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  • 1.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    "De plågade oss som om de ville döda oss": Jugoslaviska fångar i Norge under andra världskriget i ljuset av nytt källmaterial2011In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 131, no 4, p. 745-771Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “They tormented us as if they wanted to kill us”: New light on Second World War Yugoslav camp prisoners in Norway

    The article provides new insights into the violence suffered by the more than four thousand Yugoslavs who were deported to Norway by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.Placed in labour camps throughout the country, they were made to work under extremely harsh conditions on projects such as road construction and military installations.

    The analysis focuses on the prisoners’ experience of camp life. Particular attention is paid to their interaction with prison guards and to the political conflicts that emerged within the prisoner group. The findings of sociologist Nils Christie on the camp guards are juxtaposed against new sources from Belgrade, which became fully available to scholars in the early 2000s. These new sources show how the camp administrations exploited the terrible hygienic conditions, malnutrition and negative stereotypes about a violence-prone “Balkan culture” to create emotional distance between prisoners and guards. The prisoners complained that they were not given enough food or sufficient opportunity to maintain their hygiene, which they attributed to a conscious policy on the part of the camp administration. Lice infestations, outbreaks of typhus and malaria, combined with extrajudicial executions, not least of prisoners who fell ill, resulted in a death toll of over sixty percent for the Yugoslavs. The Yugoslavs thus suffered among the highest death tolls of any national or ethnic community relocated to Scandinavia during the war. The analysis further deals with prisoner escapes to Sweden, which were often made possible by help from Norwegian civilians. Such experiences contributed to the very positive image of Norway and Norwegians in the witness statements taken by the Yugoslav embassy in Stockholm. These statements also show that the prisoners had a very positive view of how they were treated by the authorities upon arrival in Sweden.

  • 2.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Ethnic Violence in Occupied Yugoslavia: Mass Killing from Above and Below2010In: New Perspectives on Yugoslavia: Key Issues and Controversies / [ed] Djokic, Dejan and James Ker-Lindsay, London: Routledge , 2010Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    Fascism's European Empire: Italian Occupation during the Second World War2012In: J BALKAN NEAR E STUD, ISSN 1944-8953, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 469-471Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    Från Bleiburg till Jasenovac: Oberoende Staten Kroatien och den serbisk-kroatiska historikerstriden om andra världskrigets katastrofer2009In: Katastrofernas århundrade: historiska och verkningshistoriska perspektiv, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 163-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    Mapping Out the "Wasteland": Testimonies from the Serbian Commissariat for Refugees in the Service of Tudjman's Revisionism2009In: Holocaust and Genocide Studies, ISSN 8756-6583, E-ISSN 1476-7937, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 263-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a 1989 monograph, Franjo Tudjman used reprints of witness statements by Serbian former inmates of Jasenovac concentration camp that depicted the Jewish prisoners in a negative light. A close examination of the original documents indicates that Tudjman used these highly problematic accounts of life in the camp uncritically. The descriptions of events contained in the statements do not always correspond to one another, and some are contradicted by other sources. The author of this article shows that a conflict emerged between some Jews and some Serbs in Jasenovac in March 1942, and suggests that this may explain in part why some of the Serbian refugees made negative remarks about "Jewish" behavior. Although Tudjman almost certainly was aware that the sources were problematic, he nevertheless used them - apparently, the author concludes, in an attempt to foster political support within segments of the Croatian nationalist diaspora in North America.

  • 6.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Rethinking Violence: Motives and Modes of Mass Murder in the Independent State of Croatia 1941-19452015In: The Routledge History of Genocide / [ed] Carmichael, Cathie, Maguire Richard C, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 151-165Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Sentenced “for Ideological and Political Reasons”?: The Rehabilitation of Dragoljub “Draža” Mihailović and Social Memory in Serbia2012In: Sociologija, ISSN 00380318, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 625-648Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The author analyses the current process pertaining to the legal rehabilitation of Dragoljub "Draža" Mihailović, the leader of the Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland, by first placing the process in relation to European-wide trends of coming to terms with the past. He then moves to a discussion of the Serbian law on rehabilitation, where he points to a number of contradictions and inconsistencies, particularly with regard to the issue of whether war criminals can be rehabilitated. The author then turns to a historical analysis of Mihailović's wartime activities, with particular emphasis on the issues of treason and war crimes. It is the author's main argument that Mihailović became embroiled in various forms of collusion with the enemy, although these varied considerably over time. More importantly, however, Mihailović violated a number of legal principles of international humanitarian law, which means that he would have been sentenced today by any court applying the highest international standards of due process. While this would make him ineligible for rehabilitation according to recent political statements and the law of 2011, complications might arise due to the fact that Mihailović's case will be heard in accordance with a previous law from 2006.

  • 8.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Serbien: En stats- och nationsbildning i kris2009In: Det nya Östeuropa: stat och nation i förändring / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika, Johnny Rodin, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 275-299Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The patterns of violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Security, geography and the killing of civilians during the war of the 1990s2018In: Political Geography, ISSN 0962-6298, E-ISSN 1873-5096, Vol. 63, p. 148-158Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Utopias of Nation: Local Mass Killing in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1941-422005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the mechanisms of local mass violence perpetrated by the Croatian fascist Ustasha organisation and the Serbian nationalist Chetniks in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 1941–42. A theoretical and methodological model has been devised, that is based on an investigation the three “dimensions” of mass killing, namely intent, systematics and magnitude. Each of the dimensions are connected to the three phases of conceptualisation, implementation and realisation, which forms the “process of mass killing”.

    The conceptualisation phase relates to how the actors conceived their ideas of “ethnic purification” and exclusion, and how the ideology was mediated to the public. The analysis of the implementation phase aims at identifying the phases and levels of systematic destruction, and the social processes at work in the local communities, including how victims tried to cope and avoid perseution, public responses, and the motives for participating in terror. The third phase is dedicated to a statistical analysis in order to identify the magnitude of destruction, victim categories and the effects of policy changes.

    The empirical data is based on documents originating with the main belligerents, witness statements, memoirs, and statistical data. The conclusions are that the killings and persecution were well organised, although there were differences between the main belligerents. The study also shows that propaganda played a less important role for participation in mass killing than is frequently believed, while factors such as insecurity and the prospect of personal gain were more salient. The theoretical and methodological ap-proach proved particularly useful, since it showed that local circumstances significantly affect the destruction process. At the same time, the study identifies a strong correlation between decision-making on the political level and local mass killing.

  • 11.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    Världarnas mötesplats: en författare, en bro och det bosniska våldets karaktär2004In: En helt annan historia: tolv historiografiska uppsatser, Uppsala: Historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet , 2004, p. 73-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Spricka mellan USA och EU om Balkan2004In: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2, p. 20-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Dulić, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Perpetuating Fear: Insecurity, Costly Signalling and the War in Central Bosnia, 19932016In: Journal of Genocide Research, ISSN 1462-3528, E-ISSN 1469-9494, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 463-484Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the relationship between the ethnic and societal security dilemmas on the one hand, and the way in which elites seek to prevent local-level cooperation through ‘costly signalling’, on the other. By analysing transcripts of tape-recorded conversations from the Security Council of the Republic of Croatia during the period 1992–95, the author shows that the Croatian elite based its initial strategy on the widespread fear that Croats would become dominated in an independent Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was during this phase that Franjo Tuđman and parts of the Bosnian Croat elite voiced the idea that parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina should—at least as a contingency—be joined with Croatia. However, the elite in Zagreb began backtracking in early 1992, when it became clear that the international community would not allow such a turn of events. It is also shown that fears of political domination began transforming into security concerns in the second half on 1992 due to the increasing tensions between the Bosniak and Croat armed forces. The final part of the analysis shows how local elites used nationalist symbols and the presence of foreign Mujahedin fighters in the vicinity of Zenica for the purpose of ethnic mobilization in the spring of 1993.

  • 14.
    Kott, Matthew
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Dulić, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Guest Editors’ Note2016In: Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies, ISSN 2211-6249, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Kott, Matthew
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Dulić, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Guest Editors’ Note2015In: Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies, ISSN 2211-6249, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 101-102Article in journal (Other academic)
1 - 15 of 15
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