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  • 1.
    Apel, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Bäckström, Ylva
    Hallgren, Fredrik
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Lekberg, Per
    Olsson, Elisabeth
    Steinecke, Morten
    Sundström, Lars
    Fågelbacken och trattbägarsamhället: samhällsorganisation och rituella samlingsplatser vid övergången till en bofats tillvaro i östra Mellansverige1995In: Tor, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 27, p. 47-132Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    A discussion of the TRB cultural landscape and form of society is attempted on the basis of the excavation of an Early Neolithic Funnel-beaker settlement site at Fågelbacken in eastern central Sweden. The site, situated on top of an esker, is characterized by finds of TRB pottery, quartz and flint debitage, pits with charred human bones, a cultbuilding and D-shaped huts. As a result of intra-site spatial analysis, ceramic analysis and a discussion of the site features, it is suggested that Fågelbacken should be interpreted not only as a coastal hunting site but also as a repeatedly visited, communal ritual site. A spatial analysis of thin-butted axes in the area surrounding the site, suggests that it is probably one of a whole series of similar, evenly spaced, ritual sites in the area. A sociocultural interpretation of Funnel-beaker huts and houses, together with an analysis of the distribution of stray finds of TRB type in the research area, further suggests that coastal sites like Fågelbacken are structurally related to groups of swidden-agriculture farmsteads and hunting stations in the interior.

  • 2. Broadbent, Noel
    et al.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    An experimental analysis of quartz scrapers: results and applications1975In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, Vol. 70, no 3-4, p. 113-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An experimental analysis of experimenally used quartz scrapers show material specific use-wear on their edges as seen an documented using a binocular light microscope with magnifications up to 40 X. It is also be shown that these types of use-wear traces can be found on original quartz scrapers from prehistoric sites in northern Sweden

  • 3.
    Broadbent, Noel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Några reflexioner kring experimentell arkeologi och dess tillämpning i Norden1979In: Tor: meddelanden från Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 18, p. 5-14Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The possibilities and limitations of experimental approaches to lithic analysis is discussed. These types of formal analogies are seen as important for the interpretation of prehistoric life based on the investigation of material culture.

  • 4.
    Dahlqvist, Bengt
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University.
    Image Classification and Description of Flint Tool Usage1985In: Proceedings of the 4th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, 1985, p. 289-295Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Dahlqvist, Bengt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Texture analysis of use-wear on stone tools1987Report (Other academic)
  • 6. Forsberg, Lars
    et al.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Converging conclusions from different archaeological perspectives: The early settlement of northern Sweden1999In: L'Europe des dernier chasseurs: Èpipaléolithique et `Mesolithique / [ed] André Thévenin, 1999, p. 313-319Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The startingpoint for this paper is two separate but contemporaneous investigations dealing with the Early Stone Age of Northern Sweden. In the first study, Forsberg attempted to study the economic and social aspect of the Mesolithic in Northern Sweden on a macrolevel. In the other, Knutsson on a microlevel, started his research by a source critical evalustaion of a stratified site with early mesolithic components in the same area. The two studies were initiated independently at roughly the same time some years agoand, although different in scope and source material, they shared among other things a chronological interest.

    The separate analyses showed that the previously anticipated cultural and chronological framework of the Norrland Mesolithic had to be abandoned. The two phase periodization with the handle core tradition as the initial phase had to be changed int a three period structure with the handle core tradition in the middle. The fact that this discovery came as a total surprise to the authors, that it was made contemporaneous, independently and with different means, promoted an epistemological discussion on the current opposition between an objectivist and relativist position. In the paper, the authors want to reach beyond this constructed opposition. It is stated that, without having to turn to a passive reflection of how it once was, a meningful study of the past is possible and that the archaeological material itself does not allow that all interpretations are seen as equivalent.

  • 7.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology.
    Sanchez-Quinto, Federico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Human Evolution.
    Evans, Jane
    Natural Environment Research Council, Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK.
    Storå, Jan
    Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Götherström, Anders
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Human Evolution.
    New insights on cultural dualism and population structure in the MiddleNeolithic Funnel Beaker culture on the island of Gotland2018In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2001-1199, Vol. 17, p. 325-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years it has been shown that the Neolithization of Europe was partly driven by migration of farming groups admixing with local hunter-gatherer groups as they dispersed across the continent. However, little research has been done on the cultural duality of contemporaneous foragers and farming populations in the same region. Here we investigate the demographic history of the Funnel Beaker culture [Trichterbecherkultur or TRB, c. 4000–2800 cal BCE], and the sub-Neolithic Pitted Ware culture complex [PWC, c. 3300–2300 cal BCE] during the Nordic Middle Neolithic period on the island of Gotland, Sweden. We use a multidisciplinary approach to investigate individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen, the only confirmed TRB burial on the island. We present new radiocarbon dating, isotopic analyses for diet and mobility, and mitochondrial DNA haplogroup data to infer maternal inheritance. We also present a new Sr-baseline of 0.71208 ± 0.0016 for the local isotope variation. We compare and discuss our findings together with that of contemporaneous populations in Sweden and the North European mainland.

    The radiocarbon dating and Strontium isotopic ratios show that the dolmen was used between c. 3300–2700 cal BCE by a population which displayed local Sr-signals. Mitochondrial data show that the individuals buried in the Ansarve dolmen had maternal genetic affinity to that of other Early and Middle Neolithic farming cultures in Europe, distinct from that of the contemporaneous PWC on the island. Furthermore, they exhibited a strict terrestrial and/or slightly varied diet in contrast to the strict marine diet of the PWC. The findings indicate that two different contemporary groups coexisted on the same island for several hundred years with separate cultural identity, lifestyles, as well as dietary patterns.

  • 8.
    Gummesson, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    Sundberg, Rolf
    Stockholm University, Department of Mathematics, Division of Mathematical Statistics.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Stoneslab, Uppsala.
    Zetterlund, Peter
    National Historical Museums, Linköping.
    Molin, Fredrik
    National Historical Museums, Linköping.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Lithic Raw Material Economy in the Mesolithic: An Experimental Test of Edged Tool Efficiency and Durability in Bone Tool Production2017In: LITHIC TECHNOLOGY, ISSN 0197-7261, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 140-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foundation of this paper is lithic economy with a focus on the actual use of different lithic raw materials for tasks at hand. Our specific focus is on the production of bone tools during the Mesolithic. The lithic and osseous assemblages from Strandvagen, Motala, in east-central Sweden provide the archaeological background for the study. Based on a series of experiments we evaluate the efficiency and durability of different tool edges of five lithic raw materials: Cambrian flint, Cretaceous flint, mylonitic quartz, quartz, and porphyry, each used to whittle bone. The results show that flint is the most efficient of the raw materials assessed. Thus, a non-local raw material offers complements of functional characteristics for bone working compared to locally available quartz and mylonitic quartz. This finding provides a new insight into lithic raw material distribution in the region, specifically for bone tool production on site.

  • 9. Hasek, Vladimir
    et al.
    Tomeschek, Jan
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Victor, Helena
    Knutsson, Helena
    Archaelogical and Geophysical Surveying in the Czech Republic and Sweden2007In: Cultural interaction between east and west: archaeology, artefacts and human contacts in northern Europe, Stockholm: Stockholm University , 2007, p. 331-340Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Two attempts to use non-destructive geophysical surveys of prehistoric sites in Sweden is presented. A Stone Age sunken hut dwelling found in sand and and a settlement area from the Bronze Age siuate4d on glacial till. It is concluded that the methods used are useful for identification of underground features in both types of sediment milieus, but since the methods are developed in the Czech Republic and for soil types there, it is concluded that further work is needed to calibrate the used methods to swedish circumstances.

  • 10. Holm, Lena
    et al.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Proceedings from the Third Flint Alternatives Conference at Uppsala, Sweden, October 18-20, 19961998Book (Other academic)
  • 11. Hope, Rosemary
    et al.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    The application of acetate pels in lithic use-wear analysis1984In: Archaeometry, ISSN 0003-813X, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 13-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The possible use of plastic replicas in lithic use wear anaysis is explored. It can be shown that within the existing observational techniques involving metallographic light microscopes with magnifications up to 400 x that plastic replicas of flint surfaces replicate the surface at a very detailed level. It is detailed enough to permit analysis of microwear traces and can thus be used as substitutes for original tool surfaces when they for different reasons are not available and when the surface to be inspected is to curved to admit scanning with light microscope. It can also be shown that white, ligth reflecting flint surfaces is easier analyzed using a replica surface.

  • 12. Huang, Younping
    et al.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Functional analysis of middle and upper palaeolithic quartz tools from China1995In: Tor, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 27, p. 7-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the authors tryes to evaluate the possabilities for a functional analysis of palaeolithic flaked quartz tools by an analysis of samples from three cave sites in northern China. The sites range in time from c 200 000 yrs BP to c 20 000 yrs BP. It is concluded that the tools are affected by mechanical and to some degree also chemical weathering. They may, however, be functionally interpreted if the analysis is geared towards defining regularities in the formation of linear features in the lower parts of the microtopography. These parts of the tools surface seem to be less affected by mechanical post-depositional processes. Since different worked materials have different hardness and thus produces wear patterns with different coverage and relation to high points in the micro topography, it is assumed that different types of worked materials stands different chanses of detection on an original sample. A research program is proposed where tools from sites with variable sedimentary conditions are evaluated and compared to expreimental tool surfeces produced by contact with variable materials and subsequently altered by simulated weathering processes. Even very old quartz tools exposed to environmental processes for a long time may thus at different levels of detail be given a functional meaning.

  • 13.
    Kjel, Knutsson
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Apel, Jan
    Olausson, Deborah
    The Spread of Flint Axes and Daggers in Neolithic Scandinavia2001In: Archaeologickke Rothzledy, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 34-55Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Knutsson, Helena
    et al.
    Stoneslab.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Molin, Fredrik
    Statens historiska museum.
    Zetterlund, Peter
    Statens historiska museum.
    From flint to quartz: Organization of lithic technology in relation to raw material availability during the pioneer process of Scandinavia2016In: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 424, p. 32-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Formal technologies and intensified reduction are often seen as responces to increased mobility and low abundance of lithic raw material of good flakeability and controllability. In this paper we discuss an alternative explanation to this hypothesis using the change in tool raw material experienced by flint using pioneers as they had to go from a formal blade technology to a simple flake technology as they settled in Scandinavia. The region is dominated by quartz and we used use-wear data as a means to evaluate the role of this type of raw material compared to the use profile of flint assemblages in the home territories of the pioneers. Although the technology changed through simplification and loss of formal production rules due to the low workability of quartz, we conclude that changes in the foraging range into areas of bad quality tool raw materials, does not need formalization of the technology. The quartz in our sample was used for a wide variety of activities in every aspect comparable to the range of uses identified in the contemporaneous blade assemblages based on flint. Instead of formalization of the lithic technology to cope with bad quality raw materials, it was diversified and simplified but without interfering with the organisational dimensions and design criteria of the bone technology.

     

  • 15.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Analysé tracéoligique des outillages de quartz: les enseigments du site néolithique moyen-tardif de Bjursaelet, Suéde sptentrionale.1989In: L'anthropologie, ISSN 0003-5521, Vol. 93, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Bridging the abyss of time: Material culture, cultural reproduction and the sacred time of origin2005In: Poineer settlements and colonization processes in the Barents region / [ed] Helena Knutsson, Vuollerim: Vuollerim 6000 år , 2005, p. 181-219Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this contribution to the workshop proceedings it is proposed that the cultural change in the Scandinavian north in the Early Holocene, may be understood as a crisis resulting in an activated relationship to the past. The remains of settlements from the pioneering period around 9000 cal BC found scattered in the barren hills of northern coastal Norway, may in my opinion thus in the early Stone Age have been seen as the sacred times of origins. The argument relates to how culture, reproduced through socialization mainly as embodied habits, in times of dissonance between the lived experience of day-to-day action and its cultural “structure”, surface and thus is made discursive. Relics from the period of “sacred origins” are reused to formulate a new culture bearing narrative. In the argument the profession of archaeology is used as a metaphor for this view of an objectified past. The paper thus is a commentary on the concept of Modernity, here comprehended not only as a unique, recent event in Western Europe but as in as cycles of societal crises resulting in stronger emphasis on “historical reflexion” and objectification.

  • 17.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Chemical etching of wear features on experimental quartz tools1988In: Scanning Electron Microscopy in Archaeology. / [ed] Sandra Olsen, Oxford: B.A.R. , 1988, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 117-153Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By etching use wear features on experimental quartz tools followed by an analysis using the scanning electron microscope at magnifications betwen 1000x and 5000x, it is shown that de genesis of differt types of wear can be better postulated.

  • 18.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Convention and lithic analysis1998In: Third Flint Alternatives Conference at Uppsala / [ed] Lena Holm & Kjel Knutsson, Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia , 1998, p. 71-95Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Given the notion of the scientific discource as a culture comparable to the world of social practices by wich we normally live, this culture might be seen as a structural process open to cultural critique by a defamiliarization process. This proces, t is stated, is initiated by a etrn to the conditions that helped to produce central categories that are recursively employed within the practice. It is further stated that, to be able to formulate a critique and a reconstruction of new, meaningful categories, it is important to de define the field of interest and to re-enact or re-live the conditions that can give meaning to this type of classification.

    Using an example from lithic analyses in Scandinavia during the past tree decades, it is shown how a tradition of categorization of lithic artefacts based on flint assemblages in southernmost Scandinavia has ben recursively recreatedin scientific education and thus has taken thee form of a culture. This construction of a scientific culture has involuntarily been employed to depress the unique character of the north Scandinavian, non-flint assemblages and has structured the interpretation of the north Scandinavian hunter-gatherer societies as a whole.

    By returning to the situations in which lithics are produced and used, it has been possible to break down the categories which served to disguise a meaningful pattern in the alte5rnative raw maerials and to further a new interpretation of therse materials in relation to their unique character.

  • 19.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Culture and long term history:: the handle core tradition as a possible prehistoric institution and its materialized context2009In: Svartkärret 1-3: Tre mellanmesolitiska lägerplatser i Närke / [ed] Darmark Kim; Guinar, Michel; Sundström, Lars; Vogel, Pierre, Uppsala: Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis , 2009, p. 150-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the paper is discussed the possible relationship between complex lithic technologies, material culture and social institutions. Based on the investigation of a newly excavated late mesolithic site and an experimental replication, it is suggested that lithic technologies can be discussed in terms of social institutions and that future discussions of these mundane practices should try to contextualize them and relate them to cultural processes in prehistoric societies.

  • 20.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Erfarenhetsarkeologi-experimentell arkeologi: Om att bygga experimentella analogier med exemple från studiet av slitspår på stenredskap1989In: Kontakstencil, Umeå, 1989, p. 99-108Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Ett jaktpass för 6000 år sedan vid Skumparberget II1995Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Experiment med förhistoriska stenredskap1982In: Fjölnir, ISSN 0281-3386, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 5-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    The use of experimental analogies in archaeology is discussed based on the authors experience from the study of prehistoric lithic assemblages and experimentation.

  • 23.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Experimental archaeology at Uppsala university 1971-2008: some personal reflectionsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the paper is discussed the growth of experimental archaeology in the Nordic countries but with special reference to Uppsala university. The focus is personal histories and on a more general level, the subjects relation to culture theory and epistemology.

  • 24.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Fjölnir experimentvecka1982In: Fjölnir, ISSN 0281-3386, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 8-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    The archaeological students association is presented with information about the arrangement of a week with  experimentation reconstructing stone age crafts.

  • 25.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Funktionsanalys av flintspån från stridsyxegravar i Vikletice i,Tjeckiska republiken.1995In: Slutvandrat?: aspekter på övergången från rörlig till bofast tillvaro, Uppsala: Societas archaeologica Upsaliensis , 1995, p. 221-225Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Garaselet-Lappviken-Rastklippan: Introduktion till en diskussion om Norrlands Äldsta Bebyggelse1993In: TOR, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 25, p. 5-51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Kuumbi Cave Lithics2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    A lithic analysis of material from a stratigraphic sequence from the cave site Kuumbi on Zanzibar, Tanzania is presented. It can be concluded that three distinct raw materials and reduction strategies have been used, related to different time periods. A simple, opportunistic limestone assemblage in the uppermost part of the sequence belong to the Iron Age, a bipolar on anvil strategy based on small quartz nodules may relate to a LSA occupation and finally a set of bifacial flakes in the lowermost part of the sequence may relate to a MSA horizon older than 22 000 yrs before present.

  • 28.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Några arbetsideer i samband med bearbetningen av Bjurseletfynden1986In: Enkelgravstid/stridsyxetid i Danmark och Skåne / [ed] C. Adamsen & C. Ebbesen, 1986Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Sammanfogning av flintor från de nordsvenska flintfyndplatserna: Belägg för Kombewa-metoden i Kusmark och Kallbäcken1986In: Fjölnir, ISSN 0281-3386, Vol. 2, p. 5-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The refitting of a middle Neolithic flint assemblage from Västerbotten, northern Sweden is presented. The Chaine Operatoire of the material shows that the knappers on the site came from southern Scandinavia.

  • 30.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Seminariegrävningarna i Hässelby 1978-19811982In: Fjölnir, ISSN 0281-3386, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 5-Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The excavation of a viking period burial ground with and underlying settlement site from the same period is presented.

  • 31.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Skrapor och skrapning: Ett exempel på artefakt och boplatsanalys1978In: Tor, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 17Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The paper presents a functional analysis of flint scrapers from the Late Glacial Ahrensburgian settlement Borneck Ost in northern Germany. Based on this information the intra site spatial activity structure is discussed.

  • 32.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Yttopografiska studier av förhistoriska stenredskap 1: Plastavtryck för dokumentation och analys av nötningsspår1983In: Tor, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 19, p. 5-32Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of acetate peels in lithic use-wear analysis is discussed.

  • 33.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Yttopografiska studier av förhistoriska stenredskap 3: Svepelektronmikroskopi av experimentella kvartsredskap. Exemepl på urlakning, utfällning, deformering och mekanisk nötning1985In: Tor, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 10, p. 45-73Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    A scanning elecron microsopic investigation of experimental quarrtz tools is presented. The wear features defind within the magnification range 200-2000 x, shows that the wear has many different origins, mechanical breakage, chemical processes and deformation processes related to frictional heat.

  • 34.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Callahan, Errett
    Forsberg, Lars
    Lindgren, Christina
    Frakturbilder.: Kulturhistoriska kommentarer till kvarts säregna sönderfall vid bearbetning1992In: Tor, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 25, p. 27-63Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Dahlqvist, Bengt
    Knutsson, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Patterns of Tool Use1988In: British Archaeology Reports: international series, no 411Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Karlsson, Gert
    Yttopografiska studier av förhistoriska stenredskap 2: Två experiment med automatisk registrering av nötningsglans1983In: Tor, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 19, p. 33-48Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Knutson, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Stone Age Transitions: Neolithzation in central Scandinavia2003In: Documenta Praehistorica, ISSN 1408-967X, Vol. XXX, p. 49-78Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is a summary of the Uppsala part of a series of individual research projects in connection with a joint research program, “Coast to Coast - Stone Age Societies in change”, carried out as collaboration between the Departments of archaeology in Uppsala, Göteborg, Lund and Stockholm. It covers the cultural development in Central Scandinavia in the early part of the Holocene, from the deglaciation (8000 cal BC) to the Late Neolithic (1800 cal BC). The historical substrate, the socio/spatial structures of hunter gatherer groups in the area, decisive for the character of the neolithization is discussed in terms of marriage networks between different exogamous bands and the development of a lineage-based society. Other themes taken up in the project is changes in relation to hunter gatherer social ideologies, the importance of history in cultural reproduction and change, the reuse of the past, social tensions and gender structures as expressed in the built environment, material culture as vehicles for power struggles and craft specialization in stratified societies. The paper ends with a critical evaluation of archaeology. The search for origins lures us to see what needs to be seen in prehistory. It is stated that the past has always been returned to and made active in socio-political processes; the modern world we live in is no exception.

  • 38.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Chaine Operatoire analys av utvalda artefakter från Knöklegård, Porsgrunn kommune, Telemark fylke: En undersökning av tillverkning och användning2011In: E18 Brunlanesprojektet: Lokalitetsbeskrivelser. Tidigmesolitikum og senere perioder / [ed] Jaksland Lasse, Oslo: Kulturhistorisk museum, Fornminnessektionen, Universitetet i Oslo , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    In  the paper a Chaine Operatoire analysis of points from the late Neolithic site Nöklegård in southern Norway is presented. It is concluded that the points have been used as scrapers and reamers.

  • 39.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Chaine Operatoire analys av utvalda flintartefakter från pauler 1 och 6, Larvik kommune, Vestfold fylke: Enn undersökning av tillverkning och användning2011In: E18 Brunlanesprojektet / [ed] Jaksland, Lasse, Oslo: Kulturhistorisk museum, fornminnessektionen, universitetet i Oslo , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The paper is the presentation od functional and technological analyses of Early mesolithic points from the Pauler site in southern Norway

  • 40.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Cognitive tool categories in prehistoric quartz assemblages: The analysis of fracture patterns and use wear in a case study of Stone Age sites from Eastern Central Sweden.2009In: Ve službách archeologie: sbornik k 60. narozeninám Vladimíra Haška / [ed] Pavel Kouřil, Rostislav Nekuda & Vladimír Hašek, Brno, 2009, Vol. 1, p. 10--25Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a possible strategy for the identification of prehistoric cognitive quartz tool categories among flakes and flake fragments found on Stone Age sites. Use-wear and fracture pattern analysis of 543 artefacts from 21 Mesolithic and Neolithic Stone age sites in Eastern Central Sweden form the basis of the discussion. It is initially assumed that the type of fractures and formal qualities of flakes are decisive regarding which pieces were selected for use. It could be concluded that most tools are unmodified flakes and that as much as 50% of the total flaked, but unmodified assemblage on some of the sites, have been used as tools. A range of uses to which these tools had been put could thus be interpreted. Another important result of this study is that the initially hypothesised relationship between certain types of fractures and specific use was refuted. Flake and flake fragments are most likely, and not surprisingly, used for different purposes based on edge qualities, rather than on formal qualities of the flake or flake fragment. Distinct cognitive categories seem to be present as certain types continuously show up among the flakes with use-wear in the investigated assemblages.

     

  • 41.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Pressure and punched blades in non-flint materials.: Chaine Opératoire analysis of Middle Mesolithic Blade Assemblages from Central Sweden2012In: Proceedings of the Eight Conference of the Mesolithic in Europe, Santander, Spain 14-18 september 2010. / [ed] Pablo Arias, Santander, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a Chaine Operatoire analysis of previously only preliminary discussed blade assemblages from Central Sweden is presented. The material derive mainly from a collection of stray finds in Dalecarlia and Hä'rjedalen, Central Sweden and consists of blade cores, blades and debitage in local raw materials such as tuff, metamorphous tuff, jasper, quartzite and porphyry. Three, possibly four different core treatment practices are defined and preliminary comparative analysis shows that the material has strong resemblances to Middle mesolithic blade assemblages from southern Norway, western Sweden and with Preboreal finds from northern Finland. It is hypothesised that a major part of the blade assemblage resepresents adaption to local raw materials as the first flint using pioneers settled this area as the Weichselian ice retreated during the Preboreal and early Boreal 

  • 42.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Knutssson, Helena
    Guinard, Michel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Holmgren, Lars
    Klamke, Detlef
    Proffs och amatörer i Torsåker2010In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, Vol. 28, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln presenteras pågående grävningar på mellan- och senmesolitiska fyndlokaler i Torsåker i Gästrikland. Här tas även upp det inter nordiska vetenskapliga nätverk Nordic BladeTechnology Network till vilket forskarguppen är ansluten.

  • 43.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Linde, Christer
    Post-depositional alterations of wear marks on quartz tools: Preliminary observations on an experiment with aeolian abrasion1990In: Les silex de sa genése à ´outil: Actes du V Colloque international sur Silex, 1990, p. 607-618Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Lindgren, Christina
    Hallgren, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Björck, Niklas
    The Mesolithic in Eastern Central Sweden1999In: Universitetets Oldsakssamlings Skrifter. Ny rekke: The mesolithic of Central Scandinavia, Vol. 22Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Lindgren, Christina
    Hallgren, Fredrik
    Björck, Niklas
    The mesolithic in Eastern Central Sweden1999In: Universitetets Oldsaksamlings Skrifter, ISSN 0806-3907, Vol. 22, no -, p. 87-125Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A survey of all Mesolithic sites in Eastern middle Sweden with a discussion of recent debates and new publications on c-14 datings, faunal assemblages, social networks, intra site analysis, lithic analysis.

  • 46.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Manninen, Mikael
    Arkeologi, Helsingfors universitet.
    Northern inland oblique point sites: A new look at the late mesolithic oblique point tradition in eastern fennoscandiaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to make the first comprehensive survey of inland sites with oblique points in the northernmost parts of Fennoscandia. The chronological and technological relation of these points with similar points from Mesolithic contexts discussed in earlier Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish studies is also assessed. After a presentation and analysis of the available data it is concluded that the oblique points on the northern inland sites date mainly between c. 5800−4700 calBC. It is further suggested that the discussed points in fact belong to a technological tradition that extended over the whole of eastern and northern Fennoscandia during the Late Mesolithic.

     

     

  • 47.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Uleberg, Espen
    Welinder, Stig
    One fine day in the Norwegian mountains.1990In: Universitetets Oldsaksamlings Årbok, p. 61-69Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Knutsson, Kjell
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Knutsson, Helena
    The postglacial colonization of humans, fauna and plants in northern Sweden2012In: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 13, p. 004618 461003-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a re-evaluation of the pioneer settlement of Scandinavia following the melting of the Weichselian ice sheet during the late Glacial/Preboreal. The preliminary results of the swedish part of an inter-Nordic research project are presented focussiong on analyses of previously only preliminary discussed assemblages from central Sweden. A preliminary comparative analysis showws that the material has resemblances to Middle Mesolithic blade assemblages from southern Norway and western Sweden and thus represents the first pioneers settling this area during the Preboreal and early Boreal.  

  • 49.
    Manninen, Mikael
    et al.
    a Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 59, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland .
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Lithic raw material diversification as an adaptive strategy: Technology, mobility, and site structure in Late Mesolithic northernmost Europe2014In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, ISSN 0278-4165, E-ISSN 1090-2686, Vol. 33, p. 84-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fi]

    Formal technologies and intensified reduction are often seen as responses to increased mobility and low abundance of lithic raw material of good flakeability and controllability. Although patterns of lithic raw material availability and occurrence are in many ways analogous to those of subsistence resources, resource diversification, an adaptive strategy commonly discussed in relation to food procurement, is rarely discussed in connection to changes in lithic resource availability and technology. We present a case from northernmost Europe in which pronounced differences in raw material availability caused by a distinct geological setting existed within a relatively small area. We conclude that restricted availability of high-quality raw material due, for instance, to increased mobility or changes in the size or location of the foraging range does not necessarily lead to formalization and intensification and can, in certain situations, as in the studied case, lead to the application of an adaptive strategy that can be called raw material diversification. This strategy entails a widening of the raw material base to include raw materials of lower workability and a consequent alteration of existing technological concepts, often in the form of simplification and informalization.

  • 50. Moback, Hanna
    et al.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    I framtidens fotspår: Ett förmedlingsprojekt vid Vuollerim 6000 år. Genomfört 1999-20002000Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Ett förmedlingsprojekt finansierat genom EU:s mål 6 fonder redovisas. I anslutning till presentationen av det arkeologiska materialet från undersökningen av en 6000 år gammal hyddbotten vid Vuollerim i Lappland, har en ny utställning byggt, ett ny multimediaföreställning producerats och ett nytt multimedialt spel för skolor tagits fram.

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