pregnancies.

    Material and methods

    The main outcome measures were use of timetables, ovulation tests and lifestyle changes. Women (n = 322) visiting four antenatal clinics were asked to fill out a questionnaire (participation rate = 83.9%, n = 270).

    Results

    Three of four pregnancies (n = 202) were very or rather well planned, whereas 4.4% (n = 12) were totally unplanned. During the planning period, 37.1% (n = 100) made up a timetable for getting pregnant, 23% (n = 62) used ovulation tests, 20.7% (n = 56) took folic acid and 10.4% (n = 28) changed alcohol consumption.

    Conclusion

    Although a majority of these women had planned pregnancies, only one in five had taken folic acid during the planning period.

1 - 16 of 16
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