uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 21 of 21
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    af Wåhlberg, AE
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Driver celeration behavior in training and regular driving.2007In: Driver Behaviour and Training, Volume III, 2007Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 2.
    Arnberg, Filip K
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, National Center for Disaster Psychiatry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Can Demographic and Exposure Characteristics Predict Levels of Social Support in Survivors from a Natural Disaster?2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 6, p. e65709-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective Lack of social support is a strong predictor for poor mental health after disasters. Psychosocial post-disaster interventions may benefit from targeting survivors at risk oflow support, yet it is unknown whether demographic and disaster exposure characteristics are associated with social support. This study assessed if age, gender, educational status, cohabitation, and disaster exposure severity predicted aspects of informal social support in a cohort of Swedish survivors from the 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami.

    Methods The participants were 3,536 disaster survivors who responded to a mail survey 14 months after the disaster (49% response rate). Their perceptions of present emotional support, contact with others, tangible support, negative support and overall satisfaction with informal support were assessed with the Crisis Support Scale and analysed in five separate ordinal regressions.

    Results Demographic factors and exposure severity explained variation in social supports although the effect size and predictive efficiency were modest. Cohabitation and female gender were associated with both more positive and more negative support. Single-household men were especially at risk for low emotional support and younger women were more likely to perceive negative support. Higher education was associated with more positive support, whereas no clear pattern was found regarding age as a predictor. Disaster exposure severity was associated with more negative support and less overall support satisfaction.

    Conclusions After a disaster that entailed little disruptions to the community the associations between demographic characteristics and social support concur with findings in the general population. The findings suggest that psychosocial disaster interventions may benefit from targeting specific groups of survivors.

  • 3.
    Dahl, JoAnne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Brorson, Lars Olov
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Effects of a broad-spectrum behavioral treatment program on children with refractory epileptic seizures: An eight year follow-up1992In: Epilepsia, Vol. 12, no 33, p. 198-102Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Elmund, A
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Melin, L
    Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Knorring, A-L von
    Proos, L
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Tuvemo, T
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Cognitive and neuropsychological functioning in transnationally adopted juvenile delinquents.2004In: Acta Paediatr, ISSN 0803-5253, Vol. 93, no 11, p. 1507-13Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 5.
    Folke, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Parling, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Depression: A Preliminary Randomized Clinical Trial for Unemployed on Long-Term Sick Leave2012In: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, ISSN 1077-7229, E-ISSN 1878-187X, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 583-594Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This preliminaly study investigated the feasibility of a brief Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) in a Swedish sample of unemployed individuals on long-term sick leave due to depression. Participants were randomized to a nonstandardized control condition (N = 16) or to the ACT condition (N = 18) consisting of 1 individual and 5 group sessions. From pretreatment to 18-month follow-up the ACT participants improved significantly on measures of depression, general health, and quality of life compared to participants in the control condition. The conditions did not differ regarding sick leave and employment status at any time point. The results indicate that ACT is a promising treatment for depression. The need for further refinements of future ACT protocols for this population is discussed.

  • 6.
    Forster, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundell, Knut
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Morris, Richard J.
    University of Arizona.
    Karlberg, Martin
    Uppsala University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Curriculum Studies.
    Charlie och Komet: utvärdering av två lärarprogram för elever med beteendeproblem2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I de flesta klasser finns det elever med beteendeproblem. Dessa elever beskrivs ofta som svåra att undervisa, de kräver lärarens oavbrutna uppmärksamhet och uppfattas rent allmänt som besvärliga. Att tidigt uppvisa beteendeproblem innebär samtidigt ökad risk för olika typer av svårigheter senare i livet. Denna rapport utvärderar hur två lärarbaserade program kan hjälpa dessa elever. Resultaten baseras på 135 lärare från 63 skolor med elever i årskurs 1 och 2. Lärarna rekryterades under tre på varandra följande terminer. Lärarna fördelades slumpmässigt till utbildning i programmet KOMET eller CHARLIE. En del av lärarna som fick CHARLIE fick vänta i sex månader innan utbildningen påbörjades. På så sätt kunde effekterna av programmen jämföras med utvecklingen i en klass utan program. Från varje klass valdes en elev med beteendeproblem ut, det vill säga 135 elever. Denna rapport handlar om programmens effekter för dessa elever. Lärarskattningar, kamratskattningar, självskattningar och observationer genomfördes efter randomiseringen, efter sex månader och efter 14 månader. Resultaten visar inga statistiskt säkerställda skillnader mellan grupperna efter sex månader. Efter 14 månader hade eleverna i KOMET-gruppen mindre beteendeproblem, i synnerhet hyperaktivitet. De hade även mindre kamratproblem. KOMET hade även positiva effekter på lärarnas beteenden efter 14 månader. Det var drygt dubbelt så stor chans att en elev i KOMETgruppen skulle bedömas som ett lyckat fall efter 14 månader jämfört med en elev i CHARLIEgruppen.

  • 7.
    Forster, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundell, Knut
    Socialtjänstförvaltningen i Stockholm, The city of Stockholm's executive office.
    Morris, Richard, J.
    College of Education, University of Arizona, USA.
    Karlberg, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A randomized controlled trial of a standardized behavior management intervention for students with externalizing behavior2012In: Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, ISSN 1063-4266, E-ISSN 1538-4799, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 169-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports the results from a Swedish randomized controlled trial of a standardized behavior management intervention. The intervention targeted students with externalizing behavior in a regular education setting. First- and second-grade students (N = 100) from 38 schools were randomly assigned to either the intervention or an active comparison group. Observer, teacher, and peer ratings were collected at pretest, posttest (6 months later), and follow-up (14 months after pretest). Significant intervention effects were found on student externalizing behavior and teacher behavior management at both posttest and follow-up. The intervention effect on student externalizing behavior was mediated by change in teacher behavior. Moderating effects of demographic and classroom variables were explored, as well as the social validity of the intervention. The results are discussed in relation to cost-effectiveness and feasibility of behavioral interventions in typical school settings.

  • 8.
    Färdig, Rickard
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Fredriksson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Environmental toxicology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Lewander, Tommy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Mueser, Kim
    Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Boston University, MA, USA.
    Neurocognitive functioning and outcome of the Illness Management and Recovery Program for clients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder2016In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 70, no 6, p. 430-435Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between psychosocial programming and neurocognition has been established in previous research, but has not been explored in the context of the Illness Management and Recovery Program (IMR). This study examined associations between neurocognition and illness self-management skills acquisition, based on two previous trials of IMR. Neurocognitive functioning was assessed at baseline and post-treatment in 53 participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who completed the IMR. Illness self-management was measured by the client and clinician versions of the Illness Management and Recovery Scale. Statistical analyses investigated improvements in neurocognitive functioning and possible association between illness self-management skills acquisition and neurocognitive functioning. Speed of processing as measured by the Trail Making Test A, was related to client-reported acquisition of illness self-management skills, before and after controlling for psychiatric symptoms and medication, but did not predict improvement in clinician ratings of client illness self-management skills. However, when controlling for client session attendance rates, the association between speed of processing and client-reported illness self-management skills acquisition ceased to be statistically significant, which suggests that compromised neurocognitive functioning does not reduce response to training in illness self-management in itself. The association between the frequency of attended IMR sessions and outcome of the IMR seems to decrease the negative impact of compromised neurocognition on illness self-management skills acquisition. Also, clients with slower speed of processing may experience less benefit from the IMR and may attend fewer sessions.

  • 9.
    Färdig, Rickard
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
    Fredriksson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tommy, Lewander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
    Symptom severity and outcome of the Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) program for schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorderManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study explored the effects of the Illness Management and Recovery program on the severity criterion of symptomatic remission in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, and whether participants meeting the severity criterion experienced greater improvement in the outcomes of the IMR program. The results suggest that significantly more participants met the severity criterion at post-treatment. Improvements in general psychopathology, self-rated and clinician rated illness self-management, and subjective satisfaction with life, were found for the total sample. Although demonstrating significantly higher levels of general psychopathology, compared to participants meeting the severity criterion, it appears that participants not meeting the severity criterion also benefited from the IMR program, as indicated by the similar effect sizes of the two subgroups (meeting versus not meeting the severity criterion at post-treatment).

  • 10.
    Färdig, Rickard
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Lewander, Tommy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Fredriksson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Evaluation of the Illness Management and Recovery Scale in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder2011In: Schizophrenia Research, ISSN 0920-9964, E-ISSN 1573-2509, Vol. 132, no 2-3, p. 157-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the parallel client and clinician versions of the Illness Management and Recovery Scale (IMRS) developed to monitor the clients' progress in the Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) program in schizophrenia. A total of 107 study participants completed assessments of the IMRS, interview-based ratings of psychiatric symptoms, self-ratings of psychiatric symptoms, perception of recovery, and quality of life. Case managers completed the clinician version of the IMRS. Both versions of the scale demonstrated satisfactory internal reliability and strong test-retest reliability. The results also indicated convergent validity with interview-based ratings of psychiatric symptoms, self-rated symptoms, perception of recovery, and quality of life for both versions of the IMRS. These findings support the utility of the IMRS as a measure of illness self-management and recovery in clients with schizophrenia.

  • 11.
    Färdig, Rickard
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
    Lewander, Tommy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Folke, Fredrik
    Fredriksson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
    A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Illness Management and Recovery Program for Persons With Schizophrenia2011In: Psychiatric Services, ISSN 1075-2730, E-ISSN 1557-9700, Vol. 62, no 6, p. 606-612Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the illness management and recovery (IMR) program on symptoms and psychosocial functioning of individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in an outpatient setting in Sweden. Methods: A total of 41 persons with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who were receiving treatment at six psychiatric outpatient rehabilitation centers were randomly assigned to either an IMR group for nine months or to treatment as usual (control condition). Assessments were conducted at baseline, posttreatment (nine months), and follow-up (21 months) and included self-reports and ratings by clinicians (both blind and nonblind to treatment assignment) of illness management, psychiatric symptoms, recovery, coping, quality of life, hospitalization, insight, and suicidal ideation. Results: As measured by self-report and ratings of nonblinded clinicians, IMR program participants demonstrated significantly greater improvement in illness management than participants in the control condition. Ratings of psychiatric symptoms by blinded clinicians using the Psychosis Evaluation Tool for Common Use by Caregivers and self-reported ratings of psychosocial functioning on the Ways of Coping Questionnaire also showed better outcomes than for participants in treatment as usual. A statistically significant decrease in suicidal ideation between baseline and follow-up was found for IMR program participants. Conclusions: The study supports previous findings and suggests that the IMR program is effective in improving the ability of individuals with schizophrenia to better manage their illness.

  • 12. Johansson, C
    et al.
    Dahl, J
    Jannert, M
    Melin, L
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, G
    Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Effects of a cognitive-behavioural pain-management program.1998In: Behav Res Ther, Vol. 36, p. 915-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Lardén, Martin
    et al.
    Centrum för våldsprevention, Karolinska Institutet.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Holst, Ulrika
    Långström, Niclas
    Centrum för våldsprevention, Karolinska Institutet.
    Moral judgement, cognitive distortions and empathy in incarcerated delinquent and community control adolescents2006In: Psychology, Crime and Law, ISSN 1068-316X, E-ISSN 1477-2744, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 453-462Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Immature moral judgements, cognitive distortions and low empathy could contribute to criminal offending and are often targeted in interventions aimed at reducing risk of recidivism. We compared 58 delinquent 13 18-year-olds, incarcerated in youth homes in Sweden (29 males, 29 females) with 58 (29 males, 29 females) community control adolescents individually matched on age, gender, ethnicity and socio-economic position. Self-report questionnaires examined moral judgement, cognitive distortions, and empathy. Delinquent adolescents exhibited less mature moral judgements and more cognitive distortions than control adolescents. However, no association between delinquency status and self-reported empathy was found. In addition, girls reported more mature moral judgements, less cognitive distortions and more empathy than boys did. Moral judgement and empathy were positively correlated and both measures were negatively correlated with cognitive distortions. Our data support the idea that moral judgement and cognitive distortions are important treatment targets for juvenile delinquents, whereas empathy may be less meaningful to address directly.

  • 14. Larsson, Bo
    et al.
    Carlsson, Jane
    Fichtel, Asa
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Relaxation treatment of adolescent headache sufferers: results from a school-based replication series.2005In: Headache, ISSN 0017-8748, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 692-704Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 15.
    Lindgren, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kihlgren, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Croona, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundberg, Staffan
    Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Eeg-Olofsson, Orvar
    Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Development of cognitive functions in children with rolandic epilepsy2004In: Epilepsy & Behavior, Vol. 5, p. 903-910Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16. Lonne-Rahm, S
    et al.
    Andersson, B
    Melin, L
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Schultzberg, M
    Arnetz, B
    Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berg, M
    Provocation with stress and electricity of patients with2000In: J Occup Environ Med, Vol. 42, p. 512-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Lundgren, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Dahl, JoAnne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kies, Bryan
    Evaluation of acceptance and commitment therapy for drug refractory epilepsy: A randomized controlled trial in South Africa - A pilot study2006In: Epilepsia, ISSN 0013-9580, E-ISSN 1528-1167, Vol. 47, no 12, p. 2173-2179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Psychological interventions in the treatment of epilepsy have been developed and evaluated for many years but the amount of research has hardly made an impact on how epilepsy is treated. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a psychological treatment program consisting of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy together with some behavioral seizure control technology shown to be successful in earlier research.

    Methods: The method consisted of a RCT group design with repeated measures (N= 27). All participants had an EEG verified epilepsy diagnosis with drug refractory seizures. Participants were randomized into one of two conditions, ACT or Supportive therapy (ST). Therapeutic effects were measured by examining changes in quality of life (SWLS and WHOQOL) and seizure index (frequency * duration). Both treatment conditions consisted of only 9 hours of professional therapy distributed in two individual and two group sessions during a four-week period.

    Results: The results showed significant effects over all of the dependent variables for the ACT group as compared to the ST group at 6 and twelve-month follow ups.

    Conclusions: The results from this study suggest that a short-term psychotherapy program combined with anticonvulsant drugs may help to prevent the long-term disability that occurs from drug refractory seizures.

  • 18.
    Lundgren, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Luoma, Jason B.
    Dahl, JoAnne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Strosahl, Kirk
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Bull's-Eye Values Survey: A Psychometric Evaluation2012In: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, ISSN 1077-7229, E-ISSN 1878-187X, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 518-526Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Two studies were conducted to develop and evaluate an instrument attempting to identify and measure personal values, values attainment and believability in thoughts functioning as obstacles in living a valued life.  Study one describes a content validity approach to the construction and preliminary validation of the Bull’s Eye Values Survey (BEVS), using a sample of institutionalized patients suffering from Epilepsy. Study Two investigated the psychometric properties of the BEVS with a sample of Swedish university students. Results indicate that the BEVS is sensitive to treatment effects and can differentiate between clients who receive values based interventions and those that do not. The BEVS subscales and total score appear to measure an independent dimension of psychological functioning that is negatively correlated with measures of depression, anxiety and stress and positively correlated with a measure of psychological flexibility. The BEVS also exhibits acceptable temporal stability and internal consistency. The study provides preliminary support for the BEVS as both a research and clinical tool for measuring values, valued action discrepancies and barriers to value based living.

  • 19.
    Noren, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Department of Medical Sciences, Laserkliniken Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hagströmer, L.
    Södersjukhuset, Department of Dermatology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Alimohammadi, Mohammed
    Uppsala University, Department of Medical Sciences, Laserkliniken Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala University, Department of Medical Sciences, Laserkliniken Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The positive effects of habit reversal treatment of scratching in children with atopic dermatitis: a randomized controlled study2018In: British Journal of Dermatology, ISSN 0007-0963, E-ISSN 1365-2133, Vol. 178, no 3, p. 665-673Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Scratching and itch are common clinical signs of atopic dermatitis (AD). Studies of adult patients have shown that a decrease in scratching behaviour results in regression of inflammation and improved healing of the skin.

    Objectives: To investigate whether a modified habit reversal (HR) treatment protocol could be used for the treatment of scratching in children to improve skin status.

    Methods: The study is a single‐blind, randomized controlled trial of 39 patients who started with registration a week before randomization into one of two groups (intervention or control). The participants in the intervention group received a habit‐breaking therapy of their scratching behaviour (i.e. HR) in addition to a potent steroid (mometasone furoate), whereas the patients in the control group received the steroid alone. The patients were assessed by an independent dermatologist after the first week of registration (baseline assessment) and then after 3 and 8 weeks of treatment. The primary efficacy variable was a change in objective Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD).

    Results: At the end of the 3‐week treatment period, the change in mean objective SCORAD was significantly (= 0·027) higher in the intervention group (−31·9 ± 9·5) than in the control group (−23·8 ± 10·1). After the 8‐week follow‐up, the change in mean objective SCORAD was significantly (= 0·0038) higher in the intervention group (−31·7 ± 10·4) than in the control group (−19·7 ± 9·4).

    Conclusions: The treatment of scratching with the HR method in combination with a potent steroid was found to improve skin status significantly after 3 and 11 weeks.

  • 20.
    Wicksell, Rikard
    et al.
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.
    Ahlqvist, Josefin
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.
    Bring, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Olsson, Gunnar L
    Karolinska institutet.
    Can exposure and acceptance strategies improve functioning and life satisfaction in people with chronic pain and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD)? A randomized controlled trial2008In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 169-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although 14% to 42% of people with whiplash injuries end up with chronic debilitating pain, there is still a paucity of empirically supported treatments for this group of patients. In chronic pain management, there is increasing consensus regarding the importance of a behavioural medicine approach to symptoms and disability. Cognitive behaviour therapy has proven to be beneficial in the treatment of chronic pain. An approach that promotes acceptance of, or willingness to experience, pain and other associated negative private events (e.g. fear, anxiety, and fatigue) instead of reducing or controlling symptoms has received increasing attention. Although the empirical support for treatments emphasizing exposure and acceptance (such as acceptance and commitment therapy) is growing, there is clearly a need for more outcome studies, especially randomized controlled trials. In this study, participants (N = 21) with chronic pain and whiplash‐associated disorders were recruited from a patient organization and randomized to either a treatment or a wait‐list control condition. Both groups continued to receive treatment as usual. In the experimental condition, a learning theory framework was applied to the analysis and treatment. The intervention consisted of a 10‐session protocol emphasizing values‐based exposure and acceptance strategies to improve functioning and life satisfaction by increasing the participants' abilities to behave in accordance with values in the presence of interfering pain and distress (psychological flexibility). After treatment, significant differences in favor of the treatment group were seen in pain disability, life satisfaction, fear of movements, depression, and psychological inflexibility. No change for any of the groups was seen in pain intensity. Improvements in the treatment group were maintained at 7‐month follow‐up. The authors discuss implications of these findings and offer suggestions for further research in this area.

  • 21.
    Wicksell, Rikard K
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kihlgren, Margareta
    Melin, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Eeg-Olofsson, Orvar
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Specific cognitive deficits are common in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy2004In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 46, p. 154-159Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 21 of 21
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf