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  • 1.
    Klötz, Fia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Forensic Medicine.
    Petersson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Forensic Medicine.
    Hoffman, Orsolya
    Thiblin, Ingemar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Forensic Medicine.
    The significance of anabolic androgenic steroids in a Swedish prison population2010In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, ISSN 0010-440X, E-ISSN 1532-8384, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 312-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been associated with adverse psychiatric effect, violent behavior, and criminality. The aim of this study was to further investigate the motives for and consequences of AAS use, with focus on violent and antisocial behavior. Fifty-nine prisoners were interviewed on their use of AAS, and their history was mapped with Addiction Severity Index interviews. Of these prisoners, 56% admitted previous use of AAS, of whom 24% declared to have committed violent crimes in connection with use of AAS. However, the only significant difference between users and nonusers with regard to criminal history when measured with the Addiction Severity Index was that the AAS users more often stated that they had been prosecuted for crimes labeled as “other crimes,” which did not include violent crimes. The reported side effects of AAS corresponded well to those previously reported. These results indicate that use of AAS is common among Swedish prisoners and that the motives and consequences of such use are similar to what has been observed in other AAS-using populations. Furthermore, this study supports earlier notions that misuse of AAS might cause violent behavior, but only in certain individuals and mainly in combination with other substances.

  • 2.
    Petersson, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Begtsson, Johanna
    Voltaire-Carlsson, Anette
    Thiblin, Ingemar
    Use of anabolic androgenic steroids at an outpatient substance abuse clinic in Stockholm, SwedenManuscript (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Petersson, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Forensic Medicine.
    Bengtsson, Johanna
    Voltaire-Carlsson, Anette
    Thiblin, Ingemar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Forensic Medicine.
    Substance abusers' motives for using anabolic androgenic steroids2010In: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 111, no 1-2, p. 170-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been associated with the use of illegal drugs. Earlier observations suggested that users of illegal drugs may use AAS for reasons other than increasing muscle strength or size. The aim of the present study was to investigate the motives for AAS use among outpatients at a substance abuse center in Stockholm, Sweden. METHODS: All male patients under the age of 50 were asked whether they had used AAS during a 2-month period. An AAS survey was administered to those who reported AAS experiences in the admittance interview. RESULTS: Twenty of the 175 respondents (11%) reported using AAS. The most frequently reported motives were related to anabolic effects (i.e., for a good-looking body, to become stronger, or to perform better in sports). However, some users reported other motives; for example, to conceal concomitant drug use, to alleviate insecurity or low self-esteem, to become brave, or in preparation of committing a crime. Furthermore, many respondents reported side effects that were associated with AAS; most notably, irritability and depression/suicidal ideation. CONCLUSION: Some users of illicit drugs also use AAS for reasons other than the anabolic properties of these compounds. Therefore, considering that AAS may cause or contribute to diverse morbidity, it is important to ask users of illicit drugs about AAS use, even when obvious external signs of AAS use are lacking.

  • 4.
    Petersson, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Garle, Mats
    Granath, Fredrik
    Thiblin, Ingemar
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Morbidity and mortality in patients testing positively for the presence of anabolic androgenic steroids in connection with receiving medical care. A controlled retrospective cohort study.2006In: Drug Alcohol Depend, ISSN 0376-8716, Vol. 81, no 3, p. 215-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Petersson, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Garle, Mats
    Holmgren, Per
    Druid, Henrik
    Krantz, Peter
    Thiblin, Ingemar
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Toxicological findings and manner of death in autopsied users of anabolic androgenic steroids.2006In: Drug Alcohol Depend, ISSN 0376-8716, Vol. 81, no 3, p. 241-9Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6. Petersson, Anna
    et al.
    Klötz, Fia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Forensic Medicine.
    Voltaire-Carlsson, Anette
    Bengtsson, Johanna
    Granath, Fredrik
    Thiblin, Ingemar
    Use of anabolic androgenic steroids at an outpatient substance abuse clinic in Stockholm, SwedenManuscript (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Thiblin, Ingemar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Petersson, Anna
    Pharmacoepidemiology of anabolic androgenic steroids: a review.2005In: Fundam Clin Pharmacol, ISSN 0767-3981, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 27-44Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 7 of 7
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