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  • 1. Van't Hooft, Ingrid
    et al.
    Gavhed, Désirée
    Laurencikas, Evaldas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Radiology.
    Henter, Jan-Inge
    Neuropsychological sequelae in patients with neurodegenerative Langerhans cell histiocytosis2008In: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 51, no 5, p. 669-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) may develop neurodegeneration and significant CNS sequelae, affecting a significant proportion of the patients. We here aimed to investigate the neuropsychological consequences in more detail. METHODS: Using an extensive neuropsychological test battery, we evaluated nine LCH patients, 6-20 years old, with radiological signs indicative of neurodegeneration. RESULTS: Altogether 3/9 patients performed below 1 SD of normal for age on full IQ. Detailed analysis revealed that 4/9 had deficient performance IQ, whereas 1/9 had subnormal verbal IQ (defined as below 1 SD). Furthermore, 3/8 patients showed slow speed of performance for age. Notably, 8/9 (89%) had deficient verbal working memory and 7/8 (88%) performed below normal on visual-spatial working memory. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate a specific, uneven neuropsychological profile in patients affected by CNS-LCH, with a decline particularly on perceptual tasks whereas the verbal performance was not as negatively influenced. Furthermore, verbal and visual-spatial working memory functions were below normal for age in all but one patient studied. LCH may easily be misdiagnosed, but it is important that individuals affected by CNS-LCH are diagnosed to provide advice and support. It remains a challenge to find a treatment reducing this unfortunate neurodegeneration.

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