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  • 1.
    Blankenburg Holm, Desiree
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Drogendijk, Rian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Hohenthal, Jukka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Holm, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Johanson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The internationalization processes of the firm: a new research agenda2009In: Research on Knowledge, Innovation and Internationalization / [ed] Jorma Larimo and Tiia Vissak, Bingley: Emerald , 2009, 3-20 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the fundamental assumptions and features of the Uppsala model of internationalization and argue that we need to look beyond this model for studying internationalization processes in the multinational corporations (MNCs) of today. The purpose of our paper is to identify gaps and neglected issues regarding MNCs' internationalization processes that demand further theoretical and empirical study. Our approach is conceptual: based on the most cited model on internationalization, the Uppsala model, we approach the complex internationalization processes that continously go on in modern MNCs. We use related bodies of literature, on MNC structure and strategy, headquarters-subsidiary relationships, MNC subsidiary strategy development, and opportunity seeking and entrepreneurship, to fill in the gaps and develop the emerging research themes. We identify the following three issues that need further investigation: the opportunity recognition process preceding internationalization processes in MNCs, the internationalization of multiple products within the confines of the growing MNC, and the internationalization of foreign MNC units. In this paper, we open up new research fields but do not offer empirical stuydies to inform us about these relevant issues. Future research should study these issues empirically, preferably through case study methologies an/or with longitudinal designs. The contribution of our paper is its identification of three research issues in relation to internationalization processes of modern MNCs, which we argue are neglected by contemporary reseach.

  • 2.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Cantwell, John
    Rutgers University.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The adventurous gene: Technological imprinting in the international growth of the multinational corporation.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore the notion of imprinting in the multinational corporation (MNC), specifically how during the brief period when foreign subsidiaries turn into technologically advanced units they are influenced by the technological activities carried out at headquarters and home country units. We hypothesize and empirically show that during that period of transition the degree of adventurousness or explorative intensity of home country units is replicated and has a long-lasting effect on the type of technological work carried out by the foreign subsidiaries. The results suggest the systematic transfer of an ‘adventurous gene’ in the international growth of the MNC, with potentially broader implications for the study of foreign subsidiary development and a furthering of the evolutionary theory of the MNC.

  • 3.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Animal farm: On the diffusion of technological capabilities and the theory of the MNC2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Exploring the drivers of "superstar" foreign subsidiaries of the MNC2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Gone are the creatures of yesteryear? On the diffusion of technological capabilities in the ‘modern’ MNC2017In: Journal of world business (Print), ISSN 1090-9516, E-ISSN 1878-5573, Vol. 52, no 1, 1-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper probes the extent to which the rise of the ‘modern’ multinational corporation (MNC) has come with significantly altered patterns in the emergence and diffusion of technological capabilities across units of the MNC network. It draws upon a database containing the complete U.S. patenting history of 24 Swedish multinationals over the 1946–2008 period, which allows us to trace both the emergence and subsequent intra-firm diffusion of technological capabilities throughout the post-war period. The findings show that, over time, foreign subsidiaries have become an increasingly important source of new technological capabilities within the MNC network, and also indicate that the overall pace of capability diffusion has become faster over the observed time period. Notably, however, the results reveal substantial heterogeneity of individual firms’ approaches to organizing and managing technological capabilities within the MNC network. The relationship between evolutionary change and strategic choice emerges as a continually relevant issue in the organization and management of technology in the modern MNC.

  • 6.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Gone are the creatures of yesteryear? On the diffusion of technological capabilities in the modern MNC2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Gone are the creatures of yesteryear?: On the diffusion of technological capabilities in the modern MNC2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research note probes the notion that the emergence of the ‘modern’ multinational corporation (MNC) has resulted in an increasingly rapid diffusion of technological capabilities across units of the multinational network. It draws upon a database containing the complete U.S. patenting history of 24 Swedish multinationals over the 1946-2008 period, which allows us to trace both the emergence and subsequent diffusion of technological capabilities as they have occurred and evolved throughout the post-war period. The findings reveal no significant change in diffusion patterns, suggesting that certain aspects of the ways in which the MNC uses and manages its technological capabilities have not changed dramatically over the past decades.

  • 8.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Growth Engines of the Multinational Corporation - A Longitudinal Study of the Sources of Entry into New Technologies in Foreign LocationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the technological and strategic renewal of the multinational corporation (MNC), specifically how different types of entry and investment strategies in foreign locations contribute to the entry into technologies that are new to the entire multinational group. Repeated events analyses of the complete U.S. patenting activity in 173 foreign locations of 21 Swedish multinationals over the 1893-1990 period reveal a substantially higher likelihood of entry into new technologies among locations represented by acquired subsidiaries. Implications for strategy and management of the MNC are discussed.

  • 9.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Growth engines of the multinational corporation: a longitudinal study of the drivers of entry into new technologies in foreign locations2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the technological and strategic renewal of the multinational corporation (MNC), specifically how greenfield and acquired subsidiaries in foreign locations contribute to the entry into technologies that are new to the entire multinational group. Repeated events analyses of the complete U.S. patenting activity in 173 foreign locations of 21 Swedish multinationals over the 1893-1990 period reveal a substantially higher likelihood of entry into new technologies among locations represented by acquired units. Implications for strategy and management of the MNC are discussed.

  • 10.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Growth engines of the multinational corporation: a longitudinal study of the sources of entry into new technologies in foreign locations2008In: Proceedings of the 50th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business: Knowledge development and exchange in international business networks / [ed] John Cantwell, Tunga Kiyak, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the technological and strategic renewal of the multinational corporation, specifically how different types of entry and investment strategies in foreign locations contribute to the entry into technologies that are new to the entire multinational group. Repeated events analyses of the complete U.S. patenting activity in 173 foreign locations of 21 Swedish multinationals over the 1893-1990 period reveal a substantially higher likelihood of entry into new technologies among locations represented by acquired subsidiareies. Implications for strategy and management of the MNC are discussed.

  • 11.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    On the emergence and diffusion of technological capabilities and the theory of the MNC2015In: Management International, Vol. 19, no 4, 95-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper intersects extant theories of the MNC with empirically observed patterns in the intra-company emergence and diffusion of technological capabilities. It draws upon a database containing the complete patenting history of 24 Swedish multinationals over the 1890-2008 period, which allows for the identification of when and where in the multinational organization new technological capabilities first emerged, and when and to where they subsequently diffused into other units of the multinational organization. The results reveal an increasing share of foreign-introduced technological capabilities, as well as distinctive and differentiated diffusion patterns across headquarters, greenfield subsidiaries, and acquired units in the MNC group. We conclude that a theory of the MNC should recognize the shift towards more equal conditions for the generation of new technology within the multinational organization, but that within this overall development some conspicuous inequalities in intra-company capability diffusion remain to be accounted for.

  • 12.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Quo vadis?: The entry into new technologies by foreign subsidiaries of the multinational corporation2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the evolution of technological capabilities in foreign subsidiaries of the multinational corporation. We specifically test for the existence of patterns in the timing of entry into new technologies in foreign subsidiaries which have once proven their capacity to contribute significantly to the strategic development of the multinational group. Event history analysis of the complete patenting activities by 157 foreign subsidiaries of 21 Swedish multinationals over the 1893-1990 period reveals statistically significant acceleration of entry into new technologies at relatively moderate hazard rates. The results lend support for established theorizing around the evolution of technological capabilities in foreign subsidiaries, but question extreme views on the growing strategic importance of foreign subsidiaries of the multinational corporation.

  • 13.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Quo Vadis? The Entry into New Technologies in Advanced Foreign Subsidiaries of the Multinational CorporationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The international business literature has identified the overall emergence of technologically advanced foreign subsidiaries of the multinational corporation (MNC), but little is known about the extent to which individual subsidiaries are able to sustain their contribution to the technological and strategic renewal of the multinational group. This paper empirically investigates longitudinal patterns in advanced foreign subsidiaries’ entry into technologies that are new to the entire multinational group. Repeated events analysis that draws upon the complete U.S. patenting by 157 foreign subsidiaries of 21 Swedish multinationals over the period 1893-1990 reveals accelerated entry into new technologies, but at moderate hazard rates. The results lend support for established theorizing about the evolution of technological capabilities in foreign subsidiaries, but question extreme views on the growing strategic importance of advanced foreign subsidiaries of the multinational corporation.

  • 14.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Quo Vadis?: The entry into new technologies in advanced foreign subsidiaries of the multinational enterprise2010In: Journal of International Business Studies, ISSN 0047-2506, E-ISSN 1478-6990, Vol. 41, no 9, 1525-1549 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The international business literature has identified the overall emergence of technologically advanced foreign subsidiaries of the multinational enterprise (MNE), but little is known about the extent to which individual subsidiaries are able to sustain their contribution to the technological and strategic renewal of the multinational group. This paper takes on this neglected question by empirically investigating longitudinal patterns in advanced foreign subsidiaries’ entry into technologies that are new to the entire multinational group. Repeated events analysis that draws upon the complete US patenting by 211 greenfield subsidiaries of 21 Swedish multinationals over the period 1893–2008 reveals accelerated entry into new technologies, but at moderate hazard rates. The results lend support for established theorizing about the evolution of technological capabilities in greenfield subsidiaries, but question extreme views on their growing strategic importance for the MNE. It appears instead that significant additions to the technological and strategic renewal of the multinational group should be discussed in the context of a select number of “superstar” subsidiaries, not necessarily what are believed to be general developments across all subsidiaries of the MNE.

  • 15.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Revisiting the Sherwood forest2007In: Symposium on the contemporary MNC, Uppsala University, Sweden, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Superstar inventors - Towards a people-centric perspective on the geography of technological renewal in the multinational corporation2014In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 43, no 4, 669-682 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops a people-centric perspective on the geographical dispersion of technological renewal in the multinational corporation (MNC). We contend that a large proportion of all foreign technological advancements can be attributed to a handful of individual inventors, suggesting a blockbuster effect of subsidiary technological development. This suggests that analyses carried out at the subsidiary or firm level disguise significant yet largely unexplored variation in the technological contributions made by individual members of these foreign units. To support this proposition, the paper draws upon an original data set that comprises all of the advanced foreign subsidiaries of 21 Swedish MNCs between 1893 and 2008, and follows their patenting activity in order to document the distribution of inventive activity, both across and within individual subsidiaries. The findings at the subsidiary level show that the distribution of technological activity and contribution to the overall multinational group is significantly skewed; the paper then empirically explores the assumption that a similar distribution also applies at the level of individual inventors. The results point to a pattern whereby most inventors make only occasional and limited technological contributions and, instead, more significant numbers of new technological discoveries are attributable to a select group of exceptionally inventive individuals. In the light of the results, we suggest the fruitfulness of applying a people-centric perspective on the sources of sustained competitive advantage of the MNC, the management of geographically dispersed capabilities in the multinational network, and the geographical sources of technological renewal in the MNC.

  • 17.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Superstar inventors in foreign subsidiaries of the MNC2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Superstar subsidiaries of the MNC: in search of origins and underlying drivers2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Superstar Subsidiaries of the Multinational Corporation: In Search of Origins and Drivers2012In: Innovation and Growth: From R&D Strategies of Innovating Firms to Economy-wide Technological Change / [ed] Martin Andersson, Borje Johansson, Charlie Karlsson and Hans Loof, Oxford University Press, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Win, Place, or Show?: How Foreign Investment Strategies Contribute to the Technological Growth of the Multinational Corporation2014In: Long range planning, ISSN 0024-6301, E-ISSN 1873-1872, Vol. 47, no 1-2, 16-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the sources of technological growth of the multinational corporation. We conceptualize and shed empirical light on whether foreign investment strategies based on advanced greenfield subsidiaries, acquired subsidiaries, or a combination of both increase the likelihood of entry into technologies that represent new additions to the MNC’s technology portfolio. Repeated events analyses of the complete U.S. patenting activity in 226 foreign locations of 21 Swedish multinationals reveal a substantially higher likelihood of entry into new technologies among investment strategies based on foreign acquisitions, as opposed to investment strategies based on greenfield establishments only. To the extent MNC managers seek to enhance technological and strategic renewal through the expansion of foreign operations, the findings suggest that foreign investment strategies that involve the use of acquisitions are and should be the preferred alternative.

  • 21.
    Blomkvist, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Kappen, Philip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Win, place, or show?: How foreign market entry strategies contribute to the technological growth of the multinational corporation2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the sources of technological growth of the multinational corporation. We conceptualize and shed empirical light on whether foreign investment strategies based on advanced greenfield subsidiaries, acquired subsidiaries, or a combination of both increase the likelihood of entry into technologies that represent new additions to the MNC’s technology portfolio. Repeated events analyses of the complete U.S. patenting activity in 226 foreign locations of 21 Swedish multinationals reveal a substantially higher likelihood of entry into new technologies among investment strategies based on foreign acquisitions, as opposed to investment strategies based on greenfield establishments only. To the extent MNC managers seek to enhance technological and strategic renewal through the expansion of foreign operations, the findings suggest that foreign investment strategies that involve the use of acquisitions are and should be the preferred alternative.

  • 22. Bureau, Sylvain
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Entrepreneurship as an art of subversion2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 30, no 1, 124-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes subversion and resistance as two fundamental aspects of entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial process. Taking a start in the established notion of subversive activities in art, we outline their main expressions and consequences in the entrepreneurship setting. We further address the accompanying issue of resistance, and define and illustrate its role in art and the introduction of novel business ideas. Ultimately arriving at the concept of artful entrepreneurship, we suggest the analysis of subversion and resistance as a promising but so far neglected avenue of research in entrepreneurship studies.

  • 23. Czernich, Christian
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The framing of new business concepts in established corporations2007Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on corporate venturing has identified framing as an important tool in the intrapreneur’s attempt to introduce new business concepts in the established corporation. Yet, there has been little systematic empirical evidence on the nature and extent of the phenomenon. This paper presents empirical evidence on the framing associated with 49 new business concepts introduced in 18 Swedish firms. The results show that, somewhat contrary to expectations, intrapreneurs tend to emphasize opportunity rather than threat and novelty rather than commonality in the framing of their new business concepts. Cluster analysis suggests the existence of three types of intrapreneurs in terms of their framing approaches, with the majority of cases representing an approach characterized by a high degree of emphasis on opportunity and novelty. The combined findings suggest a baseline approach to framing which focuses on opportunity and novelty, but also differences in typical framing approaches across groups of intrapreneurs.

  • 24. Czernich, Christian
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The framing of new business concepts in established corporations: An exploratory investigation2010In: Entrepreneurship and the creation of small firms: Empirical studies of new ventures / [ed] Carin Holmquist and Johan Wiklund, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Both researchers and practitioners have recognized the importance of framing when new business concepts are launched within established corporations. Yet, the extant literature contains limited systematic evidence on how intrapreneurs go about framing their new business concepts and the implications for survival of the new concepts in the host corporations. This paper presents empirical evidence on the framing of 49 new business concepts introduced in 18 established corporations and its survival implications. The results reveal that intrapreneurs generally prefer framing approaches that emphasize opportunity and novelty over approaches that emphasize threat and commonality. Three specific framing approaches are identified: active-strategic, active-optimistic, and passive. Preliminary analyses suggest no direct effects of the three framing approaches on the survival of the new business concepts in the host corporations. The findings provide baseline information about how intrapreneurs go about framing new business concepts in established corporations, inviting further empirical work in this largely under-researched area of entrepreneurship research.

  • 25. Czernich, Christian
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The intraorganizational ecology of corporate entrepreneurship2009In: 2009 Annual Meeting Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the intraorganizational ecology of corporate entrepreneurship. Drawing on the literature on variation, selection, and retention, we conceptualize the selection of new business ventures within the established firm as a multi-level and differentiated process, and develop a set of propositions about the determinants of the likelihood of survival of new business ventures.

  • 26.
    Drogendijk, Rian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Johanson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Hohenthal, Jukka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Holm, Desirée
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Holm, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The internationalization processes of the firm: A new research agenda2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Hashai, Niron
    et al.
    Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Dynamics in the vertical and horizontal scope of high technology new ventures: A knowledge-based view2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28. Lindqvist, Maria
    et al.
    Sölvell, Örjan
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Local and Global Perspectives on the Innovation Process: Knowledge Exchange in International Firms1996Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 29. Lindqvist, Maria
    et al.
    Sölvell, Örjan
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Technological Advantage in the International Firm: Local and Global Perspectives on the Innovation Process2000In: Management International Review, Vol. 2000/1, 95-126 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30. Malmberg, Anders
    et al.
    Sölvell, Örjan
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Spatial Clustering, Local Accumulation of Knowledge and Firm Competitiveness1996In: Geografiska Annaler, Vol. 78 B, no 2, 85-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Malmberg, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Sölvell, Örjan
    Zander, Ivo
    Department of Business Studies.
    Spatial Clustering, Local Accumulation of Knowledge and Firm Competitiveness2004In: Globalization and the Location of firms., Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2004Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32. Mathews, John A.
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The international entrepreneurial dynamics of accelerated internationalization2007In: Journal of International Business Studies, ISSN 0047-2506, E-ISSN 1478-6990, Vol. 38, no 3, 387-403 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New forms of international business and multinational enterprises continue to be observed, and finding ways to account for their appearance constitutes a continuing challenge for IB scholars. In this paper we aim to delineate an emerging field of IB scholarship; we focus on the appearance of international new ventures, and the phenomenon of early and accelerated internationalization that they feature, as one that has slipped through the net of some of the existing IB frameworks. We propose that the salient features of accelerated internationalization are best captured in a framework that emphasizes international entrepreneurial dynamics (IED), advocating an approach that captures new realities of the international economy and can provide direction and focus in a promising and growing field in the international business literature. We discuss IED in terms of entry points and pathways mapped by firms as they probe the international business arena, and the key factors that impinge on behavior and strategic choices. In line with recent developments in the entrepreneurship literature, these are grouped into three milestones of entrepreneurial processes that extend across national boundaries: (1) the discovery of new opportunities, (2) the deployment of resources in the exploitation of these opportunities, and (3) the engagement with competitors. Implications for MNE and internationalization theory are discussed.

  • 33. Mathews, John
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    International Entrepreneurial Dynamics: Delineating a New Field of Scholarship2004Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 34. Nobel, Robert
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Horizontal Joint Ventures in International Markets: The Case of Gas Control Equipment and Bulten AB1987In: The Challenge of Cooperative Ventures, Gotab, Stockholm , 1987Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Scherdin, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, IvoUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Art Entrepreneurship2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Scherdin, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Art Entrepreneurship: An Introduction2011In: Art Entrepreneurship / [ed] Scherdin, M., Zander, I., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, 1-9 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Scherdin, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Emerging themes and new research openings2011In: Art Entrepreneurship / [ed] Scherdin, M., Zander, I., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, 169-186 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Scherdin, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    On the Role and Importance of Core Assumptions in the Field of Entrepreneurship Research: A Neurophilosophical Perspective2014In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 20, no 3, 216-236 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Entrepreneurship researchers have recently engaged in discussions on the boundaries and legitimacy of the field of entrepreneurship research but have overlooked the significance and implications of core assumptions. The purpose of this paper is to invite a more focussed discussion on the role of assumptions in the field of entrepreneurship research and how such assumptions may contribute to the formation of a more distinctive, legitimate, and rapidly advancing field of research. Design/methodology/approach – The paper draws upon the neurophilosophy literature to delineate one possible set of core assumptions about the individual and her engagement with the environment, which the paper suggests could serve as a starting point for continued and more explicit discussions about the nature and role of assumptions than existed in the past. Findings – Implications for theory development, knowledge accumulation, and the distinctiveness of the field of entrepreneurship research are discussed. Originality/value – The paper develops the connection between neurophilosophy and entrepreneurship research and focuses attention on an underemphasized element in the debate on the boundaries and legitimacy of the field of entrepreneurship research.

  • 39.
    Scherdin, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The dynamics of resistance: Lessons from the SCI ARS project2014In: The highways and byways to radical innovation : Design perspectives / [ed] P. Rind Christensen, S. Junginger, Design School Kolding & University of Southern Denmark , 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Scherdin, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The Roots of the Domain of Entrepreneurship Research2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapidly growing domain of entrepreneurship has lacked a clear statement of fundamental assumptions to guide theoretical development. In this paper, we delineate a set of assumptions about the individual we see as central to the domain and the development of theory that is distinct and consistent across various branches and applications. We suggest that a set of commonly accepted assumptions that harmonizes with the phenomena under study is of critical importance for entrepreneurship to develop into a distinct and vigorous domain of social science.

  • 41.
    Scherdin, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The Roots of the Domain of Entrepreneurship Research2006In: DIME Workshop on Technological Opportunities & Entrepreneurship.: Gothenburg, Sweden, May, 2006., 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The rapidly growing domain of entrepreneurship has lacked a clear statement of fundamental assumptions to guide theoretical development. In this paper, we delineate a set of assumptions about the individual we see as central to the domain and the development of theory that is distinct and consistent across various branches and applications. We suggest that a set of commonly accepted assumptions that harmonizes with the phenomena under study is of critical importance for entrepreneurship to develop into a distinct and vigorous domain of social science.

  • 42. Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Porter, Michael
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Creation of Competitive Firms and Industries in Sweden: The Role of domestic Rivalry1990Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 43. Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Advantage Sweden1991Book (Other scientific)
  • 44. Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    European Myopia1991In: Corporate and Industry Strategies for Europe, Elsevier Science Publishers , 1991Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45. Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Increasing Competition in International Markets: - Strategic Response Patterns of Swedish Multinational Enterprises1985Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 46. Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    International Competitiveness in a Dynamic Perspective: The Swedish Heavy Truck Industry1987Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 47. Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    International Diffusion of Knowledge: Isolating Mechanisms and the Role of the MNE1998In: The Dynamic Firm: The Role of Technology, Strategy, Organization, and Regions, Oxford University Press , 1998Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48. Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Organization of the Dynamic Multinational Enterprise: The Home Based and the Heterarchical MNE1995In: Journal of International Studies of Management & Organization, Vol. 25, no 1-2, 17-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Successful Competition from the Periphery: The Case of Swedish Multinational Enterprises1997In: Competing from the Periphery: Core Issues in International Business, The Dryden Press , 1997Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 50. Sölvell, Örjan
    et al.
    Zander, IvoUppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    The Dynamic Multinational Firm1995Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
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