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  • 1.
    Ancillotti, Mirko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Synthetic Biology in the Press: Media Portrayal in Sweden and Italy2016In: Ambivalences of Creating Life. : Societal and Philosophical Dimensions of Synthetic Biology / [ed] K Hagen, M Engelhard & G Toepfer, Dordrecht: Springer, 2016, p. 141-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Synthetic biology is a rapidly evolving field which potentially can change how we live in and understand the world. Given its potential impact it is important to inform and involve the public so that it gains a proper understanding of synthetic biology and is in a position to assess its future applications and implications. This study investigates through qualitative content analysis the synthetic biology press coverage in Sweden and Italy between 2009 and 2013. The three major newspapers of each country were considered a good example of what was offered to the public in a period which witnessed important scientific advancements of the field and consequent media resonance. The framing of the articles was analyzed in the light of the idea that mass media not only inform the public but also contribute to the shaping of ideas. Language was analysed and found to be generally adequate. The topics were presented in an overall positive and optimistic tone, which was reflected also in the benefits and risks envisioned. The two countries can be considered rather different in many social and cultural respects, yet besides a few differences (mainly quantitative), striking similarities were found, probably related to a marked dependence on the common sources of the articles and the lack of critical scrutiny on the behalf of the media.

  • 2.
    Ancillotti, Mirko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Andersson, Dan I.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Godskesen, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Nihlén Fahlquist, Jessica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Veldwijk, Jorien
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    Preferences regarding antibiotic treatment and the role of antibiotic resistance: a discrete choice experiment2020In: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, ISSN 0924-8579, E-ISSN 1872-7913, Vol. 56, no 6, article id 106198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To identify preferences of the Swedish public regarding antibiotic treatment characteristics and the relative weight of antibiotic resistance in their treatment choices.

    Methods: A questionnaire including a discrete choice experiment questionnaire was answered by 378 Swedish participants. Preferences of the general public regarding five treatment characteristics (attributes) were measured: contribution to antibiotic resistance, cost, side effects, failure rate and treatment duration. Latent class analysis models were used to determine attribute-level estimates and heterogeneity in preferences. Relative importance of the attributes and willingness to pay for antibiotics with a lower contribution to antibiotic resistance were calculated from the estimates.

    Results: All attributes influenced participants’ preferences for antibiotic treatment. For the majority of participants, contribution to antibiotic resistance was the most important attribute. Younger respondents found contribution to antibiotic resistance more important in their choice of antibiotic treatments. Choices of respondents with lower numeracy, higher health literacy and higher financial vulnerability were influenced more by the cost of the antibiotic treatment. Older respondents with lower financial vulnerability and health literacy, and higher numeracy found side effects to be most important.

    Conclusions: All attributes can be considered as potential drivers of antibiotic use by lay people. Findings also suggest that the behaviour of lay people may be influenced by concerns over the rise of antibiotic resistance. Therefore, stressing individual responsibility for antibiotic resistance in clinical and societal communication has the potential to affect personal decision making.

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  • 3.
    Ancillotti, Mirko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Godskesen, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Andersson, Dan I.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Nihlén Fahlquist, Jessica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    An Effort Worth Making: A Qualitative Study of How Swedes Respond to Antibiotic Resistance2021In: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9973, E-ISSN 1754-9981, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-11, article id phaa033Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the alarming rise of antibiotic resistance, medically unwarranted use of antibiotics has assumed new moral significance. In this paper, a thematic content analysis of focus group discussions was conducted to explore lay people’s views on the moral challenges posed by antibiotic resistance. The most important finding is that lay people are morally sensitive to the problems entailed by antibiotic resistance. Participants saw the decreasing availability of effective antibiotics as a problem of justice. This involves individual as well as collective moral responsibility. Yet, holding agents responsible for their use of antibiotics involves varying degrees of demandingness. In our discussion, these findings are related to the contemporary ethical debate on antibiotic resistance and two proposals for the preservation of antibiotic effectiveness are compared to and evaluated against participants’ views.

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  • 4.
    Ancillotti, Mirko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Veldwijk, Jorien
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, Bayle (J) building - Campus Woudestein, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Nihlén Fahlquist, Jessica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Andersson, Dan I
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Godskesen, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola, Stigbergsgatan 30, 100 61 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Public awareness and individual responsibility needed for judicious use of antibiotics: a qualitative study of public beliefs and perceptions2018In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 1153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    High consumption of antibiotics has been identified as an important driver for the increasing antibiotic resistance, considered to be one of the greatest threats to public health globally. Simply informing the public about this consequence is insufficient to induce behavioral change. This study explored beliefs and perceptions among Swedes, with the aim of identifying factors promoting and hindering a judicious approach to antibiotics use. The study focused primarily on the medical use of antibiotics, also considering other aspects connected with antibiotic resistance, such as travelling and food consumption.

    Methods

    Data were collected through focus group discussions at the end of 2016. Twenty-three Swedes were recruited using an area-based approach and purposive sampling, aiming for as heterogeneous groups as possible regarding gender (13 women, 10 men), age (range 20–81, mean 38), and education level. Interview transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The Health Belief Model was used as a theoretical framework.

    Results

    Antibiotic resistance was identified by participants as a health threat with the potential for terrible consequences. The severity of the problem was perceived more strongly than the actual likelihood of being affected by it. Metaphors such as climate change were abundantly employed to describe antibiotic resistance as a slowly emerging problem. There was a tension between individual (egoistic) and collective (altruistic) reasons for engaging in judicious behavior. The individual effort needed and antibiotics overprescribing were considered major barriers to such behavior. In their discussions, participants stressed the need for empowerment, achieved through good health communication from authorities and family physicians.

    Conclusions

    Knowledge about antibiotic consumption and resistance, as well as values such as altruism and trust in the health care system, has significant influence on both perceptions of individual responsibility and on behavior. This suggests that these factors should be emphasized in health education and health promotion. To instead frame antibiotic resistance as a slowly emerging disaster, risks diminish the public perception of being susceptible to it.

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  • 5.
    Ancillotti, Mirko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Holmberg, Niklas
    Abo Akad Univ, Theol Eth & Philosophy Relig, Turku, Finland..
    Lindfelt, Mikael
    Abo Akad Univ, Theol Eth & Philosophy Relig, Turku, Finland..
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Uncritical and unbalanced coverage of synthetic biology in the Nordic press2017In: Public Understanding of Science, ISSN 0963-6625, E-ISSN 1361-6609, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 235-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Synthetic biology will probably have a high impact on a variety of fields, such as healthcare, environment, biofuels, agriculture, and so on. A driving theme in European research policy is the importance of maintaining public legitimacy and support. Media can influence public attitudes and are therefore an important object of study. Through qualitative content analysis, this study investigates the press coverage of synthetic biology in the major Nordic countries between 2009 and 2014. The press coverage was found to be event-driven and there were striking similarities between countries when it comes to framing, language use, and treated themes. Reporters showed a marked dependence on their sources, mainly scientists and stakeholders, who thus drives the media agenda. The media portrayal was very positive, with an optimistic look at future benefits and very little discussion of possible risks.

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  • 6.
    Ancillotti, Mirko
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Nihlén Fahlquist, Jessica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Individual moral responsibility for antibiotic resistance2022In: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 3-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Antibiotic resistance (AR) is a major threat to public health and healthcare worldwide. In this article, we analyse and discuss the claim that taking actions to minimize AR is everyone's responsibility, focusing on individual moral responsibility. This should not be merely interpreted as a function of knowledge of AR and the proper use of antibiotics. Instead, we suggest a circumstantial account of individual responsibility for AR, where individuals do or do not engage in judicious antibiotic behaviour with different degrees of voluntariness. Furthermore, we suggest a notion of responsibility as a virtue, in which individuals have the opportunity to develop a sensitivity towards the AR theme and, consequently, are capable of engaging, actively and voluntarily, in judicious antibiotic behaviour. The development of such sensitivity depends on the creation of adequate circumstances, that is individual capacities and availability of resources.

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  • 7. Appelros, Erica
    et al.
    Eriksson, StefanUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.Stenqvist, Catharina
    Makt och religion i könsskilda världar: religionsfilosofiska perspektiv2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Ballantyne, Angela
    et al.
    University of Otago Wellington, Bioeth, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Research ethics revised: The new CIOMS guidelines and the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki in context2019In: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 310-311Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Bülow, William
    et al.
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholms Universitet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Godskesen, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Helgesson, Gert
    Stockholm Centre for Healthcare Ethics, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Why unethical papers should be retracted2021In: Journal of Medical Ethics, ISSN 0306-6800, E-ISSN 1473-4257, Vol. 47, no 12, article id e32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of retracting published papers is to maintain the integrity of academic research. Recent work in research ethics has devoted important attention to how to improve the system of paper retraction. In this context, the focus has primarily been on how to handle fraudulent or flawed research papers, and how to encourage the retraction of papers based on honest mistakes. Less attention has been paid to whether papers that report unethical research – for example, research performed without appropriate concern for the moral rights and interests of the research participants – should be retracted. The aim of this paper is to examine to what extent retraction policies of academic journals and publishers address retractions of unethical research and to discuss critically various policy options and the reasons for accepting them. This paper starts by reviewing retraction policies of academic publishers. The results show that many journals do not have explicit policies for how to handle unethical research. Against this background, we discuss four normative arguments for why unethical research should be retracted. In conclusion, we suggest a retraction policy in light of our empirical and normative investigations.

  • 10.
    Calvo, Patrici
    et al.
    Universitat Jaume I.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Civil Society Participation in the Management of the Common Good: A Case of Ethics in Biological Resource Centres2014In: Common Goods: New Forms of Participation of Civil Society in Democracy and the Economy / [ed] Daniel Pallares Dominguez & Stefan Eriksson, Castellón: Universitat Jaume I , 2014, p. 7-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The management of commons is now at the centre of researchers' attention in many branches of science, particularly those related to the human or social sciences. This paper seeks to demonstrate how civil society participation in common goods or resources is not only possible but is also desirable for society because of the medium and long-term benefits it offers involved and/or affected parties. To this end, we examine the falsity of the discourse underlying the supposed incompetence of civil society to cooperate interpersonally in the pursuit of common objectives, and also analyse a specific example of the necessary and possible participation of civil society in managing common goods through biobanks.

  • 11. Dal-Ré, Rafael
    et al.
    Avendaño-Solà, Cristina
    Bloechl-Daum, Brigitte
    de Boer, Anthonius
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Fuhr, Uwe
    Holm, Søren
    James, Stefan K
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Mentz, Robert J
    Perucca, Emilio
    Rosendaal, Frits R
    Treweek, Shaun
    Low risk pragmatic trials do not always require participants' informed consent2019In: The BMJ, E-ISSN 1756-1833, Vol. 364, article id l1092Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12. Dal-Ré, Rafael
    et al.
    Solberg, Berge
    Fuhr, Uwe
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Reporting the details of consent procedures in clinical trials2020In: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, ISSN 0895-4356, E-ISSN 1878-5921, Vol. 117, p. 150-151Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13. Elliott, Tracey
    et al.
    Fazeen, Bisma
    Asrat, Asfawossen
    Cetto, Ana Maria
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Looi, Lai Meng
    Negra, Diane
    Perceptions on the prevalence and impact of predatory academic journals and conferences: A global survey of researchers2022In: Learned Publishing, ISSN 0953-1513, E-ISSN 1741-4857, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 516-528Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A global survey of researchers was conducted to gather perceptions on the prevalence and impact of predatory academic journals and conferences. The survey was open and inclusive in nature, with 1872 researchers, from a wide array of geographic regions, disciplines and academic career stages, voluntarily participating. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analysed. The survey revealed that over 80% (1537 of 1859) of respondents perceive predatory practices are already a serious problem or on the rise in their country of work, and risk infiltrating and undermining the research enterprise if left unchallenged. At least 24% (445 of 1872) of respondents admitted they had already published in a predatory journal, participated in a predatory conference, or did not know if they had. Over 87% of respondents who had published (174 of 199) or participated (60 of 64) indicated that a lack of awareness of predatory practices was the main reason. Those in lower-middle and upper-middle-income countries were more likely to indicate they had engaged in these activities than those in high-income ones, with some disciplines appearing to engage more than others. Individual impact was mixed: some indicated no impact while others noted a range of negative and detrimental feelings.

  • 14.
    Engelbak Nielsen, Zandra
    et al.
    Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Schram Harsløf, Laurine Bente
    Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
    Petri, Suzanne
    Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
    Helgesson, Gert
    Stockholm Centre for Healthcare Ethics, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management, and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mangset, Margrete
    Oslo universitetssykehus, Oslo University Hospital, Norway.
    Godskesen, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College.
    Are cancer patients better off if they participate in clinical trials?: A mixed methods study2020In: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, E-ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Research and cancer care are closely intertwined; however, it is not clear whether physicians and nurses believe that clinical trials offer the best treatment for patients and, if so, whether this belief is justified. The aim of this study was therefore: (i) to explore how physicians and nurses perceive the benefits of clinical trial participation compared with standard care and (ii) whether it is justified to claim that clinical trial participation improves outcomes for cancer patients.

    Methods

    A mixed methods approach was used employing semi-structured interviews with 57 physicians and nurses in oncology and haematology and a literature review of the evidence for trial superiority, i.e. the idea that receiving treatment in a clinical trial leads to a better outcome compared with standard care. Inductive thematic analysis was used to examine the interview data. A literature review comprising nine articles was conducted according to a conceptual framework developed by Peppercorn et al. and evaluated recent evidence on trial superiority.

    Results

    Our findings show that many physicians and nurses make claims supporting trial superiority, however very little evidence is available in the literature comparing outcomes for trial participants and non-participants that supports their assertions.

    Conclusions

    Despite the recent rapid development and use of targeted therapy and immunotherapy, we find no support for trial participation to provide better outcomes for cancer patients than standard care. Hence, our present results are in line with previous results from Peppercorn et al. A weaker version of the superiority claim is that even if a trial does not bring about a direct positive effect, it brings about indirect positive effects. However, as the value of such indirect effects is dependent on the individual’s specific circumstances and preferences, their existence cannot establish the general claim that treatment in trials is superior. Belief in trial superiority is therefore unfounded. Hence, if such beliefs are communicated to patients in a trial recruitment context, it would provide misleading information. Instead emphasis should be on patients volunteering to give an altruistic contribution to the furthering of knowledge and to the potential benefit of future patients.

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  • 15.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Autonomi och förståelsens komplexitet2001In: Man får inte tvinga någon: Autonomi och relationalitet i nordisk teologisk tolkning / [ed] Bergmann, Sigurd, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2001, p. 288-299Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Bergstedts kristendom är illa ute1994In: Budbäraren, no v 39, p. 14-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Bär bud om en rörelse som söker Gud1996In: Budbäraren, no 17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Challenging the rationality of research regulationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to discuss whether current science regulation conforms to basic rational demands on a legitimate regulative system – the complex system of norms expressed in law, soft-law, guidelines and codes. This system has mainly developed organically and we might lose track of the demands for rational regulation; that it be efficient and effective. Seven rationality criteria are used for evaluating the Helsinki Declaration, the CIOMS guidelines and other regulations: Being comprehensible, Capacity for conflict resolution, Equality, Effectiveness, Acceptability, Practicability & enforceability, and the Capacity to integrate. The conclusion drawn is that research regulations often do not meet basic criteria of rationality which risks creating a confusing, non-manageable situation. Therefore regulative development is needed, where each regulatory body is more conscious about the role it should play and about where any regulations proposed can fit with existing laws and guidelines. 

  • 19.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    CODEX - Regler och riktlinjer för forskning: [http://www.codex.vr.se]2000Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En webbportal till dokument som reglerar forskning, med forskningsetiska introduktioner & översikter

  • 20.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Den moraliska fantasin förenar etik och estetik2002In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Moralfilosofin har av hävd styrts av föreställningen om förnuftets primat. Men i en ny antologi beskrivs det moraliska tänkandet snarare som något djupt mänskligt, något som snarare fostras av fantasin än förnuftet.

  • 21.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Etik på jobbet: Kommentarer till riktlinje 1: Stefan Eriksson kommenterar: Fall 12005In: Farmacevtisk Revy, no 11, p. 23-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Etik på jobbet: kommentarer till riktlinje 2: Stefan Eriksson kommenterar: Integritet, ansvar, vänskapens etik och professionell etik2005In: Farmacevtisk Revy, no 14, p. 13-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Etik på jobbet: Kommentarer till riktlinje 32006In: Farmacevtisk Revy, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Etik på jobbet: Kommentarer till riktlinje 4: Stefan Eriksson kommenterar: Att påverka utifrån eller inifrån - ett svårt moraliskt dilemma2006In: Farmacevtisk Revy, no 4, p. 20-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Etik på jobbet: Kommentarer till riktlinje 5: Stefan Eriksson kommenterar fallen: Etiken berör alla involverade2006In: Farmacevtisk Revy, no 7, p. 22-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Etik på jobbet: Kommentarer till riktlinje 62006In: Farmacevtisk Revy, no 9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Ett mönster i livets väv: Tro och religion i ljuset av Wittgensteins filosofi : [faith and religion in the light of the philosophy of Wittgenstein]1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study evaluates Wittgenstein's impact on the philosophy of religion. The aim of the study is to clarify what it means to say that the method suggested by Wittgenstein in his seminal work Philosophical Investigations makes possible a study of religion which is not reductionistic, but rather is adequate concerning religious phenomena.

    The dissertation starts with an examination of Wittgenstein's method. In particular it tries to clarify the nature of philosophical study as it comes to expression in Wittgenstein's writings. In chapter three Wittgenstein's remarks on religion are surveyed. in them Wittgenstein shows that many difficulties thought to face religion are a result of the neglect of philosophers to attend to the logic of religious expressions.

    In chapters four and five the strategies of argument displayed in Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion are critically discussed. The strategy concerned with conceptual features of religious expressions tries to draw attention to similarities between the way certain expressions function as frameworks for our epistemic practices. In addition to this strategy a more thorough examination of the differences between different practices is needed, argues their author.

    By the second strategy Phillips and Wittgenstein draw our attention to the natural history of mankind, to what they call primitive reactions. It is shown that an appeal to this notion reminds us of the fact that what we do and say in many cases are not the result of reasoning. Rather we just act. Religion, too, is conceptually speaking a way of living, and not a theory. We refrain from reducing or distorting religion when we pay attention to the logic of religious expressions and come to see the distinctive character of religious phenomena. This pursuit is not solely an intellectual one, but something that is possible only if one works on oneself.

  • 28.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Fanatism och tvivel: Möjligheten av en kontextuell och kritisk radikalteologi1998In: Vardagskulturens teologi: i nordisk tolkning / [ed] Bergmann, Sigurd, Nora: Bokförlaget Nya Doxa, 1998, p. 208-223Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Forskningsetikens nya huvudfråga – den falska akademin?2015In: Svensk Kirurgi, ISSN 0346-847X, Vol. 73, no 4, p. 180-183Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 30.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Fångade i samma nät?2001In: Svensk Kyrkotidning, Vol. Nr 1-2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Ge doktorander en starkare ställning: kommentar till Eivind Torps ”Vem äger rätten till doktorandersforskningsresultat?”2015In: Förvaltningsrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-8585, no 3, p. 371-376Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Gen-etikens århundrade2000In: Framtiden direkt, no 5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Genetisk kunskap gör oss friare än någonsin2001In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    God forskningssed2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    How can the ethics of dementia research be ensured?2012In: Dementia Europe, no 4, p. 10-11Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Informed consent and biobanks2001In: The Use of Human Biobanks: Ethical, Social, Economical and Legal Aspects / [ed] Hansson, Mats G, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet , 2001, p. 41-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Ja, vi behöver ett nytt system, men nej, vi behöver inte en nationell särlösning.2006In: Tentakel, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Jesu barmhärtighet går på tvärs mot världens sätt att tänka2003In: Budbäraren, no 10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Jesu uppståndelse som filosofiskt problem1998In: Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift, Vol. nr 1, p. 15-23Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Jesu uppståndelse som filosofiskt problem - svar till Johan Modée1999In: Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift, no 1, p. 31-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Kan Gud liknas vid en färg?1997In: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, Vol. 93, no 50, p. 642-643Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Examines a passage in Wittgenstein's writings that seem to compare God with colours; and asks what the comparison says about God.

  • 42.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Kontroversiellt om forskningsetik1999In: Upsala Nya Tidning, kultursidan 10 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Linder, det är lättare att granska andras åskådning än sin egen1994In: Budbäraren, no v 47, p. 13-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Mapping the Debate on Informed Consent2003In: Biobanks as Resources for Health / [ed] Hansson, Mats G & Levin, Marianne, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet , 2003, p. 165-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Medlemskap och kyrkans identitet1996In: Svensk Kyrkotidning, no 33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Moral obligations for synthetic biology research2012In: EUBARnet Review series on policy, ethics and security, no 7Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is no strong need for building a new system of regulation and oversight for synthetic biology. Even though SynBio is novel in respect to scope for scientific creativity, its open-ended nature and the potential for large-scale production, we can use the existing framework of research ethics. To fulfill reasonable obligations we need to adhere to common moral norms, need to improve bioethics education and deliberation, protect and encourage whistleblowing, take biosafety and biosecurity measures, and make more use of biosafety and ethical review committees. The only thing that might be lacking is a robust co-operative system for addressing issues that surrounds the publication of sensitive findings (scientists, journals and the security service might have to establish new forms for collaboration). This does not mean that there is not some other questionable phenomenon with regard to the field – commercial providers might have a legal duty to screen customers for potential wrong-doers. But as far as researchers having obligations, individually or collectively, those can be met through research ethics as we already know it, bonly better implemented.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Moral obligations for synthetic biology research
  • 47.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Måtta med förnyat samtycke när prov används för nytt ändamål2003In: Läkartidningen, Vol. 100, no 49, p. 4106-4109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biobankslagens krav på förnyat samtycke när tidigare givna prov används för ett nytt ändamål har orsakat problem och oro bland forskare. Artikelförfattaren visar på några oklarheter, föreslår tolkningar och påminner om att det är individen/donatorn, inte forskningens teknikaliteter, som bör stå i centrum för etiska diskussioner.

  • 48.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    On the need for improved protections of incapacitated and non-benefitting research subjects2012In: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, it is claimed that the protective provisions for adults with impaired decision-making capacity are misguided, insofar as they do not conclusively state whether research on this group should be permitted only as an exception, and as they arbitrarily allow for some groups to benefit from such research while others will not. Moreover, the presumed or former will of the subject is given insufficient weight, and the minimal risk standard does not make sense in this context.

    Because of these problems, the present guidelines allow for the possibility of vulnerable people being exploited, something that is hidden behind a guise of solidarity. Instead we need to address the real issues at stake by rewriting the present statutes.

    It is suggested that new guidelines should be in some continuity with earlier efforts. However, in order to protect these subjects there is additional need for appointed representatives who monitor research and for legal obligations to compensate for any injuries suffered.

    Without these or similar measures we won’t have an adequate system in place for the protection of non-benefiting persons who are unable to consent to research.

  • 49.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Recension av D.Z. Phillips, Filosofi – en presentation2002In: Filosofisk Tidskrift, no 3, p. 53-56Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Eriksson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Recension av Is God Real? / J. Runzo (red)1994In: Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift, no 2, p. 89-90Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
123 1 - 50 of 122
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