uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
123 1 - 50 of 113
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1. Afargan, M
    et al.
    Tiensuu Janson, E
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Onkologisk endokrinologi.
    Gelerman, G
    Rosenfeld, R
    Ziv, O
    Karpov, O
    Wolf, A
    Bracha, M
    Shohat, D
    Liapakis, G
    Gilon, C
    Hoffman, A
    Stephensky, D
    Oberg, K
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Onkologisk endokrinologi.
    Novel long-acting somatostatin analog with endocrine selectivity: potentsuppression of growth hormone but not of insulin.2001In: Endocrinology, Vol. 142, p. 477-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Ali, Abir A.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Grönberg, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Hjortland, G. O.
    Univ Oslo, Dept Oncol, Oslo, Norway.
    Grønbæk, H.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Hepatol & Gastroenterol, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Ladekarl, M.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Langer, S. W.
    Rigshosp, Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Welin, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Vestermark, L. W.
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Odense, Denmark.
    Österlund, P.
    Tampere Helsinki Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Tampere, Finland.;Tampere Helsinki Univ, Tampere, Finland.
    Knigge, U.
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Surg C, Copenhagen, Denmark; Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Endocrinol PE, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Sørbye, H.
    Univ Bergen, Haukeland Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Bergen, Norway; Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Bergen, Norway.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Intravenous versus Oral Etoposide: Efficacy and Correlation to Clinical Outcome in Patients with High-Grade Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (WHO G3)2018In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 106, no Supplement: 1, p. 184-184Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Ali, Abir Salwa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Grönberg, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Federspiel, Birgitte
    Rigshosp, Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Scoazec, Jean-Yves
    Inst Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.
    Hjortland, Geir Olav
    Univ Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Gronbaek, Henning
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Ladekarl, Morten
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Langer, Seppo W.
    Rigshosp, Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Welin, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Vestermark, Lene Weber
    Odense Univ Hosp, Odense, Denmark.
    Arola, Johanna
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Helsinki Univ Hosp, Helsinki, Finland.
    Osterlund, Pia
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Helsinki Univ Hosp, Helsinki, Finland; Tampere Univ Hosp, Tampere, Finland.
    Knigge, Ulrich
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Sorbye, Halfdan
    Haukeland Hosp, Bergen, Norway; Univ Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Grimelius, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology. Uppsala Univ, Sect Endocrine Oncol, Dept Med Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Expression of p53 protein in high-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 11, article id e0187667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-NECs) are aggressive, rapidly proliferating tumors. Therapeutic response to current chemotherapy regimens is usually short lasting. The aim of this study was to examine the expression and potential clinical importance of immunoreactive p53 protein in GEP-NEC. Materials and methods Tumor tissues from 124 GEP-NEC patients with locally advanced or metastatic disease treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were collected from Nordic centers and clinical data were obtained from the Nordic NEC register. Tumor proliferation rate and differentiation were re-evaluated. All specimens were immunostained for p53 protein using a commercially available monoclonal antibody. Kaplan-Meier curves and cox regression analyses were used to assess progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results All tumor tissues were immunoreactive for either one or both neuroendocrine biomarkers (chromogranin A and synaptophysin) and Ki67 index was >20% in all cases. p53 immunoreactivity was only shown in 39% of the cases and was not found to be a prognostic marker for the whole cohort. However, p53 immunoreactivity was correlated with shorter PFS in patients with colorectal tumors (HR = 2.1, p = 0.03) in a univariate analysis as well as to poorer PFS (HR = 2.6, p = 0.03) and OS (HR = 3.4, p = 0.02) in patients with colorectal tumors with distant metastases, a correlation which remained significant in the multivariate analyses. Conclusion In this cohort of GEP-NEC patients, p53 expression could not be correlated with clinical outcome. However, in patients with colorectal NECs, p53 expression was correlated with shorter PFS and OS. Further studies are needed to establish the role of immunoreactive p53 as a prognostic marker for GEP-NEC patients.

  • 4.
    Ali, Abir Salwa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Grönberg, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Langer, Seppo W.
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Surg C, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Endocrinol PE, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Rigshosp, Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Ladekarl, Morten
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Hjortland, Geir Olav
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Oslo, Norway..
    Vestermark, Lene Weber
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Odense, Denmark..
    Österlund, Pia
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Tampere, Finland.;Tampere Univ, Tampere, Finland.;Helsinki Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Welin, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Gronbaek, Henning
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Hepatol, Aarhus, Denmark.;Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Gastroenterol, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Knigge, Ulrich
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Surg C, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Endocrinol PE, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Rigshosp, Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Sorbye, Halfdan
    Haukeland Hosp, Dept Oncol, Bergen, Norway..
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Intravenous versus oral etoposide: efficacy and correlation to clinical outcome in patients with high-grade metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (WHO G3)2018In: Medical Oncology, ISSN 1357-0560, E-ISSN 1559-131X, Vol. 35, no 4, article id 47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs, G3) are aggressive cancers of the digestive system with poor prognosis and survival. Platinum-based chemotherapy (cisplatin/carboplatin + etoposide) is considered the first-line palliative treatment. Etoposide is frequently administered intravenously; however, oral etoposide may be used as an alternative. Concerns for oral etoposide include decreased bioavailability, inter-and intra-patient variability and patient compliance. We aimed to evaluate possible differences in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients treated with oral etoposide compared to etoposide given as infusion. Patients (n = 236) from the Nordic NEC study were divided into three groups receiving etoposide as a long infusion (24 h, n = 170), short infusion (= 5 h, n = 33) or oral etoposide (n = 33) according to hospital tradition. PFS and OS were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier (log-rank), cox proportional hazard ratios and confidence intervals. No statistical differences were observed in PFS or OS when comparing patients receiving long infusion (median PFS 3.8 months, median OS 14.5 months), short infusion (PFS 5.6 months, OS 11.0 months) or oral etoposide (PFS 5.4 months, OS 11.3 months). We observed equal efficacy for the three administration routes suggesting oral etoposide may be safe and efficient in treating high-grade GEP-NEN, G3 patients scheduled for cisplatin/carboplatin + etoposide therapy.

  • 5.
    Alit, Abir
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine oncology.
    Grönberg, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Federspiel, B.
    Dept Pathol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Hjortland, G. O.
    Dept Oncol, Oslo, Norway..
    Ladekarl, M.
    Dept Oncol, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Langer, S. W.
    Dept Oncol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Welin, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine oncology.
    Knigge, U.
    Dept Surg C, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Dept Endocrinol PE, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Sorbye, H.
    Dept Oncol, Bergen, Norway..
    Grimelius, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine oncology.
    Expression of Mutated p53 Protein in Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (WHO G3)2016In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 103, p. 43-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Baudin, Eric
    et al.
    Inst Gustave Roussy, Oncol Endocrinienne & Med Nucl, Villejuif, France.
    Hayes, Aimee R.
    Royal Free Hosp, Neuroendocrine Tumour Unit, London, England.
    Scoazec, Jean-Yves
    Univ Lyon, Dept Pathol, Lyon, France.
    Filosso, Pier Luigi
    Univ Torino, Dept Thorac Surg, Turin, Italy.
    Lim, Eric
    Royal Brompton Hosp, Dept Thorac Surg, London, England.
    Kaltsas, Gregory
    Natl Univ Athens, Div Endocrinol, Dept Pathophysiol, Athens, Greece.
    Frilling, Andrea
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Surg & Canc, London, England.
    Chen, Jie
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Affiliated Hosp 1, Dept Gastroenterol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Kos-Kudła, Beata
    Slaska Akad Med, Klin Endokrynol, Zabrze, Poland.
    Gorbunova, Vera
    Russian Acad Med Sci, FSBI NN Blokhin Russian Canc Res Ctr, Moscow, Russia.
    Wiedenmann, Bertram
    Charite Univ Med Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte, Dept Gastroenterol & Hepatol, Berlin, Germany; Charite Univ Med Berlin, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Berlin, Germany.
    Nieveen van Dijkum, Els
    Acad Med Ctr, Dept Surg, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Ćwikła, Jaroslaw B
    Univ Warmia & Mazury, Fac Med Sci, Dept Radiol, Olsztyn, Poland.
    Falkerby, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Valle, Juan W.
    Univ Manchester, Inst Canc Sci, Christie NHS Fdn Trust, Dept Med Oncol, Manchester, Lancs, England.
    Kulke, Matthew H
    Harvard Med Sch, Dana Farber Canc Inst, Dept Med Oncol, Boston, MA USA.
    Caplin, Martyn E
    Royal Free Hosp, Neuroendocrine Tumour Unit, London, England.
    Sundin, Anders (Contributor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva (Contributor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Welin, Staffan (Contributor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Unmet Medical Needs in Pulmonary Neuroendocrine (Carcinoid) Neoplasms2019In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 108, no 1, p. 7-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pulmonary carcinoids (PCs) display the common features of all well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) and are classified as low- and intermediate-grade malignant tumours (i.e., typical and atypical carcinoid, respectively). There is a paucity of randomised studies dedicated to advanced PCs and management principles are drawn from the larger gastroenteropancreatic NEN experience. There is growing evidence that NEN anatomic subgroups have different biology and different responses to treatment and, therefore, should be investigated as separate entities in clinical trials. In this review, we discuss the existing evidence and limitations of tumour classification, diagnostics and staging, prognostication, and treatment in the setting of PC, with focus on unmet medical needs and directions for the future.

  • 7.
    Capdevila, Jaume
    et al.
    Vall Hebron Univ Hosp, VHIO, Barcelona, Spain.
    Bodei, Lisa
    Mem Sloan Kettering Canc Ctr, New York, NY USA.
    Davies, Philippa
    Royal Free Hosp, Neuroendocrine Tumour Unit, London, England.
    Gorbounova, Vera
    Inst Russian Acad Med Sci, Dept Oncol, Moscow, Russia.
    Jensen, Robert T.
    NIH, Bethesda, MD USA.
    Knigge, Ulrich P.
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Surg, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Krejs, Guenter J.
    Med Univ Graz, Graz, Austria.
    Krenning, Eric
    Erasmus MC, Cyclotron Rotterdam BV, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    O'Connor, Juan Manuel
    Alexander Fleming Inst, Caba, Argentina.
    Peeters, Marc
    Antwerp Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Rindi, Guido
    Univ Cattolica Sacro Cuore, Fdn Policlin Univ A Gemelli IRCCS Roma, Rome, Italy.
    Salazar, Ramon
    Catalan Inst Oncol, Oncobell Program, IDIBELL, Cerca,Ciberonc, Barcelona, Spain.
    Vullierme, Marie-Pierre
    Beaujon Hop Assistance Publ, Radiol Dept, Paris, France.
    Pavel, Marianne E.
    Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Univ Klinikum Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.
    Sundin, Anders (Contributor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva (Contributor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Welin, Staffan (Contributor)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Unmet Medical Needs in Metastatic Lung and Digestive Neuroendocrine Neoplasms2019In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 108, no 1, p. 18-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unmet medical needs are not infrequent in oncology, and these needs are usually of higher magnitude in rare cancers. The field of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) has evolved rapidly during the last decade, and, currently, a new WHO classification is being implemented and several treatment options are available in the metastatic setting after the results of prospective phase III clinical trials. However, several questions are still unanswered, and decisions in our daily clinical practice should be made with limited evidence. In the 2016 meeting of the advisory board of the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS), the main unmet medical needs in the metastatic NENs setting were deeply discussed, and several proposals to try to solve them are presented in this article, including biomarkers, imaging, and therapy.

  • 8.
    Cunningham, Janet L.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Díaz de Ståhl, Teresita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Sjöblom, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Westin, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Dumanski, Jan P.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Janson, Eva T.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Common pathogenetic mechanism involving human chromosome 18 in familial and sporadic ileal carcinoid tumors2011In: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer, ISSN 1045-2257, E-ISSN 1098-2264, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 82-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Serotonin producing endocrine carcinoma of small intestine (ileal carcinoid) is a clinically distinct endocrine tumor. It is generally considered as a sporadic disease and its molecular etiology is poorly understood. We report comprehensive clinical and molecular studies of 55 sporadic and familial patients diagnosed with this condition. Nine pedigrees encompassing 23 affected subjects were established, consistent with autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Familial and sporadic patients demonstrated indistinguishable clinical pictures. Molecular analyses of 61 tumors from 45 individuals, including eight familial and 37 sporadic patients, aimed at determination of global copy number aberrations using BAC and Illumina SNP arrays and gene expression profiling by Affymetrix chips. Chromosome 18 aberrations were identified in both sporadic and in familial tumors; 100% vs. 38%, respectively. Other, less frequent aberrations were also common for both groups. Global expression profiles revealed no differentially expressed genes. Frequent gain of chromosome 7 was exclusively observed in metastases, when patient matched primary tumors and metastases were compared. Notably, the latter aberration correlated with solid growth pattern morphology (P < 0.01), a histopathological feature that has previously been related to worse prognosis. The clinical and molecular similarities identified between sporadic and familial cases suggest a common pathogenetic mechanism involved in tumor initiation. The familial variant of ileal carcinoid represents a previously unrecognized autosomal dominant inherited tumor disease, which we propose to call Familial Ileal Endocrine Carcinoma (FIEC). Our findings indicate the location of a FIEC tumor suppressor gene near the telomere of 18q, involved in development of inherited and sporadic tumors.

  • 9.
    Cunningham, Janet L.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Janson, Eva T.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    The biological hallmarks of ileal carcinoids2011In: European Journal of Clinical Investigation, ISSN 0014-2972, E-ISSN 1365-2362, Vol. 41, no 12, p. 1353-1360Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Endocrine tumours derived from the small intestine, ileal carcinoids, produce and secrete the hormones tachykinins and serotonin, which induces the specific symptoms related to the tumour. Because of their low proliferation rate, they are often discovered at late stages when metastases have occurred. The biology that characterizes these tumours differs in many ways from what is generally recognized for other malignancies. In this overview, the current knowledge on the development and progression of ileal carcinoids is described.

  • 10.
    Cunningham, Janet L.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Agarwal, Smriti
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Grimelius, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Stridsberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemical endocrinology.
    Tachykinins in endocrine tumors and the carcinoid syndrome2008In: European Journal of Endocrinology, ISSN 0804-4643, E-ISSN 1479-683X, Vol. 159, no 3, p. 275-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    A new antibody, active against the common tachykinin (TK) C-terminal. was used to study TK expression in patients with endocrine tumors and a possible association between plasma-TK levels and symptoms of diarrhea and flush in patients with metastasizing ileocecal serotonin-producing carcinoid tumors (MSPCs).

    Method

    TK, serotonin and chromogranin A (CgA) immunoreactivity (IR) was studied by immunohistochemistry in tissue samples from 33 midgut carcinoids and 72 other endocrine tumors. Circulating TK (P-TK) and urinary-5 hydroxyindoleacetic acid (U-5HIAA) concentrations were measured in 42 patients with MSPCs before treatment and related to symptoms in patients with the carcinoid syndrome. Circulating CgA concentrations were also measured in 39 out of the 42 patients.

    Results

    All MSPCs displayed serotonin and strong TK expression. TK-IR was also seen in all serotonin-producing lung and appendix carcinoids. None of the other tumors examined contained TK-IR cells. Concentrations of P-TK, P-CgA, and U-5HIAA were elevated in patients experiencing daily episodes of either flush or diarrhea, when compared with patients experiencing occasional or none of these symptoms. In a Spearman partial rank test, the correlation of P-TK with daily diarrhea was independent of both U-5HIAA and CgA levels.

    Conclusion

    We found that TK synthesis occurs in serotonin-IR tumors and that P-TK levels are significantly correlated with symptoms of flush and diarrhea in patients with MSPCs. This is. to our knowledge, the first report demonstrating an independent correlation of P-TKs with carcinoid diarrhea, a symptom that is customarily regarded as serotonin mediated. Further investigations may present opportunities for new therapeutic possibilities.

  • 11.
    Cunningham, Janet L.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Tsolakis, Apostolos V.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Jacobson, Annica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Connective tissue growth factor expression in endocrine tumors is associated with high stromal expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin2010In: European Journal of Endocrinology, ISSN 0804-4643, E-ISSN 1479-683X, Vol. 163, no 4, p. 691-697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE

    Complications due to fibrosis development are common in patients with well-differentiated endocrine carcinomas in the small intestine (ileal carcinoids). Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) expression in ileal carcinoids may be related to this fibrosis development. This study aimed to examine CTGF expression in relation to local myofibroblast differentiation in a large series of ileal carcinoids and in different types of endocrine tumors.

    METHODS

     Immunoreactivity (IR) for CTGF and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), a marker for myofibroblasts, was compared in serial tumor tissue sections from 42 patients with ileal carcinoids and from 80 patients with other endocrine tumors. Western blot was performed on an additional 21 patients with ileal carcinoids.

    RESULTS

    CTGF IR was present in >50% of tumor cells in all 42 ileal carcinoids and in 2 out of 14 endocrine pancreatic tumors, 4 out of 6 rectal carcinoids, and 1 out of 5 lung carcinoids. Tumors with abundant CTGF expression also displayed α-SMA IR in stromal fibroblast-like cells, whereas other endocrine tumors displayed less or no CTGF and α-SMA IR. Protein bands corresponding to full-length CTGF (36-42 kDa) were detected in protein lysates from ileal carcinoids.

    CONCLUSION

    CTGF is uniquely prevalent in ileal carcinoids when compared with most other endocrine tumor types. Immunoreactive cells are adjacent areas with increased fibrovascular stroma that express α-SMA. This supports a potential role for CTGF in myofibroblast-mediated fibrosis associated with ileal carcinoids, and indicates that CTGF should be investigated as a target for future therapy.

  • 12.
    Cunningham, Janet Lynn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Grimelius, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Sundin, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Agarwal, Smriti
    Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Malignant ileocaecal serotonin-producing carcinoid tumours: the presence of a solid growth pattern and/or Ki67 index above 1% identifies patients with a poorer prognosis2007In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 747-756Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with malignant serotonin-producing carcinoid tumours in the jejunum, ileum and caecum generally have long survival expectancy. In some patients, however, tumour progression is more rapid and there is a need to identify them at an early stage. The purpose of this study was to determine if histopathological characteristics and/or Ki67 and apoptotic indices are of prognostic value in cases of metastatic disease. Eighty-one patients with this tumour were included in the study; all had metastases and their survival range was 1-223 months. Five growth patterns were identified and described. For 57 patients whose tumour material was available, the Ki67 and apoptotic indices were calculated for ten randomly selected tumour areas and 'hot spots'. A Cox regression analysis was used to test if histopathology and/or Ki67 index ≥1% could identify patients whose survival might be shorter than anticipated. One of the histopathological growth patterns-the solid (non-organoid) cell pattern-was correlated to shorter survival in both primary tumours and metastases, when compared with the organoid growth patterns (hazard ratio 2.9 and 2.3, p≤0.01). In 75% of primary tumours and 67% of metastases, the average Ki67 index was<0.5%. Ki67 index in 'hot spots' ranged from 0.1 to 14%. Ki67 index ≥1%, in both primary tumour and metastases, identified patients at increased risk of shorter survival (hazard ratio 5.4 and 2.5, p≤0.01). The apoptotic index was very low in all cases. We conclude that in patients with metastazising serotonin-producing carcinoids, two independent criteria, a solid growth pattern and Ki67 index ≥1%, can be used to identify patients with a poorer prognosis. This study also showed that Ki67 index <2% cannot, as previously suggested, be used to indicate a benign progression for this tumour category.

  • 13.
    Cunningham, JL
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Lopez-Egido, JR
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Tiensuu Janson, E
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, B
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Oberg, K
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Gobl, AE
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase IA-2 (ICA512) is expressed inhuman midgut carcinoids but is not detectable in normal enterochromaffincells.2000In: J Endocrinol, Vol. 164, p. 315-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Dam, G.
    et al.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Neuroendocrine Tumor Ctr Excellence, Dept Hepatol & Gastroenterol, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Grønbæk, H.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Neuroendocrine Tumor Ctr Excellence, Dept Hepatol & Gastroenterol, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Sørbye, H.
    Haukeland Hosp, Dept Oncol, Bergen, Norway.
    Thiis-Evensen, E.
    Natl Hosp Norway, Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Transplantat Med, Neuroendocrine Tumor Ctr Excellence, Oslo, Norway.
    Paulsson, B.
    Novartis Sverige AB, Täby, Sweden.
    Sundin, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Jensen, C.
    Rigshosp, Neuroendocrine Tumor Ctr Excellence, Dept Radiol, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Ebbesen, D.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Neuroendocrine Tumor Ctr Excellence, Dept Radiol, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Knigge, U.
    Rigshosp, Neuroendocrine Tumor Ctr Excellence, Dept Endocrinol, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Rigshosp, Neuroendocrine Tumor Ctr Excellence, Dept Surg Gastroenterol, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    A Prospective Nordic Study on the Use of Chromogranin A for the Prediction of Progression in Patients with Pancreatic and Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors2018In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 106, no Supplement: 1, p. 152-152Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Daskalakis, Kosmas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Edfeldt, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Norlén, Olov
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Karakatsanis, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Backlin, Carin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Rheumatology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine oncology.
    Westin, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Hellman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Stålberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Midkine Is a New Novel Serum Biomarker in Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors (SI-NETs)2016In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 103, p. 45-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Daskalakis, Kosmas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Karakatsanis, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Hessman, Ola
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Stuart, Heather C.
    Division of Surgical Oncology, University of Miami, Florida, USA.
    Welin, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Öberg, Kjell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Tumor Biology.
    Hellman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Norlén, Olov
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Stålberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Association of a Prophylactic surgical approach to Stage IV Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors with Survival.2018In: JAMA Oncology, ISSN 2374-2437, E-ISSN 2374-2445, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 183-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Importance: Primary tumor resection and mesenteric lymph node dissection in asymptomatic patients with stage IV Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors (SI-NETs) is controversial.

    Objective:  To determine whether locoregional surgery performed at diagnosis in asymptomatic SI-NETs patients with distant metastases affects overall survival (OS), morbidity and mortality, length of hospital stay (LOS) and re-operation rates.

    Design: This investigation was a cohort study of asymptomatic patients with stage IV SI-NET, diagnosed between 1985 and 2015, using the prospective Uppsala database of SI-NETs and the Swedish National Patient Register. Patients included were followed until May 2016 and divided to a first group, which underwent Prophylactic Upfront Surgery within six months from diagnosis Combined with Oncological treatment (PUSCO group) and a second group, which was either treated non-surgically or operated later (Delayed Surgery As Needed Combined with Oncological treatment [DSANCO group]).

    Setting: A tertiary referral center with follow-up data from the Swedish National Patient Register.

    Participants: We included 363 stage IV SI-NET patients without any abdominal symptoms within 6 months from diagnosis, treated either with PUSCO (n=161) or DSANCO (n=202).

    Exposure: PUSCO vs DSANCO.

    Main Outcomes and Measures: Overall survival (OS), length of hospital stay (LOS), postoperative morbidity and mortality and re-operation rates measured from baseline. Propensity score match was performed between the two groups.

    Results: Two isonumerical groups (n=91) occurred after propensity score matching. There was no difference between groups in OS (PUSCO median 7.9 vs DSANCO 7.6 years; [hazard ratio] HR, 0.98; [95% CI, 0.70-1.37]; log-rank P=.93) and cancer-specific survival (median 7.7 vs 7.6 years, HR, 0.99; [95%CI, 0.71-1.40]; log-rank P=.99). There was no difference in 30-day mortality (0% in both matched groups) or postoperative morbidity (2% vs 1%; P>.99), LOS (median 73 vs 76 days; P=.64), LOS due to local tumor-related symptoms (median 7 vs 11.5 days; P=.81) or incisional hernia repairs (4% in both groups; P>.99).  Patients from the PUSCO group underwent more re-operative procedures (14%) compared to the DSANCO group (3%) due to intestinal obstruction (P< .001).

    Conclusion: Prophylactic upfront locoregional surgery confers no survival advantage in asymptomatic stage IV SI-NET patients. Delayed surgery as needed seems to be comparable in all examined outcomes, whilst offering the advantage of less re-operations for intestinal obstruction.  The value of a priori locoregional surgery in the presence of distant metastases is challenged and needs to be elucidated in a randomized controlled study.

     

  • 17.
    Dumanski, Jan P.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Rasi, Chiara
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Björklund, Peyman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Experimental Surgery.
    Davies, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Ali, Abir S
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine oncology.
    Grönberg, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine oncology.
    Welin, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine oncology.
    Sorbye, Halfdan
    Grønbæk, Henning
    Cunningham, Janet L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Forsberg, Lars A.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Stålberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Hellman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    A MUTYH germline mutation is associated with small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors2017In: Endocrine-Related Cancer, ISSN 1351-0088, E-ISSN 1479-6821, Vol. 24, no 8, p. 427-443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The genetics behind predisposition to small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) is largely unknown, but there is growing awareness of a familial form of the disease. We aimed to identify germline mutations involved in the carcinogenesis of SI-NETs. The strategy included next-generation sequencing of exome- and/or whole-genome of blood DNA, and in selected cases, tumor DNA, from 24 patients from 15 families with the history of SI-NETs. We identified seven candidate mutations in six genes that were further studied using 215 sporadic SI-NET patients. The result was compared with the frequency of the candidate mutations in three control cohorts with a total of 35,688 subjects. A heterozygous variant causing an amino acid substitution p.(Gly396Asp) in the MutY DNA glycosylase gene (MUTYH) was significantly enriched in SI-NET patients (minor allele frequencies 0.013 and 0.003 for patients and controls respectively) and resulted in odds ratio of 5.09 (95% confidence interval 1.56-14.74; P value = 0.0038). We also found a statistically significant difference in age at diagnosis between familial and sporadic SI-NETs. MUTYH is involved in the protection of DNA from mutations caused by oxidative stress. The inactivation of this gene leads to specific increase of G:C- > T:A transversions in DNA sequence and has been shown to cause various cancers in humans and experimental animals. Our results suggest that p.(Gly396Asp) in MUTYH, and potentially other mutations in additional members of the same DNA excision-repair pathway (such as the OGG1 gene) might be involved in driving the tumorigenesis leading to familial and sporadic SI-NETs.

  • 18.
    Dumanski, Jan P.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Rasi, Chiara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Lönn, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Biology, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Davies, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Ingelsson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    Giedraitis, Vilmantas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    Lannfelt, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    Magnusson, Patrik K. E.
    Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Cecilia M.
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK;Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
    Morris, Andrew P.
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK;Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
    Cesarini, David
    Center for Experimental Social Science, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA.
    Johannesson, Magnus
    Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine oncology.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology.
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Forsberg, Lars A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Mutagenesis: smoking is associated with mosaic loss of chromosome Y2015In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 347, no 6217, p. 81-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tobacco smoking is a risk factor for numerous disorders, including cancers affecting organs outside the respiratory tract. Epidemiological data suggest that smoking is a greater risk factor for these cancers in males compared to females. This observation, together with the fact that males have a higher incidence of and mortality from most non-sex-specific cancers, remains unexplained. Loss of chromosome Y (LOY) in blood cells is associated with increased risk of nonhematological tumors. We demonstrate here that smoking is associated with LOY in blood cells in three independent cohorts [TwinGene: odds ratio (OR) = 4.3, 95% CI = 2.8-6.7; ULSAM: OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.6-3.6; and PIVUS: OR = 3.5, 95% CI = 1.4-8.4] encompassing a total of 6014 men. The data also suggest that smoking has a transient and dose-dependent mutagenic effect on LOY status. The finding that smoking induces LOY thus links a preventable risk factor with the most common acquired human mutation.

  • 19.
    Edfeldt, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Ahmad, Tanveer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Åkerström, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Janson, Eva T
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Hellman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Stålberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Björklund, Peyman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Westin, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    TCEB3C a putative tumor suppressor gene of small intestine neuroendocrine tumors2014In: Endocrine-Related Cancer, ISSN 1351-0088, E-ISSN 1479-6821, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 275-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs), formerly midgut carcinoids, are rare and slow-growing neoplasms. Frequent loss of one copy of chromosome 18 in primary tumors and metastases has been observed. The aim of the study was to investigate a possible role of TCEB3C (Elongin A3), currently the only imprinted gene on chromosome 18, as a tumor suppressor gene in SI-NETs, and whether its expression is epigenetically regulated. Primary tumors, metastases, the human SI-NET cell line CNDT2.5, and two other cell lines were included. Immunohistochemistry, gene copy number determination by PCR, colony formation assay, Western blotting, real-time quantitative RT-PCR, RNA interference, and quantitative CpG methylation analysis by pyrosequencing were performed. The large majority of tumors (33/43) showed very low to undetectable Elongin A3 expression and as expected 89% (40/45) displayed one TCEB3C gene copy. The DNA hypomethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine induced TCEB3C expression in CNDT2.5 cells, in primary SI-NET cells prepared directly after surgery, but not in two other cell lines. Also siRNA to DNMT1 and treatment with the general histone methyltransferase inhibitor 3-deazaneplanocin A induced TCEB3C expression in a cell type-specific way. CpG methylation at the TCEB3C promoter was observed in all analyzed tissues and thus not related to expression. Overexpression of TCEB3C resulted in a 50% decrease of clonogenic survival of CNDT2.5 cells, but not of control cells. The results support a putative role of TCEB3C as a tumor suppressor gene in SI-NETs. Epigenetic repression of TCEB3C seems to be tumor cell type-specific and involves both DNA and histone methylation.

  • 20.
    Edfeldt, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Ahmad, Tanvver
    Åkerstrom, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Hellman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Stalberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Björklund, Peyman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Westin, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    TCEB3C (Elongin A3) on chromosome 18 presents a putative tumor suppressor gene of small intestine neuroendocrine tumors.2013In: Cancer Research, ISSN 0008-5472, E-ISSN 1538-7445, Vol. 73, no 8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Edfeldt, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Bäcklin, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Westin, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Hellman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Stålberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Novel Serum Biomarkers in Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine TumorsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Edfeldt, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Daskalakis, Kosmas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Bäcklin, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cancer Pharmacology and Computational Medicine.
    Norlén, Olov
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Westin, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Hellman, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    Stålberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
    DcR3, TFF3 and Midkine are Novel Serum Biomarkers in Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors2017In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 105, no 2, p. 170-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are amine- and peptide producing neoplasms. Most patients display metastases at the time of diagnosis, they have an unpredictable individual disease course and the tumors are often therapy resistant. Chromogranin A (CgA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) are the clinically most used biomarkers today, but there is a great need for novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers and new therapeutic targets. Sixty-nine biomarkers were screened in serum from 23 SI-NET patients and 23 healthy controls using multiplex PLA (proximity ligation assay). A refined method, PEA (proximity extension assay), was used to analyze 76 additional biomarkers. Statistical testing and multivariate classification were performed. Immunohistochemistry and ELISA assays were performed in an extended cohort. Using PLA, 19 biomarkers showed a significant difference in serum concentrations between patients and controls, and PEA revealed difference in concentrations in 13 proteins. Multivariate classification analysis revealed decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) and Midkine to be good biomarkers for disease, which was confirmed by ELISA analysis. All three biomarkers were expressed in tumor tissue. DcR3 concentrations were elevated in patients with stage IV disease. High concentrations of DcR3 and TFF3 were correlated to poor survival. DcR3, TFF3 and Midkine exhibited elevated serum concentrations in SI-NET patients compared to healthy controls, and DcR3 and TFF3 were associated with poor survival. DcR3 seems to be a marker for liver metastases while TFF3 and Midkine may be new diagnostic biomarkers for SI-NETs.

  • 23.
    Ekeblad, Sara
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Sundin, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Welin, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Granberg, Dan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Kindmark, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Dunder, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Kozlovacki, Gordana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Örlefors, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Sigurd, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Öberg, Kjell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Skogseid, Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Temozolomide as monotherapy is effective in treatment of advanced malignant neuroendocrine tumors2007In: Clinical Cancer Research, ISSN 1078-0432, E-ISSN 1557-3265, Vol. 13, no 10, p. 2986-2991Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: A retrospective analysis of the toxicity and efficacy of temozolomide in advanced neuroendocrine tumors. Experimental Design: Thirty-six patients with advanced stages of neuroendocrine tumor (1 gastric, 7 thymic and 13 bronchial carcinoids, 12 pancreatic endocrine tumors, 1 paraganglioma, 1 neuroendocrine foregut, and 1 neuroendocrine cecal cancer) were treated with temozolomide (200 mg/m2) for 5 days every 4 weeks. Patients had previously received a mean of 2.4 antitumoral medical regimens. Tumor response was evaluated radiologically according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors every 3 months on an intent-to-treat basis. The circulating tumor marker plasma chromogranin A was also assessed. The expression of 06-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase, an enzyme implicated in chemotherapy resistance, was studied by immunohistochemistry (n = 23) and compared with response to temozolomide. Results: Median overall time to progression was 7 months (95% confidence interval, 3-10). Radiologic response was seen in 14% of patients and stable disease in 53%. Side effects were mainly hematologic; 14% experienced grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia (National Cancer Institute toxicity criteria). Ten patients had tumors with 06-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase immunoreactivity in <10% of nuclei, whereas four patients showed radiologic responses. Conclusions: Temozolomide as monotherapy had acceptable toxicity and antitumoral effects in a small series of patients with advanced malignant neuroendocrine tumors and four of these showed radiologic responses.

  • 24.
    Eriksson, B
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Onkologisk endokrinologi.
    Janson, E T
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Onkologisk endokrinologi.
    Skogseid, B
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Endokrin tumörbiologi.
    Oberg, K
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Onkologisk endokrinologi.
    [New medical therapy of neuroendocrine gastrointestinal tumors]1990In: Lakartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, Vol. 87, no 35, p. 2668-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Tiensuu Janson, E
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Bax, ND
    Mignon, M
    Morant, R
    Opolon, P
    Rougier, P
    Oberg, K
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Endokrin onkologi.
    The use of new somatostatin analogues, lanreotide and octastatin, inneuroendocrine gastro-intestinal tumours.1996In: Digestion, Vol. 57 Suppl 1, p. 77-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Fjallskog, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Lejonklou, Margareta Halin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Öberg, Kjell E
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, BK
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Expression of molecular targets for tyrosine kinase receptor antagonistsin malignant endocrine pancreatic tumors2003In: Clinical Cancer Research, ISSN 1078-0432, E-ISSN 1557-3265, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 1469-1473Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE:

    Molecular targeting with monoclonal antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors is a novel approach to cancer treatment. We have examined the expression of molecular targets in patients with malignant endocrine pancreatic tumors, which is necessary to justify additional studies investigating the potential benefit from such treatment.

    EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

    Thirty-eight tumor tissues from malignant endocrine pancreatic tumors were examined with immunohistochemistry using specific polyclonal antibodies with regard to the expression pattern of platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs) alpha and beta, c-kit, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR).

    RESULTS:

    All 38 tissue specimens expressed PDGFRalpha on tumor cells, and 21 of 37 specimens (57%) expressed PDGFRalpha in tumor stroma (1 specimen was nonevaluable). Twenty-eight samples (74%) stained positive for PDGFRbeta on tumor cells, and 36 of 37 samples (97%) stained positive for PDGFRbeta in the stroma (1 specimen was nonevaluable). Thirty-five tumor tissues (92%) stained positive for c-kit, and 21 (55%) stained positive for EGFR on tumor cells. No differences were seen between syndromes or between poorly differentiated or well-differentiated tumors. Previous treatment did not influence expression pattern. Receptor expression pattern varied considerably between individuals.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    We have found that tyrosine kinase receptors PDGFRs alpha and beta, EGFR, and c-kit are expressed in more than half of the patients with endocrine pancreatic tumors. Because these receptors represent molecular targets for STI571 and ZD1839 (tyrosine kinase inhibitors) and IMC-C225 (a monoclonal antibody), we propose that patients suffering from EPTs might benefit from this new treatment strategy. However, because of great variability in receptor expression pattern, all patients' individual receptor expression should be examined.

  • 27.
    Fjallskog, ML
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Granberg, DP
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Welin, SL
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, C
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Oberg, KE
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Tiensuu Janson, E
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, BK
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Treatment with cisplatin and etoposide in patients with neuroendocrinetumors.2001In: Cancer, Vol. 92, p. 1101-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Fjallskog, ML
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. onk endo.
    Ludvigsen, E
    Stridsberg, M
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Oberg, K
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. onk endo.
    Eriksson, B
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. onk endo.
    Tiensuu Janson, E
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. onk endo.
    Expression of somatostatin receptor subtypes 1 to 5 in tumor tissue andintratumoral vessels in malignant endocrine pancreatic tumors.2003In: Med Oncol, Vol. 20, p. 59-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Fjällskog, M L
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Sundin, A
    Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Westlin, J E
    Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Öberg, K
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Onkologisk endokrinologi.
    Tiensuu Janson, E
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, B
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Treatment of malignant endocrine pancreatic tumors with a combination of alpha-interferon and somatostatin analogs.2002In: Med Oncol, ISSN 1357-0560, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 35-42Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Fjällskog, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Hessman, Ola
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Upregulated expression of PDGF receptor beta in endocrine pancreatic tumors and metastases compared to normal endocrine pancreas2007In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 741-746Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) beta signaling is involved in autocrine growth stimulation of tumor cells, tumor angiogenesis and regulation of tumor interstitial fluid pressure. Development of PDGFR antagonists has further increased the interest for PDGFR as targets for anticancer treatments. Malignant endocrine pancreatic tumors (EPTs) express PDGFR beta both in stroma and on tumor cells. To investigate the role of PDGFR beta signaling in EPTs we compared PDGFR beta expression in normal endocrine pancreas to malignant EPTs and metastases. PDGFR beta expression was examined by immunohistochemistry using specific polyclonal antibodies in ten tissue samples from normal endocrine pancreas, 21 from primary EPTs and 19 from metastases. In eight patients we compared the expression in normal endocrine pancreas to the corresponding primary tumor and metastases, in two patients normal tissue to the primary tumor and in 11 patients primary tumors to the corresponding metastases. Six of ten tissues containing normal pancreas stained negative for PDGFR beta on endocrine cells, while seven of ten stained positive in the stroma. Eighteen of 21 (86%) primary tumors stained positive for PDGFR beta on tumor cells and all had positive stroma stainings. All 19 metastases stained positive for PDGFR beta on tumor cells and in evaluable stroma (n=16). We have found that PDGFR beta is more frequently expressed in primary EPTs and metastases as compared to normal endocrine pancreatic tissue. This is also true for PDGFR beta expression in the corresponding stroma. We suggest that new therapeutic options to inhibit the growth and spread of EPTs could include targeting of PDGFR beta.

  • 31.
    Fjällskog, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology. onkologi.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Department of Medical Sciences.
    Tratamento dos tumores endócrinos do pâncreas.2004In: Câncer Hoje- A Oncologia baseada em Evidência., Vol. 2, no 5, p. 17-25Article, review/survey (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 32.
    Fjällskog, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Ludvigsen, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Stridsberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemical endocrinology.
    Öberg, Kjell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Tumor Biology.
    Janson, Eva T
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Expression of somatostatin receptor subtypes 1 to 5 in tumor tissue and intratumoral vessels in malignant endocrine pancreatic tumors2003In: Medical Oncology, ISSN 1357-0560, E-ISSN 1559-131X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 59-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Somatostatin analogs are well established in the treatment of malignant endocrine pancreatic tumors (EPTs). Our goal is to individualize their treatment using receptor-subtype-specific analogs and, therefore, exploring the receptor expression is highly important. We have examined the expression of somatostatin receptor (sst) subtypes 1–5 on tumor cells and in intratumoral vessels in 28 tumor tissues from malignant EPTs with immunohistochemistry using sst-subtype-specific polyclonal antibodies. We found that sst2 and sst4 stained positive in 90% and sst1 in 70% of the tumor tissues, whereas sst3 and sst5 stained positive in only 50% of the tumor tissues. Sst expression in intratumoral vessels was high for sst2 and sst4 (80%), moderate for sst1 (40%), and low for sst3 and sst5 (10%). The ssts were evenly distributed among the different tumor subtypes. However, tumors belonging to the same subgroup of EPTs showed a variable expression of receptor subtypes. No differences in receptor-subtype expression could be seen between poorly and well-differentiated tumors, nor between primary tumors and metastases. Prior medical treatment did not influence sst expression pattern. In conclusion, sst2 and sst4 were expressed in most tumor tissues and intratumoral vessels from EPTs. However, sst3 and sst5 were lacking in half of the tumor tissues and in most of the intratumoral vessels. These differences indicate the importance of determining each tumor’s subset of receptors before treatment with receptor-subtype-specific analogs is initiated. The importance of sst expression in intratumoral vessels is not yet known.

  • 33.
    Fjällskog, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Treatment of endocrine pancreatic tumors2005In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 329-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Endocrine pancreatic tumors are rare with an incidence of 4 per million inhabitants. Most tumors are malignant except for insulinomas that usually are benign. They are slowly growing in the majority of cases but there are exceptions with rapidly progressing malignant carcinomas. Because of the rarity of these tumors large randomized trials are difficult to accomplish. However, most physicians treating these patients agree that surgery should be considered in all cases and that medical treatment with chemotherapy and biotherapy is well established for this group of patients.

  • 34.
    Forsberg, Lars A.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Rasi, Chiara
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Malmqvist, Niklas
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Davies, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Pasupulati, Saichand
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology.
    Pakalapati, Geeta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Sandgren, Johanna
    de Stahl, Teresita Diaz
    Zaghlool, Ammar
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Genomics.
    Giedraitis, Vilmantas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    Lannfelt, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    Score, Joannah
    Cross, Nicholas C. P.
    Absher, Devin
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Lindgren, Cecilia M.
    Morris, Andrew P.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology.
    Dumanski, Jan P.
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Mosaic loss of chromosome Y in peripheral blood is associated with shorter survival and higher risk of cancer2014In: Nature Genetics, ISSN 1061-4036, E-ISSN 1546-1718, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 624-628Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Incidence and mortality for sex-unspecific cancers are higher among men, a fact that is largely unexplained(1,2). Furthermore, age-related loss of chromosome Y (LOY) is frequent in normal hematopoietic cells(3,4), but the phenotypic consequences of LOY have been elusive(5-10). From analysis of 1,153 elderly men, we report that LOY in peripheral blood was associated with risks of all-cause mortality (hazards ratio (HR) = 1.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.17-3.13; 637 events) and non-hematological cancer mortality (HR = 3.62, 95% CI = 1.56-8.41; 132 events). LOY affected at least 8.2% of the subjects in this cohort, and median survival times among men with LOY were 5.5 years shorter. Association of LOY with risk of all-cause mortality was validated in an independent cohort (HR = 3.66) in which 20.5% of subjects showed LOY. These results illustrate the impact of post-zygotic mosaicism on disease risk, could explain why males are more frequently affected by cancer and suggest that chromosome Y is important in processes beyond sex determination. LOY in blood could become a predictive biomarker of male carcinogenesis.

  • 35.
    Forsberg, Lars A.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Rasi, Chiara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Pekar, Gyula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Davies, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Piotrowski, Arkadiusz
    Med Univ Gdansk, Dept Biol & Pharmaceut Bot, PL-80416 Gdansk, Poland..
    Absher, Devin
    HudsonAlpha Inst Biotechnol, Huntsville, AL 35806 USA..
    Razzaghian, Hamid Reza
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Ambicka, Aleksandra
    Maria Sklodowska Curie Mem Inst Oncol, Krakow Branch, Ctr Oncol, PL-31115 Krakow, Poland..
    Halaszka, Krzysztof
    Maria Sklodowska Curie Mem Inst Oncol, Krakow Branch, Ctr Oncol, PL-31115 Krakow, Poland..
    Przewoznik, Marcin
    Maria Sklodowska Curie Mem Inst Oncol, Krakow Branch, Ctr Oncol, PL-31115 Krakow, Poland..
    Kruczak, Anna
    Maria Sklodowska Curie Mem Inst Oncol, Krakow Branch, Ctr Oncol, PL-31115 Krakow, Poland..
    Mandava, Geeta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Pasupulati, Saichand
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Hacker, Julia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Prakash, K. Reddy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Dasari, Ravi Chandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Lau Börjesson, Joey
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
    Penagos-Tafurt, Nelly
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Olofsson, Helena M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Clinical and experimental pathology.
    Hallberg, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Skotnicki, Piotr
    Maria Sklodowska Curie Mem Inst Oncol, Krakow Branch, Ctr Oncol, PL-31115 Krakow, Poland..
    Mitus, Jerzy
    Maria Sklodowska Curie Mem Inst Oncol, Krakow Branch, Ctr Oncol, PL-31115 Krakow, Poland..
    Skokowski, Jaroslaw
    Med Univ Gdansk, Dept Surg Oncol, PL-80952 Gdansk, Poland.;Med Univ Gdansk, Dept Med Lab Diagnost, Bank Frozen Tissues & Genet Specimens, PL-80211 Gdansk, Poland..
    Jankowski, Michal
    Nicolaus Copernicus Univ, Ctr Oncol, Coll Med, Surg Oncol, PL-85796 Bydgoszcz, Poland..
    Srutek, Ewa
    Nicolaus Copernicus Univ, Ctr Oncol, Coll Med, Surg Oncol, PL-85796 Bydgoszcz, Poland..
    Zegarski, Wojciech
    Nicolaus Copernicus Univ, Ctr Oncol, Coll Med, Surg Oncol, PL-85796 Bydgoszcz, Poland..
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Rys, Janusz
    Maria Sklodowska Curie Mem Inst Oncol, Krakow Branch, Ctr Oncol, PL-31115 Krakow, Poland..
    Tot, Tibor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Dumanski, Jan P.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Signatures of post-zygotic structural genetic aberrations in the cells of histologically normal breast tissue that can predispose to sporadic breast cancer2015In: Genome Research, ISSN 1088-9051, E-ISSN 1549-5469, Vol. 25, no 10, p. 1521-1535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sporadic breast cancer (SBC) is a common disease without robust means of early risk prediction in the population. We studied 282 females with SBC, focusing on copy number aberrations in cancer-free breast tissue (uninvolved margin, UM) outside the primary tumor (PT). In total, 1162 UMs (1-14 per breast) were studied. Comparative analysis between UM(s), PT(s), and blood/skin from the same patient as a control is the core of the study design. We identified 108 patients with at least one aberrant UM, representing 38.3% of cases. Gains in gene copy number were the principal type of mutations in microscopically normal breast cells, suggesting that oncogenic activation of genes via increased gene copy number is a predominant mechanism for initiation of SBC pathogenesis. The gain of ERBB2, with overexpression of HER2 protein, was the most common aberration in normal cells. Five additional growth factor receptor genes (EGFR, FGFR1, IGF1R, LIFR, and NGFR) also showed recurrent gains, and these were occasionally present in combination with the gain of ERBB2. All the aberrations found in the normal breast cells were previously described in cancer literature, suggesting their causative, driving role in pathogenesis of SBC. We demonstrate that analysis of normal cells from cancer patients leads to identification of signatures that may increase risk of SBC and our results could influence the choice of surgical intervention to remove all predisposing cells. Early detection of copy number gains suggesting a predisposition toward cancer development, long before detectable tumors are formed, is a key to the anticipated shift into a preventive paradigm of personalized medicine for breast cancer.

  • 36.
    Galleberg, R. B.
    et al.
    Haukeland Hosp, Dept Oncol, Bergen, Norway..
    Knigge, U.
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Dept Surg & Endocrinol PE C, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Vestermark, L. W.
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Odense, Denmark..
    Haugvik, S. P.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Rikshosp, Dept Hepatopancreatobiliary Surg 5, Oslo, Norway..
    Ladekarl, M.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Langer, S. W.
    Univ Copenhagen, Rigshosp, Dept Oncol 7, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Gronbaek, H.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Hepatol & Gastroenterol 8, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Osterlund, P.
    Univ Helsinki, Cent Hosp, Dept Oncol 9, Helsinki, Finland..
    Hjortland, G.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Oslo, Norway..
    Assmus, J.
    Haukeland Hosp, Ctr Clin Res 11, Bergen, Norway..
    Tang, L.
    MSKCC, Dept Pathol, New York, NY USA..
    Perren, A.
    Univ Bern, Dept Pathol, Bern, Switzerland..
    Sorbye, H.
    Haukeland Hosp, Dept Oncol, Bergen, Norway.;Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Bergen, Norway..
    Resection of Liver Metastases in Patients with High-Grade Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinomas: A Nordic Multicenter Study2017In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 105, p. 264-264Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Galleberg, R. B.
    et al.
    Haukeland Hosp, Dept Oncol, N-5021 Bergen, Norway..
    Knigge, U.
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Surg C, Rigshosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Copenhagen, Dept Endocrinol PE, Rigshosp, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Vestermark, L. W.
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Odense, Denmark..
    Haugvik, S. -P
    Ladekarl, M.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Langer, S. W.
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Oncol, Rigshosp, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Gronbaek, H.
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Hepatol & Gastroenterol, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Osterlund, P.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Oncol, Cent Hosp, Helsinki, Finland..
    Hjortland, G. O.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Oslo, Norway..
    Assmus, J.
    Haukeland Hosp, Ctr Clin Res, Bergen, Norway..
    Tang, L.
    MSKCC, Dept Pathol, New York, NY USA..
    Perren, A.
    Univ Bern, Dept Pathol, Bern, Switzerland..
    Sorbye, H.
    Haukeland Hosp, Dept Oncol, N-5021 Bergen, Norway.;Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Bergen, Norway..
    Results after surgical treatment of liver metastases in patients with high-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas2017In: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, ISSN 0748-7983, E-ISSN 1532-2157, Vol. 43, no 9, p. 1682-1689Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-NEC) are generally characterized by synchronous metastases, high aggressiveness and a dismal prognosis. Current international guidelines do not recommend surgical treatment of liver metastases, however the existing data are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of curatively intended resection/radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of liver metastases in patients with metastatic GEP-NEC. Methods: 32 patients with a diagnosis of high-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (Ki-67 > 20%) and with intended curative resection/RFA of liver metastases, were identified among 840 patients from two Nordic GEP-NEC registries. Tumor morphology (well vs poor differentiation) was reassessed. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was assessed by Kaplan Meier analyses for the entire cohort and for subgroups. Results: Median OS after resection/RFA of liver metastases was 35.9 months (95% -CI: 20.6-51.3) with a five-year OS of 43%. The median PFS was 8.4 months (95% -CI: 3.9-13). Four patients (13%) were disease -free after 5 years. Two patients had well -differentiated morphology (NET G3) and 20 patients (63%) had Ki-67 >= 55%. A Ki-67 < 55% and receiving adjuvant chemotherapy were statistically significant factors of improved OS after liver resection/RFA. Conclusion: This study shows a long median and long term survival after liver surgery/RFA for these selected metastatic GEP-NEC patients, particularly for the group with a Ki-67 in the relatively lower G3 range. Our findings indicate a possible role for surgical treatment of liver metastases in the management of this patient population.

  • 38.
    Georgantzi, Kleopatra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Neuropediatrics/Paediatric oncology. University Children's Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sköldenberg, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Pediatric Surgery. University Children's Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Stridsberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemical endocrinology. University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kogner, Per
    Department of Women´s and Children´s Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jakobson, Åke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Neuropediatrics/Paediatric oncology. University Children's Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Christofferson, Rolf. H.B.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Pediatric Surgery. University Children's Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Chromogranin A and neuron-specific enolase in neuroblastoma: Correlation to stage and prognostic factors.2018In: Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, ISSN 0888-0018, E-ISSN 1521-0669, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 156-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chromogranin A (CgA) and neuron specific enolase (NSE) are important markers in adult neuroendocrine tumors (NET). Neuroblastoma (NB) has certain neuroendocrine properties. The aim of this study was to correlate blood concentrations of CgA, chromogranin B (CgB), and NSE to prognostic factors and outcome in children with NB. Blood samples from 92 patients with NB, 12 patients with benign ganglioneuroma (GN), 21 patients with non-NB solid tumors, 10 patients with acute leukemias, and 69 healthy children, were analyzed. CgA concentrations were higher in neonates vs. children older than one month in the control group (p < 0.0001), and in neonates with NB vs. the control group (p < 0.01). CgA and NSE concentrations were higher in patients with stages 3 and 4 disease (p < 0.05 and p < 0.05), in patients having tumors with amplification of MYCN (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001), or chromosome 1 p deletion (p < 0.05 and p < 0.05). NSE correlated to the tumor size at diagnosis (p < 0.001) and to tumor related death (p < 0.01) in NB. CgA and NSE concentrations were elevated in patients with NB and especially in those with advanced disease. Both CgA and NSE correlated to genetic markers, while only NSE correlated to primary tumor size and outcome in NB. We found that CgA and NSE are clinically valuable tumor markers in NB and they merit prospective clinical evaluations as such.

  • 39.
    Georgantzi, Kleopatra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Neuropediatrics/Paediatric oncology.
    Sköldenberg, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Pediatric Surgery.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Jakobson, Åke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Neuropediatrics/Paediatric oncology.
    Christofferson, Rolf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Pediatric Surgery.
    Diagnostic Ultrasound-Guided Cutting Needle Biopsies in Neuroblastoma: a safe and efficient procedure2019In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery, ISSN 0022-3468, E-ISSN 1531-5037, Vol. 54, no 6, p. 1253-1256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood and accounts for 15% of deaths in pediatric oncology. Apart from the clinical stage at diagnosis, molecular factors are important for the characterization of the tumor and for decision on adequate treatment. Pretreatment diagnosis and molecular profiling are based on analysis of a tumor sample, obtained either by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), cutting needle biopsy or open surgical biopsy. The method used depends on local tradition and routines. Ultrasound-guided cutting needle biopsy (UCNB) has been used at the Uppsala University Hospital since 1988 for diagnosis of pediatric solid tumors.

    Procedures

    Medical records of 29 patients with NB who underwent pretreatment, diagnostic, ultrasound-guided needle biopsy were reviewed. Information extracted from the patients’ records included: age at diagnosis, gender, tumor site, clinical stage, molecular profiling made on biopsies (e.g. MYCN status, ploidy and chromosomal aberrations), and UCNB complications (i.e. bleeding, pain, or anesthesiologic complications).

    Results

    A total of 34 UCNBs were performed in the 29 patients. Repeated biopsies were done in three patients. UCNB was diagnostic in 90% (26/29). A complete molecular profiling was obtained in all UCNBs after 2008. Two patients (7%) developed a significant bleeding and two (7%) needed analgesics following UCNB. Neither infection nor tumor growth in the needle tract was observed. There were no anesthesiologic complications.

    Conclusions

    UCNB is reasonably safe in patients with NB and usually gives a sufficient amount of tumor tissue for a histological diagnosis, molecular profiling, and biobank storage.

  • 40.
    Georgantzi, Kleopatra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics.
    Tsolakis, Apostolos V
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Stridsberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemical endocrinology.
    Jakobson, Åke
    Department of Womeńs and Childreńs Health, Astrid Lindgren Childreńs Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Christofferson, Rolf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Paediatric Surgery.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Differentiated expression of somatostatin receptor subtypes in experimental models and clinical neuroblastoma2011In: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 584-589Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Neuroblastoma (NB) is a solid tumor of childhood originating from the adrenal medulla or sympathetic nervous system. Somatostatin (SS) is an important regulator of neural and neuroendocrine function, its actions being mediated through five specific membrane receptors. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of the different somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) in NB tumor cells that may form targets for future therapeutic development.

    PROCEDURE:

    Tumor specimens from 11 children with stage II-IV disease were collected before and/or after chemotherapy. Experimental tumors derived from five human NB cell lines were grown subcutaneously in nude mice. Expression of SSRTs, the neuroendocrine marker chromogranin A (CgA) and SS was detected by immunohistochemistry using specific antibodies.

    RESULTS:

    SSTR2 was detected in 90%, SSTR5 in 79%, SSTR1 in 74%, SSTR3 in 68% whereas SSTR4 was expressed in 21% of the clinical tumors. The experimental tumors expressed SSTRs in a high but variable frequency. All clinical tumors showed immunoreactivity for CgA but not for SS.

    CONCLUSION:

    The frequent expression of SSTRs indicates that treatment with unlabeled or radiolabeled SS analogs should be further explored in NB.

  • 41.
    Georgii-Hemming, P
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Stromberg, T
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Tiensuu Janson, E
    Department of Medical Sciences.
    Stridsberg, M
    Department of Medical Sciences.
    Wiklund, HJ
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Nilsson, K
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    The somatostatin analog octreotide inhibits growth of interleukin-6 (IL-dent and IL-6-independent human multiple myeloma cell lines.1999In: Blood, Vol. 93, p. 1724-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Granberg, Dan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Öberg, Kjell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Skogseid, Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Lungcarcinoider: inte så benigna som man trott2006In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 103, no 34, p. 2382-2384Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Granberg, Dan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, Lars-Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Radiology.
    Welin, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Kindmark, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Skogseid, Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Öberg, Kjell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Nyman, Rickard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Radiology.
    Liver embolization with trisacryl gelatin microspheres (embosphere) in patients with neuroendocrine tumors2007In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 180-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE:

    To report our experience of liver embolization with trisacryl gelatin microspheres (Embospheretrade mark) in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS:

    Fifteen patients underwent selective embolization of the right or left hepatic artery with Embosphere. One lobe was embolized in seven patients and both lobes, on separate occasions, in eight patients. Seven patients had midgut carcinoids, two had lung carcinoids, one suffered from a thymic carcinoid, and five had endocrine pancreatic tumors. Eight patients suffered from endocrine symptoms, seven of whom had carcinoid syndrome and one WDHA (watery diarrhea, hypokalemia, achlorhydria) syndrome.

    RESULTS:

    Partial radiological response was seen after eight embolizations (in six different patients), stable disease was observed after 13 embolizations (after three of these, necroses occurred), while radiological progression was noted after only two embolizations. Only two patients experienced a biochemical response. Clinical improvement of carcinoid syndrome was observed after five embolizations. There were no major complications. Fever >38 degrees C was seen after all but four embolizations, and urinary tract infections were diagnosed after eight embolizations.

    CONCLUSION:

    Selective hepatic artery embolization with Embosphere particles is a safe treatment for patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors and may lead to partial radiological response as well as symptomatic improvement of disabling endocrine symptoms.

  • 44.
    Granberg, Dan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Sundin, Anders
    Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Oberg, Kjell
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Skogseid, Britt
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Westlin, Jan-Erik
    Octreoscan in patients with bronchial carcinoid tumours.2003In: Clin Endocrinol (Oxf), ISSN 0300-0664, Vol. 59, no 6, p. 793-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45. Grander, D
    et al.
    Oberg, K
    Uppsala University.
    Lundqvist, M L
    Tiensuu Janson, E
    Uppsala University.
    Eriksson, B
    Uppsala University.
    Einhorn, S
    Interferon-induced enhancement of 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase in mid-gut carcinoid tumours.1990In: Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, Vol. 336, no 8711, p. 337-40Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Grönberg, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Ahlin, Cecilia
    Orebro Univ, Fac Med & Hlth, Dept Oncol, Orebro, Sweden..
    Naeser, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Holmberg, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery. Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, London, England..
    Fjällskog, Marie-Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Ghrelin is a prognostic marker and a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 4, article id e0176059Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ghrelin and obestatin are gastrointestinal peptides, encoded by the same preproghrelin gene. Both are expressed in breast cancer tissue and ghrelin has been implicated in breast cancer tumorigenesis. Despite recent advances in breast cancer management the need for new prognostic markers and potential therapeutic targets in breast cancer remains high. We studied the prognostic impact of ghrelin and obestatin in women with node negative breast cancer. Within a cohort of women with breast cancer with tumor size <= 50 mm, no lymph node metastases and no initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy, 190 women were identified who died from breast cancer and randomly selected 190 women alive at the corresponding time as controls. Tumor tissues were immunostained with antibodies versus the peptides. Ghrelin expression was associated with better breast cancer specific survival in univariate analyses (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.36-0.84) and in multivariate models, adjusted for endocrine treatment and age (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.36-0.89). Obestatin expression was non-informative (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.60-2.46). Ghrelin expression is independent prognostic factor for breast cancer death in node negative patients-halving the risk for dying of breast cancer. Our data implies that ghrelin could be a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer treatment.

  • 47.
    Grönberg, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Amini, Rose-Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
    Stridsberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemical endocrinology.
    Janson, Eva Tiensuu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Saras, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Neuroendocrine markers are expressed in human mammary glands2010In: Regulatory Peptides, ISSN 0167-0115, E-ISSN 1873-1686, Vol. 160, no 1-3, p. 68-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Regulatory peptides have previously been detected in epithelial cells of human mammary glands. As these peptides are produced by scattered neuroendocrine cells in the epithelium of other tissues the aim of this study was to investigate whether the mammary glands express molecular markers for neuroendocrine cells.

    Material and methods

    Specimens from 28 human mammary glands were retrieved. The distribution of immunoreactive cells was determined using immunohistochemistry with antibodies versus a set of endocrine markers including peptide hormones, chromogranins/secretogranins, vesicular monoamine transporters, synaptophysin, serotonin and synaptic vesicle protein 2.

    Results

    Cells of the luminal epithelium of ducts and lobules of human mammary glands expressed vesicular monoamine transporter 2 and chromogranin B, as well as the previously reported regulatory peptides obestatin, ghrelin, adrenomedullin and apelin. Using consecutive sections, it was revealed that the immunoreactivity patterns of the regulatory peptides and vesicular monoamine transporter 2 were similar. Interestingly, immunoreactivity for secretogranin II, secretogranin III and chromogranin B was identified in myoepithelial cells. No immunoreactivity was detected for chromogranin A or synaptophysin.

    Conclusion

    Specific cells in the epithelium and myoepithelium of mammary glands express neuroendocrine markers suggesting that mammary glands may have neuroendocrine functions.

  • 48.
    Grönberg, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Fjällskog, Marie-Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Science, Oncology.
    Jirström, Karin
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
    Expression of ghrelin is correlated to a favorable outcome in invasive breast cancer2012In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 386-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Expression of the peptide hormones ghrelin and obestatin has previously been demonstrated in human mammary glands. However, the clinical implications of the expression of these peptides in breast cancer are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential clinical value of ghrelin and obestatin as breast cancer biomarkers. Methods. A tissue microarray containing breast cancer specimens from 144 patients was immunostained with antibodies directed towards ghrelin and obestatin. Using varying cut-offs, the expression of the two peptides was evaluated and correlated to previously known prognostic factors in breast cancer and to the outcome. Cox regression analysis was used to assess whether these markers may predict survival of breast cancer patients. Results. Moderate to strong immunoreactivity for ghrelin and obestatin was observed in 71.5% and 77.1% of the cases, respectively. Ghrelin and obestatin expression was significantly but weakly correlated to low histological grade, estrogen receptor positivity, small tumor size and low proliferation. Only ghrelin expression was significantly correlated to better recurrence-free and breast cancer-specific survival (HR = 0.3-0.4, p = 0.02-0.05) in both uni- and multivariate analyses. The optimal cut-off was any ghrelin expression versus none. Reproducibility between the two readers was very good for both stainings with kappa values of 0.94-1.00. Conclusions. Patients with tumors expressing ghrelin had 2.5-3 times lower risk for recurrence or breast cancer death than those lacking ghrelin expression. Ghrelin expression is easily assessable with high reproducibility using immunohistochemistry. Further investigations are needed to establish the clinical significance of ghrelin as a biomarker in breast cancer.

  • 49.
    Grönberg, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Nilsson, Cecilia
    Vastmanland Cty Hosp, Ctr Clin Res, Vasteras, Sweden.
    Markholm, Ida
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Oncol & Pathol, Lund, Sweden;Lund Univ, CREATE Hlth Strateg Ctr Translat Canc Res, Lund, Sweden.
    Hedenfalk, Ingrid
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Oncol & Pathol, Lund, Sweden;Lund Univ, CREATE Hlth Strateg Ctr Translat Canc Res, Lund, Sweden.
    Blomqvist, Carl
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Oncol, Helsinki, Finland;Orebro Univ Hosp, Dept Oncol, Orebro, Sweden.
    Holmberg, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery. Kings Coll London, Fac Life Sci & Med, London, England.
    Tiensuu Janson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Fjällskog, Marie-Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrin Oncology.
    Ghrelin expression is associated with a favorable outcome in male breast cancer2018In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, article id 13586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ghrelin and obestatin are two gastrointestinal peptides, derived from a common precursor. Expression of both peptides have been found in breast cancer tissue and ghrelin has been associated with breast cancer development. Ghrelin expression is associated with longer survival in women diagnosed with invasive and node negative breast cancer. The clinical implications of the peptide expression in male breast cancer are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the role and potential clinical value of ghrelin and obestatin in male breast cancer. A tissue microarray of invasive male breast cancer specimens from 197 patients was immunostained with antibodies versus the two peptides. The expression of the peptides was correlated to previously known prognostic factors in breast cancer and to the outcome. No strong correlations were found between ghrelin or obestatin expression and other known prognostic factors. Only ghrelin expression was statistically significantly correlated to breast cancer-specific survival (HR 0.39, 95% CI 0.18-0.83) in univariate analyses and in multivariate models, adjusted for tumor size and node status (HR 0.38, 95% CI 0.17-0.87). HR for obestatin was 0.38 (95% CI 0.11-1.24). Ghrelin is a potential prognostic factor for breast cancer death in male breast cancer. Patients with tumors expressing ghrelin have a 2.5-fold lower risk for breast cancer death than those lacking ghrelin expression. Drugs targeting ghrelin are currently being investigated in clinical studies treating metabolic or nutritional disorders. Ghrelin should be further evaluated in forthcoming studies as a prognostic marker with the aim to be included in decision algorithms.

  • 50.
    Grönberg, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Tsolakis, Apostolos V
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Holmbäck, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.
    Stridsberg, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemical endocrinology.
    Grimelius, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular and Morphological Pathology.
    Janson, Eva T
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Oncology.
    Ghrelin and Obestatin in Human Neuroendocrine Tumors: Expression and Effect on Obestatin Levels after Food Intake2013In: Neuroendocrinology, ISSN 0028-3835, E-ISSN 1423-0194, Vol. 97, no 4, p. 291-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Ghrelin and obestatin are derived from the same peptide hormone precursor and are mainly produced by the gastric mucosa. Ghrelin is involved in many biological processes, whereas the physiological function of obestatin needs further investigation. The aims of the present study were to establish the incidence of ghrelin- and obestatin-immunoreactive cells in a comprehensive panel of human neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and to investigate if blood obestatin concentrations are influenced during a standardized meal stimulation test in healthy individuals and patients with NETs.

    Materials and Methods:

    The expression of ghrelin and obestatin was investigated in NETs (n = 149) and other endocrine-related disorders (n = 3) using immunohistochemistry with specific polyclonal antibodies. Coexpression of the peptides was evaluated by double immunofluorescence. Concentrations of obestatin in blood were measured during a meal test in 6 healthy individuals and 5 patients with pancreatic NETs.

    Results:

    Ghrelin and obestatin were expressed in 14/152 and 19/152 tumor tissues, respectively, mainly representing NETs of foregut origin and in pancreatic tissue from a nesidioblastosis patient. Double immunofluorescence staining showed colocalization of the peptides. During the meal test, obestatin levels in blood were unchanged in all patients but decreased significantly in the healthy individuals.

    Conclusion:

    Only a minority of NETs express ghrelin and obestatin. However, analysis of patients with tumors originating from tissues that express the peptides in normal conditions could be of importance. The results from the meal test indicate that the hormone levels are affected by food intake in healthy individuals, whereas obestatin levels remained unchanged in pancreatic NET patients.

123 1 - 50 of 113
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf