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  • 1.
    Backman, Max
    et al.
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    La Fleur, Linnea
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kurppa, Pinja
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Elfving, Hedvig
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Brunnström, Hans
    Division of Pathology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pontén, Victor
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Eltahir, Mohamed
    Department of Pharmaceutical Bioscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Mangsbo, Sara
    Department of Pharmaceutical Bioscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Isaksson, Johan
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Dept. of Respiratory Medicine, Gävle Hospital, Gävle, Sweden..
    Jirström, Karin
    Division of Pathology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Kärre, Klas
    Department of Microbiology, Cell and Tumor Biology (MTC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Carbone, Ennio
    Department of Microbiology, Cell and Tumor Biology (MTC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Tumor Immunology and Immunopathology Laboratory, Dept. of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy..
    Leandersson, Karin
    Cancer Immunology, Dept. of Translational Medicine, Lund University, Skånes University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Mezheyeuski, Artur
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pontén, Fredrik
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lindskog, Cecilia
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Botling, Johan
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Micke, Patrick
    Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Extending the immune phenotypes of lung cancer: Oasis in the desertManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Tumor infiltrating immune cells are key elements of the tumor microenvironment and mediate the anti-tumor effects of immunotherapy. The aim of the study was to characterize patterns of immune cell infiltration in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in relation to tumor mutations and clinicopathological parameters. 

    Methods: Lymphocytes (CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, FOXP3+, CD45RO+), macrophages (CD163+), plasma cells (CD138+), NK cells (NKp46+) and PD-L1+ were annotated on a tissue microarray including 357 operated NSCLC cases. Somatic mutations and tumor mutational burden were analyzed by targeted sequencing for 82 genes, and transcriptomic immune patterns were established in 197 patients based on RNAseq data. 

    Results: We identified somatic mutations (TP53, NF1, KEAP1, CSMD3, LRP1B) that correlated with specific immune cell infiltrates. Hierarchical clustering revealed four immune classes: with (1) high immune cell infiltration (“inflamed”), (2) low immune cell infiltration (“desert”), (3) a mixed phenotype, and (4) a new phenotype with an overall muted inflammatory cell pattern but with an imprint of NK and plasma cells. This latter class exhibited low expression of immune response-related genes (e.g. CXCL9, GZMB, INFG, TGFB1), but was linked to better survival and therefore designated “oasis”. Otherwise, the four immune classes were not related to the presence of specific mutations (EGFR, KRAS, TP53) or histologic subtypes. 

    Conclusion: We present a compartment-specific immune cell analysis in the context of the molecular and clinical background of NSCLC and identified the novel immune class “oasis”. The immune classification helps to better define the immunogenic potency of NSCLC in the era of immunotherapy. 

  • 2.
    Berntsson, Jonna
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Nodin, Björn
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Eberhard, Jakob
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Jirström, Karin
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Prognostic impact of tumour-infiltrating B cells and plasma cells in colorectal cancer2016Inngår i: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 139, nr 5, s. 1129-1139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Multiple studies have described associations between infiltrating immune cells and prognosis in cancer; however, the clinical relevance has most often been attributed to the T-cell linage. This study aimed to further investigate the clinicopathological correlates and prognostic impact of B cell and plasma cell infiltration in CRC. Immunohistochemical expression of CD20, CD138 and immunoglobulin kappa C (IGKC) was analysed in tissue microarrays with tumours from 557 incident cases of CRC from a prospective population-based cohort. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis were used to determine the impact of CD20, CD138 and IGKC expression on 5-year overall survival. Immune cell-specific CD20, CD138, and IGKC expression correlated significantly with lower T-stage (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p=0.006, respectively). A higher density of CD201 cells correlated significantly with an improved OS (HR=0.53, 95% CI 0.36-0.78), remaining significant in multivariable analysis adjusted for age, TNM stage, differentiation grade and vascular invasion (HR=0.51; 95% CI 0.33-0.80). Immune cell-specific CD138 and IGKC expression correlated significantly with an improved OS in univariable Cox regression analysis; however, these associations did not remain significant in multivariable analysis. Finally, tumour cell-specific CD138 expression was found to be an independent factor of poor prognosis (HR 1.52; 95% CI 1.03-2.24). The results from the present study demonstrate that B cell infiltration in CRC has a significant impact on tumour progression and prognosis. These findings supplement and extend the current knowledge of the immune landscape in colorectal cancer, and merit further study.

  • 3.
    Berntsson, Jonna
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Oncol & Pathol..
    Svensson, Maria C.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Oncol & Pathol..
    Leandersson, Karin
    Lund Univ, Dept Translat Med, Canc Immunol..
    Nodin, Bjorn
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Oncol & Pathol..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.
    Larsson, Anna H.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Oncol & Pathol..
    Eberhard, Jakob
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Oncol & Pathol..
    Jirstrom, Karin
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Oncol & Pathol..
    The clinical impact of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes in colorectal cancer differs by anatomical subsite: A cohort study2017Inngår i: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 141, nr 8, s. 1654-1666Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Accumulating evidence demonstrates an association between dense infiltration of lymphocytes and prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC), but whether this prognostic impact differs by tumour location remains unknown. This study investigated the prognostic impact of cytotoxic and regulatory T cells in CRC, with particular referennfiltrating T cce to the anatomical subsite of the primary tumour. The density of CD3(+), CD8(+) and FoxP3(+) tumour-iells was calculated in tissue microarrays with tumours from 557 incident CRC cases from a prospective population-based cohort. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were applied to determine the impact of high and low lymphocyte density on 5-year overall survival, in subgroup analysis of right colon, left colon and rectum. High CD8(+) cell density was a favourable prognostic factor for patients with right-sided colon tumours (hazard ratio [HR]=0.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.29-0.95), independent of age, sex, TNM stage, differentiation grade and vascular invasion, with a significant prognostic interaction between CD8(+) cells and right-sidedness (p=0.031). High FoxP3(+) cell density was an independent favourable prognostic factor only in patients with rectal tumours (HR=0.54, 95% CI 0.30-0.99), and CD3(+) cell density was an independent favourable prognostic factor for tumours in the right colon and rectum, but there was no significant prognostic interaction between CD3(+) or FoxP3(+) cells and sidedness. These results demonstrate that the prognostic impact of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes in CRC differs by primary tumour site, further indicating that tumour location may be an important factor to take into consideration in therapeutic decisions, including eligibility for immunotherapy.

  • 4.
    Birgisson, Helgi
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Kolorektalkirurgi.
    Edlund, Karolina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Wallin, Ulrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Kolorektalkirurgi.
    Påhlman, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Kolorektalkirurgi.
    Kultima, Hanna Göransson
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Cancerfarmakologi och beräkningsmedicin. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Mayrhofer, Markus
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Cancerfarmakologi och beräkningsmedicin. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Isaksson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Cancerfarmakologi och beräkningsmedicin. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Glimelius, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.
    Sundström, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Microsatellite instability and mutations in BRAF and KRAS are significant predictors of disseminated disease in colon cancer2015Inngår i: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, E-ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 15, artikkel-id 125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Molecular alterations are well studied in colon cancer, however there is still need for an improved understanding of their prognostic impact. This study aims to characterize colon cancer with regard to KRAS, BRAF, and PIK3CA mutations, microsatellite instability (MSI), and average DNA copy number, in connection with tumour dissemination and recurrence in patients with colon cancer. Methods: Disease stage II-IV colon cancer patients (n = 121) were selected. KRAS, BRAF, and PIK3CA mutation status was assessed by pyrosequencing and MSI was determined by analysis of mononucleotide repeat markers. Genome-wide average DNA copy number and allelic imbalance was evaluated by SNP array analysis. Results: Patients with mutated KRAS were more likely to experience disease dissemination (OR 2.75; 95% CI 1.28-6.04), whereas the opposite was observed for patients with BRAF mutation (OR 0.34; 95% 0.14-0.81) or MSI (OR 0.24; 95% 0.09-0.64). Also in the subset of patients with stage II-III disease, both MSI (OR 0.29; 95% 0.10-0.86) and BRAF mutation (OR 0.32; 95% 0.16-0.91) were related to lower risk of distant recurrence. However, average DNA copy number and PIK3CA mutations were not associated with disease dissemination. Conclusions: The present study revealed that tumour dissemination is less likely to occur in colon cancer patients with MSI and BRAF mutation, whereas the presence of a KRAS mutation increases the likelihood of disseminated disease.

  • 5.
    Biswas, Dhruva
    et al.
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;UCL, Inst Canc, Bill Lyons Informat Ctr, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    Birkbak, Nicolai J.
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England;Aarhus Univ, Dept Mol Med, Aarhus, Denmark;Aarhus Univ, Bioinformat Res Ctr, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Rosenthal, Rachel
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;UCL, Inst Canc, Bill Lyons Informat Ctr, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    Hiley, Crispin T.
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    Lim, Emilia L.
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    Papp, Krisztian
    Eotvos Lorand Univ, Dept Phys Complex Syst, Budapest, Hungary.
    Boeing, Stefan
    Francis Crick Inst, Bioinformat & Biostat, London, England.
    Krzystanek, Marcin
    Danish Canc Soc, Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    La Fleur, Linnea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Greco, Maria
    Francis Crick Inst, Genom Equipment Pk, London, England.
    Doeme, Balazs
    Semmelweis Univ, Natl Koranyi Inst Pulmonol, Dept Tumor Biol, Budapest, Hungary;Med Univ Vienna, Ctr Comprehens Canc, Div Thorac Surg, Vienna, Austria;Semmelweis Univ, Natl Inst Oncol, Dept Thorac Surg, Budapest, Hungary.
    Fillinger, Janos
    Semmelweis Univ, Natl Koranyi Inst Pulmonol, Dept Pathol, Budapest, Hungary;Natl Inst Oncol, Dept Pathol, Budapest, Hungary.
    Brunnstrom, Hans
    Lund Univ, Lab Med Reg Skane, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Pathol, Lund, Sweden.
    Wu, Yin
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England.
    Moore, David A.
    UCL Canc Inst, Dept Pathol, London, England.
    Skrzypski, Marcin
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;Med Univ Gdansk, Dept Oncol & Radiotherapy, Gdansk, Poland.
    Abbosh, Christopher
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England.
    Litchfield, Kevin
    Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    Al Bakir, Maise
    Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    Watkins, Thomas B. K.
    Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    Veeriah, Selvaraju
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England.
    Wilson, Gareth A.
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    Jamal-Hanjani, Mariam
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England.
    Moldvay, Judit
    Semmelweis Univ, Natl Koranyi Inst Pulmonol, Dept Tumor Biol, Budapest, Hungary;Semmelweis Univ, Dept Pathol 2, SE NAP Brain Metastasis Res Grp, Budapest, Hungary.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Chinnaiyan, Arul M.
    Univ Michigan, Michigan Ctr Translat Pathol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Univ Michigan, Dept Pathol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Univ Michigan, Rogel Canc Ctr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Univ Michigan, Dept Urol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Univ Michigan, Howard Hughes Med Inst, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Hackshaw, Allan
    UCL, Canc Res UK, London, England;UCL, Univ Coll London Canc Trials Ctr, London, England.
    Bartek, Jiri
    Danish Canc Soc, Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark;Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Biochem & Biophys, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Csabai, Istvan
    Eotvos Lorand Univ, Dept Phys Complex Syst, Budapest, Hungary.
    Szallasi, Zoltan
    Danish Canc Soc, Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark;Semmelweis Univ, Dept Pathol 2, SE NAP Brain Metastasis Res Grp, Budapest, Hungary;Harvard Med Sch, Boston Childrens Hosp, Computat Hlth Informat Program, Boston, MA 02115 USA.
    Herrero, Javier
    UCL, Inst Canc, Bill Lyons Informat Ctr, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England.
    McGranahan, Nicholas
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;UCL, Univ Coll London Canc Inst, Canc Genome Evolut Res Grp, London, England.
    Swanton, Charles
    UCL, Inst Canc, Canc Res UK Lung Canc Ctr Excellence, Paul OGorman Bldg, London, England;Francis Crick Inst, Canc Evolut & Genome Instabil Lab, London, England.
    A clonal expression biomarker associates with lung cancer mortality2019Inngår i: Nature Medicine, ISSN 1078-8956, E-ISSN 1546-170X, Vol. 25, nr 10, s. 1540-1548Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An aim of molecular biomarkers is to stratify patients with cancer into disease subtypes predictive of outcome, improving diagnostic precision beyond clinical descriptors such as tumor stage(1). Transcriptomic intratumor heterogeneity (RNA-ITH) has been shown to confound existing expression-based biomarkers across multiple cancer types(2-6). Here, we analyze multi-region whole-exome and RNA sequencing data for 156 tumor regions from 48 patients enrolled in the TRACERx study to explore and control for RNA-ITH in non-small cell lung cancer. We find that chromosomal instability is a major driver of RNA-ITH, and existing prognostic gene expression signatures are vulnerable to tumor sampling bias. To address this, we identify genes expressed homogeneously within individual tumors that encode expression modules of cancer cell proliferation and are often driven by DNA copy-number gains selected early in tumor evolution. Clonal transcriptomic biomarkers overcome tumor sampling bias, associate with survival independent of clinicopathological risk factors, and may provide a general strategy to refine biomarker design across cancer types.

  • 6. Blaukat, Andree
    et al.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Kalatskaya, Irina
    Faussner, Alexander
    Müller-Esterl, Werner
    Downregulation of bradykinin B2 receptor in human fibroblasts during prolonged agonist exposure2003Inngår i: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology, ISSN 0363-6135, E-ISSN 1522-1539, Vol. 284, nr 6, s. H1909-1916Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustained activation of G protein-coupled receptors results in an attenuation of cellular responses, a phenomenon termed desensitization. Whereas mechanisms for rapid desensitization of ligand-receptor-G protein-effector systems are relatively well characterized, much less is known about long-term adaptation processes that occur in the continuous presence of an agonist. Here we have studied the fate of endogenously expressed bradykinin B(2) receptors on human fibroblasts during prolonged agonist treatment. Stimulation with bradykinin for up to 24 h resulted in a 50% reduction of surface binding sites that was paralleled by a similar decrease of total B(2) receptor protein followed by Western blotting using monoclonal antibodies to the B(2) receptor. Whereas B(2) receptor mRNA levels did not change during 24 h of agonist treatment, B(2) receptor de novo synthesis was attenuated by 35-50%, indicating translational control of B(2) receptor levels. Furthermore, the half-life of B(2) receptor protein was shortened by 20-40% as shown by (35)S-labeled pulse-chase and immunoprecipitation experiments. This study demonstrates that bradykinin B(2) receptor expression during long-term agonist treatment is primarily regulated on the (post)translational level, i.e., by attenuation of de novo synthesis and by reduction of receptor stability.

  • 7.
    Botling, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Edlund, Karolina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Lohr, Miriam
    Hellwig, Birte
    Holmberg, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Endokrinkirurgi.
    Lambe, Mats
    Berglund, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Endokrinkirurgi.
    Ekman, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för onkologi.
    Bergqvist, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för onkologi.
    Pontén, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    König, André
    Fernandes, Oswaldo
    Karlsson, Mats
    Helenius, Gisela
    Karlsson, Christina
    Rahnenführer, Jörg
    Hengstler, Jan G
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Biomarker discovery in non-small cell lung cancer: integrating gene expression profiling, meta-analysis and tissue microarray validation2013Inngår i: Clinical Cancer Research, ISSN 1078-0432, E-ISSN 1557-3265, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 194-204Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Global gene expression profiling has been widely used in lung cancer research to identify clinically relevant molecular subtypes as well as to predict prognosis and therapy response. So far, the value of these multi-gene signatures in clinical practice is unclear and the biological importance of individual genes is difficult to assess as the published signatures virtually do not overlap

    Methods:

    Here we describe a novel single institute cohort, including 196 non-small lung cancers (NSCLC) with clinical information and long-term follow-up. Gene expression array data was used as a training set to screen for single genes with prognostic impact. The top 450 probe sets identified using a univariate Cox regression model (significance level p<0.01) were tested in a meta-analysis including five publicly available independent lung cancer cohorts (n=860).

    RESULTS:

    The meta-analysis revealed 14 genes that were significantly associated with survival (p<0.001) with a false discovery rate <1%. The prognostic impact of one of these genes, the cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1), was confirmed by use of immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays from two independent NSCLC cohorts, altogether including 617 NSCLC samples. Low CADM1 protein expression was significantly associated with shorter survival, with particular influence in the adenocarcinoma patient subgroup.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Using a novel NSCLC cohort together with a meta-analysis validation approach, we have identified a set of single genes with independent prognostic impact. One of these genes, CADM1, was further established as an immunohistochemical marker with a potential application in clinical diagnostics.

  • 8.
    Botling, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för genetik och patologi.
    Edlund, Karolina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för genetik och patologi.
    Segersten, Ulrika
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Urologkirurgi.
    Tahmasebpoor, Simin
    Engström, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Öron-, näs- och halssjukdomar.
    Sundström, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för genetik och patologi.
    Malmström, Per-Uno
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Urologkirurgi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för genetik och patologi.
    Impact of thawing on RNA integrity and gene expression analysis in fresh frozen tissue2009Inngår i: Diagnostic molecular pathology (Print), ISSN 1052-9551, E-ISSN 1533-4066, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 44-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobanks of fresh, unfixed human tissue represent a valuable source for gene expression analysis in translational research and molecular pathology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of thawing on RNA integrity and gene expression in fresh frozen tissue specimens. Portions of snap frozen tonsil tissue, unfixed or immersed in RNAlater, were thawed at room temperature for 0 minute, 5 minutes, 30 minutes, 45 minutes, 1 hour, 3 hours, 6 hours, and 16 hours before RNA extraction. Additionally, tonsil tissue underwent repetitive freezing and thawing cycles. RNA integrity was analyzed by microchip gel electrophoresis and gene expression by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction for selected genes (FOS, TGFB1, HIF1A, BCL2, and PCNA). Minimal RNA degradation was detected after 30 minutes of thawing in unfixed samples. This degradation was accompanied by relevant changes in gene expression for FOS and BCL2 at 45 minutes. Modified primer design or the use of different housekeeping genes could not rectify the changes for FOS. Repetitive thawing cycles had similar effects on RNA integrity. The incubation of the tissue in RNAlater efficiently prevented RNA degradation. In conclusion, degradation of RNA in frozen tissue occurs first after several minutes of thawing. Already minimal decrease in RNA quality may result in significant changes in gene expression patterns in clinical tissue samples.

  • 9.
    Botling, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.
    Biobanking of fresh frozen tissue from clinical surgical specimens: transport logistics, sample selection, and histologic characterization.2011Inngår i: Methods in Molecular Biology, ISSN 1064-3745, E-ISSN 1940-6029, Vol. 675, s. 299-306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Access to high-quality fresh frozen tissue is critical for translational cancer research and molecular -diagnostics. Here we describe a workflow for the collection of frozen solid tissue samples derived from fresh human patient specimens after surgery. The routines have been in operation at Uppsala University Hospital since 2001. We have integrated cryosection and histopathologic examination of each biobank sample into the biobank manual. In this way, even small, macroscopically ill-defined lesions can be -procured without a diagnostic hazard due to the removal of uncharacterized tissue from a clinical -specimen. Also, knowledge of the histomorphology of the frozen tissue sample - tumor cell content, stromal components, and presence of necrosis - is pivotal before entering a biobank case into costly molecular profiling studies.

  • 10.
    Botling, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Fresh frozen tissue: RNA extraction and quality control2011Inngår i: Methods in Molecular Biology, ISSN 1064-3745, E-ISSN 1940-6029, Vol. 675, s. 405-413Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since RNA is believed to be the most vulnerable molecular component of unfixed tissue, preserved RNA integrity can be used as a general quality indicator in fresh frozen tissue biobanks. As the size of samples and biopsies often is small, in the range of millimeters or milligrams, it is important to implement quality control procedures adapted to minute the amounts of tissue. To this end, we here describe RNA extraction from one or a few frozen tissue sections and subsequent analysis of structural RNA integrity by microcapillary gel electrophoresis.

  • 11.
    Botling, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Moens, Lotte N.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylära verktyg.
    Sorqvist, Elin Falk
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylära verktyg.
    Sundström, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Nilsson, M.
    Targeted Resequencing of Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin-Embedded (FFPE) Specimens for Mutation Diagnostics in Solid Tumors2013Inngår i: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, ISSN 1525-1578, E-ISSN 1943-7811, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 916-916Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Brunnstrom, Hans
    et al.
    Reg Labs Reg Skane, Dept Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Lund, Sweden..
    Johansson, Anna
    Reg Labs Reg Skane, Dept Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Lund, Sweden..
    Westbom-Fremer, Sofia
    Reg Labs Reg Skane, Dept Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Backman, Max
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Patthey, Annika
    Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Pathol, Umea, Sweden..
    Isaksson-Mettvainio, Martin
    Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Pathol, Umea, Sweden..
    Gulyas, Miklos
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    PD-L1 immunohistochemistry in clinical diagnostics of lung cancer: inter-pathologist variability is higher than assay variability2017Inngår i: Modern Pathology, ISSN 0893-3952, E-ISSN 1530-0285, Vol. 30, nr 10, s. 1411-1421Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessment of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) immunohistochemical staining is used for decision on treatment with programmed cell death 1 and PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in lung adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas. This study aimed to compare the staining properties of tumor cells between the antibody clones 28-8, 22C3, SP142, and SP263 and investigate interrater variation between pathologists to see if these stainings can be safely evaluated in the clinical setting. Using consecutive sections from a tissue microarray with tumor tissue from 55 resected lung cancer cases, staining with five PD-L1 assays (28-8 from two different vendors, 22C3, SP142, and SP263) was performed. Seven pathologists individually evaluated the percentage of positive tumor cells, scoring each sample applying cutoff levels used in clinical studies: < 1% positive tumor cells (score 0), 1-4% (score 1), 5-9% (score 2), 10-24% (score 3), 25-49% (score 4), and > 50% positive tumor cells (score 5). Pairwise analysis of antibody clones showed weighted kappa values in the range of 0.45-0.91 with the highest values for comparisons with 22C3 and 28-8 and the lowest involving SP142. Excluding SP142 resulted in kappa 0.75-0.91. Weighted kappa for interobserver variation between pathologists was 0.71-0.96. Up to 20% of the cases were differently classified as positive or negative by any pathologist compared with consensus score using >= 1% positive tumor cells as cutoff. A significantly better agreement between pathologists was seen using >= 50% as cutoff (0-5% of cases). In conclusion, the concordance between the PD-L1 antibodies 22C3, 28-8 and SP263 is relatively good when evaluating lung cancers and suggests that any one of these assays may be sufficient as basis for decision on treatment with nivolumab, pembrolizumab, and durvalumab. The scoring of the pathologist presents an intrinsic source of error that should be considered especially at low PD-L1 scores.

  • 13. Cadenas, Cristina
    et al.
    Vosbeck, Sonja
    Edlund, Karolina
    Grgas, Katharina
    Madjar, Katrin
    Hellwig, Birte
    Adawy, Alshaimaa
    Glotzbach, Annika
    Stewart, Joanna D.
    Lesjak, Michaela S.
    Franckenstein, Dennis
    Claus, Maren
    Hayen, Heiko
    Schriewer, Alexander
    Gianmoena, Kathrin
    Thaler, Sonja
    Schmidt, Marcus
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Pontén, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Mardinoglu, Adil
    Zhang, Cheng
    Käfferlein, Heiko U.
    Watzl, Carsten
    Frank, Saša
    Rahnenführer, Jörg
    Marchan, Rosemarie
    Hengstler, Jan G.
    LIPG-promoted lipid storage mediates adaptation to oxidative stress in breast cancer2019Inngår i: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 145, nr 4, s. 901-915Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Endothelial lipase (LIPG) is a cell surface associated lipase that displays phospholipase A1 activity towards phosphatidylcholine present in high‐density lipoproteins (HDL). LIPG was recently reported to be expressed in breast cancer and to support proliferation, tumourigenicity and metastasis. Here we show that severe oxidative stress leading to AMPK activation triggers LIPG upregulation, resulting in intracellular lipid droplet accumulation in breast cancer cells, which supports survival. Neutralizing oxidative stress abrogated LIPG upregulation and the concomitant lipid storage. In human breast cancer, high LIPG expression was observed in a limited subset of tumours and was significantly associated with shorter metastasis‐free survival in node‐negative, untreated patients. Moreover, expression of PLIN2 and TXNRD1 in these tumours indicated a link to lipid storage and oxidative stress. Altogether, our findings reveal a previously unrecognized role for LIPG in enabling oxidative stress‐induced lipid droplet accumulation in tumour cells that protects against oxidative stress, and thus supports tumour progression.

  • 14.
    Dietel, M.
    et al.
    Univ Med Berlin, Charite, Inst Pathol, Berlin, Germany.
    Savelov, N.
    Moscow City Oncol Hosp 62, Dept Pathol, Moscow, Russia.
    Salanova, R.
    Hosp Gastroenterol Dr Carlos Bonorino Udaondo, Dept Pathol, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Bigras, G.
    Univ Alberta, Cross Canc Inst, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
    Hida, T.
    Aichi Canc Ctr, Dept Thorac Oncol, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.
    Antunez, J.
    Univ Hosp Santiago Compostela, Pathol Dept, La Coruna, Spain.
    Skov, B. Guldhammer
    Rigshosp, Dept Pathol, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Hutarew, G.
    Univ Hosp, Inst Pathol, Salzburg, Austria;Paracelsus Med Univ Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
    Sua, L. F.
    Fdn Valle Lili, Clin Res Ctr, Dept Pathol & Lab Med, Cali, Colombia.
    Akita, H.
    Hokkaido Univ, Fac Med, Dept Med Oncol, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan;Hokkaido Univ, Grad Sch Med, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
    Chan, O. S. H.
    Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hosp, Dept Clin Oncol, Chai Wan, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Piperdi, B.
    Merck & Co Inc, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Burke, T.
    Merck & Co Inc, Ctr Observat & Real World Evidence, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Khambata-Ford, S.
    Merck & Co Inc, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Deitz, A. C.
    Merck & Co Inc, Ctr Observat & Real World Evidence, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Real-world prevalence of programmed death ligand 1 expression in locally advanced or metastatic non small-cell lung cancer: The global, multicenter EXPRESS study2019Inngår i: Lung Cancer, ISSN 0169-5002, E-ISSN 1872-8332, Vol. 134, s. 174-179Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    Tumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression is associated with improved clinical benefit from immunotherapies targeting the PD-1 pathway. We conducted a global, multicenter, retrospective observational study to determine real-world prevalence of tumor PD-L1 expression in patients with NSCLC.

    Materials and methods

    Patients ≥18 years with histologically confirmed stage IIIB/IV NSCLC and a tumor tissue block (≤5 years old) obtained before treatment were identified in 45 centers across 18 countries. Tumor samples from eligible patients were selected consecutively, when possible. PD-L1 expression was evaluated at each center using the PD-L1 IHC 22C3 pharmDx kit (Agilent, Santa Clara, CA, USA).

    Results

    Of 2617 patients who met inclusion criteria, 2368 (90%) had PD-L1 data; 530 (22%) patients had PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50%, 1232 (52%) had PD-L1 TPS ≥ 1%, and 1136 (48%) had PD-L1 TPS < 1%. The most common reason for not having PD-L1 data (n = 249) was insufficient tumor cells (<100) on the slide (n = 170 [6%]). Percentages of patients with PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50% and TPS ≥ 1%, respectively were: 22%/52% in Europe; 22%/53% in Asia Pacific; 21%/47% in the Americas, and 24%/55% in other countries. Prevalence of EGFR mutations (19%) and ALK alterations (3%) was consistent with prior reports from metastatic NSCLC studies. Among 1064 patients negative for both EGFR mutation and ALK alteration, the percentage with PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50% and TPS ≥ 1%, respectively, were 27% and 53%.

    Conclusions

    This is the largest real-world study in advanced NSCLC to date evaluating PD-L1 tumor expression using the 22C3 pharmDx kit. Testing failure rate was low with local evaluation of PD-L1 TPS across a large number of centers. Prevalence of PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50% and TPS ≥ 1% among patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC was similar across geographic regions and broadly consistent with central testing results from clinical trial screening populations.

  • 15.
    Dietel, M.
    et al.
    Charite Berlin Mitte, Inst Pathol, Berlin, Germany.
    Savelov, N.
    Moscow Oncol Hosp, Moscow, Russia.
    Salanova, R.
    Hosp Gastroenterol Dr Carlos Bonorino Udaondo, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Bigras, G.
    Univ Alberta, Cross Canc Inst, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
    Hida, T.
    Aichi Canc Ctr, Dept Thorac Oncol, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.
    Piperdi, B.
    Merck & Co Inc, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Burke, T.
    Merck & Co Inc, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Khambata-Ford, S.
    Merck & Co Inc, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Deitz, A.
    Merck & Co Inc, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    30O Real-world prevalence of PD-L1 expression in locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): The global, multicentre EXPRESS study2018Inngår i: Journal of Thoracic Oncology, ISSN 1556-0864, E-ISSN 1556-1380, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. S74-S75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Dodig-Crnkovic, Tea
    Affinity Proteomics, SciLifeLab, School of Biotechnology, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Solna, Sweden.
    Hellström, Cecilia
    Affinity Proteomics, SciLifeLab, School of Biotechnology, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Solna, Sweden.
    Holgersson, Georg
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.
    Bergqvist, Michael
    Department of Oncology, Gavle Hospital, Gavle, Sweden..
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Ponten, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Ståhle, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Thoraxkirurgi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Schwenk, Jochen M.
    Affinity Proteomics, SciLifeLab, School of Biotechnology, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Solna, Sweden.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Detection of autoantibodies against cancer-testis antigens in non-small cell lung cancer2018Inngår i: Lung Cancer, ISSN 0169-5002, E-ISSN 1872-8332, Vol. 125, s. 157-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cancer testis antigens (CTAs) are defined as proteins that are specifically expressed in testis or placenta and their expression is frequently activated in cancer. Due to their ability to induce an immune response, CTAs may serve as suitable targets for immunotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is reactivity against CTAs in the plasma of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients through the detection of circulating antibodies. 

    To comprehensively analyse auto-antibodies against CTAs the multiplexing capacities of suspension bead array technology was used. Bead arrays were created with 120 protein fragments, representing 112 CTAs. Reactivity profiles were measured in plasma samples from 133 NSCLC patients and 57 cases with benign lung diseases. Altogether reactivity against 69 antigens, representing 81 CTAs, was demonstrated in at least one of the analysed samples. Twenty-nine of the antigens (45 CTAs) demonstrated exclusive reactivity in NSCLC samples. Reactivity against CT47A genes, PAGE3, VCX, MAGEB1, LIN28B and C12orf54 were only found in NSCLC patients at a frequency of 1%-4%. The presence of autoantibodies towards these six antigens was confirmed in an independent group of 34 NSCLC patients.

    In conclusion, we identified autoantibodies against CTAs in the plasma of lung cancer patients. The reactivity pattern of autoantibodies was higher in cancer patients compared to the benign group, stable over time, but low in frequency of occurrence. The findings suggest that some CTAs are immunogenic and that these properties can be utilized as immune targets.

  • 17.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Grinberg, Marianna
    Tu Dortmund Univ, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Edlund, Karolina
    Tu Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Rahnenfuehrer, Joerg
    Tu Dortmund Univ, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Hengstler, Jan
    Tu Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    La Fleur, Linnea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Ekman, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Brunnström, Hans
    Lund Univ, Div Pathol, Lund, Sweden..
    Koyi, Hirsh
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Pneumol, Gavle, Sweden..
    Branden, Eva
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Pneumol, Gavle, Sweden..
    Lambe, Mats
    Reg Canc Ctr Uppsala Orebro, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Jirström, Karin
    Lund Univ, Div Pathol, Lund, Sweden..
    Pontén, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    The Crux of Molecular Prognostications in NSCLC: An Optimized Biomarker Panel Fails to Outperform Clinical Parameters2015Inngår i: Journal of Thoracic Oncology, ISSN 1556-0864, E-ISSN 1556-1380, Vol. 10, nr 9, s. S712-S713Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Hallström, Bjorn M.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Horie, Masafumi
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Tokyo, Japan..
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    La Fleur, Linnea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Fagerberg, Linn
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Brunnström, Hans
    Reg Labs Reg Skane, Dept Pathol, Lund, Sweden..
    Lindskog, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Madjar, Katrin
    Tech Univ Dortmund, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Rahnenfuehrer, Joerg
    Tech Univ Dortmund, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Ekman, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.
    Ståhle, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Koyi, Hirsh
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg.
    Brandén, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg.
    Edlund, Karolina
    Tech Univ Dortmund, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Hengstler, Jan G.
    Tech Univ Dortmund, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Lambe, Mats
    Univ Uppsala Hosp, Reg Canc Ctr, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Saito, Akira
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Tokyo, Japan..
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Ponten, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Uhlen, Mathias
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Profiling cancer testis antigens in non-small-cell lung cancer2016Inngår i: JCI INSIGHT, ISSN 2379-3708, Vol. 1, nr 10, artikkel-id e86837Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cancer testis antigens (CTAs) are of clinical interest as biomarkers and present valuable targets for immunotherapy. To comprehensively characterize the CTA landscape of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we compared RNAseq data from 199 NSCLC tissues to the normal transcriptome of 142 samples from 32 different normal organs. Of 232 CTAs currently annotated in the Caner Testis Database (CTdatabase), 96 were confirmed in NSCLC. To obtain an unbiased CTA profile of NSCLC, we applied stringent criteria on our RNAseq data set and defined 90 genes as CTAs, of which 55 genes were not annotated in the CTdatabase, thus representing potential new CTAs. Cluster analysis revealed that CTA expression is histology dependent and concurrent expression is common. IHC confirmed tissue-specific protein expression of selected new CTAs (TKTL1, TGIF2LX, VCX, and CXORF67). Furthermore, methylation was identified as a regulatory mechanism of CTA expression based on independent data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. The proposed prognostic impact of CTAs in lung cancer was not confirmed, neither in our RNAseq cohort nor in an independent meta-analysis of 1,117 NSCLC cases. In summary, we defined a set of 90 reliable CTAs, including information on protein expression, methylation, and survival association. The detailed RNAseq catalog can guide biomarker studies and efforts to identify targets for immunotherapeutic strategies.

  • 19.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Hallström, Björn
    Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    La Fleur, Linnea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Fagerberg, Linn
    Brunnström, Hans
    Lund Univ, Div Pathol, Lund, Sweden..
    Ekman, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Ståhle, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Thoraxkirurgi.
    Koyi, Hirsh
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Pneumol, S-80187 Gavle, Sweden..
    Lambe, Mats
    Reg Canc Ctr Uppsala Orebro, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Branden, Eva
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Pneumol, S-80187 Gavle, Sweden..
    Lindskog, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Pontén, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Uhlen, Mathias
    Royal Inst Technol, Sci Life Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    The Identification of Therapeutic Targets in Lung Cancer Based on Transcriptomic and Proteomic Characterization of Cancer-Testis Antigens2015Inngår i: Journal of Thoracic Oncology, ISSN 1556-0864, E-ISSN 1556-1380, Vol. 10, nr 9, s. S256-S256Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Pontén, Victor
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Landelius, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Thoraxkirurgi.
    Al Sayegh, Sahar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Vaskulärbiologi.
    Kappert, Kai
    Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Pathobiochemistry; Center for Cardiovascular Research (CCR), Berlin, Germany.
    Kamali-Moghaddam, Masood
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylära verktyg.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Ståhle, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Thoraxkirurgi.
    Multiplex plasma protein profiling identifies novel markers to discriminate patients with adenocarcinoma of the lung2019Inngår i: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, E-ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 19, artikkel-id 741Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:The overall prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is poor, and currently only patients with localized disease are potentially curable. Therefore, preferably non-invasively determined biomarkers that detect NSCLC patients at early stages of the disease are of high clinical relevance. The aim of this study was to identify and validate novel protein markers in plasma using the highly sensitive DNA-assisted multiplex proximity extension assay (PEA) to discriminate NSCLC from other lung diseases. 

    Methods:Plasma samples were collected from a total of 343 patients who underwent surgical resection for different lung diseases, including 144 patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LAC),68 patients with non-malignant lung disease, 83 with lung metastasis of colorectal cancers and 48 patients with typical carcinoid. One microliter of plasma was analyzed using PEA, allowing detection and quantification of 92 established cancer related proteins. The concentrations of the plasma proteins were compared between disease groups.

    Results:The comparison between LAC and benign samples revealed significantly different plasma levels for four proteins; CXL17, CEACAM5, VEGFR2 and ERBB3 (adjusted p-value < 0.05). A multi-parameter classifier was developed to discriminate between samples from LAC patients and from patients with non-malignant lung conditions. With a bootstrap aggregated decision tree algorithm (TreeBagger) a sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 64% was achieved to detect LAC in this risk population. 

    Conclusion:By applying the highly sensitive PEA, reliable protein profiles could be determined in microliter amounts of plasma. We further identified proteins that demonstrated different plasma concentration in defined disease groups and developed a signature that holds potential to be included in a screening assay for early lung cancer detection. 

  • 21.
    Edlund, Karolina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Larsson, Ola
    Ameur, Adam
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Bunikis, Ignas
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik.
    Gyllensten, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik.
    Leroy, Bernard
    Sundström, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Soussi, Thierry
    Data-driven unbiased curation of the TP53 tumor suppressor gene mutation database and validation by ultradeep sequencing of human tumors2012Inngår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 109, nr 24, s. 9551-9556Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cancer mutation databases are expected to play central roles in personalized medicine by providing targets for drug development and biomarkers to tailor treatments to each patient. The accuracy of reported mutations is a critical issue that is commonly overlooked, which leads to mutation databases that include a sizable number of spurious mutations, either sequencing errors or passenger mutations. Here we report an analysis of the latest version of the TP53 mutation database, including 34,453 mutations. By using several data-driven methods on multiple independent quality criteria, we obtained a quality score for each report contributing to the database. This score can now be used to filter for high-confidence mutations and reports within the database. Sequencing the entire TP53 gene from various types of cancer using next-generation sequencing with ultradeep coverage validated our approach for curation. In summary, 9.7% of all collected studies, mostly comprising numerous tumors with multiple infrequent TP53 mutations, should be excluded when analyzing TP53 mutations. Thus, by combining statistical and experimental analyses, we provide a curated mutation database for TP53 mutations and a framework for mutation database analysis.

  • 22.
    Edlund, Karolina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Lindskog, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Saito, Akira
    Berglund, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Endokrinkirurgi.
    Pontén, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Göransson-Kultima, Hanna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Isaksson, Anders
    Jirström, Karin
    Planck-Sturegård, Maria
    Johansson, Leif
    Lambe, Mats
    Holmberg, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Endokrinkirurgi.
    Nyberg, Fredrik
    Ekman, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för onkologi.
    Bergqvist, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för onkologi.
    Landelius, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Thoraxkirurgi.
    Lamberg, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lungmedicin och allergologi.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Östman, Arne
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    CD99 is a novel prognostic stromal marker in non-small cell lung cancer2012Inngår i: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 131, nr 10, s. 2264-2273Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The complex interaction between cancer cells and the microenvironment plays an essential role in all stages of tumourigenesis. Despite the significance of this interplay, alterations in protein composition underlying tumour-stroma interactions are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify stromal proteins with clinical relevance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A list encompassing 203 stromal candidate genes was compiled based on gene expression array data and available literature. The protein expression of these genes in human NSCLC was screened using the Human Protein Atlas. Twelve proteins were selected that showed a differential stromal staining pattern (BGN, CD99, DCN, EMILIN1, FBN1, PDGFRB, PDLIM5, POSTN, SPARC, TAGLN, TNC, VCAN). The corresponding antibodies were applied on tissue microarrays, including 190 NSCLC samples, and stromal staining was correlated with clinical parameters. Higher stromal expression of CD99 was associated with better prognosis in the univariate (p=0.037) and multivariate (p=0.039) analysis. The association was independent from the proportion of tumour stroma, the fraction of inflammatory cells, and clinical and pathological parameters like stage, performance status and tumour histology. The prognostic impact of stromal CD99 protein expression was confirmed in an independent cohort of 240 NSCLC patients (p=0.008). Furthermore, double-staining confocal fluorescence microscopy showed that CD99 was expressed in stromal lymphocytes as well as in cancer associated fibroblasts. Based on a comprehensive screening strategy the membrane protein CD99 was identified as a novel stromal factor with clinical relevance. The results support the concept that stromal properties have an important impact on tumour progression.

  • 23.
    Edlund, Karolina
    et al.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany.
    Madjar, Katrin
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany.
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Lindskog, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Brunnström, Hans
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Oncol & Pathol, Lund, Sweden.
    Koyi, Hirsh
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Gävle Cent Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Gävle, Sweden.
    Brandén, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Gävle Cent Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Gävle, Sweden.
    Jirström, Karin
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Oncol & Pathol, Lund, Sweden.
    Pontén, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Rahnenführer, Jörg
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Hengstler, Jan G
    TU Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany.
    Prognostic Impact of Tumor Cell Programmed Death Ligand 1 Expression and Immune Cell Infiltration in NSCLC2019Inngår i: Journal of Thoracic Oncology, ISSN 1556-0864, E-ISSN 1556-1380, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 628-640, artikkel-id S1556-0864(19)30009-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Infiltration of T and B/plasma cells has been linked to NSCLC prognosis, but this has not been thoroughly investigated in relation to the expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1). Here, we determine the association of lymphocytes and PD-L1 with overall survival (OS) in two retrospective cohorts of operated NSCLC patients who were not treated with checkpoint inhibitors targeting the programmed death 1/PD-L1 axis. Moreover, we evaluate how PD-L1 positivity and clinicopathologic factors affect the prognostic association of lymphocytes.

    Methods: Cluster of differentiation (CD) 3 (CD3)-, CD8-, CD4-, forkhead box P3 (FOXP3)-, CD20-, CD79A-, and immunoglobulin kappa constant (IGKC)-positive immune cells, and tumor PD-L1 positivity, were determined by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays (n = 705). Affymetrix data was analyzed for a patient subset, and supplemented with publicly available transcriptomics data (N = 1724). Associations with OS were assessed by Kaplan-Meier plots and uni- and multivariate Cox regression.

    Results: Higher levels of T and B plasma cells were associated with longer OS (p = 0.004 and p < 0.001, for CD8 and IGKC, respectively). Highly proliferative tumors with few lymphocytes had the worst outcome. No association of PD-L1 positivity with OS was observed in a nonstratified patient population; however, a significant association with shorter OS was observed in never-smokers (p = 0.009 and p = 0.002, 5% and 50% cutoff). Lymphocyte infiltration was not associated with OS in PD-L1–positive tumors (50% cutoff). The prognostic association of lymphocyte infiltration also depended on the patients’ smoking history and histologic subtype.

    Conclusions: Proliferation, PD-L1 status, smoking history, and histology should be considered if lymphocyte infiltration is to be used as a prognostic biomarker.

  • 24.
    Elfving, Hedvig
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Lindskog, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Backman, Max
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Menzel, Uwe
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Programmed Cell Death Ligand 1 Immunohistochemistry: A Concordance Study Between Surgical Specimen, Biopsy, and Tissue Microarray2019Inngår i: Clinical Lung Cancer, ISSN 1525-7304, E-ISSN 1938-0690, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 258-262.e1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression within the same lung cancer tissue is variable. In this study we evaluated if the PD-L1 expression on small biopsy specimens represent the PD-L1 status of the corresponding resection specimen. Our results indicate a relative good agreement between biopsy and surgical specimens, with a discordance in approximately 10% of the cases. Background: The immunohistochemical analysis of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor tissue of non-small-cell lung cancer patients has now been integrated in the diagnostic workup. Analysis is commonly done on small tissue biopsy samples representing a minimal fraction of the whole tumor. The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation of PD-L1 expression on biopsy specimens with corresponding resection specimens. Materials and Methods: In total, 58 consecutive cases with preoperative biopsy and resected tumor specimens were selected. From each resection specimen 2 tumor cores were compiled into a tissue microarray (TMA). Immunohistochemical staining with the antibody SP263 was performed on biopsy specimens, resection specimens (whole sections), as well as on the TMA. Results: The proportion of PD-L1-positive stainings were comparable between the resection specimens (48% and 19%), the biopsies (43% and 17%), and the TMAs (47% and 14%), using cutoffs of 1% and 50%, respectively (P > .39 all comparisons). When the resection specimens were considered as reference, PD-L1 status differed in 16%/5% for biopsies and in 9%/9% for TMAs (1%/50% cutoff). The sensitivity of the biopsy analysis was 79%/82% and the specificity was 90%/98% at the 1%/50% cutoff. The Cohens kappa value for the agreement between biopsy and tumor. was 0.70 at the 1% cutoff and 0.83 at the 50% cutoff. Conclusion: The results indicate a moderate concordance between the analysis of biopsy and whole tumor tissue, resulting in misclassification of samples in particular when the lower 1% cutoff was used. Clinicians should be aware of this uncertainty when interpreting PD-L1 reports for treatment decisions.

  • 25.
    Fristedt, Richard
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Borg, David
    Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Hedner, Charlotta
    Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Berntsson, Jonna
    Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Nodin, Bjorn
    Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Eberhard, Jakob
    Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.
    Jirström, Karin
    Lund Univ, Div Oncol & Pathol, Dept Clin Sci, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden..
    Prognostic impact of tumour-associated B cells and plasma cells in oesophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma2016Inngår i: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology, ISSN 2078-6891, E-ISSN 2219-679X, Vol. 7, nr 6, s. 848-859Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: While it is well established that the cell-mediated immune response plays an important role in cancer progression and spread, the role of the humoral immune response in this regard has been less studied. According to the existing literature, dense infiltration of B cells or plasma cells appears to correlate mainly with an improved prognosis in several types of cancer, but their prognostic impact in oesophageal and gastric cancer has not yet been described. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was applied on tissue microarrays (TMA) to assess the stromal density of B cells (CD20+) and plasma cells [CD138+ or immunoglobulin kappa C (IGKC+)] in chemo-/radiotherapy-naive tumours from a consecutive cohort of 174 patients with resected oesophageal or gastric adenocarcinoma. Cox proportional hazard's modelling was applied to examine the impact of the investigated markers on overall survival (OS) and time to recurrence (TTR). Results: In curatively treated patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma, high expression of IGKC was an independent predictor of a prolonged OS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.02-0.57], and TTR (HR 0.15; 95% CI, 0.03-0.71). In curatively treated patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, high expression of IGKC independently predicted a prolonged OS (HR 0.46; 95 % CI, 0.24-0.87) and TTR (HR 0.46; 95% CI, 0.21-0.98). Expression of CD20 was not prognostic, and CD138 expression was only prognostic in unadjusted analysis of TTR in gastric cancer. Conclusions: These results demonstrate, for the first time, that abundant infiltration of IGKC+ plasma cells independently predicts a prolonged survival in both oesophageal and gastric cancer.

  • 26.
    Fristedt, Richard
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Hedner, Charlotta
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Borg, David
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Nodin, Björn
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Eberhard, Jakob
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Jirström, Karin
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden.
    Prognostic impact of tumor-associated B-cells and plasma cells in esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma2016Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology, ISSN 0732-183X, E-ISSN 1527-7755, Vol. 34, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Furuhashi, Masao
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Sjöblom, Tobias
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Abramsson, Alexandra
    Ellingsen, Jens
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Li, Hong
    Bergsten-Folestad, Erika
    Eriksson, Ulf
    Heuchel, Rainer
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Betsholtz, Christer
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Heldin, Carl-Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Östman, Arne
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Platelet-derived growth factor production by B16 melanoma cells leads to increased pericyte abundance in tumors and an associated increase in tumor growth rate2004Inngår i: Cancer Research, ISSN 0008-5472, E-ISSN 1538-7445, Vol. 64, nr 8, s. 2725-2733Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor signaling participates in different processes in solid tumors, including autocrine stimulation of tumor cell growth, recruitment of tumor stroma fibroblasts, and stimulation of tumor angiogenesis. In the present study, the B16 mouse melanoma tumor model was used to investigate the functional consequences of paracrine PDGF stimulation of host-derived cells. Production of PDGF-BB or PDGF-DD by tumor cells was associated with an increased tumor growth rate. Characterization of tumors revealed an increase in pericyte abundance in tumors derived from B16 cells producing PDGF-BB or PDGF-DD. The increased tumor growth rate associated with PDGF-DD production was not seen in mice expressing an attenuated PDGF beta-receptor and was thus dependent on host PDGF beta-receptor signaling. The increased pericyte abundance was not associated with an increased tumor vessel density. However, tumor cell apoptosis, but not proliferation, was reduced in tumors displaying PDGF-induced increased pericyte coverage. Our findings thus demonstrate that paracrine PDGF production stimulates pericyte recruitment to tumor vessels and suggest that pericyte abundance influences tumor cell apoptosis and tumor growth.

  • 28.
    Gremel, Gabriela
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Bergman, Julia
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Edqvist, Per-Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Maindad, Vikas
    Bharambe, Bhavana M.
    Khan, Wasif Ali Z. A.
    Navani, Sanjay
    Elebro, Jacob
    Jirstrom, Karin
    Hellberg, Dan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning Dalarna. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Uhlen, Mathias
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Pontén, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    A systematic analysis of commonly used antibodies in cancer diagnostics2014Inngår i: Histopathology, ISSN 0309-0167, E-ISSN 1365-2559, Vol. 64, nr 2, s. 293-305Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AimsImmunohistochemistry plays a pivotal role in cancer differential diagnostics. To identify the primary tumour from a metastasis specimen remains a significant challenge, despite the availability of an increasing number of antibodies. The aim of the present study was to provide evidence-based data on the diagnostic power of antibodies used frequently for clinical differential diagnostics. Methods and resultsA tissue microarray cohort comprising 940 tumour samples, of which 502 were metastatic lesions, representing tumours from 18 different organs and four non-localized cancer types, was analysed using immunohistochemistry with 27 well-established antibodies used in clinical differential diagnostics. Few antibodies, e.g. prostate-specific antigen and thyroglobulin, showed a cancer type-related sensitivity and specificity of more than 95%. A majority of the antibodies showed a low degree of sensitivity and specificity for defined cancer types. Combinations of antibodies provided limited added value for differential diagnostics of cancer types. ConclusionsThe results from analysing 27 diagnostic antibodies on consecutive sections of 940 defined tumours provide a unique repository of data that can empower a more optimal use of clinical immunohistochemistry. Our results highlight the benefit of immunohistochemistry and the unmet need for novel markers to improve differential diagnostics of cancer.

  • 29. Grinberg, Marianna
    et al.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Brunnström, Hans R R
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Edlund, Karolina
    Hengstler, Jan G
    La Fleur, Linnea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Ekman, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.
    Koyi, Hirsh
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg.
    Branden, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg.
    Ståhle, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Thoraxkirurgi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Jirström, Karin
    Tracy, Derek K
    Ponten, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Rahnenführer, Jörg
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Reaching the limits of prognostication in non-small cell lung cancer: an optimized biomarker panel fails to outperform clinical parameters.2017Inngår i: Modern Pathology, ISSN 0893-3952, E-ISSN 1530-0285, Vol. 30, nr 7, s. 964-977Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous protein biomarkers have been analyzed to improve prognostication in non-small cell lung cancer, but have not yet demonstrated sufficient value to be introduced into clinical practice. Here, we aimed to develop and validate a prognostic model for surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer. A biomarker panel was selected based on (1) prognostic association in published literature, (2) prognostic association in gene expression data sets, (3) availability of reliable antibodies, and (4) representation of diverse biological processes. The five selected proteins (MKI67, EZH2, SLC2A1, CADM1, and NKX2-1 alias TTF1) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays including tissue from 326 non-small cell lung cancer patients. One score was obtained for each tumor and each protein. The scores were combined, with or without the inclusion of clinical parameters, and the best prognostic model was defined according to the corresponding concordance index (C-index). The best-performing model was subsequently validated in an independent cohort consisting of tissue from 345 non-small cell lung cancer patients. The model based only on protein expression did not perform better compared to clinicopathological parameters, whereas combining protein expression with clinicopathological data resulted in a slightly better prognostic performance (C-index: all non-small cell lung cancer 0.63 vs 0.64; adenocarcinoma: 0.66 vs 0.70, squamous cell carcinoma: 0.57 vs 0.56). However, this modest effect did not translate into a significantly improved accuracy of survival prediction. The combination of a prognostic biomarker panel with clinicopathological parameters did not improve survival prediction in non-small cell lung cancer, questioning the potential of immunohistochemistry-based assessment of protein biomarkers for prognostication in clinical practice.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 10 March 2017; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2017.14.

  • 30.
    Grudén, Stefan
    et al.
    LIDDS AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sandelin, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lungmedicin och allergologi.
    Rasanen, Veera
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Hedeland, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Avdelningen för analytisk farmaceutisk kemi. National Veterinary Institute (SVA), Department of Chemistry, Environment and Feed Hygiene, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Axén, Niklas
    LIDDS AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jeansson, Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Vaskulärbiologi.
    Antitumoral effect and reduced systemic toxicity in mice after intra-tumoral injection of an in vivo solidifying calcium sulfate formulation with docetaxel2017Inngår i: European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics, ISSN 0939-6411, E-ISSN 1873-3441, Vol. 114, s. 186-193Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Docetaxel is a cytostatic agent approved for treatment of non-small cell lung cancer as well as other cancers. Although docetaxel is an effective cytostatic agent, its effectiveness in clinical practice is associated with a variety of acute and long term side-effects. To overcome systemic side-effects, a slow release formulation based on calcium sulfate with docetaxel for intra-tumoral administration was developed.

    Methods

    Two formulations with the calcium sulfate NanoZolid technology were generated with a twofold difference in docetaxel drug load. The formulations were injected intra-tumorally as a paste which solidified within the tumor. The effects of the two intra-tumoral injection formulations were tested in female mice (n = 60) inoculated with subcutaneous Lewis lung carcinoma cells. The two formulations were compared to systemic intraperitoneal injection of docetaxel and a placebo formulation without docetaxel. Tumor volumes were measured and systemic side-effects were evaluated using body weight and cell counts from whole blood as well as plasma concentrations.

    Results

    Both docetaxel formulations showed a significantly higher antitumor efficacy compared to placebo, which was comparable to that of systemic administration of docetaxel. Moreover, the intra-tumoral formulations with docetaxel showed reduced systemic toxicity compared to systemic treatment, including less weight loss and no decrease in blood cell counts.

    Conclusions

    The results suggest that intra-tumoral slow release calcium sulfate based formulations with docetaxel can be an alternative strategy as an efficient local antitumoral treatment with reduced systemic toxicity.

  • 31. Grundberg, Ida
    et al.
    Kiflemariam, Sara
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Mignardi, Marco
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Imgenberg-Kreuz, Juliana
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Edlund, Karolina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Sundström, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Sjöblom, Tobias
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Nilsson, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylära verktyg.
    In situ mutation detection and visualization of intratumor heterogeneity for cancer research and diagnostics2013Inngår i: Oncotarget, ISSN 1949-2553, Vol. 4, nr 12, s. 2407-2418Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Current assays for somatic mutation analysis are based on extracts from tissue sections that often contain morphologically heterogeneous neoplastic regions with variable contents of normal stromal and inflammatory cells, obscuring the results of the assays. We have developed an RNA-based in situ mutation assay that targets oncogenic mutations in a multiplex fashion that resolves the heterogeneity of the tissue sample. Activating oncogenic mutations are targets for a new generation of cancer drugs. For anti-EGFR therapy prediction, we demonstrate reliable in situ detection of KRAS mutations in codon 12 and 13 in colon and lung cancers in three different types of routinely processed tissue materials. High-throughput screening of KRAS mutation status was successfully performed on a tissue microarray. Moreover, we show how the patterns of expressed mutated and wild-type alleles can be studied in situ in tumors with complex combinations of mutated EGFR, KRAS and TP53. This in situ method holds great promise as a tool to investigate the role of somatic mutations during tumor progression and for prediction of response to targeted therapy.

  • 32.
    Gulyas, Miklos
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Mattsson, Johanna S. M.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Lindgren, Andrea
    Linkoping Univ, Inst Med & Hlth, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Sederholm, Christer
    Linkoping Univ Hosp, Pulm Med, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Ek, Lars
    Skane Univ Hosp, Pulm Med, Lund, Sweden..
    Lamberg, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lungmedicin och allergologi.
    Behndig, Annelie
    Norrland Univ Hosp, Pulm Med, Umea, Sweden..
    Holmberg, Erik
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Clin Sci, Sahlgrensk Acad, Dept Oncol, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Bergman, Bengt
    Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Pulm Med, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    COX-2 Expression Does Not Predict Outcome of Celecoxib in Addition to Standard Chemotherapy in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer2015Inngår i: Journal of Thoracic Oncology, ISSN 1556-0864, E-ISSN 1556-1380, Vol. 10, nr 9, s. S541-S542Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Gulyas, Miklos
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Lindgren, Andrea
    Ek, Lars
    Lamberg, Kristina
    Behndig, Annelie
    Holmberg, Erik
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Bergman, Bengt
    COX-2 expression and effects of celecoxib in addition to standard chemotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.Inngår i: Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is proposed as a treatment option in several cancer types. However, in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), phase III trials have failed to demonstrate a benefit of adding COX-2 inhibitors to standard chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to analyse COX-2 expression in tumor and stromal cells as predictive biomarker for COX-2 inhibition.

    Methods: In the multicenter phase III trial, 316 patients with advanced NSCLC were randomized to receive celecoxib (400 mg b.i.d.) or placebo up to one year in addition to a two-drug platinum-based chemotherapy combination. In a subset of 122 patients, archived tumor tissue was available for immunohistochemical analysis of COX-2 expression in tumor and stromal cells.

    Results: An updated analysis of all 316 patients included in the original trial, and of the 122 patients with available tumor tissue, showed no survival differences between the celecoxib and placebo arms (HR 1.01; 95%CI 0.81-1.27 and HR 1.12; 95%CI 0.78-1.61, respectively). Similarly, in patients with high COX-2 expression in tumor cells (n=71) or stromal cells (n=55), survival did not differ significantly between patients who received celecoxib or placebo (HR 1.07; 95%CI 0.74-1.54 and HR 0.80; 95%CI 0.56-1.15). No significant interaction effect between COX-2 score in tumor or stromal cells and celecoxib effect on survival was detected (p=0.48 and 0.25, respectively).

    Conclusion: In this subgroup analysis of patients with advanced NSCLC, we could not detect any significant interaction between COX-2 expression in tumor or stromal cells and outcome of celecoxib treatment in addition to standard chemotherapy.

  • 34.
    Gulyas, Miklos
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Lindgren, Andrea
    Linköping Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Allergy Ctr, Fac Hlth Sci.
    Ek, Lars
    Skåne Univ Hosp, Pulm Med, Lund.
    Lamberg Lundström, Kristina
    Akad Hosp, Pulm Med, Uppsala.
    Behndig, Annelie
    Norrland Univ Hosp, Pulm Med, Umeå.
    Holmberg, Erik
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Clin Sci, Dept Oncol, Gothenburg.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Bergman, Bengt
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Med, Dept Resp Med.
    COX-2 expression and effects of celecoxib in addition to standard chemotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.2018Inngår i: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 57, nr 2, s. 244-250Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is proposed as a treatment option in several cancer types. However, in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), phase III trials have failed to demonstrate a benefit of adding COX-2 inhibitors to standard chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to analyze COX-2 expression in tumor and stromal cells as predictive biomarker for COX-2 inhibition.

    Methods: In a multicenter phase III trial, 316 patients with advanced NSCLC were randomized to receive celecoxib (400 mg b.i.d.) or placebo up to one year in addition to a two-drug platinum-based chemotherapy combination. In a subset of 122 patients, archived tumor tissue was available for immunohistochemical analysis of COX-2 expression in tumor and stromal cells. For each compartment, COX-2 expression was graded as high or low, based on a product score of extension and intensity of positively stained cells.

    Results: An updated analysis of all 316 patients included in the original trial, and of the 122 patients with available tumor tissue, showed no survival differences between the celecoxib and placebo arms (HR 1.01; 95% CI 0.81–1.27 and HR 1.12; 95% CI 0.78–1.61, respectively). High COX-2 scores in tumor (n = 71) or stromal cells (n = 55) was not associated with a superior survival outcome with celecoxib vs. placebo (HR =0.96, 95% CI 0.60–1.54; and HR =1.51; 95% CI 0.86–2.66), and no significant interaction effect between COX-2 score in tumor or stromal cells and celecoxib effect on survival was detected (p = .48 and .25, respectively).

    Conclusions: In this subgroup analysis of patients with advanced NSCLC treated within the context of a randomized trial, we could not detect any interaction effect of COX-2 expression in tumor or stromal cells and the outcome of celecoxib treatment in addition to standard chemotherapy.

  • 35.
    Hall, Håkan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Plattformen för preklinisk PET.
    Velikyan, Irina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för biomedicinsk strålningsvetenskap.
    Blom, Elisabeth
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för biokemi och organisk kemi.
    Ulin, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för biokemi och organisk kemi.
    Monazzam, Azita
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för biomedicinsk strålningsvetenskap.
    Påhlman, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Kolorektalkirurgi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Wanders, Alkwin
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    McBride, William
    Goldenberg, David M
    Långström, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för biokemi och organisk kemi.
    In vitro autoradiography of carcinoembryonic antigen in tissue from patients with colorectal cancer using multifunctional antibody TF2 and 67/68Ga-labeled haptens by pretargeting2012Inngår i: American journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, ISSN 2160-8407, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 141-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was visualized in vitro in tissue from patients with colorectal cancer with trivalent bispecific antibody TF2 and two hapten molecules, [67/68Ga]Ga-IMP461 and [67/68Ga]Ga-IMP485 by means of pretargeting. Colorectal cancer tissue samples obtained from surgery at Uppsala University Hospital, were frozen fresh and cryosectioned. The two hapten molecules comprising 1,4,7-triazacyclononanetriacetic acid chelate moiety (NOTA) were labeled with 67Ga or 68Ga. The autoradiography was conducted by incubating the tissue samples with the bispecific antibody TF2, followed by washing and incubation with one of the radiolabeled hapten molecules. After washing, drying and exposure to phosphor imager plates, the autoradiograms were analyzed and compared to standard histochemistry (hematoxylin-eosin). Pronounced binding was found in the tissue from colorectal cancer using the bispecific antibody TF2 and either of the haptens [67/68Ga]Ga-IMP461 and [67/68Ga]Ga-IMP485. Distinct binding was also detected in the epithelium of most samples of neighboring tissue, taken at a minimum of 10 cm from the site of the tumor. It is concluded that pretargeting CEA with the bispecific antibody TF2 followed by the addition of 67/68Ga-labeled hapten is extremely sensitive for visualizing this marker for colorectal cancer. This methodology is therefore a very specific complement to other histochemical techniques in the diagnosis of biopsies or in samples taken from surgery. Use of the pretargeting technique in vivo may also be an advance in diagnosing patients with colorectal cancer, either using 67Ga and SPECT or 68Ga and PET.

  • 36.
    Hellwig, Birte
    et al.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Madjar, Katrin
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Edlund, Karolina
    TU Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Marchan, Rosemarie
    TU Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Cadenas, Cristina
    TU Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Heimes, Anne-Sophie
    Univ Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Mainz, Germany..
    Almstedt, Katrin
    Univ Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Mainz, Germany..
    Lebrecht, Antje
    Univ Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Mainz, Germany..
    Sicking, Isabel
    Univ Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Mainz, Germany..
    Battista, Marco J.
    Univ Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Mainz, Germany..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Schmidt, Marcus
    Univ Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Mainz, Germany..
    Hengstler, Jan G.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Rahnenführer, Jörg
    TU Dortmund Univ, Dept Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Epsin Family Member 3 and Ribosome-Related Genes Are Associated with Late Metastasis in Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer and Long-Term Survival in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Using a Genome-Wide Identification and Validation Strategy2016Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, nr 12, artikkel-id e0167585Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In breast cancer, gene signatures that predict the risk of metastasis after surgical tumor resection are mainly indicative of early events. The purpose of this study was to identify genes linked to metastatic recurrence more than three years after surgery.

    Methods: Affymetrix HG U133A and Plus 2.0 array datasets with information on metastasis-free, disease-free or overall survival were accessed via public repositories. Time restricted Cox regression models were used to identify genes associated with metastasis during or after the first three years post-surgery (early-and late-type genes). A sequential validation study design, with two non-adjuvantly treated discovery cohorts (n = 409) and one validation cohort (n = 169) was applied and identified genes were further evaluated in tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients (n = 923), as well as in patients with non-small cell lung (n = 1779), colon (n = 893) and ovarian (n = 922) cancer.

    Results: Ten late-and 243 early-type genes were identified in adjuvantly untreated breast cancer. Adjustment to clinicopathological factors and an established proliferation-related signature markedly reduced the number of early-type genes to 16, whereas nine late-type genes still remained significant. These nine genes were associated with metastasis-free survival (MFS) also in a non-time restricted model, but not in the early period alone, stressing that their prognostic impact was primarily based on MFS more than three years after surgery. Four of the ten late-type genes, the ribosome-related factors EIF4B, RPL5, RPL3, and the tumor angiogenesis modifier EPN3 were significantly associated with MFS in the late period also in a meta-analysis of tamoxifen-treated breast cancer cohorts. In contrast, only one late-type gene (EPN3) showed consistent survival associations in more than one cohort in the other cancer types, being associated with worse outcome in two non-small cell lung cancer cohorts. No late-type gene was validated in ovarian and colon cancer.

    Conclusions: Ribosome-related genes were associated with decreased risk of late metastasis in both adjuvantly untreated and tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients. In contrast, high expression of epsin (EPN3) was associated with increased risk of late metastasis. This is of clinical relevance considering the well-understood role of epsins in tumor angiogenesis and the ongoing development of epsin antagonizing therapies.

  • 37.
    Horie, Masafumi
    et al.
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Resp Med, Grad Sch Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.;Univ Tokyo, Div Hlth Serv Promot, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo, Japan.;RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Kaczkowski, Bogumil
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Ohshima, Mitsuhiro
    Ohu Univ, Dept Biochem, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Koriyama, Fukushima, Japan..
    Matsuzaki, Hirotaka
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Resp Med, Grad Sch Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan..
    Noguchi, Satoshi
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Resp Med, Grad Sch Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan..
    Mikami, Yu
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Resp Med, Grad Sch Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.;Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Clin Lab, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo, Japan..
    Lizio, Marina
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Itoh, Masayoshi
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.;RIKEN Prevent Med & Diag Innovat Program, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Kawaji, Hideya
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.;RIKEN Prevent Med & Diag Innovat Program, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Lassmann, Timo
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.;Univ Western Australia, Telethon Kids Inst, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Carninci, Piero
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Hayashizaki, Yoshihide
    RIKEN Prevent Med & Diag Innovat Program, Wako, Saitama, Japan..
    Forrest, Alistair R. R.
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.;Univ Western Australia, Harry Perkins Inst Med Res, QEII Med Ctr, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Ctr Med Res, Nedlands, WA, Australia..
    Takai, Daiya
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Clin Lab, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo, Japan..
    Yamaguchi, Yoko
    Nihon Univ, Dept Biochem, Sch Dent, Chiyoda Ku, Tokyo, Japan.;Nihon Univ, Div Funct Morphol, Dent Res Ctr, Sch Dent,Chiyoda Ku, Tokyo, Japan..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Saito, Akira
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Resp Med, Grad Sch Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.;Univ Tokyo, Div Hlth Serv Promot, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo, Japan..
    Nagase, Takahide
    Univ Tokyo, Dept Resp Med, Grad Sch Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan..
    Integrative CAGE and DNA Methylation Profiling Identify Epigenetically Regulated Genes in NSCLC2017Inngår i: Molecular Cancer Research, ISSN 1541-7786, E-ISSN 1557-3125, Vol. 15, nr 10, s. 1354-1365Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The majority of cancer driver mutations have been identified; however, relevant epigenetic regulation involved in tumorigenesis has only been fragmentarily analyzed. Epigenetically regulated genes have a great theranostic potential, especially in tumors with no apparent driver mutations. Here, epigenetically regulated genes were identified in lung cancer by an integrative analysis of promoter-level expression profiles from Cap Analysis of Gene Expression (CAGE) of 16 nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and 16 normal lung primary cell specimens with DNA methylation data of 69 NSCLC cell lines and 6 normal lung epithelial cells. A core set of 49 coding genes and 10 long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA), which are upregulated in NSCLC cell lines due to promoter hypomethylation, was uncovered. Twenty-two epigenetically regulated genes were validated (upregulated genes with hypomethylated promoters) in the adenocarcinoma and squamous cell cancer subtypes of lung cancer using The Cancer Genome Atlas data. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that multiple copies of the REP522 DNA repeat family are prominently upregulated due to hypomethylation in NSCLC cell lines, which leads to cancer-specific expression of lncRNAs, such as RP1-90G24.10, AL022344.4, and PCAT7. Finally, Myeloma Overexpressed (MYEOV) was identified as the most promising candidate. Functional studies demonstrated that MYEOV promotes cell proliferation, survival, and invasion. Moreover, high MYEOV expression levels were associated with poor prognosis. (C) 2017 AACR.

  • 38.
    Horie, Masafumi
    et al.
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan;Univ Tokyo, Div Hlth Serv Promot, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo, Japan;RIKEN, Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.
    Miyashita, Naoya
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Mikami, Yu
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.
    Sandelin, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.
    Brunnstrom, Hans
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Lab Med Reg Skane, Pathol, Lund, Sweden.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Nagase, Takahide
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.
    Saito, Akira
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan;Univ Tokyo, Div Hlth Serv Promot, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo, Japan.
    An integrative transcriptome analysis reveals a functional role for thyroid transcription factor-1 in small cell lung cancer2018Inngår i: Journal of Pathology, ISSN 0022-3417, E-ISSN 1096-9896, Vol. 246, nr 2, s. 154-165Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a neuroendocrine tumour that exhibits rapid growth and metastatic spread. Although SCLC represents a prototypically undifferentiated cancer type, thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1, gene symbol NKX2-1), a master regulator for pulmonary epithelial cell differentiation and lung morphogenesis, is strongly upregulated in this aggressive cancer type. The aim of this study was to evaluate a functional role for TTF-1 in SCLC. We demonstrated that achaete-scute complex homolog 1 (ASCL1), an essential transcription factor for neuroendocrine differentiation, positively regulated TTF-1 in SCLC cell lines. Subsequently, we described genes and microRNAs (miRNAs) that were possibly controlled by TTF-1 and identified nuclear factor IB (NFIB), a recently characterised driver of SCLC progression, as a transcriptional target of TTF-1. Our findings shine light on a regulatory axis in SCLC consisting of ASCL1/TTF-1/NFIB that potentially contributes to the tumourigenesis of SCLC.

  • 39.
    Horie, Masafumi
    et al.
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.;Univ Tokyo, Div Hlth Serv Promot, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.;RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan..
    Yamaguchi, Yoko
    Nihon Univ, Sch Dent, Dept Biochem, Chiyoda Ku, 1-8-13 Kanda Surugadai, Tokyo 1018310, Japan.;Nihon Univ, Sch Dent, Dent Res Ctr, Div Funct Morphol,Chiyoda Ku, 1-8-13 Kanda Surugadai, Tokyo 1018310, Japan..
    Saito, Akira
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan.;Univ Tokyo, Div Hlth Serv Promot, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan..
    Nagase, Takahide
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Resp Med, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan..
    Lizio, Marina
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Yokohama Inst, Omics Sci Ctr, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan..
    Itoh, Masayoshi
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Yokohama Inst, Omics Sci Ctr, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Prevent Med & Diag Innovat Program, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 3510198, Japan..
    Kawaji, Hideya
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Yokohama Inst, Omics Sci Ctr, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Prevent Med & Diag Innovat Program, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 3510198, Japan..
    Lassmann, Timo
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Yokohama Inst, Omics Sci Ctr, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan..
    Carninci, Piero
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Yokohama Inst, Omics Sci Ctr, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan..
    Forrest, Alistair R. R.
    RIKEN Ctr Life Sci Technol, DGT, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Yokohama Inst, Omics Sci Ctr, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;Univ Western Australia, Harry Perkins Inst Med Res, QEII Med Ctr, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Med Res Ctr, Nedlands, WA, Australia..
    Hayashizaki, Yoshihide
    RIKEN Yokohama Inst, Omics Sci Ctr, Tsurumi Ku, 1-7-22 Suehiro Cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2300045, Japan.;RIKEN Prevent Med & Diag Innovat Program, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 3510198, Japan..
    Suzutani, Tatsuo
    Fukushima Med Univ, Sch Med, Dept Microbiol, 1 Hikariga Oka, Fukushima, Fukushima 9601295, Japan..
    Kappert, Kai
    Charite, Inst Lab Med Clin Chem & Pathobiochem, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Berlin, Germany..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Ohshima, Mitsuhiro
    Ohu Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Biochem, Misumido 31-1, Koriyama, Fukushima 9638611, Japan..
    Transcriptome analysis of periodontitis-associated fibroblasts by CAGE sequencing identified DLX5 and RUNX2 long variant as novel regulators involved in periodontitis2016Inngår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, artikkel-id 33666Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Periodontitis is affecting over half of the adult population, and represents a major public health problem. Previously, we isolated a subset of gingival fibroblasts (GFs) from periodontitis patients, designated as periodontitis-associated fibroblasts (PAFs), which were highly capable of collagen degradation. To elucidate their molecular profiles, GFs isolated form healthy and periodontitis-affected gingival tissues were analyzed by CAGE-seq and integrated with the FANTOM5 atlas. GFs from healthy gingival tissues displayed distinctive patterns of CAGE profiles as compared to fibroblasts from other organ sites and characterized by specific expression of developmentally important transcription factors such as BARX1, PAX9, LHX8, and DLX5. In addition, a novel long non-coding RNA associated with LHX8 was described. Furthermore, we identified DLX5 regulating expression of the long variant of RUNX2 transcript, which was specifically active in GFs but not in their periodontitis-affected counterparts. Knockdown of these factors in GFs resulted in altered expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. These results indicate activation of DLX5 and RUNX2 via its distal promoter represents a unique feature of GFs, and is important for ECM regulation. Down-regulation of these transcription factors in PAFs could be associated with their property to degrade collagen, which may impact on the process of periodontitis.

  • 40.
    Isaksson, Johan
    et al.
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Gavle, Sweden.
    Willen, Linda
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Oncol, Gavle, Sweden.
    La Fleur, Linnea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Mindus, Stephanie
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
    Sundström, Magnus
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Branden, Eva
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Gavle, Sweden.
    Koyi, Hirsh
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Gavle, Sweden.
    Sandelin, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
    Lamberg, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Moens, Lotte
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Lundberg, Gabriel
    Falun Cty Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Falun, Sweden.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Establishing Reflex NGS Testing in NSCLC in a Regional Network of County Hospitals in Central Sweden2017Inngår i: Journal of Thoracic Oncology, ISSN 1556-0864, E-ISSN 1556-1380, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. S499-S500Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Jabs, Verena
    et al.
    TU Dortmund Univ, Fac Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Edlund, Karolina
    Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Koenig, Helena
    TU Dortmund Univ, Fac Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Grinberg, Marianna
    TU Dortmund Univ, Fac Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Madjar, Katrin
    TU Dortmund Univ, Fac Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Rahnenfuehrer, Joerg
    TU Dortmund Univ, Fac Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Ekman, Simon
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bergkvist, Michael
    Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Oncol, Gavle, Sweden..
    Holmberg, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Endokrinkirurgi. Reg Canc Ctr Uppsala Orebro, Uppsala, Sweden.;Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, Div Canc Studies, London, England..
    Ickstadt, Katja
    TU Dortmund Univ, Fac Stat, Dortmund, Germany..
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Hengstler, Jan G.
    Dortmund Univ, Leibniz Res Ctr Working Environm & Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Integrative analysis of genome-wide gene copy number changes and gene expression in non-small cell lung cancer2017Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, nr 11, artikkel-id e0187246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents a genomically unstable cancer type with extensive copy number aberrations. The relationship of gene copy number alterations and subsequent mRNA levels has only fragmentarily been described. The aim of this study was to conduct a genome-wide analysis of gene copy number gains and corresponding gene expression levels in a clinically well annotated NSCLC patient cohort (n = 190) and their association with survival. While more than half of all analyzed gene copy number-gene expression pairs showed statistically significant correlations (10,296 of 18,756 genes), high correlations, with a correlation coefficient >0.7, were obtained only in a subset of 301 genes (1.6%), including KRAS, EGFR and MDM2. Higher correlation coefficients were associated with higher copy number and expression levels. Strong correlations were frequently based on few tumors with high copy number gains and correspondingly increased mRNA expression. Among the highly correlating genes, GO groups associated with posttranslational protein modifications were particularly frequent, including ubiquitination and neddylation. In a meta-analysis including 1,779 patients we found that survival associated genes were overrepresented among highly correlating genes (61 of the 301 highly correlating genes, FDR adjusted p<0.05). Among them are the chaperone CCT2, the core complex protein NUP107 and the ubiquitination and neddylation associated protein CAND1. In conclusion, in a comprehensive analysis we described a distinct set of highly correlating genes. These genes were found to be overrepresented among survival-associated genes based on gene expression in a large collection of publicly available datasets.

  • 42.
    Jerhammar, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bersani, Cinzia
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Wiman, Klas G.
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    The role of the p53 target Wig-1 in senescence and cancer2015Inngår i: Cancer Research, ISSN 0008-5472, E-ISSN 1538-7445, Vol. 75, nr 15, s. 110-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43. Kappert, Kai
    et al.
    Paulsson, Janna
    Sparwel, Jan
    Leppänen, Olli
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Kärlkirurgi.
    Hellberg, Carina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Ludwiginstitutet för cancerforskning.
    Östman, Arne
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för genetik och patologi.
    Dynamic changes in the expression of DEP-1 and other PDGF receptor-antagonizing PTPs during onset and termination of neointima formation2007Inngår i: The FASEB Journal, ISSN 0892-6638, E-ISSN 1530-6860, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 523-534Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Growth factor-dependent tissue remodeling, such as restenosis, is believed to be predominantly regulated by changes in expression of receptor-tyrosine-kinases (RTKs) and their ligands. As endogenous antagonists of RTKs, protein-tyrosine-phosphatases (PTPs) are additional candidate regulators of these processes. Using laser-capture-microdissection and quantitative RT-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), we investigated the layer-specific expression of the four platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) isoforms, the PDGF-alpha and beta receptors, and five PTPs implied in control of PDGF-receptor signaling 8 and 14 days after balloon injury of the rat carotid. Results were correlated with analyses of PDGF-beta receptor phosphorylation and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation in vivo. The expression levels of all components, as well as receptor activation and VSMC proliferation, showed specific changes, which varied between media and neointima. Interestingly, PTP expression--particularly, DEP-1 levels--appeared to be the dominating factor determining receptor-phosphorylation and VSMC proliferation. In support of these findings, cultured DEP-1(-/-) cells displayed increased PDGF-dependent cell signaling. Hyperactivation of PDGF-induced signaling was also observed after siRNA-down-regulation of DEP-1 in VSMCs. The results indicate a previously unrecognized role of PDGF-receptor-targeting PTPs in controlling neointima formation. In more general terms, the observations indicate transcriptional regulation of PTPs as an important mechanism for controlling onset and termination of RTK-dependent tissue remodeling.

  • 44.
    Karlsson, Anna
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden..
    Brunnström, Hans
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden.;Reg Labs Reg Skane, Dept Pathol, Lund, Sweden..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Veerla, Srinivas
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden..
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    La Fleur, Linnea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Jönsson, Mats
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden..
    Reuterswärd, Christel
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden..
    Planck, Maria
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Resp Med & Allergol, Lund, Sweden..
    Staaf, Johan
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden..
    Gene Expression Profiling of Large Cell Lung Cancer Links Transcriptional Phenotypes to the New Histological WHO 2015 Classification2017Inngår i: Journal of Thoracic Oncology, ISSN 1556-0864, E-ISSN 1556-1380, Vol. 12, nr 8, s. 1257-1267Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Large cell lung cancer (LCLC) and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) constitute a small proportion of NSCLC. The WHO 2015 classification guidelines changed the definition of the debated histological subtype LCLC to be based on immunomarkers for adenocarcinoma and squamous cancer. We sought to determine whether these new guidelines also translate into the transcriptional landscape of lung cancer, and LCLC specifically.

    Methods: Gene expression profiling was performed by using Illumina V4 HT12 microarrays (Illumina, San Diego, CA) on samples from 159 cases (comprising all histological subtypes, including 10 classified as LCLC WHO 2015 and 14 classified as LCNEC according to the WHO 2015 guidelines), with complimentary mutational and immunohistochemical data. Derived transcriptional phenotypes were validated in 199 independent tumors, including six WHO 2015 LCLCs and five LCNECs.

    Results: Unsupervised analysis of gene expression data identified a phenotype comprising 90% of WHO 2015 LCLC tumors, with characteristics of poorly differentiated proliferatiVe cancer, a 90% tumor protein p53 gene (TP53) mutation rate, and lack of well-known NSCLC oncogene driver alterations. Validation in independent data confirmed aggregation of WHO 2015 LCLCs in the specific phenotype. For LCNEC tumors, the unsupervised gene expression analysis suggested two different transcriptional patterns corresponding to a proposed genetic division of LCNEC tumors into SCLC-like and NSCLC-like cancer on the basis of TP53 and retinoblastoma 1 gene (RB1) alteration patterns.

    Conclusions: Refined classification of LCLC has implications for diagnosis, prognostics, and therapy decisions. Our molecular analyses support the WHO 2015 classification of LCLC and LCNEC tumors, which herein follow different tumorigenic paths and can accordingly be stratified into different transcriptional subgroups, thus linking diagnostic immunohistochemical staining driven classification with the transcriptional landscape of lung cancer.

  • 45.
    Karlsson, Anna
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden.
    Cirenajwis, Helena
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden.
    Ericson-Lindquist, Kajsa
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden;Reg Labs Reg Skane, Dept Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden.
    Brunnström, Hans
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden;Reg Labs Reg Skane, Dept Pathol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden.
    Reuterswärd, Christel
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Mats
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden.
    Ortiz-Villalon, Cristian
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Pathol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hussein, Aziz
    Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Pathol & Cytol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergman, Bengt
    Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Vikström, Anders
    Univ Hosp Linkoping, Dept Pulm Med, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Monsef, Nastaran
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Pathol, Linkoping, Sweden;Linkoping Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Brandén, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna & CMM, Resp Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Univ Hosp Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Koyi, Hirsh
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna & CMM, Resp Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Univ Hosp Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    de Petris, Luigi
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Thorac Oncol Unit, Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, Dept Oncol Pathol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Patthey, Annika
    Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Pathol, SE-90185 Umea, Sweden.
    Behndig, Annelie F.
    Umea Univ, Div Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, SE-90185 Umea, Sweden.
    Johansson, Mikael
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, SE-90185 Umea, Sweden.
    Planck, Maria
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden;Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Resp Med & Allergol, SE-22185 Lund, Sweden.
    Staaf, Johan
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Lund, Div Oncol & Pathol, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden.
    A combined gene expression tool for parallel histological prediction and gene fusion detection in non-small cell lung cancer2019Inngår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 5207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Accurate histological classification and identification of fusion genes represent two cornerstones of clinical diagnostics in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we present a NanoString gene expression platform and a novel platform-independent, single sample predictor (SSP) of NSCLC histology for combined, simultaneous, histological classification and fusion gene detection in minimal formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue. The SSP was developed in 68 NSCLC tumors of adenocarcinoma (AC), squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) histology, based on NanoString expression of 11 (CHGA, SYP, CD56, SFTPG, NAPSA, TTF-1, TP73L, KRT6A, KRT5, KRT40, KRT16) relevant genes for IHC-based NSCLC histology classification. The SSP was combined with a gene fusion detection module (analyzing ALK, RET, ROS1, MET, NRG1, and NTRK1) into a multicomponent NanoString assay. The histological SSP was validated in six cohorts varying in size (n = 11-199), tissue origin (early or advanced disease), histological composition (including undifferentiated cancer), and gene expression platform. Fusion gene detection revealed five EML4-ALK fusions, four KIF5B-RET fusions, two CD74-NRG1 fusion and three MET exon 14 skipping events among 131 tested cases. The histological SSP was successfully trained and tested in the development cohort (mean AUC = 0.96 in iterated test sets). The SSP proved successful in predicting histology of NSCLC tumors of well-defined subgroups and difficult undifferentiated morphology irrespective of gene expression data platform. Discrepancies between gene expression prediction and histologic diagnosis included cases with mixed histologies, true large cell carcinomas, or poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas with mucin expression. In summary, we present a proof-of-concept multicomponent assay for parallel histological classification and multiplexed fusion gene detection in archival tissue, including a novel platform-independent histological SSP classifier. The assay and SSP could serve as a promising complement in the routine evaluation of diagnostic lung cancer biopsies.

  • 46. Karlsson, Anna
    et al.
    Ringner, Markus
    Lauss, Martin
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Planck, Maria
    Staaf, Johan
    Genomic and Transcriptional Alterations in Lung Adenocarcinoma in Relation to Smoking History2014Inngår i: Clinical Cancer Research, ISSN 1078-0432, E-ISSN 1557-3265, Vol. 20, nr 18, s. 4912-4924Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Cigarette smoking is the major pathogenic factor for lung cancer. The precise mechanisms of tobacco-related carcinogenesis and its effect on the genomic and transcriptional landscape in lung cancer are not fully understood. Experimental Design: A total of 1,398 (277 never-smokers and 1,121 smokers) genomic and 1,449 (370 never-smokers and 1,079 smokers) transcriptional profiles were assembled from public lung adenocarcinoma cohorts, including matched next-generation DNA-sequencing data (n = 423). Unsupervised and supervised methods were used to identify smoking-related copy-number alterations (CNAs), predictors of smoking status, and molecular subgroups. Results: Genomic meta-analyses showed that never-smokers and smokers harbored a similar frequency of total CNAs, although specific regions (5q, 8q, 16p, 19p, and 22q) displayed a 20% to 30% frequency difference between the two groups. Importantly, supervised classification analyses based on CNAs or gene expression could not accurately predict smoking status (balanced accuracies similar to 60% to 80%). However, unsupervised multicohort transcriptional profiling stratified adenocarcinomas into distinct molecular subgroups with specific patterns of CNAs, oncogenic mutations, and mutation transversion frequencies that were independent of the smoking status. One subgroup included approximately 55% to 90% of never-smokers and approximately 20% to 40% of smokers (both current and former) with molecular and clinical features of a less aggressive and smoking-unrelated disease. Given the considerable intragroup heterogeneity in smoking-defined subgroups, especially among former smokers, our results emphasize the clinical importance of accurate molecular characterization of lung adenocarcinoma. Conclusions: The landscape of smoking-related CNAs and transcriptional alterations in adenocarcinomas is complex, heterogeneous, and with moderate differences. Our results support a molecularly distinct less aggressive adenocarcinoma entity, arising in never-smokers and a subset of smokers.

  • 47.
    Karlsson, Terese
    et al.
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    Kvarnbrink, Samuel
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    Holmlund, Camilla
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Henriksson, Roger
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    Johansson, Mikael
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    Hedman, Hakan
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    LMO7 and LIMCH1 interact with LRIG proteins in lung cancer, with prognostic implications for early-stage disease2018Inngår i: Lung Cancer, ISSN 0169-5002, E-ISSN 1872-8332, Vol. 125, s. 174-184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The human leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) protein family comprises the integral membrane proteins LRIG1, LRIG2 and LRIG3. LRIG1 is frequently down-regulated in human cancer, and high levels of LRIG1 in tumor tissue are associated with favorable clinical outcomes in several tumor types including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Mechanistically, LRIG1 negatively regulates receptor tyrosine kinases and functions as a tumor suppressor. However, the details of the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood, and even less is known about the functions of LRIG2 and LRIG3. The aim of this study was to further elucidate the functions and molecular interactions of the LRIG proteins.

    Materials and methods: A yeast two-hybrid screen was performed using a cytosolic LRIG3 peptide as bait. In transfected human cells, co-immunoprecipitation and co-localization experiments were performed. Proximity ligation assay was performed to investigate interactions between endogenously expressed proteins. Expression levels of LMO7 and LIMCH1 in normal and malignant lung tissue were investigated using qRT-PCR and through in silico analyses of public data sets. Finally, a clinical cohort comprising 355 surgically treated NSCLC cases was immunostained for LMO7.

    Results: In the yeast two-hybrid screen, the two paralogous proteins LMO7 and LIMCH1 were identified as interaction partners to LRIG3. LMO7 and LIMCH1 co-localized and co-immunoprecipitated with both LRIG1 and LRIG3. Endogenously expressed LMO7 was in close proximity of both LRIG1 and LRIG3. LMO7 and LIMCH1 were highly expressed in normal lung tissue and down-regulated in malignant lung tissue. LMO7 immunoreactivity was shown to be a negative prognostic factor in LRIG1 positive tumors, predicting poor patient survival.

    Conclusion: These findings suggest that LMO7 and LIMCH1 physically interact with LRIG proteins and that expression of LMO7 is of clinical importance in NSCLC.

  • 48. Karlsson, Terese
    et al.
    Kvarnbrink, Samuel
    Holmlund, Camilla
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Johansson, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Molekylär och morfologisk patologi.
    Henriksson, Roger
    Hedman, Hakan
    Interactions between LRIG proteins and LMO7 and the expression of LMO7 in human lung cancer.2013Inngår i: Cancer Research, ISSN 0008-5472, E-ISSN 1538-7445, Vol. 73, nr 8, s. S1-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 49.
    Kvarnbrink, Samuel
    et al.
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Karlsson, Terese
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Edlund, Karolina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Lindquist, David
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Jirstrom, Karin
    Lund Univ, Div Pathol, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi.
    Henriksson, Roger
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Johansson, Mikael
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Hedman, Hakan
    Umea Univ, Dept Radiat Sci, Oncol, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    LRIG1 is a prognostic biomarker in non-small cell lung cancer2015Inngår i: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 54, nr 8, s. 1113-1119Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) family of transmembrane proteins are involved in the regulation of cellular signal transduction. LRIG1 is an endogenous inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and an emerging tumor suppressor. In the lung epithelium, the expression of LRIG1 is downregulated by tobacco smoking, and further downregulated in lung squamous cell carcinoma. Material and methods. The expression of LRIG proteins were analyzed in 347 cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by immunohistochemistry, and LRIG1 mRNA expression was evaluated in 807 lung cancer samples in silico in the Oncomine database. Potential associations between the expression data and the clinical parameters, including patient survival, were investigated. Results. Expression of the LRIG1 protein was found to be an independent prognostic factor in NSCLC, whereas expression of LRIG2 or LRIG3 did not correlate with patient survival. The levels of LRIG1 mRNA also correlated with the survival of NSCLC patients. Conclusion. These findings demonstrate that LRIG1 is an independent prognostic factor in patients with NSCLC that could be important in future decision-making algorithms for adjuvant lung cancer treatment.

  • 50.
    La Fleur, Linnea
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Boura, Vanessa F.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Alexeyenko, Andrey
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol, Stockholm, Sweden;Natl Bioinformat Infrastruct Sweden, Sci Life Lab, Solna, Sweden.
    Berglund, Anders
    Epistat, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ponten, Victor
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Mattsson, Johanna Sofia Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Djureinovic, Dijana
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Persson, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Brunnström, Hans
    Lund Univ, Skane Univ Hosp, Div Pathol, Lund, Sweden.
    Isaksson, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg.
    Brandén, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Gavle, Sweden.
    Koyi, Hirsh
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Gavle Cent Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Gavle, Sweden.
    Micke, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Karlsson, Mikael C. I.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Klinisk och experimentell patologi.
    Expression of scavenger receptor MARCO defines a targetable tumor-associated macrophage subset in non-small cell lung cancer2018Inngår i: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 143, nr 7, s. 1741-1752Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are attractive targets for immunotherapy. Recently, studies in animal models showed that treatment with an anti-TAM antibody directed against the scavenger receptor MARCO resulted in suppression of tumor growth and metastatic dissemination. Here we investigated the expression of MARCO in relation to other macrophage markers and immune pathways in a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cohort (n=352). MARCO, CD68, CD163, MSR1 and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, and associations to other immune cells and regulatory pathways were studied in a subset of cases (n=199) with available RNA-seq data. We observed a large variation in macrophage density between cases and a strong correlation between CD68 and CD163, suggesting that the majority of TAMs present in NSCLC exhibit a protumor phenotype. Correlation to clinical data only showed a weak trend toward worse survival for patients with high macrophage infiltration. Interestingly, MARCO was expressed on a distinct subpopulation of TAMs, which tended to aggregate in close proximity to tumor cell nests. On the transcriptomic level, we found a positive association between MARCO gene expression and general immune response pathways including strong links to immunosuppressive TAMs, T-cell infiltration and immune checkpoint molecules. Indeed, a higher macrophage infiltration was seen in tumors expressing PD-L1, and macrophages residing within tumor cell nests co-expressed MARCO and PD-L1. Thus, MARCO is a potential new immune target for anti-TAM treatment in a subset of NSCLC patients, possibly in combination with available immune checkpoint inhibitors.

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