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  • 1.
    Bergman, Ann
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Tjänsteresor, tillgänglighet och relationen mellan arbete och familjeliv2008In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 11-28Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bergman, Ann
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Travel, availability and work-life balance2008In: Mobility and technology in the workplace, London: Routledge , 2008, p. 192-208Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Danielsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Hertting, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Vem vinner på medborgardialog?: Deltagande och politisk integration i den segregerade staden2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Gunnar Myrberg och Roger Andersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, p. 143-165Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Arbetslöshetsförsäkringen och de arbetslösa: Resultat från en attitydundersökning (Unemployment insurance and the unemployd: Results from an attitude study)2003Report (Other scientific)
  • 5.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Business Travel from the Traveller's Perspective: Stress, Stimulation and Normalization2014In: Mobilities, ISSN 1745-0101, E-ISSN 1745-011X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 63-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For growing numbers of businesspeople, managers and public officials, work involves travel. This study investigates what business travel means to travellers. What are their experiences of travel and what are the consequences of travel for their professional and personal lives? Qualitative interviews with frequent business travellers and corporate travel managers show that travel may be both stressful and stimulating. It may be associated with physical and psychological strain, increased workloads and difficulties in balancing work and private life, but also with enriching experiences, social and professional status and a cosmopolitan identity. It may also promote travellers' professional careers. However, in some respects, an ongoing normalization of travel seems to have moderating effects on both stress and stimulation among travellers. This normalization occurs on three different levels: the societal, organizational and individual.

  • 6.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Control and commitment in corporate travel management2013In: Research in Transportation Business and Management (RTBM), ISSN 2210-5395, E-ISSN 2210-5409, Vol. 9, no December, p. 21-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the practice of corporate travel management, using an analytical distinction between managerial strategies based on control versus commitment. Control-oriented strategies use formal rules, surveillance and sanctions, whereas commitment-oriented strategies encourage employee involvement, responsibility and self-control. The study draws on interviews with travel managers and analysis of travel policy documents. Elements of both control- and commitment-based management were identified at all stages of the business travel process – when a decision to travel was taken, when travel and accommodation were booked, and after the trip – but to varying extents in different organizations. The balance between control and commitment was influenced by both internal and external factors. With regard to internal factors, organizational hierarchies and the professional status of both travel managers and travelers played an important role. Senior management support and corporate culture also had an impact. External factors were mainly related to the business travel market. The ‘hybrid’ character of this market, the pricing and marketing strategies of important suppliers, and the services provided by major business travel agencies often promoted control-oriented travel management. The study may inspire travel managers to reflect on and refine their concrete managerial practices as well as their broader management strategies.

  • 7.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Den gråtande ishockyspelaren : Om migration, nationell tillhörighet och dubbelt medborgarskap2007In: Häften för Kritiska Studier, ISSN 0345-4789, no 195/196, p. 74-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Det märkliga med flygvärdinnor (The strange thing about flight attendants)2003In: Reflektioner: Perspektiv i forskning om arbetsliv och arbetsmarknad, Sociologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg , 2003Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Estrategias residenciales en la migración internacional de jubilados2009In: Turismo, urbanización y estilos de vida: Las nuevas formas de movilidad residencial / [ed] Tomás Mazón, Raquel Huete y Alejandro Mantecón, Barcelona: Icaria , 2009, 1. uppl., p. 269-283Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Ett transnationellt perspektiv på migration2007In: Transnationella rum, Umeå: Boréa , 2007, p. 15-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Gender differences in risk perception: Theoretical and methodological perspectives1998In: Risk Analysis, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 805-811Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Globalisation, multiculturalism and individualism: The Swedish debate on dual citizenship2002In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 463-481Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    International migration and national belonging in the Swedish debate on dual citizenship2005In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 5-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Kontroll och styrning i arbetslivet -: om tjänsteresor och 'travel management'2011In: Social kontroll: Övervakning, disciplinering och självreglering / [ed] Oskar Engdahl & Bengt Larsson, Malmö: Liber , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 145-161Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Kön, risk och olyckor: En forskningsöversikt (Gender, risk and accidents: A review of research)1997Report (Other scientific)
  • 16.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Långväga tjänsteresenärer2006Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Långväga tjänsteresenärer2006In: Vardagslivets korrespondenser: Om arbete, boende och konsten att veta, Göteborg: Sociologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet , 2006, p. 83-108Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 18.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Managing business travel: Developments and dilemmas in corporate travel management2012In: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 276-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work organizations today often depend on communication and interaction between persons working in geographically dispersed locations. As a consequence, business travel has increased considerably over the past few decades, and large companies and public authorities often employ travel managers to implement efficient travel routines. The present paper investigates the professional practice of travel management. Using interviews, policy documents and existing literature, it examines recent developments in this field and identifies a number of dilemmas and challenges that travel managers experience in their attempts to control travel behaviour and travel costs in their organizations. These dilemmas occur in travel managers' relations with other stakeholders in the business travel process - travellers, senior managers, suppliers, and travel agents. An additional dilemma concerns the role of 'virtual meetings' (via telephone, video or the Web) and their potential to serve as substitutes for or complements to travel and face-to-face meetings.

  • 19.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Meanings of place: Everyday experience and scientific conceptualizations2001In: Journal of Environmental Psychology, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 5-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Mobility and territorial belonging2009In: Environment and Behavior, ISSN 0013-9165, E-ISSN 1552-390X, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 490-508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much existing research assumes that there is an opposition between mobility and territorial belonging, so that mobile persons tend to have a weak sense of belonging whereas persons with a strong sense of belonging are less willing than others to move. Some studies, however, suggest that mobility may coexist with or even reinforce territorial belonging. This article uses Swedish survey data to introduce two important qualifications to this discussion. First, it shows that different kinds of mobility - daily commuting, long-distance travel, residential mobility, and international migration - are differently related to people's sense of belonging. Second, by examining local, regional, national, and European belonging, it shows that the relationship between mobility and belonging is to some extent a matter of territorial scale.

  • 21.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    More cosmopolitan, no less local: The orientations of international travellers2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    More cosmopolitan, no less local: The orientations of international travellers2009In: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 25-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International business travellers are sometimes described as a cosmopolitan elite, with a strong international orientation but a low preference for local involvement and local obligations. This article uses Swedish survey data to investigate these claims, by comparing the orientations of persons who frequently travel abroad at work with the orientations of other workers. Frequent international travellers generally have more cosmopolitan orientations than others, but the local ties are not significantly weaker among frequent travellers than among occasional travellers or non-travellers. In some respects, notably social networks and associational activities, international travellers tend in fact to be more involved than non-travellers in all the four examined spheres - locally, regionally, nationally and internationally. Concerns among social theorists that highly mobile, locally disconnected elites are undermining social cohesion may therefore be exaggerated. Theoretically, the study suggests that localism and cosmopolitanism should not be treated as necessarily opposite and mutually exclusive phenomena, but that mobility in various forms may be used to combine local and cosmopolitan resources.

  • 23.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    More or less transnational: Two unwritten papers2004In: Transnational Spaces: Disciplinary Perspectives, Malmö: International Migration and Ethnic Relations (IMER), Malmö university , 2004, p. 64-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Mormor vabbar: Om tjänsteresor, könsroller och familjeliv2009In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 27-47Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Människors kunskap om arbetslöshetsersättningen (What people know about unemployment insurance benefits)2004In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 27-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Place attachment and mobility2006In: Multiple Dwelling and Tourism: Negotiating Place, Home and Identity, Cambridge, Mass.: CABI, cop , 2006, p. 17-31Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 27.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Place attachment in an age of mobility2014In: Place Attachment: Advances in Theory, Methods and Applications / [ed] L. Manzo & P. Devine-Wright, London: Routledge, 2014, p. 37-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Place attachments are emotional bonds that form between people and their physical surroundings. These connections are a powerful aspect of human life that inform our sense of identity, create meaning in our lives, facilitate community and influence action. Place attachments have bearing on such diverse issues as rootedness and belonging, placemaking and displacement, mobility and migration, intergroup conflict, civic engagement, social housing and urban redevelopment, natural resource management and global climate change.       In this multidisciplinary book, Manzo and Devine-Wright draw together the latest thinking by leading scholars from around the globe, capturing important advancements in three areas: theory, methods and application. In a wide range of conceptual and applied ways, the authors critically review and challenge contemporary knowledge, identify significant advances and point to areas for future research.   This volume offers the most current understandings about place attachment, a critical concept for the environmental social sciences and placemaking professions.

  • 28.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Resor i arbetet: En kartläggning av svenskarnas tjänsteresor 1995-20012005Report (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Retirement migration2013In: Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration / [ed] I. Ness, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Retired persons migrate for several different reasons, even though the migration rate in general is lower for retirees than among younger persons (Bradley & Longino 2009). One common form of retiree migration is the return migration of former labor migrants to their previous home countries or home regions. Another form can be described as family-oriented migration, as retired parents move in order to be close to their children (Warnes 2009). However, in academic discourse, the term retirement migration, or sometimes international retirement migration (IRM), primarily refers to amenity-oriented migration among retired persons from the Western world who move, permanently or temporarily, to new home places in search for an improved quality of life (King et al. 2000; Migration Policy Institute 2006).

    Keywords: Central America; globalization; immigration; postcolonialism; social change

  • 30.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Retirement migration and transnational lifestyles2001In: Ageing and Society, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 371-394Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Retirement migration from northern Europe to tourist areas in Spain2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Roots and routes: Exploring the relationship between place attachment and mobility2001In: Environment & Behavior, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 667-686Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Spousal age differences and synchronised retirement2017In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 777-803Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many couples want to retire together even if spouses differ in age. Drawing on theories of leisure complementarity, gender roles and social status, this article uses comprehensive Swedish register data from 2002 to 2010 to explore synchronised retirement and its association with spousal age differences and other socio-demographic factors. Synchronisation rates in dual-earner couples (N = 83,986) were 10 per cent for retirement the same calendar year and 25 per cent for retirement the same or the following year. Contrary to theoretical expectations, synchronisation was more common in women-older couples than in men-older couples, although this was largely a consequence of the skewed distribution of age differences. Moreover, spouses' education, incomes, assets, employment and health were differently associated with synchronisation in same-age, men-older and women-older couples. In the total population, average retirement age differed very little between synchronising couples and other couples. Yet women who synchronised retired at an earlier age than other women, whereas men who synchronised retired later than other men. This was partly an effect of the predominance of men-older couples, but men in men-older couples were also more likely than women in women-older couples to delay retirement in order to synchronise.

  • 34.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Swedish Social Insurance Inspectorate, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Gendered Economics of Synchronized Retirement2018In: Research on Aging, ISSN 0164-0275, E-ISSN 1552-7573, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 623-644Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women generally receive lower pensions than men, and research on gender and pensions has identified a number of factors underlying this pattern. The present article examines one factor that has largely gone unnoticedsynchronized retirement. In most married couples, the husband is older than his wife, yet many couples prefer to retire together. At the same time, pension systems are increasingly designed to discourage early retirement and reward late retirement. If younger wives and older husbands tend to synchronize their retirement, this may reinforce gendered income inequalities among older persons. Analyses of register data on Swedish married couples provide empirical support for this argument. Comparisons of their pre- and postretirement incomes show that women who synchronized retirement with their husbands had, in relative terms, lower postretirement incomes than other women, whereas men who synchronized had higher postretirement incomes than other men.

  • 35.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Tourism and seasonal retirement migration2002In: Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 899-918Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Transnationalism in retirement migration: The case of North European retirees in Spain2008In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 451-475Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Travel time and working time: What business travellers do when they travel, and why2012In: Time and Society, ISSN 0961-463X, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 203-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many business travellers today use some of their travel time as working time. However, interviews with frequent business travellers and travel managers in Sweden show that individual travellers differ very much in their attitudes and practices regarding travel time and working time, and that employers generally make no explicit demands about work during travel time. Also, although travellers often appreciate having good working conditions while travelling, the first priority for many frequent travellers is to minimize time spent away from home and family, rather than to make productive use of their travel time.

  • 38.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Working on the road?: Strategies of business travellers and employers2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Work-Related Travel, Gender and Family Obligations2005Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 40.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Work-related travel, gender and family obligations2006In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 513-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses national travel surveys from Sweden to examine the relationship between family situation, sex and work-related overnight travel. The results indicate that family obligations have an impact on travel activity, but that women and men differ in this respect Cohabiting men travel more than men living alone, whereas there is no such effect among women. Having,young children reduces the travel activity of women, whereas there is no consistent such effect among men. However, regardless of family situation, men travel considerably more than women and this largely reflects women's and men's different positions in working life. It is therefore argued that the relationship between work-relate travel and family obligations involves both individual adaptation and structural factors, such as a gender-segregated labour market and 'gender-typing' of travel as a predominantly male activity, all of which reflect traditional gender and family role expectations.

  • 41.
    Gustafson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Your home in Spain: Residential strategies in international retirement migration2009In: Lifestyle Migration: Expectations, Aspirations and Experiences / [ed] Benson, Michaela & Karen O'Reilly, Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate , 2009, 1. uppl., p. 69-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Gustafson, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Bergström Casinowsky, Gunilla
    Sociologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Att ta kontroll över resandet: Travel management och tjänsteresor med tåg2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past few decades, business travel has increased substantially, with both individual and organizational consequences. Many larger companies and public authorities therefore attempt to implement policies, regulations and standardized routines for their travel. The concept of travel management describes such activities pursued on a professional basis, by employed travel managers. The purpose of this report is to investigate travel management in Sweden and, in particular, to examine business travel by train in relation to professional travel management. The report mainly draws on interviews with travel managers, but empirical data also include interviews with sales personnel at travel agencies and at SJ (the state-owned Swedish railway company), interviews with frequent business travellers, and travel policy documents. To begin with, six important tasks for a travel manager are identified: 1) developing and implementing a travel policy, 2) cooperating with a travel agency, 3) making agreements with suppliers, 4) creating standardized payment routines, 5) collecting and analyzing travel statistics, and 6) communicating and gaining support within the organization. These different tasks are then described and analyzed in some detail, and specific attention is given to how the railway as a transport system works in relation to the practice of travel management. Moreover, two separate chapters in the report examine business travel by train from the travellers’ perspective and how environmental considerations in travel management may promote travel by train.

  • 43.
    Gustafson, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Fransson, Urban
    Age differences between spouses: Sociodemographic variation and selection2015In: Marriage and Family Review, ISSN 0149-4929, E-ISSN 1540-9635, Vol. 51, no 7, p. 610-632Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the world, marriages in which the husband is older than his wife are more common than same-age and women-older marriages. Yet there is surprisingly little systematic knowledge about within-country variation in spousal age differences. This study used comprehensive Swedish register data to investigate how age differences in newly married couples were associated with spouses' age, gender, education, income, and birthplace. Among both women and men, small age differences were most common among the highly educated, high-income earners, and native Swedes, whereas persons with low education, low income, and non-Swedish origin more often entered marriages with large age differences, particularly men-older marriages. Findings are discussed in relation to theoretical attempts to explain spousal age differences and sociodemographic selection into couples with different age relationships.

  • 44.
    Gustafson, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Hertting, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Understanding Participatory Governance: An Analysis of Participants' Motives2017In: American Review of Public Administration, ISSN 0275-0740, E-ISSN 1552-3357, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 538-549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the growing body of literature on participatory and collaborative governance, little is known about citizens' motives for participation in such new governance arrangements. The present article argues that knowledge about these motives is essential for understanding the quality and nature of participatory governance and its potential contribution to the overall political and administrative system. Survey data were used to explore participants' motives for participating in a large-scale urban renewal program in Stockholm, Sweden. The program was neighborhood-based, characterized by self-selected and repeated participation, and designed to influence local decisions on the use of public resources. Three types of motives were identified among the participants: (a) Common good motives concerned improving the neighborhood in general and contributing knowledge and competence. (b) Self-interest motives reflected a desire to improve one's own political efficacy and to promote the interest of one's own group or family. (c) Professional competence motives represented a largely apolitical type of motive, often based on a professional role. Different motives were expressed by different categories of participants and were also associated with different perceptions concerning program outcomes. Further analysis suggested that participatory governance may represent both an opportunity for marginalized groups to empower themselves and an opportunity for more privileged groups to act as local citizen representatives and articulate the interests of their neighborhoods. These findings call for a more complex understanding of the role and potential benefits of participatory governance.

  • 45.
    Gustafson, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Laksfoss Cardozo, Ann Elisabeth
    Department of Cultural Studies and Languages, University of Stavanger, Norway .
    Language use and social inclusion in internationalretirement migration2017In: Social Inclusion, ISSN 2183-2803, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The migration of older people in search for improved quality of life has become an important form of human mobility, andpopular retirement destinations are often highly multilingual settings. This article explores language use and social inclu-sion in international retirement migration through a case study of Scandinavian retirees in the Alicante province in Spain.It examines the linguistic landscape they meet, their language use and their inclusion in their new home country. Inter-views with retired migrants and key local individuals show that many migrants try to learn the host country language, butthat these attempts are often not very successful. As a result, they frequently use either their native language or Englishfor everyday communication. This article elaborates on three theoretical and political notions of inclusion—assimilation,multiculturalism and civic integration—and discusses how retired migrants’ language use can be interpreted in the light ofthese notions.

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