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  • 1. Bliesemann De Guevara, Berit
    et al.
    Kostić, RolandUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Knowledge and Expertise in International Interventions: The Politics of Facts, Truth and Authenticity2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge about violent conflict and international intervention is political. It involves power struggles over the objects of knowing (problematization/silencing), how they are known (epistemic practices), and what interpretations are taken into account in policymaking and implementation. This book unearths the politics, power and performances involved in the social construction of seemingly neutral concepts such as facts, truth and authenticity in knowing about violent conflict and international intervention. Contributors foreground problems of physical and social access to information, explore practices generating knowledge actors' authority and legitimacy, and analyse struggles over competing policy narratives. A first set of chapters focuses on the social construction of facts, truth and authenticity through studies of militia research in the DR Congo, politicians' on-site visits in intervention theatres in the Balkans and Afghanistan, and the epistemic practices of Human Rights Watch and comics journalism. A second set of contributions analyses the strategic side of knowledge through case studies of diplomatic counterinsurgency in Bosnia and Herzegovina, African governments' active role in the `bunkerization' of international aid workers, and authoritarian peacebuilding as a challenge to the liberal power/knowledge regime in world politics. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

  • 2.
    de Guevara, Berit Bliesemann
    et al.
    Aberystwyth Univ, Dyfed, Wales.
    Kostić, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Knowledge production in/about conflict and intervention:: finding 'facts', telling 'truth'2017In: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, ISSN 1750-2977, E-ISSN 1750-2985, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article has a twofold aim. First, it discusses the contributions to the scholarly field of conflict knowledge and expertise in this special issue on Knowledge production in/about conflict and intervention: finding 'facts', telling 'truth'. Second, it suggests an alternative reading of the issue's contributions. Starting from the assumption that prevalent ways of knowing are always influenced by wider material and ideological structures at specific times, the article traces the influence of contemporary neoliberalism on general knowledge production structures in Western societies, and more specifically in Western academia, before re-reading the special issue's contributions through this prism. The main argument is that neoliberalism leaves limited space for independent critical knowledge, thereby negatively affecting what can be known about conflict and intervention. The article concludes with some tasks for reflexive scholarship in neoliberal times.

  • 3.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Spricka mellan USA och EU om Balkan2004In: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2, p. 20-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    American nation-building abroad: Exceptional powers, broken promisses, and the making of 'Bosnia'2013In: Mediations and Liberal Pecebuilding: Peace from the ashes of war? / [ed] Mikael Eriksson and Roland Kostic, London and New York: Routledge, 2013, 1, p. 22-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Education Movements, Power and Identity in Bosnia and Herzegovina2005In: Education as Social Action: Knowledge, Identity and Power / [ed] Ashok Swain, Plagrave-Macmillan, Basingstoke and New York , 2005, 1, p. 52-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Education through regulation?: External intervenion in domestic politics in post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina2011In: Building peace, creating conflict?: conflictual dimensions of local and international peace-building / [ed] Hanne Fjelde and Kristine Höglund, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011, 1, p. 105-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Försoning i Bosnien-Hercegovina2012In: Om krig och fred: en introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier / [ed] Karin Aggestam och Kristine Höglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 289-305Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Introduction2013In: Mediation and Liberal Peacebuilding: Peace from the ashes of war? / [ed] Mikael Eriksson and Roland Kostic, London: Routledge, 2013, 1, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Nation-building as an instrument of peace: Exploring local attitudes towards international nation-building building and reconciliation in Bosnia and Herzegovina2008In: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968X, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 386-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building a durable peace by means of external nationbuilding can be acumbersome and uncertain exercise. The outcome often hinges on the attitudesof the local population and elites and their willingness to endorse the process.This article scrutinises the attitudes of the recipient population and politicalelites towards different aspects of the external nationbuilding in Bosnia andHerzegovina. It addresses the problems of state identity, reconciliation anddemocratisation in an externally administered nationbuilding endeavour. Theempirical findings from Bosnia and Herzegovina are used to illustrate thedegree to which external nationbuilding can lay the infrastructure for adurable peace in the aftermath of ethnic war.

  • 10.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Peacemaking and peacebuilding: Two ends of a tail2013In: Mediations and Liberal Peacebuilding: Peace from the ashes of war? / [ed] Mikael Eriksson and Roland Kostic, London and New York: Routledge, 2013, 1, p. 5-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Rethinking peacemaking: Peace at all costs?2013In: Mediations and Liberla Peacebuilding: Peace from the ashes of war? / [ed] Mikael Eriksson and Roland Kostic, London and New York: Routledge, 2013, 1, p. 156-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    Serbia and Montenegro country analysis: New framework in search of a lasting solution2004Report (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 13.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Faculty of Arts, The Uppsala Programme for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
    Strategies of livelihood in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina: A study of the economic predicament of returning home2003Report (Other scientific)
  • 14.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Transnational think tanks: foot soldiers in the battlefield of ideas?: Examining the role of the ICG in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2000-012014In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 634-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peace-building situations can be described as battlefields of ideas where key international policy makers engage in internal battles for control over intervention policy. Knowledge production, based on timely information and analysis, is seen as crucial to winning these battles of ideas. By providing detailed information, analysis and recommendations, the International Crisis Group (icg) has assumed an important role in this process. Yet we know little about the specific role the icg plays in battles for intervention policy. This article investigates icg analyses and recommendations and the way they fit into the specific internal debates within the international community in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in 2000–01. By looking at the work of the icg in BiH around the elections in 2000, the article demonstrates that it often acted as a legitimising agent of US positions and policy in the country.

  • 15.
    Kostic, Roland
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Dulic, Tomislav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Yugoslavs in Arms:  Guerrilla Tradition, Total Defence and the Ethnic Security Dilemma 2010In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 62, no 7, p. 1051-1072Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Kostic, Roland
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Eriksson, MikaelFOI .
    Mediation and Liberal Peacebuilding: Peace From the Ashes of War?2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers a state-of-the-art examination of peacemaking, looking at its theoretical assumptions, empirical applications and its consequences.

    Despite the wealth of research on external interventions and practices of Western peacebuilding, many scholars tend to rely on findings in the so-called 'post-agreement' phase of interventions. As a result, most mainstream peacebuilding literature pays limited or no attention to the linkages that exist between mediation practices in the negotiation phase and processes in the post-peace agreement phase of intervention.

    By linking the motives and practices of interveners during negotiation and implementation phases into a more integrated theoretical framework, this book makes a unique contribution to the on-going debate on the so-called Western ‘liberal’ models of peacebuilding. Drawing upon in-depth case-studies from various different regions of the world including Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Sudan, Ivory Coast, Senegal and Sierra Leone, this innovative volume examines a variety of political motives behind third party interventions, thus challenging the very founding concept of mediation literature.

    This book will of much interest to students of peacebuilding, statebuilding, peacemaking, war and conflict studies, security studies and IR in general.

  • 17.
    Kostic, Roland
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Krampe, Florian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Swain, Ashok
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, För teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten gemensamma enheter, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development.
    Liberal State-building and Environmental Security: The International Community Between Trade-Off and Carelessness2012In: The Security-Development Nexus: Peace, Conflict and Development / [ed] Ramses Amer, Ashok Swain and Joakim Öjendal, London: Anthem Press, 2012, p. 41-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Liberal state- and nationbuilding fails to include into its framework of analysis environmental problems of post-conflict societies. Economic development projects such as large hydro projects or open cast mining for lignite, as an element of broader state-building exercise, lead to environmental stress for the communities, and can further exacerbate inter-communal incompatibilities. The case study of statebuilding in Kosovo is used to highlight the complexities of sustaining a peaceful post-conflict situation within the framework of existing peacebuilding model. Moreover, it emphasises that environmental and societal security requirements have to be addressed simultaneously to reduce the risk of reoccurring conflicts. The expectations is that by better understanding of the interaction between societal and environmental security, further valuable conclusion can be drawn about the capacity and limitations of prevailing models to build peace in the aftermath of civil wars.

  • 18.
    Kostić, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Försoning i Bosnien-Hercegovina2017In: Om krig och fred: en introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier / [ed] Karin Aggestam , Kristine Höglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2, p. 353-367Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Kostić, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Shadow peacebuilders and diplomatic counterinsurgencies:: informal networks, knowledge production and the art of policy-shaping2017In: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, ISSN 1750-2977, E-ISSN 1750-2985, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 120-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the role of informal networks in producing strategic knowledge and influencing policy responses to the 2011 post-election crisis in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The analytical focus is on networks of shadow peacebuilders, defined as actors who are often not visible to the public and who promote a mix of altruistic and personal interests of their broader network by generating strategic narratives and influencing peacebuilding policy. As this article shows, shadow peacebuilders engage in diplomatic counterinsurgencies waged by means of diplomacy, politics, public relations and legal means. Strategic narratives are instrumental in legitimizing diplomatic counterinsurgency, inducing internal cohesion within the network and delegitimizing alternative narratives and policy solutions. Yet the production of strategic knowledge by shadow peacebuilders has its limitations. When the gap between strategic narrative and actions becomes too big, the network risks fragmentation and defeat by other networks that promote alternative strategic narratives and paths of action in the battle over control of peacebuilding policy.

  • 20.
    Kostić, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The distinction of peace: a social analysis of peacebuilding2019In: Peacebuilding, ISSN 2164-7259, E-ISSN 2164-7267, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 123-125Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Kostić, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Transitional justice and reconciliation in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Whose memories, whose justice?2012In: Sociologija, ISSN 0038-0318, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 649-666Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows that transitional justice initiatives such as the trials at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Commission for Srebrenica and the establishment of accurate statistics on deaths during the csonflict have had only a limited impact on inter-group reconciliation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Popular attitudes towards these initiatives are captured in surveys conducted in 2005 and 2010. The results are not surprising given that the absence, due to the level of external regulation and control, of a politics of post-Dayton state-building means that domestic politics takes place in an arena of dealing with the past. The international community legitimised the three prevalent conflict narratives as a way of achieving a peace settlement in Dayton. These communal narratives were used in the peace-building phase by the local elites to defend concessions gained during negotiations and to oppose changes imposed by external supervisors of the Dayton Peace Accords. This has transformed the debate over the recent conflict from a transitional process of coming to terms with the past to a permanent state of affairs. This process precludes reconciliation in terms of mutual acknowledgment of suffering and a nuanced understanding of the causes and dynamics of the violent conflict.

  • 22.
    Krampe, Florian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Kostic, Roland
    Global Environmental Governance during Peacebuilding - The Case of Kosovo2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Kosovo’s energy development could be much further if resources would have been used more efficient and if global environmental governance regimes would have been applied earlier. This paper tries to explain why focus on renewable resources and with that a more sustainable approach to Kosovo’s development was not promoted through peacebuilding actors. We contextualize the question of global environmental governance during peacebuilding by focusing on the challenges to global norms and procedures of environmental protection in Kosovo’s energy policies. Previous research on Kosovo found that external peacebuilding actors favoured short-sighted solutions and focused on imminent security and economic development. A comprehensive, long-term strategy to address environmental factors through diversification of energy sources and utilizing of renewable energy potentials was missing. However, a 2012 assessment found that Kosovo a focus on security and economic development would not be contradicted by the promotion of renewable energy policies in peacebuilding strategies for Kosovo. We show that Kosovo environmental governance in terms of global norms and procedures of environmental protection was unsuccessful during Kosovo’s international-governance/liberal peace administration embodied in the UNMIK. However, following Kosovo’s declaration of independence in 2008 we find that new policies of environmental governance emerge and manifest itself in the strategy that includes renewable resources. Thus, we argue that change in security priorities within Kosovo in the post-independence period created space for influences not only by international private and political actors dealing with energy issues but also for local private actors and civil society lobbying Kosovo government for strategies more in line with GEG and relying more on renewable energy sources. 

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