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  • 1.
    Bali, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen. School of Social Science, Södertörn University, Sweden; Misum (the Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets), Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Center for European Research in Microfinance (Cermi) at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management.
    Environmental Challenges in the Baltic Region2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores environmental challenges in the Baltic region from an economic perspective. Featuring contributions from regional experts from Nordic, Baltic and Eastern European countries it addresses the response to eutrophication caused by increased loads of nutrients to the sea from agriculture, wastewater, industry and traffic, and cost-effective solutions to reach the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) targets, set up through the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM). Contributions also explore the environmental impacts of rural landscape change during the post-communist period in the Baltic Sea region and a review of the ex-post evaluations of the costs and benefits generated by Baltic Sea nutrient abatement policies. Public policies towards marine protection, wind power establishment, and attitudes to paying for environmental protection, environmental resilience and the international cooperation in the Baltic region are also discussed.

  • 2.
    Bali, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    The Agrarian Credit Markets, Rate of Interest and the Collateral: Some Indian Evidence.1995Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Bali, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Garikipati, Supriya
    Microfinancein the Global South: Examining Evidence on Social Efficacy2019Ingår i: Handbook of Feminist Economics / [ed] G. Berik and E. Kongar, Routledge, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    A Critical Report on the Econometric Analysis of the Prices of Food Grains in India1997Ingår i: Economic Development And Agricultural Productivity / [ed] Amit Bhaduri and Rune Skarstein, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 1997Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Can Microfinance Empower Women? Self-Help Groups in India2007Ingår i: Dialogue, ISSN 1990-9357, Vol. 37, s. 61-82Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Contemporary Macroeconomic Issues in Developing Economies2004Ingår i: Contemporary Issues in Macroeconomic Management / [ed] B.N. Ghosh, Leeds, UK: Wisdom House , 2004, s. 45-68Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Credit programs in Eritrea1998Ingår i: Afraca NewsletterArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 8.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Credit Rationing in Rural India2002Ingår i: Journal of Economic Development, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 1-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The view that households are credit rationed by the formal sector, rests on the assumptions that all households have a positive demand for formal credit and it is a cheaper source for borrowing. To empirically verify formal credit rationing three different models are estimated in this paper. The first model is a conventional credit-rationing model. The second model assumes that the probability to borrow from the formal sector is jointly determined by the demand for credit and the decision of the bank on access. Finally, the third model relaxes both these assumptions and the household chooses between borrowing from the formal or the informal sector. Empirical results using recently collected data from Puri, India, confirm that the access to the formal sector in the rural credit markets is limited and there exists a high demand for credit. This suggests a high degree of effective credit rationing by the formal sector in Puri.

  • 9.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Demand, segmentation and rationing in the rural credit markets of Puri2001Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of five chapters.

    Chapter 1 and 2 The first chapter presents the introduction and the summary and the second chapter provides details on the survey and the data collection.

    Chapter 3 The demand and supply of credit in the rural finance markets are investigated in this paper using data on 989 households, in Orissa, India. The aim is to study the effects of household, farm productive characteristics and the policy variables on the demand and supply of credit. A type 3 Tobit model is estimated which corrects for sample selection and endogeniety bias. In addition, a generalised Double Hurdle model is estimated where the household's access to credit is treated distinctly from decisions about the interest rate charged. The results from the type 3 tobit model suggest that the size of the operational holdings, net-wealth, the dependency ratio, educational level of the household and the wages and output prices are important determinants of the demand and supply of credit. The Double Hurdle model suggests the important result that the size of land owned plays a crucial role in whether the household obtains a loan or not.

    Chapter 4 Based on the 'Rural Credit Market Survey of the Puri district in India', this paper investigates evidence on segmentation in the rural credit markets of Puri district. It further investigates the presence of any systematic association between the type of collateral offered by the household and the rate of interest at which it borrows. The data shows differences in the loan characteristics between the households borrowing from the formal and the informal sector. The empirical results confirm the presence of segmentation in the Puri credit market. For the households borrowing from the informal sector and the moneylenders, evidence also shows that the marketability of the collateral is inversely related to the interest rate. However, no such clear relationship is found for households borrowing from the formal sector.

    Chapter 5 In the theoretical and the empirical literature on rural credit markets it is widely assumed that the households are credit rationed in the formal sector, which offers subsidised credit. This view rests on the assumptions that all households have a positive demand for formal credit and that it is the cheaper source of credit. Three different models of formal credit rationing are estimated in this paper. The first model is a conventional credit-rationing model. The second model assumes that the probability to borrow from the formal sector is jointly determined by the demand for credit and the decision of the bank on access. Finally, the third model relaxes both these assumptions and the household chooses between borrowing from the formal or the informal sector. The results confirm that the access to the formal sector in the Puri rural credit markets is limited and that there exists a high demand for credit. This suggests a high degree of effective credit rationing by the formal sector in Puri.

  • 10.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Differential impact of microfinance delivery mechanism on vulnerability2012Ingår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 19, nr 8, s. 721-724Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance reduces vulnerability. We investigate if this impact varies by the delivery mechanism used. Correcting for the membership selection bias using Propensity Score Matching (PSM), the household's vulnerability is estimated using the Self-Help Group (SHG) microfinance programme data in India. The results show that the reduction in vulnerability is greater for villages with better infrastructure and for SHGs that are formed by NGOs and linked by banks (linkage model 2).

  • 11.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Evidence from Impact Assessment: Is Microfinance a Good Poverty Alleviation Strategy?2004Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Financial Services for low-income households2009Ingår i: Journal of Human Development, Vol. 1, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Financial Services for low-income households2010Ingår i: Handbook of human development and management / [ed] Ashutosh Priya, New Dehli: Serials Publications , 2010, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 173-205Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 14. Bali Swain, Ranjula
    M. Floro and Bali Swain, R., "Food Security, Gender and Occupational Choice Among Urban Low-Income Households" Working paper No. 2010-6, Department of Economics, American University, Washington DC, May 20102010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Microfinance: a Catalyst for Development at Macroeconomic Level?2006Ingår i: Finance & the Common Good/Bien Commun, ISSN 1422-4658, nr 25, s. 83-87Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Microfinance and Women empowerment2007Ingår i: Microfinance: Impacts and Insights, ICFAI University Press , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Microfinance and Women's empowerment: evidence from the self help group bank linkage programme in India2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is an extract from research work within microfinance at the Department of Economics at Uppsala University done by the author Ranjula Bali Swain. The purpose of the paper is to capture the relationship between microfinance and Millennium Development Goal number three, which concerns gender equality and women empowerment. The research is based on the Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme in India and has revealed that the clients are in fact in the process of empowering themselves. The results show however that a greater emphasis needs to be placed on business training and awareness programmes. Therefore a minimalist approach to microfinance might not have the same outcome.

  • 18. Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Microfinance- inefficient universal cure or medicine? (Mikrofinansiering – ineffektivt botemedel eller universalmedicin?, in Swedish)2010Ingår i: Framtider, nr 1, s. 9-11Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Mikrofinansiering av småskaliga kooperativ och företag som drivs av kvinnor i utvecklingsländer är ett ämne som väckt stor uppmärksamhet de senaste åren. Kan mikrofinansiering starta en ekonomisk utveckling som kommer de fattiga till godo i stor skala? Eller måste denna mikroekonomi ha draghjälp av andra drivkrafter för att kunna lyfta människor ur fattigdomen? Nationalekonomen Ranjula Bali Swain reder ut begreppen.

  • 19.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Money With a Mission, Volume 1, Microfinance and Poverty Reduction, by James Copestake, Martin Greely, Susan Johnson, Naila Kabeer, and Anton Simanowitz. Warwickshire, UK: Practical Action, 2006. 272 pp. ISBN-978-18533961442009Ingår i: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 103-106Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Participation: Challenges for Policy and Practice in Approaches to Poverty Reduction and DemocratisationIngår i: Developing Participation: Challenges for Policy and Practice in Approaches to Poverty Reduction and Democratisation, Uppsala University Collegium for development studies: 2004Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Reducing Poverty and Empowering Women through Microfinance2010Ingår i: International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: concepts, research, policy / [ed] Sylvia Chant, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2010, s. 594-598Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Self Help Group Bank Linkage Program in India2013Ingår i: Micfrofinanzas y Banca Social (Microfinance and Social Bank Review)Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    The Demand and Supply of Credit for households2007Ingår i: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 39, nr 21, s. 2681-2692Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand and supply of credit in the rural credit markets is investigated in this article using household data from India. The aim is to study the effects of household, farm productive characteristics and the policy variables on the demand and supply of credit. A type 3 Tobit model is estimated which corrects for sample selection and endogeniety bias. In addition, a generalized Double Hurdle model is estimated where the information on the household's access to credit is included to estimate the demand and supply of credit. The results suggest that the size of the operational holdings, net-wealth, dependency ratio, educational level of the household and the wages and output prices are important determinants of the demand and supply of credit for farm households. The Double Hurdle model confirms that the 'size of land owned' plays a crucial role in whether the household has access to a loan or not.

  • 24.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    The impact of microfinance on factors empowering women: Differences in regional and delivery mechanisms in India's SHG programme2016Ingår i: Journal of Development Studies, ISSN 0022-0388, E-ISSN 1743-9140, ISSN ISSN 0022-0388Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how the impact on women empowerment varies with respect to the location and type of group linkage of the respondent. Using household survey data from five states in India, we correct for selection bias to estimate a structural equation model. Our results reveal that in the southern states of India empowerment of women takes place through economic factors. For the other states, we find a significant correlation between women empowerment and autonomy in women’s decision-making and network, communication and political participation respectively. We do not however find any differential causal impact of different delivery methods (linkage models).

  • 25.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    The Microfinance Impact2012Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Financial inclusion through microfinance has become a powerful force in improving the living conditions of poor farmers, rural non-farm enterprises and other vulnerable groups. In its unique ability to link the existing extensive network of India’s rural bank branches with the Self Help Groups (SHG), the National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has covered up to 97 million poor households by March 2010 under its Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme. Policy-makers have proclaimed SHGs as ‘‘the most potent initiative … for delivering financial services to the poor in a sustainable manner."

    This book presents a comprehensive scientific assessment of the impact of the Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP) on the member households. The book discusses wide-ranging topics, including the rural financial sector in India, the history and structure of the SBLP, the impact methodologies, the economic and social impact of microfinance, its role in building assets while reducing poverty and vulnerability, the role of women and their empowerment, training and accumulation of human capital and policy implications of lessons learned.

    The empirical results show that vulnerability of the more mature SHG members declines significantly. Vulnerability also falls for villages with better infrastructure and for SHGs that are formed by NGOs and linked by banks. The results strongly demonstrate that on average, there is a significant increase in the empowerment of the female participants. The economic impact of SBLP is found to be the most empowering. Greater autonomy and changes in social attitudes also lead to female empowerment. The investigation further reveals that training (especially business training) has a definite positive impact on assets but not on income. The impact of training can be improved through better infrastructure (as in paved roads), linkage model type, and the training organiser.

    Bridging the gap in the existing literature and between academics and practitioners, this book moves beyond the usual theoretical issues in the impact assessment literature and draws on new developments in methodology. It will be of interest to academics, development practitioners and students of economics, political science, sociology, public policy and development studies.

  • 26.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Andrehn, Inga-Lynn
    Christensen, Jens
    Finnegan, Gerry
    Steps Towards Impact Assessment of SED Interventions on Employment, SEED, ILO2002Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Floro, Maria
    Assessing the Effect of Microfinance on Vulnerability and Poverty among Low Income Households2012Ingår i: Journal of Development Studies, ISSN 0022-0388, E-ISSN 1743-9140, Vol. 48, nr 5, s. 605-618Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We empirically investigate whether participation in the Indian Self Help Group (SHG) microfinance programme has helped reduced poverty and household vulnerability using cross-sectional SHG rural household survey data. The potential selection bias is eliminated by propensity score matching to estimate the average treatment on treated effect using nearest neighbour matching and a local linear regression algorithm. We find that vulnerability in SHG members is not significantly higher than in non-SHG members, even though the SHG members have a high incidence of poverty. However, vulnerability declines significantly for those that have been SHG members for more than one year. These results are found to be robust using sensitivity analysis and the Rosenbaum bounds method.

  • 28.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Floro, Maria
    Effect Of Microfinance On Vulnerability, Poverty and Risk In Low Income Households2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Uncertainty and unpredictability faced by low-income households increase their vulnerability making poverty even more unbearable. India’s National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)-initiated Self-Help Group (SHG) program, which is currently the largest and fastest growing microfinance program in the developing world, has been aggressively promoted as a way of combating poverty. This paper investigates whether or not SHG participation results in reducing poverty and vulnerability. A theoretical framework is developed to examine the mechanisms through which the pecuniary and non-pecuniary effects of the SHG program on the beneficiaries’ earnings and empowerment, influence their households’ ability to manage risk. Going beyond the traditional poverty estimates, we use a vulnerability measure which quantifies the welfare loss associated with poverty as well as different types of risks like aggregate and idiosyncratic risks. Applying this measure to an Indian panel survey data for 2000 and 2003, we find that SHG members have lower vulnerability as compared to a group of non-SHG (control) members. Furthermore, we find that the poverty contributes to about 80 percent of the vulnerability faced by the household followed by aggregate risk.

  • 29.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Floro, Maria
    Microfinance, Vulnerability and Poverty among Low Income Households2014Ingår i: International review of applied economics, ISSN 0269-2171, E-ISSN 1465-3486, Vol. 28, nr 5, s. 539-561Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 30.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Floro, Maria
    Microfinance, Vulnerability and Risk in Low Income Households2014Ingår i: International review of applied economics, ISSN 0269-2171, E-ISSN 1465-3486, Vol. 28, nr 5, s. 539-561Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate if participation in the Indian Self Help Group (SHG) program results in reducing poverty and vulnerability. The theoretical framework examines the mechanisms through which the pecuniary and non-pecuniary effects of the SHG impacts the households’ ability to manage risk. We use a vulnerability measure that quantifies the welfare loss associated with poverty and different types of risks, on an Indian panel survey data. Our results show that SHG members are less vulnerable compared with a group of non-SHG (control) members. About 80% of the vulnerability faced by the households is poverty related.

  • 31.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Floro, Maria
    Department of Economics, American University.
    Reducing Vulnerability through Microfinance: Evidence from Indian Self Help Group Program2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate if participation in Indian Self Help Group microfinance program (SHG) results in reducing vulnerability. Vulnerability estimates are constructed using cross-sectional SHG rural household survey data, collected in 2003. The potential selection bias is eliminated by propensity score matching to estimate the average treatment on treated effect using nearest neighbour matching and local linear regression algorithm. We find that despite a disproportionately high percentage of poor in the SHG members, vulnerability is not significantly different between the SHG and non-SHG members. This result is found to be robust using sensitivity analysis and Rosenbaum bounds method.

  • 32.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Hilding, Per
    Impact of Technological Change on the Incidence of Child Labour in the Indian Match Industry2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Indian match industry in the southern state of Tamil  Nadu has been characterized by child labour and a stagnant technology for  over half a century. We investigate the technological changes and  industrial restructuring, catalysed by the changing duty structure that has  moved the match industry towards greater mechanization. Our examination  indicates that increased mechanization in the production processes has  implied greater demand for skilled labour and a decline in child labour.

  • 33.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Jonsson, Per
    Microfinance in Sweden2009Ingår i: Handbook of microcredit in Europe : social inclusion through microenterprise development / [ed] Bárbara Jayo Carboni, Maricruz Lacalle Calderón, Silvia Rico Garrido, Karl Dayson, Jill Kickul, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, s. 239-246Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Kar, Ashim
    Competition in Microfinance: Does it affect Performance, Portfolio quality and Capitalization?2014Ingår i: Microfinance Institutions: Financial and Social Performance / [ed] Roy Mersland and Øystein Strøm, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing competition amongst the microfinanceinstitutions (MFIs) in recent years has been blamed for the repayment crises inthe microfinance industry. This paper aims to investigate how competitionimpacts on MFIs’ outreach, financial performance, quality of loan portfolio andcapitalization. We control for potential endogeneity of the measures of marketpower. Employing Generalized Methods of Moments (GMM) estimation we find that increasedcompetition has no significant impact on MFIs’ depth of outreach andprofitability, but it can improve their capitalization levels. So, overall riskof MFIs’ can be offset to some extent by higher equity capital, if required ratios. 

  • 35.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Kar, Ashim
    Increased Competition among Microfinance Institutions and its effect on Outreach, Financial Performance and Efficiency: Recent Cross-country Evidence2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years the growing competition amongst the microfinance institutions (MFIs), has been blamed for the ‘repayment crisis’ in the microfinance industry. This paper is a comprehensive investigation of the impact of competition on the MFIs’ financial performance, outreach, repayment and efficiency. Using instrumental variables (IV) estimations to account for the endogeneity issues, the analysis is based on the global Microfinance Information Exchange (MIX) database. Preliminary results suggest that increased competition leads to lower efficiency but does not have an impact on MFIs’ financial performance, its outreach or repayment. 

  • 36.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Liljefrost, Emilia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The democratisation of finance: future directions for microfinance2005Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 37.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Ranganathan, Shyam
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen.
    Setting Sustainable Development Goals – A Dynamical Systems approach2014Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Employing a novel dynamical system modeling approach with global data, our best-fit model identifies the mechanisms for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions to under 44 gigatonnes of carbondioxide equivalent (GtCO2e) by 2020. Our results show that with a business-as-usual scenario the global emissions will reach 61 GtCO2e by 2020. We test the estimated parameters to suggest options to set the Sustainable Development Goals in the post-2015 scenario. The analysis shows that a democratic equal reduction in the total emissions of all countries would imply a reduction of about 27.6% . The burden of reducing emissions, however, would not change much if the top 25 global emitters (includes, China, India, United States, Canada, Germany etc.) bear the full burden of this reduction. In a business-as-usual scenario where no global emission cuts are implemented, the model suggests that the emission-reduction technology should improve by at least 2.6 percent and tastes and preferences should improve by 3.5 percent, if the global emissions reduction target is to be met.

  • 38.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    van Lieshout, susanne
    Assessment Guidelines to the Quasi-Experimental Design for I-WEB and Managing People programmes in Trinidad and Tobago2001Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Van Sanh, Nguyen
    Van Tuan, Vo
    Microfinance and Poverty Reduction in the Mekong Delta in Vietnam2008Ingår i: African and Asian Studies, ISSN 1569-2094, E-ISSN 1569-2108, Vol. 7, nr 2-3, s. 191-215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One common solution to resolve poverty is providing microfinance to the poor. Microfinance has been claimed to positively impact the livelihoods of the poor through accumulation of social, human, financial, natural, and physical assets. This paper empirically examines if microfinance contributes to the reduction of poverty in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. Analysing household survey data collected in 2006, from Hoa An commune in the Mekong Delta area, it investigates if microfinance leads to accumulation of assets. It further investigates how poor women are enabled to adopt livelihood strategies that lead to poverty reduction. Information is collected by implementing a household survey. This is further supplemented with qualitative information from Participatory Rural Appraisal, interviews with key informants and focus group discussions with members and non-members of the microfinance programs in the area. The main findings suggest that the process of accumulation of assets, leads to creation of livelihoods that result in increased household income and poverty reduction.

  • 40.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, A.
    Delivery mechanisms and impact of microfinance training in indian self-help groups2013Ingår i: Journal of International Development, ISSN 0954-1748, E-ISSN 1099-1328, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 11-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of delivery mechanisms for training provided by facilitators of self-help groups. Indian self-help groups are unique in that they are mainly non-government organisation-formed microfinance groups but later funded by commercial banks. We correct for both membership and training endogeneity. Training impacts assets but not income. Underlying conditions that benefit training include better infrastructure (as in paved roads), linkage model type and training organiser.

  • 41.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, Adel
    Department of Economics, Texas A & M University.
    Being Patient with Microfinance: The Impact of Training on Indian Self Help Groups2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the impact of training provided by facilitators of Self Help Groups (SHGs).  This evaluation provides one of the first studies of the impact of ‘microfinance plus,’ or the disbursement of services beyond credit. Indian SHGs are mainly NGO-formed microfinance groups but funded by commercial banks. We correct for membership selection bias with data on current as well as future SHG members. We then account for potential training endogeneity with propensity score matching. Regression and unadjusted matching results indicate that training does not aid in asset accumulation but can reverse the negative impact of credit on income.  However, regression adjusted matching which controls for both participation and training selection bias reveals that training impacts assets but not income. These results are robust to sensitivity analyses performed on these estimates.

  • 42.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, Adel
    Department of Economics, Texas A & M University, TAMU 4228.
    Delivery Mechanisms and Impact of Training through Microfinance2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of delivery mechanisms for training provided by facilitators of self help groups (SHGs). Indian SHGs are unique in that they are mainly NGO ‐formed microfinance group  but later funded by commercial banks. We correct for both membership and training endogeneity. Training impacts assets but not income. Underlying conditions that benefit training include better infrastructure (as in paved roads), linkage model type, and training organizer.

  • 43.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, Adel
    Does Self Help Group Participation Lead to Asset Creation?2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of Self Help Group participation on a long term impact parameter, namely asset creation. Indian Self Help Groups (SHGs) are unique in that they are mainly NGO-formed microfinance groups but later funded by commercial banks. The results reveal that longer membership in SHGs positively impacts asset creation, robust to various asset specifications. With longer participation in SHGs, members move away from pure agriculture as an income source towards other sources such as livestock income. Training by NGOs positively impacts asset creation but the type of SHG linkage per se has no effect.

  • 44.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, Adel
    Uppsala universitet.
    Does Self Help Group Participation Lead to Asset Creation?2009Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 37, nr 10, s. 1674-1682Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of Self Help Group participation on a long term impact parameter, namely asset creation. Indian Self Help Groups (SHGs) are unique in that they are mainly NGO-formed microfinance groups but later funded by commercial banks. The results reveal that longer membership in SHGs positively impacts asset creation, robust to various asset specifications. With longer participation in SHGs, members move away from pure agriculture as an income source towards other sources such as livestock income. Training by NGOs positively impacts asset creation but the type of SHG linkage per se has no effect.

  • 45.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, Adel
    Evaluating the Impact of Training in Self Help Groups in India2014Ingår i: European Journal of Development Research, ISSN 0957-8811, E-ISSN 1743-9728, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 870-885Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article evaluates the impact of widespread training programmes provided by the Self-Help Group (SHG) programme. Indian SHGs are primarily non-governmental organisation (NGO)-formed microfinance groups funded by commercial banks. This article employs evaluation techniques appropriate for current borrowers of a national programme. In addition, the article addresses the double selection issue of membership and training. We correct for membership selection bias using a pipeline method. We then account for training endogeneity with propensity score matching. The results of regression-adjusted matching (which controls for both participation and training selection bias) reveal that specialised training, such as business training, has a greater impact on assets than general training. Furthermore, NGOs should specialise in business training. Sensitivity analyses confirm the robustness of these results.

  • 46.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, Adel
    Department of Economics, Texas A & M University.
    Microfinance ‘Plus’: The Impact of Business Training on Indian Self Help Groups2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The provision of business training with microfinance leads to a positive impact on assets for the participating households. We correct for membership selection bias and account for potential training endogeneity with propensity score matching, using data from the Self Help Group microfinance program in India.

  • 47.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, Adel
    Reassessing the Impact of SHG Participation with Non-experimental Approaches2011Ingår i: Economic and Political Weekly, ISSN 0012-9976, Vol. 46, nr 11, s. 50-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper critiques recent work that measures the impact of self-help groups, and explains the biases that result from this assessment. Using survey data, it is shown that the methodologies used yield results that misstate the impact. A categorical breakdown is proposed to improve upon these studies, and a simple alternative procedure, the pipeline method, is then estimated to properly correct for selection bias. The results indicate that SHG participation has an impact on assets, livestock income, and salaries. Applying more advanced methods, training is also found to have a positive impact on assets, and empowerment is found to increase with SHG participation.

  • 48.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Varghese, Adel
    The Impact of Skill Development and Human Capital Training on Self Help Groups2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate the effect of training, in both skill development and human capital, provided by facilitators of self help groups (SHGs). Indian SHGs are unique in that they are mainly NGO-formed microfinance groups but later funded by commercial banks. The results suggest that, in general, training does not impact assets but training can reverse the potentially negative effect of credit on income. Moreover, training is more effective for asset accumulation in villages with better infrastructure. In terms of training delivery, results show that the most effective linkage is when NGOs form groups and banks finance SHGs.

  • 49.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Wallentin, Fan Yang
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informationsvetenskap, Statistik.
    Does Microfinance Empower Women?: Evidence from Self Help Groups in India2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance programs like the Self Help Bank Linkage Program in India have been increasingly promoted for their positive economic impact and the belief that they empower women. However, only a few studies rigorously examine the link between microfinance and women’s empowerment. This paper contributes by arguing that women empowerment takes place when women challenge the existing social norms and culture, to effectively improve their well being. It empirically validates this hypothesis by using quasi-experimental household sample data collected for five states in India for 2000 and 2003. A general structural model is estimated by employing appropriate techniques to treat the ordinal variables in  order to estimate the impact of the Self Help Group (SHG) on women empowerment for 2000 and 2003. The results strongly demonstrate that on average, there is a significant increase in the women empowerment of the SHG members group. No such significant change is observed however, for the members of the control group. The elegance of the result lies in the fact that the group of SHG participants show clear evidence of a significant and higher empowerment, while allowing for the possibility that some members might have been more empowered than others.

  • 50.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Wallentin, Fan Yang
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informationsvetenskap, Statistik.
    Economic or Non-Economic Factors – What Empowers Women?2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance programs like Self Help Group Bank linkage program (SHG), aim to empower women through provision of financial services. We investigate this further to determine whether it is the economic or the non-economic factors that have a greater impact on empowering women. Using household survey data on SHG from India, a general structural model is adopted where the latent women empowerment and its latent components (economic factors and financial confidence, managerial control, behavioural changes, education and networking, communication and political participation and awareness) are measured using observed indicators. The results show that for SHG members, economic factors, managerial control and behavioural changes are the most significant factors in empowering women.

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