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  • 1.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Is tolerance good or bad for growth?2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate to what extent tolerance, as measured by attitudes toward different types of neighbors, affects economic growth. Data from the World Values Survey enable us to investigate tolerance–growth relationships for 54 countries. We provide estimates based on cross-sectional as well as panel-data regressions. In addition we test for robustness with respect to model specification and sample composition. Unlike previous studies, by Richard Florida and others, we find that tolerance toward homosexuals is negatively related to growth. For tolerance toward people of a different race, we do not find robust results, but the sign of the estimated coefficients is positive, suggesting that inclusion of people irrespective of race makes good use of productive capacity. We propose mechanisms to explain these divergent findings, which clarify why different kinds of tolerance may be of different economic importance.

  • 2.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    Ratioinstitutet.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Is tolerance good or bad for growth?2012In: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 150, no 1-2, p. 283-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate how tolerance, as measured by attitudes toward different types of neighbors, affects economic growth in a sample of 54 countries. Unlike previous studies, by Richard Florida and others, we find that tolerance toward homosexuals is negatively related to growth. For tolerance toward people of a different race, we do not find robust results, but the sign of the estimated coefficients is positive, suggesting that inclusion of people irrespective of race makes good use of productive capacity. We propose mechanisms to explain these divergent findings, which clarify why different kinds of tolerance may be ofdifferent economic importance.

  • 3. Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tolerance and growth: modeling the empirical relationship2012In: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 153, no 3-4, p. 495-502Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We showed, in Berggren and Elinder (2012), that tolerance toward homosexuals is negatively and quite robustly related to economic growth. In a comment, Bornhoff and Lee (this issue) question this finding on model-specification grounds. By undertaking three changes, they purport to show that our main result does not hold. In this article, we demonstrate that one of these changes is inconsequential (replacing GDP per capita by its logarithm in controlling for conditional convergence) and argue that two of them are questionable. First, the removal of certain central control variable risks introducing omitted variable bias and inconsistent estimates. Second, regional dummy variables are added on arbitrary grounds. For example, by using regional dummy variables that are just as reasonable as the Baltic dummy used by Bornhoff and Lee, we find that significance for tolerance toward homosexuals reappears in our empirical model. In all, this implies that there are good grounds for considering the negative relationship between tolerance towards homosexuals and growth valid, Bornhoff and Lee's claims notwithstanding.

  • 4.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    Ratio Institute.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    Trust and growth: A shaky relationship2008In: Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, E-ISSN 1435-8921, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 251-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We conduct an extensive robustness analysis of the relationship between trust and growth by investigating a later time period and a bigger sample than in previous studies. In addition to robustness tests that focus on model uncertainty, we systematize the investigation of outlier influence on the results by using the robust estimation technique Least Trimmed Squares. We find that when outliers (especially China) are removed, the trust-growth relationship is no longer robust. On average, the trust coefficient is half as large as in previous findings.

  • 5.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    1. Trust and Growth: A Shaky Relationship. 2. Local Economies and General Elections.2006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 6.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Correcting mistakes: cognitive dissonance and political attitudes in Sweden and the United States2012In: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 153, no 1-2, p. 235-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive dissonance theory predicts that the act of voting makes people more positive toward the party or candidate they have voted for. Following Mullainathan and Washington (Am. Econ. J. Appl. Econ. 1:86-111, 2009), I test this prediction by using exogenous variation in turnout provided by the voting age restriction. I improve on previous studies by investigating political attitudes, measured just before elections, when they are highly predictive of voting. In contrast to earlier studies I find no effect of voting on political attitudes. This result holds for both Sweden and the United States.

  • 7.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Den ekonomiska människan2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Essays on Economic Voting, Cognitive Dissonance, and Trust2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay 1: (with Henrik Jordahl and Panu Poutvaara) We present and test a theory of prospective and retrospective pocketbook voting. Focusing on two large reforms in Sweden, we establish a causal chain from policies to sizeable individual gains and losses and then to voting. The Social Democrats proposed budget cuts affecting parents with young children before the 1994 election, but made generous promises to the same group before the 1998 election. Since parents with older children were largely unaffected we use a difference-in-differences strategy for identification. We find clear evidence of prospective pocketbook voting. Voters respond to campaign promises but not to the later implementation of the reforms.

  • 9.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Local Economies and General Elections2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper estimates voters’ response to municipality and regional level unemployment and economic growth, in Swedish general elections from 1985 to 2002, using data on 284 municipalities and 9 regions. An increase in regional growth or a reduction in regional unemployment by one percentage point is associated with an increase in the support for the national government by about 0.8 and 1.1 percentage points. Changes in unemployment and growth at the municipality level seem to have much smaller effects on government support.

  • 10.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Local economies and general elections: The influence of municipal and regional economic conditions on voting in Sweden 1985-20022010In: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 279-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a detailed analysis of voters' responses to municipality and regional-level unemployment and economic growth, using panel data on 284 municipalities and 9 regions, covering Swedish general elections from 1982 to 2002. The preferred specification suggests that a reduction in regional unemployment by one percentage point is associated with an increase in the support for the national government by about 1.7 percentage points. The effect of growth, at the regional level, is substantial in size, but statistically insignificant. At the municipality level, unemployment has a smaller effect than at the regional level and growth has no effect on government support.

  • 11.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bursjö, Robert
    Arlandabanan på villovägar2002In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Erixson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Every man for himself: Gender, Norms and Survival in Maritime Disasters2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the sinking of the Titanic, there has been a widespread belief that the social norm of ‘women and children first’ gives women a survival advantage over men in maritime disasters, and that captains and crew give priority to passengers. We analyze a database of 18 maritime disasters spanning three centuries, covering the fate of over 15,000 individuals of more than 30 nationalities. Our results provide a new picture of maritime disasters. Women have a distinct survival disadvantage compared to men. Captains and crew survive at a significantly higher rate than passengers. We also find that the captain has the power to enforce normative behavior, that the gender gap in survival rates has declined, that women have a larger disadvantage in British shipwrecks, and that there seems to be no association between duration of a disaster and the impact of social norms. Taken together, our findings show that behavior in life-and-death situation is best captured by the expression ‘Every man for himself’.

  • 13.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Erixson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Gender, social norms, and survival in maritime disasters2012In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 109, no 33, p. 13220-13224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the sinking of the Titanic, there has been a widespread belief that the social norm of "women and children first" (WCF) gives women a survival advantage over men in maritime disasters, and that captains and crew members give priority to passengers. We analyze a database of 18 maritime disasters spanning three centuries, covering the fate of over 15,000 individuals of more than 30 nationalities. Our results provide a unique picture of maritime disasters. Women have a distinct survival disadvantage compared with men. Captains and crew survive at a significantly higher rate than passengers. We also find that: the captain has the power to enforce normative behavior; there seems to be no association between duration of a disaster and the impact of social norms; women fare no better when they constitute a small share of the ship's complement; the length of the voyage before the disaster appears to have no impact on women's relative survival rate; the sex gap in survival rates has declined since World War I; and women have a larger disadvantage in British shipwrecks. Taken together, our findings show that human behavior in life-and-death situations is best captured by the expression "every man for himself."

  • 14.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Erixson, Oscar
    IFN.
    Escobar, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Estates, bequests, and inheritances in Sweden - A look into the Belinda databases2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to describe two new administrative

    Swedish databases, referred to as the Belinda databases. Together, these

    databases contain the most detailed individual-level data on estates, bequests,

    and inheritances currently available. We present descriptive statistics

    for the key variables in the databases to give a picture of the size of

    estates, the content of the bequests, and who the recipients of the inheritances

    are. The statistics may serve as a point of reference for other

    scholars, but also as an illustration of the various research possibilities that

    the databases provide and how the data can be matched with other administrative

    registers. We also, briefly, describe the institutional context

    regarding intergenerational transfers in Sweden, including the inheritance

    law and the inheritance tax.

  • 15.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Erixson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mindre arbete, högre inkomster – arvingens lott2011In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 70-78Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi studerar när och hur mycket arvingars arbetsutbud och sparande reagerar på arv. Detta gör vi genom att följa bröstarvingar som ärvde 2004 under perioden 2000–08. Vårt första huvudresultat är att ju mer arvingen ärver desto lägre blir arbetsinkomsten. Denna effekt på arbetsutbudet kommer under åren efter att arvingen har ärvt. Vi finner också tecken på förväntningseffekter som påverkar arbetsutbudet redan före överföringen. Vårt andra huvudresultat är att ju mer arvingen ärver, desto högre blir kapitalinkomsten. Denna spareffekt uppträder bara under åren omedelbart efter det att arvingen har ärvt och försvinner efter ett par år.

  • 16.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Erixson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The impact of inheritances on heirs' labor and capital income2012In: The B.E. Journals in Economic Analysis & Policy, ISSN 1935-1682, E-ISSN 1935-1682, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 61-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to study when and how much labor and capital income of heirs respond to inheritances. We estimate fixed effects models following direct heirs, inheriting in 2004, during the years 2000-2008 using Swedish panel data. Our first main result is that the more the heir inherits, the lower her labor income becomes. This labor income effect appears in the years after the heir had inherited and is stronger for old heirs than for young heirs. We also find evidence of anticipation effects that occur before the actual transfer. Our second main result is that the more the heir inherits, the higher her capital income becomes. This effect only appears in the years after receiving the inheritance. It seems to be dissipating after a couple of years.

  • 17.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Erixson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Waldenstrom, Daniel
    Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden; IZA, CEPR, Paris Sch Econ, Paris, France.
    Inheritance and wealth inequality: Evidence from population registers2018In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 165, p. 17-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses population register data on inheritances and wealth in Sweden to estimate the causal impact of inheritances on wealth inequality. We find that inheritances reduce wealth inequality, as measured by the Gini coefficient or top wealth shares, but that they increase absolute dispersion. This duality in effects stems from the fact that even though richer heirs inherit larger amounts, the relative importance of the inheritance is larger for less wealthy heirs, who inherit more relative to their pre-inheritance wealth. This is in part driven by the fact that heirs do not inherit debts, which makes the distribution of inheritances more equal than the distribution of wealth among the heirs. Behavioral adjustments seem to mitigate the equalizing effect of inheritances, possibly through higher consumption among the poorer heirs. Inheritance taxation counteracts the equalizing inheritance effect, but redistribution of inheritance tax revenues can reverse this result and make the inheritance tax equalizing. Finally, we also find that inheritances increase intragenerational wealth mobility, but the effect is short-lived.

  • 18.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Erixson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Inheritance and wealth inequality: Evidence from population registers2015Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Res Inst Ind Econ, SE-10215 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Escobar, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Petré, Ingel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Consequences of a price incentive on free riding and electric energy consumption2017In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 114, no 12, p. 3091-3096Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article shows that a simple monetary incentive can dramatically reduce electric energy consumption (EEC) in the residential sector and simultaneously achieve a more desirable allocation of EEC costs. The analyses are based on data from a policy experiment conducted in 2011 and 2012 by a private housing company in about 1,800 apartments. Roughly 800 of the tenants (treatment group) were subject to a change from having unlimited EEC included in their rent to having to pay the market price for their own EEC. This change was achieved by installing EEC meters in each apartment. Tenants in the other 1,000 apartments (control group) experienced no policy change and were subject to apartment-level billing and metering during the entire study period. Using a quasiexperimental research design and daily data on EEC from 2007 to 2015, we estimate that apartment-level billing and metering permanently reduce EEC by about 25%. Moreover, we show that households reduce EEC immediately after being informed that they will be billed for EEC, the reduction is larger when the production cost is higher, and the reduction in EEC comes almost exclusively from households with very high EEC before the policy change. Finally, we show that apartment-level billing and metering are cost-effective, with a cost per reduced kilowatt hour of US$0.01, and for each invested dollar, the social value of reductions in air pollution, including CO2 emissions, is $2.

  • 20.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kommunpolitikers beslut och brukarnas val2013In: Välfärdstjänster i privat regi: Framväxt och drivkrafter / [ed] Henrik Jordahl, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2013, p. 143-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för näringslivsforskning.
    Kontrakt, kostnader och kvalitet2013In: Välfärdstjänster i privat regi: Framväxt och drivkrafter / [ed] Henrik Jordahl, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2013, p. 89-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Political preferences and public sector outsourcing2013In: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 30, p. 43-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the intensive and ideologically charged debate over the use of private contractors for publicly funded services, it is somewhat surprising that many social scientists have preferred to explain government outsourcing by the pursuit of economic efficiency. Starting out from different theories, we investigate political explanations of government outsourcing using a Swedish data set in which outsourcing varies between municipalities and over time, as well as between services. Our identification strategy focuses on two services with similar contracting problems and local market conditions: preschools and primary schools. We study a period in which Swedish municipalities had full discretion in the provision of preschools, while their influence on the private provision of primary education was limited by a national voucher system. The comparison of preschools with primary schools in a difference-in-differences model suggests that the political color of the ruling majority influences outsourcing, which is consistent with the Citizen Candidate model of representative democracy.

  • 23.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Poutvaara, Panu
    Promises, policies and pocketbook voting2015In: European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, E-ISSN 1873-572X, Vol. 75, p. 177-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do voters respond to political parties' promises or to their past actions? We use a suitable sequence of events in Swedish politics to provide the first answer to this question. In the 1994 election campaign the Social Democrats proposed major cuts in transfers to parents with young children, whereas in the 1998 campaign they promised to increase transfers. The Social Democrats won both elections and delivered on both promises. Using voting among parents with slightly older children as counterfactual, we find that voters with young children responded markedly to economic promises rather than to implemented policies.

  • 24.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Poutvaara, Panu
    Selfish and prospective: Theory and evidence of pocketbook votingReport (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Poutvaara, Panu
    Själviska ochframåtblickande väljare – Hur många röster köpte maxtaxan i barnomsorgen?2009In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Persson, Lovisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, POB 55665, SE-10215 Stockholm, Sweden.
    House price responses to a national property tax reform2017In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 144, p. 18-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that house prices in general did not respond to a substantial cut in the nationalproperty tax in Sweden. The estimates are based on rich register data covering more than 100,000 sales over a time period of two and a half years. Because the Swedish property tax isnational and thus unrelated to local public goods, our setting is ideal for causal identificationof the property tax on house prices. We observe price increases only in a small segment ofthe market containing properties with very high tax values. We discuss, but can admittedlynot empirically discriminate between, several potential explanations for why we find noevidence of capitalization except for the top segment of the market.

  • 27.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Lovisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Property taxation, bounded rationality and housing prices2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2008, the Swedish property tax was reformed and a cap on yearly tax liabilities

    was introduced. A large fraction of owner occupied houses was subject to a substantial

    decrease in the tax. When the reform was announced, most analysts projected - in

    line with tax capitalization theory - that the tax decrease would lead to signicant

    increases in house prices. We estimate price responses and capitalization degrees,

    using various DID strategies, in which the price dynamics of houses that were subject

    to a generous tax reduction are compared to the price dynamics of houses with a more

    modest reduction. Our results are largely inconsistent with capitalization theory. For

    the majority of properties, we nd no evidence that the tax cut led to increases in

    house prices. However, we nd evidence of partial capitalization in sub-markets with

    highly valued properties, highly educated citizens and were it is especially dicult to

    increase supply. We argue that theories of bounded rationality can help explain why

    house buyers may fail to take a tax decrease into account in the valuation of houses.

  • 28.
    Erixson, Oscar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Rädde sig den som kan!2012In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 26-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1 - 28 of 28
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