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  • 1.
    Cornell, Svante
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies. Programmet för Sidenvägstudier.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies. Programmet för Sidenvägstudier.
    Sverige ignorerar narkotikahotet2005In: Uppsala Nya Tidning, no 22 JuliArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Against the Grain: How Georgia Fought Corruption and What It Means2012Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 3.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Efter "transitionen": Kirgizistans postsovjetiska system2008In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 247-269Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Flirting with State Failure: Power and Politics in Kyrgyzstan since Independence2011Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Has the Fight against Corruption Started in Kyrgyzstan?2012In: Central Asia-Caucasus AnalystArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kyrgyzstan: Anatomy of a State2007In: Problems of Post-Communism, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 33-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stealing economic assets and political offices has become a permanent feature of the Kyrgyz political system.

  • 7.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies. Programmet för sidenvägsstudier.
    Ny demokratiseringsvåg2005In: Upsala Nya Tidning, Vol. 1 AprilArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    När korruption är normen2011In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173, no 2011-12-24, p. 7-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    The Political Sources of Kyrgyzstan’s Recent Unrest2013In: Central Asia-Caucasus AnalystArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent protests in Issyk-Kul and Jalal-Abad regions demanding the nationalization of Kumtor gold mine and the release of jailed members of parliament have demonstrated the limited ability of Kyrgyzstan’s central government to enforce law and order throughout the country. There are political sources of this social and economic instability, notably, Kyrgyzstan’s transformation to a semi-parliamentary system of government in 2010 has rooted out corrupt one-family rule but instituted a system of coalition-based corruption, where the country’s major economic, political and territorial assets are divided among political parties with a detrimental impact on their ability to govern the country.

  • 10.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    The State as Investment Market: A Framework for Interpreting the Post-Soviet State in Eurasia2015In: Governance. An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, ISSN 0952-1895, E-ISSN 1468-0491, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 25-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What type of state has emerged in post-Soviet Eurasia, and what kind of theoretical framework can help us understand its behavior and performance? This article argues that we can usefully understand the logic of political and administrative organization in terms of a kind of “investment market.” Access to the state is frequently determined by actual financial payment. Would-be officials invest in offices to obtain access to a stream of income associated with an office. This framework represents a novel perspective on the post-Soviet state, which has hitherto either been premised on modernization theory or emphasized a robustly personalistic logic of political organization.

  • 11.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The State as Investment Market: An Analytical Framework for Interpreting Politics and Bureaucracy in Kyrgyzstan2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What type of state has emerged in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan, and what kind of theoretical framework must we develop to understand its behavior and performance? This study argues that the logic of political and bureaucratic organization follows that of an investment market in which public offices are purchased with the expectation of yielding a favorable return. This theory represents a novel perspective on the post-communist state which has hitherto either been premised on modernization theory or emphasized a robustly personalistic logic of political organization.

    There is a serial of linkages to this argument. First, the decisive factor for public employment is unofficial financial payments rather than merits or personal ties. The sums involved in the exchange are far greater than conventional “bribery.” The market for public offices, intimately connected from top to bottom in the state hierarchy, pertains to a much more unified system than the one found in the literature which treats political and administrative, high and low level corruption as distinct and unrelated forms. Second, individuals invest in public offices in order to convert the rights, assets and powers connected to officialdom into private capital. In this political economy, alternative markets for enrichment are subordinated to the state and poorly functioning. Third, the abundance of pecuniary corruption in Kyrgyzstan is standardized, entrenched and predictable norms of behavior in this type of state. The key to success on this market is the ability to control the supply of “public” goods and services in exchange for unofficial payments.

    Finally, the risk for systemic instability increases when more reasonably inclusive personal connections and money is no longer sufficient and access to the state for earning and investing is manipulated by narrow personalistic ties. This creates pressure for returning to a more competitive market as opposed to a monopolistic order.

    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 12.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies.
    The state under siege: The drug trade and organised crime in Tajikistan2006In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 827-854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the impact of the drug trade on security and stability in Tajikistan. In order to capture the multifaceted nature of this relationship, the effects on territory, population, state institutions, and the idea of the state are examined. The types of threats affecting these components of the state are discussed. These include societal security in the form of addiction and drug-related diseases; the military threat, most notably manifested by the merger of crime and terror; economic and political threats resulting from a criminalised economic and political system; and the relationship between the drug trade and the legitimacy of the state.

  • 13.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Why are public offices sold in Kyrgyzstan?2014In: Post-Soviet Affairs, ISSN 1060-586X, E-ISSN 1938-2855, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 67-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why are public offices for sale in Kyrgyzstan? To address this question, this article attempts to set out a new logic for understanding the motives, nature, and consequences of corruption in the country. Rather than securing access to a single favor through bribery, officials invest in political and administrative posts in order to obtain access to stream of rents associated with an office. Political and administrative corruption is organically linked in this system, and corruption stems not so much from weak monitoring as from being a franchise-like arrangement, where officials are required to pay continuous fees to their bosses. The key is to be the public official influencing the redistribution of rents as well as participating in the informal market where public goods are privatized and exchanged for informal payments. Thus, instead of control over the pure economic assets of the state, influence over the state's institutional and organizational framework is the dominant strategy for earning and investing in the country.

  • 14.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Государство как инвестиционный рынок: Осмысленние коррупции в Кыргызстане2013Book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Engvall, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies.
    Osmonaliev, Kairat
    Kyrgyz National University.
    Uncertain Future for Kyrgyzstan's Drug Control Agency2006In: Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst, Vol. 8, no 13, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Kyrgyzstan’s Drug Control Agency is a key entity in counter-narcotics in Central Asia. The DCA has the status of a law enforcement agency in its own right. It is nevertheless affected both by international and domestic politics. It is entirely funded by the United States, and continued uncertainty regarding Kyrgyz-U.S. relations makes continued funding for the DCA uncertain, just as it the contract is coming up for renewal. Domestically, the DCA suffers from the weakness of its operations in the South, the main locus of drug trafficking. Rumors over imminent changes in leadership further contribute to the DCA’s uncertainty

  • 16.
    Osmonaliev, Kairat
    et al.
    Kyrgyz National University.
    Engvall, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies.
    The Dismissal of Minister Suvanaliev and the Struggle against Organized Crime in Kyrgyzstan2007In: Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 3-5Article in journal (Other academic)
1 - 16 of 16
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